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PREFEITURA MUNICIPAL DE ARACAJU

FUNDAÇÃO MUNICIPAL DO TRABALHO

Curso Básico de Inglês


Prefeitura Municipal de Aracaju

EDVALDO NOGUEIRA
PREFEITO MUNICIPAL DE ARACAJU

Fundação Municipal do Trabalho

Carlos Magno Costa Garcia


Diretor Presidente

Marta Andrade de Carvalho Rocha


Diretora Operacional

Rosana Pereira Amaral


Diretora Técnica

Vanda Maria Almeida da Fonseca


Diretora Administrativa e Financeira

Camilla Dantas Machado Viana


Coordenadora de Qualificação Profissional

Autora: Suzana Dantas Rocha.


Aracaju – SE
PREFEITURA MUNICIPAL DE ARACAJU
FUNDAÇÃO MUNICIPAL DO TRABALHO
CURSO DE INGLÊS BÁSICO

INFORMAÇÕES AO ALUNO
O Cidadão / aluno matriculado nos Cursos oferecidos pela FUNDAT deve tratar com
respeito Professores, Funcionários e Colegas e, ainda:
 Apresente-se ao local do curso trajando-se adequadamente de modo a manter-se
o respeito mútuo e a atender as normas de higiene e segurança pessoal e coletiva.
Não será permitido o uso de bermudas e saias acima do joelho, blusas curtas e
decotes ousados, ou qualquer outra vestimenta que possa desviar á atenção do
aluno.
 Não danifique portas e janelas do prédio, ou as cadeiras da sala de aula, porque
esse patrimônio também é seu e, mais você pode voltar a este local para fazer
outros cursos.

O Aluno que causar danos materiais ao Patrimônio Público ou a objetos de propriedade


da FUNDAT deverá indenizar o prejuízo.
Seja um aluno assíduo, porque a falta de uma aula poderá comprometer a assimilação do
conteúdo; por isso seja um aluno pontual.
Haverá tolerância de 10 minutos para o atraso do aluno, mais não será permitido que o
aluno tenha mais que 25% de faltas no curso.
As faltas do aluno somente serão abonadas por motivos de doença, mediante
apresentação de Atestado Medico, nos demais casos as faltas serão apenas justificadas.
Portanto, o aluno que ao longo do curso apresentar 26% de faltas, estará
automaticamente REPROVADO.
O aluno com idade igual ou superior a 16 anos está apto para se matricular nos cursos
oferecidos pela FUNDAT. Todavia, se constata a evasão desse aluno em 02 cursos,
consecutivos, o mesmo somente poderá matricular-se em outro curso após 03 meses,
contados da data da sua ultima evasão.

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PREFEITURA MUNICIPAL DE ARACAJU
FUNDAÇÃO MUNICIPAL DO TRABALHO
CURSO DE INGLÊS BÁSICO

APRESENTAÇÃO
A FUNDAÇÃO MUNICIPAL DO TRABALHO – FUNDAT, criada em 1997 é um órgão da
esfera municipal, sem fins lucrativos e de caráter filantrópico. É através da FUNDAT que a
PREFEITURA MUNICIPAL DE ARACAJU, desenvolve uma política concreta de trabalho
e renda voltada para responder às necessidades do cidadão aracajuano, que busca uma
profissão para garantir a sua sobrevivência ou formas de prosperar em um negócio
próprio.
Por meio de uma ação local da FUNDAT, criam-se as condições para o crescimento da
economia da cidade, resultando em transformações reais na melhoria de vida dos
aracajuanos.
As ações da FUNDAT direcionadas para a Qualificação Profissional têm a concepção de
aliar aos conhecimentos técnicos, informações e vivências sobre relações humanas e
cidadania. Desta forma os cursos promovidos pela Fundação têm uma carga horária de
10 horas/aulas de Relações Humanas, adicionalmente ao conteúdo programático do
treinamento realizado.

CURSOS OFERTADOS PELA FUNDAT:


A FUNDAT oferece ao cidadão aracajuano 30 modalidades de curso, nas mais diversas
áreas, quais sejam: Culinária, Informática, Higiene e Beleza, Artesanato e Gestão.
Informações mais especificas sobre os cursos devem ser obtidas junto a Coordenação
das Unidades de Bairro ou na Coordenação Geral de Qualificação Profissional localizada
na Sede da Fundação Municipal do Trabalho.

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PREFEITURA MUNICIPAL DE ARACAJU
FUNDAÇÃO MUNICIPAL DO TRABALHO
CURSO DE INGLÊS BÁSICO

APRESENTAÇÃO

O curso de inglês intermediário é destinado a você, aluno, que quer avaliar ou


melhorar seu nível de conhecimento, ou está se preparando para o mercado de trabalho.

Seu conteúdo irá ajudá-lo no aprendizado e a melhorar seu desempenho.

Espero que este material possa contribuir para aprimorar seu conhecimento da
língua inglesa, de maneira rápida e eficaz e assim ajudá-lo a abrir as portas do futuro.

Boa Sorte!

Instrutora Suzana Dantas Rocha

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PREFEITURA MUNICIPAL DE ARACAJU
FUNDAÇÃO MUNICIPAL DO TRABALHO
CURSO DE INGLÊS BÁSICO

SUMÁRIO

PRESENT CONTINUOUS TENSE


PAST CONTINUOUS TENSE
GOING TO (PRESENT)
GOING TO (PAST)
SIMPLE FUTURE TENSE
REFLEXIE PRONOUNS

ADJECTIVES
DEMONSTRATIVE PRONOUNS
DEGREE OF COMPARISIONS
ADVERBS
PRESENT PERFECT TENSE

CAN
MAY
WOULD LIKE
USED TO
TAG ENDINGS
RELATIVE PRONOUNS
MUSICS
EXERCISE

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PREFEITURA MUNICIPAL DE ARACAJU
FUNDAÇÃO MUNICIPAL DO TRABALHO
CURSO DE INGLÊS BÁSICO

PRESENT CONTINUOUS TENSE

EX: TO DO

AFIRMATIVA FORM EXAMPLES:

I am doing
You are doing I’m working in this hotel now
He is doing
She is doing You’re having lunch with your parents
It is doing
We are doing Jane’s studying for her test
You are doing
They are doing

NEGATIVE FORM

I am not doing
You are not doing We aren’t cleaning our room
He is not doing
She is not doing He isn’t building their house
It is not doing
We are not doing They aren’t cooking fish
You are not doing
They are not doing

INTERROGATIVE FORM

Am I doing?
Are you doing?
Is he doing? Are they wearing black blouses?
Is she doing?
Is it doing? Is your telephone ringing?
Are we doing?
Are you doing? Is the cat sleeping in the garden?
Are they doing?

• Forma-se a negativa colocando-se not após o verbo.


• Forma-se a interrogativa colocando-se o verbo antes do sujeito.
• Formas abreviadas: ‘m (am), ‘re (are), ‘s (is), isn’t (is not), aren’t (are not).

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PREFEITURA MUNICIPAL DE ARACAJU
FUNDAÇÃO MUNICIPAL DO TRABALHO
CURSO DE INGLÊS BÁSICO

OBS: Geralmente os verbos não sofrem modificações ao receber a terminação -ing.


Porém:

a) Se o verbo termina em –e, ele perde o –e ao receber –ing.

