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DS(0)16-SM1-3A

Cumulative Settlement
No of Days Measuring Date Settlement Rate
(mm) (mm/day)
0 9-Oct-14 0.0 9-Oct-14 0
4 13-Oct-14 53.0 13.3
11 20-Oct-14 103.0 7.1
18 27-Oct-14 162.0 8.4
25 3-Nov-14 218.0 8.2
28 6-Nov-14 232.0 7.6
32 10-Nov-14 259.0 6.8
39 17-Nov-14 290.0 6.7
46 24-Nov-14 324.0 4.9
53 1-Dec-14 367.0 6.1
60 8-Dec-14 390.0 5.9 8-Dec-14 390
68 16-Dec-14 429.0 4.9
74 22-Dec-14 461.0 5.3
81 29-Dec-14 500.0 5.2
88 5-Jan-15 539.0 5.3
95 12-Jan-15 580.0 5.9
102 19-Jan-15 611.0 5.1
109 26-Jan-15 633.0 4.5
116 2-Feb-15 663.0 4.3
123 9-Feb-15 689.0 4.0
130 16-Feb-15 707.0 2.6
142 28-Feb-15 748.0 3.4
149 7-Mar-15 778.0 3.9
159 17-Mar-15 799.0 2.1
165 23-Mar-15 847.0 8.0 23-Mar-15 847
173 31-Mar-15 864.0 2.1
182 9-Apr-15 896.0 3.6
187 14-Apr-15 918.0 3.9
194 21-Apr-15 933.0 2.1
200 27-Apr-15 957.0 4.0
207 4-May-15 967.0 2.6
214 11-May-15 1003.0 5.1
223 20-May-15 1036.0 3.7
230 27-May-15 1054.0 3.2
236 2-Jun-15 1067.0 2.2
251 17-Jun-15 1103.0 2.4
260 26-Jun-15 1128.0 2.5
266 2-Jul-15 1156.0 4.7
275 11-Jul-15 1192.0 4.0
285 21-Jul-15 1247.0 4.8 21-Jul-15 1247
292 28-Jul-15 1310.0 9.0
300 5-Aug-15 1336.0 5.9 5-Aug-15 1336
307 12-Aug-15 1424.0 12.6
314 19-Aug-15 1447.0 3.3
321 26-Aug-15 1453.0 2.1
328 2-Sep-15 1568.0 16.4
335 9-Sep-15 1580.0 1.7
342 16-Sep-15 1591.0 1.6
349 23-Sep-15 1712.0 17.3
359 3-Oct-15 1775.0 6.3
360 4-Oct-15 1780.7 5.7 4-Oct-15 1780.7143
366 10-Oct-15 1815.0 5.7
373 17-Oct-15 1859.0 6.0
375 19-Oct-15 1864.3 2.7 19-Oct-15 1864.3333
379 23-Oct-15 1875.0 2.7
386 30-Oct-15 1919.0 6.3
390 3-Nov-15 1943.6 6.1 3-Nov-15 1943.5714
393 6-Nov-15 1962.0 6.1
400 13-Nov-15 1995.0 5.7
405 18-Nov-15 2027.5 6.5 18-Nov-15 2027.5
406 19-Nov-15 2034.0 6.5
414 27-Nov-15 2043.0 1.1
420 3-Dec-15 2079.0 3.2 3-Dec-15 2079
428 11-Dec-15 2148.0 5.2
434 17-Dec-15 2225.0 12.8
435 18-Dec-15 2233.7 8.7 18-Dec-15 2233.7143
441 24-Dec-15 2286.0 10.6
450 2-Jan-16 2358.0 8.0 2-Jan-16 2358
455 7-Jan-16 2408.0 10.0
462 14-Jan-16 2476.0 9.0
465 17-Jan-16 2497.4 7.1 17-Jan-16 2497.375
470 22-Jan-16 2533.0 7.1
477 29-Jan-16 2588.0 7.9
480 1-Feb-16 2608.0 6.7 1-Feb-16 2608
483 4-Feb-16 2628.0 7.3
494 15-Feb-16 2669.0 5.7
495 16-Feb-16 2685.3 16.3 16-Feb-16 2685.3333
497 18-Feb-16 2718.0 16.3
505 26-Feb-16 2727.0 5.3
510 2-Mar-16 2759.9 6.6 2-Mar-16 2759.8571
512 4-Mar-16 2773.0 6.6
519 11-Mar-16 2789.0 4.4
525 17-Mar-16 2818.1 4.9 17-Mar-16 2818.1429
526 18-Mar-16 2823.0 4.9
540 1-Apr-16 2859.4 2.6 1-Apr-16 2859.4
541 2-Apr-16 2862.0 2.6
547 8-Apr-16 2939.0 12.8
553 14-Apr-16 2946.0 4.6
555 16-Apr-16 2955.0 4.5 16-Apr-16 2955
561 22-Apr-16 2982.0 4.5
570 1-May-16 3018.6 4.1 1-May-16 3018.6
576 7-May-16 3043.0 4.1
583 14-May-16 3060.0 3.5
585 16-May-16 3064.9 2.4 16-May-16 3064.8571
4-Oct-15 1780.7143 0.0 3064.9 1
19-Oct-15 1864.3333 53.0 15 5
3-Nov-15 1943.5714 103.0 15 12
18-Nov-15 2027.5 162.0 15 4
3-Dec-15 2079 218.0 15 11
18-Dec-15 2233.7143 232.0 15 14
2-Jan-16 2358 259.0 15 3
17-Jan-16 2497.375 290.0 15 10
1-Feb-16 2608 324.0 15 2
16-Feb-16 2685.3333 367.0 15 9
2-Mar-16 2759.8571 390.0 15 1
17-Mar-16 2818.1429 429.0 15 9
1-Apr-16 2859.4 461.0 15 15
16-Apr-16 2955 500.0 15 7
1-May-16 3018.6 539.0 15 14
16-May-16 3064.8571 580.0 15 6
611.0 13
633.0 5
663.0 12
689.0 4
707.0 11
748.0 8
778.0 15
799.0 10
847.0 1
864.0 9
896.0 3
918.0 8
933.0 15
957.0 6
967.0 13
1003.0 5
1036.0 14
1054.0 6
1067.0 12
1103.0 12
1128.0 6
1156.0 12
1192.0 6
1247.0 1
1310.0 8
1336.0 1
1424.0 8
1447.0 15
1453.0 7
1568.0 14
1580.0 6
1591.0 13
1712.0 5
1775.0 15
1780.7 1
1815.0 7
1859.0 14
1864.3 1
1875.0 5
1919.0 12
1943.6 1
1962.0 4
1995.0 11
2027.5 1
2034.0 2
2043.0 10
2079.0 1
2148.0 9
2225.0 15
2233.7 1
2286.0 7
2358.0 1
2408.0 6
2476.0 13
2497.4 1
2533.0 6
2588.0 13
2608.0 1
2628.0 4
2669.0 15
2685.3 1
2718.0 3
2727.0 11
2759.9 1
2773.0 3
2789.0 10
2818.1 1
2823.0 2
2859.4 1
2862.0 2
2939.0 8
2946.0 14
2955.0 1
2982.0 7
3018.6 1
3043.0 7
3060.0 14
3064.9 1
Back Analysis of Settlement Monitoring Data
Asaoka Analysis

Settlement monitoring data


DS(0)16-SM1-3A
Day Date Si Si+1 Pred sett
0 9-Oct-14 ###
360 4-Oct-15 1780.71 1864.33 1173.0
375 19-Oct-15 1864.33 1943.57 1455.2
390 3-Nov-15 1943.57 2027.5 1700.4
405 18-Nov-15 2027.5 2079 1913.5
420 3-Dec-15 2079 2233.71 2098.7
435 18-Dec-15 2233.71 2358 2259.6 Time of surcharge reached
450 2-Jan-16 2358 2497.38 2399.4 +11.5mPD
465 17-Jan-16 2497.38 2608 2520.9
480 1-Feb-16 2608 2685.33 2626.5
495 16-Feb-16 2685.33 2759.86 2718.3
510 2-Mar-16 2759.86 2818.14 2798.0
525 17-Mar-16 2818.14 2859.4 2867.3
540 1-Apr-16 2859.4 2955 2927.5
555 16-Apr-16 2955 3018.6 2979.9
570 1-May-16 3018.6 3064.86 3025.3
585 16-May-16 3064.86 3064.86 * Predicted sett curve
592 23-May-16 3081.5 Residual primary sett
599 30-May-16 3097.1 229.9 30-May-16
606 6-Jun-16 3111.6 215.4 6-Jun-16
613 13-Jun-16 3125.3 201.7 13-Jun-16
620 20-Jun-16 3138.1 188.9 20-Jun-16
627 27-Jun-16 3150.1 176.9 27-Jun-16
634 4-Jul-16 3161.3 165.7 4-Jul-16
641 11-Jul-16 3171.8 155.2 11-Jul-16
Back Analysis of Settlement Monitoring Data
Asaoka Analysis

