11 views

Uploaded by Gusmar

TEKNIK EKPLOTASI GAS BUMI

- 5 Off Design Performance 111 (1)
- Chem111.1 Exer8-Sample Calc.v1
- Chem Chapter 14 LEC
- deaerator Construction
- worksheet_07.pdf
- Natural Gas Fundamentals
- Chemistry(1) Laws&Equations
- Chapter 3
- Auditors
- DMfSD Book 2015.pdf
- SubseaGasPipeline (1)
- Production From Gas Hydrates
- ARMA 2011 Final
- Analysis of Mass Transfer Modeling Vapor Liquid Equilibrium in Scrubbing Retort of Gas Fb4adfbc0a
- Producer Gas Book
- Brochure 2010
- UBE Separation Membrane - BioGas Customer
- su3c6 by adel khamis
- Fossil Fuel Generation
- Gas-Liquid System

You are on page 1of 103

BUMI

Jan Friadi Sinaga

This lecture will cover...

Real gas laws and equation of states;

Thermodynamics characteristics of natural gases, natural gas types

based on phase diagram;

Initial gas in place, reserves and recovery factor; volumetric and

material balance methods;

Gas condensate reservoirs;

Real gas flow through porous media;

Gas deliverability;

Vertical and horizontal gas flow performance;

Natural gas measurements and compressions;

Optimum gas field development;

Underground storage;

Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG), Liquified Petroleum Gas (LPG), Gas to

Liquid (GTL), Gas to Solid (GTS); unconventional gases (Coalbed

Methane and Gas Hydrates)

Our references...

1. Ikoku, C.U.: ―Natural Gas Reservoir

Engineering‖, John Willey, 1984

2. Katz, D.L. and Lee, R.L.: ―Natural Gas

Engineering‖ , McGraw-Hill Publishing

Company, 1990

3. Etc.

Rules

• This class consists of 16 meetings

(includes 2 evaluations)

• Minimum attendance: 13

• No more than 30 minutes late

• Keep calm and be quiet during the

sessions

Grading......

• Homework : 20% A : 80 - 100

• Quiz : 20% B : 65 - 79

C : 55 - 64

• Mid test : 30% D : 41 - 54

• Final test : 30% E : 0 - 40

For next week...

• Read Ikoku: Chapter 1 & 2

Introduction

• Natural gas is a mixture of hydrocarbon

gases and impurities

– HC : Mostly a mixture of methane and ethane

– Impurities: CO2, H2S, N

Ideal Gas

Boyle’s Law

The Perfect Gas Laws

Boyle’s Law:

𝑉 ∝ 1/𝑃 or PV = Constant (1)

𝑉 ∝ 𝑇 or V/T = Constant (2)

o Rankine = (o R) = o F + 460)

o Kelvin = (o K) = o C + 273) (3)

According to Charles’Law, if the volume of a

given quantity of gas at constant pressure is

plotted as a function of the absolute

temperature, a straight line will result.

Step 1

(V1P1T1) (V P2 T1)

T1 = Constant

Step P2 = Constant

2

(V2P2T2)

P1V1 = P2V or V = P1V1/P2

V/T1 = V2/T2 or V = V2T1/T2

(4)

constant

Avogadro’s Law

Under the same conditions of temperature

and pressure, equal volumes of all perfect

gases contain the same number of

molecules.

Standard Conditions :

60o F and 14.7 Psia

If we combine Boyle’s Law and Charles’ Law

with Avogadro’s Law and considers one

molecular weight of gas, eq. 4 becomes:

PV/T = R

R : constant, same value for all gases. For n

moles of gas this equations becomes

PV = nRT (5)

Wt

𝑃𝑉 = 𝑅𝑇 (6)

MW

Value of the Gas Constant

P V T n R

o 𝑔𝑟𝑎𝑚𝑠

atm liters K 0.0821

𝑀𝑊

o 𝑔𝑟𝑎𝑚𝑠

atm cc K 82.1

𝑀𝑊

psia cu ft o R 𝑙𝑏 10.72

𝑀𝑊

psfa cu ft o R 𝑙𝑏 1544

𝑀𝑊

1) Rework this table to

get the value of R for

each unit system!

