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FACULTY OF ENGINEERING TECHNOLOGY

AND RESEARCH

Design of Plate
Girder
Prepared by :

Name PEN
Dhruv Shah 140840106049
Prapti Tailor 140840106058

Guided by: Prof. Bhavin G. Patel


Design a plate girder for a simply supported bridge deck beam with
clear span 24m, subjected to dead load 20 KN/m( excluding self weight ), live
load 10 kN/m and two concentrated loads of 200 KN each at 6m from each end.
Assume that the top compression flange of plate girder is restrained laterally
and prevented from rotating . Use Fe 415 grade steel. Design as an plate girder
with intermediate stiffeners and utilising tension field action
(1) Loading :

Total factored load on girder


= 1.5 ( 20 + 10 ) x 24 +1.5 x 2 x 200
= 1680 KN

Self weight of girder = total factored load


200
1680
=
200
Factored u.d.l = 1.5 x 38.4
Total u.d.l= 20 + 10 + 8.4 = 57.6 kN/m
= 38 kN/m Factored Concentrated loads = 1.5 x 200
= 300 kN (Each)
(2) S.F and B.M calculations

Each reaction = total load


2
( 58 x 24 )  300  300
= 200

Ra = Rb = 996 kN

Maximum S.F., vZ = 996 kN


Maximum B.M. at E,

M = 996 x 12 – 58 x 12 x 6 – 300 x 6
E

=5976 kNm
(3) Section selection

Optimum depth of girder

Mk 0.33
d= Fy
0.33
 5976 X 10 6 

d=  X 150 

 250 
d= 1422.34 mm
Provide d=1400 mm
Assume thickness of web plate 12 mm ( thick web)
Size of web plate is 1400 x 12 mm

d 1400
  116.66  67e
tw 200
Check for shear buckling of web is required.
Assume that B.M is resisted by flanges only.
M
Af 
Fy.d
5976 x106
 x1.10
250 x1400
= 18781.71 mm2 (area of one flange required)
For compression flange with welded section
b
 8.4e
Tf
b= 8.4Tf
Af = bf x tf
=2b x tf =2(8.4tf)tf
=33.43 mm
Provide 40 mm
Bf= 18781/40
=469.54 mm
Provide bf = 500 mm
Size of flange = 500 X 40 mm
Minimum web thickness requirements

Serviceability requirement
d 1400

tw 12
=116 < 200e…..ok
Compression flange buckling requirement
d 1400

tw 12
=116.67 <345e2….ok
12 mm thkness is sufficient
(5) Check for moment capacity (of flanges)
Section classification for flange,
d 250

tf 40
6.25 < 8.4e hence flanges are plastic
 Zpfy
md 

1x 28.80 x106 x 250
Md 
1.10

= 6545.45 kn.m > 5976 KN.m..ok


(6) Check for shear capacity of web :
Av.Fy
Vd 
1.73
(1400 x12) x 250
Vd 
1.732 x1.10
=2204 kN
0.6Vd= 0.6x2204
= 1322 kN > 996 kN ….ok
(7) Check for shear buckling of web using tension field action

Vn = Vcr
Vcr = AvTb IS : 800-2007
Assune c/d = 1.3 cl. 8.4.2.2 (a), P.59
= 1.3x1500
= 1950 mm
Adopt stiffer spacing of 2000 mm
Provide 12 panels @ 2000 mm c/c.
Total span = 12X 2000 =24000 mm
Actual c/d = 2000/1500= 1.33 < 1.5
The elastic critical shear stress of web,
kv. 2 E
12(1   2 )(d / t ) 2
c/d = 1.33 > 1
Kvc = 5.35 +4/(1.33X1.33)

7.61X 2 X 2 X 105
12(1  0.32 ) X (187.5) 2
=39.15
𝑓 𝑦𝑤
𝜆𝑐𝑟 = ൗ 3𝜏𝑐𝑟
= 39.12 N/mm2
𝑓𝑦𝑤 𝑁
𝜏𝑏 = ൘ = 39.15
√3𝜆𝑤 2 𝑚𝑚2
𝑉𝑐𝑟 = 𝐴𝑣 𝜏𝑏
= 469.80 𝑘𝑁 < 996 𝑘𝑁 … . 𝑁𝑜𝑡 𝑂𝐾