648 18-Jul-16 3181.6 145.4 18-Jul-16


655 25-Jul-16 3190.9 136.1 25-Jul-16
662 1-Aug-16 3199.5 127.5 1-Aug-16
669 8-Aug-16 3207.6 119.4 8-Aug-16
676 15-Aug-16 3215.2 111.8 15-Aug-16
683 22-Aug-16 3222.3 104.7 22-Aug-16
690 29-Aug-16 3228.9 98.1 29-Aug-16
697 5-Sep-16 3235.1 91.9 5-Sep-16
704 12-Sep-16 3240.9 86.1 12-Sep-16
711 19-Sep-16 3246.4 80.6 19-Sep-16
718 26-Sep-16 3251.5 75.5 26-Sep-16
725 3-Oct-16 3256.3 70.7 3-Oct-16
732 10-Oct-16 3260.8 66.2 10-Oct-16
739 17-Oct-16 3265.0 62.0 17-Oct-16
746 24-Oct-16 3268.9 58.1 24-Oct-16
753 31-Oct-16 3272.6 54.4 31-Oct-16
760 7-Nov-16 3276.1 50.9 7-Nov-16
767 14-Nov-16 3279.3 47.7 14-Nov-16
774 21-Nov-16 3282.3 44.7 21-Nov-16
781 28-Nov-16 3285.1 41.9 28-Nov-16
788 5-Dec-16 3287.8 39.2 5-Dec-16
795 12-Dec-16 3290.3 36.7 12-Dec-16
802 19-Dec-16 3292.6 34.4 19-Dec-16
809 26-Dec-16 3294.8 32.2 26-Dec-16

Sult 3327 * Ultimate primary settlement


l
-Ln B/Dt 0.00936 * Exponential constant
t1 271.444

1 : 1 Line 0 0
5000 5000

Fit b 0.869 * Slope of Si+1 vs Si plot


S0 435.837 mm * Intercept of Si+1 vs Si plot
Sult 3327 mm * Ultimate primary settlement
Dt 15 * Time step between Si and Si+1
-LNb/Dt
-Ln B/Dt 0.00936 * Exponential constant
Back Analysis of Settlement Monitoring Data
Asaoka Analysis

Predicted Settlement plot

Si+1 - Si Plot
4000

Time of surcharge
3500
reached +11.5mPD

3000
Si+1

2500

2000

1500
1500 2000 2500 3000 3500 4000
Si
Settlement Plot Time (day)
0 100 200 300 400 500 600 700 800 900
0
DS(0)16-SM1-3A
Predicted Settlement
500 plot
Total Primary Settlement
Settlement (mm)

1000

1500

2000

2500 Time of surcharge


reached +11.5mPD
3000

3500

Residual primary settlement of MD and Alluvium 262.1 mm


Back Analysis of Settlement Monitoring Data
Asaoka Analysis
By

DS(0)16-SM1-3A
Projected Total Primary Settlement 3327.0 mm
Settlement at latest monitoring date 3064.9 mm
Degree of consolidation (under surcharge) 92.1%
MD thickness, H 26.0 m
Dsf, surcharge' 219.0 kPa
Ds' at the given degree of consolidation 201.7 kPa
Dsf,perm' at permanent loading 131.0 kPa

MD
Layer Top Bottom mid sv0 sv' sv,perm' OCR
1 -3 -5.6 -4.3 6.5 208.2 137.5 1.51
2 -5.6 -8.2 -6.9 19.5 221.2 150.5 1.47
3 -8.2 -10.8 -9.5 32.5 234.2 163.5 1.43
4 -10.8 -13.4 -12.1 45.5 247.2 176.5 1.40
5 -13.4 -16 -14.7 58.5 260.2 189.5 1.37
6 -16 -18.6 -17.3 71.5 273.2 202.5 1.35
7 -18.6 -21.2 -19.9 84.5 286.2 215.5 1.33
8 -21.2 -23.8 -22.5 97.5 299.2 228.5 1.31
9 -23.8 -26.4 -25.1 110.5 312.2 241.5 1.29
10 -26.4 -29 -27.7 123.5 325.2 254.5 1.28

For Vertical Drains


D 1.05 m
d 0.066 m
qw 5.0E-05 m3/s
kc 5.0E-08 m/s
F(n) 2.017
b 0.86900
Dt 15
-Ln B/Dt 0.00936
ch 0.002601863 m2/day
ch 0.95 m2/year

