Introduction to Aspen Plus I t d ti t A Pl

Short Courses on Computer Applications for ChE Students

Speaker: JianKai Cheng (程建凱) p g (程建凱) d95524021@ntu.edu.tw
PSE Laboratory Department of Chemical Engineering Department of Chemical Engineering Nation Taiwan University

What is Aspen Plus What is Aspen Plus
• Aspen Plus is a market‐leading process modeling tool  for conceptual design, optimization, and  performance monitoring for the chemical, polymer,  specialty chemical, metals and minerals, and coal  power industries.

Ref: http://www.aspentech.com/products/aspen-plus.cfm

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What Aspen Plus provides What Aspen Plus provides
• Physical Property Models
– World’s largest database of pure component and phase equilibrium  data for conventional chemicals, electrolytes, solids, and polymers data for conventional chemicals electrolytes solids and polymers – Regularly updated with data from U. S. National Institute of Standards  and Technology (NIST)

• Comprehensive Library of Unit Operation Models
– Addresses a wide range of solid, liquid, and gas processing equipment – Extends steady‐state simulation to dynamic simulation for safety and  d d l d l f f d controllability studies, sizing relief valves, and optimizing transition,  startup, and shutdown policies – Enables you build your own libraries using Aspen Custom Modeler  or  programming languages (User‐defined models)

Ref: Aspen Plus® Product Brochure

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More Detailed More Detailed
• Properties analysis
– Properties of pure component and mixtures (Enthalpy,  density, viscosity, heat capacity,…etc) – Phase equilibrium (VLE, VLLE, azeotrope calculation…etc) – Parameters estimation for properties models (UNIFAC  method for binary parameters, Joback method for boiling  points…etc) points etc) – Data regression from experimental deta

• P Process simulation i l ti
– pump, compressor, valve, tank, heat exchanger, CSTR, PFR,  distillation column, extraction column, absorber, filter,  di till ti l t ti l b b filt crystallizer…etc 4

What course Aspen Plus  can be employed for • • • • • • • MASS AND ENERGY BALANCES PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY CHEMICAL ENGINEERING THERMODYNAMICS  CHEMICAL REACTION ENGINEERING CHEMICAL REACTION ENGINEERING UNIT OPERATIONS PROCESS DESIGN PROCESS CONTROL 5 .

Lesson Objectives Lesson Objectives • Familiar with the interface of Aspen Plus • Learn how to use properties analysis • Learn how to setup a basic process simulation 6 .

Problem Formulation 1: Calculation  the mixing properties of two stream  1 Mole Flow kmol/hr WATER BUOH BUAC Total Flow kmol/hr Temperature C Pressure bar Enthalpy kcal/mol Entropy cal/mol-K E t l/ l K Density kmol/cum 10 0 0 10 50 0 1 ? ? ? 2 0 9 6 15 80 1 ? ? ? 3 ? ? ? ? ? 1 ? ? ? 4 ? ? ? ? ? 10 ? ? ? Mass Balance Energy B l E Balance Enthalpy Entropy… 7 .

6 0.0 xWater and yWater What are flowrates and compositions of the two outlets? .2 0.0 0.8 1.5 zHAc=0.4 0.5 T=105 C P=1atm T ( C) o 110 105 100 0.Problem Formulation 2:  Flash Separation 120 T-x T T-y 115 Saturated Feed P=1atm F=100 kmol/hr zwater=0.

8 1.Problem Formulation 3: Dehydration of  Acetic Acid by Distillation Column  ( p (Optional) ) 1.0 10 yWater Reflux ratio ? 0.0 Duty ? xWater .2 0.4 0.2 0.6 0.0 00 0.8 0.0 0.4 0.6 0.

• Properties Analysis (1 hour) – Pure Component – Mixtures (phase equilibrium) • Running Simulation (1 hour) – Blocks (Unit Operations) – Streams (flow streams) – Results 10 . Properties. Components.Outline • Startup in Aspen Plus (Basic Input) (45 min) – User Interface – Basic Input: Setup.

Introduction to Aspen Plus – Part 1 Startup in Aspen Plus 11 .

Start with Aspen Plus Start with Aspen Plus Aspen Pl User I t f A Plus U Interface 12 .

Aspen Plus Startup Aspen Plus Startup 13 .

Interface of Aspen Plus Interface of Aspen Plus Process Flowsheet Windows Process Flowsheet Windows Model Library ( y | y) Model Library (View| Model Libraryy ) y (View|| Model Library Stream Status message 14 .

More Information More Information Help for Commands for Controlling Simulations 15 .

 and objects that have been defined 16 . results.Data Browser Data Browser • The Data Browser is a sheet and form viewer with a  hierarchical tree view of the available simulation  input.

Status Indicators Status Indicators 17 .

Basic Input Basic Input • The minimum required inputs to run a simulation  are: – – – – – Setup Components Properties Streams Blocks Property Analysis Process Simulation 18 .

Setup  – Setup   Setup – Specification Run Type Input mode 19 .