Example

Four pounds of methane are placed in a tank at 60o

F. If the pressure on the tank is 100 psia what is the

volume of the tank?

PV = nRT

4

𝑛𝑅𝑇 16

𝑥10.72𝑥(460:60)

𝑉= = =13.95 cu ft

𝑃 100

n : lb moles

T :oR

P : psia

V : cu ft

The Density of a Perfect Gas

𝑊𝑡

Density =

𝑉

𝑊𝑡 𝑀𝑊𝑥𝑃

= = 𝐷𝑒𝑛𝑠𝑖𝑡𝑦 = 𝐷𝑔

𝑉 𝑅𝑇

𝐷𝑔 : lb/cu ft.

R : 10.72

N : lb moles

T :oR

P : psia

Gas Mixtures

𝑊𝑡𝑖

%𝑊𝑒𝑖𝑔𝑡𝑖 = 𝑥100

𝑊𝑡

𝑉𝑖

𝑉𝑜𝑙𝑢𝑚𝑒 %𝑖 = 𝑥100

𝑉𝑖

𝑛𝑖

𝑀𝑜𝑙𝑒 %𝑖 = 𝑥100

𝑛𝑖

𝑛𝑖

𝑦𝑖 =

𝑛𝑖

Gas Mixtures

• The mole fraction represents the fraction of

molecules in the system of a given kind (i.e.

one mole of any gas contains the same

number of molecules.

• For example, suppose a system contains one

mole of CH4 and two moles of C2H6. In this

system the mole fraction of CH4 is 1/3 and

that of C2H6 is 2/3.

• It is also true that 1/3 of the molecules are

CH4 molecules and 2/3 are C2H6 molecules.

Relationship between Mole % and

Volume %

• If each gas in a mixture obeys Avogadro’s

Law, the volume of the i-th component

would be proportional to the number of

moles of the i-th component.

Vi ∞ ni or Vi = kni

k : proportionality constant

Relationship between Mole % and

Volume %

Substituting Vi to the definition of Volume

𝑉𝑖 𝑘𝑖 𝑛𝑖

𝑉𝑜𝑙𝑢𝑚𝑒 %𝑖 = 𝑥100 = 𝑥100 = 𝑥100

𝑉𝑖 𝑘𝑛𝑖 𝑛𝑖

= (Mole %)

volume% and mole % are equivalent.

Relationship between Weight %

and Mole % (or Volume %)

Relationship between Weight %

and Mole % (or Volume %)

The Concept of Apparent Molecular

Weight

• A gas mixture behaves as though it had a

definite molecular weight.

• The weight of gas mixture at 60o F and

14.7 psia is called the apparent molecular

weight.

• The gas mixture behaves as though it

were a pure gas whose molecular weight

was equal to the apparent molecular

weight.

The Concept of Apparent Molecular

Weight

AMW = ∑ (yi x MWi)

mixture.

of a gas mixture consisting of three moles of methane,

one mole of ethane and one mole of propane.

The Concept of Apparent Molecular

Weight

Component Mole

Fraction

Nitrogen (N2) 0.78

Oxygen (O2) 0.21

Argon (A) 0.01

Composition of Dry Air

AMW = 28.96 or 29

Specific Gravity of a Gas

• Specific gravity if defined as the ratio of the density

of a substance to the density of some standard

substance.

• In the case of liquids and solids, water is usually

taken as the standard reference material The

temperature and pressure of the reference

substance should always be specified (usually at

60o F and 1 atm).

• The standard reference material for gases is dry air

and its density is taken at the same temperature and

pressure for which the density of the gas is given.

