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# HEAT AND MASS TRANSFER BMCT 3143 TUTORIAL 03

## DR MOHD YUSOFF SULAIMAN

JABATAN TERMA-BENDALIR JUN2010
FAKULTI KEJURUTERAAN MEKANIKAL
UNIVERSITI TEKNIKAL MALAYSIA MELAKA
Hang Tuah Jaya, 76100 Durian Tunggal, Melaka.
Tel : 06-331 6014 Faks : 06-331 6511 Email : fkm@utem.edu.my

## HEAT AND MASS TRANSFER BMCT 3143

TUTORIAL 03 – Steady State Conduction – Multi Dimensions

1. A cube 35 cm on each external side is constructed of flreday brick. The wall thickness is 5 cm.
The Inner surface temperature is 500°C, and the outer surface temperature is 80°C. Compute
the heat flow in watts.

2. A 20 cm diameter sphere is totally enclosed by a large mass of glass wool. A heater inside
the sphere maintains its outer surface temperature at 170°C while the temperature at the outer
edge of the glass wool is 20°C. How much power must be supplied to the heater to maintain
equilibrium conditions?

## 3. In certain locales, power transmission is made by means of underground cables. In one

example an 8 cm diameter cable is buried at a depth of 1.3 m, and the resistance of the cable is
1.1 x 10-4 Ω/m. The surface temperature of the ground is 25°C, and k = 1.2 W/m· K for earth.
Calculate the maximum allowable current if the outside temperature of the cable cannot exceed
110°C?

4. Two pipes are buried in an insulating material having k = 0.8 W/m· K. One pipe is 10 cm in
diameter and carries a hot fluid at 300°C while the other pipe is 2.8 cm in diameter and carries
a cool fluid at 15°C. The pipes are parallel and separated by a distance of 12 cm at centers.
Calculate the heat transfer rate between the pipes per unit of length.

5. People are sometimes careless at universities and bury steam pipes in the ground without
insulation. Consider a 10.16 cm pipe carrying steam at 148.89°C buried at a depth of 22.86 cm
to centerline. The buried length is 91.44 m. Assuming that the earth thermal conductivity is 1.2
W/m2·K and the surface temperature is 15.56°C, estimate the heat loss from the pipe.

## 6. An electric heater in the form of a 50 by 100 cm plate is laid on top of a semi-infinite

insulating material having a thermal conductivity of 0.74 W/m· K. The heater plate is maintained
at a constant temperature of 120°C over all its surface, and the temperature of the insulating
material a large distance from the heater is 15°C. Calculate the heat conducted into the
insulating material.

7. A 3 m diameter sphere contains a mixture of ice and water at 0°C and is buried in a semi-
infinite material having a thermal conductivity of 0.2 W/m· K. The top surface of the medium is
isothermal at 30°C and the sphere centreline is at a depth of 8.5 m. Calculate the heat loss by
the sphere.

## 8. A furnace of 0.3048 by 0.6096 by 0.9144 m inside dimensions is constructed of a material

having a thermal conductivity of 0.894 W/m· K. The wall thickness is 15.24 cm. The inner and
outer surface temperatures are 537.78 and 93.33°C respectively. Calculate the heat loss through
the furnace wall.

9. A thin disk 5 cm in diameter is maintained at 75°C and placed on the surface of a large
medium at 15°C with k = 3 W/m· K. Calculate the heat conducted into the medium.

10. A scheme is devised to measure the thermal conductivity of soil by immersing a long
electrically heated rod in the ground in a vertical position. For design purposes, the rod is taken
as 2.5 cm in diameter with a length of 1 m. To avoid improper alteration of the soil, the
maximum surface temperature of the rod is 55°C white the soil temperature is 10°C. Assuming
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HEAT AND MASS TRANSFER BMCT 3143 TUTORIAL 03
DR MOHD YUSOFF SULAIMAN
JUN2010

a soil conductivity of 1.7 W/m·K, what are the power requirements of the electric heater in
watts?

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