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• Kippur pass is in Baluchistan.

General Knowledge MCQs • Sander Pass is in Pakistan.


• Donner pass is in California (USA)
MOUNTAINS • Hispar & Biafo glacier is in Pakistan.
• Mount Olympus is in Greece. • Siachen glacier is in Karakoram Range.
• The mountain range in Russia that is regarded as the • Baltoro gracier is in Karakoram Range.
boundary b/w Europe & Asia is Urals. • Chogo Lugma is in Karakoram range.
• Margalla Hills of Islamabad are extension of Himalayas • Hispar glacier is in Hunza.
range. • Malaspina glacier is in Alaska (US),
• Ural mountains separate Asia from Europe. • Tasman glacier is in New Zealand.
• Ordovician are oldest rocks. • Alpine is the highest mountain pass in the world.
• Oldest mountain system are Araveli. • Siachen, batoro and chogo lugma glaciers are in
• Youngest mountain system are Himaliyas. Karakorum.
• Andes Mountains are in South America. • April 1984, India conducted an Operation known as
• Ring of Fire are volcanoes in Circum-Pacific Seismic belt. ‘Operation Meghdoot’ to capture Siachen.
• Alps are Europe’s largest mountain system. • Siachen Glacier is the Worlds Biggest Glacier outside the
• Atlas are North Africa’s mountain range. Atlas Mountains two Poles. It is also the world’s Highest Glacier that is why it
are in Morocco. is referred to as “The Third Pole.” It is also the World’s
• The Himalaya mountain range (Asia) is the greatest Highest Battle Ground Ever
mountain range in the world. • Africa is without glaciers.
• Ayers Rock is the largest single rock in the world. • Highest point of Asia is Mount Everest (Nepal-Tibet).
• Mauna kea volcano is in Hawaii • Mount Aconcagua, highest peak in the western hemisphere,
• What is the world’s longest mountain range-The Andes located in the Andes Mountains of western Argentina, near
• Black forest is a mountain in Germany. the border with Chile.
• Rocky or Rockies Mountains is the largest mountain system • Bodpo La pass is highest pass in Tibet (China) with height
of North America. 19,412.
• Koh-i-Sultan is in Pakistan. • Vesuvius is a volcano in Italy.
• Highest mountain system in the world is Himalayas. • Swat valley is in the mountain range of… hindukash
• Sefid Koh is mountain range in Afghanistan. • Saddle peak is highest peak in Anandaman & Nicobar
• Blue Mountains are in Australia. islands.
• Mauna Kea volcano is in Hawaii. • Karoko tao is a volcano in Indonesia.
• What is the name of the second highest mountain in Africa- • Approximately the south west monsoon begins in Pakistan
Mount Kenya in late July.
• In what modern country is mount Ararat-Turkey OCEANS
• Most active volcano Italiana is situated in Hawaii. • Largest ocean is pacific, then Atlantic, Indian and then
• Mount Everest is in Himalaya range with height 29,028 feet Arctic.
first ascent made on May 29, 1953. • Largest sea is South China Sea, then Caribbean Sea, then
• K2 named Godwin Austin or Chagori is in Karakoram Mediterranean sea, Behring Sea Gulf of Mexico, Sea of
Range with 28,250 ft height. First ascent made on July 31, Japan, Hudson Bay, East China Sea, Andaman Sea, then
1954. Black sea then Red sea and in the last Baltic sea.
• Nanga Parbat is in Himalaya range is known as Killer • Sea of Japan is famous for fishing area.
Mountain with height 26,660 ft. First ascent was made on • Total seas are 12.
July 3, 1953. • Bermuda Triange is located in Atlantic Ocean.
• Broad Peak I is in Karakoram range with height 26,470. • Diego Garcia is in Indian Ocean.
• Tirich Mir is in Hindu Kush mountain. • The deepest place in the Indian Ocean is Sunda Trench.
• Prince Charles is mountain range in Antarctica. • Caspian Sea is located in Iraq-Azerbaijan, Turkmensitan,
• Zardak is the highest peak of Kirthar range. Kazakhstan & Russia.
• Where are the glasshouse mountains- Queensland • Caspian Sea is the largest salt water lake in the world.
Australia? • Caspian Sea water is shared by Iran, Russia & Azerbaijan.
IMPORTANT MOUNTAIN PASSES • Which sea is sometimes called the Euxine Sea- Black Sea
• Namni Pass is in Myanmar. • What sea is directly north of Poland- Baltic sea
• Khunjerab Pass is highest pas in Pakistan. • Arctic Ocean is the smallest ocean.
• Alpine Pass is in USA. • Cyprus is an island in the Mediterranean Sea.
• Lowari Pass is in Pakistan. • The waters of Caspian Sea are shared by Russia, Iran &
• Khojak tunnel is in Baluchistan. Azerbaijan.
• Bolan (Suleiman range) pass is in Baluchistan. • What is the world’s largest sea (in area): South China
• Aral Sea is in Central Asia (Kazakhstan). Aral is an inland • Florida Strait separates Cuba from Florida. It joins Atlantic
sea. Ocean with Gulf of Mexico.
• What is the world’s warmest sea- The Red Sea • Dover strait separates England from France.
• Aegean Sea is located in Atlantic Ocean. • Gibraltar Strait separates Spain and Africa and joins
• Sargasso Sea is without a coastline. Mediterranean Sea with Atlantic Ocean.
• Which of the following cause ocean currents? Permanent • Torres Strait separates Australia and Papua New Guinea
winds • Bering Strait separates Asia from Africa and joins the Red
• Nether land’s land is below sea level. Sea and Persian Gulf.
• Atlantic Ocean is called the “Herring Pond”. • Bosporus Strait connects Black Sea with the Sea of
FAMOUS SEA PORTS Marmora.
• Abadan is in Iran. • Dardanelles strait (Turkey) joins Marmora sea with Aegean
• Alexandria is in Egypt. Sea.
• Antwerp is in Belgium. • Malacca (Indonesia) strait separates Sumatra from Malay
• Aqaba is in Jordan. Peninsula. It is longest strait in the world.
• Bandar Bushehr is in Iran. • Mozambique strait is the broadest strait in the world. It is
• Bristol is in UK. b/w Mozambique and Madagascar.
• Cardiff is in UK. • Sunda strait separates Sumatra from Java Island.
• Plymouth is in UK • 40% of world oil passes through… Strait of Hormuz
• Le Harve is in France. • The gateway to the Gulf of Iran is Strait of Hormuz
• Marseilles is in France. WORLD RIVERS
• New Orleans is in USA. • Third world comprises of 70% of world population.
• Penang is in Malaysia. • Hamun Mashkel Lake (Baluchistan) is salt water lake.
• Chalna is in Bangladesh. • Most important crop of Nile delta is Cotton.
• Dammam is in Saudi Arabia. • Pak: is 4th among world’s largest cotton producers.
• Glasgow is in UK. • A famous natural bridge is located in Virginia.
• Hambrug is in Germany. • Eskimos live in North America.
• Hochi Minh is in Vietnam. • Iberian Peninsula is a part of Europe.
• Honolulu is in USA. • The number of CARS is five.
• Latakia is in Syria. • Height of Islamabad is 2000 ft: above sea level.
• Phildelphia is in USA. • The Devil Tower present in US is a volcano.
• Port Said is in Egypt. • Hudson Bay is largest bay and is in Northern Canada.
• Rio-de-Janeiro is in Brazil. • Largest gulf is Gulf of Mexico.
• Rotterdam is in Netherlands. • Grand Canal is oldest man made canal for shipping purpose
• Tartous is in Syria. in China.
• Valparaiso is in Chile. • Shark bay is in Western Australia.
• Yokohama is in Japan. • English Channel separates England from France.
• Zadar is in Croatia. • Gulf of Sidra is in Libya.
• Pondicherry is in India south of Chennai. • Red river is in USA.
• Port Hercourt is the 2nd largest port of Nigeria. • Gulf of lion is in France.
• Darwin is the sea port of Australia. • Churchill water fall is in Canada.
• “Haifa” is the seaport of which country? Israel. • Danube River is in Romania (Europe). It pours into Black
• Seattle sea pot…. USA sea.
• Santos is known as the “Coffee Port” of the world. • The Volga is Europe longest river what is the second
• In which US state is its highest mountain- Alaska – Mount longest Danube
McKinley • Volga River is in Russia.
• Dickson is the seaport of Malaysia. • What is the only river that flows both north and south of
FAMOUS STRAITS equator – The Congo
• Palk Strait separates India from Sri Lanaka. • New Zealand is situated in the region of Oceania.
• Babul Mandab strait separates Arabia from Africa. • Oxus River (also called Amu Darya) is flowing between
• Babel-Mandab strait leads into the Red Sea. Afghanistan and Tajikistan. It is the largest river of central
• Red sea is b/w Arabia and Africa. Asia.
• Davis Strait separates Greenland from Baffin Island. • Bari Doab is the area lying between River Ravi and River
• The Davis Strait lies between Canada and Greenland Beas.
• Messina strait separates Italy from Sicily. • SURMA is the name of a river.
• Johor strait separates Malaysia from Singapore. • Windermere Lake is the largest lake of UK.
• Bass Strait separates Australia from Tasmania. • What is France’s longest river: Loire
• Hundroo (Hundrubagh) Water Falls are in India. • Lake Michigan flows in USA.
• An iceberg floating in sea will have one-tenth of its mass • Golden River flows in Alaska, Canada.
above the surface of water. • In what country are the Painted Lakes- Indonesia
• Jog Falls are the highest waterfalls in India. • Name the river that flows through Baghdad- Tigris
• Which river is in Lebanon? River Latani • What city has the most canals- Birmingham
• Highest salinity is found in the Great Salt Lake in USA. • Suez Canal was acquired by Britain in 1875 and
• Niagara Falls was discovered by Louis Hennepin nationalized by Egypt in 1956. It remains closed 1967-75
• Madagascar is popularly known as the Island of Cloves after Arab Israel War.
• Niagara Falls was discovered by Louis Hennepin • Thames River is in England.
• River Darling is in Australia. • Seine River is in France.
• Gateway of Pacific is Panama Canal. • Hang He river is in China.
• Panama Canal links Pacific Ocean with Atlantic Ocean. • Victoria Lake forms boundary line b/w Tanzania and
• Panama Canal was opened in 1914. Uganda.
• Panama Canal links North America with South America. • Victoria Lake is in Africa.
• Amazon River crosses Equator twice. • Source River Jehlum is Verinag.
• The Amazon river rises in which country-Peru • Lake Superior is the largest fresh water lake in the world. It
• Amazon River is largest river in terms of volume. It is in is located in North America (USA-Canada).
Brazil. It pours into Atlantic Ocean. • Lake Victoria is located in Kenya-Tanzania and Uganda.
• The longest and largest river in Asia is Yangtze. • Great Bear Lake is located in Canada.
• The largest river in China is The Yangtze River. • Huron Lake is in USA-Canada.
• The Soan and the Haro are the two rivers of Potohar • In which country would you find Lake Disappointment
Plateau. Australia
• Aswan dam is constructed on river Nile. • The Amazon river dolphins are what colour- Pink
• World’s largest earth filled dam is Tarbela. • Which of the following rivers rises in lake Lan-Ka Tso in
• Voctoria falls are on the border b/w Zimbabwe & South Tibet? Sutlej
Africa. • Volga river pours its water into Caspian Sea it is longest
• Titicaca is the highest navigable lake in world extending river of Europe.
from Peru to Bolivia. • Don is a river of Russia.
• Lake Baikal is the deepest lake in the world. It is located in • Lake Erie (N.America) is most polluted lake in the world.
Siberia. • Lake Mead on the Arizona-Nevada is largest man-made
• Indus River pours into Arabian Sea. lake in USA.
• After Indus, the longest river is Sutlaj in Pakistan. • Baikal Lake is in Siberian desert.
• The longest river in South Asia is the Brahmputra. • Palk Bay lies b/w Gulf of Mannar and Bay of Bengal.
• Nile River pours its water into Mediterranean Sea. • Panama Canal connects Atlantic Ocean with Pacific Ocean.
• Don River pours its water into Sea of Azov. • 3- Gorges Dam is in China
• Tigris River pours its water into Caspian Sea. • Indus originates from Tibet near Mansorowar Lake.
• Lake Mead is a man-made largest lake in the world. • The Victoria Falls in Africa is located on river Zambezi. It
• The largest river in France is Lore is the highest fall of Africa.
• Most populated lake is Lake Eire. • Mt Merapi is located on Java.
• Suez Canal is 170 Km long constructed in 1869. • What is the longest river in Australia- Murray-Darling
• The Suez Canal was constructed in 1869. • Gulf Stream is an ocean current named after the Gulf of
• The Suez Canal link the Mediterranean Sea with the Red Mexico.
Sea. The Canal was constructed by a French Engineer, • The panch Pokhri Lake situated in the Himalaya Mountains
Ferdinand De Lesseps. is the highest lake in the world.
• The Suez Canal was nationalized by Col. Nasser on 26th • Aswan dam is in Egypt.
July, 1956. • Word Tsunami is of Japanese language.
• Mariana trench is the deepest part in the ocean and it lies in • Largest coral reef is in Australia.
Pacific Ocean. It is also called the deepest seafloor • Colorado River forms Grand Canyon.
depression in the world. • River Rhine is in Western Europe.
• River Zambezi flows in Southeast Africa. • The Victoria Falls is located in Zimbabwe.
• Euphrates flows in Syria and Iraq. • Highest fall of world Angel Falls is on river Carrao
• Mesopotamia is the region b/w Tigris & Euphrates. Venezuela.
• Mississippi river flows in USA. Mississippi is longest river • Niagara fall is in North America b/w America & Canada.
of America. • Ribbon fall is in North America.
• Missouri river flows in USA • Silver Strand fall is in North America.
• Hudson River flows in USA. • Grand Canal is located in People’s Republic of china.
• After Australia, Europe is the smallest continent. • Baffin is in North Atlantic Ocean (Canadian).
• ‘Victoria falls’ is located in Rhodesia. • Sumatra is in Northest Indian Ocean (Indonesia).
• Deccan Plateau is in Asia. • Neaw Zealand is in South Pacific Ocean.
• Asia is the largest continent and covers about 1/3 of the • Borneo Island is in Pacific Ocean.
world’s total land area. • Honshu Island is in North West Pacific.
• Both the highest and lowest points on the earth are found in • Great Britain Island is in North Atlantic.
Asia. • Victoria Island is in Arctic Ocean.
• The lowest point of Asia is Dead Sea which is about 397 • Baffin Island is in Atlantic Ocean.
meter below sea level. • Ellesmere Island is in Arctic Ocean.
• Dead sea lying b/w Israel and Jordan. • Galapagos Islands are in Pacific Ocean.
• Asia Minor is a geographical expression, a part to Turkey. • Indonesia consists of 1300 islands.
• The world’s longest river, the Nile is located in Africa. • World’s largest Delta is Sunderlands (India).
• Africa is also known as Dark Continent. • Paracel Islands are of…. china vs Vietnam
• Highest point of South America is Mount Aconcagua • Which country owns the Hen and Chicken islands: North
(Argentina) and lowest point is Valdes Peninsula island New Zealand
(Argentina). • Indian city Mumbai consists of seven islands.
• Highest Point of North America is Mount Mckinley and the • The famous Island located at the mouth of the Hudson river
lowest point is Death Valley (California, USA). is Manhattan
• Highest point of Africa is Kibo, a peak of Kilimanjaro • Sugar Island is the located at the confluence of Ganga and
(Tanzania) and lowest point is Lake Assal (Djibouti). the Bay of Bengal.
• Highest point of Europe is Mount El’brus and the lowest • Cathy Pacific is an island.
point is Caspian Sea. FAMOUS DESERTS
• Highest point in Antarctica is Vinson Massif. • Thar desert is located in Northwest India and East Pakistan
• Highest point in Australia is Mount Kosciusko (New South • Dsht-i-Lut desert is in Iran.
Wales) and the lowest point is Lake Eyre (South Australia). • The world’s largest desert Sahara is located in Africa.
• The lowest point of the North America is the Death Valley • Rub Alkali desert is in Saudi Arabia.
located in California. • Kalhari desert is in South Africa.
• Danube River flows in Austria. • Gobi desert is in Mongolia & China.
• Victoria River is the chief source of River Nile. • The Atacama Desert is located in North Chile, South
• Dardanelles connects black Sea and Mediterranean. America.
• Black sea is so called because a dense fog prevails there in • What is the world’s oldest desert – country named after it-
winter. Namib
• The river Jordan flows out into the Dead Sea • Namib Desert is in South-West Africa.
• River Mekong flows in Vietnam. • Simpson Desert is in Australia.
• River Thames flows in Southern England. • Great Victoria Desert is in Australia.
• River boat Gondola is used in Italy’s city Venice. • Kalhari desert is in South Africa.
• Hydespes River is now called the Jhelum River. • Arabian Desert is in Egypt.
• The length of Panama Canal is 50072 miles. • Death Valley desert is in California.
• At the equator, the equation of the day is 12 hours. • Gibson Desert is in Australia.
• Meridan means mid-day. • Great Sandy Desert is in Australia.
• Shale is not a metamorphic rock. • Karakum desert is in Turkmenistan.
FAMOUS ISLANDS • Kavir Dasht Davir desert is in Iran.
• St. Helena is in Atlantic Ocean. • Nafud desert is in Saudi Arabia.
• Largest island in Indian Ocean is Madagascar. • Rub-el-Khali desert is in South Arabian peninsula.
• Sumatra is an island in Indonesia. • Sonoran desert is in Arizona to Mexico.
• The largest island in the world Greenland is located in • Taklimankan is desert in China.
North America. • Deserts in Asia are: Gobi, Karakum, Rub-al-Khali, Takla
• Greenland is geographically in America but politically in makan.
Europe. • Takla Makan desert is in Xinjing (China).
• Kalaalit Nunaat (Greenland) Island (Denmark), the largest • Deserts in Africa are: Kalhari, Namib, and Sahara.
island is in North Atlantic CITIES ON RIVER BANKS
• New Guinea is world’s second largest island. • Venice stands on what river-The Arno
• Virgin Island is a group of 100 Island in W.Indies. • New York is on River Hudson’s bank.
• Canary Island is in Spain. • Budapest is located on the bank of Danube river.
• The largest Island in the Mediterranean Sea is Sicily. • Paris is situated on the river Rhine.
• Malaqasv (Madagascar) is in Indian Ocean. • River passing through Paris… The Siens
• Paris is located ont eh bank of Seine river. • G.H. Wilkins (Australian) flew over the South Pole.
• Agra is on the bank of Jamuna River. • CIS are landlocked countries of Asia.
• On river Danube Budapest is located. WORLD COUNTRIES
• On river Siene Paris is located. • Buckingham palace is the residence of British king and
• Montreal is situated on the bank of river Ottawa Queen is in London.
• The city of Bonn is situated in Germany • 10 Downing Street is the residence of British PM.
• Calcutta is situated on Hoogli River. • Queen’s house is the official residence of Sri Lankan
• Belgrade stands on the river Danube. president.
• Rome is located beside the river Timber. • Great Wall of China was built in the reign of Shih Huang-ti
• Attock lies on River Indus. • Blue House is the official residence in .. South Korea
• Baghdad lies on Tigris. • Istana Merdeke is the official residence of President of
• Bahawalpur lies on Sutlej. Indonesia.
• Basra lies on Shatt-al-Arab. • Elysee palace is the name of the residence of Franch
• Bedford lies on Danube. President.
• Berlin lies on Spree. • What country’s leader does not have an official residence:
• Bonn (Germany) lies on Rhine. cuba
• Brussels (Belgium) lies on Senno. GENERAL
• Budapest (Hungary) lies on Danube. • The country which provides free education at university
• Cairo lies on Nile. level is Sri Lanka.
• Kolkata lies on Hoogli. • The country to adopt gold standard for the first time was
• Chittagong lies on Karnaphuli. UK.
• Dhaka lies on Boori Ganga. • Roman general Mark Anthony was a poor fisherman.
• Damascus lies on Barada. • 6 people lost lives in the Great Fire of London in 1666.
• Delhi lies on Jumna. • Bofors scandal occurred in India.
• Hyderabad (Sindh) lies on Indus. • First system of English short hand was devised in 1602.
• Jhelum lies on River Jhelum. • China is situated in Eastern part of Asia.
• Kanpur lies on Ganges. • Afghanistan is a landlocked country Central Asia (Chk)
• Khartoom lies on Blue and white Nile. • Bosnia-Herzegovina joined the UN on May 22, 1992.
• Lahore lies on Ravi. • Capital of Micronesia is Palikir.
• London lies on Thames. • Costa Rica is a Central American country.
• Mosul lies on Tigris. • Equator passes through Brazil.
• Paris lies on Seine. • After Australia, Europe is the smallest continent.
• Rohri lies on Indus. • Sakhalin Islands enriched with oil reserves are claimed by
• Rome lies on Tiber. Russia & Japan.
• Tokyo lie on Sumida. • Changa Manga is famous for sisham Timber forests.
• Sukkur lies on Indus. • The total length of railways in Pakistan is 8875 km.
• Washington lies on Vistula. • Sialkot has the highest annual rainfall.
• Wazirabad lies on Chenab. • The largest district of Punjab by area is Bahawalpurj.
• Dublin is situated at the mouth of river Liffey • Pakistan Environmental Protection Ordinance was enforced
• Moscow is situated on the bank of river Moscow. in 1984.
• Khartoum is situated on the bank of Nile River. • Frost shattering kind of weather takes place on the valley
• Bhawalpur is situated at the bank of Sutlej. side above the surface of a glacier.
• What city is at the mouth of the Menam river- Bangkok • Monsoon wind reverses seasonlally.
GEOGRAPHICAL DISCOVERIES • Bermuda triangle extends up to South Florida & Puerto
• Eric the Red discovered Greenland. Rico.
• Marco Polo (Italian) reached China through India. • Kyoto Protocol is an international treaty relating to
• Vescoda gama (Portuguese) discovered sear route from environmental problems.
Europe to India. • Hazrat Baha-ud-Din Zaklariaya belongs to Chistia order.
• Pedro Alvarez Cabral (Portuguese) discovered Brazil. • The longest river in South Asia is Brahmputra.
• George Lord Anson (English) sailed around the earth. • The length of river Indus is 2880 km.
• Charles A.Lindberg (American) made first non-stop solo • The oldest Hydro-electric Project in Pakistan is in
flight across the Atlantic. Malakand.
• Various (Portugese) discovered Sri Lanka. • The oldest barrage on the river Indus at Sukkur was built in
• C.F. Blair (US) made the first solo flight over the Arctic. 1932.
Sir Vivian Fuchs and Edmund Hillary (US) first crossing of • Europe has no desert.
the Antarctic continent. • Arabia, Scandinavia & Alaska are called Peninsula.
• The richest fishing ground in the world is North Eastern • Condenser is used to collect the charge
Asia. • In diesel engine ignition takes place by compression
• When one place on the earth is on a bigger eastern • A radar uses radio waves to detect enemy aircraft
longitude then its time will be ahead. • Law of floating bodies was given by Archimedes
• Arakan Yoma: is the exten¬sion of the Himalayas located • Particle with +ve charge but mass equal to electron is
in Myanmar. positron
• Cardamom: Karnataka is the largest producer of • Nucleus of an atom has +ve charge.
car¬damom. India is the largest exporter of cardamom in the • Bosons are Photons and Mesons
world. • There is no neutron in the atom of hydrogen
• Climograph: is a graphical representation of the differentia- • Quark is an atomic particle. Scientists think that proton and
tion between various types of climate. neutrons are themselves made of still smaller particles called
• Cosmic year: One cosmic year is equal to the time taken by quarks
the sun to complete one orbit around the galactic centre. • Muttons are particles of atom
• Date Line, International: International Date Line is an • John Dalton, an English scientist, gave Atomic Theory in
internationally agreed line drawn parallel to the 180° 1803 describing atom as the smallest unit of an element
meridian. It divides the Pacific Ocean into two equal parts. A • Gas in children’ s balloon is Helium
crossing of the International Date Line entails repeating one • Weight of electron = 9.1 x 10 power -31 kg
day when travelling westwards. • Charge on electron = 1.6 x 10 power -19 coulomb
• Aberdeen in Scotland is known for Britain’s largest granite- • Weight of proton = 1.66 x 10 power -27 kg
exporitng industry. It is knwn as Granite City. • Charge on proton = 1.6 x 10 power -19 coulomb
• Alexander (ship) is the name of the ship in which Charles • A proton is 1836 times heavier than an electron
Darwin toured for five years. • Ordinarily and atom is a neutral particle
• Which of the following is a characteristic of sedimentary • Ernest Rutherford, a New Zealander, in 1908 discovered
rocks? They are porous Atomic Nucleus
• When does the summer solstice occur in the Southern • Speed of sound is faster in hot air than in cold air
Hemisphere of our globe? 22nd December • Ultrasonic are sound waves of high frequency = 12000
• Mediterranean climate has the characteristic of ‘dry cycles/sec and higher
summers with great sunshine and rainy winters’ • Sound travels faster in moist air than in dry air
• Precipitation takes place whentemperature of moisture in air • Sound travels more rapidly in solids
sharply decreases • Maximum limit of sound beyond which a man can become
• Which of the following processes is related to the formation deaf is 129 decibel
of Himalayas? Folding • Audible sound is 20-20,000 cycles/second
• The term ‘Eye’ in a cyclone refers to circular region of • Inaudible sound >20,000 cycles/second
relatively light Winds • Velocity of sound at 0 deg: C is 331.7 m/s
• Gold Harp bridge of Istanbul connects Asia with Europe. • Echo can only be produces when the distance of the
• 193 countries are in world. obstacle is at least 17 meters
• Land occupied by Asia 29.7 %. • When we hear a sound, its impressions remain in our ear for
• Thickness of earth crust 20 miles. 1/10th of a second
• Max height of cloud 20,000. • Image persists for about 1/10th of second in our eye
• Rainfall is recorded on maps by Isohyets. • For creating a persistence of vision, pictures are projected at
• 45 Countries are there in Asia, 18 in Latin America. the rate of 10 or more/sec
• A meteorological term for a high pressure is called • Nuclear Energy is not a source of alternative energy.
anticyclone. • Videotape used in camcorders to record audio and video
PHYSICAL PROPERTIES signal employee fine grains of iron oxide.
• Theory of mutation was propounded by Hygo de Vries. • Temperature inside a refrigerator is 40 deg: F
• A theory of acquired character was given by Lamark. • The laws of reflection were first discovered by a al- Hazen
• Charles Darwin is famous for his theory of struggle for • 0.200 grams are equal to one carat.
existence and survival of the fittest. • One million cycles per second is called Megahertz.
• Sigmund Freud is called as the father of modern psychiatry • Carbon fiber is made by heating textile fibers. These are
and psychology. used in tennis rackets and racing yacht
• Energy stored in stretched spring is Elastic Potential energy • Catalytic converter reduce the harmful fumes the engine
• Energy stored in fossil fuels is chemical energy emits
• Radio waves are Electromagnetic waves • If you double the voltage you double the current (Ohm’s
• A.C voltage is analogue quantity law)
• Optical fibers work on polarization of electromagnetic • What product uses the most silver-Camera Film
waves • The speed of sound depends on the medium through which
the waves are passing. The speed of sound in gases depends spotlights
on what? Density • Helium is uses to fill airships and balloons
• Two or more molecules of carbohydrates are linked • Helium is used to pressurize hydrogen fuel in rockets and
together through glycosidic bond the air in diver’s air tanks
• peptide bond b\w amino acids, joined to form proteins, is • Apart from radon, which is radioactive, the noble gases are
the linkage b/w N and C used in lighting.
• An android is any robot that: has the ability to make • The noble gases have very low boiling points.
decisions and formulate plans • Liquid helium is the coldest substance.
• Semaphores were used between sailors for many years to • A gas only becomes liquid at -268.9 deg: C
communicate between ships • Combustion is a kind of oxidation reaction.
• One of the first long distance communication system • At room temperature the particles in air travel at around
invented in 1790 was the semaphores towers 1800 km/h the same speed as a bullet fires from a rifle.
• Telegraph was invented in 1821 • Generators convert mechanical energy into electrical
• Telephone was invented in1876 energy.
• Us inventor Samuel More developed the system of dots and • The principle behind the generator is electromagnetic
dashes of telegraph that was known as Morse Code induction. It was discovered by Michael Faraday.
• Scientist now think that protons and Neutrons are • Lovell telescope is at Jodrell Bank the site for space
themselves made of still smaller particles called quarks. observatory
• Portable gadgets = Mobile phones and portable TVs. • Nicolous Copernicus (1473-1543) was born in Poland and
• Derailleur gears are used in Bicycles. was the first to explain the solar system.
• Motor – cross race is for motor cycles. • Derailleur gear are used in bicycles
• Cantilever brake used in Bicycle. • Cantilever brake is also used in bicycles
• Speed of light 300,000 kilometers per second. • Static electricity makes a balloon stick to the wall after you
• Engineers use electronic theodolite and range-finder to have rubbed it on your hair.
measure the distance and angle to calibrated staff. • John Bardeen, Walter Brattain and William Shockley in
• Centigrade and Celsius temperatures are same below 1947 used a semiconductor called germanium to make the
freezing point. world’s first transistor.
• which instrument is used to measure pressure? Manometer • A diode conducts electricity easily in one direction but
• the velocity of light was first measured by Olaf Roemer resists the flow of electricity in the other.
• centigrade and fahrenheit scales gives same readings at 32 • A capacitor stores electric charge. Capacitors are important
degrees components for making timers.
• The first European scientist who refuted the belief that the • Capacitors are used in filtering circuits like treble and bass
earth was the centre of the universe was Copernicus. in hi-fi
• Mobile phones transmit message using radio-type waves • Transistors can be used as logic gates
called microwaves • Energy value of food items is expressed in kilojoules (kj) or
• Super conductors are also strong diamagnetic this means thousands of joules.
they strongly repel magnets. • British scientist James Prescott Joule discovered the
• Super conductors are used in very fast computers and also principle of conservation of energy.
in trains like Maglevs. • Which one of the following statements regarding sound is
• Electronic theodolite and range finder measures and true? Its source is always a vibrating material.
distance and angle. • Weight of an object put in a satellite orbiting in space
• A fluorescent light is a glass tube containing gas which around the earth is reduced to zero
produces UV light when current passed trough it. Tube is • Movie camera take pictures at rate of 24 pictures per second
coated with phosphor which glows when UV hits it. • Density of water is 1
• Some of the chemicals from the recycle of old cells are used • Water expands as it freezes to ice. This makes ice less
by liver to make bile which is stored in gall bladder. dense than water which causes ice to float.
• Which is lighter, gold or plastic? Plastic • Heat flows in three ways conduction, convection and
• Lasers are a special source of light called coherent light this radiation
means all the light waves are in step with each other and • A concave lens is used for the correction of the
travel in same direction Hyperphobia
• Laser produce light of one particular wavelength and it is s • Silver metal has the highest electrical conductivity.
single, pure color. • Mohr’s scale hardest substance is diamond – what’s the
• The first hologram was make in 1962 softest: Talc
• Laser = Light Amplification by Stimulated Emission of • Ambati Balamyrali is the youngest (17-years old) doctor of
Radiation Indian origin in the world who received his medical degree
• Quartz-halogen bulbs are used in overhead projectors and from Mount Sinai, New York.
• Ambedkar, B.R is known as the architect of the Indian and in the hot climate regions.
Constitution. • Exit Poll is a term used to denote a post-election survey of
• Apsra is the first nuclear reactor of India. voters regarding the candidate in whose favour they had
• Aquaculture refers to fish-farming or fish culture. exercised their franchise.
• Baku is famous for the production of petroleum. • The readings of a Fahrenheit and a Centigrade temperature
• Blue revolution relates to fish farming. is the same at -40°.
• Borlaug, Norman Ernest was American agricultural • Gregory Mendel is called the Father of Genetics.
scientist t and winner of the Nobel Prize for Peace in 1970. • Fenugreek seeds can benefit a patient of diabetes mellitus
He was one of those who laid the groundwork of the Green by normalizing his blood sugar level.
Revolution. • Powder-type fire extinguisher is used for petroleum fire.
• Buoy stands for a man serving in any hotel for luggage • India occupies first position in the world in the production
transportation or as a guide. of tea.
• Chakmas are refugees from Bangladesh settled in India. • It is the President and not the PM who presides over the
• Charar-e-Sharief is the Dargah of Sufi saint Sheikh cabinet meetings in France.
Nooruddin Wali in Kashmir. • Sigmund Freud founded the technique of pshychoaralysis.
• Charminar is located in Hyderabad (India). • Guemica is a painting by Pablo Picasso.
• Chernobayl is a Russian city having a nuclear power plant • Ikebana is the Japanese art of flower arrangement.
where a tank of readioactive waste exploded in April, 1993. • Inflation means an increase in the amount of paper money
This explosion is known as “Chernobyl Disaster”. which tends to raise general price level of commodities. It is
• Chris Patten was the last British Governor of Hong Kong. a comparative figure showing cost of living, production
• It is summer season in Australia during Christmas. prices, etc as compared with a base year. Debtors are likely to
• Churchill was PM of U.K during WWII. He is known to benefit by Inflation.
have said “ I have nothing to offer except blood, sweat and • Zero Rate Inflation obtains necessarily in a year where the
tears.” annual rate of inflation is constant in every week of the year.
• Conditioned Reflex is the term mainly discussed in • ISBN: International Standard Book Numbering is an
Psychology. internation system by which a distinct identifying number is
• Cross-breeding is to be done for achieving quick increase in assigned to each book.
milk production. • Jain Commission was associated with probing the
• Crystal oscillator is in electric watch, the component conspiracy angle of the Rajiv Gandhi assassination.
corresponding to pendulum of a pendulum clock. • James Bond is a character in the novels written by Ian
• The production of cultured pearls is an important cottage Fleming.
industry of Japan. • Jana-gana-mana is India’s National Anthem.
• Debenture is a certificate issued by a company promising • Jantar Mantar is an observatory in Delhi constructed in
the payment of a specified amount at a fixed rate of interest 1724 during the days of Maharaja Jai Singh II of Amber.
after a specified period. • Thomas Jefferson authored American Declaration of
• A deflector is a technique of adjusting for changes in price Independence.
level. • Jurassic Park was directed by Steven Spielberg.
• Desdemona is a character in the Shakespeare’s play • Kabalega is a National Park of Uganda.
Othello. • Kalidas was the greatest of the Sanskrit daramatist. He
• Dicky Dolma is the youngest woman climber of Mt. authored Shakukntala, etc.
Everest. • Kalinga Prize is awarded for popularization of science each
• Dr. Watson is a fictional character created by Sir Arthur year by UNESCO.
Conan Doyle. • Gary Kasparov is associated with Chess.
• Dunkel Draft relates to international trade. • Dr. V. Kurein is associated with Dairy Farming.
• Dzongkha is the official language of Bhutan. • Bhutan is called the “Land of Thunder Dragon”.
• E.T.A is a terrorist organization in Spain. • Laos is the only land-locked country in South-East Asia.
• Elephant’s tusks are called enlarged cartilaginous bones. • Last Supper is a famous Renaissance painting by Leonardo
• Erasmus was a Dutch writher. His Praise of Folly is still da Vinci.
read. • Leningrad is a famous town in Russia situated on the bank
• Esperanto is an artificial international language created to of river Neva.
act as world language. • LIBOR is the basic interest rate on interbank loans in
• Euro is the name of New Single European Currency London.
launched on January 1, 1999. • Lifeline Express is the world’s first hospital on rails
• Every Street is paved with Gold was authored by Kim operated in India.
Woo-Chung, founder of Daewoo. • G.J. Mendel is known as founder of genetics.
• Exfoliation is a type of weathering common both in the cold • Meri Ekyaven Kavitayen is collection of poems of Atal
Behari Vajpayee. • Universal Product Code (UPC) is adopted against
• Milk is an example of emulsion. adulteration in eatables.
• Missionaries of Charity is the religious order established by • Dolby B or Dolby C is printed on tape recorders and other
Mother Teresa. sound systems refers to Noise reduction circuit.
• Montesquieu gave the theory of separation of power. • The new administrative capital proposed for Myanmar is
• Mother Teresa was born in Albania in 1910. Pyinmana.
• New Moore Island is situated in the Bay of Bengal. • Bulgaria and Greece are disputing over the historical
• Parliament of Switzerland is known as Federal Assembly. Macedonian territory.
• Pasumpatinath temple is in Nepal. • Historical materialism is a tenet of Marxims- approach to
• Photolysis is dissociation of water molecule in the chemical study mankind with respect to society, economy and history.
reaction of photosynthesis. • Lightning is formed when strong opposite charges in
• Pierry Cardin is famous fashion designer. different clouds break down the resistance offered by
• Pondicherry is the Union Territory of India which has a intervening air.
legislature. • John Locke published a famous pamphlet known as ‘Right
• India has 16% of world’s population. of Mass’ and urged the people in England, America and
• Postal Zone is indicated by the first two digits from left of France to fight for their liberty.
the Pincode. • Eli Whitney of America invented the cotton gin that
• Eyes of potato are used for vegetative propagation. separates seeds from cotton three hundred times faster that by
• Prunning is associated with the cultivation of tea. hand in 1793.
• The concept of Public Interest Litigation originated in UK. • In terms of the evolution of organism bat is the most
• Pulitzer Prizes are awarded to Americans for excellence in advanced among pigeon, shark & vultures.
journalism. • Large aperture telescopes are used for greater resolution.
• Quill feathers are on the wing and tail of birds and are • Anton van Leeuwenhoek first time saw bacteria through a
helpful during their flight. microscope made by him in 1683.
• Red Cross Movement was launched by J.H. Dunant. • A seed is a ripened ovule.
• Saw-scaled viper is the only snake that builds a nest. • Mr. Barack Hussein Obama is America’s 44th President.
• Scenes from a writer’s life is the autobiography of Ruskin • Pea can fix nitrogen from air.
Bond. • Exbiology is the study of life or its possibility on other
• The average salinity of sea water is 3.5%. planets.
• Gram, Pea and Soyabean group of seeds are richer in • Sandy soil is dry in comparison to clay due to Capillary
protein than Rice and Maize. action.
• A team of men in opposition to take over the different • The framers of the Constitution borrowed the idea of
portfolios in case the party is able to wrest power is known as judicial review from the Constitution of USA.
Shadow Cabinet. • Savana grasslands are found in Africa.
• Shahtoosh is the finest, warmest and lightest wool in the • The production of cultured pearls is an important cottage
world produced in Uzbekistan. industry of Belgium.
• If a ship desires to travel the shortest route, it must follow • When two organisms exit in such a way that only one is
longitude connecting the two joints b/w which travel is to be benefited by the other, the relationship is called Parasitism.
undertaken. • Qutub Minar made by Iltutmish, Gol Gumbaz made by
• Vatican is the smallest country in the world in terms of Mohammad Adil Shah, Buland Darwaza made by Akbar and
area. Moti Masjid made by Aurangzeb
• Snake is a limbless reptile. • El Nino is associated with world weather.
• USA is the world’s principal producer of Soyabean. • The Red Fort was built by Shahjehan.
• Stromboli is a volcano in Sicily. • 200th anniversary of the scientist in 2009…. Charles
• Tape worm has no digestive system because it is a Darwin
saprophyte. • BIN is the intelligence agency of…. Indonasia
• The Road Ahead is written by Bill Gates. • Silicon valley in California is famous because of Software
• Torah is the sacred book of the Parsis. Industry
• United Kingdom consists of England, Northern Island, • In 2008 monarchy ended in a country after 240 years…
Scotland & Wales. Nepal
• Wheatstone Bridge is used to measure resistances. • Country celebrating 50th anniversary of communist
• In Lawrence of Arabia Nobel Laureate Pearl S.Buck revolution… Cuba
collaborated. • Pearl Harbor is in the state of USA…. Hawaii
• Length of a terrestrial mile is lesser than that of a nautical • The term Intifada means… Uprising
mile. • Hamas was founded by.. Sheikh Ahmad Yasin in 1987.
• Bhakta Tukaram was a contemporary of Aurangzeb. • Likud and Kaldima parties belong to… Israel
• Cities of Afghanistan border along with Pakistan palestinian state
border……????? • A persons name was written and was asked about the
• Which city of Afghanistan produces most opium… organisation… red cross,
Helmand scouts, CNN, etc
• Transit trade agreement b/w pak and afghan in….1965 • Obama’s convoy to Middle East…. John Mitchel
• Oldest organization among OIC, ECO, SAARC and D8 • National Income of the country is…all income earn in year
……..OIC • Petra is a new archaelogical place in the country….. Jordan
• Tamils are fighting in which are of Srilanka… Jaffana • Madhya Pradesh is the largest state in India (by area); Uttar
• Naxalite movement is in … India Pardesh (by population)
• Teges is the currency of…. Kazikhstan • Sigmund Freud, physiologist, medical doctor, psychologist
• Hemmant Thakare was the… Chief of Indian Squad during and father of psychoanalysis, is generally recognized as one
Mumbai drama of the most influential and authoritative thinkers of the
• The Idea of AESM meeting organization was given by a twentieth century and the father of modern psychology.
person of country…Singapore….????? • The term digital divide refers to the gap between people
• World Bank president is …. Zollick with effective access to digital and information technology
• Petticoat government is the government by… Woman and those with very limited or no.
• Brain Drain is.. migration of skilled labour • Which gas company of Russia supplies gas to European
• Russia is worried about the Missile defence system of US states? Gazprom
in…..poland and czech republic. • Which famous character is produced by J.K Rowling?
• Russia gives oil to Europe through the route of… Ukraine Harry Potter
• Khar is in … Bajur • Which Railway line connects Pakistan and Iran? The
• The word Philately means.. Stamps collection Quetta-Zahedan line connects Pakistan and Iran by railway
• Study of Human races…. Ethnology • In which state of USA Hollywood is located? California.
• Marco Polo was.. Traveler • What is Ivy league? Ivy League is the name generally
• East India Company was established during the period of … applied to eight universities (Brown, Columbia, Cornell,
Jehangir Dartmouth, Harvard, Pennsylvania, Princeton, and Yale) that
• Operation cast lead was the name which killed 1400 over the years have had common interests in scholarship as
• Winner of 8-oscar awards movie in 2008….Slum dog well as in athletics.
Millionaire • Which female PM served for the longest period of time in
• Madam Tausand museum is in .. London the world? Margret Thature.
• 1-metric ton is equal to…1000kgs • Which member of Gandhi family died a natural death?
• UN spends $8-billion every year None.
on……..peacekeeping..?????? • Smeary (Dajla & Euphrates), Indian/Mohinjodaro. (Gangies
• US under agreement of partnership with Pakistan will give & Sindh) were flourishing at the banks of the mighty rivers.
………opportunity zones Recently Pakistan is aided by • Which of the Mughal emperor is burried outside the present
200mw by.. UAE Pak and India territory? Babur at Bagh-e-Babur (Kabul)
• Oldest anthem in the world is…. Netherlands (Afghanistan) & Bahadur Shah Zafar (Yangoon).
• Hung Parliament is….No single party has the majority • What is the freezing point of heavy water? Freezing point
• Country with the largest Kurd population… Iraq (°C) 3.82, Boiling point (°C) 101.4
• Country recently elected to IAEA…. Afghanistan • A pariah state is one whose conduct is considered to be out
• Country with which Pakistan is having most of his trade…. of line with international norms of behavior.
USA…????? • What name is given to the place of 9/11? Ground Zero
• Karachi Nuclear Power plant is with the help of … Canada • Gestapo” was the secret police of which country? Germany.
• A country closed her station for USA… Kyrgyzstan • Khalil Jibran belonged to which country? Lebanon
• World economic crisis was due to… Housing and mortgage 79.What it is called when Stock Exchange is going down?
problem in USA Bearish
• African Union President…. Moammar Gadhafi • Akelman desert is in which country? China
• Oil company Aramaco is of.. Saudi Arabia • When did Greenwich Meridian Watch start to work? 1884
• The country with foreign reserves of above $2 trillion… • What is Evangelicals?
Japan • Which monarchy has recently allowed females to rule?