 Can contain  of physical property values when you do not  Property Analysis property constant estimation and assay data  want to perform a flowsheet simulation in the  analysis calculations.Setup  – Setup   Run Type Setup – Run Type Run Type Assay Data Analysis Description A standalone assay data  A t d l d t analysis/pseudocomponents generation run Use to Analyze assay data when you do not want to  A l d t h d t tt perform a flowsheet simulation in the same run.  A Flowsheet run (including sensitivity studies and  ( g y optimization). Can contain  Data Regression D t R i property constant estimation and property analysis  VLE LLE d th t t t ti ti d t l i VLE.  Prepare a property package for use with Aspen  Custom Modeler. Assay data  analysis and Property analysis Flowsheet Perform process simulations 20 .  Fit physical property model parameters required  by Aspen Plus to measured pure component. Aspen Pl i t d t A Plus  calculations. also include the following  calculations: Property estimation. with third party commercial  C M d l i h hi d i l engineering programs. same run Estimate property parameters when you do not  E i h d want to perform a flowsheet simulation in the  Property Estimation A standalone property constant estimation run same run.  You must be licensed to use Properties Plus. or with your company's  Properties Plus A Properties Plus setup run in house programs.  A standalone data regression run. cannot perform data regression in a Flowsheet  run. LLE and other mixture data. Perform property analysis by generating tables  P f l i b i bl A standalone property analysis run.

Components  – Components   Components – Specification Input components I t t with Component name or Formula 21 .

Input components Input components Remark: If available. are 22 .

) property parameters from databanks ) Click this button Find User Defined Elec Wizard Reorder Review 23 .Specification To do this Find components in the databanks Define a custom component that is not in  a databank Generate electrolyte components and  reactions from components you entered Reorder the components you have  specified Review databank data for components  you have specified (Retrieved physical  property parameters from databanks.

Find Components Find Components Click “Find” 24 .

Find Components (cont d) Find Components (cont’d) Input Component name or Formula or CAS number p p 25 .

NIST Chemistry WebBook NIST Chemistry  NIST Chemistry WebBook 26 .

 NRTL.Properties Process type(narrow the number of Process type(narrow the number of methods available) Base method: IDEAL. UNIQAC. UNIFAC… Base method: IDEAL NRTL UNIQAC UNIFAC 27 .

Property Method Selection – Assistant Property Method Selection  – Property Method Selection   Interactive help in choosing a property method 28 .

Assistant Wizard Assistant Wizard Specify Component type Chemical Systems Is the system at high pressure? (NO) Two liquid phases 29 .

byu.et.Reference: http://www.edu/groups/uolab/files/aspentech/ 30 .

Thermodynamic Model – Thermodynamic Model  Thermodynamic Model – NRTL NRTL Vapor EOS Liquid gamma Liquid enthalpy Liquid volume Liquid volume 31 .

Modify Property Model Modify Property Model Check “Modify Property Model” y p y Specify New Method Name p y 32 .

NRTL – NRTL  Binary Parameters NRTL – Binary Parameters Click Cli k “NRTL” and th b ilt i binary parameters d then built-in bi t appear automatically if available. 33 .

Access Properties Models and  Parameters Review Databank Data 34 .

Review Databank Data Review Databank Data Including: Ideal gas heat of formation at 298.15 K Heat of vaporization at TB Normal boiling point Standard liquid volume at 60°F 60 F ….15 K g Ideal gas Gibbs free energy of formation at 298. Description of each parameter 35 .

Pure Component Databank Parameters Pure Component Databank Parameters Help for Pure Component Databank Parameters 36 .

Pure Component  Temperature‐ Temperature‐Dependent Properties CPIGDP‐1 CPSDIP‐1 DNLDIP‐1 DHVLDP‐1 PLXANT‐1 PLXANT 1 MULDIP KLDIP SIGDIP UFGRP ideal gas heat capacity Solid heat capacity Liquid density Heat of vaporization  Extended Antoine Equation Extended Antoine Equation Liquid viscosity Liquid thermal conductivity q y Liquid surface tension UNIFAC functional group 37 .

Example: PLXANT‐1  Example: PLXANT‐ (Extended Antoine Equation) Corresponding Model Click “↖?” and then click where you don’t know ? 38 .

Example: CPIGDP‐1  Example: CPIGDP‐ (Ideal Gas Heat Capacity Equation) Corresponding Model ? 39 .

Summary So far. This is enough to perform properties analysis. components. l i 40 . we have finished the basic settings including setup. and properties.

apw *.bkp *.File Formats in Aspen Plus File Formats in Aspen Plus File Type Document Backup History Problem  Problem Description Extension *.appdf appdf Format Binary ASCII Text Binary Description File containing simulation input and results and intermediate convergence information i t di t i f ti Archive file containing simulation input and results Detailed calculation history and diagnostic messages File containing arrays and intermediate File containing arrays and intermediate convergence information used in the simulation 41 calculations .his *.

 can be edited – Intended to be printed 42 • • . not printable ASCII files – Transferable between operating systems – Upwardly compatible – Contain no control characters. “readable” – N i Not intended to be printed d d b i d Text files – Transferable between operating systems Transferable between operating systems – Upwardly compatible – Readable.File Type Characteristics File Type Characteristics • Binary files fl – Operating system and version specific – Not readable not printable Not readable.

Properties Analysis in Aspen Plus 43 Introduction to Aspen Plus – Part 2 .