Ex: drive – driving write – writing love – loving

b) Se o verbo termina em consoante / vogal / consoante, dobra-se a última consoante e


acrescenta-se -ing.

Ex: cut – cutting swim – swimming run - running

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PREFEITURA MUNICIPAL DE ARACAJU
FUNDAÇÃO MUNICIPAL DO TRABALHO
CURSO DE INGLÊS BÁSICO

PAST CONTINUOUS TENSE

EX: TO WALK

AFIRMATIVA FORM EXAMPLES:

I was walking
You were walking
He was walking I was reading the newspaper 5 minutes
She was walking ago
It was walking
We were walking You were preparing dinner
You were walking
They were walking Jane was waiting for you

NEGATIVE FORM

I was not walking


You were not walking
He was not walking We weren’t swimming in the lake
She was not walking
It was not walking He wasn’t watching TV in his bedroom
We were not walking
You were not walking They weren’t taking a bath
They were not walking

INTERROGATIVE FORM

Was I walking?
Were you walking? Were they playing cards?
Was he walking?
Was she walking? Was she doing her English lessons?
Was it walking?
Were we walking? Was the baby crying?
Were you walking?
Were they walking?

 Formas abreviadas: wasn’t (was not), weren’t (were not)

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PREFEITURA MUNICIPAL DE ARACAJU
FUNDAÇÃO MUNICIPAL DO TRABALHO
CURSO DE INGLÊS BÁSICO

ARE YOU JEALOUS?

Suzy: I saw your boyfriend yesterday?


Jane: Oh, really? Where?
Suzy: He was at that new shopping mall near the park.
Jane: What was he doing there?
Suzy: When I saw him, he was buying a present.
Jane: For me??
Suzy: No, he wasn’t buying a present for you, Jane.
Jane: How do you know?
Suzy: He told me.
Jane: Was he buying a present for another girl?
Suzy: Yes, he was.
Jane: What?!?
Suzy: He was buying a birthday present for his sister, Jane.
Jane: Oh, I thought...?
Suzy: I know what you thought, Jane. You’re very jealous.
Jane: No, I’m not jealous. I’m just careful.

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PREFEITURA MUNICIPAL DE ARACAJU
FUNDAÇÃO MUNICIPAL DO TRABALHO
CURSO DE INGLÊS BÁSICO

GOING TO (PRESENT)

EX: TO STUDY

AFIRMATIVA FORM
EXAMPLES:
I am going to study
You are going to study
He is going to study Suzy is going to travel to Paris
She is going to study
It is going to study We are going to clean the garden
We are going to study
You are going to study Tom is going to buy those towels
They are going to study

NEGATIVE FORM

I am not going to study


You are not going to study
He is not going to study We aren’t going to eat fruit
She is not going to study
It is not walking He isn’t going to sell a house
We are not going to study
You are not going to study They aren’t going to write a letter
They are not going to study

INTERROGATIVE FORM

Am I going to study?
Are you going to study? Are they going to sleep early?
Is he going to study?
Is she going to study? Is she going to clean the kitchen this
Is it going to study? night?
Are we going to study?
Are you going to study? Is the cat going to eat the bird?
Are they going to study?

 Going to (present) é usado para expressar:

a) Ações que vão ocorrer no futuro próximo;


b) Planos ou intenções;
c) Probabilidade.

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PREFEITURA MUNICIPAL DE ARACAJU
FUNDAÇÃO MUNICIPAL DO TRABALHO
CURSO DE INGLÊS BÁSICO

WHAT ARE YOU GOING TO BE?

I’m going to be a doctor


You’re going to be a teacher

He’s going to be a tennis player She’s going to be a nurse

He’s going to be a waiter She’s going to be a chambermaid

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PREFEITURA MUNICIPAL DE ARACAJU
FUNDAÇÃO MUNICIPAL DO TRABALHO
CURSO DE INGLÊS BÁSICO

CONVERSATION

ALLAN: What are you going to do next vacation?

CYNTHIA: I’m going to attend an exchange program for teen in Australia.

ALLAN: Really?

CYNTHIA: Yes, I’m going to stay there for two weeks

ALLAN: Are you going to live in a school or with a family?

CYNTHIA: I’m going to live with an Australian family.

ALLAN: How nice! You’re going to have the opportunity to experience the Australian way
of life!

CYNTHIA: Sure! You bet!

ALLAN: What city are you going to?

CYNTHIA: Sidney. On the first week I’m going to go to the Barrier Reef: a paradise for
divers.

ALLAN: Ok! Have a nice trip and a good time in Australia.

CYNTHIA: Thanks.

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PREFEITURA MUNICIPAL DE ARACAJU
FUNDAÇÃO MUNICIPAL DO TRABALHO
CURSO DE INGLÊS BÁSICO

GOING TO (PAST)

EX: TO BUY

AFIRMATIVA FORM EXAMPLES:

I was going to buy


You were going to buy I was going to reserve a double room
He was going to buy
She was going to buy You were going to have breakfast
It was going to buy
We were going to buy Jane was going to arrive late
You were going to buy
They were going to buy

NEGATIVE FORM

I was not going to buy


You were going to buy We weren’t going to give you a present
He was not going to buy
She was not going to buy He wasn’t going to study math
It was not going to buy
We were not going to buy They weren’t going to drink coke
You were not going to buy
They were not going to buy

INTERROGATIVE FORM

Was I going to buy?


Were you going to buy?
Was he going to buy? Were they going to play tennis?
Was she going to buy?
Was it going to buy? Was she going to wash the dishes?
Were we going to buy?
Were you going to buy? Was the baby going to eat cookies?
Were they going to buy?

 Going to (past) é usado para expressar uma ação planejada no passado, mas que não
aconteceu.

EX: I was going to study, but I was too tired.

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PREFEITURA MUNICIPAL DE ARACAJU
FUNDAÇÃO MUNICIPAL DO TRABALHO
CURSO DE INGLÊS BÁSICO

WHAT WERE YOU GOING TO DO?

I was going to swim He was going to ride a bicycle

He was going to paint You were going to sing

Tom was going to be a doorman Mary was going to be a maid

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PREFEITURA MUNICIPAL DE ARACAJU
FUNDAÇÃO MUNICIPAL DO TRABALHO
CURSO DE INGLÊS BÁSICO

SIMPLE FUTURE TENSE

EX: TO TRAVEL

AFIRMATIVA FORM EXAMPLES:

I will travel
You will travel I will see you in the morning
He will travel
She will travel You will make a cake
It will travel
We will travel Jane will come tomorrow
You will travel
They will travel

NEGATIVE FORM

I will not travel


You will not travel We will not pay the bill
He will not travel
She will not travel He won’t learn Portuguese
It will not travel
We will not travel They will not visit us next month
You will not travel
They will not travel

INTERROGATIVE FORM

Will I travel?
Will you travel?
Will he travel? Will they play piano?
Will she travel?
Will it travel? Will you buy a car?
Will we travel?
Will you travel? Will she eat fish?
Will they travel?

 Formas abreviadas: ‘ll (will); won’t (will not)

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PREFEITURA MUNICIPAL DE ARACAJU
FUNDAÇÃO MUNICIPAL DO TRABALHO
CURSO DE INGLÊS BÁSICO

• O futuro simples é usado para expressar uma ação futura.