• Khmer Rouge was attacked by…. combodia’s communist • Which was the native town of Babar? Farghana
party • Who is considered as the Leader of modern Chinese
• Statement to combat terrorism by task forces…. Zardari economy? Deng Xiaoping
• A place between the seven wonders..??????? • When did Crusade begin? 1099
• Russian News agency…..Itar-Tass • When for the first time ‘Doctrine of Necessity” was used in
• Israel peace process with palestine was stalled….size of Pakistan? Mulvi Tameez-ud-din case
• How many zero’z are in 1 trillion? 12 zero • Boston Tea Party event is related to American
• What Chinese Muslims are called in province ____of Independence.
China?province= Xinjiang Uygur, muslims named as = • First WW lasted for 4 years.
Geys’ Mazars • Germany was defeated by England in a naval fight in 1916
• The conquest of China, begun under Genghis, was in battle of Jutland.
completed 65 years later under KUBLAI KHAN. • Shortes ever war fought that lasted for 6 days Arab-Israel
• How many members were in the UN when it was war.
established? 51 • First civil war among Muslims was battle of Jamal.
• South Pole is in Antactica. • In 1845 British defeated Sikhs and captured Lahore in the
• Tallest tree is Redwood. battle of Sabraon.
• East Timore got independence from Indonesia. • Where can you find London bridge today: USA ( Arizona )
• Kosovo got indidependence from Yogoslavia. • Which animal lays eggs: Duck billed platypus
• Asia’s population is 58.6% of world population. • What do deciduous trees do Lose their leaves in winter
• Asia size is 29.5% of the world. • How many feet in a fathom Six
• Average temp: on siachen is -40 degree Celcius. • Christopher Columbus sailed in the Nina – Pinta and Santa
• Siachen means place of wild roses. Maria
• India and Pak: are fighting on Siachen since 1984. • Which leader died in St Helena: Napoleon Bonaparte
• India launched operation Vidhara on Siachen in 1984. • What does ring a ring a roses refer to: The Black Death
• Length of line of control is 720 km. • What would you do with a maris piper :Eat it – it’s a potato
• All parties Huriyat Conference is a party of 23 parties. • What is the currency of Austria: Schilling
• % of Muslims in Jammu & Kashmir is 95%. • What is the Islamic equal to the red cross: Red Crescent
• Afghan ruler at the time of USSR invasion was BArbark • What are Munroes: Mountains in Scotland
Kermal. • What does an alopecia sufferer lack Hair
• Taliban regime came into power in 1996. • What is a baby rabbit called Kit or Kitten
• Second largest ethinc group in Afghanistan is Tajik. • Which country had The Dauphin as a ruler France
• Intifada means uprising. • What is a Winston Churchill Cigar
• PLO established in 1964 its HQ is in Rammalah. • Who or what lives in a formicarium Ants
• Al-Fateh was established in 1958. • It’s a flock of sheep what’s a group of owls called
• PLO was expelled by Jordon. Parliament
• Hazbullah means Party of God. • What animal would you find in a form- Hare
• Yasir Arafat passed away in Paris on 11 Nov: 2004. • John browe minnoch (1941-83) of USA was the heaviest
• Hamas was formed in 1987. man. He weighted 635 kgs.
• Egypet is both in Africa & Asia (Northeastern Africa & • The first product to have a bar code was Wrigley’s gum.
Southwestern Asia). Sinai Peninsula is the part of Egypt that • The Mona Lisa has no eyebrows. It was the fashion in
lies in Asia. Renaissance Florence to shave them off.
• Only African country that remained independent during • The cigarette lighter was invented before the match
colonial rule was Ethiopia. • Every drop of seawater contains approximately 1 billion
• UAE comprises of 7 states. gold atoms
• Zimbabwe gained independence in 1980. • The US national anthem actually has three verses, but
• Protectorate state of world is Bhutan. everyone just knows the first one.
• Temple of Tooth (Budha’s tooth) is at Kandy. • The total combined weight of the worlds ant population is
• Napoleon was exiled to St: Helena in Mediterranean in heavier than the weight of the human population.
1814-15. • Buckingham Palace in England has over six hundred rooms
• Leif Eriesson reaced North America. • The winter of 1932 was so cold that Niagara Falls froze
• Columbus discovered South America in 1494. completely solid
• Sir Hugh Willoighby & Richard Chancellor discovered • Butterflies taste with their feet
White Sea and ocean route to Russia. • One of the countries through which equator passes is:
• Wiiliam Janszoon discovered Australia. Malaysia
• Abel Taman discovered Newzealand, Tongo & Fiji in 1642. • Clocks, which moves with the velocities comparable with
• Confucianism is found in China & Taiwan. the velocity of light, run: with zero velocity
• Jesus Christ was born at Bethalhem, Jerusalem. • Humming bird belongs to a category called: Endotherm
• Gautam Siddharta Buddha was born in Nepal. • PERT is a technique used for which one of the following?
• Shintoism is in Japan. Project Management
• Roman Empire was established in 27 B.C by Octavian. • Han myung has become the first woman prime minister of
• Mughals ruled India for 331 years. south korea.
• Opium war waged from 1839-42 b/w China & Britain. • At which international film festival is the ‘Golden Lion’
awarded to the best film? Venice Film Festival Cantons: Switzerland
• Which of the following planets takes nearly the same time • Who created Tarzan (all names) in 1914: Edgar Rice
for a rotation on its own axis as does the Earth? Mars Burroughs
• Who was the founder of the Asiatic Society? William Jones • Who is the only American president elected unopposed:
• Fortis Hospitals chain is an enterprise of Ranbaxy George Washington
• The major natural regions of the world are delineated • Which countries men use the most deodorant: Japan
primarily on the basis of temperature, rainfall and cultivated • What was the first credit card: Diners Club
vegetation • Which country made the worlds first feature film in 1906:
• The agreement between India and China, by which both Australia Story of Kelly gang
accepted Panchsheel as the basis of their relations, was • Where is the worlds largest gold depository: Federal reserve
signed in 1954 bank Manhattan
• Which of the following territories of India was/were • What is 6 inches bigger in Summer: Eiffel tower
invaded by China on November 19, 1962? Ladakh and • Which 1956 film caused riots in cinemas: Rock around the
NEFA clock
• Deflation is contraction in volume of money or credit that • From what language does the word alphabet come: Greek -
results in a decline of price level alpha beta
• Which one of the following is not allied to Geophysical • What was the first film made in cinemascope: The robe
Sciences? Palaeontology • A pearmain is what type of fruit: Apple
• The conservation of hawks and owls is important to • What did God create on the fifth day (both): Sea creatures
mankind chiefly because these birds eat many harmful and birds
rodents • What were the first false teeth made from: Ivory
• the plane of the earth’s equator were not inclined to the • Which leader lives in the Potola: Dalai Lama
plane of • Which country invented the concentration camp: Britain –
• In which city was the famous black hole: Calcutta Boer war
• If you had rubella what would you have caught: German • Scotopic people can do what: See in the dark
Measles • What is the most critical thing keeping bananas fresh
• La Giaconda is better known as what: Mona Lisa transport: Temperature not below 13 C 55F
• Eric Arthur Blaire was the real name of which author: • What city has Kogoshima as its airport: Tokyo
George Orwell • What is a baby whale called: Calf
• Which country do Sinologists study: China • On what is the Mona Lisa painted: Wood
• What is Orchesis – either professional or amateur: Art of • Which bird turns it head upside down to eat: Flamingo
Dancing • Who rode a horse called Bucephalus: Alexander the Great
• Whose autobiography was The long walk to Freedom: • Who invented popcorn: American Indians
Nelson Mandela • For what is spirits of salt another name: Hydrochloric acid
• Clyde Tonbaugh discovered what planet in 1930: Pluto • What flower is the symbol of secrecy: Rose
• Which chess piece could be a member of the church: • What is the white trail behind a jet plane made from: Ice
Bishop Crystals
• Which American state is nicknamed The Diamond State: • If you were doing vaccimulgence what doing: Milking a
Delaware cow
• What martial arts name means gentle way: Judo • Who was the Greek goddess of love: Aphrodite
• Kimberlite contains what precious item: Diamonds • What is the only creature that can turn its stomach inside
• Which country introduced the worlds first diesel loco in out: Starfish
1912: Germany • What is the worlds most popular green vegetable: Lettuce
• What animals name translates as water horse: • Which country had the first women MPs 19 in 1907:
Hippopotamus Finland
• Which two metals are alloyed to make pewter: Tin and • Which Mediterranean countries orchestra is bigger than its
Lead army Monaco
• What is the longest river in Italy: Po • Where can you buy a copy of Penguin News: Falkland
• Oil seed rape belongs to which plant family: Mustard Islands
• Zambia and Zimbabwe used to be called what: Rhodesia • Which African country was founded by Americans: Liberia
• What is the staple food of one third of the worlds • What was Britain called – before it was Britain: Albion
population: Rice • What part of a frog do you rub to hypnotise it: Its belly
• What digit does not exist in Roman Numerals: Zero • What was the first gramophone record made from: Tinfoil
• Who was nicknames The desert Fox (both Names): Erwin • which famous person invented the cat flap: Isaac Newton
Rommel • What was invented by Dr Albert Southwick in 1881:
• Which European country is divided into areas called Electric chair
• Where would you find line of Mars – Girdle of Venus: • Which country has the worlds biggest (on land) National
Palm – lines in Palmistry Park: Canada – Wood Buffalo 17300s ml
• What do Ombrophobes fear: Rain • What was Edison’s first practical invention: Tick a Tape for
• Who landed on Timor Island after being cast adrift: Captain stockmarket
Bligh • Which company invented the transistor radio in 1952: Sony
• A C-Curity was the original name of what common object: • What metal impurity makes rubies red and emeralds green:
Zip Fastener Chromium
• What does ludo mean (literally): I Play • What is dittology: Double meaning
• An elephant has 400000 what in its trunk: Muscles • Which country invented the mariners compass: China
• What colour is cerulean: Deep Blue • How was Alexander the Greats body preserved: In large jar
• What does Zip stand for in the American Zip Code: Zone of honey
Improvement Plan • What was invented 1903 – patented 1906 G C Beilder:
• Percy Shaw invented what in 1934: Cats eyes Photocopier
• Which acid was first prepared from distilled red ants: • What country consumes the most coal each year: China
Formic acid • What does soviet mean: Workers Council
• Milton lost which sense: Sight • In which city is the worlds oldest museum – Ashmolian
• Eiffel designed the Eiffel tower – what was his first name: 1679: Oxford
Gustave • To what family does the hippopotamus belong: Pig
• The Koh-i-Nor is a famous diamond – what does the name • In which city is the worlds oldest tennis court from 1496:
mean: Mountain of Light Paris
• What was Britain’s first colony (annexed in 1583): • Who said Politics is the art of the possible 11 Aug 1867:
Newfoundland Otto Von Bismarck
• A skulk is a group of which animals: Foxes • In which country did Turkeys originate: USA
• Who was the Goddess of the rainbow: Iris • What colour is worn for funerals in Egypt: Yellow
• Who was the first actor to appear on cover of Time • An Arab horse has less what than other horses: Bones – one
magazine: Charlie Chaplin vertebra less
• In which country did the turnip originate: Greece • In what country did red onions originate: Italy
• Which animals can live longest without water: Rats • What job did Ernest Hemmingway do in WW1: Ambulance
• Which fruit contains the most protein: Avocado Driver
• In sailing ship days who often acted as the ships doctor: • What was the name of the Roman God of sleep-Somnos
Cook • What is the name of the four holy books of the Hindus-The
• A muster is a group of which birds: Peacocks Vedas
• Which country grew the first Orange: China • What animal always gives birth to same sex twins-
• Gossima was the original name of what game: Table Tennis Armadillo
 A kindle is the name for a group of what • What colour is named after a battle fought in Italy in 1859-
young animals: Kittens Magenta
• Minerva is the Goddess of what: Wisdom • What does the name Ghengis Khan mean-Very Mighty
• One person every 6 seconds dies from what: Contaminated Ruler
water diseases • What is the most common disease in the world-Dental
• The length of what is approximately 1/10th circumference Caries
of earth: Great wall of China • Which country was the first to make seat belts compulsory-
• USA has most airports which country has second most: Czechoslovakia
Australia • A young what is called an Eyas-Hawk
• In 1829 Walter Hunt invented what common item: Safety • In a Gynocracy – who rules- Women
Pin • What type of animal is a markhor-Wild Goat
• Who invented punched cards used in early computing • What is the last book of the Bible-Revelations
1880s: Herman Hollerith • What historical event was referred to as Black 47-Irish
• 1500 paces was what Roman measurement: League Potato Famine
• Who gave the UN the land in NY to build their HQ: John D • Tempera uses water and what to paint with- Egg Yoke
Rockerfeller • Which company developed the Laser Printer -Cannon
• Which writer coined the word Cyberspace in 1984: William • The name of which countries capital means good air-
Gibson –Neuromancer Argentina – Buenos Aires
• What is the oldest known infectious disease: Leprosy • Which dictator preferred 50,000 rifles to 50,000 votes-
• What was invented in 1855 45 years later than it was Benito Mussolini
needed: Can Opener • What country was once named New France- Canada
• Chogori is better know by what boring name: K2 • In which country were modern banknotes first used-Sweden
• What does the syrinx help a bird to do-Sing • In what country is the northernmost point of Africa-Tunisia
• What food item in French literally means twice cooked- • In what film – Charlie Chaplain have his first speaking part
Biscuit 1940-The Great Dictator
• The Titanic has a sister ship – name it-The Olympic • What Prophet in the Bible had a talking donkey-Balaam
• Halcyon is the poetic name for which bird-Kingfisher • What common word comes from the Latin for who are you-
• Which country invented French fried potatoes-Belgium Quiz
• The word bungalow comes from which language-Hindi • Napoleon had a fear of what – Aelurophobia-Cats
• What is the Japanese Shinkasen-High speed Train • If you graduate with a degree in music what colour tassel
• What is a travelator-Horizontal Escalator wear-Pink
• Where was Napoleon born-Ajaccio -Corsican capitol • In the Bible who built the ancient city of Babylon-Nimrod
• In the wild what animal pollinates banana plants-Bats • What was the first day of the year in the Roman calendar-
• What colour is the Black Box carried in aircraft-Orange 25th March
• Allium Sativum is better known as what-Garlic • What does Karaoke literally mean -Empty Orchestra
• What was Madam Curie’s husbands name-Pierre • In what country did stamp collecting start -France
• The USA president lives in the White House – Who Blue • Where do the White and Blue Niles join-Khartoum – in
House-President South Korea Sudan
• What does an aronophobe fear -Internet • What are young bats called-Pups
• Which world famous landmark is found on Mount Lee? The • What plant has flowers but no leaves-Cactus
Hollywood Sign • Who was the Roman Goddess of peace-Pax
• The name of which Indian city means Village of Boiled • What is a baby squirrel called-Kit or Kitten
Beans -Bangalore • If you are born in March what is your Flower-Violet
• What county has its map on its flag-Cyprus • What is the only word in English that ends in mt-Dreamt
• Lucknow is a city in India – and what other country-Canada • What country has a Bible on its flag-Dominican Republic
• What invention was nicknamed the Noisy Serpent in 1902- • What is the only number in English that has letters in alpha
Vacuum Cleaner order-Forty
• What country has a regiment of bicycle mounted soldiers- • What is the name for 100th of a second-A Jiffy
Switzerland • 10% (by weight) of the worlds land animals are what
• Which animal has legs but cant walk- Hummingbird species- Ants
• In what city 1985 was the worlds first computer museum • The milk of what creature will not curdle- Camel
opened-Boston • What do cockroaches do every fifteen minutes-Fart
• Skeleton is derived from Greek – what is its literal • Noah’s Ark had two of everything including what feature-
translation-Dried Up Windows
• Edward Hunter USA Journalist invented what term Korean • The Invisible Empire is better known as what-Klu Klux
war-Brainwashing Klan
• What word in English has the most definitions-Set • The word vinegar come from French meaning what-Sour
• Desire for more cows is the translation what Sanskrit word- Wine
War – same in English • In Saudi Arabia by law women may not become what-A
• What is the most mentioned name in the Bible-David – Doctor
Jesus is second • Most blue eyed cats are what-Deaf
• What is a spermologer interested in- Trivia • The name of which animal means does not drink-Koala
• What is 2000 in Roman Numerals- MM • Collective Nouns – a Convocation of what-Eagles
• What is the sacred animal of Thailand-White Elephant • In proportion which animal has the largest eye-Cat
• We have all heard Hari Krishna – what does Krishna mean- • Collective Nouns – a Cast of what -Falcons
Dark as a cloud • What European countries flag is square-Switzerland
• Feline cats – Bovine Cows – Aquiline what -Eagle • What is an octothrope-The # symbol
• What animal is the symbol of long life in Korea-Deer • Tigers have stripped fur – what colour is their skin-Stripped
• What animal was the symbol of freedom in ancient Rome- • What bird has the most feathers per square inch-Penguin
Cat • A dog is canine – what animal is ovine-Sheep
• Time Magazine named what as the Man of the Year 1982- • A cat is feline – what animal is murine-Mouse or Rat
The Computer • The Golden Rain is the common name of what tree-
• What animals teeth were used as knife blades by the Laburnum
Indians-Beaver • What countries nation anthem is Land of Two Rivers-Iraq
• If you were studying Iatrology what would you be studying- • Queen Alexandria’s is the worlds largest what-Butterfly 1
Science of Medicine foot wing
• The United Nations in New York were originally where- • Collective nouns – A train of what -Camels
San Francisco • Who said “The child is the father of the man”-Wordsworth
• Collective nouns – a streak of what-Tigers • Monology is the study of what- Stupidity
• There are over 130000 species of what on earth-Butterflies • What country is the worlds oldest functioning democracy-
• Azote was the original name of what element-Nitrogen Iceland
• What animals cannot swim-Gorillas • What country consumes the most fish per capita-Japan
• The UIT govern what sport-International shooting union • If you suffered from pyrexia what have you got-Fever
• There are more telephones than people in what city- • Nine inches in nautical measure is called what- A Span
Washington USA • What country drink the most milk per capita-Iceland
• If you landed at Arlanda airport where would you be- • Where was volleyball invented-France
Stockholm Sweden • What is mosquitoes main food-Nectar from flowers
• What country declared itself first atheist state in 1967- • What killed half the US soldiers in WW1- 1918 Flu
Albania – banned religion Epidemic
• What is the Roman numerals for 3000-MMM • What is the opposite of Plenum-Vacuum
• What are Jean Bernard, Pierre St-Martin and Berger in • Where was the worlds first oil well drilled-Pennsylvania
France-Worlds deep caves • Who was the pilot in the first fatal air crash-Orville Wright
• Dallol Ethiopia has what claim to fame-Worlds hottest • There is one gallon of water in every cubic mile of what-
• average place 94-Where are Bay of Heats and Bay of Dew Fog
Sinus Aestuum – Roris-Near side of Moon • What capital city translates as Capital City in the native
• What is Canada’s oldest city founded in 1608-Quebec tongue-Seoul – South Korea
• Narcotics comes from the Greek – what it literally mean- • What food are astronauts prohibited before a mission Beans
Electric eels – put on foreheads – Farts damage spacesuits
• Siddhartha Gautama became better known as who-Buddha • What does a myrmecologist study-Ants
• Where was Ice Cream invented- China • Women do it twice as often as men – what -Blink
• What was Socrates wife’s name-Xanthippe • first man to set foot on all five continents- Captain Cook
• What order of insects contains the most species-Beetles • What gives onions their distinctive smell- Sulphur – taken
• What is Rice Paper made from-A Tree – The Rice Paper in when growing
Tree pith • What animals name comes from the Sanskrit to steal-Mouse
• What is Nelson Mandela’s middle name-Rolihlahla – Musha
• Tenzin Gyatso became what in 1937-Dali Lama • What is a Winter Banana -A variety of Apple
• In what country was Mother Theresa born- Albania • Where are the glasshouse mountains- Queensland Australia
• Reykjavik translates into what-Smoky Bay • Mesopotamia means- Between two Rivers
• What is Christmas Disease-Mild Haemophilia • Only three Angels are named in Bible Gabriel Michael and
• What US state is the magnolia state-Mississippi who- Lucifer
• 72% of what country is covered by forest- Finland • What animals name translate from Arabic as He who walks
• On what are the worlds smallest paintings painted- Pin fast Giraffe – from Xirapha
Heads • What is in the Red Data Book- Endangered Species
• What city used to be known as Bytown-Ottawa • Who wrote the book – Call of the Wild-Jack London
• The Red Rose City has what more common name in • What is the name of the scale measuring depth of coma
Jordan-Petra (GCS)- Glasgow Coma Scale
• Who does a Filicide kill-Son or Daughter • Which 19th century battle UK / USA fought after peace
• What was the first country to recognise the US as signed- Battle of New Orleans
independent-Morocco • What place is nicknamed “The City of Lilies”- Florence
• And what country won it- Sweden • In what literary work would you find the yahoos- Gulliver’s
• What is the worlds most widely eaten fish- Herring Travels
• What was the name of the first presidential aircraft -Sacred • What place was nicknamed “The Pearl of the Orient”-
Cow Manilla – Philippines
• What flower is the symbol of culture-The Lotus • Operation Dracula in WWII freed what city- Rangoon
• In what prison did Nelson Mandela spend 19 of 27 years in Burma
jail-Robben Island • What countries name translates as lion mountains- Sierra
• What is Virga-Rain the don’t reach ground Leone
• A Pullicologist is an expert in what-Fleas • In WW2 what was the German codename for invasion of
• What colour is caffeine- White powder Russia- Barberossa
• In what country would you buy Kingfisher lager-India • FIDE govern what game -Chess
• Name Australia’s highest mountain-Mount Kosciusko • The density of what is measured on the Rngelmann scale-
• What was Napoleons mothers name-Laticia Smoke
• In what language was The Communist Manifesto written- • Who would be scored on the Apgar scale- Newborn Babies
German • geographical dividing line N/S Korea- 38th Parallel
• first American state to enter the union 7 Dec 1787- • What cities underground has the most stations-New York
Delaware Pennsylvania second • Name the Hong Kong stock exchange-Hang Seng
• old man in The Old Man and the Sea named Santiago • What is a bandy bandy-A Snake
• unit of sound named after- Alexander Graham Bell – • What is the fastest creature raced for sport-Pigeon
Decibel • The New Testament originally written in what language-
• What nationality was first person in space not US or Greek
Russian Czech – Vladimir Remek Soyuz 28 • What is the only Christian country in Asia-The Philippines
• Inspecting Galvaynes Groove tells you what- Age of horse • A snake has only one lung.
– it’s on its teeth • Canaan Banana was the first president of where-Zimbabwe
• first space probe to land on the moon 13 Sept 1959 Luna 2 • What hairs are the last to lose their colour with age-
• What fish has its head at right angles to its body- Sea Horse Eyelashes
• In what country is the worlds largest pyramid Mexico – • The Black Death came to England from what port-Calais
Quetzalcoatl • What is the currency of Egypt-The Pound
• What city was known as Christiana until 1925- Oslo – • The town of Banana in Queensland is named after what-A
Sweden huge bullock
• What sea is directly north of Poland- Baltic sea • After English what’s the most widely used language on the
• What is the name of the cranial bone just above your ear net-German
Temporal • Two thirds of the worlds geysers are found where-
• Who led the Soviets when they invaded Hungary in 1956 Yellowstone Park
Nikita Khruschcev • Where were the worlds first paved streets-Rome 170 bc
• In astronomy what are rapidly rotating neutron stars called • The word Angel derives from the Greek meaning what-
Pulsars Messenger
• The word Atom comes from the Greek meaning what • Name the first film to have its sequel released in the same
Indestructible year-King Kong – Son of Kong
• What part of the body is most bitten by insects The Foot • What’s unusual about the moons of Uranus-Named
• 90% of bird species are what Monogamous Shakespeare characters
• countries on 2 continents Russia Turkey (Asia Europe) and • What colour is the number 10 on 10 Downing street-White
Egypt – Africa and Asia • What Olympic event was dropped in 1920-Tug of War -
• What are male crabs known as Jimmies 1900 to 1920
• In WW2 the Germans launched operation Bernhard – what • The average child wears out 730 by age ten 730 what-
Counterfeit British Notes Crayons
• Kangaroos and Emus can’t do what-Walk backwards • What nation invented the toilet seat- Egyptian
• What country had three presidents – in the same day- • What is an onychophagist- A nail biter
Mexico • Woman’s are faster than men’s, they usually have more –
• There are 300 distinct different types of what food-Honey what-Heartbeats
• What country has three capital cities Admin Legislate • The electric light first available product what’s second-
Judicial-South Africa Electric Oven
• Countries name means Place where one struggles with God- • What’s the only city today split in two by a wall-Nicosia
Israel Cyprus
• Ecuador was named after who / what-The Equator • What is the Latin word for poison-Virus
• The Davis Strait lies between Canada and where-Greenland • In medicine what is an Anomaloscope used for-Test for
• Children take SATs what does SAT stand for-Standard colour blindness
assessment tasks • In what sport would you find a Tell Tale-Squash – Tin strip
• A lion and a sword appear on what countries flag-Sri Lanka ball can’t hit
• What animals are likely to die first from global warming- • What is the most redesigned appliance in the world-
Polar Bears Telephone Handset
• In the 19th century what was known as inheritance powder- • In Tennis where is the Australian Open played-Flinders
Arsenic – as poison Park
• What animal has the most taste buds over 27000-Catfish • What was the first sport to be filmed -Boxing by Thomas
• What is sometimes nicknamed Adams Profession-Gardener Edison 1894
• What profession makes regular use of vibrators-Potters – • What is measured on the Torro scale -Tornados
remove air from clay • Satan is Lucifer but what does Lucifer mean -The Light
• What part of the body ages the fastest-The Hands Bearer
• What is the word Taxi short for-Taximeter • What does a Grabatologist collect-Ties
• In medicine what is nicknamed a blue pipe-A Vein • What country has two AK47 assault rifles on it’s flag -
• What sport was called The Royal Sport-Cock Fighting Mozambique
• The Arabs call it Al-Maghrib what do we call it-morocco Elephant over 50 years
• In what country did tulips originate- Persia • Who was the father of Alexander the Great- Philip II of
• Where would you find a Dry Bible :Heart chamber of a Macedon
Ruminant • Which country makes the most films per year- India
• Which mammal has the fewest teeth- Armadillo – none • In what does a steganographer write messages- Invisible ink
• An IVP is used to detect what medical condition- Kidney • The martial art tai quon do translates literally as what Kick
Stones- Intravenuspylorigram Art Way
• What colour is iridium-Steel Grey • Who wrote “To err is human to forgive divine” Alexander
• What’s the worlds longest rail journey made no train Pope essay on criticism
change Moscow Peking • What is the capital of Panama- Panama
• Who was called The Man of Destiny-Napoleon Bonaparte • Name the Capital of the Ukraine-Kiev
• What word is derived from the Arabic mawsim meaning • In Bradshaws you would find information about what-
season Monsoon Railways
• Sicily is the traditional source of which element- Sulphur • Which countries leader was an extra in Hollywood-Fidel
• Who was the first person to wear a wristwatch- Queen Castro
Elizabeth 1st • BOZ was the penname if which writer-Charles Dickens
• What city is at the mouth of the Menam river- Bangkok • Which spice comes in hands -Ginger
• Ireland and New Zealand are the only countries that lack • In the Old Testament what is the first book of Moses-
what Native Snakes Genesis – first 5 all Moses books
• Who named a city after his horse Bucephalus Alexander the • What is the literal meaning of the title Viceroy-In place of
Great the King
• In Hindu philosophy what does Yoga literally mean- Union • What word describes one tenth of a nautical mile-Cable
• Who was the founder of Judaism-Abraham • Men are ten times more likely than women to have what-
• Which sea is sometimes called the Euxine Sea- Black Sea Colour Blindness
• What is a Fata Morgana- Type of Mirage • What has 32 panels and 642 stitches-A football (soccer)
• What is or was the capitol of Hong Kong- Victoria • Oil is the most traded product in the world what is the
• What creature can live up to one year without eating ( you? second-Coffee
) Bedbug • What animals evidence is admissible in US courts-A
• The word Sofa comes from the Arabic meaning what Bench Bloodhound
• Which plant gets its name from the Persian for turban Tulip • Which country in the world produces the most mangos-
• What celestial body gets its name from the Greek long India
haired Comet • 2.47105 acres is equal to what SI unit-Hectare
• What are the Roman numerals for 505- DV • The word philosophy comes from Greek literally meaning
• In WW1 what were Lucifer’s- Matches what Love of wisdom
• In Animal Farm what was the name of the farm- Manor • In computing what does EPOS stand for-Electronic Point of
Farm Sale
• Where was pizza first invented Milan • Vanilla is part of which plant family-Orchids
• In what country did the Sabines live- Italy • Name woman set up free birth control clinic in Holloway in
• Operation Thunderbolt was the nickname given to which 1920 Marie Stopes
raid: Israeli raid on Entebbe • The Wright brothers made aircraft but what was their other
• The cast iron plant is another name for which pot plantn job: Bicycle manufacturers
Aspidistra • Which city is the capital of Tuscany-Florence
• The word Mongol means what in Mongolian- Brave • What is the opposite of nocturnal -Diurnal
• In the USA what is Marine One- Presidents Helicopter • What fruit does not ripen after picking-Pineapple
• Name the first teddy bear in space- Mishka 1980 Olympic • What country consumes the most coffee per capita 25 Lb-
mascot Finland
• Which acid dissolves glass- Hydrofluoric Acid • In the animal kingdom what creatures are in the order—
• What is a half of a half of a half of a half- A Sixteenth Chiroptera-Bats
• Airman T E Shaw in WW2 was better known as who- T E • What would you do with a wandering sailor-Plant it it’s a
Laurence of Arabia plant
• Hydrosis is the medical term for what -Sweating • Germans call a WW1 sea fight Battle of Skagerrak what in
• What does per capita literally mean- Per Head UK Battle of Jutland
• What country used the ringgit as currency- Malaysia • Sand, Soda and what are the main ingredients of glass-
• On a standard rainbow what colour is on the inside of the Limestone
curve Violet • What colour are the seats in the House of Lords-Red –
• What animal stands for the longest period- African Commons green
• If a doctor gave you an Ishihara test what is he testing-for • What does CMOS stand for in a computer- Complimentary
Colour blindness metalOxide semi-conductor
• Only one miracle is mentioned in all four gospels what is it: • Which worlds city is known as The Golden City: Prague
Feeding of 5000 Czech
• What is the official language of Cuba-Spanish • Which country contains every type of climate in the
• What new invention was shown to Queen Victoria 14 Jan world:New Zealand
1878:The telephone • In what country was the paperclip invented-Norway
• A horses height is measured from the ground to what part • Where is the only digital rolex watch in the world
:Withers – base of neck crest line :Wimbledon centre court
• Who was the last Emperor of France-Napoleon III • Where were the original loopholes- Castle walls – arrow
• What country does China have its longest land border with: firing slits
Mongolia • What religious leaders name means Sign of God: Ayatollah
• Where are a whales nipples -On its back • In which country is the Nokia company based- Finland
• What is measured in units called jnd-Sensitivity Just • What is unique about the pistol star- Brightest in sky
Noticeable difference • The Afghan Taliban use which colour of flag- White
• A napiform thing is shaped like what-A turnip • What was Queen Victoria’s first name- Alexandria
• What was the first country in 1824 to legalise Trade • In Sanskrit it means House of Snow – what does-Himalayas
Unions-Britain • What was the White House formerly known as – Executive
• What is the worlds longest insect-Borneo stick insect Mansion
• The angel shark has what other name-The monkfish • Which is the only middle eastern county without a desert
• Which creatures communicate by touch, smell and dance- Lebanon
Bees • Who invented the word pandemonium – John Milton –
• In which country did the study of geometry originate -Egypt capitol of hell
• What was the capitol of Russia before Moscow-Saint • Which companies name translates as abundant fields:
Petersburg Toyota
• And who designed it-Michelangelo • What is the hole in a pencil sharpener called- Chuck
• What does the DIN number mean on photographic film- • What is the meaning of Ghandi- Grocer
Speed of film • What is the most chemically complex food – over 300
• In the body what do the Islets of Langerhans do-Secrete chemicals Chocolate
Insulin • Which building material gets its name from Arabic for the
• What capitol is on the slopes of the volcano Pichincha- brick Adobe
Quito Ecuador • Russia has one but the US has at least six – what: Places
• What is embolia-Hesitations in speech called Moscow
• Vitamin B2 has what other name Riboflavin • What was Helen Keller’s first word- Water
• What is the biggest tourist attraction in Zambia-Victoria • Which country consumes the most chicken per capita:
falls Saudi Arabia
• In WW2 what kind of aircraft was a horsa-A glider • What was the distress call before SOS- CQD – come quick
• A newborn bactrian camel has how many humps- None Danger
• Where is the worlds largest mine-Carletonville South Africa • What does Honolulu mean in Hawaiian- Sheltered Harbour
• In the Sikh religion what is kesh-Uncut hair or beard • Which fruit is the symbol of hospitality- Pineapple
• At Waterloo who commanded the Prussian troops: Marshal • Which city is built on 118 islands- Venice
Blucher • In WW1 what warning device was on the top of Eiffel
• Which bird is the symbol of the Royal Society Protection Tower: Parrots
Birds Avocet • What is sometimes referred to as Zulu time- Greenwich
• Which microbe produces alcohol-Yeast – alcohol is yeast mean time
piss • Nylon was invented in 1934 what product first used it:
• In WW2 in what French city did the Germans surrender Toothbrush
Reims • Before 1687 clocks never had what- Minute hands
• What was Ghandi’s profession- Lawyer • What was the most bombed place in WW2- Malta
• Which is the oldest walled city in the world- Jericho • The word Utopia from Greek means what-Nowhere
• What does Magna Carta literally mean- Great Charter • Which vegetable is 91% water – Cabbage
• Who built the worlds first film studio- Thomas Alva Edison • Which English word comes from the French for candle:
• The word nylon is made up from what- New York – Chandelier
London • In which European capitol city is a cannon fired at 1.00 pm
• What country is coffee originally from- Ethiopia daily Edinburgh
• What is the currency of Turkey- Lira • Worldwide most capitol cities begin with which letter- B
• What creature is the symbol of medicine- Snake individual billionaires in the world.out of these, 108 belonged
• Which vegetable is also a flower- Broccoli to USA,44 belonged to germany and 34 were japanese.
• What nationality was Cleopatra- Greek • The earth is the densest planet of universe .It has density of
• A university has a campus what does it literally mean:A 5.515 time that of water.
Field • La Paz,capital city of Bolivia (south america), is situated at
• What does the name Dracula mean in Romanian: Son of the an altitude of 3631 metres (12087 feet) from the sea level.
Devil • The panch pokhri lake situated in the himalaya mountains is
• Whose name translates as Emperor of all-Genghis Khan the highest lake in the world.
• Which country was the first to issue parking tickets:France • The present palace of sultan of brunei in the capital city of
• Name the first war submarine invented by David Bushnell it bandar seri begawan consisting of 1788 rooms is the largest
sank Turtle palace.
• In which city was Galileo born- Pisa • Mahavira(founder of jainism)and gautama buddha (founder
• The most common name in the world is Mohammed of buddism) were contemporaries and flourished in india in
• Cats have over one hundred vocal sounds,dogs only have the 6th century B.C.
about ten • The three pyramids of eqypt were built from 2700 to 2500
• There was once an undersea post office in the Bahamas B.C.,these are tombs of khufu,khafra and menkaura.
• There are more chickens than people in the world • The great wall of china was completed in 204 B.C.it is 1500
• The scientist who designed the first internal combustion miles long.Its average height is 25 feet and about 12 feet
engine used to burn low grade fuel. Etienne Lenoir wide at the top.
• The scientist who asserted the earth to be a huge magnet: • The city rome was founded in 753 B.C. by romolus.
Ben Franklin • The muslim rule of spain lasted from 711 to 1492 A.D.
• The scientist who discovered water.Belinda Mooney • The statue of liberty (newyork) was installed in 1886.It is
• The scientist who asserted the earth to be a huge magnet: 151 feet one inch high from the base to torch.
William Gilbert • The world is divided into 24 time zones,each 15` longtitude
• All of the oxygen that you breathe has been produced by the wide. the longitudinal meridian passing through
splitting of water during __ Oxidative phosphorylation ___. greenwich,England is the starting point and is called the
• Edible part of tomato is whole fruit. prime meridian.
• One micron is equal to One-thousandth of a millimeter. • Christopher columbus discovered bahamas on 12 oct 1492
• First world war was began on 1914 A.D. and second world A.D.
war started in 1939 when germany attacked on poland, it is • The world famous golden gate bridge is located in San
also considered as Greatest war. francisco(usa).
• Columbus discovered america on 1492 A.D. • Russia invaded afghanistan on dec 27,1979.
• The Royal Majesty ship Queen Elizabeth (UK) is the largest • Hongkong was returned to china on july 1,1997.
pessenger ship in the world.It is 314 metres long and 36 • Eritrea became an independent state on may 24,1993.
metres wide. • A billion contain 1000 million. It has 9 zeroes. similarly a
• The cambodian language is a language which has a total trillion has 12 zeroes,a quadrillion 15 zeroes,a quintillion 18
number of 74 alphabets. zeroes and a decillion 33 zeroes.
• The Sumerian civilization is considered to be the oldest • One inch is equal to 2.5400 cms and one mile is equal to
civilization of the world. 1.6093 kms.
• Jericho,situated in the Jorden valley is the oldest town of • About half of the world population speaks indo-european
the world. languages. The Indo-European branch to which english
• The maximum ever temperature of 136.4 F was recorded on belongs is germanic.
september 13,1922 in the city Azizia (Libya) and The • The original inhabitants of USA are known as Red Indians.
minimum temperature of -129.6 F was recorded in the town • Out of the 193 sovereign independent nations of the world
of Vostok near Antarctica on 24th august , 1960. 147 are republics and other 46 are under personal rules (14
• The highest rainfall for one month was recorded at Indian kings,1 emperor,3 queens,7 hereditary sheikhs,1 grand
town of Cherapoonje. 366,14 inches rain fell there during the duke,2 sultans,1 constitutional monarch etc).
month of july 1861. • Gwadar became a part of pakistan on september 9,1958.
• Sierra Leone has the lowest GDP per capita of 510 US • All india mulim league was formulated on december
dollars and Luxembourg has the highest GDP per capita of 30,1906 and first president was Sir Agha Khan.
36,400 US dollars. • Afghanistan got independence on 19th aug 1919.
• The Umayyad Dynasty (661-750 A.D) was the first Muslim • Air conditioner invented by “willis H. carrier”U.S. in 1902.
dynasty. • Camera(photographic) has been invented by “Joseph N.
• Light is the fastest thing in the universe.It travels at a Niepce”france in 1822.
phenomenal speed of 187,000 miles per second. • Sunlight is composed of seven colours
• According to the Forbcs magazine, There were 311 • “Braille system” is used for the education of Blind.
• Lousis Braille of France made it possible for the blind to • The famous painting `Mona Lisa’is displayed at Louvre
read and write. museum,Paris
• Blue color has shortest wavelength • The earlier name for tomato was Love apple
• Protein is a natural polymer • The famous words `Veni Vidi Vici’were said by Julius
• The paper currency first introduce by china Caesar
• Redwood or Giant Sempervirens is the tallest tree in the • Disneyland is located in California,USA
world . It rises up to a height of 111 metres (366 feets). • Archimedes was born in Sicily
• Pakistan-Afghanistan border ‘ Durand line ‘ was drawn in • The famous General Motors company was founded by
1893 by Sir Mortimer Durand and Afghanistan`s ruler Abdur William Durant
rehman khan. • The country that brings out the FIAT is Italy
• Asian Development Bank was established on 16th jan, • The White House was painted white to Hide fire damage
1999. • “History is Bunk”was said by Henry Ford
• Radcliff was a lawyer by profession. • The term “astrology’ literally means Star Speech
• In 1945, Hiroshima was the first city Atom bomb dropped. • Togo is situated in Africa
• Leo Tolstoy was the political guru of Gandhi. • The first ruler who started war games for his soldiers was
• South Africa is the country which has three capitals. Genghis Khan
• All-india Muslim league was established in 1906 and • The first talkie feature film in USA was The Jazz Singer
Quaid-e-azam joined in 1913. • The name of the large clock on the tower of the House of
• The lowest per capita income in the Muslim world is of Parliament in London is called Big Ben
Somalia. • Prado museum is located in Madrid
• United Nations spends a lion`s share of its budget on • The number of keys in an ordinary piano is Eighty eight
Refugees rehabilitations • `Man is a Tool Making Animal’ was said by Benjamin
• A piece of land surrounded by water on three sides is Franklin
known as “peninsula “. • The term ‘anesthesia’was coined by Oliver Wendell
• The density of population usually measured in person per Holmes
sq. km • Number of schools of thoughts is 52.
• The Eifel tower was built by Alexander Eiffel • Farat valley is in Iraq.
• The Red Cross was founded by Jean Henri Durant • Notre Dom is located in Paris (France), it is a church.
• The gateway to the Gulf of Iran is Strait of Hormuz • Jodrell Bank is located in Great Britain, it is famous for its
• The first Republican President of America was Abraham Space Observatory.
Lincoln • Micronesia is located in Asia.
• The country famous for Samba dance is Brazil • Blue Mosque is in Istanbul.
• The name of Alexander’s horse was Beucephalus • Bastille was a jail in Paris, it was destroyed during the
• Singapore was founded by Sir Thomas Stamford Raffles French Revolution on 14th July 1789.
• The famous British one-eyed Admiral was Nelson • Camp David is famous for Camp David Accord, which took
• The most famous painting of Pablo Picasso was Guermica place between Egypt and Israel. It is located in USA.
• The first woman Prime Minister of Britain was Margaret • Jaffna is the headquarters of LTTE guerillas in Sri Lanka.
Thatcher • Akal Takht is a place of confession of Penance in the
• The sculptor of the statue of Liberty was Federick Auguste Golden Temple complex, it has been the spiritual and
Bartholdi temporal seat of authority of Sikh since 1906.
• John F.Kennedy was assassinated by Lee Harry Oswald • Hanging garden of Babylon is situated in Baghdad and was
• The first British University to admit women for degree planted in 603 B.C; this is included in seven wonder of the
courses was London University world.
• The country known as the Land of Thunderbolts is Bhutan • Leaning tower of Pisa, it was built in 12th Century, it is
• The literal meaning of Renaissance is Revival located in Italy.
• Julius Caesar was killed by Brutus • Aleppo is located in Syria.
• The title of Desert Fox was given to Field Marshal Erwin • The famous Empire State Building in located in New York.
Rommel • Bermuda Triangle is in Caribbean region.
• The word `Quiz’ was coined by Jim Daly Irishman • Bermuda is the colony of UK.
• The original meaning of `Quiz’ was Trick • Eiffel tower of Paris was built in 1887-89 by Gustav Eiffel,
• Adolf Hitler was born in Austria 986 feet high, now used as a winders stations.
• In the year 1811,Paraguay became independent from Spain • Lumbin is the birthplace of Gautam Budh, it is in Nepal.
• The cross word puzzle was invented by Arthur Wynney • Dehro Dun is located in UP (India), it is famous for its
• Slavery in America was abolished by Abraham Lincoln military academy.
• The famous Island located at the mouth of the Hudson river • Yellow Stone National Park is in USA.
is Manhattan • Golan Heights are located in Syria.
• The Indonesian island Bali is famous for Temples. • Shakespeare was of Great Britain.
• Great Wall of China can be seen from the moon, the total • Firdusi was a Persian poet.
length of the wall is 1684 miles or 6000 kms, it was built in • President Roosevelt of USA delivered his famous Four
the reign of Shih Huang-ti (246-210) BC. Freedoms speech in 1941.
• Abu Simbal is the famous temple in Egypt. • 1993, Madam Tansu Cillar became prime minister of
• Adam’s bridge is 17 miles long line of rock and sand bank Tukey.
between India and Sri Lanka. • Luther King is associated with the reformation movement.
• Mermaid Statue is in Copenhagen. • Duke of Wellington was of England.
• Temple mount is located in Jerusalem. • F.D Roosevelt was elected as president for three times.
• Buland Darwaza is situated near Agra its height is 176 feet. • Pablo Picasso was born in Spain and settled in Paris.
• Olympia is a place with temple of Zeus and Hera. • Slobodan Milosevic belonged to Yugoslavia.