Specific Gravity of a Gas

The specific gravity of a gas is defined as

𝐷𝑔

S. G. =

𝐷𝑎

For a perfect gas:

𝑀𝑊 𝑥 𝑃

𝐷𝑔 =

𝑅𝑇

Assuming that the gas and air are both perfect gases:

𝐷𝑔 𝑀𝑊 𝑥 𝑃/𝑅𝑇 𝑀𝑊

S. G. = = =

𝐷𝑎 𝐴𝑀𝑊𝑎 𝑥 𝑃/𝑅𝑇 29

𝐴𝑀𝑊

S. G. =

29

Dalton’s Law of Partial Pressures

In a mixture of gases, each gas exerts a partial pressure

equal to the pressure it would exert if it alone were

present in the volume occupied by the mixture.

𝑅𝑇

𝑃 = 𝑛𝑖

𝑉

𝑅𝑇

𝑃𝑖 = 𝑛𝑖

𝑉

ni : mole of component i

Pi : partial pressure of component i

Dalton’s Law of Partial Pressures

𝑃𝑖 𝑛𝑖

= = 𝑦𝑖 or 𝑃𝑖 = 𝑦𝑖 𝑥 𝑃

𝑃 𝑛𝑖

given by the product of its mole fraction and

the total pressure.

ni : mole of component i

Pi : partial pressure of component i

NON-PERFECT GASES

• Actual gases approach perfect gas behavior

at high temperatures and low pressures.

• In a perfect gas the molecules are assumed

to be negligible volume (compared to the

volume of the gas) and to exert no attractive

forces on one another.

• Van der Waals equation attempts to modify

the general gas law so that it will be

applicable to non-perfect gases.

The Behavior of Non-Perfect

Gases

The equation for one mole of a single, pure gas:

𝑎

𝑃+ 2 𝑉 − 𝑏 = 𝑅𝑇

𝑉

molecules

• The constant b represents the volume of the

molecules, and it is subtracted from V since the

actual volume of space available to the gas is less

than the overall volume of the gas.

The Behavior of Non-Perfect

Gases

𝑎

𝑃+ 2 𝑉 − 𝑏 = 𝑅𝑇

𝑉

temperatures), it is obvious that Van der

Waals’ equation reduces to the general

gas law

PV = RT

The Behavior of Non-Perfect Gas

0.08205

The Behavior of Non-Perfect Gas

• If n moles of gas are involved, the equation

becomes:

𝑛2 𝑎

𝑃 + 2 𝑉 − 𝑛𝑏 = 𝑛𝑅𝑇

𝑉

• The values of constants a and b can also be

estimated from critical data (a = 3PoVo2 and b =

Vo/3; Po and Vo are the critical pressure and

critical volume respectively.

The Compressibility Factor

• For an imperfect gas one can write the

general gas law in the form:

PV = ZnRT

Z is known as the compressibility factor (at T

& P)

For a perfect gas, Z = 1

For an imperfect gas, Z > 1 or Z<1,

depending on the pressure and temperature.

Typical plot of the Z factor as a function

of pressure at constant temperature

Law of Corresponding States: At the same

reduced temperature and pressure, all HC

have the same value of Z.

𝑃 𝑇

𝑃𝑅 = and 𝑇𝑅 =

𝑃𝑐 𝑇𝑐

Tc is the critical temperature

Pc is the critical pressure

Table 5. Physical properties of the

Constituents of Natural Gas

Fig. 9. Z factors for pure

hydrocarbon gases as a

function of reduced pressure

and temperature. (Brown et.

al., 1948)

Example

Calculate the volume of 10 lb of ethane at 145o F and 1068 psia.

The critical pressure for ethane is 712 psia and its critical temperature

is 549o R (Table).

𝑃𝑅 = = = 1.50 𝑇𝑅 = = = 1.10

𝑃𝑐 712 𝑇𝑐 549

pressure. Therefore,

10

𝑍𝑛𝑅𝑇 0.460𝑥 𝑥10.72𝑥(460 + 145)

𝑉= = 30 = 0.930 𝑐𝑢 𝑓𝑡

𝑃 1068

Fig. 10. Z factor for

natural gases

(Standing and Katz,

1942)

Gas Mixtures

Pseudo-critical pressure = 𝑃𝑐 = 𝑦𝑖 𝑥𝑃𝑐𝑖

Example

Example: A gas consists of 16 lb of methane and 7 1/2 lb of ethane.

