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International Research Journal of Engineering and Technology (IRJET) e-ISSN: 2395-0056

Volume: 05 Issue: 02 | Feb-2018 www.irjet.net p-ISSN: 2395-0072

EXPERIMENTAL INVESTIGATION IN DEVELOPMENT LOW COST CONCRETE BY


USING BRICK POWDER AND QUARTZ DUST

B.Venkata Srinivasarao

M.Tech scholar, Department of Civil Engineering, Chintalapudi Engineering College, Ponnur,


Andhra Pradesh (India)
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ABSTRACT: Concrete is generally used construction strength and durability properties of these materials is
material today in any structure. Increase in construction carried out. Also suitable measures have to be adopted for
activities has lead to an increase in demand for various raw attaining the target strength. Quartz is commonly used in the
materials in concrete. This lead to researchers to focus on the industries for the production of ceramics and glass and the
use of alternate materials as ingredients in the concrete that is by-product are often dumped as wastes. In India, industries
in no way inferior to the normal materials used in concrete. By and informal sectors recycle about 15-20% of solid waste in
partially replacing the ingredients with different proportions various building material. In developing countries, Quartz
the strength of concrete can be determined. In recent years dust and brick type waste material can be used as a
there has been a great deal of interest and support worldwide construction material. It has the advantage of reduction of
in utilizing Industrial and construction demolition waste such cost and it also serve as a means of disposal or say recycling
as ceramic as well as clay brick debris for production of of waste. In this paper normal fine aggregates and cement
aggregate material which can be reuse for road base courses are replaced by crushed clay brick and quartz dust and cubes
and construction backfill materials and also for other have been casted to their designed compressive strength and
engineering purposes. However, they can be also used as other physical properties.
supplementary Cementitious materials or even as raw
material for alkali-activated binder for producing more Infrastructure development across the world created
valuable binders that can be applied in various building demand for construction materials. Concrete is the premier
applications. In the present case study Research is being civil engineering construction material. Two billion tons of
carried out on the utilization of waste products in concrete as aggregate are produced each year in the United States.
a replacement for natural sand and cement. The physical Production is expected to increase to more than 2.5 billion
analysis like grain size analysis is carried out to determine the tons per year by the year 2020. Similarly, the consumption of
utility size i.e. whether it can be replaced for sand or cement. the primary aggregate was 110 million tons in the UK in year
In this study both fine aggregate and cement is replaced with 1960 and reached nearly 275 million tons by 2006. Use of
quartz and clay bricks simultaneously and also fine aggregate natural aggregate in such a rate leads to a question about the
alone is replaced with different proportions of quartz and clay preservation of natural aggregates sources. In addition,
bricks. After the experimental analysis and testing it is found operations associated with aggregate extraction and
that an optimum replacement of 5% of fine aggregate and 5% processing are the principal causes of environmental
of cement is possible and also replacing the fine aggregate concerns. In light of this, in the contemporary civil
alone gives better results. engineering construction, using alternative materials in
place of natural aggregate in concrete production makes
Keywords: Quartz dust, Brick powder, Concrete sp 25, concrete as sustainable and environmentally friendly
Compressive & Tensile strength. construction material.

1. Introduction: 1.2 Construction and Demolition Waste in India:

With quick urbanization the quantum of construction &


The growing concern of resource depletion and global
demolition waste (C&D Waste) is continuously increasing.
pollution has challenged many researchers to seek and
While it is estimated that the construction industry in India
develop new materials relying on renewable resources.
generates about 10-12 million tons of Construction and
These include the use of by-products and waste materials for
Demolition (C&D) waste annually, efforts to manage and use
building construction. The high cost of regular building
this waste is very petite. This has led to Private contractors
materials is a central point influencing development in India.
utilising unempirical dumping methods there-by putting
In creating nations where plentiful rural and modern Waste
harsh pressure on scarce urban land as well as dropping life
are released these include the use of by-products and waste
spans of landfills.
materials for building construction. Therefore an attempt
has been made in this study to utilize the Quartz dust and
disintegrated or waste clay brick powder is used as a partial
replacement of fine aggregate and cement in the
development of low cost concrete. So a study on various

© 2018, IRJET | Impact Factor value: 6.171 | ISO 9001:2008 Certified Journal | Page 722
International Research Journal of Engineering and Technology (IRJET) e-ISSN: 2395-0056
Volume: 05 Issue: 02 | Feb-2018 www.irjet.net p-ISSN: 2395-0072

Table 1. Physical Properties of O.P.C (Ordinary


Portland cement)

S.No. Property Test Method Test Result


Initial Setting Vicat apparatus
1
time (IS 4031-Part 5) 42 min
Normal Vicat apparatus
2
Consistency (IS 4031-Part 4) 33 %
Sieve test on
3 Fineness sieve no.9 (IS 7% Residue
4031-part11)
Specific Gravity Specific gravity
4
of Cement bottle 3.05
Final setting 308min
Figure 1. Construction waste 5 Vicat apparatus
time

Fine aggregate: Fine aggregate used in the experiments was


locally available river sand conforming to IS 383- 1970(6).
The physical properties of the fine aggregates were tested in
accordance with IS 2386(10).

