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90 Welding Consumables | Stainless Steel | Afrox Product Reference Manual Back to Contents

Afrox Subarc 904L
Welding Consumables

Subarc 904L consumables give a fully austenitic, low carbon weld
metal with molybdenum and copper, with good resistance to
corrosion in sulphuric, phosphoric and other inorganic and organic
acids. They are not normally chosen for resistance to corrosion
in concentrated nitric acid. For service in severe chloride pitting
media, overmatching nickel-based weld metal is recommended. It
is the preferred weld metal for some lower alloy austenitics such
as Creusot UHB 34L and UHB 734L for wet process phosphoric acid
service. Applications include tanks and process vessels, piping
systems, agitators, rotors, cast pumps and valves for use in the
fertiliser, phosphoric, sulphuric and acetic acid plants, and in salt
and seawater environments. It is also used on mild and low alloy
steels.

Classifications
AWS A5.9 ER385
EN ISO 14343-A S 20 25 5 Cu L
EN ISO 14343-B SS 385

Typical Chemical Analysis
% Carbon 0,01 % Chromium 20,0
% Manganese 1,7 % Nickel 25,0
% Silicon 0,3 % Molybdenum 4,5
% Sulphur 0,001 % Copper 1,5
% Phosphorous 0,01

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Typical Mechanical Properties (All weld metal)
Tensile Strength 650 MPa
0,2% Proof Stress 490 MPa
% Elongation on 4d 35
Impact Energy at -20°C 210 J
Microstructure In the as welded condition the weld
metal microstructure is fully austenitic
Flux Dependent

Packing Data
SAW Wire (DC+)
Diameter Current Pack Mass Item Number
(mm) Amps (A) Volts (V) (kg)
2,4 350 28 25,0 W078180
Suggested flux: Afrox Flux MK-SS or Oerlikon Flux OP33

flow-lines. Back to Section 12 Afrox Product Reference Manual | Welding Consumables | Stainless Steel 91 Afrox Subarc 2209 Welding Consumables Subarc 2209 is used on duplex stainless steel pipe.6 % Molybdenum 3. confers: High strength compared with standard austenitic steels. These alloys are finding widening application in the offshore oil/ gas.4 350 30 25.9 ER2209 EN ISO 14343-A S 22 9 3 NL EN ISO 14343-B SS 2209 Typical Chemical Analysis % Carbon 0. pipework systems. type 316L Good general corrosion resistance in a range of environments High resistance to chloride induced stress corrosion cracking (CSCC) High resistance to pitting attack in chloride environments. Classifications AWS A5. risers.2 % Silicon 0.602 MPa % Elongation on 4d 28 . e. manifolds.g. plate.835 MPa 0.1 12 % Phosphorous 0. e. chemical and petrochemical process industries.2 % Manganese 1. sea water.2 400 32 25. e.2% Proof Stress 560 .5 % Chromium 23.0 % Sulphur 0. This. fittings and forgings having an approximate 50:50 microstructure of austenite with a ferrite matrix.015 % Nitrogen 0.17 Typical Mechanical Properties (All weld metal) Tensile Strength 800 .0 W078178 Suggested flux: Afrox Flux MK-SS or Oerlikon Flux OP33 or Metrode Flux SSB .35 Impact Energy at -30°C 85 J Impact Energy at -50°C 70 J Microstructure Multi-pass welds in the as welded condition contain about 25 - 50% ferrite depending on dilution and heat input/cooling rate conditions Flux Dependent Packing Data SAW Wire (DC+) Diameter Current Pack Mass Item Number (mm) Amps (A) Volts (V) (kg) 2.001 % Copper 0. etc.g.g.015 % Nickel 8.0 W078176 3. coupled with general alloying level.

0 W078502 Recommended flux: Metrode SSB .7 % Molybdenum 3.002 % Copper 0.7 % Silicon 0.3 Mo + 16N Typical Mechanical Properties (All weld metal) 0.23 % Chromium 25.3 % Manganese 0.2% Proof Stress 700 .65W + 16N Pitting Resistance Equivalent PREn = Cr + 3.950 MPa Elongation on 5d 24 12 Charpy V-Notch at -50°C 40 J Hardness 290 HV Flux Dependent Packing Data SAW Wire (DC+) Diameter Current Pack Mass Item Number (mm) Amps (A) Volts (V) (kg) 2.4 % Tungsten 0. This electrode is overmatching with respect to nickel content to achieve the correct austenite-ferrite microstructural phase balance.0 PREn 41 PREw 42 PREw Cr + 3.92 Welding Consumables | Stainless Steel | Afrox Product Reference Manual Back to Contents Metrode Subarc Zeron® 100X Welding Consumables Subarc Zeron® 100X is a solid electrode for welding Zeron®100 and other super duplex alloys for service in the as welded condition.3Mo + 1. Classifications AWS A5.4 350 29 25.6 % Sulphur 0.7 % Phosphorous 0.9 ER2594 EN ISO 14343-A S 29 9 4 NL Typical Chemical Analysis % Carbon 0.015 % Nickel 9.02 % Nitrogen 0.750 MPa Tensile Strength 890 .

8. Classifications AWS A5. Metrode SSB or Oerlikon OP33 .10% carbon.06 % Nickel 8.0.01 % Copper 0.2% Proof Stress 360 MPa Tensile Strength 630 MPa % Elongation on 5d 29 12 Charpy V-Notch at -196°C 30 J Flux Dependent Packing Data (DC+) Diameter Current Pack Mass Item Number (mm) Amps (A) Volts (V) (kg) 2.4 % Molybdenum 1. superheater headers. The consumable has a controlled composition optimised for performance in structural service at temperatures up to 800°C.2 Welding Consumables Subarc 16.9 ER16.8.4 350 30 25.0 .0 W078520 Recommended flux: Afrox MK-SS. gas and steam turbine components in the petrochemical.6.5 % Manganese 1.04 . thick wall steam piping. Applications include catalytic crackers.8. chemical process plants and power generation industries.5 % Sulphur 0. furnace parts.1 % Phosphorous 0.3 % Silicon 0.2 is a solid wire for welding 300H series stainless steel. it has applications for welding all the 3XXH series of stainless steels with up to 0. Back to Section 12 Afrox Product Reference Manual | Welding Consumables | Stainless Steel 93 Metrode Subarc 16. It is essentially a dilute hybrid between 308H and 316H. cyclones. Rather than matching any single parent metal.4 % Chromium 15.2 EN ISO 14343-A S 16 8 2 EN ISO 14343-B SS 16 8 2 Typical Chemical Analysis % Carbon 0.0 Typical Mechanical Properties (All weld metal) 0. transfer lines.02 Ferrite Number 1.