Calculate Z at 0o F and 1000 psia.

n of methane = 1 mole

n of ethane = 0.25 mole

Mole fraction of methane and ethane = 0.80 and 0.20 respectively.

Pc for methane = 673

Pc for ethane = 712

Tc for methane = 344o R

Tc for ethane = 549o R

𝑃𝑐 = 𝑦𝑖 𝑥𝑃𝑐𝑖 = 0.8𝑥673 + 0.2𝑥712 = 680.8 𝑝𝑠𝑖𝑎

𝑇𝑐 = 𝑦𝑖 𝑥𝑇𝑐𝑖 = 0.8𝑥344 + 0.2𝑥549 = 385.0𝑜 𝑅

𝑃 1000 𝑇 460

𝑃𝑅 = = = 1.47 and 𝑇𝑅 = = =1.19

𝑃𝑐 680.8 𝑇𝑐 385

Notes:

This method which is based on the Law of

Corresponding States should not be applied

with confidence to gases which contain

relatively large amount of non-hydrocarbon

gases.

• To apply the above method to mixtures, it is

necessary to know the gas composition in

order to calculate the pseud-criticals.

• If data on the composition are not available, it

is still possible to approximate a value for Z if

the specific gravity of the gas is known.

• This method is not as accurate as the

preceding method and should not be

employed if the composition of the gas

mixture is known.

SG vs pseudo-critical pressure

SG vs pseudo-critical temperature

Example

Estimate the Z factor for a 0.800 SG gas at

1390 psia and 98o F.

and temperature are found to be 662 psia and 413o R

respectively. The pseud-reduced pressure and

temperature are:

𝑃 460:98

𝑃𝑅 = = 2.1 and 𝑇𝑅 = = 1.35

𝑃𝑐 413

The Z factor is obtained from Figure 10 and found to

be 0.72.

Calculate the pressure of 15 lb of ethane in

a one cu ft tank at temperature of 140o F.

𝑃𝑉 𝑃𝑥1

𝑍= = = 0.00031𝑃

𝑛𝑅𝑇 0.5𝑥10.72𝑥(460 + 140)

If this equation if plotted on Figure 7 a straight line, through the

origin, results whose slope is 0.00031. The required is given by

the point of intersection of this straight line and the curve of Z

versus P at a temperature of 140o F. The required pressure in

this case would be 1265 psia.

Compressibility

factors for

ethane, (Brown

et. al.,1946)

More example

Calculate the pressure of 0.333 moles of a gas mixture in a one cu ft

tank at a temperature of 190o F if the pseudo-critical temperature and

pressure of the mixture are 500o R and 700 psia, respectively.

650

𝑇𝑅 = = 1.30

500

𝑃

𝑃𝑅 = or 𝑃 = 700𝑃𝑅

700

𝑃𝑉 700𝑃𝑅 𝑥1

𝑍= = = 0.302𝑃𝑅

𝑛𝑅𝑇 0.333𝑥10.72𝑥(460 + 190)

versus PR for TR = 1.30 at PR =2.2. Consequently, P = 2.2x700 = 1.540

psia. A similar method of solution can be employed to calculate the

temperature of a gas at a given pressure and volume.

Kompresibilitas Isothermal Gas

• Definisi

tekanan P = PA

Kompresibilitas Isothermal Gas

Berapakah Cg pada (PA, TA)?

Kompresibilitas Isothermal (Cg)

Kompresibilitas Isothermal

• Dengan persamaan gas ideal

Kompresibilitas Isothermal

• Dengan persamaan gas real

Faktor Volum Formasi Gas

• Volume gas pada kondisi reservoir yang diperlukan

untuk menghasilkan 1 scf gas di permukaan.

