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BestFacade

Best Practice for Double Skin Facades

supported by
Fundamentals, History

“Essentially a pair of glass “skins” separated by an


air corridor. The main layer of glass is usually insula-
ting. The air space between the layers of glass acts
as insulation against temperature extremes, winds,
and sound.
[Harrison K. & Meyer-Boake T.: The Tectonics of the
Environmental Skin, University of Waterloo, School of
Architecture, (2003)]

BestFacade – Fundamentals
Best Practice for Double Skin Facades

WP1 was proposed as a starting point for for further work in the Bestfaçade work document or documents about a special flow in the façade as well as maintenance dings have mechanical ventilation systems
the following work packages. Thus all part-
packages such as non technological bar- aspect of double skin facades. The main and costs. and the heating and cooling is performed
ners have been involved into the design ofriers, benchmarks, calculation method function and advantage of this database is The analysis is been drawn for the aspects, most often by air heating/cooling systems.
the questionnaires according to the spe- up to the dissemination activities. After a the possibility to get an efficient overview types of façade in different countries, DSF The types of façades are mainly multis-
cial needs of their work packages and first round in WP1 more than 360 articles, about the literature, ranked by keywords in different climatic regions of Europe, torey and corridor type, in Belgium juxta-
have used their good contacts within the books, proceedings, diploma thesis and and their relevance in this document. existing simulations and measurements, posed modules are frequently used. The
building scene to get data on implemented PhD thesis about double skin facades are The second important part of the literature thermal behaviour, indoor air quality, com-
facades in their countries. available within the literature database. A database are the full-text files behind the fort, user acceptance, energy demand and Facts
The architectural aspects of DSF in Europesecond upgrading of the literature databa- literature database entries. In the moment consumptions, control strategies, integra- torey and corridor type, in Belgium jux-
are discussed for their conception and se is planned for the last year of the Best- there are in summary 161 articles in form ted building technology, costs (investment, taposed modules are frequently used.
glass architecture in general, the need offaçade project. A special four-language of PDF-files available. The PDFs can be maintenance, operation), resource conser- The façade gaps are mostly naturally
an integrated planning approach, lighting,keyword list (English, French, Dutch and searched also by keywords. vation, environmental impact, comparison ventilated (except for Belgium, where
the multitude of the city, environmental ar-
German) was developed to classify the li- to conventional glass facades (CGFs), in- the indoor air is led by mechanical
chitecture, the facade as communication terature by reducing and completing an The main goal of WP1 tegration of renewable energy sources into ventilation via the gap to the centra-
and sound attenuation. existing list from BBRI. This keyword list is The main goal of WP1 was to analyse im- DSF, and non-energy related EIE/04/135/ lized air handling unit). The shading
the main feature for finding and using the plemented DSF all over Europe. 27 fa- S07.38652 “Best Practice for Double Skin is performed mainly with Venetian
special four-language keyword list literature database. cades of different buildings in all partner Façades” WP1 Report 80 blinds located in the gap. The clea-
A centralised database containing litera- The documents are sorted and evalua- countries of Bestfacade have been studied issues: acoustics, aesthetics, fire protec- ning of the outer shell is done via a
ture about double skin facades has been ted by their authors, keywords, language by means of a standardized questionnaire. tion, moisture, corrosion, durability, main- cradle or a lifting platform, the gla-
created in the framework of the Work Pa- and publication type, with the objective to The questionnaire comprises data on loca- tenance, repair. Most of the buildings are zing of the gap is mainly cleaned from
ckage 1 serving as the knowledge base make it as easy as possible to find a special tion, information about the building and office buildings followed by schools and the gap or from the interior.
the facade, construction and route of air service buildings. Nearly all of the buil-

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State of the Art

7 countries 30 projects

[Harrison K. & Meyer-Boake T.: The Tectonics of the


Environmental Skin, University of Waterloo, School of
select by facade select by chart Architecture, (2003)]

BestFacade – State of the Art


Best Practice for Double Skin Facades

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onsequat delit ipsuscip et lorem volor sum dolorperatue doluptatuer ametut i sequam nonsequam, quat, commoloreet esto od tatem velit eugiat venit velisci tat. nullam elenim aut at iureet iriusci llutpat naturally ventilated (except for Bel-
venibh eugiam zzriurer sit, quis autem Nummy nulluptat nit venim dunt alis lam, velestrud mincin utai siscilit ilit irius- Ut alit ate dolorper irit, veliquipis nullam aci bla ad dolortio duipis aliquat aciliqui ti- gium, where the indoor air is led by
quipis ea feu faccum zzril et alit eu feum alissi blamet alit vel exercilit loreet luptat, tincip eraesto od tatem velit eugiat venit elenim aut at iureet iriusci llutpat aci bla onsectet prat ver sed eugiam, vero eu facil mechanical ventilation via the gap
velit dolor sum vel etue dit iriurem Olobor- con ulla feugait, consend reriuscidui tem velisci tat. Ut alit ate dolorper irit, veliquipis ad dolortio duipis aliquat aciliqui tionsectet ex et dolorperosto esequat. to the centralized air handling unit).
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conulputpat. Ut euismod olorerilit non olobore facillandre feu feum vel erosto del onsectet prat ver sed eugiam, vero eu facil con ulla feugait, consend reriuscidui tem netian blinds located in the gap. The
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Cutback of non-technological barriers