EX: I was going to study, but I was too tired.
REFLEXIE PRONOUNS

PERSONAL PRONOUNS REFLEXIVE PRONOUNS

I Myself
You Yourself
He Himself
She Herself
It Itself
We Ourselves
You Yourselves
They themselves

• O pronome reflexivo pode ter função reflexiva, indicando que a ação do verbo recai
sobre o próprio sujeito. Nesse caso o pronome vem após o verbo e concorda com o sujeito

EX: He hurt himself in the game.


I painted the room myself

• Quando o sujeito for um pronome indefinido (some, any, no ou seus compostos), a


concordância é feita com a 3° pessoa do singular, sempre no masculino.

EX: Nobody hurt himself


Somebody shot himself by accident

• Os pronomes reflexivos podem ter função idiomática. Nesse caso o pronome vem
precedido de by e significa “sozinho”, “sem ajuda”.

EX: I live by myself

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PREFEITURA MUNICIPAL DE ARACAJU
FUNDAÇÃO MUNICIPAL DO TRABALHO
CURSO DE INGLÊS BÁSICO

The boy did the exercise by himself

 Os pronomes reflexivos também podem ter a função enfática. Nesse caso eles
concordam com a pessoa ou coisa que se quer enfatizar.

EX: She talked to the president. (frase sem nenhuma ênfase)


She herself talked to the president (ênfase no sujeito)
She talked to the president herself (ênfase no sujeito)
She talked to the president himself (ênfase no objeto)

CONVERSATION

A: I cut myself
B: Where did you cut yourself?

A: How was the disco?


B: It was great! We enjoyed ourselves a lot!

A: Mom, I’m going to the cinema with Susan.


B: Enjoy yourselves

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PREFEITURA MUNICIPAL DE ARACAJU
FUNDAÇÃO MUNICIPAL DO TRABALHO
CURSO DE INGLÊS BÁSICO

ADJECTIVES

 O adjetivo define ou descreve um substantivo ou um pronome.

Ex: She has green eyes.

O adjetivo green descreve o substantivo eyes.

EX: He is strong.

O adjetivo strong descreve o pronome he.

 O adjetivo precede o substantivo que ele descreve.


EX: He has blue eyes.
O adjetivo blue precede o substantivo eyes.

EX: She lives in a white house.

O adjetivo white precede o substantivo house.

 Essa regra é válida também quando há mais de um adjetivo na frase.

EX: She is a beautiful, talented, and smart girl.

 Os adjetivos beautiful, talented e smart precedem o substantivo girl.

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PREFEITURA MUNICIPAL DE ARACAJU
FUNDAÇÃO MUNICIPAL DO TRABALHO
CURSO DE INGLÊS BÁSICO

THE HUMAN BODY

The girl has black hair. It’s short. Her skirt is white.

The boy has blond hair. His blouse is gray.

They are tall and thin and they have long legs.

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PREFEITURA MUNICIPAL DE ARACAJU
FUNDAÇÃO MUNICIPAL DO TRABALHO
CURSO DE INGLÊS BÁSICO

DEMONSTRATIVE PRONOUNS

 This (este, esta, isto)  That (aquele, aquela, aquilo) refere-


 Refere-se a algo que está próximo. se a algo que está longe.
 O plural de that é those
EX: This book is interesting
These desks are comfortable EX: That girl over there is my sister
Those boys are my cousins
 O plural de This é these.

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PREFEITURA MUNICIPAL DE ARACAJU
FUNDAÇÃO MUNICIPAL DO TRABALHO
CURSO DE INGLÊS BÁSICO

CLOTHES

This sweater is expensive This shoe is dirty

This jacket is very comfortable


These pajamas are clean

This t-shirt is cheap


That new skirt is long

These under wears are big

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PREFEITURA MUNICIPAL DE ARACAJU
FUNDAÇÃO MUNICIPAL DO TRABALHO
CURSO DE INGLÊS BÁSICO

Those slippers are old This jeans isn’t blue

Those socks are white

This dress is mine

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PREFEITURA MUNICIPAL DE ARACAJU
FUNDAÇÃO MUNICIPAL DO TRABALHO
CURSO DE INGLÊS BÁSICO

DEGREE OF COMPARISIONS

• Em inglês os adjetivos e advérbios podem aparecer nos graus normal, comparativo


e superlativo.

• Comparativo de igualdade: é formado com as ... as (frases aff.) e not so ... as


(frases neg.).

EX: Joe is as tall as Tom. (aff.) Joe is not so tall as Bob. (neg.)

• Comparativo e superlativo de inferioridade: são formados com less ... than e the
least.

EX: Joe is less tall than Bob. EX: Fred is the least tall in our class.

• Comparativo e superlativo de superioridade de adjetivos ou advérbios com mais de


uma sílaba: são formados com more ... than e the most

EX:

I can sing more beautifully than you. Grace is more intelligent than Bob.Jane is
Ted writes more slowly than Brenda. the most intelligent girl I know

Obs1:
Than significa “do que“ e aparece sempre Obs2:
nos comparativos de inferioridade e de The sempre aparece com superlativos de
superioridade. inferioridade ou de superioridade.
EX: She reads more books than you. Ex: That is the least expensive pen you
My notebook is less expensive than yours. can buy.
Mr. Jane is the most beautiful girl I know

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PREFEITURA MUNICIPAL DE ARACAJU
FUNDAÇÃO MUNICIPAL DO TRABALHO
CURSO DE INGLÊS BÁSICO

 Comparativo e superlativo de superioridade de adjetivos e advérbios com uma só


sílaba: são formados com as terminações –er e –est, respectivamente.

EX: tall – taller – the tallest hot – hotter – the hottest

EX:
My wife got up earlier than I did this
Fred can run faster than Martin can.
morning.

 Comparação irregular:

EX: good – better – the best Much – more – the most

bad – worse – the worst Many – more – the most

little – less – the least

 Palavras terminadas em –e recebem apenas –r e –st.

EX: large – larger – largest wide – wider - widest

 Palavras terminadas em –y precedido de consoante trocam o –y por –I ao receber –er


e –est.

EX: happy – happier – happiest Ugly – uglier – ugliest

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PREFEITURA MUNICIPAL DE ARACAJU
FUNDAÇÃO MUNICIPAL DO TRABALHO
CURSO DE INGLÊS BÁSICO

PRACTICE

Spain is bigger than Portugal

The Rio-Niterói Bridge is longer than the Golden Gate Bridge

Mexico is smaller than the United States

Mount Everest is higher than Mount McKinley

The Twin Towers are taller than the Empire State Building

An apartment is more expensive than a car

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PREFEITURA MUNICIPAL DE ARACAJU
FUNDAÇÃO MUNICIPAL DO TRABALHO
CURSO DE INGLÊS BÁSICO

ANIMALS

That fish isn’t as fast as a lion


This pig is fatter than the cat

These rabbits aren’t shorter than the lion

This cow is bigger than the dog

This cat is taller than the birds

These birds aren’t as beautiful as the


rabbits

This dog isn’t as ugly as a pig


That elephant is the most intelligent
animal of the world

Those lions are the most dangerous


animals I know

Those horses are faster than the cow

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PREFEITURA MUNICIPAL DE ARACAJU
FUNDAÇÃO MUNICIPAL DO TRABALHO
CURSO DE INGLÊS BÁSICO

ADVERBS

 É a classe gramatical das palavras que modificam um verbo ou um adjetivo ou um outro


advérbio. Raramente modificam um substantivo. É a palavra que indica as
circunstâncias em que ocorre a ação verbal.