Faktor Volum Formasi Gas

PR #1

• Buat ringkasan (tulis tangan) mengenai

perhitungan cadangan gas dengan

metode:

– Volumetrik

– Material Balance

– Pressure Decline Curve p/z

kerapian penulisan!

Kuis

1. Hitunglah PR (reduced pressure) dan TR (reduced temperature) dari

10 lb ethana pada 1xxoF dan 10xxo psia.

2. Hitunglah PR (reduced pressure) dan TR (reduced temperature)

untuk suatu campuran gas yang terdiri dari 35 lb methana 20 lb

ethana dan 15 lb propana, pada suhu 60o F and 10xx psia.

Note: XX = dua angka terakhir NIM Anda

ESTIMATION OF GAS RESERVES

• Natural gas reservoir

– Exist wholly as a vapor phase at P ≤ Pi

– Do not undergo phase change upon pressure

reduction

– Constant composition fluid

– Gp

– Non-associated gas, associated gas,

dissolved gas

Reserve Estimation Methods

• Volumetric Equation

• Material Balance Equation

• Straight Line MBE (Havlena & Odeh)

• Pressure Decline Curve (P/z)

GAS IN PLACE BY VOLUMETRIC

EQUATION

Data:

• Reservoir rock volume (VB)

• Reservoir pore volume (ϕ)

• Initial gas saturation (1 – Swi)

• Volume ratio (Bgi)

GAS IN PLACE BY VOLUMETRIC

EQUATION

Contoh 1

Perkirakan Isi Awal Gas di tempat untuk reservoir dengan

luas 2550 acre, ketebalan 50 ft, porositas 20%, saturasi air

20%, temperatur reservoar 186 oF dan tekanan 2651 psia.

Jawab:

(2561)(520)

𝐺 = (43560)(2550)(50)(0.2)(1 − 0.2)

(0,880)(14.7)(646)

𝐺 = 146588 𝑀𝑀𝑆𝐶𝐹

MATERIAL BALANCE EQUATION

Asumsi:

• Reservoir dianggap sebagai model satu tanki yang

mempunyai volume tetap

• Perubahan tekanan yang terjadi akan disebarkan

secara merata ke seluruh reservoir

• Data PVT tersedia dan mewakili untuk reservoir

yang bersangkutan

• Data sejarah produksi dan tekanan tersedia

• Perubahan saturasi air sisa terhadap tekanan, dan

perubahan porositas terhadap tekanan selama

terjadinya penurunan tekanan reservoir dapat

diabaikan

𝒎 𝒑 = 𝒎𝒊 − 𝒎

𝒏𝒑 = 𝒏𝒊 − 𝒏

The gas volumes are proportional to masses and moles (constant composition)

Material Balance Eq

Misalkan 𝑉𝑖 = volume (bbl) hidrokarbon pada tekanan 𝑝𝑖 ,

sejumlah 𝐺𝑝 (scf) gas dan 𝑊𝑝 (STB) air telah diproduksi di

permukaan, sejumlah 𝑊𝑒 (bbl) air telah masuk ke dalam

reservoir, dan volume gas sisa di reservoir adalah 𝑉 (bbl).

𝑽𝒊 = 𝑽 + 𝑾 𝒆 − 𝑾 𝒑 𝑩 𝒘

Atau 𝑽 = 𝑽𝒊 − 𝑾 𝒆 + 𝑾 𝒑 𝑩 𝒘

𝐵𝑤 : bbl/STB

RESERVES AND RESERVOIR

PERFORMANCE PREDICTIONS

• Gas in place:

– Comparison with other fields

– Volumetric estimation

– Decline Curve

• Recoverable reserves

– Abandonment pressure

Volumetric Estimates

Volumetric reservoir (no water influx or water production):

For closed gas reservoir:

For water-drive reservoirs:

Example 1.2

Data:

Area = 640 acres

Net effective pay, h = 30 ft

Porosity = 15%

Interstitial water saturation, Swi = 30%

Initial pressure, Pi = 3000 psia

Reservoir temperature = 150 oF

Abandonment pressure, Pa = 500 psia

Gas S.G = 0.60

Base T & P = 60oF and 14.65 psia

Estimate gas reserve!