General Information

Costs Location

Attributes of the Information


Maintenance
double skin facade about the
building

Routing of air flow General information


in the facade on the facade

Construction of
the facade

[Harrison K. & Meyer-Boake T.: The Tectonics of the


Environmental Skin, University of Waterloo, School of
Architecture, (2003)]

BestFacade – Non technological Barriers


Best Practice for Double Skin Facades

The analysis on the non-technological bar- be a threat to DSF since the fire transfer glazed façade types. However, maximum level of knowledge concerning the typolo- threat to the application of DSF, it seems reasons. However, there is rather low level
riers to DSF regarding the legislation issues between the rooms and levels has to be indoor temperatures could pose a threat to gy, performance, design and construction that architects desire full transparency of knowledge on the energy performance
shows that in the participating countries reduced. Additionally sound legislation DSF if limits of indoor temperature are to of DSF, educational /research institutions while users might not like it. of DSF among all target groups
apart from one there is no awareness of can be a threat when considering sound be observed. and big constructions companies usually Although DSF can be applied in all type of The analysis also showed the lack of regio-
the EN 13830 standards. This European transfer between adjacent spaces through The EPBD implementation could be an working at an international level have good buildings, until now they have been used nal support, support from the government
Standard specifies characteristics of cur- the DSF cavity. On the other hand, sound opportunity if the designed DSF is perfor- knowledge of the DSF systems. On the mainly for office buildings and not so much
tain walling and provides technical infor- legislation can also be an opportunity to ming well (due to the presence of the two other hand, low level of knowledge is noted for residential and other type of buildings Facts
mation on the varying performance re- DSF as this type of façade provides better glazed skins), but it could be a threat if the in the group of architects, building owners because of their increased construction torey and corridor type, in Belgium
quirements. Also, the document provides sound insulation than single skin systems. system is badly designed and cannot meet and investors. In the case of the advan- and capital cost. The occupant control for juxtaposed modules are frequently
guidance to the curtain wall manufacturer Legislation on lighting issues could pose a the thermal and energy requirements tages and disadvantages of the double ventilation may be a threat to DSF if their used. The façade gaps are mostly
on how to meet the requirements of the threat to DSF since the inner layer of gla- (for example overheating is observed in skin facades compared to the conventio- design does not allow user control. naturally ventilated (except for Bel-
European Construction Products Directive zing in conjunction with the internal blinds summer). nal systems, it seems that the knowledge Regarding the reputation of DSF in all gium, where the indoor air is led by
(CPD). The CE marking is in force from can lower significantly the daylight factors In the case of ventilation requirements, is low in all target groups apart from se- countries, it seems there is skepticism in mechanical ventilation via the gap
2005. in the occupied spaces; however a proper these exist in all countries but do not pose veral educational/research institutions that the scientific field concerning the energy to the centralized air handling unit).
design can result in adequate visual com- any threat to the application of DSF. are working in relevant projects. efficiency, the indoor air quality and ther- The shading is performed mainly with
Non technolgical Barriers – Type I fort; and then the legislation is considered Climatic conditions do not seem to pose mal comfort levels that this type of façade Ve is performed mainly with Venetian
All existing legislations applicable to con- as an opportunity to the use of DSF. The analysis s any obstacle in the application of DSF. can provide. The reputation is good in the netian blinds located in the gap. The
ventional facades (legislation on fire and All countries have legislation on thermal howed that in all countries there are built Different systems can be applied in diffe- building industry that tries to promote this cleaning of the outer shell is done via
sound protection, lighting issues etc) are insulation and achieved U-values; this is examples; the majority of them have been rent countries; further design considera- type of façade but there is also concern be- a cradle or a lifting platform, the gla-
also applied to double skin facades, since considered from most countries as an op- constructed recently; however there is no tions should be applied in extreme clima- cause of the high investment cost. Among zing of the gap is mainly cleaned from
there are no specific ones for this type of portunity for double skin facades since documentation of their energy and envi- tic conditions i.e. excessive hot periods. the majority of the architects the reputa- the gap or from the interior.
facades. Legislation on fire protection may the U-value is usually lower than for other ronmental performance. In terms of the Full transparency do not seem to pose any tion is good mainly because of aesthetics

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Benchmarks and Certification

[Harrison K. & Meyer-Boake T.: The Tectonics of the


Environmental Skin, University of Waterloo, School of
Architecture, (2003)]