D 3 2 L2 k c
F ( n )  ln( ) - 
d 4 3 qw
8C h
-( )t
2
- bt F (n)D
U  1 - e 1 - e
8C h ln( m )
b   -
F (n) D 2
Dt
where m is the slope in the fitted line in Asaoka's Plot,
and Dt is the time step for Si+1 and Si
DS(0)17-SM1-3A
Cumulative Settlement
No of Days Measuring Date Settlement Rate
(mm) (mm/day)
0 13-Oct-14 0.0
11 24-Oct-14 72.0 6.5 13-Oct-14 0
16 29-Oct-14 138.0 13.2
21 3-Nov-14 186.0 9.6
24 6-Nov-14 214.0 9.5
28 10-Nov-14 296.0 13.2
35 17-Nov-14 458.0 23.1
42 24-Nov-14 607.0 18.0
49 1-Dec-14 698.0 13.0
56 8-Dec-14 757.0 8.4
64 16-Dec-14 821.0 14.2
70 22-Dec-14 863.0 7.0
77 29-Dec-14 970.0 15.3
84 5-Jan-15 1033.0 10.6
91 12-Jan-15 1108.0 10.6
98 19-Jan-15 1154.0 6.6
105 26-Jan-15 1198.0 6.4
112 2-Feb-15 1253.0 6.9 26-Jan-15 1198
119 9-Feb-15 1291.0 5.4
126 16-Feb-15 1340.0 6.2
138 28-Feb-15 1430.0 7.5
155 17-Mar-15 1533.0 6.1
161 23-Mar-15 1597.0 7.0
169 31-Mar-15 1626.0 3.6
178 9-Apr-15 1677.0 5.7
183 14-Apr-15 1705.0 5.6
190 21-Apr-15 1713.0 1.1
196 27-Apr-15 1764.0 4.5
203 4-May-15 1779.0 2.1
210 11-May-15 1806.0 3.9
219 20-May-15 1868.0 5.6 11-May-15 1806
226 27-May-15 1890.0 3.1
236 6-Jun-15 1913.0 2.3
247 17-Jun-15 2001.0 5.3
256 26-Jun-15 2073.0 8.0
262 2-Jul-15 2121.0 8.0
271 11-Jul-15 2187.0 7.6
281 21-Jul-15 2218.0 3.1
288 28-Jul-15 2260.0 6.0
296 5-Aug-15 2301.0 5.5
303 12-Aug-15 2333.0 4.6
310 19-Aug-15 2357.0 4.0
317 26-Aug-15 2399.0 6.0
324 2-Sep-15 2443.0 6.3
331 9-Sep-15 2481.0 5.9
338 16-Sep-15 2475.0 -0.9
345 23-Sep-15 2552.0 11.0
355 3-Oct-15 2610.0 7.9 23-Sep-15 2552
362 10-Oct-15 2654.0 6.3
369 17-Oct-15 2686.0 4.6
375 23-Oct-15 2695.0 1.5
382 30-Oct-15 2744.0 4.5 23-Oct-15 2695
389 6-Nov-15 2784.0 4.9
390 7-Nov-15 2789.0 5.0
396 13-Nov-15 2819.0 5.0 7-Nov-15 2789
402 19-Nov-15 2853.0 5.3
405 22-Nov-15 2867.3 4.8
410 27-Nov-15 2891.0 4.8 22-Nov-15 2867.25
416 3-Dec-15 2916.0 4.2
420 7-Dec-15 2929.5 3.4
424 11-Dec-15 2943.0 3.7 7-Dec-15 2929.5
430 17-Dec-15 2989.0 4.9
435 22-Dec-15 3050.4 12.3
437 24-Dec-15 3075.0 12.3 22-Dec-15 3050.4286
446 2-Jan-16 3153.0 10.3
450 6-Jan-16 3189.0 9.0
451 7-Jan-16 3198.0 9.0 6-Jan-16 3189
458 14-Jan-16 3277.0 10.3
465 21-Jan-16 3331.3 7.7
466 22-Jan-16 3339.0 9.3 21-Jan-16 3331.25
473 29-Jan-16 3356.0 2.4
479 4-Feb-16 3422.0 11.0
480 5-Feb-16 3423.0 1.0
490 15-Feb-16 3433.0 3.9 5-Feb-16 3423
493 18-Feb-16 3531.0 32.7
495 20-Feb-16 3533.5 1.3
501 26-Feb-16 3541.0 1.3 20-Feb-16 3533.5
508 4-Mar-16 3584.0 8.4
510 6-Mar-16 3591.1 3.6
515 11-Mar-16 3609.0 3.6 6-Mar-16 3591.1429
522 18-Mar-16 3651.0 4.8
525 21-Mar-16 3674.6 7.9
530 26-Mar-16 3714.0 7.9 21-Mar-16 3674.625
537 2-Apr-16 3733.0 2.7
540 5-Apr-16 3751.0 6.0
543 8-Apr-16 3769.0 5.6 5-Apr-16 3751
549 14-Apr-16 3780.0 4.8
555 20-Apr-16 3810.0 5.0
557 22-Apr-16 3820.0 5.0 20-Apr-16 3810
570 5-May-16 3865.9 3.5
572 7-May-16 3873.0 4.0 5-May-16 3865.9333
579 14-May-16 3894.0 3.8
585 20-May-16 3912.0 3.0
20-May-16 3912
3912.0
23-Oct-15 2695 0.0
7-Nov-15 2789 72.0 15 1
22-Nov-15 2867.25 138.0 15 12
7-Dec-15 2929.5 186.0 15 2
22-Dec-15 3050.4286 214.0 15 7
6-Jan-16 3189 296.0 15 10
21-Jan-16 3331.25 458.0 15 14
5-Feb-16 3423 607.0 15 6
20-Feb-16 3533.5 698.0 15 13
6-Mar-16 3591.1429 757.0 15 5
21-Mar-16 3674.625 821.0 15 12
5-Apr-16 3751 863.0 15 5
20-Apr-16 3810 970.0 15 11
5-May-16 3865.9333 1033.0 15 3
20-May-16 3912 1108.0 15 10
1154.0 -42510 2
1198.0 9
1253.0 1
1291.0 8
1340.0 15
1430.0 7
1533.0 4
1597.0 6
1626.0 12
1677.0 5
1705.0 14
1713.0 4
1764.0 11
1779.0 2
1806.0 9
1868.0 1
1890.0 10
1913.0 2
2001.0 12
2073.0 8
2121.0 2
2187.0 8
2218.0 2
2260.0 12
2301.0 4
2333.0 12
2357.0 4
2399.0 11
2443.0 3
2481.0 10
2475.0 2
2552.0 9
2610.0 1
2654.0 11
2686.0 3
2695.0 10
2744.0 1
2784.0 8
2789.0 15
2819.0 1
2853.0 7
2867.3 13
2891.0 1
2916.0 6
2929.5 12
2943.0 1
2989.0 5
3050.4 11
3075.0 1
3153.0 3
3189.0 12
3198.0 1
3277.0 2
3331.3 9
3339.0 1
3356.0 2
3422.0 9
3423.0 15
3433.0 1
3531.0 11
3533.5 14
3541.0 1
3584.0 7
3591.1 14
3609.0 1
3651.0 6
3674.6 13
3714.0 1
3733.0 6
3751.0 13
3769.0 1
3780.0 4
3810.0 10
3820.0 1
3865.9 3
3873.0 1
3894.0 3
3912.0 10
1
Back Analysis of Settlement Monitoring Data
Asaoka Analysis
By

Settlement monitoring data


DS(0)17-SM1-3A
Day Date Si Si+1 Pred sett
0 13-Oct-14 ###
375 23-Oct-15 2695 2789 2034.8
390 7-Nov-15 2789 2867.25 2347.1
405 22-Nov-15 2867.25 2929.5 2612.9
420 7-Dec-15 2929.5 3050.43 2839.1
Time of surcharge reached
435 22-Dec-15 3050.43 3189 3031.6 +11.5mPD
450 6-Jan-16 3189 3331.25 3195.4
465 21-Jan-16 3331.25 3423 3334.8
480 5-Feb-16 3423 3533.5 3453.5
495 20-Feb-16 3533.5 3591.14 3554.4
510 6-Mar-16 3591.14 3674.63 3640.3
525 21-Mar-16 3674.63 3751 3713.4
540 5-Apr-16 3751 3810 3775.7
555 20-Apr-16 3810 3865.93 3828.6
570 5-May-16 3865.93 3912 3873.7
585 20-May-16 3912 3912 * Predicted sett curve
592 27-May-16 3927.9 Residual primary sett
599 3-Jun-16 3942.6 188.4 3-Jun-16
606 10-Jun-16 3956.3 174.7 10-Jun-16
613 17-Jun-16 3969.0 162.0 17-Jun-16
620 24-Jun-16 3980.7 150.3 24-Jun-16
627 1-Jul-16 3991.6 139.4 1-Jul-16
634 8-Jul-16 4001.7 129.3 8-Jul-16
641 15-Jul-16 4011.1 119.9 15-Jul-16
Back Analysis of Settlement Monitoring Data
Asaoka Analysis
By

648 22-Jul-16 4019.8 111.2 22-Jul-16


655 29-Jul-16 4027.9 103.1 29-Jul-16
662 5-Aug-16 4035.3 95.7 5-Aug-16
669 12-Aug-16 4042.3 88.7 12-Aug-16
676 19-Aug-16 4048.7 82.3 19-Aug-16
683 26-Aug-16 4054.7 76.3 26-Aug-16
690 2-Sep-16 4060.2 70.8 2-Sep-16
697 9-Sep-16 4065.3 65.7 9-Sep-16
704 16-Sep-16 4070.1 60.9 16-Sep-16
711 23-Sep-16 4074.5 56.5 23-Sep-16
718 30-Sep-16 4078.6 52.4 30-Sep-16
725 7-Oct-16 4082.4 48.6 7-Oct-16
732 14-Oct-16 4085.9 45.1 14-Oct-16
739 21-Oct-16 4089.2 41.8 21-Oct-16
746 28-Oct-16 4092.2 38.8 28-Oct-16
753 4-Nov-16 4095.1 35.9 4-Nov-16
760 11-Nov-16 4097.7 33.3 11-Nov-16
767 18-Nov-16 4100.1 30.9 18-Nov-16
774 25-Nov-16 4102.3 28.7 25-Nov-16
781 2-Dec-16 4104.4 26.6 2-Dec-16
788 9-Dec-16 4106.3 24.7 9-Dec-16
795 16-Dec-16 4108.1 22.9 16-Dec-16
802 23-Dec-16 4109.8 21.2 23-Dec-16
809 30-Dec-16 4111.3 19.7 30-Dec-16

Sult 4131 * Ultimate primary settlement


l
-Ln B/Dt 0.01076 * Exponential constant
t1 273.07

1 : 1 Line 0 0
5000 5000

Fit b 0.851 * Slope of Si+1 vs Si plot


S0 615.519 mm * Intercept of Si+1 vs Si plot
Sult 4131 mm * Ultimate primary settlement
Dt 15 * Time step between Si and Si+1
-LNb/Dt
-Ln B/Dt 0.01076 * Exponential constant
Back Analysis of Settlement Monitoring Data
Asaoka Analysis
By

Predicted Settlement plot

Si+1 - Si Plot
4500
4300
Time of surcharge
4100
reached +11.5mPD
3900
3700
3500
Si+1

3300
3100
2900
2700
2500
2500 2700 2900 3100 3300 3500 3700 3900 4100 4300 4500
Si
Settlement Plot Time (day)
0 100 200 300 400 500 600 700 800 900
1000
DS(0)17-SM1-3A
Predicted Settlement
1500 plot
Total Primary Settlement
Settlement (mm)