Step 1 – Calculation of Bgi, z, Tpc, Ppc

Tpc = 385oR

z = 0.83 (grafik

Standing & Katz)

Step 2 – Calculation of recovery factor, Eg

Step 3 – Calculation of reserve in scf/acre-ft

Recap

𝐺 𝐵𝑔 ;𝐵𝑔𝑖 :𝑊𝑒 :𝑊𝑝 𝐵𝑤

𝐺𝑝 =

𝐵𝑔

𝑍𝑏 𝑇𝑏 𝑉𝑖 + 𝑊𝑝 𝐵𝑤 𝑃𝑖 𝑃

𝐺𝑝 = 5.615 ( − )

𝑃𝑏 𝑇 𝑍𝑖 𝑍

𝐺 𝐵𝑔 − 𝐵𝑔𝑖

𝐺𝑝 =

𝐵𝑔

Metode Straight Line MBE

(Havlena & Odeh)

𝐺𝑝 𝐵𝑔 = 𝐺 𝐵𝑔 − 𝐵𝑔𝑖

Metoda P/Z versus Gp

• Prinsip kesetimbangan massa atau mol gas

• Data: Gp, P

• pV = Z n RT

• Vi = G Bgi

Metoda P/Z versus Gp

• Tf = temperatur formasi

• Pi = tekanan awal reservoar

• Tsc = temperatur pada keadaan standar

• Psc = tekanan pada keadaan standar

Metoda P/Z versus Gp

• Plot P/Z vs Gp 𝑅𝑒𝑐𝑜𝑣𝑒𝑟𝑦 𝐹𝑎𝑐𝑡𝑜𝑟:

𝑃 𝑃𝑖 𝐺𝑝

= (1 − )

𝑍 𝑍𝑖 𝐺

Metoda P/Z versus Gp

• Dengan perembesan air:

We = C ∑ QD ΔP

C = konstanta perembesan air

Metoda P/Z versus Gp

• Plot (GpBg + WpBw)/(Bg-Bgi) vs C ∑ QD ΔP/(Bg – Bgi)

G, We

Latihan

Tentukan Isi Awal Gas di tempat pada suatu reservoar gas yang

tertutup, dimana reservoar tersebut telah berproduksi sebanyak 500

MMSCF. Tekanan reservoir telah turun menjadi 2800 psia dari tekanan

awal 3000 psia. Temperatur reservoar adalah 150 oF dan spesifik

gravity gas 0.60

Asumsi:

Pada P = 3000 psia & SG = 0.60, Z = 0.88

Pada P = 2800 psia & SG = 0.60, Z = 0.85

𝐺 𝐵𝑔 − 𝐵𝑔𝑖

𝐺𝑝 =

𝐵𝑔

0.00504 𝑥 𝑍 𝑇

𝐵𝑔 = , bbl/scf

𝑃

Untuk P = 3000 psia,

0.00504𝑥0.88𝑥(150 + 460)

𝐵𝑔 = = 0.000902 𝑏𝑏𝑙/𝑆𝐶𝐹

3000

Untuk P = 2800 psia,

𝐵𝑔 = = 0.000933

2800 𝑆𝐶𝐹

Isi Awal Gas Di tempat:

𝐺𝑝 𝐵𝑔 500,000,000𝑥0.000933

𝐺= =

𝐵𝑔 − 𝐵𝑔𝑖 0.000933 − 0.000902

𝐺 = 15𝑀𝑀𝑀𝑆𝐶𝐹

Volumetric Gas Material Balance

Volumetric reservoir — no external energy (gas expansion only).

p/z versus Gp yields unique straight-line trend.

Linear extrapolation yield gas-in-place (G).

Gas MBE Abnormally-Pressured Reservoir

Volumetric reservoir — no water influx or leakage.

p/z versus Gp yields unique quadratic trend (from approximated MBE).