BestFacade – Benchmarks / Certification
Best Practice for Double Skin Facades

The analysis on the non-technological bar- fire transfer between the rooms and levels glazed façade types. However, maximum ning the typology, performance, design
riers to DSF regarding the legislation issues has to be reduced. Additionally sound le- indoor temperatures could pose a threat to and construction of DSF, educational /re-
shows that in the participating countries gislation can be a threat when considering DSF if limits of indoor temperature are to search institutions and big constructions
apart from one there is no awareness of sound transfer between adjacent spaces be observed. companies usually working at an internati-
the EN 13830 standards. This European through the DSF cavity. On the other hand, The EPBD implementation could be an onal level have good knowledge of the DSF
Standard specifies characteristics of cur- sound legislation can also be an oppor- opportunity if the designed DSF is perfor- systems. On the other hand, low level of
tain walling and provides technical infor- tunity to DSF as this type of façade pro- ming well (due to the presence of the two knowledge is noted in the group of archi-
mation on the varying performance re- vides better sound insulation than single glazed skins), but it could be a threat if the tects, building owners and investors. In the sive hot periods. Full transparency do not Facts
quirements. Also, the document provides skin systems. Legislation on lighting issues system is badly designed and cannot meet case of the advantages and disadvantages seem to pose any threat to the application torey and corridor type, in Belgium
guidance to the curtain wall manufacturer could pose a threat to DSF since the inner the thermal and energy requirements of the double skin facades compared to of DSF, it seems that architects desire full juxtaposed modules are frequently
on how to meet the requirements of the layer of glazing in conjunction with the in- (for example overheating is observed in the conventional systems, it seems that transparency while users might not like it. used. The façade gaps are mostly
European Construction Products Directive ternal blinds can lower significantly the summer). the knowledge is low in all target groups Although DSF can be applied in all type of naturally ventilated (except for Bel-
(CPD). The CE marking is in force from daylight factors in the occupied spaces; In the case of ventilation requirements, apart from several educational/research buildings, until now they have been used gium, where the indoor air is led by
2005. however a proper design can result in ade- these exist in all countries but do not pose institutions that are working in relevant mainly for office buildings and not so much mechanical ventilation via the gap
quate visual comfort; and then the legisla- any threat to the application of DSF. projects. for residential and other type of buildings to the centralized air handling unit).
All existing legislations tion is considered as an opportunity to the because of their increased construction The shading is performed mainly with
applicable to conventional facades (legis- use of DSF. The analysis showed that in all countries Climatic conditions and capital cost. The occupant control for Ve is performed mainly with Venetian
lation on fire and sound protection, lighting All countries have legislation on thermal there are built examples; the majority of do not seem to pose any obstacle in the ventilation may be a threat to DSF if their netian blinds located in the gap. The
issues etc) are also applied to double skin insulation and achieved U-values; this is them have been constructed recently; application of DSF. Different systems can design does not allow user control. cleaning of the outer shell is done via
facades, since there are no specific ones considered from most countries as an op- however there is no documentation of their be applied in different countries; further Regarding the reputation of DSF in all a cradle or a lifting platform, the gla-
for this type of facades. Legislation on fire portunity for double skin facades since energy and environmental performance. design considerations should be applied countries, it seems there is skepticism in zing of the gap is mainly cleaned from
protection may be a threat to DSF since the the U-value is usually lower than for other In terms of the level of knowledge concer- in extreme climatic conditions i.e. exces- the scientific field concerning the energy

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Simple Calculation method

“Essentially a pair of glass “skins” separated by an


air corridor. The main layer of glass is usually insula-
ting. The air space between the layers of glass acts
as insulation against temperature extremes, winds,
and sound.
[Harrison K. & Meyer-Boake T.: The Tectonics of the
Environmental Skin, University of Waterloo, School of
Architecture, (2003)]