Table 2.Physical properties of Fine Aggregate

S. No. Property Test Method Value


Sieve analysis
Fineness
1 (IS 2386-1963 Part 3.13
modulus
2)
Specific Pycnometer (IS
2 2.6
gravity 2386-1963 Part 3)
1.3 Objective of research Bulk density (IS 2386-1963 Part
3 1830
(kg/m3) 3)
Objectives of the experimental investigation are as follows: Water (IS 2386-1963 Part
1.02%
4 absorption 3)
1) To study the properties of fresh concrete this is cast by
using quartz dust and brick powder.
Coarse Aggregate:
2) To study mechanical properties such as compressive and
split tensile strength at the end of 7 and 28 days of curing by The coarse aggregate used in this study was crushed granite
partially replacing cement and fine aggregate with quartz of maximum size 20 mm obtained from the local crushing
dust and brick powder under normal curing with chemical plant. The physical properties of the coarse aggregate were
admixture. tested in accordance with IS 2386(10)
3) To investigate the possibility of the combination of quartz
Table 3 Physical properties of Coarse Aggregate
dust and brick powder in concrete by determining its
(20mm)
compressive and split tensile strength.
4) To reduce environmental pollution by utilizing waste S.No. Property Test Method Value
material in concrete.
Fineness Sieve analysis 4.23
1 modulus (IS 2386-1963
2. Material and methodology
Part 2)
The materials used in this experiment were Cement, fly ash, Specific gravity Pycnometer 2.73
Sand, coarse aggregate, coconut shell and water. 2 (IS 2386-1963
Part 3)
Cement: OPC 53 grade cement from a single batch will be Bulk density 1340
used throughout the course of the project work. The (IS 2386-1963
3 (kg/m3)
properties of cement used are shown in table below. Part 3)

© 2018, IRJET | Impact Factor value: 6.171 | ISO 9001:2008 Certified Journal | Page 723
International Research Journal of Engineering and Technology (IRJET) e-ISSN: 2395-0056
Volume: 05 Issue: 02 | Feb-2018 www.irjet.net p-ISSN: 2395-0072

Brick Powder: Table 5. Properties of Quartz

Brick powder is obtained from the demolition squander also Properties Quartz
the waste bricks are obtained from garbage of a broken Specific gravity 2.56
building. The collected waste bricks are to be crushed in to
powder to get the particle passing through 75 micron sieve Bulk density 1340kg/m3
to get the grading of cement. Percentage of Void 46.58%
Fineness modulus 3.38

Water:

Normal portable water obtained from Municipal water


supply was used for the experiment.

CHEMICAL ADMIXTURE:

CEMCRETE SP25:

The basic components of CEMCRETE SP are synthetic


polymers, which allow mixing water to be reduced
considerably and concrete strength to be enhanced
Figure 3. Brick waste samples significantly, particularly at the early ages. CEMCRETE SP is
chloride free product.
Table 4.Properties of brick
Colour Brown
Properties Brick Specific gravity 1.20+0.035
Specific gravity 2.52 Chloride content Nil to BS 5075 to I.S:456-78
Bulk density 970kg/m3 Nitrate content Nil
Percentage of Void 61.58% Freezing point 0°C
Fineness modulus 2.783 Air entrainment Maximum 0.5%

Quartz: 3. Normal concrete Mix design:

Quartz, most ordinary of all minerals is self-possessed of Concrete mix design is defined as the appropriate selection
silicon dioxide, or silica, SiO2. It is an vital component of and proportioning of constituents to produce a concrete with
igneous and metamorphic rocks. The size varies from pre-defined characteristics in the fresh and hardened states.
specimens weighing a metric ton to minute particles that
shine in rock surfaces. The crushed quartz powder used in In the present study M30 grade concrete is used for the
the experiments is in a form of white powdered quartz flour, water cement ratio of 0.45
which replaces fine aggregate from the standard concrete.
The particle size used ranges from 10 to 45μm. Table 7 MIX DETAILS FOR M30 CONCRETE
(1:1.58:2.85)
Compressive strength of cubes for 7 & 28 days.