• Jordan is an Islamic country which has boundary with many • Michael Keamay of USA graduated at the age of 10 years.
countries. • The name of American magnate Rockefeller is related to
• Break up of Germany occurred on 1945 and merger on Oct Iron Industry.
3, 1990. • Famous Lady Helen Keller belonged to US.
• Iraq occupied Kuwait on 2nd Aug 1990. • The American general who acted as the supreme
• Indonesia has 3000 islands. commander of Allied forces in Europe during the Second
• Japan is an archipelago. World War was D.D Eisenhower.
• Namibia is administrated by South Africa. • Ajmeer is fomous for a sufi saint’s tomb named Khawaja
• UAE is the federation of 7 Emirates. Moin ud Din Chisti.
• Bosnia Herzegovina became independent on Jan 17, 1996. • Lloyd George of Great Britain represented in treaty of
• USA president tenure is of 4 years. Versailles.
• Kosovo mostly consists of Albanian Muslims. • Germany remained in grip of allied occupation from 1994
• Baltic States is the name given to the European countries to 1952.
like Lithuania, Latvia and Estonia. • British rules over India about 90 years.
• Spanish is the official language of Argentina. • Shogun period (1603-1867) is related to Japan.
• The majority of Japan’s Population is by religion Shinto. • There are 5 lending religions in the world.
• The term Boxer Rebellion is associated with China. • Christians faced stiff opposition from Romans.
• Philippines comprises of 7000 tropical islands. • Worst explosion, Dec 3, 1984 occurred in Bhopal (India).
• Aukland and Christ Church are the major cities of New • 1500- Value colossus was the first programmable computer
Zealand. of the world. It was put to use in Dec 1943 in UK.
• Melbourne is the capital city of Australian city Victoria. • The ancient Chinese were great scientists and invertors;
• Berlin was approved as a capital on 20th June 1991. they invented magnetic compass during Hun dynasty.
• Manchester is the city of Great Britain famous for textile • On July 20, 1969, Neil Armstrong and Edwin Aldren
industry. landed on the moon.
• Toronto is in North America. • In Opium war Britain fought against China.
• Sao Paulo is the largest city of South America. • Gulf war Jan 1991 stopped in Feb 28, 1991.
• Alexandria is the famous city of Egypt, it is also an • Iran-Iraq was started in Sep 1980 and ended in Aug1988.
important sea port. • Soviet Union Officially broke up on Dec 26, 1991.
• The criminals of the Second World War were trailed in the • At the end of Second World War in 1945, Germany was
city of Nuremburg. divided among 4 major powers.
• Kobe is a Japanese city and port heavily bombarded in • Fighting broke out between Greeks and the Turks in July
World War-I, serious earthquake hit in 1997. 1974.
• Hague is the city of Holland. • Akbar the great ruled the India from 1556-1605 A.D.
• Mauna Loa (USA) is the largest active volcano of the • Before Independence East Timor was being ruled by
world. Indonesia.
• Robert Mugabe is the personality of Zimbabwe. • Shah Barendra family was assassinated in Nepal 2 June
• Newton was of English Origin. 2001.
• George Bush is 44th US president and 15th to be elected • Imam Ayatullah Khumani Brought about an Islamic
twice. revolution in Iran by ousting Shah Reza Shah in the year
• Greatest number of space walk (10) is held by Alexander 1979.
Serebrov of Russia. • The famous British Naval commander, who defected the
• Goethe was German in origin. French Naval Fleet at Nile in 1788 and at Trafalgar in 1805
• Hazrat Bullay Shah was a famous Sufi poet of Punjabi was Horatio Nelson.
language. His tomb is in the city of Kasur. • Columbia Space shuttle broke up on re-entry to Earth on
• Haroon ur Rashid belonged to Abbasid dynasty. Feb 1, 2003.
• Doer war fought between South Africa and British. • The Marshal Plan was announced on 5th June 1947 at
• Han Dynasty was in China. Harvard.
• People’s Republic of chine gained its independence in 1949 • Statue of liberty is 151 feet tall. It is made of copper,
under the leadership of Mao-Zedong. located in the Liberty Island in New York. It was presented
• In China the Cultural Revolution lasted from 1966-1969. by France to US. It unveiled in 1886.
• Sumerian Civilization were settled in Euphrates and Tigris • The original residents of India before the arrival of the
regions. Aryan were Dravidians.
• Hanover dynasty belonged to Great Britain. • Romulus founded the city of Rome in 753 B.C.
• Great Wall of China was built in 204 BC. • Buddhism is non-theistic religion.
• Hapsburg dynasty, Weimer republic, Third Reich belongs • Majority of the population of Vietnam comprise of
to Germany. Buddhist.
• USA dropped an atom bomb on Hiroshima on 6th August • Naval Missile Brahmos Cruise Missile is an Indian Missile.
1945. • Cambodian language has 74 Alphabets.
• Delhi Sultans were of Lodhi Dynasty. • China’s population is about 1261 million.
• Civil War of USA lasted from 1861-1865. • Hellas is the word appears on the postage stamp of Greece.
• Hong Kong was returned to china on 1 July 1997. • A group of Nightingales is called a Watch.
• Glorious Revolution in England took place in 1688. A.D. • Young fish is called fingerling.
• Iraqi general who brought about military revolution in Iraq • Joey is the kid of Kangaroo.
by ousting kind Faisal on 14th July 1958 was Abdul Karim • Gam of Whales.
Qasim. • Northern Europe is known with Scandinavian Region and
• A French economist named Francois Quesnay proposed the Nordic Region.
concept of Laissez-Faire in the 18th Century. • Countries Area wise-Russia-Canada-China-USA-Brazil.
• The name of Mesopotamia was changes to Iraq in the year • 250 children born every minute.
1935. • AAA, Agricultural Adjustment Act is related to President
• American war of Independence started in 1776 and came to Roosevelt.
an end in 1783. • Currently out of the worlds population the Muslims are one
 In 1982 the Falklands war was fought fifth.
between Britain and Argentina. • Virtue party belongs to Turkey.
• Sadam Hussain Became President in 1979. • The Gurkhas are the original inhabitants of Nepal.
• After breakup Grobachev became president of USSR. • Federal system has central and provincial government.
• Pearl Harbor incident took place on 7th Dec 1941. • The international customary laws which allow states to
• The currency Euro was launched on 1 Jan 1999. punish as offender are known as criminal Juris Gentium.
• In April 1986 the place named CHERNOBYL gained world • The term “In Camera” is used for the trial of case when
fame due to accident in Atomic Reactor. case is heard without reporting to public.
• Alexander died in Babylon in 322 B.C. • Latin term De Jure means by Law.
• Berlin Wall kept East and West Germany divided for 28 • The word Iron Curtain was used by Winston Churchill.
years. It was dismantled by East German Gov. on Nov 18th • Reconciliation means when third party investigates and
1989. suggests a solution to a dispute.
• Mohen jo Daro was founded by Sir John Marshall, also • In literacy term the dramatic work with aims at exciting
know as mound of dead. The people residing there were laughter is called Farce.
traders by profession. There is found of statue of bull, which • Aquiline is for eagle.
denotes that people were worshippers of it. • Bovine is for cattle.
• Taj Mahal is locted in Agra, the white marble mausoleum • Canine is for dog.
built by shah Jahan in the memory of his beloved wife • Caprine is for goat.
Mumtaz Mahal in 1529. It was designed by Shiraz (Iranian • Corvine is for crow.
Architect) over twenty years. • Equine is for horse.
• Taxilla is the ancient city of the province of Punjab. It is the • Feline is for horse.
site of ancient archeological excavation. • Leonine is for cat.
• The place named Normandy became worlds famous due to • Lupine is for wolves.
the D.Day landgin during the Second World War on 6th June • Ovine is for sheep.
1944. Normandy is located in France. • Pavonine is for peacock.
• After the First World War the Dawes Plan was launched in • Psittacine is for parrot.
year 1924. • Simian is for apes, monkey.
• Industrial Revolution first started in Britain. • Ursine is for bear.
• After the first world war (1914-18) the Allies signed a • Vulpine is for fox.
treaty of Sevres in 1920 with Turkey.
• Gallup poll is the method of assessing public opinion • Khadija Mastoor wrote Angan.
through representative expression of opinion of cross reaction • Imam Ghazali is the author of Ihya-ul-Uloom.
of the population of a country. • Boxing is called ‘noble art of self defence’.
• Tax on import and Export is called Tariff. • 50 nations are there in Africa.
• Antwerp is called by the name of key to the common • Fort Monroe is located at Suleiman hills.
market. • Derawar fort is located in Cholistan Desert.
• Stone Age is also known as Paleolithic period. • Relli is the name of a game.
• Orangutan means man of the woods. • Al Beruni discovered that light travels faster than sound.
• Sugar Island is the located at the confluence of Ganga and • Due to buffer system, human blood has a ph of 7.4.
the Bay of Bengal. • General secretariat of the European parliament is in
• Agraphia means inability to write. Luxemburg.
• King Faisal is called “The Islamic Coordinator”. • On 2nd August, 1990, Iraq occupied Kuwait.
• The creator of “Mona Lisa” belonged to Italy. • The term ‘intifada’ means uprising.
• The Labor party believes in Socialism. • The city of Jerusalem is known as ‘Al Quran’.
• The US Senate comprises 100 members. • Headquarter of PLO is in Tunisia.
• “Warsak Dam” has been built on the River Kabul. • In East Jerusalem ‘wailing wall’ is a sacred place of Jews.
• 5 June is known as World Environment Day. • Hindenburg line is a boundary line between Poland and
• “The Sun also Rises” is written by Earnest Hemingway. Germany.
• Black Death reaches England in 1348. • Changa Manga, part of Punjab, is famous for Sheesham
• Intifada denotes Palestinian uprising. Timber forest.
• Caucasus is situated between Caspian and Black Sea. • The shape of the baseball is
• Kabul in the largest city of Afghanistan. • Karl Marx belonged to Germany.
• Akbar was died at Agra in 1650. • ‘Bear’ is a symbol of Russia.
• In 1783 Britain acknowledged the independence of USA. • ‘Tripitak’ is the holy book of Buddhists.
• The term cartel refers to Unity of parties, factions or nation • Duke Wellington won the battle of Waterloo.
in a common cause. • King Faisal was shot dead by his nephew in 1975, in the
• Term the belief in the “rightness” of rule is legitimacy. city of Riyadh.
• Tyranny is the form of government in which one person • Nepal is the only Hindu state in the world.
rules arbitrarily. • Indus Valley civilization was destroyed by Aryans.
• Barbers invaded North Africa before Arabs. • Samudar Gupta is called ‘Napoleon of India’.
• Popular name of Canada is Land of Maple. • The theme of the famous play ‘Caesar and Cleopatra’ by
• American’s parliament is Congress. G.B. Shah is a History.
• Largest oil company belong to USA is The Ecxon • Abraham Lincoln abolished slavery in America.
Corporation. • The reign of Razia Sultana lasted for 3 years.
• New name of Lyallpur is Faisalabad. • ‘Gita or Vedas’ are the holy books of Hindus.
• Indian city, Ahmedabad, is associated to textile industry. • Holy prophet (p.b.u.h.) had been poisoned by a Jewish
• ‘National People’s Assembly’ belongs to Algeria. hostess at the time of the conquest of Khyber.
• Aeroflot is Russia’s airline. • Khalid bin Waleed had been titled as ‘saif-ullah’.
• Bakhtar is the news agency of Afghanistan. • Iraq is called the ‘site of ancient civilization’.
• Croix de Guerre is the highest military award of France. • Uqba-bin-Nafah is called ‘Muslim Alexander’.
• The currency of Syria is pound. • ‘Lords’ is famous a cricket ground in England.
• Som is the currency of Uzbekistan. • During the civil war the supporter of the parliament came to
• Machiavelli was born in Florence. be called Roundheads- supporters of OLIVER CROMWELL
• Montesquieu wrote ‘the spirit of laws’. and the parliamentarians against KING CHARLES 1 during
• Rousseau was born in Geneva. the ENGLISH CIVIL WAR.
• Bentham is the father of utilitarianism. • The queen can do no wrong means the queen is immune
• Lenin was a Bolshevik leader. from the jurisdiction of law.
• Hitler’s theory of the state is known as National Socialism. • The federal government of the USA came into existence on
• John Locke advocated basic human rights. 30th April, 1787.
• Montesquieu was a political sociologist. • In America the residuary powers are vested in the sates.
• Mao joined communist party in 1921. • Virginia, one of US states, is called the MOTHER OF
• Cease fire between Iran and Iraq took place in 1988, by the PRESIDENTS.
intervention of U.N. • The term of a US senator is 6 years.
• 8 furlongs make one mile. • The anti federalists later on assumed new name
• Balloki barrage is located on Ravi. ‘CAVALIERS’.
• Loan to a corporation is ‘debt funding’. • Republican Party was founded by Alexander Hamilton.
• The American president Mr. Roosevelt was elected for four • Marseilles is the seaport of France.
times. • Robindranath Tagore was A Bengali novelist.
• The American declaration of independence was issued in • Who wrote ‘Muslim Sufferings under Congress
1783. Rule’:Maulvi Fazlul Haq.
• Waris shah is called the ‘Shakespeare of Punjabi literature’. • Sindh Sagar is between the rivers of: Indus and Jhelum.
• ‘The pharos of Alexandria ‘, an ancient wonder, was • Nanga Parbat is commonly known as: Killer mountain.
situated in an Island near Alexandria was a light house. • Who invented CD. (Compact Disc: James T. Russell.
• The poetry of Jalal-ud-Din was in Persian language. • Bio-diesel is prepared: From oilcake.
• Aibak died while playing game, POLO. • Videotape used in camcorders to record audio and video
• General Rommel is called ‘desert fox’. signal employee Fine grains of Iron oxide.
• PM Indira Gandhi was assassinated by Sikhs in 1984. • The real brother of Hazrat Yousuf A.S was Bin-Yamin.
• Faiz Ahmed Faiz is the only Pakistani poet who got • The founder of Falmid dynasty was Al-Mahdi.
‘LENIN PRIZE’. • Insulin drug was discovered by Paul Langerhans.
• ‘Blue mosque’, also known as the mosque of ‘Sultan • Taliban movement in Afghanistan emerged from Kandhar.
Ahmad’, is the only mosque in the world that has six • Largest coal deposits have been discovered in which Taluka
minarets, and it is situated in Istanbul. of Sindh Province: Diplo.
• Omar bin Abdul Aziz was a caliph of Umayyad dynasty. • Kalhora rulers of Sindh were originally Hashmi Sayeds.
• Mizzini was known as the ‘the prophet of Italian • Nubian Monuments are located in Egypt.
Unification’. • Pakistan’s largest oil fields are located in District Badin.
• Baba Farid Gang Shakar was the first Punjabi poet. • The first American Astronaut to go into space was Allen
• National game of Switzerland is skiing. Shepherd.
• UAE consists of seven independent states. Abu Dhabi, • Annual Census in Pakistan is carried out every 10th year.
Sharjah, Fujaira are three of the seven states. • Shaheed Benazir Bhutto became first woman Prime
• Safety stock of the grains hold by the government is Minister of Pakistan on December 2, 1988.
‘overhead stock’. • The D-Day operation during IInd World War was launched
• General sales tax, under the constitution 1973 is a Federal on the coast of Normandy.
subject. • Speed of sound in air is? 1200 KM/Hour
• Abdur Rasheed was the first chief Justice was the first chief • How many planets are is solar system? 8
justice of Pakistan. • Which cell does not have a nucleus? RBC
• Zafarullah khan was the first foreign minister of Pakistan. • Abusive Drug Which Cells Of Body Most Effected? Brain
• House of lord is the final court of appeal in England. • Crime rate is? 1,000 persons per year
• Two terms tenure of US parliament was fixed in 1951. • Who killed Abu-Jahal? Maaz & Mauz
• The federalists later on assumed new name, Republicans. • Pakistan Falls in? Golden Triangle
• The lower house of France consists of National assembly. • Major export of Pakistan is? Cotton
• ‘Cherie Blaire’ is the 1st day of England. • On US map Alaska State is on? Away from mainland
• All light waves have same frequency. • British occupied Punjab?. 1849
• Buddhism accounts for 100% total population in Bhutan. • In English Dictionary Which Word Has Largest Words? S
• Mauritius is the part of the world that is known as ‘star and • What are Capital goods? Goods used for further production
key of the Indian ocean’. • Winter rains in Pakistan come from Mediterrenian Sea.
• Tower of silence is Place where dead remains of followers • Horse is the Chinese name given to the year 2000.
of Zoroastrian are placed after funeral rituals. • Pollen is produced in a part of the flower called the Calyx.
• Who was Bismarck: German Politician and statesman. • After drinking contaminated water you would be most apt
• Shale is not a metamorphic rock. to develop symptoms of ‘typhoid fever’.
• Shah Jehan is called the ‘master builder’. • Panini was a great scholar of Sanskrit language.
• Big Ben is a clock placed on British parliament. • Hundred years war fought between France and Britain
• Pristine is the capital of Kosovo. during 1338-1453.
• To show the distribution of people of Pakistan we should • Wenceslas square is in Prague.
use ‘Do method’. • The first Afro-Asian conference held in April 1955.
• Hieroglyphics is the script of Nile Civilization. • Hot money is said for money which moves from one place
• General Sherman is a living old tree in California State of to another to seek profit or high rate of interest.
U.S. • Eritrea gained independence on 24th May, 1993.
• After persistent decay, radium would be finally changed • Under an agreement with Italy, Vatican city came into
into Lead. being as a sovereign state on 11th February, 1929.
• World’s largest delta is in Bangladesh. • Charles K Rhodes developed an X-Ray emitting laser in
• Grand Canyon National Park in U.S.A. is located in the 1990.
State of Arizona. • Son meter is an instrument used to study the behavior of
vibrating string. become deaf is 129 lbs.
• Liver receives blood from the alimentary canal through • Dr. James Watson discovered the structure of DNA in 1953.
hepatic portal vein. • Sir William Howard Russell was the first Great War
• At the equator, the equation of the day is 12 hours. correspondent.
• Singapore city is known as ‘lion city’. • A meteorological term for a high pressure is called
• The instrument used for measuring the velocity of wind is anticyclone.
known as anemometer. • Zenda vesta is a holy book of parsis.
• The chemical name of baking soda is sodium bicarbonate. • Islamic summit Minar is erected in Lahore.
• Pharaoh is the title of the king of ancient Egypt. They ruled • Privatization program began in Pakistan is 1991.
Egypt for 25 centuries. • National anthem of Pakistan was played for the first time on
• National Institute of Oceanography Karachi was established August 13, 1954.
in 1983. • Spirograph is an apparatus used for recording the
• Lord Chesterfield quoted ‘idleness is only the refuge of movement of the lungs.
weak minds’. • Chomas festival is held in Kalash valley near Chitral.
• Dr.Abdussalam was awarded Nobel Prize in 1979. • Docking means rendezvous and link up of spacecraft.
• The largest city of South Africa is Cape Town. • Defense day is celebrated in Pakistan since 1966.
• Two boundary commissions were appointed to demarcate • Name of a famous mosque in Beijing is Niujie Mosque.
the boundaries between two new states, Pakistan and India. • Flag flown at half mast means national mourning.
• After joining congress, Muslim League joined the interim • Maginot line divides France from Germany.
government in October 1946. • Declaration of human rights was adopted on 10th
• NPT came into force on 1970. December, 1984.
• The Bofors scandal occurred in India. • Olive branch is a sign of peace.
• Czar is the title used by the ruler of Russia from 1547 to • Cox orange pippen is a biological name of an apple.
1721. • Christopher Wren designed St. Paul’s cathedral in London.
• Gorgon is a terrible monster of Greek mythology. • Afghanistan was known as Ariana.
• Flying foxes are tropical foxes that can fly. • Anundsen discovered South Pole in December 14, 1911.
• The reduction or elimination of inflation is called creeping • The first European scientist, who refuted the belief that the
inflation. earth was the centre of the universe, was Copernicus.
• Canada is a leading producer of wood pulp in the world. • The hundred year war actually lasted for 114 years.
• London carnival was first started in 1964. • Lenin was the founder of the Russian socialist state.
• Indira Gandhi was the famous PM who first used the • Prior to independence, Ghana was called ‘Gold Coast’.
popular slogan ‘gharibi hatao’. • Tanzania was formed by the unification of two countries,
• The successful cloning of a sheep was reported by scientist Tanganyika and Zanzibar.
from Roslin Institute Edinburgh (UK) in 1998. • The first atomic power station of Pakistan was installed in
• The new name of Yalamlam is As-Sadiya. Karachi.
• Czar title was used by the rulers of Russia from 1547 to • Star fish is not a star fish but a spiny-skin (Echinodermata)
1721. marine animal.
• Gulf Stream is an ocean current named after the Gulf of • 760 miles/hr is the speed of sound.
Mexico. • 1480, 00,000 km is the distance from sun to earth.
• Gorgon is a terrible monster of Greek mythology. • Temperature of Sun is 6000 degree C.
• A pair of scissors is an example of a lever. • Necent state in which atomic state of an element as a result
• Pair of doors belongs to the second class of lever. of chemical reaction in which it a more active than in
• During the winter months 90% of fallen leaves are taken ordinary molecular state.
underground by earth worm. • Islam was introduced to China in the middle period of the
• Dick Turpin was a highway man. seventh century.
• Jamaica was granted full independence on 6th August, • Drinker’s apparatus is for measuring the amount of Alcohol
1962. in the blood.
• Four US presidents are so far assassinated. • Atomic pile is a place where nuclear fission is made.
• Sinai Peninsula was vacated and returned to Egypt in 1982. • Dewar’s flask is called as thermos.
• Incident ‘Boston Tea Party’ took place in America. • Atomic weight of chemical compounds is determined by
• Initially, Arab league has seven countries. Mass spectroscopy.
• Nixon Doctrine was outlined in July 1969. • Chief food of mosquito larva is micro organism found in
• King of Malaysia is the only king in the world who is water.
elected for 5 years term. • Chief food of butterfly larva is leaves of plants.
• Timbola is a kind of lottery. • Corn adds more oxygen to the atmosphere than it removes.
• The maximum limit of sound beyond which a person can • Euspongia is known as natural bath sponge.
• Live Fluke, biologically called Fasciola, is found in liver of • Thallophytia include algae, fungi, and lichens.
sheep. • Carl Linneus is famous for binomial system of
• Earthworm is a bi-sexual. nomenclature.
• Eyes of insects are compound. • Angiosperm includes the plants which have covered flowers
• Silk is obtained from cocoon of silk worm. and covered seed.
• Clinical thermometer usually measures in Fahrenheit. • Plant cells resembles animal cell because having a cell
• Tube light emits radiation even after it is disconnected. It is membrane made up of protoplasm.
due to Fluorescence. • Snake have been evolved from lizard.
• The conversion of gases into liquid under high pressure and • Plants in which seed are outside the fruit are called
low temperature is called regulation. Gymnosperms.
• If a green leaf is seen in a red light its color will be black. • 0.200 grams are equal to one carat.
• Emerge of VIBGYOR from one side of the prism is due to • One million cycles per second is called Megahertz.
refraction and dispersion of light. • Linseed oil is used while oil painting.
• Skin does not excrete oil. • Smell is the weakest sense in Birds.
• Plants growing in extremely dry condition are called • Owl can rotate his head to 180 degrees on either sides.
Xerophytes. • Ostrich eat pebbles for helping digestion by grinding up the
• Roots absorb water from soil which is Hygroscopic. ingested food.
• Legumes increase the fertility of the soil by adding nitrogen • The cuckoo sneaks its eggs into other birds’ nest to hatch.
to the soil. • Dyne is a unit of Force.
• New varieties of organisms can be brought about by • Birds are warm blooded animals.
hybridization. • Birds bones are hollow.
• Male child is born if xy chromosomes are united. • Oven birds build strong nests.
• Fertilization is fusion of two game tics of different strains. • Weaver birds are called to the birds who build their nests.
• Fruit developed from single ovary is called simple fruit. • Male birds are more colorful than females.
• Seeds are developed from Ovule. • Birds do not fly are penguins, emus, kiwis, ostriches.
• Parthenocarpic fruits are seedless fruits. • Breitling orbiter 3 was the first balloon to fly non-stop
• Grains swell in water due to imbibitions. around the world.
• Chlorophyll contains magnesium. • Aircraft designers test their model of aircraft in with tunnel.
• Mahalanobis model laid great emphasis on development of • Flaps are used as air brakes.
heavy industries. • Amphibians were the first vertebrate.
• Oxidation is the process in which electron is lost. • There are three stages of frog. Egg-tadpole-adult frog.
• The rate of transpiration depends upon frequency of • Metamorphosis – > a series of changes.
Stomata. • Konrad Lorenz (1903-1989) was one of the first to study
• Light is necessary for photosynthesis because it produce animal behavior.
ATP and reducing substance. • Survive very cold weather or very dry weather by going
• Oxygen liberated from photosynthesis comes from water. into a deep sleep. Surviving cold condition like this is called
• Red light is most suitable for photosynthesis. hibernation. Sleeping through hot, dry condition is called
• Respiration means food oxidation and evolution of energy. aestivation.
• Chemical preservation of dead organisms in liquid is called • A.D means in the year of our Lord.
Cryo-Bilogy. • Amal is radical Lebanese Shi’ite military force established
• The organisms which are the only living membrane of their in 1970 by Musa Sadr.
group and link two major groups are called Living Fossil. • Balfour Declaration was issued in 2 Nov: 1917.
• Mammals cannot be cold blooded. • Yugoslavian city Skopije was destroyed by earthquake in
• Trypanosome a parasite causing sleeping sickness. 1963.
• Half-time is a time of radioactive substance taken by that • Bootlegging is a form of smuggling.
substance to decompose radioactivity to half of its weight. • Religion of Chinese people is Confucianism.
• Structure of DNA was given by Watson and Crick. • Frescois a method of painting on plaster (usually a wall)
• In Nuclear DNA is concentrated in chromatin. meaning fresh.
• Proteins are synthesized by golgi bodies. • Kleptomania is an irrational urge to steal.
• Cellulose respiration is done by Mitochondrion. • Intifada is Palestinian uprising.
• Light energy is stored in the form of chemical energy due to • Long March was 9600 km journey organized by Mao Tse
the activity of Chloroplast. Tang in the year of 1931-1934.
• Protoplasm is a colloidal solution. • Vnukovo Airport is located at Moscow.
• Voltammeter is an electrolytic cell for conducting • Mercury Project first manned space programme of USA,
electrolytic dissociation of electrolyte. carry the first American into space lauched on 5th May,
• In cryptograms, the sex organs are primitive and hidden. 1961.
• Pan-Islam originated in 1880 in Ottomon Empire was a • Bear is the symbol of Russia.
movement for uniting the Islamic Nations. • Christopher Coloumbus belonged to Italy.
• Paper was invented in 3500 BC by Chinese. • Caspian Sea water is shared by Iran, Russia & Azerbaijan.
• Printing was invented by Chinese. • Magna Carta is known as the Bible of English Constitution.
• Unity, faith & discipline was used by Quaid on Dec: 28, • Russian equivalent of Pentagon is Kremlin.
1947. • East Timore, the Colony of Portugal, was captured by
• Philately is the hobby of stamp collection. Indonesia in 1975.
• Oscar Award was introduced by Louis B Mayer of Metro • Tiwan separated from China in 1949.
Goldwin-Mayer Academy Award in 1927. • American Naval Base “Diego Garcia” is in Indian Ocean.
• First black president of South Africa was Nelson Mandela • Ulster Unionists wanted to retain British rule in Northern
his party was banned in 1961 and he was imprisioned. Ireland.
• Feminism is the belief that women subordination to men • Anti-Semitism means animosity towards Jews.
should end. • Lens at the end of the compound microscope is called
• Balfour Declaratoin issued in 2 Nov: 1917. objective.
• Yougoslavian city Skopije was destroyed by earthquake in • Protoza was first observed in compound microscope.
1963. • Francisco Fernandez introduced Tobacco in Europe.
• Bootleggin is a form of smuggling. • Mobile phones started in 1977.
• River boat Gondola is used in Italy’s city Venice. • Penology is the study, theory and practice of prison
• Hydaspes River is now called the Jhelum River. management & criminal rehabilitation.
• Dinosaur means “Terrible” lizard. • Length of India-China border is 3,380 km.
• The name of heaviest dinosaur was Branchiosaurus. • Cyprus gained independence from Britain in 1960.
• Fresco is a method of painting on plaster it means fresh. • Cyprus was divided into Turkish Repbublic of Northern
• Kleptomania is an irrational urge to steal. Cyprus and Greek Cyprus in 1974.
• Ikhwan as Safa, a secret Arab organization was founded in • Al-Azhar University I located in Cairo, Egypt.
Basra, Iraq. • Fortress of Grenada, known as Alhamra is in Spain.
• Intifada is Palestinian uprising. • Capital of ancient Babylonia was Babylon.
• Long March, a 9600-km journey in 1934 was undertook by • Hanging gardens were in Babylon.
Chinese Communists under Mao De Tong. • Babylon was on the bank of Euphrates.
• Vnukovo airport is in Moscow. • Alma-Ata (Father of Apples) is the capital of Kazakhstan.
• Pan-Islam, a movement for uniting the Islamic Nations was • Turkey and Russia are both in Europe & Asia.
started in 1880 in Ottoman Empire. • Ireland is also called Eire.
• Paper was invented in 3500 B.C by Chinese. • Largest earthquake fatalities occurred in Izmir, Turkey in
• Great Pyramid at Giza is the largest Pyramid built in Egypt. 1999.
• St. Vitus’s Dance is a disease. • Pentagon is in Arlington, Virginai state.
• Resin is sticky liquid that emits from plants. • Pentagon was designed by George Burgstrom.
• Pyramids of Egypt are the oldest and only survived wonder. • Takla Makan is in China is the driest desert in Asia.
• Guru (teacher) Nanak was the founder of Sikhism. • Cathy Pacific is an island.
• Silk was made firstly in China. • Among the Seven Wonders, Church of Saint Sophia is
• Skylab was space laboratory launched in 1973 by USA. located in Istanbul.
• The first tanks were used in 1916 during WW-I by British. • Gamal Abdel Nasser nationalized Suez Canal in 1956.
• Harward University is in USA, Cambridge is in UK • Qutub Minar is in New Delhi.
• Titanic sank on 14 April, 1912 on voyage from • Shah Jahan built Taj Mehl for Mumtaz Mehal is located in
Southampton to New York City in North Atlantic. Agra.
• Tour De France is French cycle race. • Capital of Tebet is Lhasa.
• First women in space Valentine Tereshkove went into space • White House is in Washington DC.
in Vostoc 6 on 16 June 1963. • Frigid Zone is the area withing the polar circle area around
• Watergate scandal involved President Richard Nixon in the South Pole.
1972. • Guantanamo Bay is in Cuba.
• Parses follow Zoroastrianism. • Tartus is the seaport of Syria.
• Seatle is the seaport of USA. • Statue of Liberty was gifted to US by France in 1884
• Dickson is the seaport of Malaysia. • Voctoria falls are on the border b/w Zimbabwe & South
• At Hyde Park London public meetings are assembled. Africa.
• Red Square is in Moscow. • House of U.S Congress in Washington D.C is on Capitol
• Eskimos live in Igloo. Hill.
• Blitzkrieg means sudden attack. • Saddam Hussain executed on 30 Dec: 2006.
• Dragon is the symbol of China. • The idea of SAARC originated in the mind of Zia ur
Rehman. • Canada has the world’s longest coastline.
• Pakistan left Commonwealth in 1972 and rejoined in 1989. • Monaco has a shortest coastline of 3.49 miles.
• Mustafa Kamal Pasha gave 6 Principles of Kemalism. • Largest continuous frontier is b/w Canada and USA.
• Dayton Accord was signed to solve the problem of Bosnia. • Canada is the country with most lakes.
• MI-5 is the secret agency of UK. • Most sparsely populated territory is Antarctica.
• The Chinese communist party was founded in 1921. • Most densely populated continent is Asia.
• After 27 years of imprisonment, Mr. Nelson Mandela was • Afghanistan, Bhutan, Mongolia, Nepal are landlocked
released in 1990. countries of Asia.
• Scandinavia constitutes 3 states. • Extreme temperature was recorded in Aziziya (Libya) 58°
• Karl Mark and Engels presented the Communist Manifesto C in 1922.
in 1848. • Lowest temp: was recorded at Vostok, Antarctica -89.2° C.
• Soviet Union was replaced by Russian federation in • Highest rainfall is recorded at Cherrapunji (India).
December, 1991. • Greatest snow fall is recorded at Tamarack California
• Anti-governmental protests in China by students, workers (USA)
and some government officials took place: Tiananmen • Planetary winds consist of doldrums, trace winds and
Square, in 1989 westerlies.
• The British Secretary of Foreign Affairs A. Balfour • Alexandria is the famous city of Egypt, it is also an
announced British support to establish Jewish state in important sea port.
Palestine in November 2, 1917. • Rainfall is recorded on maps by Isohyets.
• LAIA stands for Latin American Integration Association. IMPORTANT GEOGRAPHICAL LINES
• World population was one billion in 1803. • A Curzon line is the polish-Russian frontier setup in 1945.
• Mani was the Judge of world court. • Dead line is the line or boundary of a military prison, which
• The Batista regime in Cuba was overthrown by Fidel Castro prisoners are not allowed to cross.
in January 1959. • Green Line is a demarcation line between the Greek and
• Rasko mountain is situated in Baluchistan Turkish Cypriot communities.
• Singapore became independent in 1965 • Hindenburg line separates Germany from Poland.
• The ‘Aid to Pakistan Consortium’ meets every year in: • Pak-Iran border line was demarcated on 24th Sep: 1872.
Paris • Line of control is b/w Azad Kashmir & Occupied Kashmir.
• One US barrel is equal to: 159 litres • Mc Mohan line is the boundary line between India and
Ten Largest Nations China. It was demarcated in 1914.
By Area • Radcliff line is the boundary between Pakistan and India. It
1. Russia was demarcated in 1947 by Sir Cyril Radcliff.
2. Canada • 17th parallel line is the boundary line between North
3. China Vietnam and the South Vietnam.
4. USA • 24th parallel Line lies in Rann of Kutch. It is frontier
5. Brazil between Pakistan and India.
6. Australia • 38th Parallel line is the boundary between North and South
7. India Korea.
8. Argentina • 49th Parallel Line is the boundary line between Canada and
9. Kazakhstan the USA.
10. Sudan • Plimsoll Lime is a horizontal line on a merchant ship to
By Population which a ship the upper limit to which a ship may be legally
1. China loaded.
2. India • Dead line is a boundary line around a military prison which
3. USA prisoners are forbidden to cross.
4. Indonesia • Durand line is 1300 mile long frontier b/w Pakistan &
5. Brazil Afghanistan demarcated in 1893-95. it has over 200 passes.
6. Russia • Green line is a painted line in Nicosia (Cyprus) that serves
7. Pakistan as a demarcation line b/w Greek & Turkish Cypriot
8. Bangladesh communities.
9. Japan • Maginot line is French line of fortification built in WWII
10. Nigeria along the German border form Switzerland to Belgium. It
• Smallest by area and population is Vatican City. divides France from Germany.
• Second smallest by area is Monaco • Maginot line divides France from Germany.
• Gibraltar is the smallest colony. • Mannerheim line was defensive fortification line on the
• The world’s smallest republic is Nauru. Karelian Isthmus built by Finland against the Soviet Union.
• Oder-neisse Line was boundary b/w Germany & Poland • Violet color of light t ravel thought glass with minimum
during WWII. speed
IMPORTANT STREETS • There is no wavelength of light for color brown.
• Bond Street is located in London. It is famous for tailoring • White light is a mixture of all the colors in the rainbow.
and jewelry. • Blue has the shortest wavelength and red the longest.
• Dalal Street is located in Mumbai (India). It is the stock • Radio waves also come from sun and outer space.
exchange market of Mumbai. Astronomers use radio telescope to hear them.
• Drowning Street No. 10 is located at Westminster • Radar uses microwaves.
(England). It is famous for the official residence of the • Anything that is warm produces infrared waves including
British Prime Minister. It was named after Sir George us. The hotter the thing the more IR.
Drowning, a diplomat under Cromwell and King Charles II. • Infrared waves are used in TV remote control.
• Elgin Street is located in Scotland. It is the world’s shortest • X-rays have shorter wavelength and more energy than
street. ultraviolet rays.
• Young Street is located in Toronto (Canada). It is the • Gamma rays come from radioactive materials. They are
longest street in the world. used to kill cancers.
• Vicolo della virilita is the world’s narrowest street. • Without exposure to ultraviolet light our bodies would not
• Canal Street is the widest street in USA. be able to make vitamin D.
• Broadway (USA) is famous for various theaters and cinema • UHF, ultra high frequency are radio waves used for TV
halls. It is regarded as biggest street in the world. broadcast
• Fleet Street is in London where newspaper offices and press • Microwaves are used in radar, mobile phones, microwave
agencies are located. oven, communication network
• The busiest shopping centre of London is Oxford Street • Each light color is of different wavelength.
• Lombart Street is located in San Francisco. This street is • Red light has the longest wavelength while violet light has
also called the Crookedest Street. It is the financial centre in the shortest.
San Francisco. • Waves with a longer wavelength than red light are invisible
• Wall Street is located in New York. It was built in 1653. It they are called infrared waves.
is famous for banking, finance and stock exchange market. • Invisible Ultraviolet wave have wavelength shorter than
• In which London Street is the US embassy- Grosvener violet light.
Square. • Red, Blue, Green are prime colors.
RAYS AND WAVES • Red + Blue + Green = white
• Gamma rays are considered the death rays. • The wavelength of visible light is between 1350-2500
• Gamma rays travel with the velocity of light • An object that reflects all the light looks white.
• Gamma rays have maximum penetrating power • Loud speaker converts electrical energy into sound energy.
• Shortest wavelength among alpha, beta and gamma is of • Light coloured clothes are generally worn in summer
gamma rays • The electrical device which transform voltage : transformer
• Laser rays are used in micro surgery • A nuclear reaction in which two or more than two lighter
• Alpha radiations produce burns on human body nuclear are fused together to form a relatively heavier one :
• Newton proved that sunlight consists of different colors nuclear fusion
• Beta rays are fast moving electrons. • The three colours combination which produces the
• Color with shortest wavelength is Blue sensation of white light : Red green and blue
• Violet have shortest wave length and Red has longest • The clear sky looks blue because of dispersion of light
wavelength (vibgyor) • When light waves travel from air to glass the wavelength
• Red light’s wave length is 11800 waves/cm (< infra red) and velocity variables are affected.
• Least deviated color in prism is red • Electrical lines of forces are imaginary.
• Greatest deviated color in prism is indigo (chk violet) • Frequency distinguishes ultrasound from normal audible
• Violet light’s wave length is 23600 waves/cm (> ultra sound. Its f > 20,000 Hz.
violet) UNITS OF MEASUREMENT
• Ultraviolet rays are less than 3000 deg: A • 1 horse power is 745.7 watts
• Greatest value of wavelength is of infra red • 1 horse power = work equal to lifting 550 lbs of weight to
• Visible waves are between 400-700 nanometers. one foot for one second
• MOTE = Million Tons of oil equivalent • 1 calorie is equal to 4.2 Joules
• REM = Roentgen equivalent in man • 1 barrel is equal to 159 liters
• Transverse waves can only be produced in solids • 6 feet = 1 fathom
• Longitudinal waves can be produced in solids, liquids and • 1 kwh = 3.6 x 10 power 6 joules
gases • A 100 watt bulb lights for 1 hour uses 100 watt hour of
• On passing thought food stuff, x-ray can kill bacteria electricity
• -273 degree centigrade is called absolute zero temperature. • Faraday: unit of electric charge
• Standard pressure is 760 mm or 14.7 lb/in2 • Angstrom: unit of length, used especially to specify
• Gross is equal to 12 dozens radiation wavelengths
• Mach 2 = 500 miles per hour • Parsec: unit of astronomical length
• 1 nautical mile = 1825 meters • Degree: unit of measurement of an angle
• Unit of pressure is Pascal • Steradian: Unit of solid angle measurement
• Force is measured in Newton (SI), Dyne (CGS) • Dyne is a unit of Force.
• At -40 deg F Fahrenheit scale is equal to centigrade scale • SI unit of pressure is Pascal.
• Hertz and Angstrom are units of frequency • Curie is a unit of : radioactivity
• Units of work and energy are Joule and Erg (CGS) • Pascal Sound Pressure
• Diopter is unit of power of lens • Torr Pressure
• Unit is density is kg/m3 • Curie Intensity of radioactivity
• Unit of power is watt, BTU (Board of Trade Unit) • Angstrom Unit of length
• Unit of electric charge is Coulomb • Light year The distance light travels in a year
• Unit of voltage is volt • Dioptre Lens refractive power
• Unit of electric resistance is ohm • Horse power Unit of Power
• Unit of capacitance is Farad • Radian Unit of angular measure
• Unit of magnetic flux is Weber, Tesla • Candela Unit of luminous intensity
• Unit of radio activity is Becquerel • Mole unit of amount of substance
• Unit of luminous intensity is candle, lux • What is measured in units called phon- Sound 192
• Unit of crude oil is Barrel • What is measured in grains – four grains to a carat- Pearls
• Unit of volume of water is cusec, cubic/sec • Unit of electromotive force in Volt.
• Unit of admittance is Mho • What is the SI unit of illumination -Lux
• Unit of intensity or loudness of sound is bel • Gross is equal to 12 dozen.
• Unit of viscosity is Poise • Ozone is measured in percent age.
• Unit of flight speed is Mach I • An object traveling at Mach 2 is traveling approximately at
• Unit of atmospheric pressure is milli bar 500 mph.(chk)
• Unit of wave length of light is Angstrom • What is measured on the Gay-Lussac scale: Alcohol
• Unit of energy is Electron volt strength
• Unit of brightness is Lambert • Chronometer is used to measure… time
• Unit of luminous flux is Lumen • Anemometer is used to measure… Wind Speed
• Intensity of illumination or unit of luminosity is Lux, • The clusec is the unit measuring the power of what Vacuum
Candela and Candle power pumps
• Unit of magnetic pole strength is Weber • One million cycles per second is called Megahertz.
• Unit of RAD (Radiation Absorbed Dose) is Gray • 0.200 grams are equal to one carat.
• Unit of Electric Current is Ampere • Voltammeter is an electrolytic cell for conducting
• Unit of inductance is Henry electrolytic dissociation of electrolyte.
• Unit of conductance is siemens. • 8 furlongs make one mile.
• Unit of heat is Joule, Calorie, BTU (British Thermal Unit) • A billion contain 1000 million. It has 9 zeroes. Similarly a
• Radio activity is measured in currie trillion has 12 zeroes,a quadrillion 15 zeroes,a quintillion 18
• Rutherford : strength of radioactivity zeroes and a decillion 33 zeroes.
• Torr: pressure • One inch is equal to 2.5400 cms and one mile is equal to
• Fermi : length [A unit of length equal to one femtometer 1.6093 kms.
(10-15 meter)] • One micron is equal to One-thousandth of a millimeter.
• Sved berg unit:sedimentation rate • 2.47105 acres is equal to what SI unit-Hectare
• Dioptre: power of lense • What word describes one tenth of a nautical mile-Cable
• Mho : conductivity • What is measured on the Torro scale -Tornados
• Henry: inductance • unit of sound named after- Alexander Graham Bell –
• Maxwell: magnetic flux Decibel
• Becquerel: radioactivity • The density Smoke is measured on the Rngelmann scale-
• Kilo watt hour: power • Unit of electromotive force in Volt.
• Coulomb: unit of electrical charge • Power is measured in Watts (w).
• Weber: unit of magnetic flux • Resistance was discovered by Girge Ohm in 1826, and is
• Tesla: unit of magnetic flux density measured in ohms.
• Siemen: unit of conductance • Electricity does not flow through a circuit by itself. It needs
• Rutherford: unit of rate of decay of radioactive material a ‘push’, or energy, to keep it moving. We call this energy
the voltage of the circuit. Voltage is measured in volts (v). the activity of Chloroplast.