Overview of Property Analysis Overview of Property Analysis Use this form Use this form Pure Binary Residue Ternary Azeotrope To generate To generate Tables and plots of pure component properties as a function of temperature  and pressure Txy.  Tie lines. LLE) resulting from flash calculations. tie lines. Boiling point Ti li V B ili i Tables and plots of properties of either multi‐phase mixtures (for example. Residue curves or distillation curves. Properties analysis of multi‐components  (more  ( than three) is  also included. VLLE. or single‐phase mixtures  Generic without flash calculations. Pxy. Isovolatility curves.  Ternary Maps Distillation boundary. and azeotropes of ternary  Ternary maps showing phase envelope tie lines and azeotropes of ternary systems This feature locates all the azeotropes that exist among a specified set of  components.  VLE. or Gibbs energy of mixing curves for a binary system Residue curve maps Ternary maps showing phase envelope.  components Ternary diagrams in Aspen Distillation Synthesis feature: Azeotropes. Vapor curve. 44 .

 and  corresponding model parameters.Reminding • When you start properties analysis. (Refer to  Part I) Part I) 45 . properties model. you MUST  p y p p p specify components .

  Tie lines.  Ternary diagrams in Aspen Distillation Synthesis feature: Azeotropes. LLE) resulting from flash calculations. Isovolatility curves. Residue curves or distillation curves. VLLE. tie lines. and azeotropes of ternary  systems This feature locates all the azeotropes that exist among a specified set of  components. Properties analysis of multi‐components  (more  than three) is  also included. Boiling point Tables and plots of properties of either multi‐phase mixtures (for example. or single‐phase mixtures  Generic without flash calculations.Properties Analysis – Properties Analysis  Pure Component  Properties Analysis – Pure Component Use this form Pure Binary Residue Ternary y Azeotrope To generate Tables and plots of pure component properties as a function of temperature  and pressure Txy.  Ternary Maps Distillation boundary.  VLE. Pxy. 46 . or Gibbs energy of mixing curves for a binary system Residue curve maps Ternary maps showing phase envelope. Vapor curve.

Properties Analysis – Properties Analysis  Pure Component  Properties Analysis – Pure Component 47 .

Available Properties Available Properties Property (thermodynamic) Availability Free energy Constant pressure  Constant pressure Enthalpy heat capacity Heat capacity ratio Fugacity coefficient Constant volume heat  Fugacity coefficient  Constant volume heat Fugacity coefficient capacity pressure correction Free energy departure Vapor pressure  Free energy departure  Density pressure correction Enthalpy departure Entropy Enthalpy departure  Volume pressure correction py Enthalpy of  Sonic velocity Sonic velocity vaporization  Entropy departure Property (transport) Thermal conductivity Surface tension Viscosity 48 .

Select property (CP) 4. Select property method 7.Example1: CP (Heat Capacity) Example1: CP (Heat Capacity) 1. Select component 6. click Go to generate the results 49 . Select phase 5. Specify range of temperature p y g p 2. Specify pressure 5 S if Add “N-butyl-acetate” 3.

Example1: Calculation Results of CP Example1: Calculation Results of CP Data results 50 .

Select component 6.Example2: H (Enthalpy) Example2: H (Enthalpy) 1. Select property (H) 4. Specify pressure 3. Select phase 5. Specify range of temperature 2. click Go to generate the results 51 . Select 6 S l t property method t th d 7.

Example: Calculation Results of H Example: Calculation Results of H Data results 52 .

53 . VLLE.  Ternary diagrams in Aspen Distillation Synthesis feature: Azeotropes. Vapor curve. or Gibbs energy of mixing curves for a binary system Residue curve maps Ternary maps showing phase envelope. or single‐phase mixtures  Generic without flash calculations. Properties analysis of multi‐components  (more  than three) is  also included. Isovolatility curves. Residue curves or distillation curves. tie lines. Pxy.  Ternary Maps Distillation boundary.Properties Analysis – Properties Analysis  Binary Components Properties Analysis – Binary Components Use this form Pure Binary Residue Ternary y Azeotrope To generate Tables and plots of pure component properties as a function of temperature  and pressure Txy. LLE) resulting from flash calculations.  Tie lines. Boiling point Tables and plots of properties of either multi‐phase mixtures (for example. and azeotropes of ternary  systems This feature locates all the azeotropes that exist among a specified set of  components.  VLE.

Properties Analysis – Properties Analysis  Binary Components Properties Analysis – Binary Components .

Binary Component Properties Analysis Binary Component Properties Analysis Use this Analysis type To generate Temperature‐compositions diagram at  Txy constant pressure Pressure‐compositions diagram at  Pxy constant temperature Gibbs energy of mixing diagram as a  function of liquid compositions. The  Aspen Physical Property System uses this  A Ph i l P S hi Gibbs energy of mixing diagram to determine whether the  binary system will form two liquid phases  at a given temperature and pressure. at a given temperature and pressure .

Select compositions basis 6. Select phase (VLE. click Go to generate the results . Select analysis type ( y) y yp (Txy) 2.Example: T‐XY Example: T Example: T‐ 1. Specify pressure 3. 6 Select property method 4. Select two component 5. Specify composition range 7. VLLE) 2.

Example: calculation result of T‐XY Example: calculation result of T Example: calculation result of T‐ Data results .

Example: Generate XY plot Example: Generate XY plot Click “plot wizard” to generate XY plot .

Example: Generate XY plot (cont d) Example: Generate XY plot (cont’d) .

