1. A differential amplifier has an openloop voltage gain of 150 when the input signals are 3.55 V
= (150)(0.15) = 22.5 V
2. Calculate the differential voltage gain of an op amp that has a commonmode gain of 6.0 and a
CMRR of 80 dB
80
differential voltage gain
10 20 =
Hence, 6.0
3. A differential amplifier has an openloop voltage gain of 150 and a common input signal of
4.0 V to both terminals. An output signal of 15 mV results. Determine the commonmode gain
Vo 15 �103
A com = =
Commonmode gain, Vcom 4.0 = 0.00375 or 3.75 �10 3
� 150 �
20 log10 � dB = 20 log10 40000
�
= �0.00375 � = 92.04 dB
4. In the inverting amplifier of shown below, R i = 1.5 k and R f = 2.5 k. Determine the output
voltage when the input voltage is: (a) + 0.6 V (b)  0.9 V
�R f �
� � Vi
� Ri �
From equation (5), V =
o
�2500 �
� �
(a) When V i = + 0.4 V, V o = �1500 �(+ 0.6) =  1.0 V
�2500 �
� �
(b) When V i =  1.2 V, V o = �1500 �( 0.9) = + 1.5 V
5. The op amp shown below has an input bias current of 90 nA at 20C. Calculate (a) the voltage
gain, and (b) the output offset voltage due to the input bias current.
Rf 1.2 �106
 =
(a) Voltage gain, A = Ri 15 �103 =  80
( 90 �10 ) ( 18 �10 )
9 9
= 1215000 = 1.33 mV
6. Determine (a) the value of the feedback resistor, and (b) the frequency for an inverting amplifier
to have a voltage gain of 45 dB, a closedloop bandwidth of 10 kHz and an input resistance of
20 k.
45
= log10 A
log10 A 20
i.e. 45 = 20 from which,
45
A = 10 = 177.83
20
and
Rf Rf
Ri 3
Also, A= i.e. 177.83 = 20 �10
3
(b) Frequency = gain bandwidth = 177.83 10 �10 = 1.78 MHz
1. If the input voltage for the op amp shown below is – 0.5 V, determine (a) the voltage gain,
Rf 15 �103
(a) Voltage gain, A = 1 + R i = 1 + 6.8 �10 = 1 + 2.206 = 3.206 or 3.21
3
� Rf �
Vo = �
1+ �Vi = (3.206)( 0.5)
� Ri �
(b) Output voltage, =  1.60 V
Vo V1
2. In the circuit shown below, determine the value of the output voltage, , when (a) =+1V
V2 V1 V2
and = + 3 V (b) = + 1 V and =3V
�V V � � 1 3 �
Vo =  R f � 1 + 2 �=  ( 25 �103 ) � + �
�R1 R 2 � 10 �10 10 �103 �
�
3
(a) Output voltage,
Vo
3. For the summing op amp shown below, determine the output voltage,
 ( 60 �103 ) ( 65 �10 6 )
= =  3.9 V
R = 125 k and C = 4.0 F. Calculate the value of the output voltage 120 ms after applying the
1 1
Vo =  �
Vi dt =  ( 1.25 ) dt
�
Output voltage,
CR ( 4.0 �10 ) ( 125 �103 )
6
1
( 1.25 ) dt = 2 [ 1.25 t ]
0.5 �

= = 2.5 t
V2
= 40 mV
Rf �
120 �103 �
Vo = 
Ri
Vi =  �
8 �10
( 4 �103 )
3 �
(a) Output voltage, � � =  60 mV
� R �
� R f � � 120 � � 120 �
Vo = � 3 � �1+ V2 = �
� �
�1+ (
� 6 �103 )
(b) Output voltage, �R 2 + R 3 �
� R i � �8 + 120 �
� 8 �
120 �
�
� � ( 1 + 15) ( 6 �103 )
128
=� � = + 90 mV
� Rf � � 120 �
Vo = ( V1  V2 ) � �= ( 40  30 ) � mV
�
V1 V2 � Ri � � 8 � =  150 mV
(c) hence, output voltage,
� R �
� Rf �
Vo = ( V2  V1 ) � 3 � �1+ �
V2 V1 �R2 + R3 �
� Ri �
(d) hence, output voltage,
120 �
� 120 �
( 40  25 ) �
� �
�1+ �
= 128 �
� � 8 �= + 225 mV