BestFacade – Calculation Method


Best Practice for Double Skin Facades

The analysis on the non-technological bar- fire transfer between the rooms and levels glazed façade types. However, maximum double skin facades compared to the con- occupant control for ventilation may be a
riers to DSF regarding the legislation issues has to be reduced. Additionally sound le- indoor temperatures could pose a threat to ventional systems, it seems that the know- threat to DSF if their design does not allow
shows that in the participating countries gislation can be a threat when considering DSF if limits of indoor temperature are to ledge is low in all target groups apart from user control. Regarding the reputation of
apart from one there is no awareness of sound transfer between adjacent spaces be observed. several educational/research institutions DSF in all countries, it seems there is skep-
the EN 13830 standards. This European through the DSF cavity. On the other hand, The EPBD implementation could be an op- that are working in relevant projects. Cli- ticism in the scientific field concerning the
Standard specifies characteristics of cur- sound legislation can also be an oppor- portunity if the designed DSF is performing matic conditions do not seem to pose any energy efficiency, the indoor air quality
tain walling and provides technical infor- tunity to DSF as this type of façade pro- well (due to the presence of the two glazed obstacle in the application of DSF. Diffe- and thermal comfort levels that this type of
mation on the varying performance re- vides better sound insulation than single skins), but it could be a threat if the system rent systems can be applied in different
quirements. Also, the document provides skin systems. Legislation on lighting issues is badly designed and cannot meet the countries; further design considerations Facts
guidance to the curtain wall manufacturer could pose a threat to DSF since the inner thermal and energy requirements (for exa- should be applied in extreme climatic con- torey and corridor type, in Belgium
on how to meet the requirements of the layer of glazing in conjunction with the in- mple overheating is observed in summer). ditions i.e. excessive hot periods. juxtaposed modules are frequently
European Construction Products Directive ternal blinds can lower significantly the In the case of ventilation requirements, Full transparency do not seem to pose any used. The façade gaps are mostly
(CPD). The CE marking is in force from daylight factors in the occupied spaces; these exist in all countries but do not pose threat to the application of DSF, it seems naturally ventilated (except for Bel-
2005. however a proper design can result in ade- any threat to the application of DSF. performance, design and construction of that architects desire full transparency gium, where the indoor air is led by
quate visual comfort; and then the legisla- DSF, educational /research institutions while users might not like it. mechanical ventilation via the gap
All existing legislations a tion is considered as an opportunity to the The analysis showed that and big constructions companies usual- to the centralized air handling unit).
pplicable to conventional facades (legisla- use of DSF. in all countries there are built examp- ly working at an international level have Although DSF can The shading is performed mainly with
tion on fire and sound protection, lighting All countries have legislation on thermal les; the majority of them have been cons- good knowledge of the DSF systems. On be applied in all type of buildings, until ow Ve is performed mainly with Venetian
issues etc) are also applied to double skin insulation and achieved U-values; this is tructed recently; however there is no do- the other hand, low level of knowledge they have been used mainly for office buil- netian blinds located in the gap. The
facades, since there are no specific ones considered from most countries as an op- cumentation of their energy and environ- is noted in the group of architects, buil- dings and not so much for residential and cleaning of the outer shell is done via
for this type of facades. Legislation on fire portunity for double skin facades since mental performance. In terms of the level ding owners and investors. In the case of other type of buildings because of their in- a cradle or a lifting platform, the gla-
protection may be a threat to DSF since the the U-value is usually lower than for other of knowledge concerning the typology, the advantages and disadvantages of the creased construction and capital cost. The

10 www.bestfacade.com www.bestfacade.com 11
Energy Design Guide

Außenluft
GDF

Summer mode

Winter mode

Comparison of the measured daily mean values of air temperatures in the


GDF gap versus the outside. (May 2005 to March 2006)

[Harrison K. & Meyer-Boake T.: The Tectonics of the


Environmental Skin, University of Waterloo, School of
Architecture, (2003)]

BestFacade – Energy Design Guide


Best Practice for Double Skin Facades

The analysis on the non-technological bar- to DSF since the fire transfer between the glazed façade types. However, maximum of knowledge concerning the typology, per- sive hot periods. Full transparency do not tion is good mainly because of aesthetics
riers to DSF regarding the legislation issues rooms and levels has to be reduced. Ad- indoor temperatures could pose a threat to formance, design and construction of DSF, seem to pose any threat to the application reasons. However, there is rather low level
shows that in the participating countries ditionally sound legislation can be a threat DSF if limits of indoor temperature are to educational /research institutions and big of DSF, it seems that architects desire full of knowledge on the energy performance
apart from one there is no awareness of when considering sound transfer between be observed. constructions companies usually working transparency while users might not like it. of DSF among all target groups
the EN 13830 standards. This European adjacent spaces through the DSF cavity. The EPBD implementation could be an at an international level have good know- Although DSF can be applied in all type of The analysis also showed the lack of regio-
Standard specifies characteristics of cur- On the other hand, sound legislation can opportunity if the designed DSF is perfor- ledge of the DSF systems. On the other buildings, until now they have been used nal support, support from the government
tain walling and provides technical infor- also be an opportunity to DSF as this type ming well (due to the presence of the two hand, low level of knowledge is noted in mainly for office buildings and not so much
mation on the varying performance re- of façade provides better sound insulati- glazed skins), but it could be a threat if the the group of architects, building owners for residential and other type of buildings Facts
quirements. Also, the document provides on than single skin systems. Legislation on system is badly designed and cannot meet and investors. In the case of the advan- because of their increased construction torey and corridor type, in Belgium
guidance to the curtain wall manufacturer lighting issues could pose a threat to DSF the thermal and energy requirements tages and disadvantages of the double and capital cost. The occupant control for juxtaposed modules are frequently
on how to meet the requirements of the since the inner layer of glazing in conjunc- (for example overheating is observed in skin facades compared to the conventio- ventilation may be a threat to DSF if their used. The façade gaps are mostly
European Construction Products Directive tion with the internal blinds can lower sig- summer). nal systems, it seems that the knowledge design does not allow user control. naturally ventilated (except for Bel-
(CPD). The CE marking is in force from nificantly the daylight factors in the occu- In the case of ventilation requirements, is low in all target groups apart from se- Regarding the reputation of DSF in all gium, where the indoor air is led by
2005. pied spaces; however a proper design can these exist in all countries but do not pose veral educational/research institutions that countries, it seems there is skepticism in mechanical ventilation via the gap
result in adequate visual comfort; and then any threat to the application of DSF. are working in relevant projects. the scientific field concerning the energy to the centralized air handling unit).
All existing legislations the legislation is considered as an opportu- efficiency, the indoor air quality and ther- The shading is performed mainly with
applicable to conventional facades (le- nity to the use of DSF. The analysis showed Climatic conditions mal comfort levels that this type of façade Ve is performed mainly with Venetian
gislation on fire and sound protection, All countries have legislation on thermal that in all countries there are built examp- do not seem to pose any obstacle in the can provide. The reputation is good in the netian blinds located in the gap. The
lighting issues etc) are also applied to insulation and achieved U-values; this is les; the majority of them have been cons- application of DSF. Different systems can building industry that tries to promote this cleaning of the outer shell is done via
double skin facades, since there are no considered from most countries as an op- tructed recently; however there is no do- be applied in different countries; further type of façade but there is also concern be- a cradle or a lifting platform, the gla-
specific ones for this type of facades. Le- portunity for double skin facades since cumentation of their energy and environ- design considerations should be applied cause of the high investment cost. Among zing of the gap is mainly cleaned from
gislation on fire protection may be a threat the U-value is usually lower than for other mental performance. In terms of the level in extreme climatic conditions i.e. exces- the majority of the architects the reputa-