4 0.8 1.0 Mole Fraction (Water) Binary A l i cannot generate LLE data below azeotrope.2 0.Shortcoming of Binary Analysis Shortcoming of Binary Analysis Water-BuOH 120 110 100 T ( C) o 90 80 70 0.6 0.0 ? 0. Bi Analysis t t d t b l t .

 tie lines. Properties analysis of multi‐components  (more  than three) is  also included.Property Analysis – Property Analysis  Property Analysis – Generic Use this form Pure Binary Residue Ternary y Azeotrope To generate Tables and plots of pure component properties as a function of temperature  and pressure Txy.  Tie lines.  Ternary Maps Distillation boundary. or single‐phase mixtures  Generic without flash calculations. 61 . Vapor curve.  VLE. VLLE. or Gibbs energy of mixing curves for a binary system Residue curve maps Ternary maps showing phase envelope.  Ternary diagrams in Aspen Distillation Synthesis feature: Azeotropes. Isovolatility curves. Pxy. Boiling point Tables and plots of properties of either multi‐phase mixtures (for example. LLE) resulting from flash calculations. and azeotropes of ternary  systems This feature locates all the azeotropes that exist among a specified set of  components. Residue curves or distillation curves.

Properties Analysis – Properties Analysis  Properties Analysis – Ternary .

Specify pressure 6. Select property method . Specify temperature (if LLE is slected) 7. click Go to generate the results 3.Ternary Map Ternary Map 1. Select phase (VLE. Specify number of tie line 5. LLE) 2. 1 Select three component 4.

Calculation Result of Ternary Map (LLE) Calculation Result of Ternary Map (LLE) Data D t results lt .

 and azeotropes of ternary  systems This feature locates all the azeotropes that exist among a specified set of  components.  Ternary diagrams in Aspen Distillation Synthesis feature: Azeotropes.  VLE. tie lines. or single‐phase mixtures  Generic without flash calculations. LLE) resulting from flash calculations.Property Analysis – Property Analysis  Property Analysis – Generic Use this form Pure Binary Residue Ternary y Azeotrope To generate Tables and plots of pure component properties as a function of temperature  and pressure Txy. or Gibbs energy of mixing curves for a binary system Residue curve maps Ternary maps showing phase envelope.  Tie lines. . Pxy.  Ternary Maps Distillation boundary. VLLE. Boiling point Tables and plots of properties of either multi‐phase mixtures (for example. Isovolatility curves. Vapor curve. 65 Generic analysis is used if properties analysis of mixture is performed. Residue curves or distillation curves. Properties analysis of multi‐components  (more  than three) is  also included.

6 Mole Fraction (Water) ? 0.0 Specific composition ? 66 70 0.0 .2 0.When to Use Generic Analysis  When to Use Generic Analysis Enthalpy of Mixtures ? Water-BuOH 120 110 100 T ( C) o 90 80 LLE 0.8 1.4 0.

Property Analysis – Property Analysis  Property Analysis – Generic Select Property analysis 67 .

Add New Analysis Add New Analysis Select Generic 68 .

Specify the corresponding composition 4 S if th di iti 69 . LLE) 4.Specification of System Specification of System . Select “flash calculation” or not 3. Select phase (VLE. Specify component flow 2.

Determine Adjusted Variables Determine Adjusted Variables Specify feed condition Temperature Pressure Vapor fraction Mole flow Mass flow StdVol flow Mole fraction Mass fraction StdVol fraction Specify range of adjusted variables 70 .

Specify Property‐Sets for  Specify Property‐ Calculation Results 71 .

Add New Property‐Set (User‐Defined) Add New Property Set (User Add New Property‐Set (User‐ Select Physical Property Description 72 .

Add New Property‐Set (cont d) Add New Property Add New Property‐Set (cont’d) If the system requires VLLE calculation… calculation Select “Vapor” “1st liquid” “2nd liquid” 73 .

Specify Property‐Sets Specify Property Specify Property‐ 74 .

Run Properties Analysis Run Properties Analysis Click ► to generate the results Check “simulation status” “Results Available” means convergency convergency. 75 .

0 Temperature ( C) Mole fraction of Water in BuOH and Water 76 .2 0.8 1.0 Liquid Vapor o 80 90 100 0.4 0.Example1: Calculation of Enthalpy  Change for binary mixtures Change for binary mixtures Molar ratio of Butanol/Water=1:1 -60000 -62000 Enthalpy (cal/ /mol) -64000 -66000 66000 -68000 -70000 -72000 -74000 40 50 60 70 o Temperature = 50 C -56000 -58000 Liquid Vapor E Enthalpy (cal/m mol) -60000 -62000 -64000 -66000 -68000 -70000 -72000 -74000 -76000 -78000 0.6 0.

Add Property-Set 77 .Search Physical Properties for  Enthalpy of Mixtures (HMX)  Select HMX. Others are optimal.

Calculate of Enthalpy Change As  Calculate of Enthalpy Change As  Temperature Varies Temperature Varies 1 2 3 4 78 .

Read Calculation Results Read Calculation Results Read Calculation Results 79 .

8 1.Exercise Temperature = 50 C -56000 -58000 -60000 -62000 Enthalpy (c cal/mol) -64000 -66000 -68000 -70000 -72000 -74000 -76000 -78000 0.6 0.0 0.2 0.0 Liquid Vapor o Mole fraction of Water in BuOH and Water 80 .4 0.

8 1.4 0.2 0.6 0.0 Mole Fraction (Water) 81 .0 0.Example 2: Calculation of LLE  Example 2: Calculation of LLE  for Binary system for Binary system Water-BuOH 120 110 100 T ( C) o 90 80 70 0.

Add New Property‐Set (cont’d) Add New Property Set (cont d) Add New Property‐ Select “Vapor” “1st liquid” “2nd liquid” .

Specify System. Variable and Property 1 2 Select Vapor-liquid-liquid 3 4 . Variable and Property‐Set Specify System Variable and Property‐ Specify System.