2000

2500

3000

3500 Time of surcharge


reached +11.5mPD
4000

4500

Residual primary settlement of MD and Alluvium 219.0 mm


Back Analysis of Settlement Monitoring Data
Asaoka Analysis
By

DS(0)17-SM1-3A
Projected Total Primary Settlement 4131.0 mm
Settlement at latest monitoring date 3912.0 mm
Degree of consolidation (under surcharge) 94.7%
MD thickness, H 26.0 m
Dsf, surcharge' 219.0 kPa
Ds' at the given degree of consolidation 207.4 kPa
Dsf,perm' at permanent loading 131.0 kPa

MD
Layer Top Bottom mid sv0 sv' sv,perm' OCR
1 -3 -5.6 -4.3 6.5 213.9 137.5 1.56
2 -5.6 -8.2 -6.9 19.5 226.9 150.5 1.51
3 -8.2 -10.8 -9.5 32.5 239.9 163.5 1.47
4 -10.8 -13.4 -12.1 45.5 252.9 176.5 1.43
5 -13.4 -16 -14.7 58.5 265.9 189.5 1.40
6 -16 -18.6 -17.3 71.5 278.9 202.5 1.38
7 -18.6 -21.2 -19.9 84.5 291.9 215.5 1.35
8 -21.2 -23.8 -22.5 97.5 304.9 228.5 1.33
9 -23.8 -26.4 -25.1 110.5 317.9 241.5 1.32
10 -26.4 -29 -27.7 123.5 330.9 254.5 1.30

For Vertical Drains


D 1.05 m
d 0.066 m
qw 5.0E-05 m3/s
kc 5.0E-08 m/s
F(n) 2.017
b 0.85100
Dt 15
-Ln B/Dt 0.01076
ch 0.002989718 m2/day
ch 1.09 m2/year

D 3 2 L2 k c
F ( n )  ln( ) - 
d 4 3 qw
8C h
-( )t
2
- bt F (n)D
U  1 - 8Ceh  1 -ln(e m )
b   -
F (n) D 2
Dt
where m is the slope in the fitted line in Asaoka's Plot,
and Dt is the time step for Si+1 and Si
DS(0)18-SM1-3A
Cumulative Settlement
No of Days Measuring Date Settlement Rate
(mm) (mm/day)
0 3-Nov-14 0.0 3-Nov-14 0
3 6-Nov-14 21.0 7.0
7 10-Nov-14 59.0 9.5
14 17-Nov-14 182.0 17.6
21 24-Nov-14 392.0 23.8
28 1-Dec-14 477.0 19.9
35 8-Dec-14 536.0 8.4
43 16-Dec-14 609.0 15.3
49 22-Dec-14 645.0 6.0
56 29-Dec-14 750.0 15.0
63 5-Jan-15 809.0 13.4
70 12-Jan-15 881.0 10.3
77 19-Jan-15 925.0 6.3
84 26-Jan-15 966.0 7.5
91 2-Feb-15 1014.0 7.3
98 9-Feb-15 1051.0 5.3
105 16-Feb-15 1085.0 5.1 16-Feb-15 1085
117 28-Feb-15 1143.0 5.0
124 7-Mar-15 1186.0 6.1
134 17-Mar-15 1219.0 4.5
140 23-Mar-15 1271.0 8.7
148 31-Mar-15 1295.0 3.0
157 9-Apr-15 1331.0 4.8
162 14-Apr-15 1379.0 9.6
169 21-Apr-15 1408.0 4.1
175 27-Apr-15 1439.0 5.2
182 4-May-15 1460.0 3.0
189 11-May-15 1488.0 3.5
198 20-May-15 1534.0 5.1
205 27-May-15 1556.0 3.1
215 6-Jun-15 1647.0 6.6
226 17-Jun-15 1760.0 10.3
235 26-Jun-15 1820.0 6.7
241 2-Jul-15 1858.0 6.5
250 11-Jul-15 1921.0 7.0
260 21-Jul-15 1940.0 1.9
267 28-Jul-15 1968.0 2.8
275 5-Aug-15 2012.0 5.5
282 12-Aug-15 2035.0 3.3
289 19-Aug-15 2066.0 3.9
296 26-Aug-15 2099.0 4.7
303 2-Sep-15 2126.0 4.3
310 9-Sep-15 2166.0 5.7
317 16-Sep-15 2158.0 -1.1
324 23-Sep-15 2221.0 3.9
334 3-Oct-15 2258.0 3.7
341 10-Oct-15 2297.0 5.6
348 17-Oct-15 2326.0 4.9
354 23-Oct-15 2338.0 2.0
361 30-Oct-15 2370.0 4.6
368 6-Nov-15 2408.0 5.4
375 13-Nov-15 2431.0 4.4 13-Nov-15 2431
381 19-Nov-15 2461.0 5.0
389 27-Nov-15 2493.0 4.0
390 28-Nov-15 2497.2 4.2 28-Nov-15 2497.1667
395 3-Dec-15 2518.0 4.1
403 11-Dec-15 2593.0 9.4
405 13-Dec-15 2602.7 4.8 13-Dec-15 2602.6667
409 17-Dec-15 2622.0 4.8
416 24-Dec-15 2689.0 7.4
420 28-Dec-15 2712.6 5.9 28-Dec-15 2712.5556
425 2-Jan-16 2742.0 5.9
430 7-Jan-16 2782.0 8.0
435 12-Jan-16 2828.4 9.3 12-Jan-16 2828.4286
437 14-Jan-16 2847.0 8.8
445 22-Jan-16 2892.0 5.6
450 27-Jan-16 2892.7 0.1 27-Jan-16 2892.7143
452 29-Jan-16 2893.0 0.1
458 4-Feb-16 2912.0 1.5
465 11-Feb-16 2919.6 1.1 11-Feb-16 2919.6364
469 15-Feb-16 2924.0 1.1
472 18-Feb-16 3034.0 36.7
480 26-Feb-16 3053.0 11.7 26-Feb-16 3053
487 4-Mar-16 3092.0 5.6
494 11-Mar-16 3101.0 1.3
495 12-Mar-16 3106.0 5.0 12-Mar-16 3106
501 18-Mar-16 3136.0 3.1
509 26-Mar-16 3181.0 5.6
510 27-Mar-16 3183.4 2.4 27-Mar-16 3183.4286
516 2-Apr-16 3198.0 2.4
522 8-Apr-16 3221.0 3.1
525 11-Apr-16 3227.0 2.0 11-Apr-16 3227
528 14-Apr-16 3233.0 2.0
536 22-Apr-16 3254.0 2.6
540 26-Apr-16 3266.5 3.1 26-Apr-16 3266.5333
551 7-May-16 3301.0 3.1
555 11-May-16 3311.3 2.6 11-May-16 3311.2857
558 14-May-16 3319.0 2.6
13-Nov-15 2431 0.0 1
28-Nov-15 2497.1667 21.0 15 4 3319.0
13-Dec-15 2602.6667 59.0 15 8
28-Dec-15 2712.5556 182.0 15 15
12-Jan-16 2828.4286 392.0 15 7
27-Jan-16 2892.7143 477.0 15 14
11-Feb-16 2919.6364 536.0 15 6
26-Feb-16 3053 609.0 15 14
12-Mar-16 3106 645.0 15 5
27-Mar-16 3183.4286 750.0 15 12
11-Apr-16 3227 809.0 15 4
26-Apr-16 3266.5333 881.0 15 11
11-May-16 3311.2857 925.0 15 3
966.0 10
1014.0 2
1051.0 9
1085.0 1
1143.0 13
1186.0 5
1219.0 15
1271.0 6
1295.0 14
1331.0 8
1379.0 13
1408.0 5
1439.0 11
1460.0 3
1488.0 10
1534.0 4
1556.0 11
1647.0 6
1760.0 2
1820.0 11
1858.0 2
1921.0 11
1940.0 6
1968.0 13
2012.0 6
2035.0 13
2066.0 5
2099.0 12
2126.0 4
2166.0 11
2158.0 3
2221.0 10
2258.0 5
2297.0 12
2326.0 4
2338.0 10
2370.0 2
2408.0 9
2431.0 1
2461.0 7
2493.0 15
2497.2 1
2518.0 6
2593.0 14
2602.7 1
2622.0 5
2689.0 12
2712.6 1
2742.0 6
2782.0 11
2828.4 1
2847.0 3
2892.0 11
2892.7 1
2893.0 3
2912.0 9
2919.6 1
2924.0 5
3034.0 8
3053.0 1
3092.0 8
3101.0 15
3106.0 1
3136.0 7
3181.0 15
3183.4 1
3198.0 7
3221.0 13
3227.0 1
3233.0 4
3254.0 12
3266.5 1
3301.0 12
3311.3 1
3319.0 4
Back Analysis of Settlement Monitoring Data
Asaoka Analysis
By