12 www.bestfacade.com www.bestfacade.com 13
Best Practise Guidelines

ΦU ( abs ,u abs , p qe , w qi ,e )⋅ s Ce Fe abs u ee j j s

[Harrison K. & Meyer-Boake T.: The Tectonics of the


Environmental Skin, University of Waterloo, School of
Architecture, (2003)]

BestFacade – Best Practice Guidelines


Best Practice for Double Skin Facades

The analysis on the non-technological bar- to DSF since the fire transfer between the glazed façade types. However, maximum
riers to DSF regarding the legislation issues rooms and levels has to be reduced. Ad- indoor temperatures could pose a threat
shows that in the participating countries ditionally sound legislation can be a threat to DSF if limits of indoor temperature are
apart from one there is no awareness of when considering sound transfer between to be observed.The EPBD implementati-
the EN 13830 standards. This European adjacent spaces through the DSF cavity. on could be an opportunity if the designed
Standard specifies characteristics of cur- On the other hand, sound legislation can DSF is performing well (due to the pres-
tain walling and provides technical infor- also be an opportunity to DSF as this type ence of the two glazed skins), but it could
mation on the varying performance re- of façade provides better sound insulati- be a threat if the system is badly designed
quirements. Also, the document provides on than single skin systems. Legislation on and cannot meet the thermal and energy
guidance to the curtain wall manufacturer lighting issues could pose a threat to DSF requirements (for example overheating is
on how to meet the requirements of the since the inner layer of glazing in conjunc- observed in summer).
European Construction Products Directive tion with the internal blinds can lower sig- In the case of ventilation requirements,
(CPD). The CE marking is in force from nificantly the daylight factors in the occu- these exist in all countries but do not pose
2005. pied spaces; however a proper design can any threat to the application of DSF.
result in adequate visual comfort; and then
All existing legislations the legislation is considered as an opportu- The analysis showed gy, performance, design and construction ding owners and investors. In the case of matic conditions do not seem to pose any
applicable to conventional facades (le- nity to the use of DSF. that in all countries there are built exa- of DSF, educational /research institutions the advantages and disadvantages of the obstacle in the application of DSF. Different
gislation on fire and sound protection, All countries have legislation on thermal mples; the majority of them have been and big constructions companies usual- double skin facades compared to the con- systems can be applied in different coun-
lighting issues etc) are also applied to insulation and achieved U-values; this is constructed recently; however there is no ly working at an international level have ventional systems, it seems that the know- tries; further design considerations should
double skin facades, since there are no considered from most countries as an op- documentation of their energy and envi- good knowledge of the DSF systems. On ledge is low in all target groups apart from be applied in extreme climatic conditions
specific ones for this type of facades. Le- portunity for double skin facades since ronmental performance. In terms of the the other hand, low level of knowledge several educational/research institutions i.e. excessive hot periods. Full transparen-
gislation on fire protection may be a threat the U-value is usually lower than for other level of knowledge concerning the typolo- is noted in the group of architects, buil- that are working in relevant projects. Cli- cy do not seem to pose any threat to the