8 1.4 0.Calculation Results Calculation Results Water-BuOH 120 110 100 T ( C) o 90 80 70 0.6 0.2 0.0 0.0 Mole Fraction (Water) .

 Vapor curve. or Gibbs energy of mixing curves for a binary system Txy Pxy or Gibbs energy of mixing curves for a binary system Residue curve maps Ternary maps showing phase envelope.  Ternary diagrams in Aspen Distillation Synthesis feature: Azeotropes. p y systems This feature locates all the azeotropes that exist among a specified set of  p components.  VLE. Isovolatility curves. . and azeotropes of ternary  y p gp p . VLLE.Property Analysis – Property Analysis  Conceptual Design Property Analysis – Conceptual Design (Optional) Use this form Pure Binary Residue Ternary Azeotrope To generate Tables and plots of pure component properties as a function of temperature  and pressure Txy. tie lines. Pxy.  Tie lines. 85 . Residue curves or distillation curves. LLE) resulting from flash calculations. Boiling point Tie lines Vapor curve Boiling point Tables and plots of properties of either multi‐phase mixtures (for example. or single‐phase mixtures  Generic without flash calculations. Properties analysis of multi‐components  (more  without flash calculations Properties analysis of multi‐components (more than three) is  also included.  Ternary Maps Distillation boundary.

Conceptual Design Conceptual Design .

Determine the feasibility of splits for distillation columns . Compute multiple liquid phase envelopes (liquid‐liquid  and vapor‐liquid‐liquid) for ternary mixtures and vapor liquid liquid) for ternary mixtures 4. Locate all the azeotropes (homogeneous and  heterogeneous) present in any multicomponent mixture 2.Conceptual Design Conceptual Design • Conceptual design enables the user to: 1. Automatically compute distillation boundaries and  residue curve maps for ternary mixtures id f t i t 3.

Azeotrope Analysis Azeotrope Analysis .

click Report to generate the results 4. Select report Unit . Select components (at least two) 2. 4 Select phase (VLE LLE) (VLE.Azeotrope Analysis Azeotrope Analysis 1. 5. Specify pressure 3. Select property method 6.

Error Message Error Message Close analysis input dialog box (pure or binary analysis) .

Azeotrope Analysis Report Azeotrope Analysis Report .

Ternary Maps Ternary Maps .

LLE) 2. Click Ternary Plot to generate the results 5. Specify pressure 6. Specify temperature of LLE (If liquid-liquid envelope is selected) . 3 Select property method 1. Select three components 4.Ternary Maps Ternary Maps 3. Select phase (VLE. Select report Unit 6.

Curve. .Ternary Maps Ternary Maps Change pressure or temperature Ternary Plot Toolbar: Add Tie line. . Marker… .

Running Simulation in Aspen Plus 95 Introduction to Aspen Plus – Part 3 .

Example 1: Calculate the mixing  properties of two stream  1 Mole Flow kmol/hr WATER BUOH BUAC Total Flow kmol/hr Temperature C Pressure bar Enthalpy kcal/mol Entropy cal/mol-K E t l/ l K Density kmol/cum 10 0 0 10 50 0 1 ? ? ? 2 0 9 6 15 80 1 ? ? ? 3 ? ? ? ? ? 1 ? ? ? 4 ? ? ? ? ? 10 ? ? ? 96 .

Example 2: Flash Separation Example 2: Flash Separation 120 T-x T T-y 115 Saturated Feed P=1atm F=100 kmol/hr zwater=0.0 0.5 T=105 C P=1atm T ( C) o 110 105 100 0.0 xWater and yWater What are flowrates and compositions of the two outlets? .2 0.8 1.4 0.5 zHAc=0.6 0.

Example 3: Dehydration of Acetic  Acid by Distillation Column (Optional) 1.6 0.6 0.2 0.0 0.0 10 yWater Reflux ratio ? 0.4 0.8 0.2 0.4 0.8 1.0 00 0.0 Duty ? xWater .

Setup  – Setup   Setup – Specification Select Flowsheet 99 .

Reveal Model Library Reveal Model Library View|| Model Library or press F10 100 .

 Stream  mixing operations.Model Library: Mixer/Splitter Model Library: Mixer/Splitter Model Mixer Description Stream mixer Purpose Combines multiple streams  into one stream Use for Mixing tees.  g p Adding heat streams. Bleed  Stream splitters Bleed valves Stream splitters.  Adding work streams Stream splitters. Perfect  Stream splitters Perfect fluid‐solid separators 101 FSplit Stream splitter Stream splitter Divides feed based on splits  Divides feed based on splits specified for outlet streams Divides feed based on splits  Divides feed based on splits specified for each substream SSplit Substream splitter .

