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A Spanish Alphabetic Code

sounds graphemes, or spelling alternatives, which are code for the sounds notes

letter h does
/a/ a ha
not represent a
sound on its
manzana hada own in Spanish
(apple) (fairy)
/e/ e he

escoba helado
(broom) (ice cream)
between i y hi y sounds

/iandee/
between /i-ee/
when used as
insecto (and) hielo a link or at the
end of words
(insect) (ice)
/o/ o ho

pulpo hoja
(octopus) (leaf)
/u/ u hu
as in ‘put’
short /oo/ luna huevo
(moon) (egg)
/b/ b v

barco vaca
(boat) (cow)
/k/ c+a c+o c+u qu+e qu+i

casa chocolate cuchara queso mosquito


(house) (chocolate) (spoon) (cheese) (mosquito)
/ks/ x

taxi
(taxi)
this sound is
/ch/ ch
represented by
same as two letters
English chica
/ch/ (girl)
/d/ d

dedo
(finger)
/f/ f

falda
(skirt)
gue and gui –
/g/ g+a g+o g+u gu+e gu+i g+üe g+üi
the u does not
sound
güe and güi
gato goma guante juguete guitarra cigüena pingüino the u is code
for the long
(cat) (rubber) (glove) (toy) (guitar) (stork) (penguin) /oo/ sound

Copyright Debbie Hepplewhite & Coral George 2012


sounds graphemes, or spelling alternatives, which are code for the sounds notes

je and ji
/j/ j+a j+e j+i j+o j+u g+e g+i
(like ‘soft g’ in
pronounced English) – you
as Scottish have to learn
which words
loch jabon granjero jirafa ojo juguete angel colegio
are with je or
(soap) (farmer) (giraffe) (eye) (toy) (school) ge, also ji or
gi

/l/ l

lampara
(lamp)
you have to
/y/ ll y
learn which
words are
llave yo-yo spelt with ll or
* y
(key) (yo-yo)
/m/ m

mano
(hand)
/n/ n

nariz
(nose)
/ñ/similar ñ
to onion
España
(Spain)
/p/ p

pato
(duck)
soft sound
/r/ r r
when it is
written
between
vowels or after
pera tronco
a consonant
(pear) (trunk)
strong sound
/rr/ rr r
when the r is
like a rolled at the
/r/ perro reloj beginning or rr
is between
(dog) (watch)
vowels

/s/ s x

sol extraterrestre
(sun) (alien)
/t/ t

tomate
(tomato)
ze and zi are
/th/ z+a z+o z+u c+e c+i
not common
unvoiced
zapato cazo zumo cebolla cinturón
(shoe) (pan) (juice) (onion) (belt)
* /j/ This is just one version of a Spanish Alphabetic Code Chart and it is not definitive.
Note from Grace Vilar: In Argentina and Uruguay, the pronunciation of ‘y’ in ‘yo-yo’ and ‘ll’ in ‘llave’ is the same as /j/ in ‘jelly’;    there is no
as in jelly
/th/ as in zapato, cebolla, cinturon in Latin America, the first sounds are pronounced as /s/; the ‘x’ in extraterrestre is pronounced as /ks/ not /s/.

Copyright Debbie Hepplewhite & Coral George 2012