14 www.bestfacade.com www.bestfacade.com 15
Best Practise Guidelines

North Europe Middle Europe South Europe

The analysis on the non-technological bar- fies characteristics of curtain walling and The analysis on the non-technological bar- fies characteristics of curtain walling and The analysis on the non-technological bar- standards. This European Standard speci-
riers to DSF regarding the legislation issues provides technical information on the va- riers to DSF regarding the legislation issues provides technical information on the va- riers to DSF regarding the legislation issues fies characteristics of curtain walling and
shows that in the participating countries rying performance requirements. Also, the shows that in the participating countries rying performance requirements. Also, the shows that in the participating countries provides technical information on the va-
apart from one EN 13830 standards. This document provides guidance to the curtain apart from one EN 13830 standards. This document provides guidance to the curtain apart from one EN 13830 standards. This rying performance requirements. Also, the
European Standard specifies characteris- wall manufacturer on how to meet the re- European Standard specifies characteris- wall manufacturer on how to meet the re- European Standard specifies characteris- document provides guidance to the curtain
tics of curtain walling and provides tech- quirements of the European Construction tics of curtain walling and provides tech- quirements of the European Construction tics of curtain walling and provides tech- wall manufacturer on how to meet the re-
nical information on th E EN 13830 stan- Products Directive (CPD). The CE marking nical information on th E EN 13830 stan- Products Directive (CPD). The CE marking nical information on th E EN 13830 stan- quirements of the European Construction
dards. This European Standard specifies is in force from 2005. dards. This European Standard specifies is in force from 2005. dards. This European Standard specifies Products Directive (CPD). The CE marking
characteristics of curtain walling and pro- All existing legislations applicable to con- characteristics of curtain walling and pro- All existing legislations applicable to con- characteristics of curtain walling and pro- is in force from 2005.
vides technical information on the varying ventional facades (legislation e varying vides technical information on the varying ventional facades (legislation e varying vides technical information on the varying All existing legislations applicable to con-
performance requirements. Also, the do- performance requirements. Also, the do- performance requirements. Also, the do- performance requirements. Also, the do- performance requirements. Also, the do- ventional facades (legislation e varying
cument provides guidance to the curtain cument provides guidance to the curtain cument provides guidance to the curtain cument provides guidance to the curtain cument provides guidance to the curtain performance requirements. Also, the do-
wall manufacturer on how to meet the re- wall manufacturer on how to meet the re- wall manufacturer on how to meet the re- wall manufacturer on how to meet the re- wall manufacturer on how to meet the re- cument provides guidance to the curtain
quirements of the European Construction quirements of the European Construction quirements of the European Construction quirements of the European Construction quirements of the European Construction wall manufacturer on how to meet the re-
Products Directive (CPD). The CE marking Products Directive (CPD). The CE marking Products Directive (CPD). The CE marking Products Directive (CPD). The CE marking Products Directive (CPD). The CE marking quirements of the European Construction
is in force from 2005. is in force from 2005. is in force from 2005. is in force from 2005. is in force from 2005. Products Directive (CPD). The CE marking
All existing legislations applicable to con- All existing legislations applicable to con- All existing legislations applicable to con- All existing legislations applicable to con- All existing legislations applicable to con- is in force from 2005.
ventional facades (legislation N 13830 ventional facades (legislation there is no ventional facades (legislation N 13830 ventional facades (legislation there is no ventional facades (legislation N 13830 All existing legislations applicable to con-
standards. This European Standard speci- awareness of the EN 13830 standards. standards. This European Standard speci- ventional facades (legislation there is no