• The German scientist George Ohm (1787-1854) is best • Sunlight is composed of seven colours
remembered for working out ohm’s law. He discovered that • Oil rises in a wick of oil lamp on account of a property of
they voltage across a conductor such as a trip of metal or a matter called Capillary Action
wire – and the current following through it always vary in the • What is a Fata Morgana- Type of Mirage
same proportion. So if you double the voltage, you double •
the current. This is incredibly useful; because it lets you • Freon-trademark for any of a number of chemical
predict the current you will get for a particular voltage. compounds containing fluorine, and often chlorine or
• The thickness of silk is measured in what- Denier bromine. Use: as solvents, as aerosol propellants, in
• Ohm’s law does not apply to semiconductors and refrigeration. It is commonly used in refrigerator.
conductors when there is change in temperature. UNIVERSE
• In our houses we get 220 V a.c. The value of 220 V • Cheron is the moon of Pluto
represents the effective voltage. • Total number of satellites are 31 (chk: 50)
• One unit of electric power is consumed when 10 A of • Blue color of sky is due to Tyndal Effect
current flows for 1 hour at 100 V. 1 Unit = 1 kw hr = 1000 w • Our solar system contains 50 satelites
hr = 100 x 10 x 1 hr • Total planets in solar system are 8
• If the same note is played on a flute and a sitar, one can still • Distance of sun from earth is 150 million km = 1 a.u
distirguish b/w them because they differ in quality. (angstrom unit)
• A negatively charged glass rod has always less protons than • Moon from earth is 385,000 km
electrons. • Outer surface of sum is called photosphere
• The wavelength of the X-rays is of the order of 0.1 • Sun has 90% hydrogen, 8% helium and 2% other elements.
nanometer. • Temperature at surface of sun is 6000K and at its center 20
• Red, green and blue are known as primary colours. These million K
are colours which cannot be produced by mixing with other • Venus reflects highest percentage of light
colours. • Morning star is called to Venus.
• Scattering of light ___ the duration of the day (make) • Venus is the only planet that rotates clockwise
• Oil rises in a wick of oil lamp on account of a property of • Rhea is the fifth natural satellite of Saturn.
matter called Capillary Action • Speed of earth in orbit around sun is 8.5 miles per second.
• a primary cell can ___ be charged again (not) • The only planet which rotates on its axis from East to West
• When a person can see nearer objects but not the distant is Uranus
ones he is said to be suffering from : nearsightedness • Uranus is called lopsided planet
(myopia) • Uranus contain atmosphere of Hydrogen and Helium
• ATP is a molecule containing high energy bonds. • Period of rotation of earth on axis is 1 day or 23 hrs, 56
• An example of inorganic compound is carbon monoxide. minutes & 4.09 seconds.
• The time period of a pendulum on moon increases. • Period of revolution of Earth around Sun is 356 days, 6 hrs,
• Clinical thermometer usually measures in Fahrenheit. 9 minutes & 9.54 seconds.
• Tube light emits radiation even after it is disconnected. It is • Volume of Earth is 260 billion cubic miles.
due to Fluorescence. • Weight of earth is 6586×10 power 18 tons
• Shortsightedness can be corrected with the use of Concave. • Rings of Saturn were discovered by Galileo in 1610
• Rectifier converts AC into DC • Titan, the largest moon in solar system is of Saturn
• Atomic weight of chemical compounds is determined by • Triton is a satellite of Neptune
Mass spectroscopy. • Planet referred as Morning Star and Evening Star is Venus
• Atomic pile is a place where nuclear fission is made. • Venus’ atmosphere is 90 times thicker than earth’s.
• Drinker’s apparatus is for measuring the amount of Alcohol • The temperature of Venus’ surface is about 430 deg: C
in the blood. • Biggest Comet known to man is kohoutek
• Dewar’s flask is called as thermos. • Only planet whose day is longer than its year is Venus
• • Brightest visible star is Sirus
• The conversion of gases into liquid under high pressure and • Star nearest to earth is Sun
low temperature is called regulation. • Atmosphere of sun has 3 layers
• If a green leaf is seen in a red light its color will be black. • Sun spots are the cooler areas of sun
• Emerge of VIBGYOR from one side of the prism is due to • In 28 days moon returns to the same position in its orbit
refraction and dispersion of light. • The light coming from stars give the idea of their
• Oxidation is the process in which electron is lost. temperature.
• Half-time is a time of radioactive substance taken by that • A light year is equal to 9.46 trillion km
substance to decompose radioactivity to half of its weight. • Sun radiated energy equal to 10 trillion of TNT explosion
• Light energy is stored in the form of chemical energy due to • Mercury is nearest to the sun, smallest and fastest planet,
with shortest rotation time. Moon = 0 • Sun is 109 times bigger than earth.
• Venus is the brightest, hottest, closest to earth and earth’s • Light travels fastest in vaccum
twin in size and mass, has largest quantity of CO2 Moon = 0 • Rhea is the fifth natural satellite of saturn
• Earth is most dense, watery, bios planet. Moon = 1 • Coldest, smallest and farthest planet Neptune
• This is an instrument used for measuring the altitude of a • Asteroids are small planets revolving round the sun
celestial body: sextant • Sun is the brightest star in the universe
• Mars moon = 2- Phobos and Deimos • A shooting star is called a meteor
• Mars is named after the Roman god of war. • Our galaxy is spiral known as Milky Way
• Mars is called Red planet • Shape of our milky way is spiral
• Mars is half the size of earth • The milky way extends through the distance of 10 power 5
• Europa is a moon of Mars light years
• Mars contain atmosphere of carbondioxide • Super Nova is a dying star
• Jupiter is largest, with largest number of satellites, smallest • Nearest spiral galaxy to Milky Way is Andromeda galaxy
day, with a red spot. Moon = 63 • Nearest start to our sun is Alpha Centauri
• Jupiter is 11(or 10) times larger than earth • Biggest star in our galaxy is Proxima Centauri
• Europa is the moon of Jupiter. • A collection of galaxies is called cluster
• CHIIRON is the larges comet in the universe. • .moon is 81 times lighter than earth
• Solar eclipse occurs at new moon • Moon has 7% reflection as compared to earth (i.e poor
• Sun is 400 times larger than moon reflection)
• Lunar eclipse occurs at full moon. • Moon has 1/6th gravitation as that of earth
• Halos around the moon are formed because of the • Moon’s 59% surface is visible from earth
phenomenon of ___ (optical phenomena) • Mass of moon is 1/8th to that of the earth
• • Moon has no atmosphere
• Jupiter is the fastest planet of the solar system • Sun is closer to earth in January
• The Asteroid Belt is found between which of the following • At perihelion, earth is nearest tosun
planets? Mars and Jupiter • Earth’s axis is inclined at an angle of 66 ½ deg: to the plane
• The visible part of the Sun is called Photosphere of its orbit around the sun or the axis is inclined at 23 ½ deg:
• Corona is the outer most halo of the Sun. from the vertical
• Mercury and Venus are without Satellites. • Soros cycle is the largest interval between two total solar
• The largest crater on the surface of moon is called to Bailly. eclipses about 18 years
• The earth is calculated to b 4540 million years old. • Sun has 27 day rotation period
• A ‘shooting star’ is a meteor. • Moon’s rotation period is equal to the Earth’s
• At 7050 km per hour, Sun rotate on its axis. • Rotation period of earth is 23hrs, 56min, 4sec
• 510 million square kilometers is the total surface area of the • Earth rotates around on axis pointing towards the Polar Star
earth. • Revolution period is 365 ¼ days = 365.25 days, ¼ is added
• The northern polar lights are called Aurorae Borealis, and for leap year
southern polar lights are called Aurorae Australis. • Duration of day at poles is 6 months.
• The pulsating universe theory explains the evolution of • Equinox means equal days and nights
universe. • Sun’s energy is called Insulation
• 760 miles/hr is the speed of sound. • The visible yellow face of sun is called Photosphere
• 1480, 00,000 km is the distance from sun to earth. • The gravity of sun is 28 times greater than that of earth
• Temperature of Sun is 6000 degree C. • Moon completes 13 circles in a year around earth
• • Sun is 13 x 10 power 5 times larger than earth
• Saturn is least dense moon = 56 • Maximum duration of solar eclipse is 7 min 40 sec
• Saturn is the second largest planet. • Sun reaches its maximum angular distance from Equator at
• Planet with maximum number of moons is Saturn Solistice
• Planet with ring is Saturn • Millions of asteroids orbit the sun in the asteroid belt
• Uranus moon = 12, Uranus gives greenish glow between Mars and Jupiter
• Neptune is the coldest, slowest, largest year moon = 8 • Asteroids (minor planets) are make of rock, metal or a
• Rank of earth as per size is Fifth mixture of both.
• Revolution period of earth is 365.25 days • First asteroid discovered was Ceres by Italian astronomer
• In a leap year there are 29 days in Febrary Guiseppe Piazzi in 1801.
• Earth is older than moon • Ceres is the largest asteroid
• Sun light takes 8.3 min to reach earth or 510 seconds • Chiron is one of several distant asteroids which orbit
• Time required to moon light to reach earth is 1.3 seconds between Jupiter and Uranus
• Light can circle earth 7 times in a________. • The largest crater on the surface of moon is called to Bailly.
• Corona is the outer most halo of the Sun. times greater than the sun.
• Comet is made of ice and dust • What is the common name for the star Sirius: Dog Star
• Edmond Halley was the first to calculate the path of a • Pluto (the Planet) was almost called what name-Zeus
comet and predict when it would be seen again. • When a satellite is closest to Earth its position is called
• Halley’s comet was named in his honor though he did not what Perigee
discover it. • 30 km/s is the approximate mean velocity with which earth
• The patterns in stars are called constellations. moves round the Sun in its orbit.
• In 1930, astronomers finally agreed how to divide the • The earth’s reflectivity of solar radiation is termed as
whole sky into 88 areas, which are called constellations. albedo.
• Closest star is Gienah • Joseph von Fraunhofer was the first to explain the presence
• Speed of light is 3,00,000 km/sec of dark lines in the sun’s spectrum.
• Which planet is named after the Roman god of war? Mars • Light of sun reaches the earth in…..499 seconds
• Galaxies are the families of stars. • Hale-Bopp comet was the most distant comet ever
• About 80% of galaxies are elliptical and other are spiral discovered which became visible in December, 1996.
• Elliptical galaxies contain very little gas and dust and • What is the name of the largest moon of Jupiter-Ganymede
hardly any new stars are born in them. • M31 is the nearest galaxy to us – what is its other name-
• Spiral galaxies are disk shaped and usually have clouds of Andromeda
dust and gas where new stars are born. • The earth is the densest planet of universe .It has density of
• Light travels at 3,00,000 km/s. the speed at which you can 5.515 time that of water.
round the world seven times in very second. • Halos around the moon are formed because of the
• Light takes 8 minutes to reach the earth from sun. phenomenon of ___ (optical phenomena)
• In space light travels 9461 million million km in a year. • What is unique about the pistol star- Brightest in sky
Astronomers call this distance a light year. • Name the first teddy bear in space- Mishka 1980 Olympic
• Two planet Earth’s could fit side by side inside the Great mascot
Red Spot of Jupiter. • What celestial body gets its name from the Greek long
• Jupiter’s volcanic moon is called IO and other moons are haired Comet
Europa, Ganymede and Callisto. • What’s unusual about the moons of Uranus-Named
• Ganymede is the largest moon in the solar system. Shakespeare characters
• Europa is the moon of Jupiter ADVENTURES IN SPACE
• The moon has no atmosphere because its gravitational pull • First artificial satellite was Sputnik-I sent by Soviet Union
is not strong enough to hold an atmosphere on October 4, 1957
• Chondrite meteorites are the oldest rocks in the solar • Sputnik-II on November 3, 1957 took a female dog Laika
system. into space
• Venus is the only planet that rotates clockwise. • On July 20, 1969 US Apollo 11 touched down the moon
• ‘Galileo Satellites’, named after their discoverer, are four • Skylab was launched in 1973 by US.
large moons of the planet • What country launched its first space rocket January 1961-
• Mars contain atmosphere of Carbon dioxide and Uranus Italy
contain atmosphere of Hydrogen and Helium. • What happened to Laika first dog in space Suffocated no air
• Venus is about the same size as Earth. burned re-entry
• Venus’s atmosphere is 90 times thicker than our. It traps so • A Russian space programs name meant East what was it
well that the temperature of Venus’s surface is about 430 Vostok
degree centigrade. • What was the first man made object to leave the solar
• Closest star is (Gienah) 680,000 million, million, system Pioneer 10
kilometers. • Voyager I, spacecraft introduced ring system of Jupiter.
• Nicolous Copernicus (1473-1543) was born in Poland. He • Escape velocity is 24800 miles/hour or 7 miles/sec
was the first to explain the solar system. • First human in space is Yuri Gagrin 1961 on USSR
• Chiron is one of several distant asteroids with orbits • Appolo crew returned to earth with 382 kg of moon soil
between Jupiter and Uranus. • First space scientist was Henry Quendish
• In the Solar system there are 2 Mount Olympus’s Greece • Man entered in space on 14 October 1957
and where- Mars • First American shuttle to land on moon named “Bamini” in
• What is the brightest star always in the Northern sky-Vega March, 1966
• The most common element in the universe is Nitrogen. • First woman in space was Valentine Khurachoof in 14 June,
• Hydra is the largest of the 88 constellations found in the 1963
universe. It covers about 3.16 % of the entire sky. • America launched its first space station in 1973
• The M-class supergiant Betelgease with a diametre of 700 • In 1979 Sky Lab was destroyed in earth’s atmosphere
million kms is the largest star of the universe. It is about 500 • In 1986, Russia launched its space station Mir
• Hubble telescope launched in April 243, 1990 through • Numismatics is the study of coins
Discovery Shuttle • Eugenics is the study of altering humans by changing their
• Apollo XI enabled man to step on moon genes or it refers to Improvement of human race
• Russian cosmonaut Valery Polyakov holds the record for • Ethology is the study of animal behavior
the longest stay in space. He spent 437 days in orbit in the • Anthropology is the study of origin and physical and
Mir Space Station. cultural development of mankind
• The first American Astronaut to go into space was Allen • Carpology is the study of fruits and seeds.
Shepherd. • Pathology deals with diseases
• First space vehicle to land on moon was Luna-9 • Histology deals with organic tissues
• Voyager I, spacecraft introduced ring system of Jupiter. • Pedology is the study of soil
• Pioneer 10 and 11 launched in 1973 and 1974, voyager 1 & • Cryogenics deals with the production, control and
2 in 1979 and Galileo in 1995 were missions sent to Jupiter application of low temperatures
• Astronomers know of over 50 moons orbiting Jupiter. • Seismology is study of movements inside earth’s crust
• Vostok I carried first man in space. • Ambidextrous is one who can write with both hands.
• Telstar, the world’s first communication satellite was • Astrophysics is a branch of astronomy which deals with the
launched in 1962. physical and chemical nature of heavenly bodies.
• Mercury project, first manned space programme of USA, • . A etiology is the study of causes of disease.
carried the first American into space on 5th May 1961. • Concho logy is the study of shells.
• Sputnik II, first artificial satellite was launched on 3 Nov: • Cryptology is the study of codes.
1957. • Dendrology is the study of trees.
• Lovell telescope is at Jodrell Bank (Site for space • Ergonomics is the study of relationships between people
observatory). and their working environment.
• Yuri Gagarin (Russia) cosmonauts became first traveler in • Graphology is the study of handwriting.
space in 1961. • Ichthyology in the study of fish.
• The first American Astronaut to go into space was Allen • Psychological study of life in artificial environment is
Shepherd called biopsy.
• Russian Cosmonaut valley polyakov holds the record for • Forms and features are studies under the branch of
the longest stay in space. He spent 437 days in orbit in the Marphology.
Mir Space Station. • Paleontology is the study of fossils.
• What was the first food consumed on the moon in Apollo • Phycology is the study of Algae.
11- Turkey • Mycology is the study of fungi.
• The first person to orbit the earth in space. John Glenn • The art of compiling dictionary is called Lexicography.
• Columbia Space shuttle broke up on re-entry to Earth on • Anthropology is the study of man.
Feb 1, 2003. • Cartography is the art of making maps and charts.
• Skylab was space laboratory launched in 1973 by USA. • Philately is hobby of stamp collecting.
• First women in space Valentine Tereshkove went into space • The branch of zoology, which deals with the study of
in Vostoc 6 on 16 June 1963. insects is called entomology
• On July 20, 1969, Neil Armstrong and Edwin Aldren • The production of generally identical reproduction is called
landed on the moon. as Cloning
• Geostationary Orbit is at a height of 36,000 km. • A petrologist studies what- Rocks history formation etc
• Pathfinder is robot craft that landed on Mars in 1997. • An onomastician studies what – Names
VARIOUS SCIENCES • Thanatology is the study of what Death
• Taxidermy means stuffing dead animals • The study of human population is called Demography.
• Stenography means short hand writing • What does an otologist study-The ear and its diseases
• Psoriasis is a learning disability • Noologists study what-The Mind
• Paleontology is study of fossils. • Semiology is the study of what-Signals
• Hematology is the study of blood. • What is silviculture- Forestry
• Study of earth is geology • What is Xylography- Wood Engraving
• Acoustics is the science of sound • Paleontology is the science of history of life.
• Cytology is the study of cell • Meteorology is the study of study of weather.
• Entomology is the study of insects. • Cryptography is the study which deals with the secret
• Apiculture is science of bee keeping writing.
• Ornithology is the science of birds • Hydroponics means cultivation of the plants without use of
• Philology is the science of languages soil.
• Oncology is the study of cancer • Hyetology is the study of rainfall.
• Exobiology is the study of life in outer space • Mycology is the study of fungus and fungi diseases.
• Numismatics is the study of coins. • Vitamin A is stored as Ester in liver
• Petrology is the study of rocks in the earth’s crust. • Vitamin A is found in carotene bearing plants
• Amniocentesis is a method for determination of foetal sex. • Vitamin K helps to form prothrobin (fibro gin) one of the
• What is Steganography: Invisible ink writing enzymes helpful in blood clotting
• Ichthyologists study what Fish • Vitamin E is necessary for iron utilization; normal
• What does a psephologist study: Voting – Elections reproductive function. Vitamin E is for reproduction.
• What is studied in Aerology-Planet Mars • Vitamin A is found in Dairy products
• What does a philologist study- Languages • Deficiency of Vitamin A causes Night blindness.
• Orthoepy is the study of what-Word pronunciation • Too much presence of the Potassium salt in human blood
• A philomath has a love of what- Learning increase the risk of heart attack.
• What is a nidologist interested in-Birds nests • The lack of calcium in the diet causes what condition-
• What is philography- Autograph collecting Rickets
• Agronomy is the science of soil management. • Celluloses are carbohydrates.
• Penology is the study, theory and practice of prison • Milk contains lactose.
management & criminal rehabilitation. • Vitamin C is a preventor of infectious disease
• Chemical preservation of dead organisms in liquid is called • Vitamin C is also called Skin food
Cryo-Bilogy. • Vitamin C can easily be lost in cooking and food storage
• Orthoepy is the study of what-Word pronunciation • Vitamin D is essential for calcium metabolism.
• What does a philologist study- Languages • Vitamin C hastens healing of wounds
• Chlama domonas is unicellular plant • Vitamin capable of formation of blood is B12
VARIOUS PROCESSES • Riches source of Vitamin D is code liver oil
• Chemical union of two or more molecules of the compound • Riches source of Vitamin A is eggs
to form larger molecules is called Polymerization. • Deficiency of Calcium leads to rickets
• The process by which plants take food is photosynthesis • Vitamin B1 is available is yeast.
• Reduction is the removal of oxygen atoms • Scury, arising due to deficiency of vitamin C, it is related to
• Oxidation is the combination of oxygen or removal of Gastro-intestinal disorder.
hydrogen • Sodium is necessary of nervous system.
• Horticulture is the cultivation of flowers, fruits and • Vitamin D is essential for calcium metabolism.
vegetable • Cheese contains vitamin D.
• Pastevurization is the protection of food by heating • Vitamin C can not be stored in human body.
• Method of preparation of warnish was discovered by Jabir • Scurvy, arising due to deficiency of vitamin C, it is related
bin Hayaan to Gastro-intestinal disorder.
• If temperature rises gradually up to 40 deg: C, the rate of • Sodium is necessary of nervous system.
photosynthesis may stop altogether • Ground nut has maximum protein
VITAMINS • Digestion of fat in intestine is aided by Emulsification
• Deficiency of vitamin A causes dryness of skin and night • Hair, finger nails, hoofs, etc are all make of protein
blindness • Deficiency of sodium and potassium causes muscular
• Skin food is Vitamin C cramps, headache and diahrae
• Vitamin C is also called Ascorbic Acid it prevents scurvy • Milk contains 80% water
• Vitamin C is also necessary for utilization of iron • Milk is a complete food.
• The food which contains largest amount of Vitamin C is • Cheese contains vitamin D.
tomato • Vitamin E is for reproduction.
• Cod liver oil contains Vitamin D • Deficiency of Thiamine causes Beri Beri.
• Collagen is the substance that gives elasticity to skin • Glucose is the source of energy for human brain.
• Vitamin E promotes oxygenation and acts as anti aging • Major component of honey is Glucose
• Carbon dioxide we release comes from food we eat • Three main food nutrients are carbohydrates, protein and
• Vitamin B2 has what other name Riboflavin fats. Other are vitamins and minerals
• Fats are made of carbon, hydrogen and oxygen • Meat is rich in iron we need to make blood cells
• Vitamin E is called anti-aging agent • Eating of coconut increases man’s mental faculties
• Vitamin E helps in fertility process • Food poisoning can result from the eating of too much
• Vitamin B helps maintain normal appetite and good toadstools.
digestion • Vitamin c is also known as Ascorbic Acid.
• Protein found in milk is Casein, in beans is Legumes, in • Celluloses are carbohydrates.
meat is myosin and in eggs is albumin • Milk contains lactose
• Water soluble vitamin are B and C and all other are fat • Ascorbic acid is essential for the formation of bones and
soluble teeth.
• Citric acid is a good substitution for ascorbic acid in our • Which Nobel category does not yet have a single female
nutrition. laureate? Economics
• A guava contains more vitamin C than an orange • Who won the first Nobel Prize in Physics? Roentgen.
• Vitamin not stored in human body…..C • Which single winner won the most number of Nobel
SCIENTISTS Prizes? International Committee of the Red Cross.
• Ibn baitar was a Botanist • Who was the first non-European to win the Nobel Prize in
• Kitab al Manazar on optical works was written by Ibn al Literature? Rabindranath Tagore
Haitham • Mathematicsis not a valid Nobel Prize category.
• Mamoon observatory was established during the reign of • In what year did the most people decline their Nobel Prize?
Caliph Mamoon 1939
• Circulation of blood was described by a muslim scientist • Who was the only person to win the Nobel Prize twice — in
name Nafis Abdul al-Hasan. Peace and Chemistry? Linus Pauling
• Al-Khwarizimi was first person who used zero. • Who was the only person to win the Nobel Prize twice — in
• Muslim scientist Ali al Tabari is famous for his work on both Physics and Chemistry? Marie Curie
___ (medical sciences) • Name the six categories for which the prizes are awarded.
• Al Beruni discovered that light travels faster than sound. Physics, Chemistry, Physiology or Medicine, Literature,
NOBLE PRIZE Peace and Economics.
• Astronomers cannot be nominated for noble prize • For which category was a Nobel Prize given starting 1969?
• Marie curie twice won Noble Prize. Economics.
• First Nobel Prizes were awarded on 10 Dec: 1901. • Who awards the Peace Prize? The Norwegian Nobel
• What country awards the Nobel peace prize- Norway Committee.
• Who won the Nobel Peace Prize in 1972-Nobody • Max Planck received the noble prize in Physics in 1918 for
• Who refused the Nobel Literature prize in 1958-Boris his discovery of: energy quanta
Pasternak • Climate change campaigner Al Gore and the UN’s
• Who was the first American to receive the Nobel Literature Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change have been
prize Sinclair Lewis jointly awarded the Nobel Peace Prize.
• Which Nobel Prize is not awarded annually in Stockholm • Rabindra Nath Tagore was the first Indian/South Asian to
Peace win Nobel Prize. (Literature in 1931).
• Mother Teresa was awarded Nobel Prize in the field of • Former US Vice-President Al Gore has won Noble Peace
peace. Prize 2007 for his campaign against Global Warming.
• The New York Times received five Pulitzer prizes of 2009 • Mr Gore won an Oscar for his climate change film An
for investigative, breaking news and international reporting, Inconvenient Truth
feature photography and criticism. • The first negro to be awarded the Nobel Peace Prize was
• A noted Indian wildlife biologist, Dr M.D. Madhusudan, Ralph Johnson Bunche
Director of Nature Conservation Foundation • Rabindarnath Tagore won first Nobel Prize from South
• Four persons have been awarded Nobel Prize twice. Asia.
• Van’t Hoff was the first Nobel Laureate in Chemistry. • The first Muslim Nobel Laureate was: Anwar Sadaat of
• Wole Soyinka is a Nobel Prize winner for literature. He is Egypt
from Nigeria. • Nobel Prize holder UN institutions…..UNHCR, UAEA
• Which field was not included by Alfred Nobel originally… •
Economics NATIONAL EMBLEM
• Person getting the nobel peace prize in 2008 was of the • National Emblem of Britain is Rose-Lion.
country. Finland • National Emblem of Bangladesh is Water Lily.
• Alfred Nobel was born in Stockholm, Sweden, more than • National Emblem of China is Narcissus.
150 years ago. In what year was he born? Alfred Nobel was • National Emblem of Egypt is Lotus.
born in 1833 • National Emblem of France is Lily.
• What did Alfred’s father, Immanuel, do for a living? • National Emblem of Iran is Rose.
Alfred’s father was an engineer and inventor. • National Emblem of Kuwait is Falcon.
• Alfred Nobel never married. • National Emblem of Pakistan is Crescent-Jasmine.
• A future Nobel Laureate worked for a short period of time • National Emblem of Syria is Eagle.
as Alfred Nobel’s secretary. Who? Bertha von Suttner • National Emblem of Sri Lanka is Lion.
• Alfred Nobel died on 10 December 1896, but not in • National Emblem of Netherlands is Lion
Sweden, his home country. Where did he die? Alfred Nobel FAMOUS EPITHETS
died in San Remo, Italy. • What city is known as The worlds chocolate capital:
• Why did Alfred Nobel establish a prize in his will? Alfred Hershey Pennsylvania
Nobel wanted to award the greatest benefits to mankind. • Which countries name translates as land of the free-
Thailand • Gateway to Pakistan is called to Karachi.
• The country known as the Land of Thunderbolts is Bhutan • Little Pakistan is called to Bradford.
• Rome is also known as “City of Seven Hills”. • Manchester of Pakistan is called to Faisalabad.
• Penang is called the “Pearl of East”. • Pyramid city is called to Cairo.
• “Sandwich Island” is called to Hawaii Island. • Rose pink city is called to Jaipur.
• Detroit is known as the Motor City. • Windy city is called to Chicago.
• Britain of south is called to New Zealand. • Lusitanian is the alternative name of Portugal.
• Buffer state of Asia is called to Afghanistan. • Emerald Island is called to Ireland.
• Cockpit of Europe is called to Belgium. • Land of Prophets is called to Palestine.
• Crossroad of Western Europe is called to Belgium. • Yellow River is known as China’s Sorrow because of
• Emerald Island is called to Ireland. devastating floods.
• Flower garden to Europe is called to Netherlands. • Gibraltar of the west is said to Quebec.
• Gift of Nile is called of Egypt. • Zambia is known as “country of Copper”
• Great Britain of the Pacific is called to Japan. • Albania means the “Land of Eagles”.
• Island continent is called to Australia. • Argentian means “Like Silver”.
• Horn of Africa is called to Somalia. • Bahrain means two seas.
• Key to Mediterranean is called to Gibraltar. • Brazil means “Red wood”.
• Land of contrasts is called to Colombia. • Costa Rica means “Rich coast”.
• Land of free people is called to Thailand. • Cyprus means “Land of copper”.
• Land of fertile fields is called to Algeria. • Guuatnemala mean “Land of Eagles”.
• Land of golden fiber is called to Bangladesh. • Jamaica means “Good water”.
• Land of midnight sun is called to Norway. • Kuwait means “Fort”.
• Land of milk and honey is called to Lebanon. • Liberia means “Land of free people”.
• Land of morning calm is called to Korea. • Netherlands means “low land”.
• Land of mighty rivers is called to Nigeria. • Nigeria means “a great river”.
• Land of mountain is called to Nepal. • Sierra Leone means “Lion Mountains”.
• Land of rising sun is called to Japan. • Singapore means “city of lions”.
• Land of Thousand Island is called to Indonesia. • Sudan means “Land of black people”.
• Land of pure people is called to Pakistan. • Turkey means “Land of Turks”.
• Land of white elephant is called to Thailand. • Which country is popularly called ‘The Land of the Maple
• Pillars of Hercules is called to Gibraltar. Leaf’? Canada
• Playground of Europe is called to Switzerland. • Mistress of the Eastern Seas is epithet referred to Sri Lanka.
• Remnant of mighty empire is called to Austria. • Hong Kong is called as Pearl of the Orient.
• Sorrow of china is called to Hawang Hoo. • Which worlds city is known as The Golden City Prague
• Switzerland of Africa is called to Swaziland. Czech
• Site of Ancient Civilization is called to Iraq. • What place was nicknamed “The Pearl of the Orient”-
• Whiteman’s Grave is called to Guinea. Manilla – Philippines
• Brasilia of Pakistan is called to Islamabad. • What countries name translates as lion mountains- Sierra
• City of angles is called to Bangkok. Leone
• City of bazaars is called to Cairo. • What place is nicknamed “The City of Lilies”- Florence
• City of colleges is called to Lahore. • Mesopotamia means- Between two Rivers
• City of conference is called to Geneva. COUNTRIES WITH CAPITALS & Currencies
• City of cosmonauts is called to Moscow. COUNTRY CAPITAL CURRENCY
• City of eternal spring is called to Quito. Afghanistan Kabul Afghani
• City of golden temple is called to Amritsar. Algeria Algiers
• City of Golden Gate is called to San Francisco. Argentina Buenos Aires
• City of mosques is called to Dhaka. Australia Canberra Australian Dollar
• City of parks is called to Kiev. Austria Vienna
• City of palaces is called to Calcutta. Azerbaijan Baku
• City of pope is called to Rome. Belgium Brussels
• City of space flights is called to Cape Kennedy. Bhutan Thimphu
• City of peace is called to Baghdad. Bosnia Herzegovina Sarajevo
• Forbidden City is called to Lahaska. Canada Ottawa
• Gateway to the east is called to Beirut. China Beijing Yuan
• Gateway to the gulf is called to Abu Dhabi. Cuba Havana
• Gateway to India is called to Bombay. Cyprus Nicosia
Denmark Copenhagen Krone Eritrea Asmara
Egypt Cairo Pound Bangladesh Dhaka Taka
France Paris Franc CHANGED NAMES Old Name New Name
Gorgia Tibillsi • Pipri Bin Qasim.
Germany Berlin Deutsche Mark • Lyallapur Faisalabad.
Greece Athens • Abyssinia Ethiopia.
Hungary Budapest • Burma Myanmar.
India New Delhi Rupee • Ceylon Srilanka.
Indonesia Jakarta Rupiah • Duch-East-Indies Indonesia.
Iran Tehran Riyal • French Sudan Mali.
Iraq Baghdad Dinar • Helvetia Switzerland.
Ireland Dublin • Mogyarzaq Hungry.
Israel Tel Aviv Shekel • Mesopotamia Iraq.
Italy Rome Pesso • Najd and Hejaz Saudi Arabia.
Japan Tokyo Yen • New Granda Colombia.
Jordan Oman • Nippon Japan.
Kazakhastan Astana • Persia Iran.
North Korea Pyongyang • Siam Thailand.
South Korea Seoul won • South Rhodesia Zimbabwe.
Kyrgyzstan Bishkek Som • South West Africa Namibia.
Lebanon Beirut • Soviet Union Russian Federation.
Libya Tripoli Dinal • Turkmenia Turkmenistan.
Malaysia Kuala Lumpur Ringgit • Upper Volta Burkina Faso.
Maldives Male • Urumdi Brumdi.
Morocco Rabat • Constantinople Istanbul.
Nepal Kathmandu Rupaia • Christiana Oslo.
Netherlands Amsterdam Guilder • Formosa Taiwan.
New Zealand Wellington • Greenland Kalaallet Nunaat.
Nigeria Abuja • Holland Netherlands.
Norway Oslo Krone • Combodia Kampuchea.
Phillippines Manila • Krugn Thep Bangkok.
Poland Budapest • Leningard St. Petersburg.
Qatar Doha • Montgomery Sahiwal.
Russia Moscow Ruble • Burma Myanmar.
Saudi Arabia Riyadh Riyal • Peiking Beijing.
Bulgaria Sofia • Persia Iran.
Singapore Singapore Dollar • Rhodesia Zimbabwe.
South Africa Pretoria and Cape Town Rand • Salisbury Harare.
Spain Madrid • Tripoli Libya.
Sri Lanka Colombo • Madras Chennai.
Sudan Khartoum • Edo Tokyo.
Sweden Stockholm Krona • Temasek Singapore.
Switzerland Bern • Stalinabad Dushanbe.
Syria Damascus Pound • United Arab Republic Egypt.
Taiwan Taipei • Jabal-i-Tariq Gibraltar
Tajikistan Dushanbe • Equatorial Africa Chad
Thailand Bankok • Ray Isfahan
Turkey Istanbul Lira • Pataliputra Patna
Turkmenistan Ashgabad • Sankiang Xinjiang
Ukraine Kiev • Old name of Tamil Nadu is Madras State.
UAE Abu Dhabi • The earlier name of New York city was New Amsterdam
UK London • Prior to independence, Ghana was called ‘Gold Coast’.
US Washington D.C • Afghanistan was known as Ariana.
Uzbekistan Tashkent • The new name of Yalamlam is As-Sadiya.
Vietnam Hanoi • The name of Mesopotamia was changes to Iraq in the year
Yemen Sanaa
1935. • The organization of Arab Petroleum Exporting Countries
• The earlier name of New York city was New Amsterdam was founded in 1968, its headquarter is in Cairo (Egypt).
IMPORTANT ORGANISATIONS & PACTS • Organization of American State was founded in 1948; its
Name Founded Member Headquarter heat quarter is in Washington DC (USA).
• ADB- 1986- Philippines • There are 76 countries in WTO.
• Arab League- 1945- 22- Cairo • China became the member of the World Trade Organization
• ASEAN- Aug 8, 1967- 9- Jakarta, founded at Bangkok. on 11 December 2001
• COMECON- 1948- Havana. • OPANAL stands for Agency for the Prohibition of Nuclear
• Colombo Plan- 1st July 1951- Colombo (Srilanka) Weapons in Latin America.
• Common Wealth- 1931- 53- London. • OPANAL was formed on 2nd December, 1969, its
• Council of Europe- 1949- 34- Strasbourg. headquarter is in Mexico City.
• CIS- Jan 1991- 12- • OECS stands of Organization of Eastern Caribbean States,
• D8- 15 June 1997- Founded at Turkey, HQ Turkey. established on 18th June, 1981.
• ECO- Jan 1985- 8- Tehran. • The head quarter of OECS is in Casries (St. Lucia).
• GCC- 1981- 6- Riyadh • UN has 6 principle organs.
• ICJ- 1951- Geneva. • Security Council has 5 permanent members.
• ICRC- 1883- Geneva. • The Economic and Social Council acts as coordinating
• Interpol 1956 Lyon (France) body for the numerous specialized agencies created by the
• NAM 1961 UN. The council has 54 members elected for the term of 3
• OIC 22 to 25 Sep 1969- 56- Jeddah established in Rabat years.
(Morocco). • The international court of justice comprises 15 judges.
• SAARC 8, 1985- 7- 8 Katmandu- established at Dhaka. • The IBRD was established in 27th Dec 1945.
• NATO- 1949 Brussels. • Steel Pact was signed between Italy and Germany on 22nd
• SEATO Sep 8, 1954 founder at Manila, ended in 1977. May 1939 at Berlin.
• UNO 24 Oct 1945 New York. • Camp David Accord made between Egypt and Israel on 17
• Warsaw Pact 14th May 1955. Dissolved in 1991. Sep 1978.
• Term of non-permanent members of the Security Council is • Locarno pact signed on 16th October, 1925, signed at
2 years. Locarno.
• General Assembly and Security Council appoints the judges • Four Power Pact was signed on 16th July, 1933 at Paris.
of International Court of Justice. • CENTO was signed on 24th Feb, 1955 in Baghdad.
• RCD was changed to ECO in Jan 1985. • Balkan Pact was signed on 9th Feb, 1934.
• G-8 was established on 22 September 1985. G-8 was • Eisenhower Doctrine was announced in 1957.
originally the G-5 but was expanded when Canada, Italy and • Entente Cordiale was formed in April 1904, the agreement
Russia jointed in June 1997. was signed between England and France.
• European Union came in to being on January 1, 2000, EU • Dawes Plan was introduced in 1924.
adopted Euro currency in 2001. Its head quarter is in Brussels • CTBT opened for signature from Sep 24, 1996.
(Belgium). • KELLOGG-Briand pact was signed by 15 states on 27th
• International Energy Agency was founded in 1974; its head August, 1928, it was signed in Paris.
quarter is in Paris (France). • Rio Summit was held in Rio-de-Janero on 14th 1992.
• International Olympic Committee was formed in 1984; its • According to the young plan (1929) announced after the
head quarter is in Lausanne (Switzerland). first world war Germany was required to pay 100 million
• The head quarter of international Red Cross and Red dollars in installments.
Crescent is in Geneva (Switzerland). • UN’s resolution 1441about Iraq was passed in Nov 2002.
• Organization of Petroleum and Exporting Countries was • Amnesty International is an international organization
founded in Baghdad in 1960; its head quarter is in Vienna which works for the release of the political prisoners. It was
(Austria). established by peter Bomenson in the year of 1961.
• The organization of Economic Cooperation and • In 1941 the Atlantic Charter was signed by Churchill and
Development was founded in 1961; its head quarter is in Roosevelt.
Paris (France). • Truman Doctrine——-announced on 12 March 1947 about
• The world council of churches was established in 1948 in the security of Greece and Turkey.
Amsterdam (Netherlands), its headquarter is in Geneva • USSR and its allies signed Warsaw pact in the year 1955.
(Switzerland). • The famous Dumbarton Oaks conference, which formulated
• North American Free Trade Agreement, its origin lies in the proposals about UN charter, was held in Dec 1944.
free trade agreement signed by the USA and Canada in 1989. • On 14th August 1941, US president F.D Roosevelt and
• The organization of African Unity was founded in 1963; its British Premier W. Churchill signed the Atlantic Charter on a
head quarter is in Addis Ababa (Ethiopia). battle ship.
• Veraillies Treaty was signed in 1919. • The heal quarter of International Civil Aviation
• Bostan Tea party tool place in 1773. Organization is in Montréal (Canada).
• The civil right act which was passed in USA in 1964 was • The head quarter of International Fund for Agricultural
the result of the March of 250000 people organized by Development is in Rome (Italy).
Martin Luther king in 1963. • The head quarter of International Labor Organization is in
• The famous XYZ affair tool place when an American Geneva (Switzerland).
delegation visited England. • The head quarter of International Monetary Fund is in
• Potsdam conference was held in 1945. Washington (USA).
• Mamoon Abdul Gavvum (PM of Maldives) said SAARC is • The head quarter of International Maritime Organization is
a brain child. in London (UK).
• Napolean I, first person to call English a nation of • The head quarter of International Telecommunication
shopkeepers. Union is in Geneva (Switzerland).
• Genius is one percent inspiration and 99 percent • The head quarter of United Nations Educational, Scientific
perspiration; these words are said by Thomas A. Edison. and Cultural Organization) is in Paris (France).
• Hippocrates said that extreme remedies are most • The head quarter of United Nations Industrial Development
appropriate for extreme disease. Organization is in Vienna (Austria).
• Archimedes said that give me but one firm spot on which to • The head quarter of Universal Postal Union is in Berne
stand, and I will move the earth. (Switzerland).
• Leonardo da vinci observed that every man – at three years • The head quarter of World Health Organization is in
old- is half his height. Geneva (Switzerland).
• Darse Ninamia was introduced in Indo-Pak by Mulla • The head quarter of World Intellectual Property
Mizam Ud Din. Organization is in Geneva (Switzerland).
• Interpol was founded in 1923 in what city- Vienna • The head quarter of World Meteorological Organization is
• The Asian development bank established in 1966 with in Geneva (Switzerland).
headquarter located at MANILA (philipines). • The head quarter of World Bank or IBRD is in Washington
• Eqypt , Iraq , jorden , Lebanon , Saudi Arab , Syria and (USA).
Yemen are the founder nations of the arab league. • The head quarter of World Trade Organization is in Geneva
• Asian development bank was established in 1966 with (Switzerland).
headquarter located at manila(philipine) • The head quarter of United Nation Development Program is
• The International court of Justice is located in in New York (USA).
Hague,Holland • The head quarter of United Nations High Commissioner for
• WHO is not the principal organ of the United Nations. Refugees is in Geneva (Switzerland).
• Declaration of Human Rights was adopted on Dec: 10, • The head quarter of United Nations International Children’s
1948. Emergency Fund is in New York (USA).
• Green Peace has no formal structure and Secretariat. • The head quarter of United Nations Relief and Works
• Who were the three statesmen who formulated Non- Agency is in Vienna (Austria).
Aligned Movement (NAM): Nehru, Nasser, Tito • Head quarters of WWF are in Vienna, Austria.
• international headquarter of Transparency International • SAARC was formed in December, 1985.
(TI} • SAARC Human Resource Development Centre is located at
is located in Berlin, Germany. The founder of the Islamabad.
organisation is Peter Eigen • HQ of Universal Postal Union is in Berne.
• The permanent Secretariat of SAARC is established at: • New Zealand’s Don McKinnon is the first secretary general
Khatmandu of commonwealth.
• How many official working languages are recognized by • First Islamic Summit was held at Rabat in 1969.
UNO:6 • Second Islamic Summit was held at Lahore in 1974.
• Who was the first Asian Secretary General of the United • 1n 1948 the UN drawn up a charter of civil and political
Nations? U. Thant rights.
• Baden Powel was the founder of Boy Scout and Civil • First Secretary General of UN was Tregav Lee of Norway.
Guides Movement. • Kofi Anan got noble peace price in 2001.
• CIS are 11 independent states of the former Soviet Union • UNO world was coined by F.D Roosevelt.
known as Commonwealth of Independent States. • Kofi Anan is the 7th Secretary General of UNO.
HEADQUARTERS OF WORLD ORGANISATIONS • What was the first country to leave the United Nations-
• The head quarter of Food and Agriculture Organization is in Indonesia
Rome (Italy). • Don McKinnon is the secretary General of Commonwealth.
• The head quarter of International Atomic Energy Agency is • The term of the judges of the international court of justice is
in Vienna (Austria). 9 years.
• ILO is not an organ of the UN. • United Nations spends a lion’s share of its budget on
• First city to be placed under UN was Sarajevo. Refugees rehabilitations
• The UN observed 1998 as the human rights year with the • The UNO originated during the Second World War. Its
theme “ All Human Rights for All”. charter was drawn up from 25th April to 26th June, 1945 at
• ICJ has 15 judges, any two of whom cannot be of the same San Francisco which was signed by 51 countries.
nationality. • What famous battle was fought at Pancenoit-Waterloo –
• Myanmar is not a member of SAARC. (four miles away)
• UN Charter was signed on June 26, 1945 and came into • Transparency International is based in Berlin.
force on October 24, 1945. • Where is the headquarter of the Amnesty International
• Olive Branch is the emblem of the U.N. located: London
• Five permanent members of U.N Security Council are • Arab Magrib Union consists of Five States.
China, France, Russia, UK and US. • Universal Declaration of Human Rights was adopted in
• UN Security Council has five permanent and 10 non- 1948.
permanent members. • ESCAP is Economic and Social Commission for Asia and
• Bangladesh is not a member of ASEAN. Pacific. Its head office is at Bangkok.