Model Library: Pressure Changers Model Library: Pressure Changers

102

Description Purpose Use for Pump or hydraulic  Ch P h d li Changes stream pressure when the P t h th Pumps and hydraulic  d h d li Pump turbine power requirement is needed or  turbines known Compressor or  C Changes stream pressure when  Ch t h Polytropic P l t i compressors,  Compr turbine power requirement is needed or  polytropic positive  known displacement compressors,  isentropic compressors,  isentropic compressors isentropic turbines Changes stream pressure across  Multistage polytropic Mcompr Multistage  compressor or  compressor or multiple stages with intercoolers.  compressors, polytropic multiple stages with intercoolers compressors polytropic turbine Allows for liquid knockout streams  positive displacement  from intercoolers compressors, isentropic  compressors, isentropic  compressors isentropic turbines Valve pressure  Models pressure drop through a  Control valves and pressure  Valve drop valve changers Single segment  Models pressure drop through a  Pipe with constant diameter  Pipe pipe single segment of pipe (may include fittings) Multiple segment  Models pressure drop through a  Pipeline with multiple Pipeline with multiple  Pipeline Multiple segment Models pressure drop through a pipeline pipe or annular space lengths of different  diameter or elevation103

Model

Adding a Mixer Adding a Mixer

Click “one of icons” and then click again on the flowsheet window d th li k i th fl h t i d Remark: The shape of the icons are meaningless

104

Adding Material Streams Adding Material Streams

Click “Materials” and then click again on the flowsheet window

105

arrows (blue and red) appear.Adding Material Streams (cont d) Adding Material Streams (cont’d) When clicking the mouse on the flowsheet window window. 106 .

Adding Material Streams (cont d) Adding Material Streams (cont’d) When moving the mouse on the arrows. Blue arrow: Water decant for Free water of dirty water. if mixing material streams) 107 . water Red arrow(Left) Feed (Required. some description appears. one ore more if mixing material streams) Red arrow(Right): Product (Required.

click and pull a stream line. Repeat it three times to generate three stream lines lines. 108 .Adding Material Streams (cont d) Adding Material Streams (cont’d) After selecting “Material Streams”.

Reconnecting Material Streams  (Feed Stream) Right Click on the stream and select Reconnect Destination 109 .

Reconnecting Material Streams  (Product Stream) Right Click on the stream and select Reconnect Source B1 1 3 2 110 .

Specifying Feed Condition Specifying Feed Condition Right Click on the stream and select Input 111 .

Specifying Feed Condition Specifying Feed Condition You must specify two of the following conditions: Temperature p Pressure Vapor fraction  You can enter stream composition in terms of component flows. or standard liquid volume flow. you must specify the total mole.  If you specify component fractions. fractions. mass. or concentrations. 112 .

Specifying Feed Condition (cont d) Specifying Feed Condition (cont’d) 1 2 113 .

Specifying Input of Mixer Specifying Input of Mixer Right Click on the block and select Input 114 .

Specifying Input of Mixer (cont d) Specifying Input of Mixer (cont’d) Specify Pressure and valid phase The corresponding description about this blank: Outlet pressure if value > 0 Pressure drop if value ≦ 0 115 .

Run Simulation Run Simulation Click ► to run the simulation Run Step Stop Reinitialize Start or continue calculations Step through the flowsheet one block at a time Pause simulation calculations Purge simulation results Check “simulation status” “Required Input Complete” means the input is ready to run simualtion q p p p y 116 .

 and results are  present. Warning  messages were generated during the  esu ts t a gs Results with warnings  calculations. 117 Input Changed . View the  Control Panel or History for messages. The results may be inconsistent with  the current input. y changed the input since the results were  generated. Results for the run are present. present Results for the run are present.Status of Simulation Results Status of Simulation Results  Message Results available Means The run has completed normally. View the Control Panel or History  l l i Vi h C l P l Hi for messages. but you have  p . Error messages  were generated during the calculations.  Results with errors  Results for the run are present.

A message window showing the progress of the simulation by displaying the most recent messages from the calculations 2.Control Pannel Control Pannel Click here 1.A status area showing the hierarchy and order of simulation blocks and convergence loops executed 118 .

Stream Results Stream Results Right Click on the block and select Stream Results 119 .

76874 61 76874 1.5604 61.01528 18 01528 0.851 90.0816 53.947 ‐1.08758 1 0 1 0 ‐83.066 1.3726 94.77 ‐1.7476 83.218 1.619647 783.82 ‐2.1805 0 9 6 15 1364.41559 ‐134.797886 120 .54799 13.617386 10 9 6 25 1544.48395 8.1528 0.7476 ‐1355.93771 90 93771 1.6176 ‐1.81564 969.5038 18.18582 50 2 0 1 0 ‐67. Enthalpy and Entropy 10 0 0 10 180.09369 ‐95.3726 ‐1037.74021 80 1 0 1 0 ‐94.81 ‐3764.6781 ‐37.03 ‐0.1 Substream: MIXED Mole Flow kmol/hr WATER BUOH BUAC Total Flow kmol/hr Total Flow kg/hr Total Flow cum/hr Temperature C Pressure bar Vapor Frac V F Liquid Frac Solid Frac Enthalpy kcal/mol Enthalpy kcal/mol Enthalpy kcal/kg Enthalpy Gcal/hr Entropy cal/mol‐K Entropy cal/gm‐K Density kmol/cum Density kg/cum Average MW Average MW Liq Vol 60F cum/hr 2 3 Pull down the list and select “Full” to show more properties results.870509 70.36534 825.81 67.5007 ‐2.

Change Units of Calculation Results Change Units of Calculation Results 121 .

Setup – Setup  Defining Your Own Units Set  Setup – Defining Your Own Units Set

122

Setup – Setup  Report Options Setup – Report Options

123

Stream Results with Format of  Mole Fraction

124

Add Pump Block Add Pump Block

125

Add A Material Stream Add A Material Stream

126

Connect Streams Connect Streams 127 .

power) 3.Pump – Pump  Specification  Pump – Specification 1. Select “Pump” or “turbine” 2. Specify pump outlet specificati (pressure. Efficiencies (Default: 1) 128 .

Run Simulation Run Simulation Click ► to generate the results Check “simulation status” “Required Input Complete” q p p 129 .