Tension field Method: IS 800-2007 P-59


𝑐 2000
= = 1.33 > 1.0 𝑇𝑒𝑛𝑠𝑖𝑜𝑛 𝑚𝑒𝑡ℎ𝑜𝑑 𝑐𝑎𝑛 𝑏𝑒 𝑢𝑠𝑒𝑑.
𝑑 1500
Normal Shear Resistance
𝑉𝑛 = 𝑉𝑡𝑓
𝑉𝑡𝑓 = 𝐴𝑣 + 0.9𝑤𝑡𝑓 𝑡𝑤 𝑓𝑣 sin 𝜙 ≤ 𝑉𝑝 IS : 800-2007, P.69
Yield strength of tension field,
𝑓𝑣 = 𝑓𝑦𝑤 2 − 3𝜏𝑏2 + 𝜓 2 − 𝜓
𝑑
𝜙 = tan−1
𝑐
= 36.87𝑜
𝜓 = 1.5𝜏𝑏2 sin 2𝜙
= 56.37
0.5
𝑓𝑣 = 𝑓𝑦𝑤 2 − 3𝜏𝑏2 + 𝜓 2 −𝜓
𝑁
= 190.77
𝑚𝑚2
𝑀
𝑁𝑓 =
𝑑+𝑡𝑓
= 3880.50
𝑁𝑓
𝑀𝑓𝑟 = 0.25𝑏𝑓 𝑡𝑓2 𝑓𝑦𝑓 1 − ൘𝑏 𝑡 𝑓 /𝛾 2
𝑓 𝑓 𝑦 𝑚𝑜
= 13.6𝑥106
0.5
2 𝑀𝑓𝑟
𝑆𝑐 = 𝑆𝑡 = <𝑐
sin 𝜙 𝑓𝑦𝑤 𝑡𝑤

𝑤𝑡𝑓 = 𝑑 cos 𝜙 − (𝑐 − 𝑆𝑐 − 𝑆𝑡 ) sin 𝜙


= 329.84 𝑚𝑚
𝑉𝑡𝑓 = 𝐴𝑣 𝜏𝑏 + 0.9𝑤𝑡𝑓 𝑡𝑤 𝑓𝑣 sin 𝜙
= 741.63 𝑘𝑁 < 𝑉𝑑 = 1575 𝑘𝑁
(8) Shear capacity of end panel (AB) (Anchor Forces):
Anchor Forces:
𝐻𝑞
𝑅𝑡𝑓 =
2
𝐻𝑞 . 𝑑
𝑀𝑡𝑓 =
10
0.5
𝑉𝑐𝑟
𝐻𝑞 = 1.25 𝑉𝑝 1 −
𝑉𝑝
𝑉𝑑 = 1575 𝑘𝑁
𝑉𝑡𝑓 = 741.63 𝑘𝑁
𝑉 − 𝑉𝑐𝑟
𝑉𝑡𝑓 − 𝑉𝑐𝑟
𝑑 𝑡 𝑓𝑦
𝑉𝑝 =
3
= 1732 𝑘𝑁
𝑉𝑐𝑟 = 469.80 𝑘𝑁
0.5
469.80
𝐻𝑞 = 1.25𝑥1732 1 −
1732
= 1849.20 𝑘𝑁
𝐻𝑞
𝑅𝑡𝑓 = = 924.6 𝑘𝑁
2
𝑉𝑑 = 1575 𝑘𝑁 > 𝑅𝑡𝑓 = 924.6 𝑘𝑁
𝐻𝑞 𝑑
𝑀𝑡𝑓 = = 277.36 𝑋106 N.mm
10
Moment Capacity of end panel,
𝑓𝑦 𝐼 𝑓𝑦
𝑀𝑞 = 𝑍 𝑥 = 𝑥
𝛾𝑚𝑜 𝑌𝑚𝑎𝑥 𝛾𝑚𝑜
= 5.33 𝑋109 𝑚𝑚4
𝑀𝑞 = 1211 𝑘𝑁. 𝑚 > 𝑀𝑡𝑓
OK…