• As per SAFTA agreement, India, Pakistan & Sri Lanka • Human Right Watch dog headquarter is in.. New York
have to decrease their custom duties to 0-5% by 2013. • In which city World Economic forum usually holds its
• Estonia is not a member of CIS. meetings? The World Economic Forum (WEF) is a Geneva-
• Portuguese is not an official language of UN. based non-profit foundation best known for its annual
• ICJ has issued the arrest warrant of … Omar al Basher of meeting in Davos, Switzerland
Sudan IMPORTANT DAYS
• The United States of America has used its veto power more • International Day for the elimination of racial
than any other permanent member discrimination is observed on 21 March.
• G-7 is the group of seven rich industralial nations- Britain, • World environment day is observed on 5th June.
Canada, France, Germany, Italy, Japan and the US. • International day of peace is observed on 3rd Tuesday of
• The UNO originated during the second world war.Its September.
charter was drawn up from 25th April to 26th June, 1945 at • World food day is observed on 16 October.
San Francisco which was signed by 51 countries. • International women’s day is observed on 8th March.
• In 1971 the people republic of china was given membership • World health day is observed on 7th April.
of UNO by expelling Taiwan. • Universal children’s day is observed on 20 November.
• The UN Industrial Development Organization has its • World’s aids day is observed on 1 December.
headquarters at Vienna. • United nation’s day is observed on 24th October.
• Universal Declaration of Human Rights was adopted in • International day of disabled person is observed on 3
1948. December.
• Initially, Arab league has seven countries. • Human rights day is observed on 10 December.
• Headquarter of Arab League is located in Cairo. Arab • Press day is celebrated on 3rd May.
League was established on 22nd March 1945. • Kashmir Solidarity Day is observed on 5 Feb.
• Amnesty International was established in London by the • In France the Bastille Day is celebrated on 14th July.
British Lawyer, Peter Benenson in 1961 • International Literacy day is observed on 8 Sep.
• The International court of justice was constituted on 26th • World children day is observed on 8th March.
June 1945 • Human rights day is observed on 10th Dec.
• The Charter of United Nations consists of 111 articles. • Day against drug trafficking is observed on 26 June.
• The Common Wealth of Australia came into existence in • 22 March is celebrated as the world day for water.
1901. • 11th July is known as World Population Day.
• Article 55 of the UN Charter promotes international Human • Kashmir solidarity day is celebrated all over the country on
Rights. 5th February.
• Territorial waters traditionally are recognized to extend how • World`s teacher day was observed on october 5, 2005 in
far from a state’s coastline? 12 miles. pakistan.
• A state’s executive economic zone (EEZ) is recognized to • International Literacy Day is celebrated on September 8.
extend how far from the coastline? 12 miles • International Ozone Day is observed on September 16.
• ECOSOC has been established under chapter 10 of the UN • The year 1998 was observed as the International Year of
charter Ocean.
• United Arab Emirates is a federation of 7 Emirates. • Commonwealth Day is observed on May 24 every year.
• Switzerland joined the UN during 2002. • Human Rights Day is observed on 10th December every
• African Development Bank was established in 1964. year.
• The principal organs of United Nations are Six. • No Smoking Day is observed on April 7.
• World Book Day is observed on April 23. • Gulliver’s Travels is written by Jonathan Swift
• World Environment Day is observed on June 5. • Hamlet is written by W.Shakespeare
• 3rd may… world press freedom day • Ibn Battuta Travels in Asia and Africa is written by Ibn
• World literacy day is celebrated on 8th September Battuta
IMPORTANT BOOKS & THEIR AUTHORS • Jungle book is written by Rudyard Kipling
• Shahnama-i-Islam was written by Hafeez Jalandri. • Jinnah of Pakistan is written by Stanley Wolpert
• Man who ruled India was written by Philip Woodruff. • Myth of independence is written by Z. A Bhutto
• The book confession was written by Rousseau. • World War is written by W. Churchill
• Quaid –e-Azam Jinnah. The story of a Nation is written by • Merchant of Venice is written by Shakerpeare
G.Allana. • Muhammad Ali Jinnah is written by M.H Saiyid
• Heroes and Hero-Worship was written by Carlyle. • Much Ado About Nothing is written by Shakespeare
• Foundation of Pakistan was written by Sharif ud din • Nine Days Wonder is written by John Masefield
Pirzada. • Nineteen Eighty Four is written by George Orwell
• Rubaiyat of Omar Khayyam was written by Edward • Old man and the Sea is written by Ernest Hamingway
Fitzgeranld. • Oliver Twist is written by Charles Dickens
• Gitanjali was written by Rabindranath Tagore. • Origin Of species is written by Charles Darwin
• Asrar-e-khudi is written by Allama Iqbal • Paradise Lost is written by John Milton
• Bal-e-Jibril is written by Allama Iqbal • Pickwick papers is written by Charles Dickens
• Bang-e-dara is written by Allma Iqbal • Pride and Prejudice is written by Jane Austen
• Bostan is written by Sheikh Saadi • Robinson Crusoe is written by Daniel Defoe
• Darbar-i-Akbari is written by Azad, Muhammad Hussain • Sense and Sensibility is written by Jane Austin
• Gulistan is written by Sheikh Saadi • Sohrab and Rustam Mathew Arnold
• Hayat-i-Jawid is written by Hali • Social Contact is written by Rousseau
• Javaid Nama is written by Allama Iqbal • Treasure Island is written by R.L Stevenson
• Jawab-e-Shikwah is written by Allama Iqbal • Tropic of Cancer is written by Henry Miller
• Ktab al Shifa is written by Ibn Sina • Twelfth Night is written by W. Shakespeare
• Mirat ul Aroos is written by Nazir Ahmed • A Tale of Two Cities is written by Charles Dickens
• Muqaddamah is written by Ibn Khaldun • Vanity of Human Wishes is written by Samuel Johnson
• Shaer o Shaeri is written by Altaf Hussain Hali • Wealth of Nation is written by Adam Simith
• Mussaddas-i-Hali is written by Altaf Hussain Hali • Zulfi Bhutto of Pakistan is written by Stanley Wolpert
• Naqsh-e-Faryadi is written by Faiz Ahmed Faiz • Faust is written by Goethe
• Payam-e-Mashriq is written by Allama Iqbal • Mein Kampf is written by Hitler
• Shahnama is written by Firdausi • Divine Comedy is written by Dante
• Tehzeeb al Ikhlaq is written by Sir Syed Ahmed Khan • Odyssey (Greek) is written by Homer
• Tafhim ul quran is written by Syed Abdul ala Maudoodi. • Utopia is written by Thomas Mooore
• Yadgar-i-Galib is written by Hali • War and Peace is written by Leo Tolstoy
• Zabur-e-Anjam is written by Dr. Allama Iqbal • Crime and Punishment is written by F.M Dostovsky
• Zarb-e-Kaleem is written by Dr. Allama Iqbal • Communist Manifesto is written by Karl Marx and Eagles
• Arabian Nights is written by Sir Richard Buton • Das Capital is written by Karl Marx
• An Ideal Husband is written by Oscar Wilde • The idiot is written by Dostoevsky
• A woman of No importance is written by Oscar Wild • Don Quixoto is written by Miguel De Cervates
• Animal Farm is written by George Orwell • The Prince is written by Machiavelli
• Anthony Cleopatra is written by W. Shakespeare • Constitutional Development of Pakistan is written by G.W
• As you like it is written by W. Shakespeare Choudhry
• Caesar and Cleopatra is written by G.B Shaw • Five Thousand Years of Pakistan is written by Wheeler
• Comedy of Errors is written by W. Shakespeare R.E.M
• Daughter of the East is written by Benazir Bhuto • Foreign Policy of Pakistan is written by Zulifkar Ali Bhutto
• Decline and Fall of Roman Empire is written by Edward • Jinnah, Creator of Pakistan is written by Hecor Bolitho
Gibbon • Muslim Separatism in India and Pakistan is written by
• Doctor’s Dilemma is written by G.B Shaw Abdul Hamid
• East of Aden is written by John Steinbeck • Pakistan the Formative Phase is written by Lawrence Ziring
• French Revolution is written by Tomas Carlyle • Political Syetem in Pakistan is written by Khalid B. Saeed
• Freedom at Midnight is written by Larry Collins and • Politics in Pakistan is written by Khalid B. Saeed
Dominique Lapiere • Quaid-i-Azam and Pakistan is written by Ahmad Hasan
• Gone with the Wind is written by Margaret Mithchel Dani
• Great Expectations is written by Charles Dickens • Struggle for Pakistan is written by I.H Qureshi
• The Emergence of Pakistan is written by Mohammad Ali • Jinnah of Pak: = Stanley Woolpert.
Choudhry • Jinnah as I know him= Abdul Hassan Isphahani.
• The Making of Pakistan is written by K.K Aziz • The Making of Pakistan= Richard Symonds.
• Towards Pakistan is written by Whaeed-uz-Zaman • The Making of Pakistan=K.K.Aziz.
• World Politics Since 1945 is written by P. Calvocrassi • Jinnah:Creator of Pak:=Hector Bolithio.
• Khusboo is written by Parveen Shakir • Quaid-e-Azam: The Story of A Nation=G.Allana.
• Laila Majnoo is written by Amir Khusro • India wins Freedom= Abdul Kalam Azad.
• Akbar nama is written by Abu Fazal • Emergence of Pak:=Ch: Rahmat Ali.
• Al Qanoon fil Tib is written by Ibne Sina • Towards Pakistan=Wahiduzaman
• Green Book is written by Presisdent Moamoor Gadafi • Transfer of Power in India=V.P.Memon.
• Republic is written by Plato • Pak: Nagozeer Tha= Syed Hasan Raza.
• Revolution and Independence is written by Words Worth • Quaid-i-Azam & Pakistan=Ahmed Hassan Dani.
• Road to Freedom is written by Bertrand Russel • Friends not Masters=Ayub Khan.
• Romeo and Juliet is written by Shakespeare • The Pakistan Issue= Nazir Yar Jung.
• Joan of Arc is written by G.W Shaw. • Quid wrote the preface of “My Leader”=Ziauddin Ahmed.
• Foust was written by Goethe. • Muslim Nationalism in India= Malik Hafeez.
• “Profiles in Courage” is written by Henry Kissinger. • Pathway to Pak: = Ch: Khaiquzzaman.
• Pickwick Papers were written by Charles Dickens. • The Indian Musalimans= W.W.Hunter.
• “East and Eden” was written by John Steinback. • Our Struggle=Mohd: Noman.
• A farewell to Arms is written by Earnest Hemingway. • Evolution of Pak: Sharifuddin Pirzada.
• Travel in Arabian Desert was written by C.M Doughty. • Mohd: Ali Jinnah=G.Allana.
• The spirit of Islam was written by Syed Ameer Ali. • Birth of Pak: =Dr. Sachin.
• The poem Shikwah and Jawab-e-Sikwah was written by • Pak: the Heart of Asia= Liaquat Ali Khan.
Allama Iqbal. • Incomplete Partition = Alastair Lamb.
• Five Thousand Years of Pakistan was written by REM • Birth of a tragedy= Dr. Tahir Amir.
Wheeler. • My Last day with Quaid=Ilahi Bux
• Struggle of Pakistan was written by I.H Qureshi. • Outline of a scheme of Indian Federation=Sir Sikandar
• The poem “Ancient Mariner” is the work of Coleridge. Hayat Khan.
• White Papers are policy statements published by the British • Thought on Pakistan= Ambedkar.
parliament on the subject of tremendous public importance. • ‘Freedom’ at Midnight= Larry Collins
• Blue Books are the official reports of the British • Hayat-e-Javed was written by Altaf Hussain Hali.
Government. • The Forgotten Years is an autobiography of from Foreign
• White Books are the official publications of the countries Minister Sir Zafarullah Khan.
like Portugal, China, and Germany. • Mission with Mountabatten=Alan Campbell Johnson.
• Yellow Books are the official records of France. • Religious Thought of Sayyid Ahmed Khan==Bahir Ahmad
• Grey Books are the official policy as well as reports of the Dar.
Japanese government. • The Cambridge History of the British
• Green Books are the official reports of the Italian Empire=H.H.Dodwell.
government. • Oxford History of India=Vincent Smith.
• Orange Books are the official publication of the • India, Pakistan & the West=Percival Smith.
Netherlands. • The book “party politics in Pakistan’ (1947-58) is written
• Lenin wrote ‘the state and revolution’. by K.K.AZIZ.
• Ibn-e-Khaldun retired as a judge. • Alice in Wonderland is a book written by Lewis Carrol.
• Al Ghazali is known as Hujatul Islam. • Edwina and Nehru is written by Catherine Clement.
• The name of the book which Al-Farabi wrote is ‘Ara • Beloved is a novel authored by Toni Morrison.
Madinatul Fazila’. • Conquest of Happiness was authored by Bertrand Russel.
• Plato wrote ‘the laws’. • Crossing the Threshold of Hope was authored by Pope John
• Aristotle founded ‘the lyceum’. Paul II.
• Mao wrote ‘On contradictions’. • Gulliver’s Travel is authored by Jonathan Swift in which
• J.S. Mill wrote ‘On liberty’. there is description of the island of Lilliputs.
• Witness to surrender=Siddique Saliq. • Higher than Hopes is biography of Nelson Mandela.
• A short history of Pak:=I.H.Qureshi. • India Divided is a book written by Dr. Rajenra Parsad.
• Discovery of Pak:= A.Aziz. • Indian War of Independence is a book written by V.D.
• Foundation of Pak: = Sharifuddin Pirzada. Savarkar.
• Five Thousand Years of Pak::= R.E.M. Wheeler. • Kubla Khan is a poem by Coleridge.
• History of Freedom Movement=I.H.Qureshi. • Life Divine is a book written by Sri Aurobindo.
• Men are from Mars, Women are from Venus is the book • Nickname of Atomic Bomb dropped on Hiroshima in 1945
written by John Gray. was Little Boy and on Nagasaki=Fat Man.
• Mother India is a book written by Katherine Mayo. • The hundred year war actually lasted for 114 years.
• My Frozen Turbulence in Kashmir is written by Jagmohan. • Sir William Howard Russell was the first Great War
• Unto This Last is written by Ruskin. correspondent.
• Who wrote Gone with the Wind: Margaret Mitchell • Hundred years war fought between France and Britain
• Who wrote “History of God”? Karen Armstrong during 1338-1453.
• Raghuvasma was written by Kalidas. • Cease fire between Iran and Iraq took place in 1988, by the
• Grief and Hope is a book written by Noa Ben Artizi- intervention of U.N.
Plossof, grand-daughter of slain Israili PM Yitzak Rabin. • The place named Normandy became worlds famous due to
• Freedom Behind Bars is a book written by Kiran Bedi. the D.Day landing during the Second World War on 6th June
• Hayat-e-Jawaid, written by Altaf Hussain Hali, is on the life 1944. Normandy is located in France.
of Sir Syed Ahmed Khan. • Pearl Harbor incident took place on 7th Dec 1941.
• “The Sun also Rises” is written by Earnest Hemingway. • In 1982 the Falklands war was fought between Britain and
• Khadija Mastoor wrote Angan. Argentina.
• Imam Ghazali is the author of Ihya-ul-Uloom. • Civil War of USA lasted from 1861-1865.
• Montesquieu wrote ‘the spirit of laws’. • The famous British Naval commander, who defected the
• Who wrote the book – Call of the Wild-Jack London French Naval Fleet at Nile in 1788 and at Trafalgar in 1805
• Who wrote “Voyage through History”? Musarrt Hussain was Horatio Nelson.
Zuberi • Doer war fought between South Africa and British.
• Who is the author of “Preparing for the Twenty First • Fighting broke out between Greeks and the Turks in July
Century”? Paul Kennedy 1974.
• Who wrote “Supreme Court and Human Rights”? • At the end of Second World War in 1945, Germany was
Tamizuddin divided among 4 major powers.
• The author of famous book, “Nuclear Weapons and Foreign • In Opium war Britain fought against China.
Policy” is Henry Kissinger. • Gulf war Jan 1991 stopped in Feb 28, 1991.
• ‘Rise and Fall of Great Powers’ is the work of Paul • Iran-Iraq was started in Sep 1980 and ended in Aug1988.
Kennedy. • Lloyd George of Great Britain represented in treaty of
• My Experiments with Truth is autobiography of Mahtma Versailles.
Gandhi. • Germany remained in grip of allied occupation from 1994
IMPORTANT BATTLES to 1952.
• Battle of Jhelum was fought b/w Alexandar the Great and • The American general who acted as the supreme
Raja Porus in 326 B.C. The latter was defeated. commander of Allied forces in Europe during the second
• Mahumud Ghaznavi invaded on Somnath in 1025 A.D. world war was D.D Eisenhower.
• Battle of Tarain was fought b/w Mohd: Ghouri and Prithvi • The criminals of the Second World War were trailed in the
Raj in 1192 A.D. The former won the battle. city of Nuremburg.
• First battle of Panipat was fought b/w Ibrahim Lodhi and • Break up of Germany occurred on 1945 and merger on Oct
Babur in 1526. Babur won the battle. 3, 1990.
• Second battle of Panipat was fought in 1556. Akbar won the • Iraq occupied Kuwait on 2nd Aug 1990.
battle. • USA dropped an atom bomb on Hiroshima on 6th August
• Third battle of Panipat was fought b/w Ahmad Shah Abdali 1945.
and Marahttas in 1760. Ahmed Shah defeated the latter. • First World War begun on 1914 A.D. and Second World
• West Bank was occupied in 1967. War started in 1939 when Germany attacked on Poland, it is
• Japan attacked Pearl Harbour located in Hawaii on 7 Dec: also considered as greatest war.
1941. • Germans call a WW1 sea fight Battle of Skagerrak what in
• Israel occupied Golan Heights from Syria. UK: Battle of Jutland
• West Bank is located b/w Isreal & Jordan. • Operation Thunderbolt was the nickname given to which
• West Bank was occupied in 1967. raid Israeli raid on Entebbe
• Iran & UAE dispute over Persian Gulf islands, Greater & • In WW2 the Germans launched operation Bernhard – what
lesser Tunbs. Counterfeit British Notes
• Sakhalin Island is dispute b/w Russia & Japan. • In WW2 what was the German codename for invasion of
• Iran & UAE dispute over Persian Gulf islands, Greater & Russia- Barberossa
lesser Tunbs. • Operation Dracula in WWII freed what city- Rangoon
• Sakhalin island is dispute b/w Russia & Japan. Burma
• In Battle of Sabroan, English defeated Sikhs and captured • Which 19th century battle UK / USA fought after peace
Lahore. signed- Battle of New Orleans
• Waterloo is now in… Belgium • Emerge of VIBGYOR from one side of the prism is due to
• The Duke of Wellington defeated Napoleon at the Battle of refraction and dispersion of light.
Waterloo in 1815. • 510 million square kilometers is the total surface area of the
• What famous battle was fought at Pancenoit-Waterloo – ear
(four miles away) • Linseed oil is used while oil painting.
• The third battle of Panipat was fought between Marathas • During the winter months 90% of fallen leaves are taken
and Afghans. underground by earth worm
• In Battle of Sabroan, English defeated Sikhs and captured • Cox orange pippen is a biological name of an apple
Lahore. • Breitling orbiter 3 was the first balloon to fly non-stop
• Iraq occupied Kuwait in August 1990. around the world
• Afghan Mujahideen took power in Kabul on April 20,1991 • Aircraft designers test their model of aircraft in wind tonnel
• North Korea invaded South Korea in 1950. • Aircrafts are made of alluminium alloys
• Japan attacked Pearl Harbour located in Hawaii on 7 Dec: • Flaps are used as air brakes
1941. • Darwin visited Galapagos Island before giving his theory of
• Nickname of Atomic Bomb dropped on Hiroshima in 1945 Natural Selection.
was Little Boy and on Nagasaki=Fat Man. • Staple food is the basic food
• Darfur conflict is in Sudan. • The crops like legumes and beens and clover form their
HIGHEST MILITARY AWARDS own fertilizer. Farmers grow these crops and plough into soil
• Highest military award of Britain is Victoria Cross. as fertilizers. This process is called green manuring.
• Highest military award of Germany is Iron Cross. • Scientists have recently discovered a new taste called
• Highest military award of India is Pardam Vir Chakra. Umami.
• Highest military award of Japan is Order of the Rising Sun. • Braille system is named after its inventor the Frenchman
• Highest military award of Pakistan is Nishan-i-Haider. Louis Brille.
• Highest military award of Russia is Order of the Patriotic • Isochrones are the lines joining the places of equal labour
War. and transportation costs.
• Highest military award of USA is Victory Medal. FIRST, LARGEST, BIGEST, LONGEST, OLDEST
• What countries highest award is The Order of the Elephant- • What is Europe’s largest port-Rotterdam
Denmark • What was first used at the 1904 St Louis Olympic games-
• Order of Honor and Banner is the award of— USSR Gold medals silver was first before
GENERAL INFORMATION • Where is the worlds oldest university- Fez Morocco –
• Water vapors are formed due to evaporation founded 859
• Gas in gobar (cow dung) is ethylene. (chk biogas is natural • What is the largest Island in The Greater Antilles- Cuba
gas) • What is the worlds most polluted major city- Mexico City
• GMT was established in 1884 • What is the worlds fastest moving insect-Tropical
• Radio broad casting started in 1920 Cockroach
• Calorie requirement sedentary is 2500 k.cal, light word is • Where is the largest church in the world-Vatican in Rome
3000 k.cal, moderate work is 3500 k.cal and heavy work is • What was the first country to use postcards- Austria
4000 k.cal • Where is the worlds largest Chinese settlement outside Asia
• Water is 830 times heavier than air San Francisco – Chinatown
• Driving mirror is usually convex • Which country has no national monetary unit of it’s own
• Dossier means relevant papers Andorra
• In deserts clouds do not precipitate due to low humidity • Which country has the highest % of women in their
• Rain drop is shaped like a peer legislature Cuba
• Money is made of cotton • Which country has the most daily newspapers- India
• 1 liter = 0.9 kg • Which city was built in the design of a union flag Khartoum
• Drinker’s apparatus is for measuring the amount of Alcohol • What was the first country to use TV as a mass info media
in the blood. Germany
• Atomic pile is a place where nuclear fission is made. • In which country is the worlds longest road tunnel
• Dewar’s flask is called as thermos. Switzerland
• Atomic weight of chemical compounds is determined by • Which country has no public toilets- Peru
Mass spectroscopy. • Bill gates (USA), founder and chairman of Microsoft
• Tube light emits radiation even after it is disconnected. It is Corporation, is currently the richest person in the world and
due to Fluorescence Lillian Bettencourt (France) is the richest woman in the
• The conversion of gases into liquid under high pressure and world.
low temperature is called regulation. • Nauru, an island located in western Pacific Ocean, is the
• If a green leaf is seen in a red light its color will be black. smallest republic of the world.
• Mount Everest (2759 N 8656 E) is the highest mountain smallest Muslim country in land area of 115 sq. miles.
peak which is located on Nepal Tibet border in the • Indonesia is the most populous Muslim country and
Himalayas. Maldives is less populous Muslim country.
• New Cornelia tailings on ten mile wash Arizona USA with • Antarctica is the uninhabited continent of the world which
a volume of 209500 million cubic meters is the world’s is without any regular population.
largest volume dam. • Seoul (South Korea) is the most populous city of the world.
• Taipei-I built in Taiwan is world’s second tallest building.. • The lake Baikal of Russia has the maximum depth of 5315
• The Atacama Desert in Chile is the driest place of the world feet.
and Masynram in Assam (India) is the wettest place in the • Turkey is the country having its land in two continents
world. • The world’s longest current reigning monarch is Queen of
• Canada has the longest coastline which is 151,489 miles in England.
the length and Monaco’s coastline measures only 3.5 miles in • Germany is the highest solar energy user in the world.
length. • Inflation means that money falls in value.
• Dalol Danaki depression in Ethiopia with an average annual • The Cambodian Language is the language with most
temperature of 35c (95f) is the hottest place on earth and Alphabets. It has a total number of 74 alphabets
Plateau station, in Antarctica with an average annual • The Ostrich of North Africa is the biggest bird. Its height is
temperature of -56.7c (-71.7f), is the coldest place of the up to 2.7 meters ( 9 feet ) and weight is up to 160 kgs. While
globe. the humming bird is smallest bird. It is 5.5-20 cm in length
• Grand central terminal of New York is the largest railway and weight about 16 grams.
station. It covers an area of 48 acres. • Glaciers are found on every continent except Africa. The
• The Seikan railway tunnel in Japan is the longest railway Lambert Glacier enjoys the distinction of being the largest
tunnel in the world, it s length is 33.50 miles (53.9 km) glacier in the world. It is located in the Australia Antarctic
• Longest road tunnel is St. Goatherd Rd. located in Territory. Its length is 440 miles (700 km) and was
Switzerland 16.3 km long. discovered in 1956-57.
• The yellow stone national park (USA) is the largest national • The largest museum in the world is the American Museum
park. It has an area of 3350 sq miles. of Natural History
• The California University (USA) is the biggest university of • The lowest mountain range in the world is the Bhieuna
the world. Bhaile
• King khalid international airport, Riyadh (Saudi Arabia) is • The country known as the Land of Cakes is Scotland
the largest airport in the world. • The place known as the Garden of England is Kent
• The port of New York and New Jersey (USA) is the largest • The old name of Taiwan was Formosa
seaport in the world. • The largest bay in the world is Hudson Bay, Canada
• Mandarin (Chinese) is the most spoken language of the • The largest church in the world is Basilica of
world. It is estimated that a total number of 999 million ppl St.Peter,Vatican City,Rome
speak it. • The tallest statue in the world is the Motherland,Volgagrad
• The noble prize is the largest prize. Each prize carries an Russia
amount of one million dollars. • The world’s loneliest island is the Tristan da cunda
• Shah faisal mosque located in Islamabad (pak) is the largest • The country whose National Anthem has only music but no
mosque. words is Bahrain
• Ostrich is the largest bird in the world. • The largest cinema in the world is the Fox
• Saudi Arabia is the largest exporter of oil in the world. theatre,Detroit,USA
• The longest river in Asia is Yangtze • The country where there are no Cinema theatres is Saudi
• The world’s largest internet search engine is Google. arabia
• After United states, the largest number of inventions in the • The world’s tallest office building is the Sears
last two decades belongs to Germany Tower,Chicago
• China has the largest population, Russia has largest land • The country where military service is compulsory for
area and Vatican city has smallest population and land area in women is Israel
the world • The country which has more than 10,000 golf courses is
• Lord Clive was the first and Lord Mountbatten was the last USA
British ruler of India. • The country which built the first powerful long range
• Largest continent of the world is “Asia” and smallest is rockets is Germany
“Australia”. Largest ocean of the world is “pacific ocean” • The largest temple in the world is Angkorwat in
and smallest ocean is “Indian ocean”. The Sahara is the Kampuchea
largest desert of the world. • The largest dome in the world is Louisiana Superdome,New
• Kazakhstan is the largest Muslim country in land area in the Orleans,USA
world. It has an area of 1,049,000 sq.miles. Maldives is the • The largest strait in the world is Tartar Strait
• The largest city of Africa is Cairo • Country with largest coast line is Canada.
• The founder of KODAK Company was Eastman • Country with largest budget is USA.
• The Cape of Good Hope is located in South Africa • The highest birth rate is of Malawi.
• The last letter of the Greek alphabet is Omega • Peru with lowest birth rate.
• The place known as the land of Lincoln is Illinois • Country with most billionaires is USA.
• The Pentagonian desert is located in Argentina • Walt Disney is the man with highest number of Oscars.
• The person known as the father of aeronautics is Sir George • The world’s longest platform is known as the Loop, which
Cayley is located in USA.
• The most densely populated Island in the world is Honshu • Monaco has the shortest coast line.
• The two nations Haiti and the Dominion Republic together • The biggest Square the Tiananmen Square is in China.
form the Island of Hisponiola • Largest Tomb the mount li tomb is in China.
• The largest auto producer in the USA is General Motors • The longest cricket match between England and South
• The first actor to win an Oscar was Emil Jannings Africa in 1939 abandoned after 10 days.
• The first animated colour cartoon of full feature length was • Largest number of school is in China.
Snow White and Seven Dwarfs • Largest fort, Fort George situated in UK.
• The first demonstration of a motion picture was held at • The largest church of the world is in Rome (Italy).
Paris • Largest exhibition centre is in Germany.
• The first country to issue stamps was Britain • Lake Victoria is the largest lake of Africa.
• The world’s largest car manufacturing company is General • The film Ben Hur won the most (11) Oscur Awards in
Motors,USA 1959.
• The world’s biggest manufacturer of bicycles is Hero • World’s largest mosque is shah faisal mosque.
cycles,Ludhiana • Largest capital is Ottawa.
• The world’s oldest underground railway is at London • Tibetan Plateau has highest elevation.
• The last French Monarch was Louis Napoleon III • Smallest continent is Australia.
• The first man to reach Antarctica was Fabian Gotileb • Least populated Muslim country is Maldives.
• Oldest surviving building in world is pyramids of Egypt. • City with largest elevation is Lhasa.
• K-2 is also known as Godwin Austin, first climbed by • Largest Bay is Bay of Bengal.
Ardito Desio 1956. • Largest delta is in Bengal created by the river Bharamputra
• Mount Everest is the highest mountain located in Himalaya and the Ganges.
(Nepal). • Largest gulf is the Gulf of Mexico.
• Tensing and Hillary were the first human beings to set foot • Largest water reservoir is Own falls (Uganda).
on the top of Mt. Everest. Tensing belonged to India and • Largest dam by volume is Kiev dam (Ukrain).
Hillary is a native of New Zealand. • Biggest dam is Pati dam (Argentina).
• K2 is the second highest peak located in Korokoram • Hottest place is Aziziyah, Libya.
(Pakistan). • Coldest place is Plateau station (Antartica).
• Mount Everest was named after Sir George Everest. • Driest place is Atacama Desert in Chile.
• Mozambique has the lowest GNP. • Biggest national park is yellow stone national park.
• The biggest airport in the world is King Khalid situated in • Biggest university is California university (USA).
Saudi Arabia. • Largest battle ship is USS Missouri.
• Nauru is the smallest republic of the world. • Largest sea port is port of Net York and New Jersey (USA).
• Capital with highest elevation La Paz. • Most spoken language is Mandarin Chinese.
• Largest Dam, Grand Coulee Dam is in USA. • Largest mosque is Shah Faisal Mosque at Islamabad.
• World’s biggest museum is British Museum. • Largest church is Chatholic Basilica (Vetican Rome).
• Volta Lake (Ghana) is the largest artificial lake of the • Largest university is university of New York USA.
world. • Oldest civilization is Sumerian civilization (Mesopotamia).
• Largest zoo is in South Africa. • Oldest town is Jericho (Jordan).
• Largest Hydroelectric power station is in Brazil. • Largest land mammal is African Elephant.
• Largest palace is in Brunei. • Longest strait is the Strait of Malacca.
• Longest railway tunnel is Seikan Railway Tunnel, in Japan. • Tallest animal is Giraffe.
• The largest railway tunnel in the world is the Oshimzu • Largest bird is ostrich.
Tunnel, Japan (chk) • Smallest bird is humming bird.
• Longest underground railway Tunnel is in Moscow. • Largest bank of the world is Dutch Bank of Germany.
• Grand Central Terminal of New York is the largest railway • The country with most refugees is Iran.
station of the world. • Country with most islands is Indonesia.
• Biggest Library is Congress Library in USA. • First Muslim dynasty in India is slave dynasty.
• Largest Stadium is in Czech Republic. • Highest birth rate is of Malawi (Africa).
• Lowest birth rate is of Peru. • The largest producer of gold is South Africa.
• Highest death rate is of Peru. • The largest producer of oil is Saudi Arabia.
• Lowest death rate is of Kuwait. • The largest producer of coffee
• A richest woman is Queen Elizabeth. • The largest producer of tin is Malaysia.
• The largest of oil consumer is USA. • The world’s leading banking center is Zurich.
• The largest oil field is Ghawar Oil field (Saudi Arabia). • Most Spoken Language is Chinese.
• Tallest tower is CN Tower Toronto (Canada). • World’s largest fish catching country is China.
• Busiest airport is O’Hare International Airport (USA). • Muhammad Fathullah Khan Kandahari’s translation:
• Oldest capital city is Damascus (Syria). Printed in 1861, Bhopal, India, It is the first known
• Largest constellation is Hydra. translation of the holy Qur’an in Pashto
• Fastest bird is Pregrine Falcon. • The first translation of the Quran into a Western language
• Largest metropolitan is Mexico City. was made into Latin. It was carried out by Robertus
• Biggest park is the wood Buffalo national park. Rotenesis and Hermannus Dalmata in 1143
• Densest population is of Bangladesh. • South China Sea is the largest sea.
• Longest canal is Volga Batlic canal. • What country is the world leader in Cobalt Mining-Zaire
• Longest day 21 June and shortest day December 21. • What animal has the best hearing-Bats
• Largest diamond is Cullinan. • What country had the first banknotes-Sweden China paper
• Longest big ship canal is Suez Canal. not banknotes
• The smallest ocean is Arctic Ocean. • Where was the worlds first supermarket built (country)-
• Reticulated python is the longest snake in the world. France
• Urengoi (Russia) is the largest natural gas reserved. • Which country grows the most sugar-Brazil
• The Bamboo has the fastest growth rate. It grows up to 3 • Name the largest Mediterranean island-Sicily
feet in 24 hours. • Who was the first British monarch to visit America George
• Trans-Siberian railway line is the longest in the world. VI in 1939
• Roxy is the biggest cinema house of the e world. It is • What country consumes the most meat per capita 124 lb-
located in New Your (United State). Argentina
• The largest telescope of the world called Keck-I, is located • What is the worlds largest food company- Nestle
in Hawaii (USA). • Which of the following is the world’s largest city in area?
• Jean Bernard is the deepest cave in France. Mount Isa (Australia) /New York (chk)
• The fastest flying bird in the world is Falcon. • Which of the following countries has the largest area of
• Largest peninsula is Arabian Peninsula. forest? Russia
• Mariana Trench is the deepest part of Pacific. • Where is the world’s tallest Pagoda located? China
• The longest railway station is located in Japan. • Which of the following is the largest Gulf in the world?
• Polus Nedostupnostir is the coldest place on earth. Gulf of Mexico
• Tallest Light house “Steel Marine Tower” is in Japan. • In 1901 who first transmitted radio signals across Atlantic:
• The biggest delta in the world is the Sunderbans Marconi
• The city which is the biggest centre for manufacture of • Which country has the smallest birth rate: Vatican City
automobiles in the world is Detroit,USA • Which country was the first to introduce old age pensions:
• The river which carries maximum quantity of water into the Germany
sea is the Mississippi • Who piloted the first flight across the English channel:
• Volentina Treshkova (USSR) was the first woman astronaut Louis Bleriot
who orbited the earth in the year 1983. • What was the first James Bond film: Dr No
• The American astronaut Neil Armstrong was the first man • Which country set up the world’s first chemistry lab in
to steps on the surface of moon on 21 July 1969. 1650: Netherlands
• Largest producer of silver is Mexico. • Which country was the first to abolish capitol punishment
• The largest producer of carpet is Iran. 1826-Russia Czar Nicholas -Siberia instead
• The largest producer of cheese is USA. • What country is nearest to the North Pole: Greenland
• The largest producer of cotton is USA. • Who were the first people to measure the year-Babylonians
• The largest producer of Jute is Bangladesh. • Who was Canada’s first prime minister-Sir John
• The largest producer of Rice is China. MacDonald
• The largest producer of Silk is China. • What is the worlds oldest monotheistic religion: Judaism
• The largest producer of Steel is USA. • In what city is the worlds largest carpet manufacturer-
• The largest producer of Sugar is India. Kashmir
• The largest producer of Tea is India. • What is the worlds largest herb-Banana
• The largest producer of Wheat is USA. • What country produces the most tobacco in the world-
• The largest producer of Wool is Australia. China
• What country has the most elephants-Tanzania • First test tube baby Louise Brown (England) was born in
• Who was the first woman to receive The Order of Merit 1978.
1907-Florence Nightingale • Oldest athlete to win Olympic title in 1920 belongs to USA.
• What country has the most Post Offices -India • Youngest Olympic champion, Barbara pearl Jones belonged
• Where was the first Miss World contest held in 1951- to USA.
London • USA is the largest nuclear electric power producing country
• What country has the worlds largest merchant navy-Liberia in the world. It produces 98,784 MW electricity which is
• What country consumes the most tea per capita-Ireland about 30% of the total nuclear electricity generated in the
• What country has the worlds oldest National Anthem- world.
Netherlands • Kilauea situated in Hawaii (US) is the most active volcano
• What city has the worlds biggest taxi fleet-Mexico – over of the world
60000 • Robert E. Perry (1856-1920) an American explorer reached
• What animal is mentioned most in the Bible-Sheep North Pole on 6th April, 1909 for the first time in human
• What is officially the poorest US state-Mississippi history.
• DELAG was the worlds first what Oct 16 1909- Airline – • In what country was the worlds first wildlife sanctuary set
by Zeppelin up-Sri Lanka 3rd cent BC
• Where was the first police force established in 1667-Paris • Longest land frontier is of China.
• What is the world tallest horse Shire Horse • Highest % of land under cultivation is in India.
• What bird lays the largest clutch of eggs The Grey Partridge • World’s oldest university al-Azhar is in Egypt.
– up to 16 • Smallest continent is Australia.
• The King Cobra is the only snake that does what-Builds a • Yum located in Arizona (USA) is the sunniest place of the
Nest world. It gets sunshine in 91 % possible hours
• Worlds oldest existing treaty of 1373 between England and • The longest continuous war was the thirty year war between
who Portugal various European countries from 1618 to 1648. While the
• What is considered to be the worlds fastest team game Ice shortest continuous war was between UK and Zanzibar,
Hockey which lasted from 90 am to 9:45 am on 27th august 1896.
• What is the worlds largest airline- Aeroflot • China had the maximum number (861878) of primary
• Which city had the world first public bus service- Paris schools. India was at the top with 241,129 secondary schools
• Pacific Ocean is the largest ocean. in 1994.
• The longest highway in the world is the Trans-Canada • USA is the country with 109 nuclear reactors , followed by
• The largest bell in the world is the Tsar Kolkol at france 56, japan 51
Kremlin,Moscow • Which country grows the most fruit: China
• The biggest stadium in the world is the Strahov • Vicolo della virilita of Italy is the world’s narrowest street.
Stadium,Prague • Canal Street is the widest street in USA.
• The country which has the greatest population density is • Fastest animal is cheetah.
Monaco • Slowest animal is Snail 2 to 3 feet per minute.
• The first President of Egypt was Mohammed Nequib • Biggest bell is Great bell at Moscow.
• The first man to reach North Pole was Rear Peary • Fastest bird is Indian swift.
• The first Prime minister of Bangladesh was Mujibur • Largest bird is Ostrich.
Rehman • Smallest bird is Helena’s humming bird.
• The primary producer of newsprint in the world is Canada • Bird that never makes its nest is Cuckoo.
• The first explorer to reach the South Pole was Cap.Ronald • Wingless bird is Kiwi.
Amundson • Longest canal is the Volga-Baltic.
• The airplane was used in war for the first time by • Highest capital is La Paz (Bolivia).
Italians(14 Oct.1911) • Deepest cave is Reseau Jean Bernard (France).
• United State has most TV stations in the world. • Biggest cinema house is Roxy (New York).
• China has most land frontiers with neighboring countries. • Largest Church is Episcopalian Diocese (New York).
• Tokyo is the largest metropolitan city. • Biggest city (by population) is Tokyo.
• The first man to circumnavigate the world was Magellan. • City largest by area is Kiruna (Sweden).
• The world’s poorest country with a lowest per capita • Largest continent is Asia.
income is Rwanda. • Smallest continent is Australia.
• Saudi Arabia is no.1 oil producing country in the world • Largest coral formation is The Great Barrier Reef
• Hingol is the largest river in the world. (Australia).
• After USA, France is the biggest arms seller in the world. • Longest corridor is Rameshwaram temple corridor.
• The maximum presentation in the European parliament is • Highest country is China (Tibet region).
held by Germany. • Largest country by population is China.
• Largest country by area is Russia. • Largest river basin is Amazon River.
• Smallest country by area is Vatican City State. • Longest river dam is Hirakud Dam India.
• Highest dam is Rogunsky. • Largest river in volume is Amazon (Brazil).
• Largest concrete dam is The Grand Coulee, USA. • Longest river is Nile (Egypt).
• Longest Day in Northern Hemisphere is 21st June. • Largest sea bird is Albatross.
• Shortest Day in Northern Hemisphere is 22nd Dec: • Largest space centre is Cape Kennedy (USA).
• Largest Delta is Sundarbands (Bangladesh). • Largest stadium is Straho Stadium Prague.
• Hottest desert is Libyan Sahara. • Tallest statue is Statue of Liberty (NY).
• Largest desert is Sahara (Africa) 33, 20,000 sq. miles. • Largest suspension bridge is Verazano-Narrows, NY.
• Highest desert is Atacama (Chile). • Longest swimming course is English Channel, UK.
• Largest diamond is Cullinan. • Broadest strait is Mozambique.
• Largest diamond mine is Kimberley (South Africa). • Longest strait is Malacca.
• Largest dome is of Astrodome, Houston (USA). • Biggest Telescope is Astro Physical Observatory.
• Biggest flower is Rafflesia (Java, Indonesia). • Largest temple is Angkor Vat (Cambodia).
• Lightest gas is hydrogen. • Longest non-stop train is Flying Scotman.
• Longest glacier is Lambert (Antarctica). • Highest town is Wenchuan, Tibet (China).
• Largest gulf is Gulf of Mexico. • Tallest tower is CNN Tower, Toronto, USA.
• Largest gorge is Grand Canyon. • Longest road tunnel is Seikan (Japan).
• Hottest place is Dalol (Ethiopia). • Highest volcano is Cotapaxi (Ecuador).
• Largest Island is Greenland. • Largest volcano is Mauna Loa (Hawaii)
• Largest underground lake is Drachenhauchloch cave • Philippines has the greatest number of volcanoes in the
(Arizona). world.
• Largest man-made lake is Lake Mead Arizona. • Longest wall is Great Wall of China 1550 miles long.
• Biggest library is Congress Library (USA). • Highest waterfall is Angel (Venezuela)
• Longest lifespan of animal is of Giant tortoise. • Lowest body of water is Dead Sea.
• Largest mammal is Blue whale. • Biggest zoo is Etosha National Park, Namibia.
• Highest melting point is of Tungsten, 3410° C. • In 2650 the first Pyramid was built in Egypt.
• Tallest Minaret is Qutub Minar (Delhi) 238 feet. • In 776 First Olympic Games were played in Greece.
• Largest mosque is Shah Faisal Mosque, Islamabad. • Alexander invaded India in battle of Hydaspes.
• Highest mountain peak is Mt. Everest (Himalaya). • Emperor Theodesius banned the Olympic Games.
• Tallest mountain range is The Himalaya range with 96 of • Sun and Moon pyramids are in Mexico.
world’s 109 tallest peaks. • Rock temple was built at Jerusalem.
• Longest mountain range is Andes (South America). • The largest tea producing country is India.
• Biggest museum is British Museum (London). • USA has the largest production of aluminium.
• Largest Commercial Ocean is Atlantic Ocean. • Rainfall related to mountains is Orographic rainfall.
• Youngest ocean is Atlantic Ocean. • Lakes give the source of terrestrial moisture.
• Mediterrian sea means ‘sea in the middle of land’. • Bangladesh has a dispute over the construction of a dam on
• Saltiest ocean is Mediterranean Ocean. Naaf River with Myanmar.
• Ocean shrinking and growing is Atlantic Ocean. • A large coral reef containing islands encompassing a sea
• Fastest ocean swimmer is Sailfish (68 mph). water lagoon is named Atoll.
• Biggest palace is Vatican. • The largest basins in the face of the earth are oceans. Basin
• Biggest park is the Wood Buffalo National Park, Alberta, is a low land area.
Canada. • Sri Lanka is not a landlocked country.
• Biggest passenger train is Queen Elizabeth (UK). • The thinnest earth layer is Crust.
• Largest peninsula is Saudi Arabia. • The name of the second highest African peak is Mount
• Coldest place is Verkhoyansk (Russia). Kenya.
• Driest place is Death Valley (California). • Name of the second largest river of Africa is The Congo.
• Hottest place is Azizia Libya Africa. • Sundarbans Forests are world’s largest mangrove forests.
• Longest railway platform is Khargpur, India • Khunjra Pass connects Pakistan with China.