Settlement monitoring data


DS(0)18-SM1-3A
Day Date Si Si+1 Pred sett
0 3-Nov-14 ###
375 13-Nov-15 2431 2497.17 2371.8
390 28-Nov-15 2497.17 2602.67 2520.9
405 13-Dec-15 2602.67 2712.56 2651.0 Time of surcharge reached
420 28-Dec-15 2712.56 2828.43 2764.3 +11.5mPD
435 12-Jan-16 2828.43 2892.71 2863.2
450 27-Jan-16 2892.71 2919.64 2949.4
465 11-Feb-16 2919.64 3053 3024.5
480 26-Feb-16 3053 3106 3090.0
495 12-Mar-16 3106 3183.43 3147.2
510 27-Mar-16 3183.43 3227 3197.0
525 11-Apr-16 3227 3266.53 3240.4
540 26-Apr-16 3266.53 3311.29 3278.3
555 11-May-16 3311.29 3311.29 * Predicted sett curve
562 3325.2
569 3338.3
576 3350.5 Residual primary sett
583 3362.0 174.0 8-Jun-16
590 3372.8 163.2 15-Jun-16
597 3382.9 153.1 22-Jun-16
604 3392.4 143.6 29-Jun-16
611 3401.3 134.7 6-Jul-16
Back Analysis of Settlement Monitoring Data
Asaoka Analysis
By
618 3409.6 126.4 13-Jul-16
625 3417.5 118.5 20-Jul-16
632 3424.8 111.2 27-Jul-16
639 3431.7 104.3 3-Aug-16
646 3438.2 97.8 10-Aug-16
653 3444.2 91.8 17-Aug-16
660 3449.9 86.1 24-Aug-16
667 3455.3 80.7 31-Aug-16
674 3460.3 75.7 7-Sep-16
681 3465.0 71.0 14-Sep-16
688 3469.4 66.6 21-Sep-16
695 3473.5 62.5 28-Sep-16
702 3477.4 58.6 5-Oct-16
709 3481.0 55.0 12-Oct-16
716 3484.4 51.6 19-Oct-16
723 3487.6 48.4 26-Oct-16
730 3490.6 45.4 2-Nov-16
737 3493.4 42.6 9-Nov-16
744 3496.1 39.9 16-Nov-16
751 3498.5 37.5 23-Nov-16
758 3500.8 35.2 30-Nov-16
765 3503.0 33.0 7-Dec-16
772 3505.1 30.9 14-Dec-16
779 3507.0 29.0 21-Dec-16

Sult 3536 * Ultimate primary settlement


l
-Ln B/Dt 0.00914 * Exponential constant
t1 301.566

1 : 1 Line 0 0
5000 5000

Fit b 0.8719 * Slope of Si+1 vs Si plot


S0 452.962 mm * Intercept of Si+1 vs Si plot
Sult 3536 mm * Ultimate primary settlement
Dt 15 * Time step between Si and Si+1
-LNb/Dt
-Ln B/Dt 0.00914 * Exponential constant
Back Analysis of Settlement Monitoring Data
Asaoka Analysis
By
Predicted Settlement plot

Si+1 - Si Plot
4000
3800
Time of surcharge
3600
reached +11.5mPD
3400
3200
3000
Si+1

2800
2600
2400
2200
2000
2000 2200 2400 2600 2800 3000 3200 3400 3600 3800 4000
Si
Settlement Plot Time (day)
0 100 200 300 400 500 600 700 800 900
2000
DS(0)18-SM1-3A
2200 Predicted Settlement
plot
2400 Total Primary Settlement
Settlement (mm)

2600
2800
3000
Time of surcharge
3200 reached +11.5mPD
3400
3600
3800
217
Residual primary settlement of MD and Alluvium 217.0 mm
Back Analysis of Settlement Monitoring Data
Asaoka Analysis
By

DS(0)18-SM1-3A
Projected Total Primary Settlement 3536.0 mm
Settlement at latest monitoring date 3311.3 mm
Degree of consolidation (under surcharge) 93.6%
MD thickness, H 26.0 m
Dsf, surcharge' 219.0 kPa
Ds' at the given degree of consolidation 205.1 kPa
Dsf,perm' at permanent loading 131.0 kPa

MD
Layer Top Bottom mid sv0 sv' sv,perm' OCR
1 -3 -5.6 -4.3 6.5 211.6 137.5 1.54
2 -5.6 -8.2 -6.9 19.5 224.6 150.5 1.49
3 -8.2 -10.8 -9.5 32.5 237.6 163.5 1.45
4 -10.8 -13.4 -12.1 45.5 250.6 176.5 1.42
5 -13.4 -16 -14.7 58.5 263.6 189.5 1.39
6 -16 -18.6 -17.3 71.5 276.6 202.5 1.37
7 -18.6 -21.2 -19.9 84.5 289.6 215.5 1.34
8 -21.2 -23.8 -22.5 97.5 302.6 228.5 1.32
9 -23.8 -26.4 -25.1 110.5 315.6 241.5 1.31
10 -26.4 -29 -27.7 123.5 328.6 254.5 1.29

For Vertical Drains


D 1.05 m
d 0.066 m
qw 5.0E-05 m3/s
kc 5.0E-08 m/s
F(n) 2.017
b 0.87190
Dt 15
-Ln B/Dt 0.00914
ch 0.002540128 m2/day
ch 0.93 m2/year

D 3 2 L2 k c
F ( n )  ln( ) - 
d 4 3 qw
8C
8C h ln( m- ()F ( n ) D h
)t
b  - bt  -
2

