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B737  NG
 
 
 
 
 
Anti‐Ice & Rain
 
Boeing B737 NG - Systems Summary [Anti Ice & Rain]

Introduction
Thermal anti-icing (TAI), electrical anti-icing, and windshield wipers are the
systems provided for ice and rain protection.
The anti-ice and rain systems include:
• Flight Deck Window Heat • Engine Anti-Ice System
• Windshield Wipers • Wing Anti-Ice System
• Probe and Sensor Heat • Ice Detection System [Option]

Anti-Ice Components Diagram


[Option - Ice detector probe]

ELEVATOR PITOT
PROBES (2 PLACES)

FLIGHT DECK
WINDOWS
WINDOW HEAT
WINDSHIELD
WIPERS

ENGINE LEADING EDGE


TEMPERATURE PROBE COWL LIP SLAT
ICE DETECTOR PROBE
ALPHA VANES
(2 PLACES)

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Boeing B737 NG - Systems Summary [Anti Ice & Rain]

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Boeing B737 NG - Systems Summary [Anti Ice & Rain]

Flight Deck Window Heat


[Option – Window # 3 not heated]
Flight deck window numbers 1, 2, 4 and 5 consist of glass panes laminated to each
side of a vinyl core. Flight deck window number 4 has an additional vinyl layer
and acrylic sheet laminated to the inside surface. Flight deck window number 3
consists of two acrylic panes separated by an air space.
[Option – Window # 3 not heated]
A conductive coating on the outer glass pane of window numbers 1 and 2 permits
electrical heating to prevent ice build–up and fogging. A conductive coating on
the inner glass pane of window numbers 4 and 5 permits electrical heating to
prevent fogging. Window number 3 is not electrically heated.
[Option – Window # 3 heated]
Flight deck windows consist of glass panes laminated to each side of a vinyl core.
Flight deck window number 4 has an additional vinyl layer and acrylic sheet
laminated to the inside surface.
[Option – Window # 3 heated]
A conductive coating on the outer glass pane of window numbers 1 and 2 permits
electrical heating to prevent ice build–up and fogging. A conductive coating on
the inner glass pane of window numbers 3, 4 and 5 permits electrical heating to
prevent fogging.
Flight Deck Window Heat Operation
[Option – Window # 3 not heated]
The FWD WINDOW HEAT switches control heat to window No. 1. The SIDE
WINDOW HEAT switches control heat to window number 2, 4, and 5.
[Option – Window # 3 not heated]
Temperature controllers maintain window numbers 1 and 2 at the correct
temperature to ensure maximum strength of the windows in the event of bird
impact. Power to window numbers 1 and 2 is automatically removed if an
overheat condition is detected. A thermal switch located on window 5 opens and
closes to maintain the correct temperature of window numbers 4 and 5.
[Option – Window # 3 heated]
The FWD WINDOW HEAT switches control heat to window number 1. The
SIDE WINDOW HEAT switches control heat to window numbers 2, 3, 4 and 5.

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Boeing B737 NG - Systems Summary [Anti Ice & Rain]

[Option – Window # 3 heated]


Temperature controllers maintain windows numbers 1 and 2 at the correct
temperature to ensure maximum strength of the windows in the event of bird
impact. Power to window numbers 1 and 2 is automatically removed if an
overheat condition is detected. Thermal switches, located on window numbers 3
and 5, open and close to maintain the correct temperature of window numbers 3,
4, and 5.
Flight Deck Window Heat Schematic
[Option –Window # 3 heated and green ON lights]

OVERHEAT

ON ON ON

L WINDOW HEAT R
OVHT
SIDE FWD FWD SIDE
OFF OFF

ON PWR TEST ON

TEMPERATURE TEMP TEMP TEMPERATURE


CONTROLLER CONT CONT CONTROLLER

THERMAL
SWITCH

L4 R4
L5 R5

L1 R1
L3 L2 R2 R3

WIND
FROM WIND
SHIELD AIR CONDITIONING SHIELD
AIR SYSTEM AIR

CONDITION:
WINDOW HEAT ON
R SIDE OVERHEATED

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Boeing B737 NG - Systems Summary [Anti Ice & Rain]

[Option –Window # 3 not heated and amber OFF lights]

OVERHEAT

OFF

L WINDOW HEAT R
OVHT
SIDE FWD FWD SIDE
OFF OFF

ON PWR TEST ON

TEMPERATURE TEMP TEMP TEMPERATURE


CONTROLLER CONT CONT CONTROLLER
THERMAL
SWITCH

L4 R4
L5 R5

L1 R1
L3 L2 R2 R3

WIND
FROM WIND
SHIELD AIR CONDITIONING SHIELD
AIR SYSTEM AIR

CONDITION:
WINDOW HEAT ON
R SIDE OVERHEATED

Windshield Wipers
The rain removal system for the forward windows consists of windshield wipers
and a permanent rain repellent coating on the windows.
CAUTION: Windshield scratching will occur if the windshield wipers are
operated on a dry windshield.