Quadratic extrapolation yield gas-in-place (G).

Gas MBE "Water Influx" Case

a. Gas Material Balance Plot: p/z vs. Gp — simulated b. Gas Material Balance Plot: p/z vs. Gp — simulated

performance. Note effect of aquifer permeability on performance. Note effect of displacement efficiency

field performance. (Ep).

Pressure (hence p/z) is maintained during production via communication with an

unsteady-state aquifer (this study).

From: Unsteady-State Performance of Water Drive Gas Reservoirs, Agarwal

(Texas A&M Ph.D., 1967).

Concept: p/z vs. Gp — Water Influx Case

Recovery is a function of production rate, Ep, and kaquifer.

p/z vs. Gp performance appears to be cubic (i.e., f(Gp3)).

- 5 Off Design Performance 111 (1)Uploaded byمحمد عبدالله
- Chem111.1 Exer8-Sample Calc.v1Uploaded bySnow Drop
- Chem Chapter 14 LECUploaded bysaxman011
- deaerator ConstructionUploaded byRakshit Lobin
- worksheet_07.pdfUploaded byVijay Bhaskar
- Natural Gas FundamentalsUploaded byErick C Nugraha
- Chemistry(1) Laws&EquationsUploaded byPamela Garcia
- Chapter 3Uploaded byLucy Brown
- AuditorsUploaded byUmbreen Siddiqui
- DMfSD Book 2015.pdfUploaded byskiner
- SubseaGasPipeline (1)Uploaded byEileen Wong
- Production From Gas HydratesUploaded byAnonymous p6pNOLu670
- ARMA 2011 FinalUploaded bysbadakhshan7064
- Analysis of Mass Transfer Modeling Vapor Liquid Equilibrium in Scrubbing Retort of Gas Fb4adfbc0aUploaded byjppmj
- Producer Gas BookUploaded byGovind Rao
- Brochure 2010Uploaded byshankarsreekumar
- UBE Separation Membrane - BioGas CustomerUploaded bySatish Shinde
- su3c6 by adel khamisUploaded byAdel Khamis
- Fossil Fuel GenerationUploaded byHadavoda Bhim
- Gas-Liquid SystemUploaded byliabchai43388
- Soal ProductionUploaded byshabila gadis
- STUDY OF TWO-DIMENSIONAL HEAT AND MASS TRANSFER DURING.pdfUploaded byali105
- Natural Gas Business in Indonesia (Business ethics essay)Uploaded byshahreza88
- True Oil Company v. Federal Energy Regulatory Commission, 663 F.2d 75, 10th Cir. (1981)Uploaded byScribd Government Docs
- 2016 GREAT in Brussels VolvoUploaded byPawan Chaturvedi
- Molecular Motion Model Manual SF 8563Uploaded byWilliam Bautista
- Culminating Task 2-ChemistryUploaded byrobert_watts_14
- Joe Aulston and Lola Aulston v. United States of America, and Shell Western E & P, Intervenors-Appellees, 915 F.2d 584, 10th Cir. (1990)Uploaded byScribd Government Docs
- AP Chemistry Review QuestionsUploaded byKevin To
- 1-s2.0-S1004954115002293-mainUploaded byyew