U  1 - e 2  1 - e
F (n) D Dt
where m is the slope in the fitted line in Asaoka's Plot,
and Dt is the time step for Si+1 and Si
DS(0)19-SM1-3A
Cumulative Settlement
No of Measuring Date Settlement Rate
Days (mm) (mm/day)
0 17-Nov-14 0.0
7 24-Nov-14 116.0 16.6 17-Nov-14 0
14 1-Dec-14 206.0 12.9
21 8-Dec-14 272.0 9.4
29 16-Dec-14 352.0 9.7
35 22-Dec-14 385.0 8.5
42 29-Dec-14 517.0 18.9
49 5-Jan-15 586.0 10.9
56 12-Jan-15 664.0 11.1
63 19-Jan-15 720.0 8.0
70 26-Jan-15 764.0 10.0
77 2-Feb-15 825.0 8.7
84 9-Feb-15 866.0 5.9
91 16-Feb-15 924.0 7.6
103 28-Feb-15 1021.0 7.8
110 7-Mar-15 1064.0 6.1
120 17-Mar-15 1086.0 3.8
168 4-May-15 1086.0 1.0 17-Mar-15 1086
175 11-May-15 1129.0 6.1
184 20-May-15 1172.0 5.4
191 27-May-15 1184.0 1.7
201 6-Jun-15 1296.0 11.2
212 17-Jun-15 1434.0 3.8
221 26-Jun-15 1517.0 9.2
227 2-Jul-15 1549.0 5.3
236 11-Jul-15 1620.0 7.9
246 21-Jul-15 1642.0 2.2
253 28-Jul-15 1675.0 3.2
261 5-Aug-15 1722.0 5.9
268 12-Aug-15 1753.0 4.4
275 19-Aug-15 1793.0 5.1
282 26-Aug-15 1858.0 9.3
289 2-Sep-15 1906.0 6.9
296 9-Sep-15 1924.0 4.7
303 16-Sep-15 1931.0 1.0
310 23-Sep-15 2019.0 12.6
320 3-Oct-15 2089.0 9.3
327 10-Oct-15 2133.0 6.3
334 17-Oct-15 2165.0 4.6
340 23-Oct-15 2180.0 3.6
345 28-Oct-15 2206.4 5.3
347 30-Oct-15 2217.0 5.3 28-Oct-15 2206.4286
354 6-Nov-15 2262.0 5.9
360 12-Nov-15 2289.4 4.6
361 13-Nov-15 2294.0 4.6 12-Nov-15 2289.4286
367 19-Nov-15 2325.0 5.2
375 27-Nov-15 2355.0 4.4
381 3-Dec-15 2368.0 2.2 27-Nov-15 2355
389 11-Dec-15 2442.0 9.3
390 12-Dec-15 2453.8 11.8
395 17-Dec-15 2513.0 10.4 12-Dec-15 2453.8333
402 24-Dec-15 2587.0 10.6
405 27-Dec-15 2618.7 10.6
411 2-Jan-16 2682.0 10.6 27-Dec-15 2618.6667
416 7-Jan-16 2738.0 11.2
420 11-Jan-16 2772.3 8.6
423 14-Jan-16 2798.0 9.7 11-Jan-16 2772.2857
431 22-Jan-16 2841.0 7.9
435 26-Jan-16 2842.1 0.3
438 29-Jan-16 2843.0 0.3 26-Jan-16 2842.1429
444 4-Feb-16 2857.0 1.2
450 10-Feb-16 2863.0 1.0
455 15-Feb-16 2868.0 1.1 10-Feb-16 2863
458 18-Feb-16 2928.0 20.0
465 25-Feb-16 2987.5 8.5
466 26-Feb-16 2996.0 11.6 25-Feb-16 2987.5
473 4-Mar-16 3040.0 6.3
480 11-Mar-16 3053.0 1.9
487 18-Mar-16 3085.0 4.2 11-Mar-16 3053
495 26-Mar-16 3129.0 6.5
502 2-Apr-16 3146.0 2.4 26-Mar-16 3129
508 8-Apr-16 3164.0 2.7
510 10-Apr-16 3167.0 1.5
514 14-Apr-16 3173.0 2.3 10-Apr-16 3167
522 22-Apr-16 3197.0 3.0
525 25-Apr-16 3204.8 2.6
537 7-May-16 3236.0 2.7 25-Apr-16 3204.8
540 10-May-16 3243.7 2.6
544 14-May-16 3254.0 2.7 10-May-16 3243.7143
28-Oct-15 2206.4286 0.0 1
12-Nov-15 2289.4286 116.0 15 8
27-Nov-15 2355 206.0 15 15
12-Dec-15 2453.8333 272.0 15 7
27-Dec-15 2618.6667 352.0 15 15
11-Jan-16 2772.2857 385.0 15 6
26-Jan-16 2842.1429 517.0 15 13
10-Feb-16 2863 586.0 15 5
25-Feb-16 2987.5 664.0 15 12
11-Mar-16 3053 720.0 15 4
26-Mar-16 3129 764.0 15 11
10-Apr-16 3167 825.0 15 3
25-Apr-16 3204.8 866.0 15 10
10-May-16 3243.7143 924.0 15 2
1021.0 14
1064.0 6
1086.0 1
1086.0 4
1129.0 11
1172.0 5
1184.0 12
1296.0 7
1434.0 3
1517.0 12
1549.0 3
1620.0 12
1642.0 7
1675.0 14
1722.0 7
1753.0 14
1793.0 6
1858.0 13
1906.0 5
1924.0 12
1931.0 4
2019.0 11
2089.0 6
2133.0 13
2165.0 5
2180.0 11
2206.4 1
2217.0 3
2262.0 10
2289.4 1
2294.0 2
2325.0 8
2355.0 1
2368.0 7
2442.0 15
2453.8 1
2513.0 6
2587.0 13
2618.7 1
2682.0 7
2738.0 12
2772.3 1
2798.0 4
2841.0 12
2842.1 1
2843.0 4
2857.0 10
2863.0 1
2868.0 6
2928.0 9
2987.5 1
2996.0 2
3040.0 9
3053.0 1
3085.0 8
3129.0 1
3146.0 8
3164.0 14
3167.0 1
3173.0 5
3197.0 13
3204.8 1
3236.0 13
3243.7 1
3254.0 5
3254.0
Back Analysis of Settlement Monitoring Data
Asaoka Analysis
By

Settlement monitoring data


DS(0)19-SM1-3A
Day Date Si Si+1 Pred sett
0 17-Nov-14 ###
345 28-Oct-15 2206.43 2289.43 1699.7
360 12-Nov-15 2289.43 2355 1958.5
375 27-Nov-15 2355 2453.83 2179.5
390 12-Dec-15 2453.83 2618.67 2368.2
Time of surcharge reached
405 27-Dec-15 2618.67 2772.29 2529.3 +11.5mPD
420 11-Jan-16 2772.29 2842.14 2666.9
435 26-Jan-16 2842.14 2863 2784.4
450 10-Feb-16 2863 2987.5 2884.7
465 25-Feb-16 2987.5 3053 2970.3
480 11-Mar-16 3053 3129 3043.5
495 26-Mar-16 3129 3167 3106.0
510 10-Apr-16 3167 3204.8 3159.3
525 25-Apr-16 3204.8 3243.71 3204.8
540 10-May-16 3243.71 3243.71 * Predicted sett curve
547 3259.9 Residual primary sett
554 3274.9 196.1 24-May-16
561 3288.8 182.2 31-May-16
568 3301.7 169.3 7-Jun-16
575 3313.8 157.2 14-Jun-16
582 3324.9 146.1 21-Jun-16
589 3335.3 135.7 28-Jun-16
596 3345.0 126.0 5-Jul-16
Back Analysis of Settlement Monitoring Data
Asaoka Analysis
By
603 3353.9 117.1 12-Jul-16
610 3362.2 108.8 19-Jul-16
617 3370.0 101.0 26-Jul-16
624 3377.1 93.9 2-Aug-16
631 3383.8 87.2 9-Aug-16
638 3390.0 81.0 16-Aug-16
645 3395.8 75.2 23-Aug-16
652 3401.1 69.9 30-Aug-16
659 3406.1 64.9 6-Sep-16
666 3410.7 60.3 13-Sep-16
673 3415.0 56.0 20-Sep-16
680 3419.0 52.0 27-Sep-16
687 3422.7 48.3 4-Oct-16
694 3426.1 44.9 11-Oct-16
701 3429.3 41.7 18-Oct-16
708 3432.2 38.8 25-Oct-16
715 3435.0 36.0 1-Nov-16
722 3437.6 33.4 8-Nov-16
729 3439.9 31.1 15-Nov-16
736 3442.1 28.9 22-Nov-16
743 3444.2 26.8 29-Nov-16
750 3446.1 24.9 6-Dec-16
757 3447.9 23.1 13-Dec-16
764 3449.5 21.5 20-Dec-16

Sult 3471 * Ultimate primary settlement


l
-Ln B/Dt 0.01053 * Exponential constant
t1 258.893

1 : 1 Line 0 0
5000 5000

Fit b 0.854 * Slope of Si+1 vs Si plot


S0 507.11 mm * Intercept of Si+1 vs Si plot
Sult 3471 mm * Ultimate primary settlement
Dt 15 * Time step between Si and Si+1
-LNb/Dt
-Ln B/Dt 0.01053 * Exponential constant
Back Analysis of Settlement Monitoring Data
Asaoka Analysis
By
Predicted Settlement plot

Si+1 - Si Plot
3900

3700 Time of surcharge


reached +11.5mPD
3500

3300
Si+1

3100

2900

2700

2500
2500 2700 2900 3100 3300 3500 3700 3900
Si
Settlement Plot Time (day)
0 100 200 300 400 500 600 700 800 900
1000
DS(0)19-SM1-3A
Predicted Settlement
1500 plot
Total Primary Settlement
Settlement (mm)

2000
Time of surcharge
2500 reached +11.5mPD

3000

3500

4000

Residual primary settlement of MD and Alluvium 217.0 mm


Back Analysis of Settlement Monitoring Data
Asaoka Analysis
By

DS(0)19-SM1-3A
Projected Total Primary Settlement 3471.0 mm
Settlement at latest monitoring date 3243.7 mm
Degree of consolidation (under surcharge) 93.5%
MD thickness, H 26.0 m
Dsf, surcharge' 219.0 kPa
Ds' at the given degree of consolidation 204.7 kPa
Dsf,perm' at permanent loading 131.0 kPa

MD
Layer Top Bottom mid sv0 sv' sv,perm' OCR
1 -3 -5.6 -4.3 6.5 211.2 137.5 1.54
2 -5.6 -8.2 -6.9 19.5 224.2 150.5 1.49
3 -8.2 -10.8 -9.5 32.5 237.2 163.5 1.45
4 -10.8 -13.4 -12.1 45.5 250.2 176.5 1.42
5 -13.4 -16 -14.7 58.5 263.2 189.5 1.39
6 -16 -18.6 -17.3 71.5 276.2 202.5 1.36
7 -18.6 -21.2 -19.9 84.5 289.2 215.5 1.34
8 -21.2 -23.8 -22.5 97.5 302.2 228.5 1.32
9 -23.8 -26.4 -25.1 110.5 315.2 241.5 1.31
10 -26.4 -29 -27.7 123.5 328.2 254.5 1.29