 Não se flexionam em gênero e número, mas podem sofrer flexão de grau.

1. Adverbs of Manner: badly, anxiously, beautifully, luckily, quickly, weakly, carefully

EX: Jack drives very carefully.


The little girl runs quickly

2. Adverbs of Time: later, now, soon, yesterday, Sunday…, today, next week/month/year,
already, still, finally…

EX: We'll let you know our decision next week.


He arrived there yesterday

3. Adverbs of frequency: eventually, usually, frequently, always, never, sometimes,


often…

EX: They usually get to work at eight o'clock.

4. Adverbs of Degree: extremely, immensely, moderately, perfectly, strongly, totally, very,


a lot…

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PREFEITURA MUNICIPAL DE ARACAJU
FUNDAÇÃO MUNICIPAL DO TRABALHO
CURSO DE INGLÊS BÁSICO

EX: They like playing golf a lot.

5. Adverbs of Probability: certainly, definitely, maybe, perhaps, possibly, probably,


doubtless

EX: We will certainly win the game.

OBS:

 O advérbio sempre vem antes do verbo principal. Porém, se houver mais de um verbo
auxiliar, o advérbio deve aparecer depois do primeiro.

 O advérbio também deve ser posicionado depois de am, is, are, was e were, mesmo se
aparecerem sozinhos na frase.

 EX: I will always remember you.


She never speaks Portuguese.
They have often been accused.
He is frequently drunk.

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PREFEITURA MUNICIPAL DE ARACAJU
FUNDAÇÃO MUNICIPAL DO TRABALHO
CURSO DE INGLÊS BÁSICO

TEXT

Helen is a TV journalist. She always collects and writes the news, and sometimes
she presents in on TV. She usually has to prepare the reports. She never reports lies or
gossip. She’s very professional.

PRACTICE

Mary Always Helps her mother in the kitchen


Jane Usually Cleans his bedroom
Tom Sometimes Washes her bathroom
Grace Never Sets the table in the living room
Leo Cleans the garden

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PREFEITURA MUNICIPAL DE ARACAJU
FUNDAÇÃO MUNICIPAL DO TRABALHO
CURSO DE INGLÊS BÁSICO

PRESENT PERFECT TENSE

Afirmative form:
 O presente perfeito é usado para expressar:

I have studied
You have studied a) Ações que começaram no passado e continuam até o
He has studied presente
She has studied
We have studied EX: I have lived here since 1990.
You have studied
They have studied b) Ações que aconteceram num tempo indefinido no passado.

Obs: Se for mencionado ou sugerido o tempo exato em


Negative form: que a ação ocorreu, usa-se o passado simples.

EX: I have studied English (tempo indefinido)


I have not studied I studied English yesterday (tempo exato)
You have not studied
He has not studied c) Ações que aconteceram várias vezes no passado
She has not studied
We have not studied EX: We have seen that film many times
You have not studied She has visited Miami many times
They have not studied

 O presente perfeito também é usado com as seguintes


palavras:
Interrogative form:

Since (desde) – You have studied Japanese since April


Have I studied? For (durante) – I have studied Portuguese for two years
Have you studied? Just (acabar de) – They have just arrived from London
Has he studied? Already (já) – They have already arrived
Has she studied? Have they already arrived?
Have we studied? Yet (já, ainda) – They haven’t arrived yet
Have you studied? Have they arrived yet?
Have they studied?

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PREFEITURA MUNICIPAL DE ARACAJU
FUNDAÇÃO MUNICIPAL DO TRABALHO
CURSO DE INGLÊS BÁSICO

Obs: O particípio passado dos verbos regulares é igual ao passado simples,

EX: studied played

 O particípio passado dos verbos irregulares não segue regras. (Ver a lista de verbos
irregulares no final do livro).

CONVERSATION

CAROL: Have you ever been to this restaurant?

ALLAN: Yes, we have been to this restaurant many times.

CAROL: Many times! Why?

ALLAN: Oh! Because the menu is marvelous.

CAROL: Have you chosen your meal?

ALLAN: Yes, We have already chosen our meal.

CAROL: Have you asked for it to the waiter?

ALLAN: Yes, we have just ordered our dishes to the waiter.

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PREFEITURA MUNICIPAL DE ARACAJU
FUNDAÇÃO MUNICIPAL DO TRABALHO
CURSO DE INGLÊS BÁSICO

CAN

Afirmative form: I can play. EX: He can speak English


Negative form: I cannot play. (can´t) We can write beautiful letters
Interrogative form: Can I play? My friend can play tennis

Expressa

Capacidade: She can swim?

Permissão / Possibilidade: You can leave now.

MAY

Afirmative form: I may go. EX: I may go with you


Negative form: I may not go It may rain tomorrow
Interrogative form: May I go? The boys may go to the mountains on
Sunday

Expressa:

permissão: May I come in?


May I open the window?
Possibilidade: It may rain tonight
May I close the door?

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PREFEITURA MUNICIPAL DE ARACAJU
FUNDAÇÃO MUNICIPAL DO TRABALHO
CURSO DE INGLÊS BÁSICO

CONVERSATION

A: Can you ride a bike?

B: Yes, I can

A: Can you play violin?

B: Yes, I can

A: Can you go to the cinema with me?

B: Sorry, I can’t. I have to study Science.

CONVERSATION

WAITER: May I help you Madam?

MADAM: Yes, I want vegetable soup, and fried fish.

WAITER: And what would you like to drink?

MADAM: Apple juice, please.

WAITER: Ok, may I order your dessert?

MADAM: Sure. Fruit salad.

WAITER: OK! I’ll bring your order right away

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PREFEITURA MUNICIPAL DE ARACAJU
FUNDAÇÃO MUNICIPAL DO TRABALHO
CURSO DE INGLÊS BÁSICO

WOULD LIKE

 É uma forma educada de falar, dizer o que quer ou o que quer fazer.

EX: I would like some information about hotels, please.

I would like to try on this jacket, please

 Também é usado para oferecer algo ou convidar alguém:

EX: Would you like a cup of coffee?

Would you like to come to the cinema with us tomorrow evening?

 Forma abreviada: I’d (I would)

CONVERSATION

JACK: Excuse me, Sir. Could you help me? I would like to go on a tour around the city.

ANDREW: Sure. At the Orion Tour Agency you can find many tour options.

JACK: Ok! Thanks. Would you mind making a reservation for me at a typical restaurant

for 8 o’clock tonight?

ANDREW: Not at all.

JACK: Now, I need to call the tour agency.

ANDREW: Would you like me to call them for you and ask about the tours.

JACK: Yes, please! That’s very kind of you!

ANDREW: It’s my pleasure

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PREFEITURA MUNICIPAL DE ARACAJU
FUNDAÇÃO MUNICIPAL DO TRABALHO
CURSO DE INGLÊS BÁSICO

USED TO

 Used to expressa um hábito passado que não ocorre mais.

Ex: He used to swim.

She didn’t use to study math.

Did you used to visit your parents?

He used to smoke when he was younger.