Sample 7days (KN/m2) 28 days (KN/m2)


NC 32.76 36.07
RSCC 37.26 43.27
RSC1 39.12 43.95
RSC2 36.58 41.75
RSC3 38.49 42.07
RSC4 37.22 40.73
RSC5 36.58 40.02
Figure 4. Quartz powder

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International Research Journal of Engineering and Technology (IRJET) e-ISSN: 2395-0056
Volume: 05 Issue: 02 | Feb-2018 www.irjet.net p-ISSN: 2395-0072

The following graph showing the values of normal and


different replaced proportions of Split Tensile strength of
concrete for 7 & 28 days and it shows that optimum value
and at sample RSC1 which is 5%Quartz + 5% Grog replaced
for sand gives high strength when compare with the rest of
the samples.

Result:

The Test results shows that the values of normal and


different replaced proportions of Compressive strength of
concrete for 7 & 28 days and it shows that RSCC sample has
optimum value and at sample RSC1 which is 5%Quartz + 5%
Grog replaced for sand gives high strength when compare
with the rest of the samples.

4. Conclusion:
Figure 5.Compressive strength of samples at 7 & 28
days The purpose of the research is to determine the mechanical
properties of concrete specimens in which fine aggregate
The following graph showing the values of normal and and cement are replaced with quartz dust and brick powder.
different replaced proportions of Compressive strength of And also fine aggregate alone is replaced with different
concrete for 7 & 28 days and it shows that RSCC sample has percentage of quartz and brick powder.
optimum value and at sample RSC1 which is 5%Quartz + 5%
Grog replaced for sand gives high strength when compare 1. Optimum replacement is possible at 5% for fine aggregate
with the rest of the samples. and cement with quartz and brick powder

Split Tensile Strength of different proportional of 2. Compressive strength of concrete with optimum
replacement at 7 days and 28 days of water curing is 36.26
concrete for 7 and 28 days.
N/mm2 and 43.27 N/mm2.

Sample 7days (KN/m2) 28 days (KN/m2) 3. Compressive strength of concrete with replacement of
NC 2.01 2.38 sand by 5% quartz and 5% brick powder at 7 days and 28
days water curing is 39.12 N/mm2 and 43.95 N/mm2.
RSCC 2.82 3.06
RSC1 2.69 2.88 4. Compressive strength of concrete with replacement of
sand by 10% quartz and 5% brick powder at 7 days and 28
RSC3 2.83 3.02
days water curing is 36.58N/mm2 and 41.75 N/mm2.
RSC4 2.38 2.50
5. Compressive strength of concrete with replacement of
RSC5 2.41 2.63
sand by 10% quartz and 10% brick powder at 7 days and 28
days water curing is 38.49N/mm2 and 43.15 N/mm2.
6. Compressive strength of concrete with replacement of
sand by15% quartz and 5% brick powder at 7 days and 28
days water curing is 37.22N/mm2 and 40.73 N/mm2.
7. Compressive strength of concrete with replacement of
sand by 15% quartz and 10% brick powder at 7 days and 28
days water curing is 36.58N/mm2 and 40.02 N/mm2.
8. Splitting tensile strength of specimens with optimum
replacement at 7 days and 28 days water curing is
2.82N/mm2 and 3.96 N/mm2 which is greater than that of
control specimens.
9. The compressive strength results suggest that 5% of both
fine aggregate and cement can be simultaneously replaced
with quartz and brick powder respectively. It also shows that
Figure 6. Split Tensile strength of samples at 7 & 28 up to 25% of fine aggregate alone can replace with different
days percentages of brick powder and quartz.

© 2018, IRJET | Impact Factor value: 6.171 | ISO 9001:2008 Certified Journal | Page 725
International Research Journal of Engineering and Technology (IRJET) e-ISSN: 2395-0056
Volume: 05 Issue: 02 | Feb-2018 www.irjet.net p-ISSN: 2395-0072

5. Reference:

1. Gunalaan Vasudevan,Seri Ganis Kanapathy pillay


“Performance ofUsing Waste Glass Powder In
Concrete AsReplacement Of Cement”American
journal of engineering research.

2. Mr.Anjan kumar M U, Dr. Asha Udaya Rao, Dr.


NarayanaSabhahit” Reactive Powder Concrete
Properties With Cement Replacement Using Waste
Material” International Journal of Scientific &
Engineering Research.

3. S.P. Gautam, Vikas Srivastava and V.C. Agarwal “Use


of glass wastes as fine aggregate in Concrete” J.
Acad. Indus.

4. IS 12269-1987 “Indian Standard specification for 53


grade ordinary Portland cement “Bureau of Indian
Standards , New Delhi,1997.

5. IS 383-1970 “specifications for course aggregate


and fine aggregates from natural sources for
concrete” Bureau of Indian Standards, New Delhi,
1997.

6. IS 10262-2009 “Indian Standard recommended


guidelines for concrete mix.

6. BIOGRAPHIES:

B. Venkatasrinuvasarao is currently doing


his M.Tech in Structural Engineering from
Chintalapudi Engineering College

K. Saibabu is currently working as Asst


Professor in Chintalapudi Engineering
College. He has 3 years Experience in
Teaching & Research.

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