For Vertical Drains


D 1.05 m
d 0.066 m
qw 5.0E-05 m3/s
kc 5.0E-08 m/s
F(n) 2.017
b 0.85390
Dt 15
-Ln B/Dt 0.01053
ch 0.002926679 m2/day
ch 1.07 m2/year

D 3 2 L2 k c
F ( n )  ln( ) - 
d 4 3 qw
8C h
-( )t
2
- bt F (n)D
U  1 - e  1 - e
8C h ln( m )
b   -
F (n) D 2
Dt
where m is the slope in the fitted line in Asaoka's Plot,
and Dt is the time step for Si+1 and Si
DS(0)20-SM1-3A
Settlement
No of Measuring Cumulative
Days Date Settlement (mm) Rate
(mm/day)
0 17-Nov-14 1940.0
7 24-Nov-14 1990.0 7.1
14 1-Dec-14 2030.0 5.7 17-Nov-14 1940
15 2-Dec-14 2035.3 5.3
21 8-Dec-14 2067.0 5.3
29 16-Dec-14 2106.0 5.1 2-Dec-14 2035.285714
30 17-Dec-14 2109.8 3.8
35 22-Dec-14 2129.0 4.7
42 29-Dec-14 2191.0 8.9 17-Dec-14 2109.833333
45 1-Jan-15 2207.3 5.4
49 5-Jan-15 2229.0 5.7
56 12-Jan-15 2278.0 7.0 1-Jan-15 2207.285714
60 16-Jan-15 2296.3 4.6
63 19-Jan-15 2310.0 5.8
70 26-Jan-15 2342.0 5.4 16-Jan-15 2296.285714
75 31-Jan-15 2369.9 5.6
77 2-Feb-15 2381.0 5.6
84 9-Feb-15 2400.0 4.1 31-Jan-15 2369.857143
90 15-Feb-15 2424.9 4.1
91 16-Feb-15 2429.0 4.1
103 28-Feb-15 2477.0 4.0 15-Feb-15 2424.857143
105 2-Mar-15 2490.7 6.9
110 7-Mar-15 2525.0 4.6
120 17-Mar-15 2547.0 2.2 2-Mar-15 2490.714286
126 23-Mar-15 2601.0 9.0
134 31-Mar-15 2616.0 1.9 17-Mar-15 2547
135 1-Apr-15 2619.6 3.6
143 9-Apr-15 2648.0 3.6
148 14-Apr-15 2670.0 4.4 1-Apr-15 2619.555556
150 16-Apr-15 2674.9 2.4
155 21-Apr-15 2687.0 2.4
161 27-Apr-15 2706.0 3.2 16-Apr-15 2674.857143
165 1-May-15 2717.4 2.9
168 4-May-15 2726.0 2.9
175 11-May-15 2749.0 3.3 1-May-15 2717.428571
180 16-May-15 2767.3 3.7
184 20-May-15 2782.0 3.7
191 27-May-15 2781.0 -0.1 ### 2767.333333
195 31-May-15 2800.6 4.9
201 6-Jun-15 2830.0 4.9
210 15-Jun-15 2890.5 6.7 ### 2800.6
212 17-Jun-15 2904.0 6.7
221 26-Jun-15 2969.0 7.2 15-Jun-15 2890.545455
225 30-Jun-15 2982.3 3.3
227 2-Jul-15 2989.0 3.3
236 11-Jul-15 3034.0 5.0 30-Jun-15 2982.333333
240 15-Jul-15 3034.0 0.0
243 18-Jul-15 3034.0 0.0
250 25-Jul-15 3055.0 3.0 15-Jul-15 3034
253 28-Jul-15 3058.0 1.0
255 30-Jul-15 3066.8 4.4
261 5-Aug-15 3093.0 4.4
268 12-Aug-15 3103.0 1.4 30-Jul-15 3066.75
270 14-Aug-15 3111.9 4.4
275 19-Aug-15 3134.0 4.4
282 26-Aug-15 3148.0 2.0 14-Aug-15 3111.857143
285 29-Aug-15 3158.7 3.6
289 2-Sep-15 3173.0 3.6
296 9-Sep-15 3204.0 4.4 29-Aug-15 3158.714286
300 13-Sep-15 3200.6 -0.9
303 16-Sep-15 3198.0 -0.9
310 23-Sep-15 3256.0 8.3 13-Sep-15 3200.571429
315 28-Sep-15 3279.5 4.7
320 3-Oct-15 3303.0 4.7
326 9-Oct-15 3320.0 2.8 28-Sep-15 3279.5
330 13-Oct-15 3334.7 3.7
332 15-Oct-15 3342.0 3.7
340 23-Oct-15 3407.0 8.1 13-Oct-15 3334.666667
345 28-Oct-15 3434.1 5.4
347 30-Oct-15 3445.0 5.4
354 6-Nov-15 3487.0 6.0 28-Oct-15 3434.142857
360 12-Nov-15 3520.4 5.6
361 13-Nov-15 3526.0 5.6
367 19-Nov-15 3563.0 6.2 12-Nov-15 3520.428571
375 27-Nov-15 3602.0 4.9
381 3-Dec-15 3638.0 6.0
389 11-Dec-15 3683.0 5.6 27-Nov-15 3602
390 12-Dec-15 3686.2 3.2
395 17-Dec-15 3702.0 3.2
402 24-Dec-15 3736.0 4.9 12-Dec-15 3686.166667
405 27-Dec-15 3745.0 3.0
411 2-Jan-16 3763.0 3.0
416 7-Jan-16 3787.0 4.8 27-Dec-15 3745
420 11-Jan-16 3803.6 4.1
423 14-Jan-16 3816.0 4.1
431 22-Jan-16 3826.0 1.2 11-Jan-16 3803.571429
435 26-Jan-16 3826.0 0.0
438 29-Jan-16 3826.0 0.0
444 4-Feb-16 3850.0 4.0 26-Jan-16 3826
450 10-Feb-16 3856.5 1.1
455 15-Feb-16 3862.0 1.1
458 18-Feb-16 3902.0 13.3 10-Feb-16 3856.545455
465 25-Feb-16 3916.0 2.0
466 26-Feb-16 3918.0 2.0
473 4-Mar-16 3927.0 1.3 25-Feb-16 3916
480 11-Mar-16 3939.0 1.7
487 18-Mar-16 3950.0 1.6
495 26-Mar-16 3986.0 4.5 11-Mar-16 3939
510 10-Apr-16 4004.2 1.2
514 14-Apr-16 4009.0 1.2 26-Mar-16 3986
522 22-Apr-16 4013.0 0.5 10-Apr-16 4004.157895
525 25-Apr-16 4018.8 1.9
537 7-May-16 4042.0 1.9
540 10-May-16 4049.7 2.6 25-Apr-16 4018.8
544 14-May-16 4060.0 2.6
### 4049.714286
13.3

