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Assignment V

Electricity and Magnetism
10 November 2016

1. A spherical conductor, of radius a, carries a charge Q (Figure). It is
surrounded by linear dielectric material of susceptibility 𝑒 , out to
radius b. Find the energy of this configuration. (Griffiths 4.26)

2. Two long coaxial cylindrical metal tubes (inner radius a, outer radius
b) stand vertically in a tank of dielectric oil (susceptibility /e, mass
density p). The inner one is maintained at potential V, and the outer
one is grounded (Figure). To what height (h) does the oil rise in the
space between the tubes? (Griffiths 4.28)

and current 𝑰.12) 5. A phonograph record of radius R. Find the magnetic field of a uniformly magnetized sphere.2. (Griffiths Example 5. Find the force of attraction between two magnetic dipoles. 6. 6. (a) using Eq.3 9. 𝑚1 and 𝑚2 . Calculate the torque exerted on the square loop shown in Figure.An infinitely long circular cylinder carries a uniform magnetization 𝑴 parallel to its axis. a distance 𝒓 apart. (Griffiths Example 5. If the square loop is free to rotate.1) 8. Griffiths 6. Find the vector potential of an infinite solenoid with 𝒏 turns per unit length. Griffiths 6.34) 6. with radius R.6) 4. is rotating at constant angular velocity 𝝎. lies in the xy plane.3. (Griffiths Example 6.35) 7. Find its magnetic dipole moment.3. due to the circular loop (assume r is much larger than 𝒂 or b). centered at the origin and carries a current / running counterclockwise as viewed from the positive z axis.7 . Find the magnetic field (due to 𝑴) inside and outside the cylinder. carrying a uniform surface charge . radius 𝑹. what will its equilibrium orientation be? (Griffiths 6. which carries a steady current 𝐼. (Griffiths 5. oriented as shown in Figure.1) 10. Find the magnetic field a distance z above the center of a circular loop of radius 𝑅. (a) What is its magnetic dipole moment? (b) What is the (approximate) magnetic field at points far from the origin? (Griffiths Problem 5. and (b) using Eq. A circular loop of wire.

13. (c) Do the same for a thin wafer-shaped cavity perpendicular to 𝑀. Griffiths 6. Find the magnetic field in the region between the tubes. Find 𝑯 inside and outside the rod. Griffiths 6. of course.A coaxial cable consists of two very long cylindrical tubes. Also find 𝐻 at the center of the cavity. (Griffiths Example 6. in terms of 𝐻0 and 𝑀. Griffiths Example 6. current I is filled with linear material of susceptibility m Find the magnetic field inside the solenoid. with the free currents) they generate the correct field.16 . A current I flows down the inner conductor and returns along the outer one.3 14.13 (a) Now a small spherical cavity is hollowed out of the material Find the field at the center of the cavity. calculate the magnetization and the bound currents.2) 12.11. in terms of 𝐵0 and 𝑀.A long copper rod of radius 𝑹 carries a uniformly distributed (free) current . so that 𝐻0 = (1⁄𝜇0 )𝐵0 − 𝑀. An infinite solenoid (n turns per unit length. separated by linear insulating material of magnetic susceptibility m .Suppose the field inside a large piece of magnetic material is 𝐵0 . in each case the current distributes itself uniformly over the surface (Figure). and confirm that (together. (b) Do the same for a long needle-shaped cavity running parallel to 𝑀. where 𝑀 is a “frozen-in” magnetization. As a check.