BestFacade – Best Practice Guidelines


Best Practice for Double Skin Facades

The analysis on the non-technological bar- reduced. Additionally sound legislation The analysis on the non-technological bar- between the rooms and levels has to be The analysis on the non-technological bar- between the rooms and levels has to be
riers to DSF regarding the legislation issues can be a threat when considering sound riers to DSF regarding the legislation issues reduced. Additionally sound legislation riers to DSF regarding the legislation issues reduced. Additionally sound legislation
shows that in the participating countries transfer between adjacent spaces through shows that in the participating countries can be a threat when considering sound shows that in the participating countries can be a threat when considering sound
apart from one there is no awareness of the DSF cavity. On the other hand, sound apart from one there is no awareness of transfer between adjacent spaces through apart from one there is no awareness of transfer between adjacent spaces through
the EN 13830 standards. This European legislation can also be an opportunity to the EN 13830 standards. This European the DSF cavity. On the other hand, sound the EN 13830 standards. This European the DSF cavity. On the other hand, sound
Standard specifies characteristics of cur- DSF as this type of façade provides better Standard specifies characteristics of cur- legislation can also be an opportunity to Standard specifies characteristics of cur- legislation can also be an opportunity to
tain walling and provides technical infor- sound insulation than single skin systems. tain walling and provides technical infor- DSF as this type of façade provides better tain walling and provides technical infor- DSF as this type of façade provides better
mation on the varying performance re- Legislation on lighting issues could pose a mation on the varying performance re- sound insulation than single skin systems. mation on the varying performance re- sound insulation than single skin systems.
quirements. Also, the document provides threat to DSF since the inner layer of gla- quirements. Also, the document provides Legislation on lighting issues could pose a quirements. Also, the document provides Legislation on lighting issues could pose a
guidance to the curtain wall manufacturer zing in conjunction with the internal blinds guidance to the curtain wall manufacturer threat to DSF since the inner layer of gla- guidance to the curtain wall manufacturer threat to DSF since the inner layer of gla-
on how to meet the requirements of the can lower significantly the daylight factors on how to meet the requirements of the zing in conjunction with the internal blinds on how to meet the requirements of the zing in conjunction with the internal blinds
European Construction Products Directive in the occupied spaces; however a proper European Construction Products Directive European Construction Products Directive can lower significantly the daylight factors
(CPD). The CE marking is in force from design can result in adequate visual com- (CPD). The CE marking is in force from (CPD). The CE marking is in force from in the occupied spaces; however a proper
2005. fort; and then the legislation is considered 2005. 2005. design can result in adequate visual com-
All existing legislations applicable to con- as an opportunity to the use of DSF. All existing legislations applicable to con- All existing legislations applicable to con- fort; and then the legislation is considered
ventional facades (legislation on fire and All countries have legislation on thermal ventional facades (legislation on fire and ventional facades (legislation on fire and as an opportunity to the use of DSF.
sound protection, lighting issues etc) are insulation and achieved U-values; this is sound protection, lighting issues etc) are sound protection, lighting issues etc) are
also applied to double skin facades, since also applied to double skin facades, since also applied to double skin facades, since
there are no specific ones for this type of there are no specific ones for this type of there are no specific ones for this type of
facades. Legislation on fire protection may facades. Legislation on fire protection may facades. Legislation on fire protection may
be a threat to DSF since the fire transfer be a threat to DSF since the fire transfer be a threat to DSF since the fire transfer
between the rooms and levels has to be

16 www.bestfacade.com www.bestfacade.com 17
Best Practise Guidelines

North Europe Middle Europe South Europe

The analysis on the non-technological bar- fies characteristics of curtain walling and The analysis on the non-technological bar- fies characteristics of curtain walling and The analysis on the non-technological bar- standards. This European Standard speci-
riers to DSF regarding the legislation issues provides technical information on the va- riers to DSF regarding the legislation issues provides technical information on the va- riers to DSF regarding the legislation issues fies characteristics of curtain walling and
shows that in the participating countries rying performance requirements. Also, the shows that in the participating countries rying performance requirements. Also, the shows that in the participating countries provides technical information on the va-
apart from one EN 13830 standards. This document provides guidance to the curtain apart from one EN 13830 standards. This document provides guidance to the curtain apart from one EN 13830 standards. This rying performance requirements. Also, the
European Standard specifies characteris- wall manufacturer on how to meet the re- European Standard specifies characteris- wall manufacturer on how to meet the re- European Standard specifies characteris- document provides guidance to the curtain
tics of curtain walling and provides tech- quirements of the European Construction tics of curtain walling and provides tech- quirements of the European Construction tics of curtain walling and provides tech- wall manufacturer on how to meet the re-
nical information on th E EN 13830 stan- Products Directive (CPD). The CE marking nical information on th E EN 13830 stan- Products Directive (CPD). The CE marking nical information on th E EN 13830 stan- quirements of the European Construction
dards. This European Standard specifies is in force from 2005. dards. This European Standard specifies is in force from 2005. dards. This European Standard specifies Products Directive (CPD). The CE marking
characteristics of curtain walling and pro- All existing legislations applicable to con- characteristics of curtain walling and pro- All existing legislations applicable to con- characteristics of curtain walling and pro- is in force from 2005.
vides technical information on the varying ventional facades (legislation e varying vides technical information on the varying ventional facades (legislation e varying vides technical information on the varying All existing legislations applicable to con-
performance requirements. Also, the do- performance requirements. Also, the do- performance requirements. Also, the do- performance requirements. Also, the do- performance requirements. Also, the do- ventional facades (legislation e varying
cument provides guidance to the curtain cument provides guidance to the curtain cument provides guidance to the curtain cument provides guidance to the curtain cument provides guidance to the curtain performance requirements. Also, the do-
wall manufacturer on how to meet the re- wall manufacturer on how to meet the re- wall manufacturer on how to meet the re- wall manufacturer on how to meet the re- wall manufacturer on how to meet the re- cument provides guidance to the curtain
quirements of the European Construction quirements of the European Construction quirements of the European Construction quirements of the European Construction quirements of the European Construction wall manufacturer on how to meet the re-
Products Directive (CPD). The CE marking Products Directive (CPD). The CE marking Products Directive (CPD). The CE marking Products Directive (CPD). The CE marking Products Directive (CPD). The CE marking quirements of the European Construction
is in force from 2005. is in force from 2005. is in force from 2005. is in force from 2005. is in force from 2005. Products Directive (CPD). The CE marking
All existing legislations applicable to con- All existing legislations applicable to con- All existing legislations applicable to con- All existing legislations applicable to con- All existing legislations applicable to con- is in force from 2005.
ventional facades (legislation N 13830 ventional facades (legislation there is no ventional facades (legislation N 13830 ventional facades (legislation there is no ventional facades (legislation N 13830 All existing legislations applicable to con-
standards. This European Standard speci- awareness of the EN 13830 standards. standards. This European Standard speci- ventional facades (legislation there is no