• Highest plateau is Pamir, Tibet. • Water source beneath the earth flowing naturally is called
• Longest poisonous snake is King Cobra. spring.
• Largest port is Rotterdam (Netherlands). • Canada leads in the world in production of asbestos.
• Largest railway station is Grand Central Terminal. • Bachendri Pal is the first Indian woman to scale Mount
• Longest railway line is Trans-Siberian Railway. Everst.
• Rainiest spot is Cherrapunji. • Borge Ousland is a Norwegian explorer. He became the
• Largest man-made reservoir is Angara River Russia. first person to walk across the Antarctic continent alone and
unsupported. was Borge Ousland.
• Brazil is the largest producer of coffee in the world. • Aqualine is the world’s longest under-sea tunnel (15.1 km
• Chile is the largest copper producing country in the world. long) bridge and tunnel express-way for motor vehicles
• The country where death rate is lowest in the world is across Tokyo Bay.
Japan. • Arabia is the larges peninsula.
• Largest Ginger producing nation is Indonesia. • Only Hindu kingdom in World is Nepal.
• Lithuania was the first Soviet Republic of the former Soviet • Who was the first man to fly across the channel: Louis
Union which declared itself independent. Bleriot
• Madagaskar is the largest island in the Indian Ocean. • What is the largest state in the USA: Alaska
• Ferdinand Magellan commanded the first expedition in • Which of the following countries of South-West Asia leads
15190 to sail round the world and discovered passage to the in the production of oil? Saudi Arabia
Pacific from the Atlantic. He proved that the shape of the • Which country grows the most potatoes: Russia
earth is round. • What language has the most words: English
• India leads in export of Mica in the world. • What is the smallest state of Australia-Tasmania
• Longest Optical Fibre is between Singapore and Marseilles. • Paris and What other capital had the worlds first telephone
• Dr. Ian Wilmut is credited with first cloned sheep. link-Brussels
• New Zealand was the first country to propose Carbon Tax • What is the largest country in Africa -Sudan
to address global warming. • What was the worlds first passenger jet aircraft-Comet
• Suez Canal is the largest ship canal in the world. It joins • In what city was the worlds first blood bank opened 1940-
Red Sea with Mediterranean Sea. The plan of the Suez Canal New York – Richard Charles Drew
was conceived by Ferdinand de Lesseps. • What county first used pepper-China
• Largest sugar producing country is India second is Brazil. • What is the oldest known science- Astronomy
• Cuba is the highest producer of sugarcane in the world. • What is the last element – Alphabetically-Zirconium
• In November 2005, Africa’s first woman head of state was • What is the worlds most popular first name-Mohammed
elected in Mozambique. Her name is Luisa Diogo of • What is the fastest swimming ocean fish over 60 mph-
FELIMO party. Sailfish – Marlin
• Amazon is the largest river of the world. • People`s republic of china has the largest army of the world.
• The North Atlantic Route is the largest and busiest of the • The largest tides of the world occur in Bay of fundy
ocean trade routes. (canada).
• Most Subways in the country.. USA • Sudan is the largest country in Africa.
• What city has the longest metro system: London • Mumbai is the most populous city.
• USA has most roads what country has second most: India • Khan Mehtarzai is the highest railway station in Asia.
• China started Civil Service Examination first of all in 6 • Maximum quantities of diamonds are found in Africa.
A.D. • The highest rainfall for one month was recorded at Indian
• Which of the following is the largest sugar producing town of Cherapoonje. 366,14 inches rain fell there during the
country in the world? Brazil month of july 1861.
• World’s oldest regligionis Hinduism. • Light is the fastest thing in the universe.It travels at a
• World’s largest religion is Christianity. phenomenal speed of 187,000 miles per second.
• World’s second most populous city is Mexico city. • The largest tides of the world occur in Bay of Fundy
• First to sail around the world was Ferdinand Magallan (canada).
• Largest number of Palestinian refuges are in Jordan. • Takla Makan is in China is the driest desert in Asia.
• Kazakistan is the largest country in Central Asia. • Largest earthquake fatalities occurred in Izmir, Turkey in
• Largest landlocked country in world is Mangolia. 1999.
• Biggest oil refinery is at Abadan (Iran). • Breitling orbiter 3 was the first balloon to fly non-stop
• Detroit (USA) is famous for car manufacturing. around the world.
• Glasgow is biggest ship building centre. • King of Malaysia is the only king in the world who is
• Havana is famous for cigar manufacturing. elected for 5 years term.
• Europe’s only Islamic state is Albania. • Largest oil company belong to USA is The Ecxon
• Newzealand is close to Int: Date Line. Corporation.
• In which city there is the largest stock exchange of the • The busiest shopping centre of London is Oxford Street
world? New York. • The panch Pokhri Lake situated in the Himalaya Mountains
• Oldest Search Engine is … Yahoo is the highest lake in the world.
• Bird largest in size… Ostrich • Sierra Leone has the lowest GDP per capita of 510 US
• Oldest parliament in the world— Althing (Iceland) dollars and Luxembourg has the highest GDP per capita of
• The last King of Afghanistan… Zahir Shah 36,400 US dollars.
• First person to walk across the Antarctic continent alone • People`s republic of china has the largest army of the world.
• The Royal Majesty ship Queen Elizabeth (UK) is the largest DISCOVERIES AND INVENTIONS
passenger ship in the world. It is 314 metres long and 36 • Galileo was first to discover rotation of earth
metres wide. • Kohler and Milstein discovered monoclonal antibodies.
• The Cambodian language is a language which has a total • Photography was invented by Mathew Barry
number of 74 alphabets. • Albert Sabin invented Polio vaccine (oral)
• The Sumerian civilization is considered to be the oldest • Dmitry Ivanovich Mendeleyev (Russian) published his first
civilization of the world. version of periodic table in 1869.
• Jericho, situated in the Jorden valley is the oldest town of • X-ray machine was invented by James Clark
the world. • Arthur Campton discovered x-rays and Cosmic rays.
• The maximum ever temperature of 136.4 F was recorded on • Chadwick discovered Neutron
september 13,1922 in the city Azizia (Libya) and The • Telescope was invented by Galileo
minimum temperature of -129.6 F was recorded in the town • Penicillin was discovered by Alexander Fleming
of Vostok near Antarctica on 24th august , 1960. • Noble gases discovered by Cavendish
• Worldwide most capitol cities begin with which letter- B • Gun powder was first invented in China
• Who built the worlds first film studio- Thomas Alva Edison • Velocity of light was measured by Michelson
• Where is the worlds largest mine-Carletonville South Africa • Archimedes gave laws about Floatation of Bodies
• What is the biggest tourist attraction in Zambia-Victoria • Balloon fly up in air according to Archimedes’s principle
falls • Dr. Christian Bernard was first to perform heart transplant
• What country consumes the most coffee per capita 25 Lb- in 1967 in cape town(SA)
Finland • First man to receive artificial heart was Dr. Barney B. Clark
• Oil is the most traded product in the world what is the • Barometer was invented by Pascal
second-Coffee • Robert Hook discovered Cell in 1665
• Which country makes the most films per year- India • Aspirin discovered by Dresser
• What’s the worlds longest rail journey made no train • Atomic theory given by Dalton
change Moscow Peking • Atomic number given by Mosley
• What was the first sport to be filmed -Boxing by Thomas • Bacteria by Leeunhock
Edison 1894 • Blood circulation by William Harvey
• Name the first film to have its sequel released in the same • Calculus by Newton
year-King Kong – Son of Kong • Co2 by Fishcer
• What cities underground has the most stations-New York • Chlorine by K. Scheele
• first man to set foot on all five continents- Captain Cook • Oxygen by Priestley
• Who was the pilot in the first fatal air crash-Orville Wright • Hydrogen by Cavandish
• Where was the worlds first oil well drilled-Pennsylvania • Super conductor by Bendnorz and Muller in 1987 and were
• What country drink the most milk per capita-Iceland awarded Nobel Prize
• What country consumes the most fish per capita-Japan • Cotton gin was invented by Eli Whitney.
• What was the first country to recognise the US as • Chloroform by Guthrie
independent-Morocco • Deuterium by Harlod
• On what are the worlds smallest paintings painted- Pin • Dynamite by Alfred B. Nobel
Heads • DNA by Watson Crick
• Who was the first person to wear a wristwatch- Queen • Gene by Johanson
Elizabeth 1st • Chromosomes by Waldyar
FATHER’S OF DIFFERENT FIELDS • Electric resistance by Ohm
• Father of modern chemistry is Jabir bin Hayyan • Electrolysis by Faraday
• Father of botany is Theofrastus • Electron by J.J. Thomson in 1897
• Father of biology is Aristotle • Neutron by Chadwick
• James Hutton is called the father of modern geology. • Proton by Rutherford
• Thefrastus is called as father of botany. • Positron by Anderson
• Father of Homeopathy is Heinemann. • Ozone by Echonbein
• Founder of physical chemistry Arrhenius. • Planetary motion by Kepler
• Copernicus is known as the Father of Astronomy. • Radioactivity by Bacquerel
• Greek writer Herodotus is called father of History. • Radium by Currie
• Who is known as The father of English poetry – 1340 – • Insulin by Banting & Best
1400 Geoffrey Chaucer • Human heart transplant by Bernard
• ‘Aristophanes’ is called father of comedy. • Vaccine (measles) by Peebles
• Charles babbage is called ” Father of computer “ • Vaccine (polio) by Salk
• Adam smith is called ” Father of economics “ • Vaccine (rabies) by Louis Pasteur
• Vaccine (small pox) by Edward Jenner • Motion pictures (camera) by Edison
• Cause of Malaria was discovered by Ronald Ross • Motor cycle by Daimler
• Adding machine invented by Pascal • Motor scooter by Bradsha
• Atom Bomb by Otto Hahn • Parachute by Garnerin
• Air Brake by George Washington • Pen (fountain) by Waterman
• Air Conditioning by H. Carier • Pen (ball-point) John Loud Biro
• Airplane (with motor) by Wright Bothers • Photoelectric cell by Julius Elster
• Airplane (jet engine) by Ohain • Piano by Christopher
• Automobile (electric) by William Morrison • Printing press (screw type) by Guten Berg
• Automobile (differential gear) by Benz • Radar by Watson Watt
• Bakelite by Leo Hendricks Backland • Railway (electric) by Werner Siemens
• Balloon by Mont Golfer • Razor safety by Gillette
• Barometer by Torricelli • Razor (electric) by Jacob Schick
• Bicycle (modern) by Starley • Refrigerator by Ferdinand Carre
• Bifocal lens by Benjamin Franklin • Revolver by Samuel Solt
• Burner (gas) by Bunsen • Rifle by August Kotter
• Calculating machine (digital) by Charles Babbage • Rifle (automatic) by John Moses Browning
• Camera (photographic) by Josef N. Niepce • Rocket Engine by Goddard
• Carburetor by Daimler • Safety pin by Walter Hunt
• Cement by Joseph Aspidin • Sewing Machine by Elias Howe and Thomas Saint
• Circuit breaker by Hilliard • Stainless steel by Herry Brearley
• Computer (electronic) by J.P.Eckert and J.W.Mauckly • Stream boat by Abbans
• Diesel engine by Rudolf Diesel • Submarine by Holland
• Digital camera was invented by Eastman Kodak. • Tank military by Swinton
• Gas engine by Daimler • Telephone by Graham Bell
• Electric fan by wheeler • Radio by Marconi
• Electric flat iron by Henry Sealy • Telescope (reflecting) by Galileo
• Electric generator by Hippolyte Pixie • Telescope (refracting) by Newton
• Electric motor by Michael Faraday • Television (mechanical) by J.L. Baird
• Motor A.C by Tesla • Television (electric) by Fransworth
• Motor D.C by Devin Port • Thermometer by Galilo
• Electric shaver by W.S. Hadaway • Termomter (mercury) by Farhenheit
• Electric vaccum cleaner by James Spangler • Tractor by Robert Keeley
• Electromagnet by William Sturgeon • Transformer by William Stanley
• Electron Microscope by Vladimir Zwryin • Transistor by William Shockley
• Microscope (compound) by Janessen and Leeuhock • Type writer by Henry Mill
• Flying shuttle by Johan Kay • Washing machine (electric) by Alva Fisher
• Gun powder by Roger Bacon • Washing machine (manual) by Hamilton E. Smith
• Gas engine (four cycle) by Otto and Daimler • Welding (electric) by E. Thomson
• Helicopter by Sikorsky • Zipper (meshed tooth) by Gideon Sundback
• Interneral combustion engine by Daimler • Celcius devised Centrigrade scale
• Jet engine by Frank Whittle • Bacteria were discovered by Louis Pasture.
• Knitting Machine by William Lee • Ramsay discovered inert gas.
• Lamp (incadecent) by Thomas Edision • Proton was discovered by Goldstein
• Montgoflier invented balloon. • Who is credited with the development of polio vaccine?
• Talbot invented photographic paper. Jonas Salk
• Dickenson invented paper machine. • Christopher Cockerel invented what: Hovercraft
• Blanchard invented parachute. • The electric chair was invented by a dentist
• Colt’s invention is pistol. • Bardeen and Brattin discovered Semiconductor
• Howe was the inventor of sewing machine. • What was invented by James Dewer in 1872: Vacuum or
• Lamp (mercury) by Hewit thermos flask
• Laser (practical) by Gordon Gould • Atom Bomb (Uranium Fission) was invented by Otto Hahn
• Laser (operable) by T.H.Mainman in 1941.
• Machine gun by Gatling • Electron was discovered in 1897.
• Match (safety) by Pasch • Oxygen was discovered in 1774.
• Microphone by Graham Bell • Tomas A Edison was American.
• X-rays and Cosmic rays were discovered by Arthur • Cause of yellow fever was discovered by Reed in 1900.
Compton. • Discovery of Oxygen was made by J.Priestly in 1774.
• Printing press was invented by Johann Gutenberg. • Deuterium (Heavy Hydrogen) was discovered by H.C Urey
• Gramophone was invented by Emile Berliner. in 1932.
• Blood pressure was discovered by William Harvey. • Discovery of Electron was made by J.J Thomson in 1897.
• Magnifying glass was invented by Roger Bacon. • Dynamite was made my Alfred Noble, he belonged to
• Insulin was discovered by Banting. Sweden.
• Michael Faraday invented Electric Motor in belonged to • Fundamental laws of electrical attraction was made by
England. Coulomb.
• ECG invented by Einthogen. • Hydrogen was discovered by Cavendish in 1766.
• Columbus Day is observed on 2nd Monday in October. • Induction of electric current was discovered by Michaed
• In 1774 Oxygen was discovered by Priestly. Farraday in 1841.
• In 1589 William Lee invented knitting machine. • Incandescent bulb was made by Edison in 1860.
• More than 2000 years ago a Roman Ruler Julius Caesar • Intelligence tests were made by Binet in 1905.
invented the calendar that we use today. • Laughing gas (Nitrous oxide) was discovered by Priestly.:
• Lipstick was first introduced in 1915 in America. • Chromosomes were discovered by Hofmeister.
• Zippers were introduced in 1890. • Otto Hahm invented A.Bomb.
• China was discovered by Marco Polo. • Wright Brothers invented Aeroplane.
• Sea route from Europe to India was discovered by Vasco- • W. Shockley discovered transistor.
de-Gama. • Christian Barnard was pioneer in heart transplantation.
• Canada was discovered by Jacques Cartier. • William Harvey discovered Circulation of blood.
• Australia was discovered by William Jon zoon. • Ramsay discovered inert gas.
• Parachute was invented by L.S Lenormand in 1783. • Aristotle was the first to classify animals into groups.
• Box Camera was invented by G.Eastman in 1988. • Theophrastus is regarded as the father of botany.
• Electric Generator was invented by Hippolyte Pixil in the • Hydrogen was discovered by Henry Cavandish.
year 1832. He belonged to France. • Proton was discovered by Goldstein.
• In 1907 Electric Washing Machine was invented by an • Thomson discovered electron.
American named A.J 1916. • Commercial cork is obtained from Quercus.
• Motorcycle was invented by Gottlieb Daimler in 1885, he • Bacteria were discovered by Louis Pasture.
belonged to Germany. • In 1803, the English Scientist John Dalton described the
• First person to reach North Pole was Robert E.Peray. atom as the smallest unit of an element.
• Dynamo was invented by Faraday in the year of 1831. • In 1897 J.J Thomson discovered electron, negative charges.
• On 14th Dec 1911 South Pole was discovered by • In 1911 Ernest Rutherford, a New Zealander living in
Armunden. Britain, carried out experiment with atomic particles.
• America was discovered by Christopher Columbus in 1492, • Scientist use enormous machine called particle accelerator
he belonged to Italy. to discover and find out about subatomic particles.
• Sea route to India was discovered by Vasco da Gama in • Ernest Rutherford in 1908, with the equipment discovered
1498, he belonged to Protugese. the atomic nucleus.
• Sandwich Island (now called Hawaiian Island) was • Hans Geiger (1882-1945) invented the Geiger Counter used
discovered by Captain cook in 1770, he belonged to English. to measure radioactivity.
• Suez Canal was designed by French Engineer Ferdiand de • The scientist who designed the first internal combustion
Lesseps in 1869. engine used to burn low grade fuel.
• Solar System was discovered by Copernicus in 1540, he Francois Isaac de Rivaz
belonged to Poland. • The scientist who discovered water: Antoine Lavoisier
• Planery motion was discovered by Kepler in 1600, he (Chk)
belonged to Germany. • Nitric acid__ acid was discovered by Jabbar bin
• Artificial radioactivity was discovered by Madam Joliet and Hayyan.(HCL was also discovered by him)
Irene Curie in 1934. • What calculating aid was invented by William Oughtred in
• Atomic number were discovered by Mosley in 1913. 1662: Slide Rule
• Atomic theory was given by Dalton in 1803. • What was invented by James Dewer in 1872: Vacuum or
• Who invented wax paper- Thomas Edison thermos flask
• Atomic Structure was studied by Bohr and Rutherford in • Fredrick Sanger discovered which medical life saver:
1913. Insulin
• Circumference of the earth was calculated by Jean Picard. • Who invented Scissors-Leonardo Da Vinci
• Current Electricity was invented by Volta in 1800, he • In 1902 What did Mary Anderson invent-Windscreen
belonged to Italy. Wipers
• The technique to produce the first test tube baby was Einstein—Theory of relativity.
evolved by Patrick Stepote and Robert Edwards Euclid—Science of geometry.
• Sumiton invented Tank. Fahrenheit—Fahrenheit mercury thermometric scale in which
• The very first electric light was invented in Scotland in freezing point is –32° and boiling point is 212°.
1835 by James Lindsay. Faraday—Electromagnetic induction and laws of electrolysis.
• The molecular theory of matter was experimentally testified Fermi—Discovered artificial splitting of atoms.
by Robert Brown. Freud—Doctrine of Psycho-analysis.
• The theory of inheritance of acquired characters was Gay Lussac—Law of gases.
propounded by J.B. Lamarck Gauss—System of absolute electric measurements.
• What was invented by Dr Edward Land in 1947: Polaroid Good Year—Discovered the art of vulcanising rubber.
• Dr. James Watson discovered the structure of DNA in 1953. Herschel, William—Discovered the Planet—Uranus.
• Structure of DNA was given by Watson and Crick. Hertz—Electrical waves.
• Air conditioner invented by “willis H. carrier”U.S. in 1902. Hippalus—Founder of scientific astronomy.
• Camera (photographic) has been invented by “Joseph N. Hoffmann—Discovered the first aniline dye.
Niepce”France in 1822. Kelvin, Lord—Dynamical theory of heat.
• The scientist who designed the first internal combustion Khorana, Dr Hargobind—Deciphering the genetic code.
engine used to burn low grade fuel. Etienne Lenoir Kodak—Film and photographic goods.
Pioneers in Science Lablanc—Manufacture of washing soda.
Anderson—Discovered positive electrons. Lawrence—Invention of cyclotron.
Archimedes—Discovery of the Principles of lever and of Lockyer—Helium gas.
specific gravity; invention of the famous Archimedean screw. Louis Braille—Perfected his system of reading and writing
Avogadro—An Italian scientist known for Avogadro’s for the blind.
Hypothesis. Marconi—Wireless telegraphy; radio.
Bacquerel—Radio-activity of uranium. Maria-Montessori—‘Montessori’ method of teaching
Baird—Television. children.
Baron Napier—Logarithms. Maxwell—Electro-magnetic Theory of Light.
Benjamin Franklin—Invented lightning conductor. Meghnad Saha—Effect of pressure on Radiation through
Bessemer—Steel smelting process. bodies.
Bhabha, Dr H.J.—Research in Cosmic rays and Quantum Mendel—Laws of heredity.
theory. Mandeleev—Periodic Table.
Binet—Intelligence Test. Morse—Morse system of electric telegraphy.
Birbal Sahni—Researches in Botany. Newton—Laws of gravitation; Law of Motion.
Bose, J.C.—Invented Crescograph and published many Nobel—Dynamite.
works on plant physiology. He discovered that plants have Oliver Lodge—Physicist. Researches in wireless
sense and perception. communications.
Bose, S.N.—Discovery of a group of nuclear particles named Oppenheimer—Researches in atomic theory.
after him “Boson”. Otto Hahn—Discovery of uranium fission.
Boyle—Boyle’s law; Pressure x volume = constant at a Parkes—Celluloid.
constant given temperature. Boyle was the greatest scientist Parsons—Steam turbine.
of England in his time. Pavlov—Theory of Conditioned Reflex.
Bohr—Electron Theory—Atomic structure. Perkin—‘Mauve dye’.
Braun, Dr Wernher von—space flying. Pitman—Founded the Pitman system of phonographic
Bunsen—Invention of the spectroscope. shorthand.
Carothers—Nylon plastics. Planck—Quantum theory.
Cavendish—Discovery of chemical composition of water; Plimsoll—Introduced a line of demarcation on the ships
discovery of hydrogen (Inflammable Air); ‘rare gases’. beyond which the ships cannot be loaded.
Chadwick—Discovery of the neutron. Priestley—Discovery of Oxygen.
Chandrasekhar—Mathematical Astrophysics. Raman, C.V.—“Raman Effect” on polarisation of light and
Charles Darwin—Theory of Evolution; Origin of Species. theories on crystals and diamond formation.
Clarke, Arthur C.—Concept of Geostationary Orbit. Ramanathan—Molecular scattering of light in fluids.
Curie, Madame—Discovery of radium. Ramanujam—A great Indian mathematician.
Dalton—Atomic theory; laws of chemical combination; law Ramsay—Discovery of Inert gases such as Argon, Neon,
of partial pressures; the law of multiple proportions. Helium etc.
Democritus—Greek philosopher—(Atomic theory). Ray, P.C.—Researches in chemistry.
Dewar—Invented cordite, liquid oxygen and introduced Regnault—Experiments in regard to the physical properties
thermos flask. of bodies and their relation to heat.
Roger Bacon—Gun powder. Barnard, Christian—Replacing the human heart.
Rontgen—Discovery of X-rays. Brahmchari, U.M.—Cure of Kala-a-zar fever.
Rohmkorff—Induction coil. Davy—Isolation of metals by electricity; studied properties
Rutherford—Atomic Research; succeeded in splitting the of chlorine.
atom for the first time in 1918. Domagk—Sulpha drugs as bactericides.
Shalimar—Paints. Eijkman—Cause of Beri-Beri.
Stephenson—British engineer and pioneer in Railways. He Finsen—Discovered curative effect of ultra violet rays;
was the first to put a locomotive on the line that was able to photography.
draw a train of 31 carriages. Fleming, Alexander—Penicillin (in 1929).
Thomson, J.J.—Discovered electron. Harvey—Circulation of blood.
Travers—Discovery of Neon gas (Working with Ramsay). Hahnemann—Homoeopathy (founder).
Urey—Discovery of Heavy Hydrogen. Hopkins, Frederick Gowland—Vitamin D.
Volta—Current electricity and electric battery. Jenner—Smallpox Vaccination.
Pioneers in Mechanical Inventions and Discoveries Koch—Tubercle Bacillus.
Austin—Motor Car. Lainnec—Stethoscope.
Bell, Graham—Telephone. Lister, Lord—Antiseptic treatment.
Berliner—Microphone. Pasteur, Louis—Treatment of rabies; cure of hydrophobia.
Brequet—Helicopter. Ronald Ross—Malaria Parasite.
Bushwell—Submarine. Salk, Jonas E.—Anti-polio Vaccine.
Caxton—Printing Press. Simpson and Harrison—Chloroform.
Colt—Revolver. Waksman—Streptomycin.
Daimler—Gas engine. SCIENTIFIC INSTRUMENTS
Davy—Miner’s Safety Lamp. • Hydrometer measures humidity
Diesel—Internal Combustion engine (Diesel engine). • Barometer measures atmospheric pressure
Dunlop—Pneumatic tyre. • Purity of milk is measured by lactometer
Edison—First electric bulb and gramophone. • Fathometer measures the depth of oceans.
Faraday—Dynamo. • Sextant is used for measuring altitude of Sun and other
Fick—Law of Diffusion—Fick’s Law. heavenly bodies
Frank Whittle—Jet propulsion. • Chronometer records accurate time on ships
Fulton—Stream boat. • Algesimeter indicates the degree of sensitiveness of skin
Galileo—Telescope. • Altimeter measures altitudes
Gillette—Safety razor. • Ammeter measures current
Guttenburg—Art of Printing. • Anemometer records velocity of wind
Hoe—Rotary Printing Press. • Cyamometer measures blueness of sky or ocean
Howe—Sewing Machine. • Dasymeter measures density of gas
Huygens—Pendulum clock. • Galvanometer measures small electric current
James Watt—Steam engine (patented in 1769). • Hydrometer measures relative density of liquids
Landstrom, J.E.—Safety Matches. • Hygrometer measures humidity in atmosphere
Macmillan—Bicycle (1842). • Hypsometer measures atmospheric pressure to ascertain
Mauser—Magazine of rifle. elevations by determining boiling point of liquid. Or
Mercator—Celestial and a terrestrial globe. Hypsometer is an instrument for measuring the height above
Montgolfier—Balloon (1883) sea level.
Pascal—Calculating Machine. • Manometer measures pressure of gases
Puckle, James—Machine gun • Micrometer measures minute distances
Shockley—Transistor. • Periscope is used for viewing objects above eye level
Sholes—Typewriter. • Cyclotron is used for electromagnetic acceleration of
Stephenson—Railway engine. charged atoms
Swinton—Military tank. • Geiger counter is used for detecting and recording
Torricelli—Barometer. radioactivity. It was invented by Hans Geiger (1882-1945)
Watt, Robert Watson—Radar. • Pyrometer measures high temperatures
W. & O. Wright (Wright Brothers)—Aeroplane (1903). • Refrectometer measures refractive index of a substance
Waterman—Fountain pen. • Seismograph measures intensity of earthquake
Zeiss—Lenses; Camera. • Telstar transmits wireless or T.V broadcast
Pioneers in • Viscometer measures viscosity of liquids
Medical Inventions and Discoveries • Spiro graph records the movement of lungs
• Banting—Insulin (as a palliative for diabetes). • Photometer measures rate of transpiration
• Scotograph is used for enbling blind to write 1990.
• Eratosthenes measures distance round the earth • Son meter is an instrument used to study the behavior of
• Kaldio-scopes have proved helpful in finding the amount of vibrating string.
dampness in soil • The instrument used for measuring the velocity of wind is
• Mohr’s scale measures degree of hardness of minerals known as anemometer.
• RBC and WBC is bloods are counted by Hemocytometer. Altimeter: an apparatus used in aircraft for measuring
• Manometer is the instrument of measuring gas pressure. altitudes.
• Spectrometer instrument for measuring the spectrum of Ammeter: is used for to measure intensity of sound.
light. Anemometer: is an instrument for measuring the force and
• The variation in the blood flow can be heard with an velocity of wind.
instrument called _ stethoscope _ Audiometer: an instrument to measure intensity of sound.
• What is measured by an interferometer-Wavelength of light Audiophone: is an instrument required for improving
• Hydrophone is used for measuring sound under water. imperfect sense of hearing.
• Magnometer is an instrument designed to compare the Barograph: for continuous recording of atmospheric pressure.
magnetic movement and field. Barometer: is an apparatus used for measuring the
• Potometer is used to measure the rate of respiration in atmospheric pressure.
animal and plants. Binoculars: is an instrument used for seeing distant objects,
• For measuring solar radiation we use pyrheliometer. the rays of light are twice reflected by means of right-angled
• Actimometer measures direct heating power of the Sun. prisms.
• Ammeter is use for measuring current strength. Callipers: a compass with legs for measuring the inside or
• Manometer is the instrument of measuring gas pressure. outside diameter of bodies.
• Spectrometer instrument for measuring the spectrum of Calorimeter: an instrument used for measuring quantities of
light. heat.
• The measurement of rainfall is made by an instrument Carburettor: is an apparatus for charging air with petrol
known as rain gauge vapours in an internal combustion engine.
• What is measured with an ombrometer-Rainfall Cardiogram: a medical instrument used for tracing the
• The instrument used to measure very high temperature: movements of the heart.
Infrared pyrometers Cardiograph: is a medical instrument for tracing heart
• Mechanical energy into electrical energy: Generator movements.
• Heat energy into mechanical energy: Heat engine or steam Chronometer: is an instrument kept on board the ships for
engine. measuring accurate time.
• Electrical energy into mechanical energy: Electrical Motor Cinematograph: It consists of a series of lenses arranged to
• Electrical energy into sound energy: Loudspeaker throw on a screen an enlarged image of photographs. The
• Sound energy into electrical energy: Microphone lens system which forms the image on the screen is termed
• The device used to measure radioactivity: Geiger-Muller the focusing lens.
tube Commutator: split ring which forms the main part of a D.C.
• The device which converts the chemical energy into Dynamo.
electrical energy: Battery Compass needle: for knowing approximately the North-South
• The device used to measure radioactivity. Geiger counter direction at a place.
• Hygrometer is instrument used for measuring humidity of Crescograph: is an instrument for use in recording growth of
air. plants; invented by J.C. Bose.
• Heliscope is used for viewing the sun. Dip Circle: It is an instrument used to determine the angle
• What does a potometer measure- Water intake between the direction of the resultant intensity of earth’s field
• Clinical thermometer usually measures in Fahrenheit. and the horizontal component at a place. This particular angle
• Actimometer measures direct heating power of the Sun. is know as the dip of that place.
• Ammeter is use for measuring current strength Drinker’s apparatus: to help breathing in infantile paralysis.
• Voltammeter is an electrolytic cell for conducting Dynamo: The origin of electricity in a Dynamo is the
electrolytic dissociation of electrolyte. transformation of mechanical energy into electrical energy. It
• What does a drosomoter measure: Dew depends on the principle of electro-magnetic induction
• Relative density of an atmosphere is measured by whereby a current is produced on traversing a magnetic field.
hygrometer. Electroencephalograph (EEG): It is the technique of
• Spirograph is an apparatus used for recording the recording and interpreting the electrical activity of the brain.
movement of the lungs. Records of the electrical activity of the brain, commonly
• The maximum limit of sound beyond which a person can known as “brain waves”, are called electroencephalograms or
become deaf is 129 lbs. electroencephalographs. EEG is the common abbreviation for
• Charles K Rhodes developed an X-Ray emitting laser in both the technique and the records.
Epidiascope: for projecting films as well as images of opaque measurements of the thermal e.m.f.s, large potential
articles on a screen. differences and currents. It is also used for measuring low
Eudiometer: It is a glass tube for measuring volume changes resistances.
in chemical reactions between gases. Psychrometer: is an instrument for measurement of the
Fathometer: is an instrument used for measuring depth of the humidity of the atmosphere.
ocean. Pyrometer: is an instrument for recording high temperatures
Galvanometer: an instrument for measuring currents of small from a great distance (i.e., for recording temperature of the
magnitude. sun etc.) by making use of the laws of radiation.
G.M. Counter (Geiger Muller Counter): This special device Radar: Radio, Angle, Detection And Range is used to detect
is used for detecting the presence of radiation and counting the direction and range of an approaching aeroplane by
certain atomic particles. means of radio microwaves.
Gramophone: an instrument with which we can reproduce the Rain Gauge: is an apparatus for recording of rainfall at a
sound recorded by a suitable recording apparatus. It is fitted particular place.
with a special type of apparatus known as sound box Radiometer: is an instrument for measuring the emission of
invented by Berliner. radiant energy.
Gravimeter: is an instrument for recording measurement Refractometer: is an instrument to measure refractive indices.
under water and to determine the presence of oil deposits Saccharimeter: is an instrument for determining the amount
under water. of sugar in a solution. It is used in breweries.
Gyroscope: is an instrument used to illustrate dynamics of Seismometer or Seismograph: is an instrument used for
rotating bodies. It is a type of spinning wheel fixed to the recording earthquake shocks.
axle. Sextant: is an instrument invented by John Hadley used for
Hydrometer: is an instrument used for measuring the specific measuring the altitude of the sun and of other inaccessible
gravity of liquids. heavenly bodies.
Hydrophone: is an instrument used for recording sound under Spectrometer: (1) It is a type of spectroscope suitable for the
water. precise measurements of refractive indices. (2) An instrument
Hygrometer: is an instrument used for measuring humidity in for measuring the energy distribution of a particular type of
air. radiation.
Kymograph: is an instrument used to record graphically Speedometer: is an instrument which indicates speed at
various physiological movements i.e., blood pressure, heart which a vehicle is moving.
beating, study of lungs etc in living beings. Spherometer: is an instrument for measuring curvature of
Lactometer: is an apparatus used for measuring the purity of surfaces.
milk. Sphygmomanometer: an instrument used for measuring
Manometer: for determining the pressure of a gas. arterial blood-pressure.
Mariner’s Compass: is an apparatus which is used to guide Sphygmophone: an instrument, with the help of which a
the sailors. The needle always points north-south. pulse beat makes a sound.
Micrometer: is an instrument used for converting sound i.e., Sphygmoscope: an instrument, by virtue of which, arterial
fraction of the lowest division of a given scale. pulsations become visible.
Microphone: is an instrument used for converting sound Stereoscope: It is a special type of binocular, through which a
waves into electrical vibrations. double photograph snapped from two different angles by a
Microscope: is an instrument which is used for magnifying two-lensed camera is viewed in solid relief.
minute objects by a lens system. Stethoscope: is an instrument to hear and analyse movements
Microtome: is used for cutting an object into thin parts for of heart and lungs.
microscopic inspection. Stop watch: for recording small intervals of time in the
Odometer: is an instrument by virtue of which the distance laboratory, in races and other events.
covered by wheeled vehicles is recorded. Stroboscope: is an instrument for viewing objects moving
Periscope: It is usually used by the crew of a submarine to rapidly with a periodic motion and to see them as if they
survey the ships etc, on the surface of the sea while the were at rest.
submarine is under water. It also enables the sailors to Tachometer: is an instrument for determining speeds of
observe objects on the other side of an obstacle without aeroplanes and motor boats.
exposing themselves. Telephone: a device by virtue of which two persons at two
Phonograph: is an instrument used for reproducing sound. different places can communicate. It consists of two main
Photometer: is an apparatus used to compare the illuminating parts (i) a microphone and (ii) a receiver.
power of two sources of light. Teleprinter: an instrument which prints automatically
Pipette: It is a glass tube with the aid of which a definite messages sent from one place to another, on telegraph lines.
volume of liquid may be transferred. Telescope: is an apparatus used for observing distant objects.
Potentiometer: is used for comparing the e.m.f.s, of cells, Theodolite: is an instrument for measuring horizontal and
vertical angles. • First apple computer was built in garage.
Thermocouple: an instrument based on thermo-electricity • The language of small talk is object oriented.
used for measuring temperatures. • Shell is an operating environment.
Thermometer: is an apparatus used for measuring • Virtual memory is also known as virtual page.
temperature. • NOS refer to operating systems for a network.
Thermostat: It is an instrument used to regulate the • In EBCDIC each character is denoted by 8 bits.
temperature to a particular degree. • Diodes are used in analog computer circuits as limiter.
Viscometer: is an instrument to measure viscosity. • Wetware stands for any organic intelligence.
COMPUTER • GIGO stands for garbage in garbage out.
• Half byte = 1nibble = 4 bits • Application of flip-flap are counters, shift register and
• Bit means Binary Digit transfer register.
• 1 byte = 8 bits • Bootstrap is associated with computer.
• 1 mega byte = 1048576 bytes • FORTRAN stands for formula translator.
• 1 kilo byte = 1024 bytes • A group of character that is termed as a single entity is
• A combination of 16 bits are called word. called word.
• A terabyte = 1 trillion bytes • Clip art is a computer prepared art.
• Our PC belongs to 4th generation • Mark sensing is another term for OMR.
• Fred Cohen coined the word computer virus • Authorization to make multiple software copies is called
• First computer virus was created in 1970 at Bell site licensing.
laboratories • Antivirus is also known as vaccines.
• WORM means Write Once Read Many • Free software is also known as public domain software.
• Power of a super computer is measured in FLOPS (Floating • In computer DFD stands for Data Flow Diagram.
Point Operations per Second) • Cyber Space is called to Virtual world of the computer.
• WWW/http: (hypertext transfer protocol) was created by • What does the sun in SUN Microsystems stand for Stanford
Tim Burner Lee in 1992 University Network
• Intel means Integrated Electronics • What does Intel stand for- Integrated Electronics
• 1 worksheet contains 256 columns • All PCs have a BIOS what does bios stand for-Basic Input
• G.W.Basic G.W stands for Gate Way Output System
• Super Computer was created by J.H.Van Tassel • What is the common name for an integrated circuit A Chip
• CORBA is Common Object Request Broker Architecture • In WWW terms what does i.e. mean on a domain name-
• URL is Uniform or Universal Resource Locator Ireland
• Intel invented RAM chip • What company introduced the first commercial
• Information stored on disk as series of bumps on its shiny minicomputer 65 DEC
side. • Name the first web browser publicly available NCSA
• DVDs hold more information than CDs. They use smaller Mosaic
bumps and have two reflective layers • The world’s most powerful super computer is called ASCI
• Recordable CDs do not have bumps. There are patches of white.
color on disk to change the reflected laser light • World Wide Web was invented in 1993 by Tim Bareness
• In 1951 Univac – 1, the world’s first commercial computer Lee.
was designed by John Mauchly and J. Presper Eckert. They • The B-programming language was developed by Ken
built ENIAC, the first electronic computer in 1946 Thompson.
• In 1968 mainframe was built. • The 1st commercially produced and sold computer (1951)
• In 1976 first supercomputer the Cray-1 was developed was UNIVAC.
• In 1981 IBM produce the IBM PC. • The transformation from heavy computers to PCs was made
• In 1998 IBM made quantum computer possible using microprocessors.
• Super computers uses parallel processing • The first microprocessor was developed in 1971 by Intel.
• In 1974, computer games were introduced. • A pentium 4 (P-4) employs roughly 40 million transistors.
• PROM is the abbreviation of programmable read only • Mark-1, Apple-1, and collossus were initial desktop
memory computers.
• What was the world’s first high level programming • Binary digits are briefed as bit.
language 1957: IBM FORTRAN • A collection of bits is called byte.
• A JPEG is a picture file format – what does JPEG stand for: • The first home computer (1977), which was sold in millions
Joint Photographic Experts Group of units was Apple II.
• During World War II, IBM built the computers the Nazis • ‘PARAM’ is a supercomputer.
used to manage their death/concentration camps • Father of the Computer.. Charles Babbage
• Registers are temporary storage areas within the CPU. • What does CMOS stand for in a computer- Complimentary
metal Oxide semi-conductor • 10 countries have test status.
WORLD PARLIAMENTS • First test mach was played in 1877 between Australia and
• Parliament of Afghanistan is Loya Jirga. England.
• Parliament of Australia is Federal Parliament. • First One day match between Australia and England in Jan
• Parliament of Bangladesh is Jatiya Saugsad. 5, 1971.
• Parliament of Canada is Parliament. • First word cup football 1930, Uruguay, and won by
• Parliament of China is National people’s congress. Uruguay.
• Parliament of Denmark is Folketing. • 1942 world cup football cup did not hold due to Second
• Parliament of Egypt is People’s Assembly. World War.
• Parliament of France is Parliament. • Nigeria is current Olympic footfall champion.
• Parliament of Germany is Baundesrat. • Geoff hunt is associated with Squash.
• Parliament of Greece is Parliment. • South Africa was expelled from ICC in 1970 because of its
• Parliament of India is Parliment. apartheid policies.
• Parliament of Iran is Majlis-e-Shoura-e-Islam. • Current heavy weight championship is with L. Lewis.
• Parliament of Iraq is National Assembly. • In cricket batsman can be out by 10 ways.
• Parliament of Japan is Diet. • Peter Marshal is associated with Squash.
• Parliament of Morocco is Majlis al Nuwab. • Pakistan had won 4 title of world cup hockey so far.
• Parliament of Oman is Consultative Assembly. • First three work cup crickets were played with 60 over.
• Parliament of Qatar is Advisory Council. • Rocky Morciono only heavy weight boxer remained
• Parliament of Russia is Duma. unbeaten throughout his career.
• Parliament of Norway is the Storting. • Lowest test match inning is 26 by New Zealand.
• Parliament of Sweden is Riksdag. • Highest no of one-days are played at Sharjah Cricket
• Oldest parliament in the world— Althing (Iceland) Ground.
SPORTS • The champion trophy hockey tournament was introduced by
• What has 32 panels and 642 stitches-A football (soccer) Pakistan in year 1978.
• First British open squash championship played in 1922. • Davis cup is for tennis.
• First world squash championship 1976. • Thomas cup badminton is for men only.
• Jhangir khan has won world open 6 times. • Uber cup is for badminton.
• Wimbledon open tennis was instituted in 1877. • Each team in volleyball consists of 6 players.
• A winner of four competitions (Wimbledon, French open, • Antoly Karpov, the world chess player belongs to Russia.
us open, and Australia open) is called Grand Slam. • Modern Olympic Games were first held in Athens.
• Most Wimbledon single (Men) title are won by Pete • ICC has 10 members and it was founded in 1965.
Sampras (USA). • Lowest total in cricket is 36 by Canada.
• Most Wimbledon single (woman) title won by Martina • Tennis player steffi graf belongs to Germany.
Navratilova (USA). • Natwest trophy is for cricket.
• Common Wealth game are held every 4 years, they were • The Swythiling cup is related to Table Tennis.
started in 1931. • Morocco cup is for cricket.
• First Asia games were played at New Delhi in 1951. • First modern Olympic games were held in 1896 in Athens.
• 15th Asian Games will be held in Qatar in 2006. • First women competed in Olympic games in 1912.
• Current World cup holder of hockey is Netherlands. • France and which country contested first ever world cup
• FIFA established in Paris on May 21, 1904. match Mexico
• Grand slam is the title associated with Pete Sampras. • The number of countries which participated in the first
• Michael Chang (USA) is the youngest to win the title of Olympic Games held at Athens was Nine
grand slam. • Who owns The Oval cricket ground- Prince Charles
• Shahid Afridi has made century on 37 balls. • Who among the following batsmen achieved the feat of
• The title “Oval Hero” is with Fazal Muhammad. hitting six 6s in one over for the first time in international
• The sports man Kasparvo is associated with Chess. cricket during the World Cup 2007 Herschelle Gibbs
• Modern summer Olympic were held in Greece in 1896. • Where were the first winter Olympics held in 1924 -
• Olympic held every 4 years. Charmonix France
• Hockey became Olympic event in 1908. Pakistan took part • FINA is the governing body of what amateur sport-
in 1948 in London. Swimming
• 1st world cup hockey 1971 at Barcelona (Spain). • FITA are the governing body of what sport-Archery
• Hockey world cup held every 4 year. • A Lady Paramount judges at what sport- Archery
• First world cup cricket 1975, won by West Indies. • First cricket cup was played in England in 1974.
• India won world cup cricket in 1983 by beating West • First Asian Games were held in New Delhi in 1951. From
Indies. 1954 they were held every four years.
• Baron Pierre de Coubertin was founder of the modern • The famous airport Dum Dum is located in Mombai (India).
Olympic Games. • Chaklala airport is situated in Rawalpindi.
• Bunting is a term in the game of Baseball. • Orly airport is located in Paris.
• Grand Master is a term in Chess. • Santa Cruz airport is in Mumbai.