A metal disk of radius a rotates with angular velocity 𝝎 about a vertical axis. What is the current through the resistor. confirm that the heat delivered to the resistor is equal to the energy lost by the capacitor. Now imagine charging up the capacitor. through a uniform field B. at time t = 0 (Fig. what is the magnetic field a distance s from the axis? Find all the bound currents.A capacitor C has been charged up to potential Vo. Find the current in the resistor. I(t) (b) What was the original energy stored in the capacitor? By integrating Eq. 7). or aluminum) with susceptibility m. which touches the outer edge of the disk (Fig. A circuit is made by connecting one end of a resistor to the axle and the other end to a sliding contact. P = VI= I2R. and the current is distributed uniformly. What is the final energy stored in the capacitor? What fraction of the work done by the battery shows up as energy in the capacitor? Griffiths 7. at time t = 0 it is connected to a resistor R. by connecting it (and the resistor) to a battery of fixed voltage Vo. (d) Find the total energy output of the battery (∫ 𝑉0 𝐼 𝑑𝑡). If the wire is made of linear material (copper. Q(t).17 16. (a) Determine the charge on the capacitor as a function of time.2 17.4 . (c) Again. and begins to discharge (Figure). pointing up. Determine the heat delivered to the resistor. determine Q(t) and I(t). Griffiths 7. What is the net bound current flowing down the wire? Griffiths 6. say.A current I flows down a long straight wire of radius a. b).15.

is driven by an alternating current. In this region there is a nonuniform time-dependent magnetic field 𝐵(𝑦. of course. what is its speed at a later time t ? (d) The initial kinetic energy of the bar was. Griffiths 7. pointing straight up.A metal bar of mass m slides frictionlessly on two parallel conducting rails a distance l apart (Figure). (𝟏/𝟐)𝒎𝒗𝟐𝟎.7 19. A resistor R is connected across the rails and a uniform magnetic field B. and coaxial with it.12 20. (a) If the bar moves to the right at speed v.7 . Griffiths 7. as a function of time. Find the current induced in the loop. of radius 𝑎/2 and resistance R.A long solenoid.A square loop of wire. 𝑡) = 𝑘𝑦 3 𝑡 2 𝑧̂(where k is a constant).18. pointing into the page. If B is changing with time. A circular loop of wire. fills the entire region. fills the shaded circular region of Fig. lies in the first quadrant of the xy plane.A uniform magnetic field 𝐁(𝐭). what is the current in the resistor? In what direction does it flow? (b) What is the magnetic force on the bar? In what direction? (c) If the bar starts out with speed do at time t = 0. with one corner at the origin. with sides of length 𝑎. Find the emf induced in the loop. what is the induced electric field? Griffiths Example 7. is placed inside the solenoid. of radius a. so that the field inside is sinusoidal: 𝐵(𝑡) = 𝐵0 𝑐𝑜𝑠(𝜔𝑡) 𝑧̂ . and is left to slide. Check that the energy delivered to the resistor is exactly (𝟏/𝟐)𝒎𝒗𝟐𝟎 Griffiths 7.13 21.

at a distance 𝑠 < 𝑎 from the axis.An alternating current 𝐼(𝑡) = 𝐼0 𝑐𝑜𝑠(𝑡) (amplitude 0. of width ≪ 𝑎 . what emf is induced in the toroid? Find the current. Griffiths 7. uniformly distributed over its cross section. 1000 turns).5 A. What is the ratio of the amplitudes of this back emf and the "direct" emf in (a)? Griffiths 7. The coil is connected to a 500  resistor. A narrow gap in the wire. 𝐼𝑅 (𝑡) in the resistor. radius a. forms a parallel-plate capacitor.31 . carries a constant current I. outer radius 2 cm.9 23. How does your answer change if a resistor R is included in series with C and L? Griffiths 7.22. A fat wire. which runs along the axis of a toroidal coil with rectangular cross section (inner radius 1 cm.A capacitor C is charged up to a potential V and connected to an inductor L. Determine the induced electric field. frequency 60 Hz) flows down a straight wire. (b) Calculate the back emf in the coil.An infinitely long straight wire carries a slowly varying current l(t). Griffiths Example 7.24 25.25 24. Find the magnetic field in the gap. Find the current in the circuit as a function of time. as a function of the distance s from the wire. height 1 cm. At time t = 0 the switch S is closed. shown in Fig. due to the current 𝐼𝑅 (𝑡). (a) In the quasistatic approximation.