(He doesn’t smoke any more).

 Make your own sentences:

I Play soccer Once a week


You Be late During the school days
He Go to the movies Twice a week
She USED TO Swim A few years ago
It Work hard Every day
We Travel to Salvador Every weekend
You Be a manager Every morning
They Smoke

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PREFEITURA MUNICIPAL DE ARACAJU
FUNDAÇÃO MUNICIPAL DO TRABALHO
CURSO DE INGLÊS BÁSICO

TAG ENDINGS

 Tag endings são pequenas perguntas colocadas ao final das orações, para pedir uma
informação ou confirmação do que foi dito.

 Após uma oração afirmativa, usa-se o tag ending negativo.

EX: Mary is working, isn’t she?


Paul will travel, won’t he?
They work in the hotel, don’t they?
Tom washes the cars, doesn’t he?
Jane talked to the manager, didn’t she?

 Características gerais do tag ending:

a) Vem sempre após uma vírgula;


b) É sempre formado por um verbo auxiliar ou anômalo e um pronome;
c) A forma negativa aparece sempre abreviada.

 Quando a oração for negativa, o tag ending será afirmativo.

EX: She won’t arrive late, will she?


They weren’t hungry, were they?
I’m not late, am I?
You don’t go out every night, do you?
He didn’t cut his finger yesterday, did he?

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PREFEITURA MUNICIPAL DE ARACAJU
FUNDAÇÃO MUNICIPAL DO TRABALHO
CURSO DE INGLÊS BÁSICO

RELATIVE PRONOUNS

Relative
Use Example
Pronoun
Quem That's the man who won the Nobel Prize for
Literature.
who
Refere-se a
pessoas That's the girl who I kissed at the party

Que That's the car which I bought last year.


which
Refere-se a coisas This is the house which I lived last month

That's the man that won the Nobel Prize for


Substitui
Literature.
that
who e which
That's the car that I bought last year.

PRACTICE

An architect is someone Designs buildings


I don’t like stories That Have unhappy endings
That's the girl Who lives in Paris
That's the car Which broke down on the freeway
This is the topic I wrote about you

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PREFEITURA MUNICIPAL DE ARACAJU
FUNDAÇÃO MUNICIPAL DO TRABALHO
CURSO DE INGLÊS BÁSICO

MUSICS

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PREFEITURA MUNICIPAL DE ARACAJU
FUNDAÇÃO MUNICIPAL DO TRABALHO
CURSO DE INGLÊS BÁSICO

ELTON JOHN – SACRIFICE A-HA - YOU ARE THE ONE

It's a human sign You are the one who has done me
when things go wrong Guess you knew from the start
When the scent of her lingers I call again, but there's no one in
and temptation's strong Don't know where, with whom you've
been
Into the boundry But I do love you
of each married man Anyway you want me to
Sweet deceit comes callin'
and negativity lands You are the one...now the state I'm in!
Catching you was so hard
Cold cold heart I fought for you, did you let me win!?
hard done by you Don't even care, don't care
Some things look better baby Where I've been
just passing through But I do love you
Anyway you want me to
And it's no sacrifice
just a simple word I’ve done all I can do
It's two hearts living All the letters...I've sent through
in two separate worlds Put my life in the palms of your hands
But it's no sacrifice Maybe now you can see
no sacrifice That it's got to be me
It's no sacrifice at all But if you leave me
I'll understand, yeah
Mutual misunderstanding If you leave me, I'll understand
After the fact
Sensitivity builds a prison You are the one who has done me
In the final act Guess you knew from the start
I call your friends, but there's no one in
We lose direction Catching you is so hard
No stone unturned You are the one!
No tears to damn you
When jealousy burns
no sacrifice at all.

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PREFEITURA MUNICIPAL DE ARACAJU
FUNDAÇÃO MUNICIPAL DO TRABALHO
CURSO DE INGLÊS BÁSICO

ROXETTE – SPINDING MY TIME

What's the time? Seems it's already morning


I see the sky, it's so beautiful and blue
The tv's on, but the only thing showing
is a picture of you
Oh I get up and make myself some coffee
I try to read a book but the story's to thin
I thank the lord above that you're not here to see me
in the shape I'm in

Spending my time watching the days go by


Feeling so small I stare at the wall
hoping that you think of me too
I'm spending my time
I try to call but I don't know what to tell you
I leave a kiss on your answering machine
Oh help me please, is there someone who can make me
wake up from this dream?

Spending my time watching the days go by


Feeling so small I stare at the wall
hoping that you are missing of me too
I'm spending my time watching the sun go down
I fall asleep to the sound of "Tears of a Clown"
a prayer gone blind
I'm spending my time

My friends keep telling me: hey life will go on,


time will make sure I'll get over you.
This silly game of love
You play, you win only to lose.
Spending my time watching the days go by
Feeling so small I stare at the wall
hoping that you are missing of me too
I'm spending my time watching the sun go down
I fall asleep to the sound of "Tears of a Clown"
a prayer gone blind
I'm spending my time.....

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PREFEITURA MUNICIPAL DE ARACAJU
FUNDAÇÃO MUNICIPAL DO TRABALHO
CURSO DE INGLÊS BÁSICO

JIMMY CLIFF – I CAN SEE CLEARY NOW

I can see clearly now the rain is gone


I can see all obstacles in my way
Gone all the dark clouds that made me blind

It's gonna be a bright, (bright) bright, (bright) sun shiny day


It's gonna be a bright, (bright) bright, (bright) sun shiny day

Yes I can make it now the pain is gone,


All of the bad feelings have disappeared.
Here is the rainbow I have been praying for.

It's gonna be a bright, (bright) bright, (bright) sun shiny day


It's gonna be a bright, (bright) bright, (bright) sun shiny day

Look all around, there's nothing but blue skies


Look straight ahead, there's nothing but blue skiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiies .

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PREFEITURA MUNICIPAL DE ARACAJU
FUNDAÇÃO MUNICIPAL DO TRABALHO
CURSO DE INGLÊS BÁSICO

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PREFEITURA MUNICIPAL DE ARACAJU
FUNDAÇÃO MUNICIPAL DO TRABALHO
CURSO DE INGLÊS BÁSICO

LESSON 1

1. Put the sentences in the correct order to make sentences in the present continuous:

a) Listening – is – Allan – to – music.


_________________________________________________________________
b) Sarah – Richard – sleeping – are – and
_________________________________________________________________
c) Taylor – is – Ms. – Geography – teaching – classroom – the – in
_________________________________________________________________
d) Katherine – talking – to – is – Sayuri
_________________________________________________________________
e) History – studying – I’m – like – don’t – but – I – it
_________________________________________________________________

2. Put the sentences into the negative form.

a) The boys are writing letters


_________________________________________________________________
b) Karen is making a cake
_________________________________________________________________
c) The cat is running around the table
_________________________________________________________________
d) The secretary is buying popcorn
_________________________________________________________________
e) I am cutting apples to make a pie
_________________________________________________________________

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PREFEITURA MUNICIPAL DE ARACAJU
FUNDAÇÃO MUNICIPAL DO TRABALHO
CURSO DE INGLÊS BÁSICO

3. Put the sentences from exercise 2 into the interrogative form.

a) ________________________________________________________________
b) ________________________________________________________________
c) ________________________________________________________________
d) ________________________________________________________________
e) ________________________________________________________________

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PREFEITURA MUNICIPAL DE ARACAJU
FUNDAÇÃO MUNICIPAL DO TRABALHO
CURSO DE INGLÊS BÁSICO

LESSON 2

1. Supply the Past Continuous Tense of the verbs in parentheses.

a) They ______________________ (travel) to Japan when the accident happened


b) I _____________________________(walk) in the garden when I hurt my foot
c) I ________________(sing) while they __________________ (play) the guitar
d) When you arrived, I ________________________ (take) a bath
e) They ________________(travel) around the world when they lost their passports.

