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DESCRIPTIVE TEXT

MY SELF

My name is moch setiawan hakam.you can call me wawn.I live in ciliwung steert
no14.Iam fourteen years old.my hoby is fotball.Iam very like eating mi pangsit.Istudy in
5 junior high school bwi

GENERIC STRUCTURE:

1.Tittle:my self

2.Idenfication:my name is moch setiawan hakam.I live in ciliwung steert no 14.Iam


fourteen years old

3.Descrptive:I live in ciliwung steert no 14.I am fourteen years old.my hoby is fotball .I
am very like eating mie pangsit.I study in 5 junior high scho
my family

I have one brother his name muhammad selfis haqiqi.he is twenty years old.he studies
at the university in the thrid grade.his hoby fishing.he likes eating tempe bacem very
much My father is slamet suroso.he works at gonverment of banyuwangi.he is suxty one
years old.he likes eating bakso and he likes fishing very much.but he pass away a year
ago and my mother is siti nafisah she works as teacher she teaches at the kinder
garden.she is five ty six years old.she like cooking very much.after my father passed
away my mother sall something,like banana fried,pastel,ladrang,for adding salary

GENERIC STRUCTURE:

1:Tittle:my family

2:Idenfication:I have very simple family comprise of:my brother,father and mother

3.Descriptive: I have one brother his name muhammad selfis haqiqi.he is twenty years
old.he studies at the university in the thrid grade.his hoby fishing.he likes. My father is
slamet suroso.he works at gonverment of banyuwangi.he is suxty one years old.he likes
eating bakso and he likes fishing very much.but he pass away a year ago and my mother
is siti nafisah she works as teacher she teaches at the kinder garden.she is five ty six
years old.she like cooking very much
REPORT TEXT
CROCODILES

Crocodiles (subfamily Crocodylinae) or true crocodiles are large aquatic reptiles that
live throughout the tropics in Africa, Asia, the Americas and Australia. Crocodylinae,
all of whose members are considered true crocodiles, is classified as a biological
subfamily. A broader sense of the term crocodile, Crocodylidae that includes
Tomistoma, is not used in this article. The term crocodile here applies only to the
species within the subfamily of Crocodylinae. The term is sometimes used even more
loosely to include all extant members of the order Crocodilia, which includes
Tomistoma, the alligators and caimans (family Alligatoridae), the gharials (family
Gavialidae), and all other living and fossil Crocodylomorpha.

Although they appear to be similar to the untrained eye, crocodiles, alligators and the
gharial belong to separate biological families. The gharial having a narrow snout is
easier to distinguish, while morphological differences are more difficult to spot in
crocodiles and alligators. The most obvious external differences are visible in the head
with crocodiles having narrower and longer heads, with a more V-shaped than a U-
shaped snout compared to alligators and caimans.

GENERIC STRUCTURE

1.Tittle:crocodiles

2.General clasification: Crocodiles (subfamily Crocodylinae) or true crocodiles are large


aquatic reptiles that live throughout the tropics in Africa, Asia, the Americas and
Australia.

3.Descriptive: Although they appear to be similar to the untrained eye, crocodiles,


alligators and the gharial belong to separate biological families. The gharial having a
narrow snout is easier to distinguish, while morphological differences are more difficult
to spot in crocodiles and alligators. The most obvious external differences are visible in
the head with crocodiles having narrower and longer heads, with a more V-shaped than
a U-shaped snout compared to alligators and caimans.
PROCEDURE TEXT
1.Gal: How to make avocado juice

2:Materials: 1.Tools: blender,glass,spoon,knife

2:Ingredients:avocado fruit,milk,water

3.steps: first.prepare all the materials

Scond.take avocado fruit

Then.peel the fruit and cut it

Next,input the blender then turn on the blender

Finally,pour in to glass then drink


TENSES
1.PRESENT CONTINUOUS

Menyatakan perbuatan/kejadian yang sedang di lakukan

(+)subject+am/is/are+ving

(-)subject+am/is/are+not+ving

(?)am/is/are+subject+ving

Example:

(+)you are studying

(-)you are not studying

(?)are you studying

2.PAST CONTINUOUS

Bentuk waktu lampau sedang berlangsung

(+)subject+was/were+ving

(-)subject+was/were+not+ving

(?)was/were+subject+ving

Example:

(+)was playing chess last night

(-)I was not playing chess last night

(?)was I playing chess last night


3.SIMPLE PRESENT TENSE

Menyatakan perbuatan/kejadian kebiasaan

(+)subject+v1

(-)subject+tobe1+not+v1

(?)tobe1+subject+v1?

Example:

(+)Iam fotball player in the school yard

(-)Iam not fotball player in the school yard

(?)am I fotball player in the school yard

4.SIMPLE PAST TENSE

Menyatakan perbuatan /kejadian di waktu lampau

(+)subject+v2

(-)subject+did`nt+v1

(?)did+subject+v1?