• Grand Slam is a term in sports associated with Bridge as • KLM is an airline of Nether land.
well as Lawn Tennis. • LOT is the national airline of what country-Poland
• Martina Hinges is the youngest woman tennis player to win • TABSO is the national airline of which country-Bulgaria
three major singles titles in one season. • Lufthansa is an airlines from Germany
• Iron- a sports term is associated with Golf. • Cathy Pacific is an airline of Hong Kong.
• McDowell Cup is associated with football. • What is Belgium’s national Airline- Sabina
• Olympic Games were held twice in Paris and London. • Vnukovo airport is in Moscow.
• Paralympics are the games for disabled. • Biman is the airline of Bangladesh.
• Uber cup is associated with Badminton. • Qantas is an airline of Australia.
• Yankee Stadium is associated with Boxing. • Garunda is an Airline of Indonesia.
• World’s oldest sports daily is Gazetta dello Sport of Italy. • Asiana is the airline of … South Korea
• Val Barker Cup is awarded in the Olympic Games in IMPORTANT NEWSAGENCIES
Boxing. • Anatolia is the news agency of Turkey.
• The Paralympics Games 2008 were held in Beijing. • News agency AIP belongs to Afghanistan.
• Asafa Powell is 100 m sprinter. • Interfax is the news agency of Russia.
• The term “Stalemate” is related to the game of Chess. • Al-Hilal was stated in 1912 and closed in 1914, it was
• With which sport is the term ‘butterfly’ associated? founded by Abudul Kalam Azad.
Swimming 1. Samuel Clemens (Mark Twain) was born on and died on
• Next Football world Cup in 2010 is in…..South Africa days when Halley’s Comet can be seen.
• How many rings on the Olympic flag: Five During his life he predicted that he would die when it could
• Who ran the first marathon: Phidipedes be seen.
• What colour is the cap given to an England cricket player- 2. US Dollar bills are made out of cotton and linen.
Blue 3. The 57 on the Heinz ketchup bottle represents the number
• What held up a Cricket test Match between England of pickle types the company once had.
Pakistan-Mouse on pitch 4. Americans are responsible for about 1/5 of the world’s
• What is the first race in the Grand Prix season-Brazilian garbage annually. On average, that’s 3 pounds
• By Olympic rules what must have 14 feathers Badminton a day per person.
Bird 5. Giraffes and rats can last longer without water than
• How is the Olympic torch lit- By the sun in Greece camels.
• Martina Navratilova belongs to Czech Republic. 6. Your stomach produces a new layer of mucus every two
• Tour De France is French cycle race. weeks so that it doesn’t digest itself.
• National game of Switzerland is skiing. 7. 98% of all murders and rapes are by a close family
• What has 32 panels and 642 stitches-A football (soccer) member or friend of the victim.
• In Tennis where is the Australian Open played-Flinders 8. A B-25 bomber crashed into the 79th floor of the Empire
Park State Building on July 28, 1945.
• What Olympic event was dropped in 1920-Tug of War - 9. The Declaration of Independence was written on hemp
1900 to 1920 (marijuana) paper.
• FIDE govern what game -Chess. 10. The dot over the letter “i” is called a tittle.
• Footballer Zaidane originally belongs to which country? 11. A raisin dropped in a glass of fresh champagne will
Algeria bounce up and down continuously from the
INTERNATIONAL AIRLINES bottom of the glass to the top.
• Aero float is the airline of Russia. 12. Benjamin Franklin was the fifth in a series of the
• Al-Italia is the Italian international airlines. youngest son of the youngest son.
• Royal Nepal’s Airline is the name of Nepal’s airline. 13. Triskaidekaphobia means fear of the number 13.
• Transworld Airway (TWA) belongs to USA. Paraskevidekatriaphobia means fear of Friday the
• Scandinavian airlines operate in the countries Norway, 13th (which occurs one to three times a year). In Italy, 17 is
Sweden, and Denmark. considered an unlucky number. In Japan,
• KLM is the oldest national airline. 4 is considered an unlucky number.
• JAL is an airline of Japan. 14. A female ferret will die if it goes into heat and cannot
• BOAC airline is of Great Britain. find a mate.
• Garada is the airline of Indonesia. 15. All the chemicals in a human body combined are worth
• Qantas is an airline of Australia. about 6.25 euro (if sold separately).
16. In ancient Rome, when a man testified in court he would these boom years, it was deemed more
swear on his testicles. feasible to send their shirts to Hawaii for servicing.
17. The ZIP in “ZIP code” means Zoning Improvement Plan. 45. American Airlines saved $40,000 in 1987 by taking out
18. Coca-Cola contained Coca (whose active ingredient is an olive from First Class salads.
cocaine) from 1885 to 1903. 46. About 200,000,000 M&Ms are sold each day in the
19. A “2 by 4” is really 1-1/2 by 3-1/2. United States.
20. It’s estimated that at any one time around 0.7% of the 47. Because metal was scarce, the Oscars given out during
world’s population is drunk. World War II were made of wood.
21. Each king in a deck of playing cards represents a great 48. Over a course of about eleven years, the sun’s magnetic
king from history: Spades = David; Clubs = poles switch places. This cycle is called
Alexander the Great; Hearts = Charlemagne; Diamonds = “Solarmax”.
Caesar. 49. There are 318,979,564,000 possible combinations of the
22. 40% of McDonald’s profits come from the sales of first four moves in Chess.
Happy Meals. 50. Upper and lower case letters are named “upper” and
23. Every person, including identical twins, has a unique eye “lower” because in the time when all original
and tongue print along with their finger print. print had to be set in individual letters, the upper case letters
24. The “spot” on the 7-Up logo comes from its inventor who were stored in the case on top of the
had red eyes. He was an albino. case that stored the lower case letters.
25. 315 entries in Webster’s 1996 dictionary were 51. There are no clocks in Las Vegas gambling casinos.
misspelled. 52. The numbers “172? can be found on the back of the US 5
26. The “save” icon in Microsoft Office programs shows a dollar bill, in the bushes at the base of the
floppy disk with the shutter on backwards. Lincoln Memorial.
27. Albert Einstein and Charles Darwin both married their 53. Coconuts kill about 150 people each year. That’s more
first cousins (Elsa Lawenthal and Emma than sharks.
Wedgewood respectively). 54. Half of all bank robberies take place on a Friday.
28. Camel’s have three eyelids. 55. The name Wendy was made up for the book Peter Pan.
29. On average, 12 newborns will be given to the wrong There was never a recorded Wendy before
parents every day. it.
30. John Wilkes Booth’s brother once saved the life of 56. The international telephone dialing code for Antarctica is
Abraham Lincoln’s son. 672.
31. Warren Beatty and Shirley McLaine are brother and 57. The first bomb the Allies dropped on Berlin in WWII
sister. killed the only elephant in the Berlin Zoo.
32. Chocolate can kill dogs; it directly affects their heart and 58. The average raindrop falls at 7 miles per hour.
nervous system. 59. It took Leonardo Da Vinci 10 years to paint Mona Lisa.
33. Daniel Boone hated coonskin caps. He never signed or dated the painting.
34. Playing cards were issued to British pilots in WWII. If Leonardo and Mona had identical bone structures according
captured, they could be soaked in water and to the painting. X-ray images have
unfolded to reveal a map for escape. shown that there are 3 other versions under the original.
35. 55.1% of all US prisoners are in prison for drug offenses. 60. If you put a drop of liquor on a scorpion, it will instantly
36. Most lipstick contains fish scales. go mad and sting itself to death.
37. Orcas (killer whales) kill sharks by torpedoing up into the 61. Bruce Lee was so fast that they had to slow the film down
shark’s stomach from underneath, causing so you could see his moves.
the shark to explode. 62. The largest amount of money you can have without
38. Dr. Seuss pronounced his name “soyce”. having change for a dollar is $1.19 (3 quarters, 4
39. Slugs have four noses. dimes, and 4 pennies cannot be divided into a dollar).
40. Ketchup was sold in the 1830s as medicine. 63. The first CD pressed in the US was Bruce Springsteen’s
41. The Three Wise Monkeys have names: Mizaru (See no “Born in the USA”.
evil), Mikazaru (Hear no evil), and Mazaru (Speak no evil). 64. IBM’s motto is “Think”. Apple later made their motto
42. India has a Bill of Rights for cows. “Think different”.
43. If you sneeze too hard, you can fracture a rib. If you try to 65. The mask used by Michael Myers in the original
suppress a sneeze, you can rupture a “Halloween” was actually a Captain Kirk mask painted
blood vessel in your head or neck and die. If you keep your white, due to low budget.
eyes open by force, they can pop out. 1. The original name for butterfly was
44. During the California gold rush of 1849, miners sent their flutterby.
laundry to Honolulu for washing and 2. The phrase “rule of thumb” is derived from an old English
pressing. Due to the extremely high costs in California during law, which stated that you couldn’t beat your wife with
anything wider than your thumb. dating are already married.
3. One in fourteen women in America is a natural blonde. 27. Back in the mid to late ’80s, an IBM compatible
Only one in sixteen men is. computer wasn’t considered 100% compatible unless
4. The Olympic was the sister ship of the Titanic, and she it could run Microsoft’s Flight Simulator.
provided twenty-five years of service. 28. $203,000,000 is spent on barbed wire each year in the
5. When the Titanic sank, 2228 people were on it. Only 706 U.S.
survived. 29. Every US president has worn glasses (just not always in
6. In America, someone is diagnosed with AIDS every 10 public).
minutes. In South Africa, someone dies due to 30. Bats always turn left when exiting a cave.
HIV or AIDS every 10 minutes. 31. Jim Henson first coined the word “Muppet”. It is a
7. Every day, 7% of the US eats at McDonald’s. combination of “marionette” and “puppet.”
8. The first product Motorola started to develop was a record 32. The names of all the continents end with the same letter
player for automobiles. At that time, the that they start with (not counting the words
most known player on the market was Victrola, which “North” and “South).
Motorola got their name from. 33. The Michelin man is known as Mr. Bib. His name was
9. In the US, about 127 million adults are overweight or Bibendum in the company’s first ads in 1896.
obese; worldwide, 750 million are overweight and 34. About 20% of bird species have become extinct in the
300 million more are obese. In the US, 15% of children in past 200 years, almost all of them because of
elementary school are overweight; 20% are human activity.
worldwide. 35. The word “lethologica” describes the state of not being
10. In Disney’s Fantasia, the Sorcerer to whom Mickey able to remember the word you want.
played an apprentice was named Yensid (Disney 36. About 14% of injecting drug users are HIV positive.
spelled backward). 37. A word or sentence that is the same front and back
11. During his entire life, Vincent Van Gogh sold exactly one (racecar, kayak) is called a “palindrome”.
painting, “Red Vineyard at Arles”. 38. A snail can sleep for 3 years.
12. By raising your legs slowly and lying on your back, you 39. People photocopying their buttocks are the cause of 23%
cannot sink into quicksand. of all photocopier faults worldwide.
13. One in ten people live on an island. 40. China has more English speakers than the United States.
14. It takes more calories to eat a piece of celery than the 41. Finnish folklore says that when Santa comes to Finland to
celery has in it to begin with. deliver gifts, he leaves his sleigh behind
15. 28% of Africa is classified as wilderness. In North and rides on a goat named Ukko instead. According to
America, its 38%. French tradition, Santa Claus has a brother named Bells
16. Charlie Chaplin once won third prize in a Charlie Chaplin Nichols, who visits homes on New Year’s Eve after everyone
look-alike contest. is asleep, and if a plate is
17. Chewing gum while peeling onions will keep you from set out for him, he fills it with cookies and cakes.
crying. 42. One in every 9000 people is an albino.
18. Sherlock Holmes NEVER said “Elementary, my dear 43. The electric chair was invented by a dentist.
Watson”, Humphrey Bogart NEVER said “Play it 44. You share your birthday with at least 9 million other
again, Sam” in Casablanca, and they NEVER said “Beam me people in the world.
up, Scotty” on Star Trek. 45. Everyday, more money is printed for Monopoly sets than
19. An old law in Bellingham, Washington, made it illegal for the U.S. Treasury.
for a woman to take more than 3 steps 46. Every year 4 people in the UK die putting their trousers
backwards while dancing. on.
20. Sharon Stone was the first Star Search spokes model. 47. Cats have over one hundred vocal sounds; dogs only have
21. The sound you here when you put a seashell next to your about ten.
ear is not the ocean, but blood flowing 48. Our eyes are always the same size from birth but our nose
through your head. and ears never stop growing.
22. More people are afraid of open spaces (kenophobia) than 49. In every episode of “Seinfeld” there is a Superman
of tight spaces (claustrophobia). picture or reference somewhere.
23. The glue on Israeli postage is certified kosher. 50. If Barbie were life-size her measurements would be 39-
24. There is a 1 in 4 chance that New York will have a white 23-33. She would stand seven feet two inches
Christmas. tall and have a neck twice the length of a normal human’s
25. The Guinness Book of Records holds the record for being neck.
the book most often stolen from Public 51. Rats multiply so quickly that in 18 months, two rats could
Libraries. have over million descendants.
26. Thirty-five percent of the people who use personal ads for 52. Wearing headphones for just an hour will increase the
bacteria in your ear by 700 times. 79. There are only four words in the English language that
53. Each year in America there are about 300,000 deaths that end in “-dous”: tremendous, horrendous,
can be attributed to obesity. stupendous, and hazardous.
54. About 55% of all movies are rated R. 80. Americans on average eat 18 acres of pizza every day.
55. About 500 movies are made in the US and 800 in India 81. Every time you lick a stamp you consume 1/10 of a
annually. calorie.
56. Arabic numerals are not really Arabic; they were created 82. “101 Dalmatians” and “Peter Pan” are the only Disney
in India. animations in which both of a character’s
57. Title 14, Section 1211 of the Code of Federal Regulations parents are present and don’t die during the movie.
(implemented on July 16, 1969) makes it 83. You are more likely to be killed by a champagne cork
illegal for U.S. citizens to have any contact with than by a poisonous spider.
extraterrestrials or their vehicles. Page 4/9
58. The February of 1865 is the only month in recorded PDF generated by PHPKB Knowledge Base Script
history not to have a full moon. 84. Hedenophobic means fear of pleasure.
59. The Pentagon in Arlington Virginia has twice as many 85. Ancient Egyptian priests would pluck every hair from
bathrooms as is necessary. When it was built their bodies.
in the 1940s the state of Virginia still had segregation laws 86. A crocodile cannot stick its tongue out.
requiring separate toilet facilities for blacks 87. Half of all crimes are committed by people under the age
and whites. of 18. 80% of burglaries are committed by
60. There is actually no danger in swimming right after you people aged 13-21.
eat, though it may feel uncomfortable. 88. An ant always falls over on its right side when
61. The cruise liner Queen Elizabeth II moves only six inches intoxicated.
for each gallon of diesel that it burns. 89. All polar bears are left-handed.
62. More than 50% of the people in the world have never 90. The catfish has over 27000 taste buds (more than any
made or received a telephone call. other animal)
63. A shark is the only fish that can blink with both eyes. 91. A cockroach will live nine days without its head before it
64. There are about 2 chickens for every human in the world. starves to death.
65. The word “maverick” came into use after Samuel 92. Butterflies taste with their feet.
Maverick, a Texan refused to brand his cattle. 93. Elephants are the only mammals that cannot jump.
Eventually any unbranded calf became known as a Maverick. 94. An ostrich’s eye is bigger than its brain.
66. Two-thirds of the world’s eggplant is grown in New 95. Starfish have no brains.
Jersey. 96. 11% of the world is left-handed.
67. For every memorial statue with a person on a horse, if the 97. John Hancock and Charles Thomson were the only
horse has both front legs in the air, the people to sign the Declaration of independence
person died in battle; if the horse has one front leg in the air, on July 4th, 1776. The last signature came five years later.
the person died of battle wounds; if all 98. Rubber bands last longer when refrigerated.
four of the horse’s legs are on the ground, the person died of 99. Peanuts are one of the ingredients of dynamite.
natural causes. 100. The national anthem of Greece has 158 verses.
68. On a Canadian two-dollar bill, the American flag is flying 101. There are 293 ways to make change for a dollar.
over the Parliament Building. 102. A healthy (non-colorblind) human eye can distinguish
69. An American urologist bought Napoleon’s penis for between 500 shades of gray.
$40,000. 103. A pregnant goldfish is called a twit.
70. No word in the English language rhymes with month, 104. Lizards can self-amputate their tails for protection. It
orange, silver, or purple. grows back after a few months.
71. Dreamt is the only English word that ends in the letters 105. Los Angeles’ full name is “El Pueblo de Nuestra Senora
“MT”. la Reina de los Angeles de Porciuncula”. It
72. $283,200 is the absolute highest amount of money you can be abbreviated to 3.63% of its size: L.A.
can win on Jeopardy. 106. A cat has 32 muscles in each ear.
73. Almonds are members of the peach family. 107. A honeybee can fly at fifteen miles per hour.
74. Rats and horses can’t vomit. 108. Tigers have striped skin, not just striped fur.
75. The penguin is the only bird that can’t fly but can swim. 109. A “jiffy” is the scientific name for 1/100th of a second.
76. There are approximately 100 million acts of sexual 110. The average child recognizes over 200 company logos
intercourse each day. by the time he enters first grade.
77. Winston Churchill was born in a ladies room during a 111. The youngest pope ever was 11 years old.
dance. 112. The first novel ever written on a typewriter is Tom
78. Maine is the only state whose name is just one syllable. Sawyer.
113. One out of every 43 prisoners escapes from jail. 94% are 139. One of the reasons marijuana is illegal today is because
recaptured. cotton growers in the ’30s lobbied against
114. The cigarette lighter was invented before the match. hemp farmers (they saw it as competition).
115. The average chocolate bar has 8 insects’ legs melted 140. “Canada” is an Indian word meaning “Big Village”.
into it. 141. Only one in two billion people will live to be 116 or
116. A rhinoceros horn is made of compacted hair. older.
117. The shortest war in history was between Zanzibar and 142. If you yelled for 8 years 7 months and 6 days, you
England in 1896. Zanzibar surrendered after would have produced enough sound energy to
38 minutes. heat one cup of coffee. If you fart consistently for 6 years and
118. Elwood Edwards did the voice for the AOL sound files 9 months, enough gas is produced to
(i.e. “You’ve got Mail!”). He is heard about 27 create the energy of an atomic bomb.
million times a day. The recordings were done before 143. Rape is reported every six minutes in the U.S.
Quantum changed its name to AOL and the 144. The human heart creates enough pressure in the
program was known as “Q-Link.” bloodstream to squirt blood 30 feet.
119. A polar bears skin is black. Its fur is actually clear, but 145. A jellyfish is 95% water.
like snow it appears white. 146. Truck driving is the most dangerous occupation by
120. Elvis had a twin brother named Garon, who died at accidental deaths (799 in 2001).
birth, which is why Elvis middle name was 147. Banging your head against a wall uses 150 calories an
spelled Aron, in honor of his brother. hour.
121. Dueling is legal in Paraguay as long as both parties are 148. Elephants only sleep for two hours each day.
registered blood donors. 149. On average people fear spiders more than they do death.
122. Donkeys kill more people than plane crashes. 150. The strongest muscle in the human body is the tongue.
123. Shakespeare invented the words “assassination” and (the heart is not a muscle)
“bump.” 151. In golf, a ‘Bo Derek’ is a score of 10.
124. There are a million ants for every person on Earth. 152. In the U.S, Frisbees outsell footballs, baseballs and
125. If you keep a goldfish in the dark room, it will basketballs combined.
eventually turn white. 153. In most watch advertisements the time displayed on a
126. Women blink nearly twice as much as men. watch is 10:10.
127. The name Jeep comes from “GP”, the army abbreviation 154. If you plant an apple seed, it is almost guaranteed to
for General Purpose. grow a tree of a different type of apple.
128. Right handed people live, on average, nine years longer 155. Al Capone’s business card said he was a used furniture
than left handed people do. dealer.
129. There are two credit cards for every person in the United 156. The only real person to be a PEZ head was Betsy Ross.
States. 157. There are about 450 types of cheese in the world. 240
Page 5/9 come from France.
PDF generated by PHPKB Knowledge Base Script 158. When the University of Nebraska Cornhuskers plays
130. Cats’ urine glows under a black light. football at home the stadium becomes
131. A “quidnunc” is a person who is eager to know the latest Nebraska’s third largest city.
news and gossip. 159. The characters Bert and Ernie on Sesame Street were
132. The first US Patent was for manufacturing potassium named after Bert the cop and Ernie the taxi
carbonate (used in glass and gunpowder). It driver in Frank Capra’s “It’s a Wonderful Life”.
was issued to Samuel Hopkins on July 31, 1970. 160. A dragonfly has a lifespan of 24 hours.
133. Leonardo Da Vinci invented the scissors, the helicopter, 161. In Iceland, a Big Mac costs $5.50.
and many other present day items. 162. Broccoli and cauliflower are the only vegetables that are
134. In the last 4000 years no new animals have been flowers.
domesticated. 163. Newborn babies have about 350 bones. They gradually
135. 25% of a human’s bones are in its feet. merge and disappear until there are about
136. David Sarnoff received the Titanic’s distress signal and 206 by age 5.
saved hundreds of passengers. He later 164. There is no solid proof of who built the Taj Mahal.
became the head of the first radio network, the National 165. In a survey of 200000 ostriches over 80 years, not one
Broadcasting Company (NBC). tried to bury its head in the sand.
137. On average, 100 people choke to death on ballpoint pens 166. A dime has 118 ridges around the edge. A quarter has
every year. 119.
138. Michael Jordan makes more money from Nike annually 167. On an American one-dollar bill there is a tiny owl in the
than every Nike factory worker in Malaysia upper-left-hand corner of the
combined. upper-right-hand “1? and a spider hidden in the front upper-
right-hand corner. 195. Pearls melt in vinegar.
168. Judy Scheindlin (”Judge Judy”) has a $25,000,000 196. “Lassie” was played by a group of male dogs; the main
salary, while Supreme Court Justice Ruth Bader one was named Pal.
Ginsberg has a $190,100 salary. 197. In 1863, Paul Hubert of Bordeaux, France, was
169. The name for Oz in the Wizard of Oz was thought up sentenced to life in jail for murder. After 21 years, it
when the creator Frank Baum looked at his was discovered that he was convicted of murdering himself.
filing cabinet and saw A-N and O-Z. 198. Nepal is the only country that doesn’t have a rectangular
170. Andorra, a tiny country on the border between France flag. Switzerland is the only country with a
and Spain, has the longest average lifespan of 83.49 years. square flag.
171. The microwave was invented after a researcher walked 199. Gabriel, Michael, and Lucifer are the only angels named
by a radar tube and a chocolate bar melted in the Bible.
in his pocket. 200. Tiger Woods’ real first name is Eldrick. His father gave
172. Mr. Rogers was an ordained Presbyterian minister. him the nickname “Tiger” in honor of a South
173. In America you will see an average of 500 Vietnamese soldier his father had fought alongside with
advertisements a day. during the Vietnam War.
174. John Lennon’s first girlfriend was named Thelma 201. Johnny Appleseed planted apples so that people could
Pickles. use apple cider to make alcohol.
175. You can lead a cow upstairs but not downstairs. 202. Abraham Lincoln’s ghost is said to haunt the White
176. The average person falls asleep in seven minutes. House.
177. “The sixth sick sheik’s sixth sheep’s sick” is said to be 203. God is not mentioned once in the book of Esther.
the toughest tongue twister in English. 204. The odds of being born male are about 51.2%, according
178. There are 336 dimples on a regulation US golf ball. In to census.
the UK its 330. 205. Scotland has more redheads than any other part of the
179. The Toltecs (a 7th century tribe) used wooden swords so world.
they wouldn’t kill their enemies. 206. There is an average of 61,000 people airborne over the
180. “Duff” is the decaying organic matter found on a forest US at any given moment.
floor. 207. Prince Charles and Prince William never travel on the
181. The US has more personal computers than the next 7 same airplane in case there is a crash.
countries combined. 208. The most popular first name in the world is Muhammad.
182. There have been over 600 lawsuits against Alexander The most common name (of any type) in
Grahm Bell over rights to the patent of the the world is Mohammed.
telephone, the most valuable patent in U.S. history. 209. The surface of the Earth is about 60% water and 10%
183. Kuwait is about 60% male (highest in the world). Latvia ice.
is about 54% female (highest in the world). 210. For every 230 cars that are made, 1 will be stolen.
184. The Hawaiian alphabet has only 12 letters. 211. Jimmy Carter was the first U.S. President to be born in a
185. In 10 minutes, a hurricane releases more energy than all hospital.
the world’s nuclear weapons combined. 212. Lightning strikes the earth about 8 million times a day.
186. At the height of its power in 400 BC, the Greek city of 213. Around 2,000 left-handed people die annually due to
Sparta had 25,000 citizens and 500,000 improper use of equipment designed only for
slaves. Page 7/9
187. Julius Caesar’s autograph is worth about $2,000,000. PDF generated by PHPKB Knowledge Base Script
188. The tool doctors wrap around a patient’s arm to measure right handed people.
blood pressure is called a 214. The “if” and “then” parts of conditional (”if P then Q”)
sphygmomanometer. statement are called the protasis (P) and
189. People say “bless you” when you sneeze because your apodosis (Q).
heart stops for a millisecond. 215. Humans use a total of 72 different muscles in speech.
190. US gold coins used to say “In Gold We Trust”. 216. If you feed a seagull Alka-Seltzer, its stomach will
191. In “Silence of the Lambs”, Hannibal Lector (Anthony explode.
Hopkins) never blinks. 217. Only female mosquitoes bite.
192. A shrimp’s heart is in its head. 218. The U.S. Post Office handles 43 percent of the world’s
193. In the 17th century, the value of pi was known to 35 mail.
decimal places. Today, to 1.2411 trillion. 219. Most household dust is made of dead skin cells.
194. The bestselling books of all time are The Bible 220. One in about eight million people has progeria, a disease
(6billion+), Quotations from the Works of Mao that causes people to grow faster than
Tse-tung (900million+), and The Lord of the Rings they age.
(100million+) 221. The male seahorse carries the eggs until they hatch
instead of the female. seen in the credits, they use the pseudonym
222. The “countdown” (counting down from 10 for an event “Allen Smithee” instead. It has been used over 50 times,
such as New-Years Day) was first used in a starting with “Death of a Gunfighter”
1929 German silent film called “Die Frau Im Monde” (The (1969).
Girl in the Moon). 241. Four different people played the part of Darth Vader
223. Negative emotions such as anxiety and depression can (body, face, voice, and breathing).
weaken your immune system. 242. Pamela Lee-Anderson was the first to be born in Canada
224. There are seven suicides in the Bible: Abimelech. on the centennial anniversary of Canada’s
Samson, Saul, Saul’s armor-bearer, Ahithophel, independence (7/1/1967).
Zimri, Judas. 243. There is about 200 times more gold in the oceans than
225. A mongoose is not a goose but more like a meercat, has been mined throughout history.
which is not a cat but more like a prairie dog, 244. William Shatner is credited for being the first person on
which is not a dog but more like a ground squirrel. TV to say “hell” as well as to have the first
226. Stephen Hawking was born exactly 300 years after inter-racial kiss (with Nichelle Nichols), both in episodes of
Galileo died. Star Trek.
227. Mercury is the only planet whose orbit is coplanar with 245. While the US government’s supply of gold is kept at
its equator. Venus and Uranus are the only Fort Knox, its supply of silver is kept at the
planets that rotate opposite to the direction of their orbit. Military Academy at West Point, NY.
228. John Adams, Thomas Jefferson, and James Monroe died 246. Alexander Graham Bell’s wife and mother were both
on July 4th. Adams and Jefferson died in deaf.
the same year. Supposedly, Adams last words were “Thomas 247. Compact discs read from the inside to the outside edge,
Jefferson survives.” the reverse of how a record works.
229. The Baby Ruth candy bar was named after Grover 248. In the ancient Greek city-state of Sparta, if a man was
Cleveland’s baby daughter, Ruth, not Babe Ruth not married by age 30, he would not be
the baseball player. allowed to vote or watch athletic events involving nude
230. Dolphins can look in different directions with each eye. young men.
They can sleep with one eye open. 249. Attila the Hun (invader of Europe; 406-453), Felix
231. The Falkland Isles (pop. about 2000) has over 700000 Faure (French President; 1841-1899), Pope Leo
sheep (350 per person). VII (936-939), Pope John VII (955-964), Pope Leo VIII
232. There are 41,806 different spoken languages in the (963-965), Pope John XIII (965-72), Pope
world today. Paul II (1467-1471), Lord Palmerston (British Prime
233. While many treaties have been signed at or near Paris, Minister, 1784-1865), Nelson Rockefeller (US
France (including many after WWI and Vice President, 1908-1979), and John Entwistle (The Who’s
WWII), nine are actually known as the “Treaty of Paris”: bassist, 1944-2002) all died while
Seven Years’ War (1763), American having sex.
Revolutionary War (1783), French-Swede War (1810), 250. Humans and dolphins are the only animals known to
France vs Sixth Coalition (1814), Battle of have sex for pleasure.
Waterloo (1815), Crimean War (1856), Spanish-American 251. Pac-Man, Namco’s 1979 arcade game, was originally
War (1898), union of Bessarabia and called “Puck Man”. The name was changed
Romania (1920), establishment of European Coal and Steel when they realized that vandals could easily scratch out part
Community (1951). of the letter “P”.
234. Robert Todd Lincoln (Abraham Lincoln’s oldest son) 252. Shakespeare and Cervantes died on the same day, April
was in Washington DC during his father’s 23, 1616.
assassination as well as during President Garfield’s 253. There are about 7.7 million millionaires in the world
assassination, and he was in Buffalo NY when (more than 1/1000th of the population).
President McKinley was assassinated. 254. The youngest mother on record was a Peruvian girl
235. The city of Venice stands on about 120 small islands. named Lina Medina. She gave birth to a boy by
236. The past-tense of the English word “dare” is “durst”. caesarean section on May 14, 1939 (which happened to be
237. Don Mac Lean’s song “American Pie” was written Mother’s Day), at the age of five years,
about Buddy Holly, Ritchie Valens and J.P. seven months and 21 days.
Richardson (The Big Bopper), who all died in the same plane 255. The “middle finger” gesture originates back to 423 BC
crash. in Aristophanes play “The Clouds”.
238. The drummer for ZZ Top (the only one without a beard) 1. Which metal is heavier, silver or gold?
is named Frank Beard. 2. How many legs do butterflies have?
239. Hummingbirds can’t walk. 3. Which is the country with the most people?
240. When movie directors do not want their names to be 4. Which state is the biggest in the US?
5. Which country has the largest area of land? of the Pacific Ocean.
6. Which is the country hosting the 2008 Olympic Games? 3. The first song played on Virgin Radio was Born to be wild
7. Which indoor sport is the most popular in the US? by INXS!
8. Which golf player’s mother is from Thailand? 4. A person will burn 7 percent more calories if they walk on
9. What is Aurora Borealis commonly known as? hard dirt compared to pavement.
10. Which is the non-contagious disease that is the most 5. Polar bear fur is not white, it’s clear.
common in the world? 6. Yahoo! was originally called ‘Jerry’s Guide to the World
11. Which was the album the Beatles recorded the last time Wide Web’.
together? 7. It is physically impossible for pigs to look up into the sky.
12. Which instrument did Miles Davis, the jazz musician, 8. How does a shark find fish? It can hear their hearts
play? beating.
13. What is the sport in which you could get into a headlock? 9. In Ancient Greece, if a woman watched even one Olympic
14. In which country was golf first played? event, she was executed.
15. Which is the sport where you could be out ‘leg before 10. Eighty percent of Americans will be the victim of violent
wicket’ or ‘hit a six’? crime at least once in their lifetime.
16. When did baseball originate in the US? 11. During the Gold Rush in 1849, some people paid as much
17. Which is the sport wherein you would use a ‘sand iron’? as $100 for a glass of water!
18. What is the largest mammal in the world? 12. C3PO is the first character to speak in Star Wars.
19. Which is the country where reggae music originated? 13. The state sport of Maryland is Jousting.
20. Who was the creator of Jeeves and Wooster? 14. The first patented condom was meant to be reused!
21. Who painted the ceiling of the Sistine Chapel? 15. King Kong was Adolf Hitler’s favorite movie.
22. Who was the writer of Alice’s Adventures in 16. A sneeze travels out your mouth at over 100 m.p.h.!
Wonderland? 17. Justin Timberlake’s half-eaten french toast sold for over
23. After which famous person was the teddy bear named? $3,000 on eBay!
24. Which is the smallest ocean in the world? 18. An egg will float if placed in water in which sugar has
25. What is the rhino?s horn made of? been added.
Answers 19. 7,000 new insect species are discovered every year.
1. Gold 20. More steel in the United States is used to make bottle
2. Six caps than to manufacture automobile bodies.
3. China 21. The Yo-Yo originated as a weapon in the Philippine
4. Alaska Islands during the sixteenth century.
5. Russia 22. Dolphins nap with one eye open.
6. China 23. The Atlantic Ocean is saltier than the Pacific Ocean.
7. Basketball 24. Out of all the senses, smell is most closely linked to
8. Tiger Woods memory.
9. Northern Lights Here are some interesting, but true facts for general
10. Tooth Decay knowledge that you may or may not have known.
11. Abbey Road 1) In 1783 an Icelandic eruption threw up enough dust to
12. Trumpet temporarily block out the sun over Europe .
13. Wrestling 2) About 20 to 30 volcanoes erupt each year, mostly under
14. Scotland the sea.
15. Cricket 3) A huge underground river runs underneath the Nile, with
16. 19th Century six times more water than the river above.
17. Golf 4) Lake Bosumtwi in Ghana formed in a hollow made by a
18. Blue Whale meteorite.
19. Jamaica 5) Beaver Lake , in Yellowstone Park, USA, was artificially
20. P.G. Wodehouse created by beaver damming.
21. Michelangelo 6) Off the coast of Florida there is an underwater hotel.
22. Lewis Carroll Guests have to dive to the entrance.
23. Theodore Roosevelt 7) Venice in Italy is built on 118 sea islets joined by 400
24. Arctic Ocean bridges. It is gradually sinking into the water.
25. Hair 8) The Ancient Egyptians worshipped a sky goddess called
Some Facts Nut.
1. Marie Curie, the Nobel prize winning scientist who 9) The world’s windiest place is Commonwealth Bay,
discovered radium, died of radiation poisoning. Antartica.
2. The volume of the Earth’s moon is the same as the volume 10) In 1934, a gust of wind reached 371 km/h on Mount
Washington in New Hampshire , USA. • Who is the President of International Court of Justice (ICJ)?
11) American Roy Sullivan has been struck by lighting a Hishashi Owada
record seven times. • Who is the President of Asian Development Bank (ADB)?
12) The desert baobab tree can store up to 1000 litres of Haruhiko Kuroda
water in its trunk. • Who is the President of International Olympic Committee
13) The oldest living tree is a California bristlecone pine (IOC)? Jacques Rogge
name ‘Methuselah’. It is about 4600 years old. The • Who is the Secretary-General of Commonwealth? Kamlesh
largest tree in the world is a giant sequoia growing in Sharma
California. It is 84 meters tall and measures 29 meters • Who is the Chairman of UN Human Rights Council
round the trunk. The fastest growing tree is the eucalyptus. It (UNHRC)?: Martin I. Uhomoibhi
can grow 10 meters a year. • Who is the High Commissioner of UNHRC? Navnetham
14) The Antartic notothenia fish has a protein in its blood that Pillai
acts like antifreeze and stops the fish freezing • Who is the President of International Cricket Council
in icy sea. (ICC)? David Morgan
15) The USA uses 29% of the world’s petrol and 33% of the • Who is the Secretary-General of African Union
world’s electricity. (AU)?Bingu wa Mutharika
16) The industrial complex of Cubatao in Brazil is known as • Who is the Chairman of Non-Aligned Movement (NAM)?
the Valley of Death because its pollution has Hosni Mubarak
destroyed the trees and rivers nearby. • Who is the Secretary-General of UNCTAD? Supachai
17) Tibet is the highest country in the world. Its average Panitchpakdi
height above sea level is 4500 meters. • Who is the Chairman of Palestine Liberation Organization
18) Some of the oldest mountains in the world are the (PLO) and President of Palestinian National Authority?
Highlands in Scotland. They are estimated to be about • Mahmoud Abbas
400 million years old. • Who is the Secretary General of OPEC? Abdullah Salem ul
19) Fresh water from the River Amazon can be found up to Badri
180 km out to sea. • Who is the Director-General of International Atomic
20) The White Sea, in Russia, has the lowest temperature, Energy Agency (IAEA)? Yukiya Amano
only -2 degrees centigrade. The Persian Gulf is • Who is the Secretary-General of NATO? Anders Fogh
the warmest sea. In the summer its temperature reaches 35.6 Rasmussen
degrees centigrade. • Who is the Director-General of World Trade Organization
21) There is no land at all at the North Pole, only ice on top (WTO)? Pascal Lamy
of sea. The Arctic Ocean has about 12 million sq • Who is the Secretary-General of INTERPOL? Ronald
km of floating ice and has the coldest winter temperature of - Nobel
34 degrees centigrade. • Who is the Secretary-General of ASEAN? Dr. Surin
22) The Antarctic ice sheet is 3-4 km thick, covers 13 million Pitsuwan
sq km and has temperatures as low as -70 • Who is the Secretary-General of SAARC? Dr. Sheelkant
degrees centigrade. Sharma
23) Over 4 million cars in Brazil are now running on gasohol • Who is the President of International Amateur Athletics
instead of petrol. Gasohol is a fuel made from Federation (IAAF)? Lamine Diack
sugar cane. • Who is the Secretary-General of Amnesty International?
Who is elected as Costa Rica’s first female president? Laura Irene Zubaida Khan
Chinchilla • Who is the President of World Bank (WB)? Robert Zoellick
• Who is the Vice-President of World Bank (IBRD)? Anil • Who is the Managing Director of International Monetary
Sood Fund (IMF)? Dominique Strauss-Kahn
• Who is the Chairman of UN General Assembly? Ali Triki • Which of the following countries has introduced “Direct
• Who is the Director-General of UNESCO? Koïchiro Democracy”? Switzerland
Matsuura • Inflation occurs when aggregate supply is Less than
• Who is the Director-General of FAO? Jacques Diouf aggregate demand •
• Who is the Director-General of (ILO)? Juan Somavia Which of the following crops helps in nitrogen fixation?
• Who is the Executive Director of (UNICEF)? Anthony Beans •
Lake The term “Fourth Estate” refers Press •
• Who is the Director-General of (WHO)? Margaret Chan At which of the following place Rajiv Gandhi died of human
• Who is the UN High Commissioner for Refugees bomb explosion? Sriperumbudur • The Governor General
(UNHCR)? Antonio Gutrres associated with the abolition of slavery was Bentinck.•
• Who is the Administrator of United Nations Development World No-Tobacco Day is observed on May 31 •
Programme (UNDP)? Helen Clerk Which one of the following ecosystems covers the largest
area of the earth’s surface? Marine Ecosystem • The percentage of glucose present in the normal urine is
Thalassaemia is a hereditary disease affecting – Blood • 0.1% •
Polythene is industrially prepared by the polymerization of – Jahangiri Mahal is located in Agra Fort •
Ethylene • The relics of Indus Valley Civilisation indicates that the main
Which one of the following is not the official language of the occupation of the people was Commerce •
United Nations Organisation? Portuguese • Marish traveller, Ibn Batutah, came to India during the time
Biological Oxygen demand (BOD) is used as a standard of Muhammed bin Tughlaq •
measure of Oxygen level in water system • The ancient name of Bengal was Gauda •
Which of the following Crops is of Kharif Season? Soyabean Protective foods in our diet are Proteins and carbohydrates •
• Which of the following types of clothes is manufactured by
By which of the following Acts were the Commercial Rights using petroleum products? Nylon •
of East India Company Abolished? Charter Act of 1833• U Thant Award is given for Social service •
The acronym STD written on Telephone booth stands for Who among the following were popularly known as Red
Subscriber Telephone Dialing • Shirts? Khudai Khidmatgars •
The disease diphtheria affects Throat • The Harry Potter During the period of Renaissance, the new style of
series is written by J K Rowling • architecture first developed in Italy •
The most common communicable disease is Influenza Srinagar is situated on the bank of the river Jhelum •
• Taoism is a school of Chinese philosophy• The canal joining Baltic Sea to North Sea is Kiel Canal •
Hydrogen is used instead of Helium to fill balloons for High pressure subtropical calm belts known as `Horse
meteorology because of its low density • Latitudes’ lies between 30° and 35° •
The most abundant element in the earth’s crust is Oxygen • On 22nd December, which of the following places has the
Stainless steel is an example of a metallic compound • largest day and shortest night? Melbourne •
The International Date Line is the 180° Longitude • Blue Revolution is related to fish production •
Who among the following was the first Maratha Ruler to get Sphere of living matter together with water, air and soil on
legal recognition from the Mughals? Sahuji • the surface of the earth is known as Biosphere •
The average solar day is approximately 24 hrs • What is the birth date of Sonia Gandhi? Answer: 9 December
Cotton is a cellulose fiber• Vitamin D helps in the absorption 1946•
of calcium Who is the IAS Topper in UPSC Civil Services Exam 2010?
• Dengue fever is spread by Aedes aegypti mosquito • Dr Shah Faesal, 26 year-old MBBS graduate•
Genome is the key to tomorrow’s medical practices because Which metal is heavier, silver or gold? Gold•
It provides a new outlook into medicine • Which state is the biggest in the US? Alaska•
Mahatma Gandhi started his struggle against apartheid in What is Aurora Borealis commonly known as? Northern
Natal • Lights•
How may squares are there in a Chess Board? 64 • Which is the non-contagious disease that is the most common
The “stones” formed in human kidney consist mostly of in the world? Tooth Decay •
Sodium chloride • In which country was golf first played? Scotland•
The study which deals with secret writing is known as Which is the sport wherein you would use a “sand iron”?
Cryptology • Golf
The oceans cover ——– of the surface of the earth 71% • • Who was the writer of Alice’s Adventures in Wonderland?
“James Bond” is a character created by Ian Fleming • Lewis Carroll • What is the rhino’s horn made of? Hair•
Bangalore is called the “Silicon Valley of India” • Tea is said to have been discovered in 2737 BC by a Chinese
The role of chlorophyll in photosynthesis is Absorption of emperor •
light • If you were to remove your skin, it would weigh as much as
The first Europeans to start trade relations with India were 5 pounds •
the Dutch • 90 % of all the ice in the world in on Antarctica •
Process of breeding fish in ponds and artificial reservoirs is Antarctica is DRIEST continent. Antarctica is a desert • .
known as Pisciculture • Antarctica is COLDEST continent, averaging minus 76
Why does diamond shine at night? Diamond shines because degrees in the winter • Human thigh bones are stronger than
it has tetrahedral molecular structure • concrete. •
The sea route to India was discovered by the Portuguese • Your heart beats over 100,000 times a day •
Babur entered India for the first time from the west through Fingernails grow nearly 4 times faster than toenails! •
Sind • Honey is the only food that does not spoil. •
Of the total water on the earth, fresh water reserves constitute Earth is the only planet not named after a god. •
approximately 2.7% • There was once an undersea post office in the Bahamas. •
The magnetic effect of electric current was first observed by Penguins are not found in the North Pole •
Oersted • A dentist invented the Electric Chair. •
A whip makes a cracking sound because its tip moves faster Most lipstick contains fish scales. •
than the speed of sound • Orcas (killer whales) kill sharks by torpedoing up into the
Alexander Graham Bell’s wife and mother were both deaf • shark’s stomach from underneath, causing the shark to
Fish scales are an ingredient in most lipsticks • explode. •
Canada” is an Indian word meaning “Big Village”. • Over a course of about eleven years, the sun’s magnetic poles
1.7 liters of saliva is produced each day • switch places. This cycle is called “Solarmax”. •
The Wright Brothers invented one of the first airplanes. It The international telephone dialing code for Antarctica is
was called the Kitty Hawk. • 672. •
Venus is nicknamed the “Jewel of the Sky.” Because of the The average raindrop falls at 7 miles per hour. •
greenhouse effect, it is hotter than Mercury, even though it’s It took Leonardo Da Vinci 10 years to paint Mona Lisa•
not as close to the sun. Venus does not have a moon but it IBM’s motto is “Think”. Apple later made their motto
does have clouds of sulfuric acid! • “Think different”. •
Which strait separates the North and South islands of New A “jiffy” is the scientific name for 1/100th of a second.
