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Diagram showing structural configuration

Pier assembly U/S end of Barrage

2750 mm 3500 mm

904.000 m E.L. of top pier

903.000 m Water Level

(for gate closed)

Water Level 898.838 m

(for gate open)

Soil Level 890.000 m

0.000 m

2130.000 m

Gate Closed

Gate Open

Outer Side 1

8000 mm

883.000 m Top of pier footing

880.500 m
20250 mm
E.L. of Base of Slab 4000 mm

220.73 kN/sq.m

Density of water 9.81 kN/cu.m. Slope of pier on Toe side


Dry Density of soil 16.5 kN/cu.m. Slope of pier on Heel side

Density of Material of pier 24 kN/cu.m.

Coeff of Friction Between base of slab and soil 0.6

E.L. of Base of Slab 880.500 m

Top of pier footing 883.000 m

E.L. of top pier 904.000 m

Thickness of pier footing 2.750 m

Height of pier 21.000 m

Top width of pier 2750 mm

Total base width 20250 mm

Width of pier Base 2750 mm

Uplift forces (as a percentage of the total forces) = 100.00 % Assumed for most critical conditon

Depth of water (for Piers) for calculation of seismic forces 20.00 m

Length of U/S portion of the pier 26 m

Ce= 0.39

Weight of water on enveloping cylinder 52057.75 kN

Total Horizontal force due to Earthquake (F) 3248.40 kN

F= 124.94 kN/m

Alpha H 0.16

Alpha V 0.08
Design Computations

Load and Moment Calculations ( at Base of Pier and footing )

* all Lever arms and moments are calculated about the outer side 1
Vertical Overturning Stabilizing
S.No. Item Load Horizontal Load Lever Arm Moments Moments

KN/m KN/m m kNm/m. kNm/m.

1 Self Weight of pier

Pier footing 1336.50 10.13 13532.06

Self weight of pier 1 1386.00 1.38 1905.75

Self weight of pier 2 1764.00 14.50 25578.00

Seismic forces due to self weight of pier

Pier footing 213.84 1.25 267.30

Self weight of pier 221.76 13.00 2882.88

Self weight of pier 282.24 13.00 3669.12

2 Water

Pressure on pier 1 1962.00 9.42 18475.50

Pressure on pier 2 -1962.00 9.42 18475.50

Pressure on pier 2 1230.36 8.03 9878.96

Load over pier base 1 1962.00 7.75 15205.50

Load over pier base 2 621.48 18.25 11341.99

Seismic forces

Vertical forces -156.96 7.75 1216.44

-49.72 18.25 907.36

Horizontal forces 124.94 11.32 1414.55

3 Soil Forces

-236.91 3.17 750.20

4 Uplift Forces

Rectangular -4469.68 10.13 45255.52

Total loads 2393.62 1836.24 74088.68 96667.97

Load and Moment Calculations ( Over 2750 thick Outer Pier)

* all Lever arms and moments are calculated about the heel
Vertical Clockwise Anticlockwise
S.No. Item Load Shear Lever Arm Moment Moment

KN/m KN/m m kNm/m. kNm/m.


1 Water

Pressure on pier 1962.00 6.67 13080.00

Seismic forces on pier 124.94 8.57 1070.97

2 Soil Forces

-1347.50 2.33 3144.17

3 Seismic forces due to self weight of pier

Self weight of pier 221.76 10.50 2328.48

Total loads 961.20 3144.17 16479.45

Reinforcement to be provided 0.85 % = 23474 sq.mm/m length

Provide 2 layers of reinforcement as 32 dia bars @ 100 mm c/c

32 dia bars @ 100 mm c/c

Ast provided 16085 sq.mm/m length

Reinforcement Provided 0.58 %

Reinforcement to be curtailed to 2/3rd at 2/3 height from top and to 1/3rd at 1/3 height from top

Shear at the bottom of the pier 1441.80 kN/m

Vu/bd 0.52

Allowable shear stress 0.58 N/sq.mm

Increase in allowable shear stress for a beam under axial compression 1.06 %

Net Allowable shear stress 0.61 N/sq.mm > 0.52 N/sq.mm Safe in shear

Load and Moment Calculations ( Over 3500 thick Middle Pier)

* all Lever arms and moments are calculated about the heel
Vertical Clockwise Anticlockwise
S.No. Item Load Shear Lever Arm Moment Moment

KN/m KN/m m kNm/m. kNm/m.

1 Water

Pressure on pier -1962.00 6.67 13080.00

1230.36 5.28 6495.46

Seismic forces on pier 124.94 8.57 1070.97

3 Seismic forces due to self weight of pier


Self weight of pier 282.24 10.25 2892.96

Total loads -324.46 13080.00 10459.39

Reinforcement to be provided 0.12 % = 4200 sq.mm/m length

Provide 25 dia bars @ 100 mm c/c

Ast provided 4909 sq.mm/m length

Reinforcement Provided 0.14 %

Reinforcement to be curtailed to 2/3rd at 2/3 height from top and to 1/3rd at 1/3 height from top

Shear at the bottom of the pier 486.69 kN/m

Vu/bd 0.1391 N/sq.mm

Allowable shear stress 0.29 N/sq.mm

Increase in allowable shear stress for a beam under axial compression 1.06 %

Net Allowable shear stress 0.31 N/sq.mm > 0.14 N/sq.mm Safe in shear

Above reinforcements to be provided on both sides of the middle piers.

Thickness of piers have been reduced to 2.5 m at the downstream end of the barrage due to the

reduction in water levels at the downstream ends. The piers would be designed for the critical condition
.
when the gates on one of the sides is empty and on the o

The following assumptions have been made for design


1
Angle of internal friction = 32 degrees
2
Dry Density of soil = 16.50 kN/cu m.
3
The net safe bearing capacity has been assumed as 250 kN/sq.m for compacted soil
4
The one side of the pier is assumed empty to design for the most critical

condition of least resistive forces from one side and the maximum water

on the other.

5
As the superimposed loads provide stability to the pier, the superimposed

load chosen is the least dead load that will always act over the wall.

Structural Data (As per Drawing)


1 Clear Span between pier and training wall d/s of barrage 11.0 m

2 Effective span/ bay 13.5 m

3 Height of pier 15.6 m

4 Width of pier training wall at bottom 2.50 m

5 Width of pier -Middle 2.5 m

Elevation Data

1 E.L. of Base of footing 861.95 m

2 E.L. of top of pier footing 864.45 m

3 E.L. of top pier 880.00 m

Material Data

1 Density of water 9.80 kN/cu m.

2 Dry Density of soil 16.50 kN/cu m.

3 Submerged Density of soil 9.80 kN/cu m.

3 Density of Material of pier 25.00 kN/cu m.

Allowable stresses

1 Characteristic strength of Steel fy = 415 N/mm2

2 Compressive strength of Concrete fck = 25 N/mm2

Foundation Data
Net Safe 250 kN/sq m
1 Bearing
o
2 Cohesion between concrete and foundation 0.62 (For = 32 )

3 Thickness of pier footing 2.50 m

4 Total base width 20750.0 mm

Earthquake Data (As per IS 1893-1984)

1 Earthquake zone of the structure Zone V

2 Importance factor for earthquake calculations 1.5

3 Basic horizontal seismic coefficient for zone V 0.08

4 Soil Interaction Factor - 1

5 Design Horizontal seismic coefficient h 0.12