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Boeing B737 NG - Systems Summary [Anti Ice & Rain]

Probe and Sensor Heat


[Option - Captain’s pitot probe on standby power]
Pitot probes, the total air temperature probe and the alpha vanes are electrically
heated. Static ports are not heated. When operating on standby power, only the
captain’s pitot probe is heated, however, the CAPT PITOT light does not
illuminate for a failure.
Note: The pitot probe for standby airspeed is not heated when the airplane is on
standby power.

Ice Detection System


[Option]
An advisory only ice detection system detects airplane icing in flight. The system
consists of a probe located on the forward left fuselage and advisory lights located
on the left forward panel.
When the probe senses ice build–up inflight, the ICING light illuminates. When
ice has previously been detected and the probe is no longer detecting ice, the
ICING light will extinguish and the NO ICE light will illuminate. The ICING light
and the NO ICE light do not illuminate simultaneously.
Note: Residual ice may remain on the window areas with the NO ICE light
illuminated.
The ICE DETECTOR light, located on the forward overhead panel, will
illuminate if the ice detection system fails. Illumination of the ICE DETECTOR
light also illuminates the MASTER CAUTION and ANTI–ICE system
annunciator lights.

Engine Anti–Ice System


Engine bleed air thermal anti–icing prevents the formation of ice on the engine
cowl lip. Engine anti–ice operation is controlled by individual ENG ANTI–ICE
switches. The engine anti–ice system may be operated on the ground and in flight.

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Boeing B737 NG - Systems Summary [Anti Ice & Rain]

Engine Anti–Ice System Operation


Each cowl anti–ice valve is electrically controlled and pressure actuated.
Positioning the ENG ANTI–ICE switches to ON:
• allows engine bleed air to flow through the cowl anti–ice valve for cowl
lip anti–icing
• sets stall warning logic for icing conditions.
Note: Stall warning logic adjusts stick shaker and minimum maneuver speed
bars on the airspeed indicator. FMC displayed VREF is not adjusted
automatically.
Note: Stall warning logic, airspeed indications, and minimum maneuver
speeds on the airspeed indicator return to normal when engine anti–ice
is positioned OFF if wing anti–ice has not been used in flight.
If the cowl anti–ice valve fails to move to the position indicated by the ENG
ANTI–ICE switch, the COWL VALVE OPEN light remains illuminated bright
blue and an amber TAI indication illuminates on the CDS after a short delay.
The amber COWL ANTI–ICE light illuminates due to excessive pressure in the
duct leading from the cowl anti–ice valve to the cowl lip.

ENGINE COWL
ANTI-ICE (TAI)
COWL COWL
ANTI-ICE ANTI-ICE
COWL VALVE COWL VALVE
OPEN OPEN

ENG
ANTI-ICE
OFF

ON
1 2
5th TO
BLEED AIR
ENGINE DUCT
BLEED
VALVE

COWL
ANTI-ICE
VALVE 9th

MODULATING &
SHUTOFF VALVE

BLEED AIR

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Boeing B737 NG - Systems Summary [Anti Ice & Rain]

Wing Anti–Ice System


The wing anti–ice system provides protection for the three inboard leading edge
slats by using bleed air. The wing anti–ice system does not include the leading
edge flaps or the outboard leading edge slats.
The wing anti–ice control valves are AC motor–operated. With a valve open,
bleed air flows to the three leading edge inboard slats, and is then exhausted
overboard. The wing anti–ice system is effective with the slats in any position.
Wing Anti–Ice System Operation
On the ground, positioning the WING ANTI–ICE switch ON opens both control
valves if thrust on both engines is below the setting for takeoff warning activation
and the temperature inside both wing distribution ducts is less than the thermal
switch activation temperature.
Both valves close if either engine thrust is above the takeoff warning setting or
either temperature sensor senses a duct overtemperature. The valves automatically
reopen if thrust on both engines is reduced and both temperature sensors are cool.
With the air/ground sensor in the ground mode and the WING ANTI–ICE switch
ON, the switch remains in the ON position regardless of control valve position.
The WING ANTI–ICE switch automatically trips OFF at lift–off when the
air/ground sensor goes to the air mode.
Positioning the WING ANTI–ICE switch to ON in flight:
• opens both control valves
• sets stall warning logic for icing conditions.
Note: Stall warning logic adjusts stick shaker and minimum maneuver speed
bars on airspeed indications. FMC displayed VREF is not adjusted
automatically.
Note: Stall warning logic remains set for icing conditions for the remainder
of the flight, regardless of subsequent WING ANTI–ICE switch
position.
Valve position is monitored by the blue VALVE OPEN lights. Duct temperature
and thrust setting logic are disabled and have no affect on control valve operation
in flight.