Zealand? Cook Strait• • The shortest war in history was between Zanzibar and
In which city is the Doge’s Palace? Venice• England in 1896. Zanzibar surrendered after 38 minutes.
Which continent has the larger land mass: Africa or North • Leonardo Da Vinci invented the scissors, the helicopter,
America? Africa• What name is given to the art of preparing, and many other present day items.
stuffng and mounting the skins of animals to make lifelike • 25% of a human’s bones are in its feet.
models? Taxidermy• • A jellyfish is 95% water.
The name of which Roman god means ‘shining father’ in • The strongest muscle in the human body is the tongue. (the
Latin? Jupiter• Which theoretical temperature corresponds to heart is not a muscle)
minus 273.15 degrees on the Celsius scale? Absolute zero• • Pearls melt in vinegar.
Who wrote Bleak House? Charles Dickens• • Nepal is the only country that doesn’t have a rectangular
Ganymede is a satellite of which planet? Jupiter• flag. Switzerland is the only country with a square flag.
Which city was the first in the world to have a population of • Humans use a total of 72 different muscles in speech.
more than one million? London (circa 1811)• • The male seahorse carries the eggs until they hatch instead
Which was the first element to be created artificially? of the female.
Technetium• • Mercury is the only planet whose orbit is coplanar with its
In computing, what does ISDN stand for? Integrated Services equator. Venus and Uranus are the only planets that rotate
Digital Network• The world’s windiest place is opposite to the direction of their orbit.
Commonwealth Bay, Antartica. • • The city of Venice stands on about 120 small islands.
The desert baobab tree can store up to 1000 litres of water in • The past-tense of the English word “dare” is “durst”.
its trunk. • • Hummingbirds can’t walk.
The USA uses 29% of the world’s petrol and 33% of the • The largest copper producing country in the World is
world’s electricity. • Tibet is the highest country in the world. Chile.•
Its average height above sea level is 4500 meters. • The largest museum in the world is the American Museum of
The White Sea, in Russia, has the lowest temperature, only -2 Natural History. • The lowest mountain range in the world is
degrees centigrade. the Buena Bhaile. •
The Persian Gulf is the warmest sea. In the summer its The country known as the Land of Cakes is Scotland. •
temperature reaches 35.6 degrees centigrade. • The tallest tower in the world is the C. N. Tower, Toronto,
There is no land at all at the North Pole, only ice on top of Canada. •
sea. • The country famous for its fish catch is Japan. •
Over 4 million cars in Brazil are now running on gasohol Montreal is situated on the bank of River Ottawa. •
instead of petrol. Gasohol is a fuel made from sugar cane.• The largest church in the world is Basilica of St. Peter,
US Dollar bills are made out of cotton and linen. • Vatican City, Rome. • The tallest statue in the world is the
Giraffes and rats can last longer without water than camels. • Motherland, Volgograd Russia. •
Your stomach produces a new layer of mucus every two The largest railway tunnel in the world is the Oshimizu
weeks so that it doesn’t digest itself. • Tunnel, Japan. •
A B-25 bomber crashed into the 79th floor of the Empire The Angel Falls is located in Venezuela. •
State Building on July 28, 1945. • The Victoria Falls is located in Rhodesia. •
The Declaration of Independence was written on hemp Ice Cream was discovered by Gerald Tisyum. •
(marijuana) paper. • The dot over the letter “i” is called a Napoleon suffered from alurophobia which means Fear of
tittle. • cats. •
Triskaidekaphobia means fear of the number 13. • The aero planes were used in war for the first time by
The ZIP in “ZIP code” means Zoning Improvement Plan. • Italians. •
Camel’s have three eyelids. • The famous Island located at the mouth of the Hudson River
is Manhattan. • The founder of plastic industry was Leo The popular detective character created by Agatha Christie is
Hendrik Baekeland. • Hercule Poirot. • Yoghurt means Fermented milk. •
The country where military service is compulsory for women Yankee is the nickname of American. •
is Israel. • Victoria Falls was discovered by David Livingstone. •
The country which has more than 10,000 golf courses is The technique to produce the first test tube baby was evolved
USA. • by Patrick Steptoe and Robert Edwards. •
The famous painting ‘Mona Lisa’ is displayed at Louvre The oldest residential university of Britain is the Oxford
museum, Paris. • University. •
The famous words ‘Veni Vidi Vici’ were said by Julius The name of the large clock on the tower of the House of
Caesar. • Parliament in London is called Big Ben.•
The practice of sterilization of surgical instruments was Prado Museum is located in Madrid.•
introduced by Joseph Lister. • The number of keys in an ordinary piano is Eighty eight.
The number of countries which participated in the first • ‘Man is a Tool Making Animal’ was said by Benjamin
Olympic Games held at Athens was nine. • Franklin. •
Mercury is also known as Quick Silver.• The term ‘anesthesia’ was coined by Oliver Wendell Holmes.
Disneyland is located in California, USA. • •
The country which built the first powerful long range rockets The first man to reach Antarctica was Fabian Gottlieb.•
is Germany. • Sewing Machine was invented by Isaac M. The Kilimanjaro volcano is situated in Tanzania. •
Singer. • The invention that is considered to have built America is
Adding Machine was invented by Aldrin. • Dynamite. •
Archimedes was born in Sicily. • What is the full form of GPRS? – General Packet Radio
The largest temple in the world is Angkor Wat in Service •
Kampuchea. • Which was the first university established in the world? –
The largest dome in the world is Louisiana Superdome, New Nalanda University • The country that accounts for nearly
Orleans, USA. The largest strait in the world is Tartar Strait.. one third of the total teak production of the world is
• Myanmar
The largest city of Africa is Cairo. • • The country also known as “country of copper” is Zambia
The Heathrow Airport is located in London. • • The coldest place on the earth is Verkoyansk in Siberia
The neon lamp was invented by Georges Claude. • • The country which ranks second in terms of land area is
The last letter of the Greek alphabet is Omega. • Canada
The US state Utah is also known as Beehive state. • • The largest Island in the Mediterranean sea is Sicily
The Kalahari Desert is located in Africa. • • The river Jordan flows out into the Dead sea
The Patagonian desert is located in Argentina. • • The capital city that stands on the river Danube is Belgrade
The person known as the father of aeronautics is Sir George • The country which is the largest producer of tin in the world
Cayley. • is China
The most densely populated Island in the world is Honshu. • • The river which carries maximum quantity of water into the
The largest auto producing nation is Japan. • sea is the Amazon River29
The famous ‘General Motors’ company was founded by • The city which was once called the `Forbidden City’ was
William Durant. • Peking
The country that brings out the FIAT is Italy. • • The volcano Vesuvius is located in Italy
The first actor to win an Oscar was Emil Jannings. • • The largest bell in the world is theTsar Kolkol at Kremlin,
The first demonstration of a motion picture was held at Paris. Moscow
• • The biggest stadium in the world is the Strahov Stadium,
The first country to issue stamps was Britain. • Prague
The world’s largest car manufacturing company is Toyota • The world’s largest diamond producing country is South
Motors, JAPAN. • The White House was painted white to Africa.
hide fire damage. • • Australia was discovered by James Cook
The largest oil producing nation in Africa is Nigeria. • • Dublin is situated at the mouth of river Liffey
The longest river in Russia and Europe is Volga River. • • The Eiffel tower was built by Alexander Eiffe
The term ‘astrology’ literally means Star Speech. • • The Red Cross was founded by Jean Henri Durant
Togo is situated in Africa.• • The country which has highest population density is
Coal is also known as Black Diamond. • Monaco
The lightest known metal is Lithium. • • The national flower of Britain is Rose
The Atacama Desert is located in North Chile. • • Niagara Falls was discovered by Louis Hennepin
The oil used to preserve timber is Creosote oil. • The national flower of Italy is Lily
The US state known as ‘Land of 1000 Lakes’ is Minnesota. • • The national flower of China is Narcissus
• The gateway to the Gulf of Iran is Strait of Hormuz • The headquarters of the IOC is located at Lausanne.
• The first Industrial Revolution took place in England • Which Olympic Games had to be canceled due to World
• Singapore was founded by Sir Thomas Stamford Raffles War-I? 1916
• The independence day of South Korea is celebrated on15th • Who is the International Olympic Committee President?
August Jacques Rogge
• The first President of Egypt was Mohammed Nequib • Which country led a boycott of the 1980 Olympic games
• The most famous painting of Pablo Picasso was Guermica held in Moscow? USA
• The primary producer of newsprint in the world is Canada • The Commonwealth Games were earlier called British
• The person who is called the father of modern Italy is Empire Sports Festival.
G.Garibaldi • When did the 1st Commonwealth Games take place? 1930
• The founder of modern Germany isBismarck7 • Where was the 1st Commonwealth Games held? Canada
• The founder of the Chinese Republic was San Yat Sen • The Commonwealth Games had to be cancelled during
• The first woman Prime Minister of Britain was Margaret 1942 and 1946.
Thatcher • Normally the Commonwealth Games are held at intervals
• The sculptor of the statue of Liberty was Frederick Auguste of four years.
Bartholdi • In which year were the first Asian Games held? 1951
• John F Kennedy was assassinated by Lee Harvey Oswald • Which country hosted the first Asian Games? India
• The largest river in France is Loire • Hamlet Cup is associated with? Tennis
• The first black person to be awarded the Nobel Peace Prize • Which game is associated with the Walker Cup? Golf
was Ralph Johnson Bunche • Asafa Powell (Jamaica) is associated with Athletics.
• The principal export of Jamaica is Sugar • Wightman Cup is associated with Tennis.
• The largest library in the world is the United States Library • What was the former name of Cricket World Cup?
of Congress, Washington DC Prudential Cup.
• Who was the youngest President of the USA?Theodore • The term “Short Jenney”is associated with Billiards.
Roosevelt • In cricket, Long Top is the position before the bowler.
• Who invented the Light Bulb? Humphry Davy • Geoff Ogilvy is associated with Golf.
• Who invented the washing machine? James King • The term ‘Jump Ball’ in sports is associated with
• Who invented the first electric washing machine? Alva Basketball.
Fisher • The term ‘Bogey’ is associated with Golf.
• Who invented the Vacuum Cleaner? Hubert Booth • The place ‘Epsom’ is associated with Horse Racing.
• Who is the CEO of search company Google? Eric Schmidt • The term ‘Pivot’ is associated with Basketball.
• Who was the first Indian to join the Indian Civil Services? • The term ‘rook’ is associated with Chess.
Satyendranath Tagore • The term ‘stone walling’ is associated with Cricket.
• Which two countries have signed the Nuclear Swap deal • How many players lake part in each team in a volleyball
with Iran? Brazil and Turkey match
• Who is CEO of Yahoo? Carol Bartz played under international rules? 6
• Who is the first man to climb Mount Everest without • How many players are there in each side in a Baseball
oxygen? Phu Dorji match? 9
• How many words can you make from a five letter word by • What is the duration of each period before and after the
shuffling the places of each alphabet? 120 tenminute break in a basketball game? 25 min
• Speed of computer mouse is measured in which unit? • When and where was the game of Volleyball invented?
Mickey USA. 1895
• Barack Obama’s birthday is on which date? August 4, 1961 • How many players are there on each side in a women’s
• Which bird is the international symbol of happiness? Basketball game? 6
Bluebird • U Thant cupis associated with the game of TableTennis.
• Which useful household item is made from naphthalene? • ‘Play the game in the spirit of game’ was said by Pt Nehru.
Mothballs • Who was the first to win Wimbledon Singles title five times
SPORTS General Knowledge in a row? Bjorn Borg
• The first recorded ancient Olympics was held in 776 BC • Football (soccer) is said to have originated in China.
• The ancient Olympic continued till about 394 BC • Lawn tennis is said to have originated in France.
• Who is said to be the rather of modem Olympics? Pierre de • With which sport is the term ‘Chinaman’ associated?
Coubertin Cricket.
• In which year did the first modern Olympic Games take • The ‘Wisden Trophy’ is associated with cricket matches
place? 1896 played England and West Indies.
• In which year was the International Olympic Committee • Which sport returned to Olympics in 1985 after 64 years?
(IOC) formed? 1894 Tennis.
• Which sport was introduced in the 2004 Athens Olympic • Davis Cup competition first held in 1900.
games? Free-style wrestling (women) • Who was the first woman to win an Olympic goldmedal?
• Cricket is the National Game of which country? Australia. Charlothus Cooper.
• What is a Golden Duck in cricket ? Out on first ball. • For which sport the “Nehru Trophy” is given? Hockey.
• The Olympic Flame was, for the first time, ceremonially • Is Davis Cup, a cup? It is a bowl.
lighted and burnt in a giant torch at the entrance of the • Where was the Snooker played for the first time in the
stadium at the Amsterdam Games (1928) world? India.
• The first Winter Olympic Games were held at Chamonix • With which game is the Colombo Cup associated? Foot
(France) in1924. ball.
• Who are the famous three W’s in cricket? Weekes, Walcott, • When were women allowed to take part in the Olympics?
Worrell. 1900
• Who has been chosen as the Wisden Cricketer of the • In which game the expression ‘Banana kick’ is used?
Century? Bradman. Football.
• Who started the ancient Olympic Games? The Greeks. • What is the name of the playing ground where baseball is
• Who has scored the slowest century in tests? Mudassar played? Diamond.
Nazar. • How many holes are there in a golf playground? 18.
• Durand Cup is associated with the game of Football, • ‘Hurlington’ is associated with Polo.
• Merdeka Cup is associated with Football. • Which game is called .the king of Indoor games? Carom.
• Who has scored 400 runs (not out) in a Test inningson April • Who designed Olympic Flag? Pierre de Coubertin
12, 2004? Brian Lara. • Wellington Trophy is associated with Rowing.
• The five intertwined rings or circles found on the Olympic • Who introduced Volleyball? W.G. Morgan.
flag made of white silk are from left to right blue; yellow, • Where was Golf first played? Scotland.
black, green and red. • Where was Ice Hockey started? Canada.
• The Olympic Games are formally held at intervals of Four • Where is the largest gymnasium in the world? USA
years. • Who wrote the book “My Style? Ian Botham.
• Sergei Bubka, an athlete, belongs to Ukraine. • Where was women’s cricket first played? England
• ‘Gambit’ is a term associated with Chess. • When was hockey introduced in the Olympic games? 1908
• Eisenhower Trophy is associated with Golf. • Who composed Olympic motto? Rev. Father Didon.
• ‘Scratch’ is a term associated with Billiards. • Which is the world’s fastest game? Ice Hockey.
• The term ‘Smash’ is associated with Badminton. • Who authored the book “Living for Cricket”? Clive Lloyd.
• ‘Cape Griz Zen Putney Mort-Lake’ is a place associated • The term ‘Huff’ is associated with Draughts.
with Rowing & Swimming. • The term ‘Tee’ is connected with Golf.
• ‘Tobagganing” is a term associated with Skiing. • Which is the national sport of Canada? Lacrosse.
• The term ‘Steeplechase’ is associated with Horse Racing. • “Subroto Cup” is associated with Football.
• The term ‘Ground Stroke’ is associated with Tennis. • Where is the world’s biggest playgroundsituated? Gulmarg
• ‘Bunker and Chukker’ are the two terms associated with • Where is Ferozshah Kotla Stadium? Delhi
Polo. • The term ‘Puck’ is used in which game? Ice hockey.
• ‘Stymied’ is a term associated with Golf. • Who published the book ‘Bible of Cricket’? John Wisden.
• The standard distance to be covered in a marathon race in • In which game the term ‘Coxswain’ is used? Boating.
the Olympics is 26 miles, 385 yards. • The term “Bogey” is associatedwith Golf.
• The place ”Twickenham’ is associated with Rugby • Who was called “The Sportsman Poet”? Lord Tennyson.
Football. • Water Polo is developed in England.
• The trophy known by the name of “Grand Prix” is • Who was John Arlott? Famous cricket broadcaster.
associated with Motor-racing. • In Asia, where was Olympic games first held? Japan
• How many players are there on each side in the game of • Which country won the Davis Cup for the first time in the
Basketball? 5. world? USA
• The height or the net in the centre of the tennis court is 3 ft. • With which game is the Prince of Wales Cup associated?
2 inches. Golf
• The Olympic Flame symbolizes Continuity between the • .King’s Cup is associated with Air Racing.
ancient and modern games. • How many legs does a billiards table have? 8.
• Leroy Burrel is associated with Athletics. • Olympic Games are played in whose honour? Zeus of
• Jules Rimet Cup is associated with Football. Olympus.
• What is the world’s oldest sport? Boxing. • ‘Finesse’ is term associated with Bridge.
• In which game the word ‘carom’ is used? Billiards. • Who was the first Goldmedalist in the modern Olympic
• In which game the word ‘Bull’s Eye’ is used? Rifle games? James Beconollyis.
Shooting. • Paralympics (the equivalent-of the Olympic Games for
disabled people) • NPT Network time protocol
was inaugurated in 1960. • CRT Cathode ray tube
• Where was the Olympic flag first hoisted? Antwerp • SARS Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome
(Belgium). • BOT Built Operate transfer
• What is the colour of the Olympic flag? White • AMU Atomic Mass Unit
• Who is called Typhoon in the world cricket? Tyson • EMF Electromotive force
• Who created a world record for the maximum number of • ADH Anti Diuretic Hormone
dismissals in Test cricket as a wicket keeper? Ian Healy • STP Standard Temperature Pressure
• Where is the biggest stadium in the world? Prague • GeV Giga Electron Volt
• Who became Wimbledon Champion even at the age of 17? • NTP Normal Temperature Pressure
Boris Becker • CRT Cathode Ray Tube
• Who was the only king to win a Cold medal at the • The ore of mercury metal.–cyanabar
Olympics? Constantine • SARS : severe acute respiratory syndrome
• Who created a world record in Test Cricket batting for the • NTP : network time protocol
longest time? Jacques Kallis • RQ : respiratory quotient
• Who invented the Googly? Bosanquer • PVC : polyvinyl chloride
• Ryder Cup is associated with Golf. • NPN : negative positive negative
• ‘Little Slam’ is a term associated with Bridge. • WAN : wide area network
• ‘Arthur Walker Trophy’ is associated with Hockey. • ECG: electro cardio gram
• What is Nelson’s Eye in cricket? 111 • CPU: central processing unit
• Who was the first batsman to be given out by the third • BCG : bacillus of calmette –Guerin
umpire? Sachin Tendulkar • STP standard temperature and pressure/ Shielded Twisted
• Who wrote the book ‘ Farewell to Cricket’? DonBradman Pair
• Which West Indian cricketer was known ‘Big Bird’? Curtly • ATP Adenosine Tri-Phosphate
Ambrose • PNP proton – neutron – proton
• “Ever Onward”is the motto of Asian Games. • [Positive-Negative-Positive (transistor) ]
• The Olympic motto ‘Citius, Altius, Fortius’ means Swifter, • LAN local area network
higher. stronger respeclively. • KWh kilo watt hour
• The First SAF Winter Games were held at Himachal • BTU British Thermal Unit
Pradesh (India) • LDL Low-density lipoprotein
• The term ‘Roll-in’ is associated with hockey • [commonly referred to as bad cholesterol]
• The tennis player, Rafael Nadal, belongs to Spain. • ROM Read only memory
• Who is the first bowler taken hat-trick in the first three balls • MAF million acre feet
of • SONAR Sound Navigation and Ranging
• The match? Chaminda Vaas • LCD=LIQUID CRYSTAL DISPLAY
• The national sport of Turkey is Wrestling. • HDL= HARDWARE DESCRIPTION LANGUAGE/High-
• Shogiis a Japanese form of Chess. Density Lipoprotein
• Who is the first cricketer to reach 10,000 runs in test • UHF= ULTRA- HIGH FREQUENCY
matches? Sunil Gavaskar. • LED= LIGHT EMITTING DIODE
• Soccer World Cup Champion is Spain. • BASIC= BEGGINER’S ALL PURPOSE SYMBOLIC
• Next Soccer World Cup to be played in 2014 in Brazil. INSTRUCTION CODE
• Next Olympic Games are to be played in London in 2012. • HST = HIGH SPEED TECHONOLGY
• Paralympic games will be held in London in 2012. • DBS=DATA BASE SERVER
• Next ICC world cup tournament will be held in 2015, co- • V.L.C.C stands for Very large crude carrier.
hosted by Australia and New Zealand. • VTOL = vertical take off and landing
ABBREVIATIONS • SETI = Search for Extraterrestrial Intelligence = a project to
• VDU = video display unit find Aliens
• CRT = cathode ray tube • Fax is the short form of Facsimile which means identical
• CRO Cathode Ray Oscillator copy
• SARS Severe Accute respitoratry syndrome • SETI => Search for Extraterrestrial intelligence.
• BOT Built operate transfer • On the PH scale what does PH stand for-Potential
• AMU Atomic mass unit Hydrogen
• EMF Electromotive Force or Electromagnetic Field (Most • ABM: Anti Ballistic Missiles
apt is Electromotive Force) ABVP: Akhil Bharatiya Vidyarthi Parishad
• ADH Anti diuretic harmome AC: Alternating Current; Ashoka Chakra
• STP Standard Temperature and Pressure ACU: Asian Currency Union
AD: anno Domini; in the year of Lord Christ BPO: Business Process Outsourcing
ADB: Asian Development Bank BPR: Bottom Pressure Records
ADC: Aide-de-Camp; Access Deficit Charge BRO: Border Road Organisation
ADF: Asian Development Fund BSE: Bombay Stock Exchange
ADS: Air Defence Ship BSF: Border Security Force
AJT: Advanced Jet Trainer BSNL: Bharat Sanchar Nigam Ltd
AG: Accountant General; Adjutant General C
AI: Air India CA: Chartered Accountant
AIDS: Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome CABE: Central Advisory Board of Education
AIIMS: All India Institute of Medical Sciences C & AG: Comptroller & Auditor General
AIR: All India Radio; Annual Information Report CAIR: Centre for Artificial Intelligence and Robotics
AITUC: All India Trade Union Congress CAPART: Council for People’s Action and Advancement of
AJT: Advanced Jet Trainer Rural Technology
ALH: Advanced Light Helicopter CAPES: Computer-Aided Paperless Examination System
AM: ante meridiem; before noon CAS: Chief of Army Staff; Chief of Air Staff; Conditional
AMC: Army Medical Corps; Asset Management Companies Access System
AME: Associate Member of the Institute of Engineers CB: Citizen Band (Radio)
APC: Agricultural Prices Commission CBI: Central Bureau of Investigation
APEC: Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation CBFC: Central Board of Film Certification
APPLE: Ariane Passenger Payload Experiment CCPA: Cabinet Committee on Political Affairs
APPU: Asian Pacific Postal Union CD: Conference on Disarmament
ARC: Asset Reconstruction Company C-DAC: The Centre for Development of Advanced
ARDR: Agricultural and Rural Debt Relief Computing
ASAT: Anti-Satellite weapon CDMA: Code Division Multiple Access
ASC: Army Service Corps CECA: Comprehensive Economic Cooperation Agreement
ASCI: Advanced Strategic Computing Initiative CERN: European Organisation for Nuclear Research
ASCII: American Standard Code for Information (Pronounced CERN in French)
ASEAN: Association of South-East Asian Nations CFC: Chlorofluro Carbon
ASEM: Asia-Europe Meeting CFS: Container Freight Station
ASIMO: Advanced Step in Innovative Mobility CHOGM: Commonwealth Heads of Government Meeting
ASLV: Augmented Satellite Launch Vehicle CIA: Central Intelligence Agency (of U.S.A.)
ASMA: Antarctica Specially Managed Area CIBIL: Credit Information Bureau (India) Ltd
ASSOCHAM: Associated Chambers of Commerce and CIC: Chief Information Commissioner
Industry CID: Criminal Investigation Department
ATA: Air Time Authority; Allen Telescope Array C-in-C: Commander-in-Chief
ATC: Air Traffic Controller cif: cost, insurance and freight
ATM: Automatic Teller Machine CIS: Commonwealth of Independent States
ATR: Action Taken Report CISF: Central Industrial Security Force
ATV: Automatic Transfer Vehicle CITES: Convention on International Trade in Endangered
AUM: Assets Under Management Species
AVC: Army Veterinary Corps CITU: Centre of Indian Trade Unions
AVM: Additional Volatility Margin CLASS: Computer Literacy and Studies in Schools
AWACS: Airborne Warning and Control System CLAWS: Centre for Land Warfare Studies
B CM: Command Module; Chief Minister
BARC: Bhabha Atomic Research Centre CMP: Common Minimum Programme
BBC: British Broadcasting Corporation CNG: Compressed Natural Gas
BC: Before Christ; Board of Control; British Columbia; CNN: Cable News Network
Battery Commander CNS: Chief of the Naval Staff
BCG: Bacillus Calmette Guerin—Anti-Tuberculosis Vaccine CO: Commanding Officer
BICP: Bureau of Industrial Costs and Prices COD: Central Ordnance Depot; Cash on Delivery
BIFR: Board of Industrial and Financial Reconstruction CPCB: Central Pollution Control Board
BIOS: Basic Input Output System CPI: Communist Party of India
BKU: Bharatiya Kisan Union CPI(M): Communist Party of India (Marxists)
BMD: Ballistic Missile Defence System CPU: Central Processing Unit
BOLT: BSE On-Line Trading (System) CR: Central Railway
BOSS: Bharat Operating System Solutions CRAC: Cyber Regulation Advisory Council
CRDi: Common Rail Direct injection ESOP: Employee Stock Option Programme
CRISIL: Credit Rating Information Services of India Limited etc.: et cetera (and other things)
CRM: Customer Relationship Management EU: European Union
CRR: Cash Reserve Ratio EVM: Electronic Voting Machine
CRPF: Central Reserve Police Force F
CSIR: Council of Scientific and Industrial Research FAO: Food and Agriculture Organisation
CTBT: Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty FBI: Federal Bureau of Investigation (of the U.S.A.)
CTT: Commodities Transaction Tax FCNR: Foreign Currency (non-resident) Accounts Scheme
CVRDE: Combat Vehicles Research and Development FDR: Flight Data Recorder; Fixed Deposit Receipt
Establishment FEMA: Foreign Exchange Management Act
D FERA: Foreign Exchange Regulations Act
DA: Dearness Allowance; Daily Allowance FICCI: Federation of Indian Chambers of Commerce and
DAVP: Directorate of Advertising and Visual Publicity Industry
DC: Deputy Commissioner; Direct Current in Electricity FII: Foreign Institutional Investors
DDT: Dichloro-Diphenyl Trichloro-ethane (disinfectant) FIPB: Foreign Investment Promotion Board (of India)
DIN: Director Information Number FLAG: Fibre Optic Link Around the Globe
DM: District Magistrate; Deputy Minister FM: Field Marshal; Frequency Modulated
DMIC: Delhi-Mumbai Industrial Corridor FPSB: Financial Planning Standards Boards (India)
DMK: Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (a regional political FRBM: Fiscal Responsibility and Budget Management
party of Tamil Nadu) FSSA: Food Safety and Standards Authority (of India)
DNA: de-oxyribonucleic acid FTA: Free Trade Area
DO: Demi-official (letter) FTP: File Transfer Protocol
DOD: Department of Ocean Development G
DPEP: District Primary Education Programme GAGAN: GPS-aided Geo-augmented Navigation
DPI: Director of Public Instruction GAIL: Gas Authority of India Limited
DRAM: Dynamic Random Access Memory GAIN: Global Alliance for Improved Nutrition
DRDO: Defence Research and Development Organisation GATS: General Agreement on Trade in Services
DST: Daylight Saving Time GATT: General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade
DRES: Department of Renewable Energy Sources GCA: General Currency Area
DTH: Direct to Home (broadcasting) GCC: Gulf Cooperation Council
E GCM: Greatest Common Measure
ECG: Electro Cardio-gram GEF: Global Environment Fund
ECS: Electronic Clearing Service GHQ: General Headquarters
ECT: Electro-convulsant Therapy (electric shock treatment) GIC: General Insurance Corporation
EDUSAT: Education Satellite GIST: Graphics and Intelligence-based Script Technology
EEG: Electro-encephalography GMPS: Global Mobile Personal Communications System
EET: Exempt Exempt Taxation GMRT: Giant Meterwave Radio Telescope
EFA: Education for All GMT: Greenwich Mean Time
EFF: Extended Fund Facility GNSS: Global Navigation Satellite System
e.g.: exempli gratia; for example GNP: Gross National Product
EHTP: Electronic Hardware Technology Parks GOC: General Officer Commanding
ELISA: Enzyme Linked Immuno Solvent Assay (used for GPO: General Post Office
testing AIDS) GPRS: General Packet Radio System
EMI: Equated Monthly Instalment GPS: Global Positioning System
EMS: European Monetary System GSLV: Geosynchronous Satellite Launch Vehicle
EMU: Electric-Multiple Unit; Extra-vehicular Mobility Unit; GSP: Generalised Special Preferences
(European) Economic and Monetary Union GST: Goods and Service Tax
E & OE: Errors and Omissions Excepted GSTP: Global System of Trade Preferences
EPROM: Erasable Programmable Read Only Memory H
ER: Eastern Railway HAWS: High Altitude Warfare School
ERM: Exchange Rate Mechanism HCF: Highest Common Factor
ERNET: Educational and Research Network HDI: Human Development Index
ESA: European Space Agency HDTV: High Definition Television
ESCAP: Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the HE: His (or Her) Excellency; His (or Her) Eminence; High
Pacific Explosive; Horizontal Equivalent
ESMA: Essential Services Maintenance Act HITS: Headend In The Sky
HMMWV: High Mobility Multipurpose-Wheeled Vehicle INMARSAT: International Maritime Satellite Organisation
HMS: Hybrid Mail Service INMAS: Institute of Nuclear Medicines and Allied Sciences
HP: Himachal Pradesh; Horizontal Plane; Horse Power INS: Indian Naval Ship; Indian Newspaper Society
HTML: Hyper Text Markup Language INSAS: Indian Small Arms System
HTTP: Hypetext Transfer Protocol INSAT: Indian National Satellite
HUDCO: Housing and Urban Development Corporation INTERPOL: International Police Organisation
HVDC: High Voltage Direct Current INTUC: Indian National Trade Union Congress
I IOC: International Olympic Committee
IAAI: International Airport Authority of India IP: Indian Police
IAAS: Indian Audit and Accounts Service IPC: Indian Penal Code
IADF: International Agricultural Development Fund IPCC: Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change
IAEA: International Atomic Energy Agency IPEC: International Programme on Elimination of Child
IAF: Indian Air Force Labour
IAMC: Indian Army Medical Corps IPR: Intellectual Property Right
IAS: Indian Administrative Service IPS: Indian Police Service; Indian Postal Service
IATA: International Air Transport Association IPTV: Internet Protocol Television
IATT: Inland Air Travel Tax IPU: Inter-Parliamentary Union
IBRD: International Bank for Reconstruction and IQ: Intelligence Quotient
Development IR: Infra-red
IBEX: Interstellar Boundary Explorer Mission IRA: Insurance Regulatory Authority
ICANN: Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and IRBM: Intermediate Range Ballistic Missile
Numbers IREP: Integrated Rural Energy Planning
ICAO: International Civil Aviation Organisation IRS: Indian Remote Sensing Satellite; Indian Revenue
ICAR: Indian Council of Agricultural Research Service
ICCR: Indian Council of Cultural Relations ISAF: International Stabilization and Assistance Force (in
ICCW: Indian Council for Child Welfare Afghanistan)
ICDS: Integrated Child Development Service ISC: Inter-State Council
ICJ: International Court of Justice (with Headquarters at the ISCS: Integrated Smart Card System
Hague) ISD: International Subscriber Dialled (telephone)
ICL: Indian Cricket League ISH: Information Super Highway
ICMR: Indian Council of Medical Research ISKCON: International Society for Krishna Consciousness
ICPA: Indian Cricket Players’ Association ISO: International Standardisation Organisation
ICRC: International Committee of the Red Cross ISP: Internet Service Provider
IDA: International Development Association ISRO: Indian Space Research Organisation
IDBI: Industrial Development Bank of India ISS: International Space Station
IDSA: Institute of Defence Studies and Analysis IST: Indian Standard Time
i.e.: id est; that is ISTRAC: ISRO Telemetry, Tracking and Command Network
IEA: International Energy Agency ITDC: Indian Tourism Development Corporation
IES: Indian Economic Service ITO: International Trade Organisation; Income-tax Officer
IEX: Indian Energy Exchange ITU: International Tele-communication Union
IFRS: International Financial Reporting Standard IUC: Interconnect User Charge
IFS: Indian Foreign Service; Indian Forest Service J, K, L
IFTU: International Federation of Trade Unions JCO: Junior Commissioned Officer
IFWJ: Indian Federation of Working Journalists JNNURM: Jawahar Lal Nehru National Urban Renewal
IGNOU: Indira Gandhi National Open University Mission
IIPA: Indian Institute of Public Administration JPC: Joint Parliamentary Committee
IISS: International Institute of Strategic Studies JPEG: Joint Photographic Experts Group
IIT: Indian Institutes of Technology JWG: Joint Working Group
ILO: International Labour Organisation KG: Kindergarten
IMA: Indian Military Academy Kg: Kilogramme
IMET: International Military Education Training Programme KPO: Knowledge Process Outsourcing
IMF: International Monetary Fund LAC: Line of Actual Control
IMO: International Maritime Organisation LCA: Light Combat Aircraft
IN: Indian Navy; Intelligent Network LDC: Least Developed Countries
INA: Indian National Army LHC: Large Hadron Collider
INK: International Newspaper Kiosks LIC: Life Insurance Corporation (of India)
LLP: Limited Liability Partnership NCR: National Capital Region
LOAC: Line of Actual Control NDA: National Defence Academy; National Democratic
LTA: Light Transport Aircraft Alliance
LTTE: Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam NDNC: National Do Not Call (Registry)
M NDPS: Narcotic Drugs & Psychotropic Substances
MAT: Minimum Alternative Tax NDRF: National Disaster Response Force
MER: Mars Exploration Rover NDTL: National Dope Testing Laboratory
MBBS: Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery NeGP: National e-governance Plan
MCF: Master Control Facility NEDB: North-Eastern Development Bank
MEP: Minimum Export Price NEP: National Education Policy
MES: Military Engineering Service NEPA: National Environment Protection Authority
METSAT: Meteorological Satellite NFO: New Fund Offers
MFA: Multi-Fibre Agreement NHDP: National Highways Development Project
MFN: Most Favoured Nation NHRC: National Human Rights Commission
MIP: Moon Impact Probe NIC: National Integration Council
MMS: Multimedia Messaging Service NIFT: National Institute of Fashion Technology
MMTC: Minerals and Metals Trading Corporation of India NIO: National Institute of Oceanography
MNC: Multi-national Corporation NIS: National Institute of Sports
MNIC: Multi-purpose National Identity Card NIT: National Institute of Technology
MODEM: Modulator-Demodulator NLMA: National Literacy Mission Authority
MRI: Magnetic Resonance Imaging NMD: Nuclear Missile Defence
MRTPC: Monopolies and Restrictive Trade Practices NMDC: National Mineral Development Corporation
Commission NPL: National Physical Laboratory
MRTS: Mass Rapid Transit System NPR: National Population Register
MSA: Maritime Safety Agency NPT: (Nuclear) Non-Proliferation Treaty
MSCF: Maritime Security Cooperation Framework NRBI: National Rural Bank of India
Mss: Manuscript NREGA: National Rural Employment Guarantee Act
MTCR: Missile Technology Control Regime NREP: National Rural Employment Programme
MTO: Multilateral Trade Organisation NRF: National Renewal Fund
MVC: Maha Vir Chakra NRI: Non-Resident Indian
MUNO: Maha Vir Chakra NRR: National Reproduction Rate
N NRSA: National Remote Sensing Agency
NAA: National Airport Authority NSA: National Security Act
NABARD: National Bank for Agriculture and Rural NSC: National Service Corps; National Security Council
Development. (It helps rural development by providing re- NSDL: National Securities Depository Limited
finance facility). NSE: National Stock Exchange
NACIL: National Aviation Company of India Ltd NSR: National Skills Registry
NADA: National Anti-Doping Agency NTPC: National Thermal Power Corporation
NAEP: National Adult Education Programme NWDA: National Water Development Agency
NAFTA: North America Free Trade Agreement NWRC: National Water Resources Council
NAG: National Air Guard O
NAM: Non-aligned Movement OAS: Organisation of American States
NAMA: Non-Agriculture Market Access OAU: Organisation of African Unity
NASA: National Aeronautics and Space Administration (of OBC: Other Backward Communities
the U.S.A.) OBU: Offshore Banking Unit
NASDAQ: National Association of Securities Dealers ODA: Official Development Assistance
Automated Quotation ODF: Open Document Format
NATA: Natural Aptitude Test for Architecture ODS: Ozone Depletion Substances
NATO: North Atlantic Treaty Organisation OECD: Organisation of Economic Co-operation and
NAV: Net Asset Value Development
NB: Nota bene; note well, or take notice OGL: Open General Licence
NCA: Nuclear Command Authority OIC: Organisation of Islamic Countries
NCC: National Cadet Corps OIGS: On India Government Service
NCEP: National Committee on Environmental Planning OIL: Oil India Limited
NCERT: National Council of Education Research and OM: Order of Merit
Training ONGC: Oil and Natural Gas Commission
OPEC: Organisation of Petroleum Exporting Countries RSVP: Repondez s’il vous plait (Fr.) reply, if you please
OSCE: Organisation for Security and Cooperation in Europe RTGS: Real Time Gross Settlement System
OSD: Officer on Special Duty S
OXML: Open Extended Marking Language SAARC: South Asian Association for Regional Co-operation
P SAFTA: South Asian Free Trade Area
PAC: Political Affairs Committee; Public Accounts SAIL: Steel Authority of India Limited
Committee SAPTA: SAARC Preferential Trading Agreement
PACER: Programme for Acceleration of Commercial Energy SARS: Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome
Research SATNAV: Satellite Navigation (Initiative)
PAN: Permanent Account Number (of Income-Tax) SAVE: SAARC Audio Visual Exchange
PATA: Pacific-Asia Travel Association SC: Security Council; Supreme Court; Scheduled Caste
PCS: Public Civil Service; Punjab Civil Service SCI: Shipping Corporation of India
PIB: Press Information Bureau SCO: Shanghai Cooperation Organisation
Pin Code: Postal Index Number Code SCOPE: Standing Conference on Public Enterprises
PIO: Persons of Indian Origin SDO: Sub-Divisional Officer
PLF: Plant Load Factor SDR: Special Drawing Rights (created by the World Bank)
PM: Post Meridiem; after-noon; also Postmaster; Prime SEBI: Securities and Exchange Board of India
Minister; post-mortem (after death) SFC: Strategic Forces Command
PMG: Postmaster General SGPC: Shiromani Gurdwara Prabandhak Committee
PN: Participatory Note SIDBI: Small Industries Development Bank of India
PO: Post Office; Postal Order SIT: Special Investigation Team
POPs: Persistent Organic Pollutants; Point of Purchase SITE: Satellite Instructional Television Experiment
POTA: Prevention of Terrorism Act SLR: Statutory Liquidity Ratio
POW: Prisoner of War SMS: Short Messaging Service; Subscriber Management
PP: Public Prosecutor; Particular Person System
PRO: Public Relations Officer SOS: Save Our Souls—distress signal
PS: Post Scriptum; Post Script; written after SPG: Special Protection Group
PSC: Public Service Commission SPIN: Software Process Improvement Networks
PSE: Public Sector Enterprises SPV: Solar Photo Voltaic
PSLV: Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle SQUID: Super-conducting Quantum Interference Device
PTA: Preferential Trade Area SRE: Space Capsule Recovery Experiment
PTI: Press Trust of India SRV: Submarine Rescue Vessel
PTO: Please Turn Over; Privilege Ticket Order SSN: Social Security Number
PUFA: Poly Unsaturated Fatty Acids STARS: Satellite Tracking and Ranging Station
PVC: Param Vir Chakra START: Strategic Arms Reduction Talks
PVSM: Param Vishisht Sewa Medal STEP: Science and Technology Entrepreneurship Park
PWD: Public Works Department STT: Securities Transaction Tax
Q, R SWAN: State-wide Area Network
QMG: Quarter Master General SWIFT: Society for Worldwide Financial
QR: Quantitative Restriction Telecommunications
RAF: Rapid Action Force T
RAM: Random Access Memory TA: Travelling Allowance; Territorial Army
RBI: Reserve Bank of India TAAI: Travel Agents Association of India
RCC: Reinforced Concrete Cement TACDE: Tactics and Air Combat Development
RDF: Rapid Development Force Establishment
RDS: Radio Data Servicing TADA: Terrorist and Disruptive Activities (Prevention) Act
RDSS: Radio Determination Satellite Service TAPS: Tarapur Atomic Power Station
REACH: Rehabilitate, Educate and Support Street Children TB: Tuberculosis
RLO: Returned Letter Office TDC: Transport Development Council
RLV: Reusable Launch Vehicle TDS: Tax Deduction at Source
RPM: Revolution Per Minute TDSAT: Telecom Dispute Settlement Appellate Tribunal
RPO: Recruitment Process Outsourcing; Regional Passport TERLS: Thumba Equatorial Rocket Launching Station
Officer TIFR: Tata Institute of Fundamental Research
RRB: Regional Rural Bank TIN: Tax Information Network
RRPI: Rural Retail Price Index TINXSYS: Tax Information Exchange System
RSS: Rashtriya Swyamsevak Sangh TISCO: Tata Iron and Steel Company
TMC: Terrain Mapping Camera WADA: World Anti-Doping Agency
TMO: Telegraphic Money Order WAP: Wireless Application Protocol
TNT: Tri-nitro-toluene (high explosive) WAVE: Wireless Access for Virtual Enterprise
TPP: 20-Point Programme WDF: Wasteland Development Force
TRAI: Telecom Regulatory Authority of India WEF: World Economic Forum
TRIMs: Trade Related Investment Measures WFP: World Food Programme
TRIPS: Trade Related Intellectual Property Rights WFTU: World Federation of Trade Unions
TRP: Television Rating Points; Tax Return Preparer WGIG: Working Group on Internet Governance
TRYSEM: Training of Rural Youth for Self Employment WIPO: World Intellectual Property Organisation
TTE: Travelling Ticket Examiner WLL: Wireless in Local Loop
TTF: Tourism Task Force WMD: Weapons of Mass Destruction
U WR: Western Railway
UAE: United Arab Emirates WTO: World Trade Organisation (previously called GATT);
UAV: Unmanned Aerial Vehicle also World Tourism Organisation
UF: United Front X, Y, Z
UFO: Unidentified Flying Object XML: eXtensible Markup Language
UGC: University Grants Commission YMCA: Young Men’s Christian Association
ULFA: United Liberation Front of Assam YWCA: Young Women’s Christian Association
UN: United Nations
UNCTAD: United Nations Conference on Trade and
Development
UNDP: United Nations Development Programme
UNEF: United Nations Emergency Force
UNEP: United Nations Environment Programme
UNESCO: United Nations Educational, Scientific and
Cultural Organisation
UNFPO: United Nations Fund for Population Activities
UNHCR: United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees
UNHRC: United Nations Human Rights Commission
UNI: United News of India
UNICEF: United Nations International Children’s
(Emergency) Fund
UNIDO: United Nations Industrial Development
Organisation
UNRRA: United Nations Relief and Rehabilitation
Administration
UNTAC: United Nations Transitional Authority for
Cambodia
UPA: United Progressive Alliance
UPSC: Union Public Service Commission
UPTN: Universal Personal Telephone Number
USA: United States of America
USIS: United States Information Service
V
VAT: Value-added Tax
VC: Vice-Chancellor; Vice Counsel; Victoria Cross; Vir Chakra
VDIS: Voluntary Disclosure of Income Scheme
VHRR: Very High Resolution Radiometer
VIP: Very Important Person
VLSI: Very Large Scale Integration
VOIP: Voice Over Internet Protocol
VPN: Virtual Private Network
VPP: Value Payable Post
VRS: Voluntary Retirement Scheme
VSAT: Very Small Aperture Terminals
W