BestFacade – Best Practice Guidelines


Best Practice for Double Skin Facades

The analysis on the non-technological bar- reduced. Additionally sound legislation The analysis on the non-technological bar- between the rooms and levels has to be The analysis on the non-technological bar- between the rooms and levels has to be
riers to DSF regarding the legislation issues can be a threat when considering sound riers to DSF regarding the legislation issues reduced. Additionally sound legislation riers to DSF regarding the legislation issues reduced. Additionally sound legislation
shows that in the participating countries transfer between adjacent spaces through shows that in the participating countries can be a threat when considering sound shows that in the participating countries can be a threat when considering sound
apart from one there is no awareness of the DSF cavity. On the other hand, sound apart from one there is no awareness of transfer between adjacent spaces through apart from one there is no awareness of transfer between adjacent spaces through
the EN 13830 standards. This European legislation can also be an opportunity to the EN 13830 standards. This European the DSF cavity. On the other hand, sound the EN 13830 standards. This European the DSF cavity. On the other hand, sound
Standard specifies characteristics of cur- DSF as this type of façade provides better Standard specifies characteristics of cur- legislation can also be an opportunity to Standard specifies characteristics of cur- legislation can also be an opportunity to
tain walling and provides technical infor- sound insulation than single skin systems. tain walling and provides technical infor- DSF as this type of façade provides better tain walling and provides technical infor- DSF as this type of façade provides better
mation on the varying performance re- Legislation on lighting issues could pose a mation on the varying performance re- sound insulation than single skin systems. mation on the varying performance re- sound insulation than single skin systems.
quirements. Also, the document provides threat to DSF since the inner layer of gla- quirements. Also, the document provides Legislation on lighting issues could pose a quirements. Also, the document provides Legislation on lighting issues could pose a
guidance to the curtain wall manufacturer zing in conjunction with the internal blinds guidance to the curtain wall manufacturer threat to DSF since the inner layer of gla- guidance to the curtain wall manufacturer threat to DSF since the inner layer of gla-
on how to meet the requirements of the can lower significantly the daylight factors on how to meet the requirements of the zing in conjunction with the internal blinds on how to meet the requirements of the zing in conjunction with the internal blinds
European Construction Products Directive in the occupied spaces; however a proper European Construction Products Directive European Construction Products Directive can lower significantly the daylight factors
(CPD). The CE marking is in force from design can result in adequate visual com- (CPD). The CE marking is in force from (CPD). The CE marking is in force from in the occupied spaces; however a proper
2005. fort; and then the legislation is considered 2005. 2005. design can result in adequate visual com-
All existing legislations applicable to con- as an opportunity to the use of DSF. All existing legislations applicable to con- All existing legislations applicable to con- fort; and then the legislation is considered
ventional facades (legislation on fire and All countries have legislation on thermal ventional facades (legislation on fire and ventional facades (legislation on fire and as an opportunity to the use of DSF.
sound protection, lighting issues etc) are insulation and achieved U-values; this is sound protection, lighting issues etc) are sound protection, lighting issues etc) are
also applied to double skin facades, since also applied to double skin facades, since also applied to double skin facades, since
there are no specific ones for this type of there are no specific ones for this type of there are no specific ones for this type of
facades. Legislation on fire protection may facades. Legislation on fire protection may facades. Legislation on fire protection may
be a threat to DSF since the fire transfer be a threat to DSF since the fire transfer be a threat to DSF since the fire transfer
between the rooms and levels has to be

18 www.bestfacade.com www.bestfacade.com 19
BestFacade Members
Best Practice for Double Skin Facades

MCE Anlagenbau Austria Graz University of Fraunhofer Gesellschaft – National and Kapodistrian C.Kiossefidis S.A. Instituto de Soldadura
Technology – Institute of Institute for Building Physics University of Athens e Qualidade
Thermal Engineering

ENTPE-Laboratoire Sciences Lund University Belgian Building Research Reynaers Aluminium NV WSP Sverige AB Skanska Teknik AB
de l‘Habitat-CNRS-DGCB Institute

The sole responsibility for the content of this poster lies with the authors. It does not represent
the opinion of the Community. The European Commission is not responsible for any use that