Example:

(+)they visited rafif

(-)they did`nt visit rafif

(?)did they visit rafif


5.SIMPLE FUTURE TENSE

Menyatakan perbuatan yang akan datang/masa depan

(+)subject+shall/will+v1

(-)subject+sahn`t/won`t+v1

(?)shall/will+subject+v1

Example:

(+)we shall drive to jember tomorrow

(-)we shan`t drive to jember

(?)shall we drive to jember?

6.SIMPLE PAST FUTURE

Bentuk waktu akan datang lampau

(+)subject+would/should+v1

(?)would/should+subject+be

Example:

(+)after the cat eats,it would go to sleep

(-)after the cat eats,it would not go to sleep

(?)after the cat eats,would it go to sleep

7.PRESENT PERFECT CONTINUOUS

Menyatakan perbuatan yang telah atau sudah dikerjakan

(+)subject+have/has+v3

(-)subject+haven`t/hasn`t+v3

(?)have/has+subject+v3

Examle: (-)he shan`t cleaned his shoes

(+)he has cleaned his shoes (?)has he cleaned his shoes?


8.PAST PERFECT

Bentuk waktu lampau telah selesai

(+)subject+had+v3

(-)subject+had+not+v3

(?)had+subject+v3

Example:

(+)I have visited him

(-)I had not visited him

(?)had I visited him

9.PRESENT PERFECT CONTINUOUS

Bentuk waktu selesai sekarang yang masih berlangsung

(+)subject+have/has+benn+verbing

(-)subject+has/have+not+been`t+verbing

(?)have/has+subject+been+vering

Example:

(+)he has been learning english

(-)he has not been learning english

(?)has he been learning english

10.PAST PERFECT CONTINUOUS

(+)subject+had+been+ving

(-)subject+had+not+been+ving

(?)subject+had+been+verbing

Example: (-)you had not been eating

(+)you had been eating (?)had you been eating


11.FUTURE PERFECT CONTINUOUS

Bentuk waktu selesai akan datang yang berlangsung

(+)subject+shall/will+have been+verbing

(-)subject+shall/wil+not+have been+verbing

(?)shall/will+subject+have been+verb ing

Example:

(+)tomorrow my aunt wiil have been living in jember for one mounth

(-)tomorrow my aunt wiil not have been living in jember for one mounth

(?)will tomorrow my aunt have been living in jember for on mounth

12.FUTURE PAST PERFECT CONTINUOUS

(+)subject+would/should+have been+verbing

(-)subject+would/should+not+have been+verbing

(?)would/should+subject+havee been+verbing

Example:

(+)I would have been calling him

(-)I would not heve been calling him

(?)would I have been calling him

13.FUTURE PERFECT

Bentuk waktu akan datang telah selesai

(+)subject+shaal/will+have+v3

(-)subject+shall/will+not+have+v3

(?)shall/will+subject+have+v3 (-)she will not have bought a new laptop

Example: (-)will she have bought a new laptop

(+)she will have bought a new laptop


14.FUTURE PAST PERFECT

Bentuk waktu selesai yang akan datang di masa lampau

(+)s+would/should/could/may/might/must/+have+v3

(-)s+would/should/could/may/might/must/+have+v3

(?)would/should/could/may/might/must/+s+have+v3

Example:

(+)she would have worked

(-)she would not have worked

(?)would should have worked


FUNCTIONAL TEXT
1. Pengertian Functional Text

Functional text di dalam bahasa Inggris didefinisikan sebagai sebuah text yang
memberikkan informasi mengenai sesuatu hal di dalam kehidupan sehari-hari.
Functional text karena penggunaanya disesuaikan dengan fungsi-fungsi tertentu. Contoh
functional text antara lain adalah, pengumuman, iklan, undangan, poster film, resep,
ulasan produk, ulasan aplikasi, dan pedoman teknis penggunaan produk.

CONTOH FUNCTIONAL TEXT:

Greeting card artinya kartu ucapan. Kartu ucapan digunakan untuk mengucapkan
sesuatu kepada seseorang lewat sebuah kartu. Beberapa contoh greeting card
diantaranya mengucapkan:

 Happy mother’s day!


NARATIVE TEXT
The Ant and the Grasshopper

In a field one summer’s day a Grasshopper was hopping about, chirping and singing
to its heart’s content. An Ant passed by, bearing along with great toil an ear of corn
he was taking to the nest.
“Why not come and chat with me,” said the Grasshopper, “instead of toiling and
moiling in that way?”
“I am helping to lay up food for the winter,” said the Ant, “and recommend you to do
the same.”
“Why bother about winter?” said the Grasshopper; we have got plenty of food at
present.” But the Ant went on its way and continued its toil.
When the winter came the Grasshopper found itself dying of hunger, while it saw the
ants distributing, every day, corn and grain from the stores they had collected in the s
GENERIC STRUCTURE:

1TIttle:in a field one sumer day

2orientation:who:ant:hard work

Grasshopper:careles

Where:forest

When:one summer day

3.complication:what:hard working ant and careles grasshopper

Why:grasshopper didnot prepare food and then he died

4.resolution:how:eventually grasshopper died of starvation

5.re orientation:moral value:trouble is hard before then have fun later


RECAUNT TEXT
A TRIP TO BOROBUDUR TEMPLE

Last week, I spent my holiday in Jogjakarta. I went to Borobudur Temple. My family


and I went there early morning.