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Boeing B737 NG - Systems Summary [Anti Ice & Rain]

Wing Anti–Ice System Schematic


[Option - ICE DETECTOR light]

ICE
DETECTOR
L VALVE R VALVE
OPEN OPEN

WING ANTI-ICE
OFF

ON

THRUST
LEVERS ABOVE T.O.
WARNING
BELOW T.O.
WARNING

HIGH GROUND
THERMAL SWITCH
TEMP
LOW AIR
TEMP
AIR-GROUND
SAFETY SENSORS

BLEED
AIR DUCT

LEADING EDGE WING ANTI-ICE


SLATS CONTROL VALVE

CONDITION:
ON THE GROUND
WING ANTI-ICE ON
ENGINES AT IDLE THRUST
DUCT TEMPS LOW BLEED AIR

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Boeing B737 NG - Systems Summary [Anti Ice & Rain]

Window Heat Panel


[Option – Green ON Lights]

OVERHEAT OVERHEAT OVERHEAT OVERHEAT

ON ON ON ON

L WINDOW HEAT R
OVHT
SIDE FWD FWD SIDE
OFF OFF

ON PWR TEST ON

FORWARD OVERHEAD PANEL

[Option – Amber OFF Lights]

OVERHEAT OVERHEAT OVERHEAT OVERHEAT

OFF OFF OFF OFF

L WINDOW HEAT R
OVHT
SIDE FWD FWD SIDE
OFF OFF

ON PWR TEST ON

FORWARD OVERHEAD PANEL

Window OVERHEAT Lights


Illuminated (amber) – overheat condition is detected.
Note: OVERHEAT lights also illuminate if electrical power to window(s) is
interrupted.

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Boeing B737 NG - Systems Summary [Anti Ice & Rain]

Window Heat ON Lights


[Option – Green ON Lights]
Illuminated (green) – window heat is being applied to selected window(s).
Extinguished –
• switch is OFF, or
• an overheat is detected, or
• a system failure has occurred
• system is at correct temperature.

Window Heat OFF Lights


[Option – Amber OFF Lights]
Illuminated (amber) –
• switch is OFF, or
• an overheat is detected, or
• a system failure has occurred
• system is at correct temperature.
Extinguished – window heat is being applied to selected window(s).

WINDOW HEAT Switches


ON – window heat is applied to selected window(s).
OFF – window heat not in use.

WINDOW HEAT Test Switch (spring–loaded to neutral)


OVHT – simulates an overheat condition.
PWR TEST – provides a confidence test.
Note: Refer to Supplementary Normal Procedures for Window Heat Test
procedures.

Windshield/Foot Air Controls

WIND WIND
FOOT FOOT
SHIELD SHIELD
AIR AIR
AIR AIR

BELOW CAPTAIN’S BELOW F/O’S


INST PANEL INST PANEL

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Boeing B737 NG - Systems Summary [Anti Ice & Rain]

FOOT AIR Controls


PULL – supplies conditioned air to pilots’ leg positions.

WINDSHIELD AIR Controls


PULL – supplies conditioned air to number 1 windows for defogging.

Windshield Wiper Selector Panel

L WIPER R WIPER
PARK PARK
INT INT

LOW LOW

HIGH HIGH

FORWARD OVERHEAD PANEL

Windshield WIPER Selectors


PARK – turns off wiper motors and stows wiper blades.
INT – seven second intermittent operation.
LOW – low speed operation.
HIGH – high speed operation.

Probe Heat Panel


[Option - Aspirated TAT]

CAPT PROBE F/O


PITOT A OFF
B PITOT
L ELEV R ELEV
PITOT PITOT
L ALPHA ON R ALPHA
VANE VANE
TEMP
HEAT
AUX
PROBE TAT TEST PITOT

FORWARD OVERHEAD PANEL

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Boeing B737 NG - Systems Summary [Anti Ice & Rain]

Probe Heat Lights


Illuminated (amber) – related probe not heated.
Note: If operating on standby power, probe heat lights do not indicate system
status.