- 1. BAB I PEMAHAMAN TENTANG LANDASAN DAN TUJUAN PENDIDIKAN PANCASILA.pptxUploaded byFahri Zal
- 1 Matriks Ruang Vektor SPL & MatriksUploaded byGusmar
- 02_Sejarah Komputer & PerkembanganUploaded byAndi ayu
- 6. Bab 2 fixUploaded byGusmar
- 1 Matriks Ruang Vektor SPL & MatriksUploaded byGusmar
- 7. Bab 3 fixUploaded byGusmar
- 3. Kata Pengantar_fixUploaded byGusmar Pakiding
- 5. Bab 1_fixUploaded byGusmar
- Teknik Produksi Migas 3Uploaded byBudisantoso Naq Peujakesuma
- Koloid AsosiasiUploaded byGusmar
- BAB IUploaded byFarah Ziba
- BAB IUploaded byFarah Ziba
- Bab 3 Pengujian Densitas Suspensi SemenUploaded byGusmar
- 8. Bab 4_fixUploaded byGusmar
- Bab 2 Pembuatan Suspensi Semen (Ok)Uploaded byGusmar
- RolfBracke_Geothermal Drilling Best PracticesUploaded byAwank Archiel
- Bab 01Uploaded byGusmar
- West Sparkle Deliverabily Test AnalisysUploaded byGusmar
- Bab 06Uploaded byGusmar
- Kuliah-7-TP2-ESP-AHUploaded byGusmar
- Kuliah-7-TP2-ESP-AHUploaded byGusmar
- Fluvial Dan Aluvial FanUploaded byGusmar Pakiding
- ESP System ApplicationsUploaded bysindy amalia
- tugasjanUploaded byGusmar
- Capuano_USEA Presentation for 11-21-14 WorkshopUploaded byGusmar
- 03 Software OS KomputerUploaded byGusmar
- Kuliah-12-TP2-Plunger Lift-AH.pdfUploaded byGusmar
- Kuliah-12-TP2-Plunger Lift-AH.pdfUploaded byGusmar
- Kuliah 3b TP2 Disain GL AHUploaded byGusmar

- ECF 81 RedactedUploaded byhimself2462
- Jamaica Red Cross Volunteer Application FormUploaded bytammi_churi
- Compliance and Enforcement in BC ForestsUploaded byB.C. Government and Service Employees' Union
- Illinois Motion to Quash Arrest - TrafficUploaded byMarc MkKoy
- CGLUploaded byArindam Chakraborty
- It's Time for the U.S. to Ratify the Law of the Sea - FoustUploaded byThe American Security Project
- Water Transpo IntroUploaded byKatrina Nicolas
- sluua78Uploaded bysava104
- Chapter 39A - Atlantic City Casinos or Police Force?Uploaded bySTBW
- Misty Mountain HopUploaded byTilman Bauer
- DN21 - Winning at the MRT With Annexures (1)Uploaded byGalacticus212
- ESCRA Manila Public School Teachers v. Laguio, Jr.Uploaded byRexchelle Aiyla Anonas
- 2009 Clery Crime Stats at Texas StateUploaded byTina Phan
- Oath of SportsmanshipUploaded byMitch Gundran-Caisip
- Reiff y Cruft - Antony Duff and the Philosophy of PunishmentUploaded byJuan L. Lagos
- Ethics NotesUploaded bySanthosh Inigoe
- Tierney Critical CriminologyUploaded byChetanya Victor Mundachali
- [LABOR] Pacific Consultants International, Jens Henrichsen v. Klaus…Uploaded byMarc Virtucio
- In the Matter of Delta Towers, Ltd., D/B/A Ramada Hotel Orleans, La., a Limited Partnership, Debtor. New Orleans Public Service, Inc., Cross-Appellant v. First Federal Savings and Loan Association of Warner Robins, Georgia, Cross-Appellee, 924 F.2d 74, 1st Cir. (1991)Uploaded byScribd Government Docs
- View ContentUploaded byMd Tarek Rahman
- Abd_HakimUploaded byMardhiah Ramlan
- Negatiable Instruments (Cases - Part 1)Uploaded byRoss Bahia
- United States v. Leroy Taffe, A/K/A "Lee" Tommy Lee Ellis, 36 F.3d 1047, 11th Cir. (1994)Uploaded byScribd Government Docs
- media lawUploaded byJagruti Nirav
- people of the port arthur convict eraUploaded byapi-279811261
- Law 4 Syllabus on Sales and AgencyUploaded byEs-Es
- Letter Commitment BRC-SQUAD 1.0Uploaded byC&O
- BGDDV6F9CD15MD140726Uploaded byShuhan Mohammad Ariful Hoque
- preterintentiaUploaded byLoredana Toma
- Moshansky EnquiryUploaded byscribdacct123