We went to Borobudur Temple by private car. I had prepared everything before we went
to Jogja. While we were driving, we could see some beautiful views of mountains,
forests, and waterfalls.

My family and I arrived at Borobudur Temple at 11:30 in the afternoon. There, I saw
many tourists. Borobudur Temple was crowded in that holiday vacation. I could learn
and practice speaking English with one of foreign tourists. His name was Jack. He was
very friendly. It was my first time to speak English with foreign tourist.

GENERIC STRUCTURE:

1.Tttle:a trip to borobudur temple

2.Orientation: Last week, I spent my holiday and went to Borobudur Temple.

3.Event: We went to Borobudur Temple by private car

4.Re orientation: It was a very interesting vacation


EXPRESSION
1.Expression Of Introduction

Expressi ini digunakan untuk menyatakan perkanalan kepada orang baru.

Contoh :

 Let me introduce my self, my name is yona may rahayu (izinkan aku


mengenalka diriku sendiri, nama ku adalah yona may rahayu)
 allow me introduce my mom to you (izinkan aku mengenalkan ibuku padamu)
 I’d like to introduce myself (aku akan mengenalkan diriku padamu)

2.Expression Of Greeting

Expression of greeting digunakan untuk menyapa orang.

Contoh :

 Hello, Dona how is your life? (halo dona, bagaimaa hidupmu?)


 Good bye mike, we will meet soon (selamat tinggal mike, kami akan bertemu
segera)
 I am very happy to meet you now (aku sangat bahagia untuk bertemu dengan mu
sekarang?)

3.Expression Of Gratitude

Expression of gratitude merupakan expresi yang digunakan untuk menunjukan


penghargaan.

Contoh :

 Congratulation for your graduation (selamat atas kelulusan mu)


 Happy birthday Dona! (selamat ulangtahun dona!)
 Have a nice day honey (selamat bersenang senang sayang)
4.Expression Of Apology

Expression apology digunaka untuk menunjukan expresi maaf.

Contoh :

 I am sorry for my attitude (aku minta maaf atas tingkahku)


 please, forgive me (tolong maafkan aku)
 I hope she forgive me (aku berharap dia memaafkan aku)

5.Expression Ability and Disability

Digunakan untuk mengekspresikan mampu dan ketidakmampuan.

Contoh :

 Yes, I can come to your house (ya, aku dapat datang kerumah mu)
 No, I can not move here (tidak, aku tidak dapat pindah kesini)
 Yes, I ca (ya, aku bisa)

6.Expression Of Certainty and Uncertainty

Digunakan untuk menyatakan pasti dan ketidakpastian.

Contoh :

 I am sure I can do that (aku yakin aku dapat melakukan nya)


 I doubt you (aku ragu padamu)
 she doesn’t know about that story (dia tidak tau tentang cerita itu)

7.Expression Of Agreement Dan Disagreement

Expressi yang digunakan untuk menyatakan persetujuan dan tidak setuju.

Contoh :

 I don’t think so (aku tidak berfikir begitu)


 You are right (kamu benar)
 I absolutely agree about your reason (aku benar-benar setuju dengan alasan mu)
8.Expression Of Like and Dislike

Digunakan untuk menyatakan expresi suka dan tidak suka terhadap suatu hal.

Contoh :

 I Like this song (aku suka lagu ini)


 she doesn’t like this food (dia tidak suka makanan ini)
 they like me (mereka menyukai ku)

9.Expression Of Opinion

Expression of opinion digunakan untuk menyatakan pendapat.

Contoh :

 I think she is beautiful (aku pikir dia cantik)


 let’s talk about this story (ayo kita bicara tentang cerita ini)
 please give me suggestion (tolong berikan aku saran)

10.Expression Of Asking And Offering

Expressi untuk bertanya atau menawarkan sesuatu hal.

Contoh :

 May I borrow your handphone? (bolehkan aku meminjam hape mu?)


 will you call me? (maukah kamu menelepon ku?)
 No smoking in this room! (jangan merokok di ruangan ini)

11.Expression Of Warning

Digunakan untuk menyatakan peringatan dalam bahasa inggris.

Contoh :

 Be careful with this animal (hati-hati dengan binatang ini)


 watch out! (awas!)
12.Expression Of Preference

Digunakan untuk menyatakan suka dan tidak suka dalam bahasa inggris.

Contoh :

 I like thos music better than that musk (aku suka musik ini dibandingkan musik
itu)
 I prefer drinking a cup of coffee to a cup of tea (aku lebih suka minum secangkir
kopi daripada secangkir teh)