Block Results (Pump) Block Results (Pump) Right Click on the block and select Results 130 .

131 .

Streams Results Streams Results 132 .

69 -95.95 -95.20 1 20 10 -83.85 825.09 0 09 Pressure bar 1 1 1 Enthalpy kcal/mol -67.Calculation Results  (Mass and Energy Balances) 1 2 3 4 10 9 6 25 71.50 783.62 E t l/ l K 37 50 134 95 95 62 Density kmol/cum 969.56 133 .29 Mole Flow kmol/hr WATER 10 0 10 BUOH 0 9 9 BUAC 0 6 6 Total Flow kmol/hr 10 15 25 Temperature C 50 0 80 70.50 -134.75 Entropy cal/mol-K -37.37 -83.46 95 46 824.81 -94.

.Exercise 1 Mole Flow kmol/hr Water Ethanol Methanol Total Flow kmol/hr Temperature C Pressure ba essu e bar Enthalpy kcal/mol Entropy cal/mol-K Density kmol/cum y 10 0 0 10 50 1 ? ? ? 2 0 5 0 15 70 1 ? ? ? 3 0 0 15 15 40 1 ? ? ? 4 ? ? ? ? ? 1 ? ? ? 5 ? ? ? ? ? 4 ? ? ? 6 ? ? ? ? ? 2 ? ? ? 134 Please use Peng-Robinson EOS to solve this problem.

2 0.6 0.4 0.0 0.Example 2: Flash Separation Example 2: Flash Separation 120 T-x T T-y 115 Saturated Feed P=1atm F=100 kmol/hr zwater=0.8 1.5 zHAc=0.0 xWater and yWater What are flowrates and compositions of the two outlets? .5 T=105 C P=1atm T ( C) o 110 105 100 0.

Input Components Input Components .

Thermodynamic Model: NRTL Thermodynamic Model: NRTL‐HOC Thermodynamic Model: NRTL‐ Vapor ESHOC Liquid gamma q g Liquid enthalpy Liquid volume .

Check Binary Parameters Check Binary Parameters .

Association parameters of HOC Association parameters of HOC .

Binary Parameters of NRTL Binary Parameters of NRTL .

Binary Analysis Binary Analysis .

Specify composition range 7. Specify pressure 6.T‐xy plot 1. ) 2. 3 Select compositions basis 5. VLLE) p ( . Select phase (VLE. click Go to generate the results . Select two component 3. Select analysis type (Txy) 2. Select property method 4.

Calculation Result of T Calculation Result of T‐xy Calculation Result of T‐ Data results .

Generate xy Generate  Generate xy plot .

Generate xy Generate  plot (cont d) Generate xy plot (cont’d) .

2 0.5 T=105 C P=1atm T ( C) o 110 105 100 0.8 1.Flash Separation Flash Separation 120 T-x T T-y 115 Saturated Feed P=1atm F=100 kmol/hr zwater=0.4 0.5 zHAc=0.6 0.0 0.0 xWater and yWater What are flowrates and compositions of the two outlets? .

Add Block: Flash2 Add Block: Flash2 .

Add Material Stream Add Material Stream .

Specify Feed Condition Specify Feed Condition Saturated Feed (Vapor fraction=0) P=1atm F=100 kmol/hr zwater=0.5 .5 zHAc=0.

Block Input: Flash2 Block Input: Flash2 .

Flash2: Specification Flash2: Specification T=105 C P=1atm P 1 t .

Required Input Incomplete Required Input Incomplete Connot click ► to run simulation Close binary analysis window .

Required Input Complete Required Input Complete Click ► to run simulation .

Stream Results Stream Results .

5 T=105 C P=1atm 57.409 Saturated Feed P=1atm F=100 kmol/hr zwater=0.342 kmol/hr zwater=0.432 zHAc=0.Stream Results (cont d) Stream Results (cont’d) 42.5 zHAc=0.501 zHAc=0.658 kmol/hr zwater=0.568 .

6 y 0.Thiele Graphical Method 1 Rectifying section: 0.8 08 1 .Review Distillation Separation Review Distillation Separation McCabe.4 0.6 06 0.8 0.4 04 x 0.2 02 0 0 yn  LR D xn 1  xD VR VR Stripping section: pp g LS B yn  xn 1  xB VS VS 0.2 02 0.

2×RRmin NT ≈ 2×NTmin .Trade‐ Trade‐off Between  Capital Cost and Operating Cost Shortcut Design: RR≈1.

  how much of RR and QR are  required to achieve the  specification.  • If the feed condition and the If the feed condition and the  number of stages are given.  RR ? QR ? .Distillation Separation Distillation Separation • There are two degrees of  freedom to manipulate  distillate composition and  d ll d bottoms composition to  manipulate the distillate and  manipulate the distillate and bottoms compositions.

Add Block: Radfrac Add Block:  Add Block: Radfrac .

Add Material Stream Add Material Stream .

.Flowsheet Connectivity for RadFrac Connectivity for RadFrac Connectivity for  RadFrac numbers stages from the top down. starting with the condenser (or starting with the top stage if there is no condenser).

Connect Material Stream Connect Material Stream .

2atm F=100 kmol/hr zwater=0.5 zHAc=0.Specify Feed Condition Specify Feed Condition Saturated Feed (Vapor fraction=0) P=1.5 .

Block Input: Radfrac Block Input:  Block Input: Radfrac .

Radfrac: Configuration Radfrac: Configuration Radfrac: Configuration : .