17-Nov-14 1940 1940.0 1


2-Dec-14 2035.2857143 1990.0 15 8
17-Dec-14 2109.8333333 2030.0 15 15
1-Jan-15 2207.2857143 2035.3 15 1
16-Jan-15 2296.2857143 2067.0 15 7
31-Jan-15 2369.8571429 2106.0 15 15
15-Feb-15 2424.8571429 2109.8 15 1
2-Mar-15 2490.7142857 2129.0 15 6
17-Mar-15 2547 2191.0 15 13
1-Apr-15 2619.5555556 2207.3 15 1
16-Apr-15 2674.8571429 2229.0 15 5
1-May-15 2717.4285714 2278.0 15 12
### 2767.3333333 2296.3 15 1
### 2800.6 2310.0 15 4
15-Jun-15 2890.5454545 2342.0 15 11
30-Jun-15 2982.3333333 2369.9 15 1
15-Jul-15 3034 2381.0 15 3
30-Jul-15 3066.75 2400.0 15 10
14-Aug-15 3111.8571429 2424.9 15 1
29-Aug-15 3158.7142857 2429.0 15 2
13-Sep-15 3200.5714286 2477.0 15 14
28-Sep-15 3279.5 2490.7 15 1
13-Oct-15 3334.6666667 2525.0 15 6
28-Oct-15 3434.1428571 2547.0 15 1
12-Nov-15 3520.4285714 2601.0 15 7
27-Nov-15 3602 2616.0 15 15
12-Dec-15 3686.1666667 2619.6 15 1
27-Dec-15 3745 2648.0 15 9
11-Jan-16 3803.5714286 2670.0 14
26-Jan-16 3826 2674.9 1
10-Feb-16 3856.5454545 2687.0 6
25-Feb-16 3916 2706.0 12
11-Mar-16 3939 2717.4 1
26-Mar-16 3986 2726.0 4
10-Apr-16 4004.1578947 2749.0 11
25-Apr-16 4018.8 2767.3 1
### 4049.7142857 2782.0 5
2781.0 12
2800.6 1
2830.0 7
2890.5 1
2904.0 3
2969.0 12
2982.3 1
2989.0 3
3034.0 12
3034.0 1
3034.0 4
3055.0 11
3058.0 14
3066.8 1
3093.0 7
3103.0 14
3111.9 1
3134.0 6
3148.0 13
3158.7 1
3173.0 5
3204.0 12
3200.6 1
3198.0 4
3256.0 11
3279.5 1
3303.0 6
3320.0 12
3334.7 1
3342.0 3
3407.0 11
3434.1 1
3445.0 3
3487.0 10
3520.4 1
3526.0 2
3563.0 8
3602.0 1
3638.0 7
3683.0 15
3686.2 1
3702.0 6
3736.0 13
3745.0 1
3763.0 7
3787.0 12
3803.6 1
3816.0 4
3826.0 12
3826.0 1
3826.0 4
3850.0 10
3856.5 1
3862.0 6
3902.0 9
3916.0 1
3918.0 2
3927.0 9
3939.0 1
3950.0 8
3986.0 1
4004.2 1
4009.0 5
4013.0 13
4018.8 1
4042.0 13
4049.7 1
4060.0 5
Back Analysis of Settlement Monitoring Data
Asaoka Analysis
By

Settlement monitoring data


DS(0)20-SM1-3A
Day Date Si Si+1 Pred sett
0 17-Nov-14 ###
150 16-Apr-15 2674.86 2717.43 -113.4
165 1-May-15 2717.43 2767.33 436.4
180 16-May-15 2767.33 2800.6 915.6
195 31-May-15 2800.6 2890.55 1333.3
210 15-Jun-15 2890.55 2982.33 1697.4
225 30-Jun-15 2982.33 3034 2014.8
240 15-Jul-15 3034 3066.75 2291.4
255 30-Jul-15 3066.75 3111.86 2532.6
270 14-Aug-15 3111.86 3158.71 2742.8
285 29-Aug-15 3158.71 3200.57 2926.0
300 13-Sep-15 3200.57 3279.5 3085.7
315 28-Sep-15 3279.5 3334.67 3224.8
330 13-Oct-15 3334.67 3434.14 3346.2
345 28-Oct-15 3434.14 3520.43 3451.9 Time of surcharge reached
360 12-Nov-15 3520.43 3602 3544.1 +11.5mPD
375 27-Nov-15 3602 3686.17 3624.5
390 12-Dec-15 3686.17 3745 3694.5
405 27-Dec-15 3745 3803.57 3755.5
420 11-Jan-16 3803.57 3826 3808.8
435 26-Jan-16 3826 3856.55 3855.1
450 10-Feb-16 3856.55 3916 3895.6
465 25-Feb-16 3916 3939 3930.8
480 11-Mar-16 3939 3986 3961.5
495 26-Mar-16 3986 4004.16 3988.3
510 10-Apr-16 4004.16 4018.8 4011.6
525 25-Apr-16 4018.8 4049.71 4032.0
540 10-May-16 4049.71 4049.71 * Predicted sett curve
547 4057.2
554 4064.2
561 4070.8 Residual primary sett
568 4077.0 93.2 7-Jun-16
575 4082.7 87.4 14-Jun-16
582 4088.2 82.0 21-Jun-16
589 4093.3 76.9 28-Jun-16
596 4098.0 72.1 5-Jul-16
Back Analysis of Settlement Monitoring Data
Asaoka Analysis
By

603 4102.5 67.6 12-Jul-16


610 4106.7 63.4 19-Jul-16
617 4110.6 59.5 26-Jul-16
624 4114.3 55.8 2-Aug-16
631 4117.8 52.3 9-Aug-16
638 4121.1 49.1 16-Aug-16
645 4124.1 46.0 23-Aug-16
652 4127.0 43.2 30-Aug-16
659 4129.6 40.5 6-Sep-16
666 4132.2 38.0 13-Sep-16
673 4134.5 35.6 20-Sep-16
680 4136.7 33.4 27-Sep-16
687 4138.8 31.3 4-Oct-16
694 4140.7 29.4 11-Oct-16
701 4142.6 27.6 18-Oct-16
708 4144.3 25.9 25-Oct-16
715 4145.9 24.2 1-Nov-16
722 4147.4 22.7 8-Nov-16
729 4148.8 21.3 15-Nov-16
736 4150.1 20.0 22-Nov-16
743 4151.4 18.8 29-Nov-16
750 4152.5 17.6 6-Dec-16
757 4153.6 16.5 13-Dec-16
764 4154.7 15.5 20-Dec-16

Sult 4170.13 * Ultimate primary settlement


l
-Ln B/Dt 0.00916 * Exponential constant
t1 387.071

1 : 1 Line 0 0
5000 5000

Fit b 0.87165 * Slope of Si+1 vs Si plot


S0 535.236 mm * Intercept of Si+1 vs Si plot
Sult 4170.13 mm * Ultimate primary settlement
Dt 15 * Time step between Si and Si+1
-LNb/Dt
-Ln B/Dt 0.00916 * Exponential constant
Back Analysis of Settlement Monitoring Data
Asaoka Analysis
By

Predicted Settlement plot

Si+1 - Si Plot
4500
4300
Time of surcharge
4100
reached +11.5mPD
3900
3700
3500
Si+1

3300
3100
2900
2700
2500
2500 2700 2900 3100 3300 3500 3700 3900 4100 4300 4500
Si
Settlement Plot Time (day)
0 100 200 300 400 500 600 700 800 900
2000
DS(0)20-SM1-3A
Predicted Settlement
plot
2500
Total Primary Settlement
Settlement (mm)

3000 Time of surcharge


reached +11.5mPD
3500

4000

4500

Residual primary settlement of MD and Alluvium 4156.8 mm


Back Analysis of Settlement Monitoring Data
Asaoka Analysis
By

DS(0)20-SM1-3A
Projected Total Primary Settlement 4170.1 mm
Settlement at latest monitoring date 4049.7 mm
Degree of consolidation (under surcharge) 97.1%
MD thickness, H 26.0 m
Dsf, surcharge' 219.0 kPa
Ds' at the given degree of consolidation 212.7 kPa
Dsf,perm' at permanent loading 131.0 kPa

MD
Layer Top Bottom mid sv0 sv' sv,perm' OCR
1 -3 -5.6 -4.3 6.5 219.2 137.5 1.59
2 -5.6 -8.2 -6.9 19.5 232.2 150.5 1.54
3 -8.2 -10.8 -9.5 32.5 245.2 163.5 1.50
4 -10.8 -13.4 -12.1 45.5 258.2 176.5 1.46
5 -13.4 -16 -14.7 58.5 271.2 189.5 1.43
6 -16 -18.6 -17.3 71.5 284.2 202.5 1.40
7 -18.6 -21.2 -19.9 84.5 297.2 215.5 1.38
8 -21.2 -23.8 -22.5 97.5 310.2 228.5 1.36
9 -23.8 -26.4 -25.1 110.5 323.2 241.5 1.34
10 -26.4 -29 -27.7 123.5 336.2 254.5 1.32

For Vertical Drains


D 1.05 m
d 0.066 m
qw 5.0E-05 m3/s
kc 5.0E-08 m/s
F(n) 2.017
b 0.87165
Dt 15
-Ln B/Dt 0.00916
ch 0.00254544 m2/day
ch 0.93 m2/year

D 3 2 L2 k c
F ( n )  ln( ) - 
d 4 3 qw
8C
8C h ln( m- ()F ( n ) D h
)t
b  - bt  -
U  1 - e 2  1 - e
2

F (n) D Dt
where m is the slope in the fitted line in Asaoka's Plot,
and Dt is the time step for Si+1 and Si