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cause electrons to be liberated.


                                                                                                                                                       

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= 2.28 x 1.6x10 = 3.65x10
                                                                                                                                                       

E= hf
                                                                                                                                                       

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t= 0.80/330 = 2.4x10 s
                                                                                                                                                     

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The mean velocity of the charge carriers.


                                                                                                                                                     

                                                                                                                                                     

                                                                                                                                                     

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the velocity for X is half the velocity for Y.
                                                                                                                                                       

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The resistance of Y is greater than the resistance of X. This


                                                                                                                                                       

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The maximum length is directly proportional to the area.
                                                                                                                                                       

                                                                                                                                                       

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pl/A=R -8
                                                                                                                                                     

R= 1.68x10Ωm x 80m / 1.0x10 m


= 1.34Ω
                                                                                                                                                     

                                                                                                                                                     

                                                                                                                                                     

                                                                                                                                                     

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3RWHQWLDO GLIIHUHQFH                                                                                       

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To prevent the user using a resistance too high, meaning


                                                                                                                                                     

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y intercept is ɛ which is about 4.0V


                                                                                                                                                       

gradient is the r value which is 0.3/0.16 = -1.9Ω


                                                                                                                                                       

                                                                                                                                                       

                                                                                                                                                       

                                                                                                                                                       

                                                                                                                                                       

                                                                                       

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the y axis from 3.0 to 3.75V as this will allow plots to be made
                                                                                                                                                       

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Change in direction of range due to a change in medium.


                                                                                                                                                     

                                                                                                                                                     

                                                                                                                                                     

                                                                                                                                                     


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There is no change in direction of the light (no refraction) so


                                                                                                                                                     

the light must have the same wave speed in both the water
                                                                                                                                                     

and the gel.


                                                                                                                                                     

                                                                                                                                                     

                                                                                                                                                     

                                                                                                                                                     


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The angle of incidence is greater than the critical
                                                                                                                                                     

angle, and all of the light is refracted.


                                                                                                                                                     

                                                                                                                                                     

                                                                                                                                                     

                                                                                                                                                     

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μ = sin i/ sin r
                                                                                                                                                     

sin x = sin 60/ 1.33


x= 40.6
                                                                                                                                                     

                                                                                                                                                     

                                                                                                                                                     

                                                                                                                                                     

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angle in gel < critical angle


                                                                                                                                                     

no internal reflection so some light will reach the screen


                                                                                                                                                     

                                                                                                                                                     

                                                                                                                                                     

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When two waves interfere, the resulting displacement is the


                                                                                                                                                     

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When in phase constructive superposition occurs. This
                                                                                                                                                     

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Oscillations of light from the 2 filters are perpendicular to each


                                                                                                                                                     

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W=VIt
                                                                                                                                                     

230 x 5 x 60 = 69,000J
                                                                                                                                                     

Efficiency = useful energy/total energy x 100


                                                                                                                                                     
29,000/69,000 (x 100) = 0.42 or 42%
                                                                                                                                                     

                                                                                                                                                     

                                                                                                                                                     

                                                                                                                                                     

                                                                                                                                                     

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The human body contains water, similar to most food. This


                                                                                                                                                     

means the cells may gain internal energy due to the increase
                                                                                                                                                     

in temperature.
                                                                                                                                                     

                                                                                                                                                     

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After passing through a small gap/slit the waves spread out.
                                                                                                                                                     

                                                                                                                                                     

                                                                                                                                                     

                                                                                                                                                     

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c=fλ where c is the speed of light


                                                                                                                                                     

λ= 3.0x10 / 2.5x10 = 1.12m


                                                                                                                                                     

                                                                                                                                                     

                                                                                                                                                     

:DYHOHQJWK                                                                                       

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'LDPHWHU                                                                                       

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Diffraction is greatest when λ=gap size.


                                                                                                                                                     

Diameter of holes is greater than light λ, and diameter of holes


                                                                                                                                                     

is less than microwaves λ. So no diffraction takes place


                                                                                                                                                     

                                                                                                                                                     

                                                                                                                                                     

                                                                                                                                                     

                                                                                                                                                     

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