2. Find eight activities in this word hunt.

P L A Y I N G Q E R T T
Q S T A L K I N G W R R
S H O P P I N G W E R A
W G J K L U I T H U F V
A Z E S W I M M I N G E
N A O T T I G N D S E L
W A T C H I N G A T E I
A W S W A S F H G T E N
A D N S T U D Y I N G G
A D W A S H I N G S A T
3. Complete his sentences with the past continuous.

What was John doing


yesterday?

John _______________________ (work) in the office in the morning.


He __________________________________ (have a business meeting) with
partners in the afternoon. In the evening he _______________________________
(play soccer) with some friends. At 10:00 p.m. he __________________________
(eat) in a restaurant.

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PREFEITURA MUNICIPAL DE ARACAJU
FUNDAÇÃO MUNICIPAL DO TRABALHO
CURSO DE INGLÊS BÁSICO

LESSON 3

1. Imagine that you and your friends are planning a party. What are you going to
prepare? Write sentences using going to.

a) I’m going to buy some balloons.


b) _________________________________________________________________
c) _________________________________________________________________
d) _________________________________________________________________
e) _________________________________________________________________
f) _________________________________________________________________

2. Choose the correct alternative.

a) Donald (is going, is going to) meet me at 3 o’clock.


b) What (is, are) you going to do tomorrow?
c) I (am going to, am not going to) open the window because is very hot
d) Frank (is going, is going to) take his son to the game tonight
e) We (are going, are going to) wait for her at the airport

3. Put the verbs in parentheses into the going to (present) form.


a) Henry __________________________ (work) tomorrow morning
b) _______Jane ______________________ (play) volleyball with us?
c) Bob _____________________________ (write) a postcard from London.
d) We ___________________________ (give) Kelly a nice birthday present
e) ________ They _______________________________ (help) us or not?

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PREFEITURA MUNICIPAL DE ARACAJU
FUNDAÇÃO MUNICIPAL DO TRABALHO
CURSO DE INGLÊS BÁSICO

LESSON 4

1. Answer the questions. Use the words in parentheses.


a) What was he going to do? (work)
__________________________________________________________
b) What were you going to buy? (fruit)
__________________________________________________________
c) Where was he going to work? (in the library)
__________________________________________________________
d) Where was she going to go? (to Miami)
__________________________________________________________
e) What were they going to sell? (a house)
__________________________________________________________

2. Choose the correct alternative.


a) Doris and Bob (was, were) going to travel.
b) Where (was he, he was) going to buy those books?
c) I (was, was going) to talk to the president
d) Frank (was, were) going to study Italian
e) I (was going, was going to) wait for my mother at the airport

3. Put the verbs in parentheses into the going to (past) form.


a) She __________________________ (travel) by plane but she had no money
b) _______ He ______________________ (visit) them yesterday?
c) Bob _____________________________ (write) a letter to me.
d) We ___________________________ (give) him a present
e) ________ they _______________________________ (visit) us or not?

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PREFEITURA MUNICIPAL DE ARACAJU
FUNDAÇÃO MUNICIPAL DO TRABALHO
CURSO DE INGLÊS BÁSICO

LESSON 5

1. Change sentences to the negative and interrogative form.


a) She will make a cake
_____________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________
b) He will work hard
_____________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________
c) We will meet in the theater
_____________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________
d) I will pay the bill
_____________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________
e) Jane will see her boyfriend tomorrow
_____________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________

2. Answer the questions. Use the words in parentheses.


a) When will you travel? (in June)
____________________________________________________________
b) How will Tom travel? (by plane)
____________________________________________________________
c) What will she eat? (sandwich)
____________________________________________________________
d) Where will you walk? (in the park)
___________________________________________________________
e) When will they come? (next year)
___________________________________________________________

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PREFEITURA MUNICIPAL DE ARACAJU
FUNDAÇÃO MUNICIPAL DO TRABALHO
CURSO DE INGLÊS BÁSICO

3. Supply the future tense.


a) The girls (not talk) to you
_______________________________________________________
b) You (help) him?
_______________________________________________________
c) It (rain) tomorrow afternoon
_______________________________________________________
d) She (not be) there after dinner
_______________________________________________________
e) They (eat) vegetables in that restaurant
_______________________________________________________

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PREFEITURA MUNICIPAL DE ARACAJU
FUNDAÇÃO MUNICIPAL DO TRABALHO
CURSO DE INGLÊS BÁSICO

LESSON 6

1. Substitute the word alone. Use the reflexive pronouns idiomatically.


a) I want to do that work alone
___________________________________________________
b) Do you like to go to the cinema alone?
___________________________________________________
c) She did the exercises alone
___________________________________________________
d) Do you like to have breakfast alone?
____________________________________________________
e) We are walking in the park alone.
____________________________________________________

2. Supply the correct reflexive pronouns.


a) Can the kids dress _____________________?
b) We enjoy _____________________ at the party
c) You must protect ____________________ from the sun
d) The policeman _____________________ shot the thief
e) My neighbor _____________________ built his house
f) The old woman likes to live by ___________________
g) You ___________________ have to phone her
h) Who cut your hair for you? Nobody I cut _______________________

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PREFEITURA MUNICIPAL DE ARACAJU
FUNDAÇÃO MUNICIPAL DO TRABALHO
CURSO DE INGLÊS BÁSICO

LESSON 7

1. Complete these sentences using comparative form of the adjectives.

a) A Ferrari is ________________________ a golf (expensive)


b) Jim Carrey is ________________________ bill Clinton (funny)
c) Ronaldinho is ________________________ Romário (tall)
d) Gugu is _______________________ Faustão (thin)
e) Xuxa is ___________________________ Eliana (rich)

2. Think of the names of ten famous people and write them below.

TEN FAMOUS PEOPLE


________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________

Now write five sentences comparing some of the people. Use the comparative form of
adjectives or adverbs in your sentences

a) _________________________________________________________________
b) _________________________________________________________________
c) _________________________________________________________________
d) _________________________________________________________________
e) _________________________________________________________________
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PREFEITURA MUNICIPAL DE ARACAJU
FUNDAÇÃO MUNICIPAL DO TRABALHO
CURSO DE INGLÊS BÁSICO

3. Complete the sentences with the following adverbs:

Really – usually – here – ever – yesterday

a) Billy ___________________ writes poems to his girlfriend on her birthday


b) Have you _____________ seen a ghost?
c) Please, don’t put your feet ________________________
d) His car broke ___________________________
e) Do you ___________________ believe Mary is innocent?