PROBE HEAT Switches


ON – power is supplied to heat related system.
OFF – power off.

TAT TEST Switch


[Option - Aspirated TAT]
Push - Electrical power applied to TEMP PROBE on the ground.

Engine Anti–Ice Panel

COWL COWL
ANTI-ICE ANTI-ICE
COWL VALVE COWL VALVE
OPEN OPEN

ENG
ANTI-ICE
OFF

ON
1 2
FORWARD OVERHEAD PANEL

COWL ANTI–ICE Lights


Illuminated (amber) – indicates an overpressure condition in duct downstream of
engine cowl anti–ice valve.

COWL VALVE OPEN Lights


Illuminated (blue) –
• bright – related cowl anti–ice valve is in transit, or, cowl anti–ice valve
position disagrees with related ENGINE ANTI–ICE switch position
• dim – related cowl anti–ice valve is open (switch ON).
Extinguished – related cowl anti–ice valve is closed (switch OFF).

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Boeing B737 NG - Systems Summary [Anti Ice & Rain]

ENGINE ANTI–ICE Switches


ON –
• related engine anti–ice valve is open
• stick shaker logic is set for icing conditions.
OFF –
• related engine anti–ice valve is closed
• stick shaker logic returns to normal if wing anti–ice has not been used in
flight.
Thermal Anti–Ice Indication

TAI TAI
10
87.7 10
87.7
0 0
8 8
2 2
6 4 6 4
N
1

UPPER DISPLAY UNIT

Thermal Anti–Ice Indications


Illuminated –
• Green – cowl anti–ice valve(s) open
• Amber – cowl anti–ice valve is not in position indicated by related engine
anti–ice switch.

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Boeing B737 NG - Systems Summary [Anti Ice & Rain]

Wing Anti–Ice Panel


[Option - ICE DETECTOR System]

ICE
DETECTOR
L VALVE R VALVE
OPEN OPEN

WING ANTI-ICE
OFF

ON

FORWARD OVERHEAD PANEL

Wing Anti–Ice VALVE OPEN Lights


Illuminated (blue) –
• bright – related wing anti–ice control valve is in transit, or, related wing
anti–ice control valve position disagrees with WING ANTI–ICE switch
position
• dim – related wing anti–ice control valve is open (switch ON).
Extinguished – related wing anti–ice control valve is closed (switch OFF).

WING ANTI–ICE Switch


OFF – wing anti–ice control valves are closed.
ON (in the air) –
• wing anti–ice control valves are open
• stick shaker logic is set for icing conditions.
Note: Stick shaker logic remains set for icing conditions for the remainder of
the flight, regardless of subsequent WING ANTI–ICE switch position.
ON (on the ground) –
• wing anti–ice control valves open if thrust on both engines is below
takeoff warning setting and temperature inside both distribution ducts is
below thermal switch activation temperature
• control valves close if either engine thrust is above takeoff warning
setting or thermal switch is activated in either distribution duct. Switch
remains ON
• switch trips OFF at lift–off.

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Boeing B737 NG - Systems Summary [Anti Ice & Rain]

ICE DETECTOR Light


[Option - ICE DETECTOR System]
Illuminated (amber) – Ice detector system has failed.
Icing Advisory Lights
[Option - Icing Detector System]

ICING
P-CANCEL
NO ICE
P-CANCEL

LEFT FORWARD PANEL

ICING Light
Illuminated (amber) –
• ice detector is detecting ice
• light is inhibited on the ground.
Press – extinguishes light, if illuminated.

NO ICE Light
Illuminated (white) –
• ice detector is not detecting ice, and the ice detector probe had previously
detected ice
• light is inhibited on the ground.
Press – extinguishes light, if illuminated.

Limitations
Engine TAI must be on when icing conditions exist or are anticipated, except
during climb and cruise below -40°C SAT.
[Option - 737-600/-700/-800 without stiffened elevator tabs]
(PRR 38506 or Service Bulletin 737-55A1080)
After any ground deicing/anti-icing of the horizontal stabilizer using Type II or
Type IV fluids, airspeed must be limited to 270 KIAS until the crew has been
informed that applicable maintenance procedures have been accomplished that
would allow exceedance of 270 KIAS. Once the applicable maintenance
procedures have been accomplished, exceeding 270 KIAS is permissible only
until the next application of Type II or Type IV deicing/anti-icing fluids.

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