Radfrac: Streams (Feed Location) Radfrac: Radfrac: Streams (Feed Location) : Streams (Feed Location) .

 above the designated stage g .Types of Feed Stage Types of Feed Stage Use this convention To introduce a feed g Between stages. all‐liquid feed  On stage liquid On‐stage‐liquid which is never flashed On the designated stage. g g Above‐stage On‐stage On the designated stage On the designated stage. all‐vapor feed  On‐stage‐vapor g p which is never flashed which is never flashed To the decanter attached to the designated  Decanter stage .

Radfrac: Column Pressure Radfrac: Column Pressure Radfrac: Column Pressure : .

Run Simulation Run Simulation Click ► to run simulation .

Check Convergence Status Check Convergence Status .

Stream Results Stream Results .

D B .

Change Reflux Ratio Change Reflux Ratio Click ► to run simulation Increase RR from 2 to 2.5 .

D B .

Again… Again You can iterate RR until the specification is achieved achieved. .

.Smarter Way Smarter Way Aspen Plus provides a convenient function (Design Specs/Vary) which can iterate operating variables to meet the specification.

Add New Design Specs Add New Design Specs .

Design Specs: Specification Design Specs: Specification Input current mole purity first .

Design Specs: Components Design Specs: Components .

Design Specs: Feed/Product Streams Design Specs: Feed/Product Streams .

Add New Very Add New Very .

. In this case. only reflux ratio and reboiler duty can be used.Very: Specifications Very: Specifications Specify the range of the adjusted variable Not all variables cane be selected selected.

.Selection of Adjusted Variables Selection of Adjusted Variables The options of adjusted variables must correspond to the operating specification.

Run Simulation Run Simulation Click ► to run simulation .

Check Convergence Status Check Convergence Status .

Change Target of Mole Purity Change Target of Mole Purity Click ► to run simulation Increase Target from 0.99 .95229424 to 0.

Check Convergence Status Check Convergence Status .

D B .

Column Performance Summary Column Performance Summary .

reflux rate. distillate rate. reflux ratio d d t di till t t fl t fl ti .Summary of Condenser Summary of Condenser Include I l d condenser duty.

boilup ratio t b il t b il ti . bottoms rate.Summary of Reboiler Summary of  Summary of Reboiler Include b il d t b tt I l d reboiler duty. boilup rate.

Column Profile: TPFQ Column Profile: TPFQ .

Column Profile: Vapor Composition Column Profile: Vapor Composition .

Column Profile: Liquid Composition Column Profile: Liquid Composition .

Plot Wizard for Column Profile Plot Wizard for Column Profile .

pp .Plot Wizard for Column Profile (cont d) Plot Wizard for Column Profile (cont’d) After entering the block. “Plot” appears. g .

Plot Wizard Plot Wizard .

Plot Types Plot Types

Steps for Composition Plot Steps for Composition Plot

Composition Profiles Composition Profiles

Temperature Profiles Temperature Profiles

INTRODUCTION TO ASPEN PLUS INTRODUCTION TO ASPEN PLUS Some Tips and Others 202 .

 and to go to sheets that are incomplete. 203 . Guides you through the p q p y steps required to complete your simulation.Tips: Next Tips: Next Invokes the Aspen Plus expert system. Status message Flowsheet Not  Complete Required Input Not  Complete C l Meaning Flowsheet connectivity is incomplete. Input specifications for the run are incomplete. click  the Next button in the toolbar. Click Next  on the toolbar to find out how to complete the input  h lb fi d h l h i specifications. To find out why.

Example: “NEXT” Example: NEXT 204 .

Tips:  What s this Tips: “What’s this” Click Cli k “↖?” and then click where you don’t know d th li k h d ’t k ? 205 .

Tips:  What s this Tips: “What’s this” ? 206 .

Tips: Window Tips: Window If you are using Workbook mode Flowsheet as Wallpaper p p Normal View You should Click the Process Flowsheet tab Click the flowsheet in the background g Select the Process Flowsheet window 207 .

Help Topics Help Topics Go to “Help” p Select “Help Topics” 208 .

Help Topics Help Topics Unit Operation M d l Reference Manual U it O ti Model R f M l Physical Property Methods and Models Physical Property Data Reference Manual 209 .

Help Topics Help Topics Calculation of Properties Using an Equation-of-State Property Method 210 .

his *.apw *.bkp *.File Formats in Aspen Plus File Formats in Aspen Plus File Type Document Backup History Problem  Problem Description Extension *.appdf appdf Format Binary ASCII Text Binary Description File containing simulation input and results and intermediate convergence information i t di t i f ti Archive file containing simulation input and results Detailed calculation history and diagnostic messages File containing arrays and intermediate File containing arrays and intermediate convergence information used in the simulation 211 calculations .

 can be edited – Intended to be printed 212 • • .File Type Characteristics File Type Characteristics • Binary files fl – Operating system and version specific – Not readable not printable Not readable. “readable” – N i Not intended to be printed d d b i d Text files – Transferable between operating systems Transferable between operating systems – Upwardly compatible – Readable. not printable ASCII files – Transferable between operating systems – Upwardly compatible – Contain no control characters.

edu.Access Aspen Plus Software Access Aspen Plus Software • Please contact  PC Teaching Assistant: Name: 侯冠宇 Phone: 02‐3366‐3005 Email: chemeng@ntu.tw Email: chemeng@ntu edu tw Office: 101 電腦教室 213 .

如何進入講義下載及填寫問卷 .

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