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PREFEITURA MUNICIPAL DE ARACAJU
FUNDAÇÃO MUNICIPAL DO TRABALHO
CURSO DE INGLÊS BÁSICO

LESSON 8

1. Turn into the negative and interrogative forms:


a) They have washed many clothes
____________________________________________________________________
b) He has had a headache
____________________________________________________________________
c) You have learned Italian
____________________________________________________________________
d) She has painted many rooms
____________________________________________________________________
e) I have been to New York
____________________________________________________________________

2. Supply the simple past or the present perfect tense


a) We ____________________________ (finish) our exercise
b) Peter _________________________ (lost) his car keys
c) You ______________________ (spend) much money last night
d) They ________________________ (teach) us many new words
e) She _____________________ (meet) her parents last weekend

3. Supply since or for:


a) The bell has rung ___________ half an hour
b) It has rained ____________ two o’clock
c) They haven’t seen us ____________ last Saturday
d) You haven’t speak Portuguese _____________ last Christmas

4. Supply yet or already:


a) Have you _____________ invited her to the party?
b) We haven’t been to Mexico _________
c) Has she been to China _________?
d) They have _____________ talked to me

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PREFEITURA MUNICIPAL DE ARACAJU
FUNDAÇÃO MUNICIPAL DO TRABALHO
CURSO DE INGLÊS BÁSICO

5. Supply the correct answer. Use the following verb forms:

Have drunk – has slept – ate – have seen – spoke

a) The cat _____________________ in the garden many times


b) You _____________________ to the manager last night
c) We ________________________ much beer
d) Where __________ you ___________ her?
e) Somebody ______________ my sandwich last week

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PREFEITURA MUNICIPAL DE ARACAJU
FUNDAÇÃO MUNICIPAL DO TRABALHO
CURSO DE INGLÊS BÁSICO

LESSON 9

1. Rewrite the sentences using can. The resulting sentences will express ability,
possibility or permission.
a) He speaks English
____________________________________________________________________
b) We walk to the park in the afternoon
____________________________________________________________________
c) You write beautiful letters
____________________________________________________________________
d) The bellboy play tennis
____________________________________________________________________

2. Write questions asking permission. Use may. Then answer the questions in both
affirmative and negative forms:
a) Carry your bags
____________________________________________________________________
Aff. _________________________________ Neg. __________________________
b) Help you
____________________________________________________________________
Aff. _________________________________ Neg. __________________________
c) Call you in the morning
____________________________________________________________________
Aff. _________________________________ Neg. __________________________
d) Have dinner earlier
____________________________________________________________________
Aff. _________________________________ Neg. __________________________

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PREFEITURA MUNICIPAL DE ARACAJU
FUNDAÇÃO MUNICIPAL DO TRABALHO
CURSO DE INGLÊS BÁSICO

LESSON 10

1. What would you like to do? Fill in the box with your ideas. We have written two
examples for you:

 I would like to go to the beach every weekend


 I would like to get a job






2. Read the text about teenagers:

Understanding teenagers

Teenagers have always wanted to show how different they are from their parents
and more importantly than their older brothers and sisters. If one generation had long hair
and wide pants, another generation may prefer short hair and narrow pants. In the modern
world teenagers have access to television, films, CDs, DVDs and the Internet. In this way,
they have contact with other teenagers all over the world and they can discover the latest
fashions. Teenagers like to imitate the people they admire, such as pop or sports stars.
Now, answer the questions:

a) What have teenager always wanted to do?


____________________________________________________________________
b) What types of fashion are mentioned in the text?
____________________________________________________________________
c) What do teenagers have access to in the modern world?
____________________________________________________________________
d) Who do teenagers like to imitate?
____________________________________________________________________

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PREFEITURA MUNICIPAL DE ARACAJU
FUNDAÇÃO MUNICIPAL DO TRABALHO
CURSO DE INGLÊS BÁSICO

LESSON 11

1. Complete the sentences with used to:

a) The baby doesn’t cry now but she _____________________ every night
b) We live in Aracaju now but we ________________________ in Salvador
c) When I was a child I ___________________ ice-cream, but I don’t like it now
d) Now there is one shop here but there ________________________ three

2. This time you have to write some sentences about a man who changed his life-style.
Daniel stopped doing some things and started doing other things:

- study hard
STOP - go to bed early
- run three miles every morning

- smoke
START - go out every evening
- spend a lot of money
- sleep late

Exemple: He used to study hard


He didn’t used to smoke

________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________
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PREFEITURA MUNICIPAL DE ARACAJU
FUNDAÇÃO MUNICIPAL DO TRABALHO
CURSO DE INGLÊS BÁSICO

LESSON 12

1. Supply the correct tag endings:

a) She isn’t your mother, ___________?


b) Jane doesn’t like coffee, _____________?
c) We weren’t thirsty, _______________?
d) The boys haven’t called _______________?
e) Se is late, _____________?
f) You don’t believe him, _____________?
g) The children are looking for me, ______________?
h) The cat is sleeping now, _____________?
i) She goes shopping every week, _______________?
j) You love her, ___________?

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PREFEITURA MUNICIPAL DE ARACAJU
FUNDAÇÃO MUNICIPAL DO TRABALHO
CURSO DE INGLÊS BÁSICO

LESSON 13

1. Choose the correct alternatives:

a) The men (who, which) is behind me is my father


b) That is girl (which, that) I saw at the club
c) The book (who, which) you lent me is very interesting
d) The dogs (that, who) entered the hotel are mine
e) The apple (which, that) I ate wasn’t good

2. Supply who or which:

a) The boy _____________________ I met was the receptionist


b) The woman ___________________ I saw was the personal trainer
c) The letter ___________________ we received today came from England
d) The flowers _______________ you bought are very beautiful
e) The skirt _______________ she is wearing is very expensive

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PREFEITURA MUNICIPAL DE ARACAJU
FUNDAÇÃO MUNICIPAL DO TRABALHO
CURSO DE INGLÊS BÁSICO

LIST OF VERBS

Base Form Past Tense Past Participle Portuguese Translation


To arrive arrived arrived chegar
To ask asked asked perguntar
To be was, were been ser, estar
To become became become tornar-se
To begin began begun começar
To believe believed believed acreditar
To bet bet bet apostar
To break broke broken quebrar
To bring brought brought trazer
To build built built construir
To buy bought bought comprar
To can could could poder
To call called called Chamar, convidar, telefonar
To carry carried carried carregar
To change changed changed Mudar, trocar
To choose chose chosen escolher
To clean cleaned cleaned limpar
To close closed closed fechar
To come came come vir
To cook cooked cooked cozinhar
To cost cost cost custar
To cry cried cried chorar
To cut cut cut cortar
To do did done fazer **
To draw drew drawn tracionar, desenhar **
To drink drank drunk beber
To drive drove driven dirigir, ir de carro
To eat ate eaten comer
To enjoy enjoyed enjoyed adorar
To fall fell fallen cair
To feel felt felt sentir, sentir-se
To fight fought fought lutar
To find found found achar, encontrar
Ti finish finished finished acabar, concluir
To fly flew flown voar, pilotar
To forget forgot forgot, forgotten esquecer
To forgive forgave forgiven perdoar
To get got gotten, got obter **
To give gave given dar
To go went gone ir
To have had had ter, beber, comer
To help helped helped ajudar
To hurt hurt hurt machucar
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PREFEITURA MUNICIPAL DE ARACAJU
FUNDAÇÃO MUNICIPAL DO TRABALHO
CURSO DE INGLÊS BÁSICO

To invite invited invited convidar


To kiss kissed kissed beijar
To know knew known saber, conhecer
To learn learnt learnt aprender
To leave left left deixar, partir
To lend lent lent dar emprestado
To let let let deixar, alugar
To like liked liked gostar de
To linsten to listened to listened to ouvir
To live lived lived Morar, viver
To look looked looked olhar
To lose lost lost perder, extraviar
To love loved loved amar
To make made made fazer, fabricar **
To meet met met encontrar, conhecer
To need needed needed precisar
To open opened opened abrir
To order ordered ordered ordenar
To paint painted painted pintar
To Pay paid paid pagar
To play played played Brincar, Jogar, tocar
To prepare prepared prepared preparar
To Put put put colocar
To rain rained rained chover
To read read read ler
To remember remembered remembered Lembrar-se
To ride rode ridden andar
To ring rang rung tocar (campainha, etc.)
To run ran run correr, concorrer, dirigir
To say said said dizer
To see saw seen ver
To sell sold sold vener
To send sent sent mandr
To set set set marcar, ajustar **
To shoot shot shot atirar, alvejar
To show showed shown mostrar, exibir
To sing sang sung cantar
To sit sat sat sentar
To sleep slept slept dormir
To smoke smoked smoked fumar
To speak spoke spoken falar
To spend spent spent gastar
To stand stood stood parar de pé, agüentar
To stay stayed stayed ficar
To start started started começar
To stop stoped stoped parar
To study studied studied estudar

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To swear swore sworn jurar, prometer, assegurar


To swim swam swum nadar
To take took taken tomar **
To talk talked talked conversar
To teach taught taught ensinar, dar aula
To tell told told contar
To think thought thought pensar
To travel traveled traveled viajar
To try tried tried tentar
To understand understood understood entender
To visit visited visited visitar
To wait waited waited esperar
To walk walked walked Caminhar, andar
To want wanted wanted querer
To wash washed washed lavar
To watch watched watched assistir
To wear wore worn vestir, usar, gastar
To win won won vencer, ganhar
To work worked worked trabalhar
To write wrote written escrever, redigir

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TRADUÇÃO

Sacrifício – Elton John


Você é a Única
É um gesto humano
Quando as coisas dão errado Você é a única que tem me enganado
Quando o cheiro dela se demora Acho que você sabia desde o começo
E a tentação é forte Eu telefono novamente, mas não há
Dentro dos limites ninguém
De cada homem casado Não sei onde, com quem você esteve
O doce engano vem chamando Mas eu te amo
E a negatividade pousa De qualquer maneira que me queira

Refrão: Você é a única... e agora essa situação


Frio, coração frio em que estou!
Endurecido por você Te capturar foi tão difícil
Algo parece melhor, meu bem Eu briguei por você, você me deixou
Apenas de passagem vencer!?
E não é nenhum sacrifício, apenas uma Você se quer se importa, você não se
simples palavra importa
São dois corações vivendo em dois Onde eu estive
mundos separados Mas eu amo você
Mas não é nenhum sacrifício, nenhum De qualquer maneira que me queira
sacrifício
Não é nenhum sacrifício mesmo Eu tenho feito tudo que posso,
Todas as cartas que enviei
Desentendimento mútuo Colocuei minha vida nas palmas das
Depois do fato suas mãos
A sensibilidade constrói uma prisão Talvez agora você possa ver
No ato final Que isto tem que ser meu
Nós perdemos a direção Mas se você me abandonar
Tudo possível tentado Eu entenderei, yeah
Nenhuma lágrima desponta quando o Se você me abandonar, eu entenderei
ciúme queima
Você é a única que tem me enganado
Repete refrão 3x Acho que você sabia desde o começo
Eu telefono novamente, mas não há
Nenhum sacrifício mesmo (4x) ninguém
Te capturar é tão difícil
Você é a única!

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Perdendo meu Tempo - Roxette


Que horas são? Parece que já amanheceu.
Eu vejo o céu, está tão bonito e azul
A tv está ligada, mas única coisa que aparece é uma foto sua
Oh, eu levanto e faço o café
Eu tento ler um pouco, mas a história é tão pobre
Eu agradeço a Deus nos céus
Por você não estar aqui para me ver do jeito que estou

Perdendo meu tempo


Vendo os dias passarem
Me sentindo tão pequena
Olho fixo na parede
Esperando que você pense em mim também
Perdendo meu tempo

Eu tento ligar
Mas não sei o que lhe dizer
Deixo um beijo na sua secretária eletrônica
Oh, me ajude, por favor
Existe alguém que possa me fazer acordar deste sonho?

Perdendo meu tempo


Vendo os dias passarem
Me sentindo tão pequena
Olho fixo na parede
Esperando que você esteja sentindo minha falta também
Perdendo meu tempo
Vendo o pôr-do-sol
Eu caio no sono
Ao som de "Lágrimas de um Palhaço"
Um desejo me cegou
Estou perdendo meu tempo

Meus amigos ficam me dizendo: "Ei, a vida continua"


E que o tempo certamente me fará superar você
Este estúpido jogo do amor
Você joga, você vence só para perder

Estou perdendo meu tempo...

Não posso viver sem seu amor


É ruim viver sem você, meu doce, meu doce, meu doce.

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Eu posso ver claramente agora – jimmy Cliff

Eu posso ver claramente agora, a chuva se foi


Eu posso ver todos os obstáculos no meu caminho
As nuvens pretas que me deixavam cego já foram
Será um brilhante, um brilhante dia de sol
Será um brilhante, um brilhante dia de sol

Oh sim, eu posso ver agora que a dor se foi


Todos os sentimentos ruim desapareceram
Aqui está o arco-íris, que tanto rezei
Será um brilhante, um brilhante dia de sol

Olhe ao redor, não há nada além do céu azul


Olhe bem à frente, não há nada além do céu azul

Eu posso ver claramente agora, a chuva se foi


Posso ver todos os obstáculos no meu caminho
Aqui está o arco-íris, que tanto rezei
Vai ser um brilhante, um brilhante dia de sol
Vai ser um brilhante, um brilhante dia de sol
Verdadeiro...brilhante, brilhante dia de sol
Sim, ei, vai ser um brilhante, um brilhante dia de sol

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REFERÊNCIAS BIBLIOGRÁFICAS

AMOS – PRESCHER. Simplified Grammar Book. Aquarius. Ed: Moderna, 1996.

CANESI, Eliete Morino. BRUGIN, Rita de Faria. Hello – Stage 6 – São Paulo, SP: Ática,
2001.

CANESI, Eliete Morino. BRUGIN, Rita de Faria. Hello – Stage 7 – São Paulo, SP: Ática,
2001.

CANESI, Eliete Morino. BRUGIN, Rita de Faria. Hello – Stage 8 – São Paulo, SP: Ática,
2001.

CONRAD, David – Minidicionário Escolar Inglês: inglês – português, português – inglês.


São Paulo, SP: DCL, 2005.

LETHABY, Carol. Skyline 2. Margarita Matte. Macmillan, 2001.

MURPHY, Raymond. English Grammar in Use. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press,


1993.

PINK AND BLUE, Copyright. English – book 5 – São Paulo, SP: Pink and Blue

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