Definition of transportation Transportation is a means of moving people or goods from one place to another.

The modern commercial transport serves the public interest and includes all the means and facilities involved in the movement of persons or property, and reception services, shipping and handling of such goods. The commercial transport of persons classified as passenger and the goods and service goods. As elsewhere in the world, transport is in Latin America and has been central to the progress or backwardness of different civilizations and cultures.

History of transportation Already in the pre-Columbian Inca period had a crude but efficient system of interconnected roads throughout his empire, by which different types of goods moved. On foot or on the back of flames, managed to get their goods to their destination. Sometimes through rope bridges through the mountains. Other people used canoes or boats as a means of communication.

Different means of transport It is generally used five modes of transportation: water, road, rail and air.

Water Transport History The arrival of Europeans, Spanish and Portuguese, along most of America produced major changes in transportation. The main mode of communication was by sea, as it was more efficient and faster for natural harbors, and for places that were built in the ports, both sea and rivers of America. Channels Environment created for easy water transport. The opening of this waterway was created to a considerable reduction in travel time in freight by sea worldwide. In Latin America, the Amazon and Parana rivers are important waterways for navigation, but undoubtedly the most important channel is the Panama Canal. This links the Atlantic to the Pacific across the Isthmus of Panama.

Top Boats Around 1200 years BC. which made the distance traveled round trip of nearly 483 km in 62 hours. By 1840. including some refrigerators. The ancient Romans used to sail boats equipped with several banks of oars to transport their armies to Carthage and other theaters of operations. the Phoenicians were early seafarers used cedar wood to build boats large and strong to venture beyond their marine boundaries. and more efficient modes of travel be made by boat. in other places hollowed logs for canoes or kayaks. built on a solid wooden structure that resembled our spine. After joining several trunks thought they could build ties with a firm platform or raft (as he called them). was a cause and consequence of which the first transport routes in the colonies were natural waterways. while a steamer could make six trips between America and Europe at the same time a sailboat could do only three. was built by the American inventor Robert Fulton. made possible the open sea navigation without sight of land. In Egypt were built with bundles of reed rafts. which should no longer be salted for export. the French ship Le Frigidaire. As was true during the ancient age in the Mediterranean and other world regions. During the 1870s they reached the coast of Rio de la Plata.The early development of water transport was stimulated by the tendency of people to concentrate on the coast or waterways. the first efficient steamboat. The first ship was undoubtedly a floating log which would lead to feet and hands. came from the northeastern coast of Europe and were responsible for assaulting coastlines across Europe. She made her maiden voyage in 1807 by the Hudson River from New York City to Albania. Steamboats During the nineteenth century saw dramatic progress through technology product of steam power. strong and sturdy. though the candles were used during part of the 29-day trip. The Clermont. This produced a breakthrough in the production mode of the meat sector. The Vikings. this allowed wielding oars and hoisted huge square sails. With these changes. The first ship to use steam power in a transatlantic crossing was the American ship Savannah in 1819. the fact that colonial settlements in America were usually established on the coasts. rivers or lakes. . together with the adoption of the mariner's compass. Shipbuilding and rigging and sail handling was improved over time. The Vikings were tall.

is also used as a means to rescue people with a water accident as they are quick and increasingly a little larger ( for these uses). which is the result of the quest for human beings to create devices for fun. Motor Skiing Another important invention is the ski bike. Land Transport History In the twentieth century training and installation of large corporations. equipped with reactors or wings like those of a plane or studs that at a certain speed. lift the hull of the water to reach higher speeds. Many of . By 1800 it became dirt roads to remove the weeds and trees of the trails. With economic growth of recent years is expected to reach Brazil and Argentina soon levels of use of vehicles at the same level as developed countries. the main mode of land transportation was by train of pack animals and horses on the trails of Native Americans. boat going on a cushion of air a few inches of water or the ground. manufacturers have given great impetus to the production of both vehicles for private use to public transport and goods. are equipped with the latest technological advances and can sail at sea. Modern craft The diesel engine has made for a more modern ships economy that has largely replaced the steam engines.Other perishables were benefited with refrigeration. Other developments in modern navigation are the hovercraft. Yates Among the latest developments of man in water transport. and exports to third countries. we find the small boats yachts that are intended for use by a small group of people. The use of nuclear energy in vessels is currently limited to military vessels. Road In the thirteen original American colonies. which extended westward to the Mississippi River.

The man forced the man to move to ensure their food. with this. Mexico City and Guadalajara with its neighbors Jalapa. restricted to riding on animals. how to ship home anything about their food as the man himself is weak and animal transport. In 1928. and the Andes (Peru) and Paita. today many Latin American countries have road systems more or less acceptable. Already in the eighteenth century there were existing roads linking the Argentine cities of Tucumán and Buenos Aires. rarely exceeded an average of 16 km / h. in which private companies charged a toll for having built.500 years ago and this initiated a change in the mode of transport and transfer of achievement so forth their food faster and easier. important invention that man invented 5. The drag and the wheel The transport started when our ancestors came down from the trees and begin their nomadic life. mule and wheeled transport were introduced by Spanish and Portuguese. Land transport has improved slightly until 1820. the countries with the highest number of kilometers of roads improved and paved. For centuries the traditional means of transport. It was in the twentieth century when most developed road network in Spain. They often took advantage of the routes constructed by the Indians. Nevertheless. when the British engineer George Stephenson adapted a steam engine to a locomotive and started. however. The dog was the first domestic animal to man. Also in Brazil coastal highways were built. the first steam railway. between Stockton and Darlington in England. In 1820. Ground transportation developed more slowly. the improvement of roads called turnpikes (motorways). Brazil and Mexico. Successive governments have invested heavily to get a basic high-capacity roads (motorways and expressways) that allow the displacement of large numbers of people and goods through the Spanish territory of motorization levels close to the major industrialized countries. Animals for transportation Because the man did not have enough strength to lift and carry food or utensils for themselves was the need to domesticate animals.these roads. carts and sleighs pulled by animals. connecting all major cities to surpass all other roads. with Argentina. In Latin America. then use larger animals and extremely . The wheel. the horse. In 1940 62% of the tranche for Central America was paved and 87% of South America. it was agreed between the countries of the sector to build a Pan-American highway that would unite the entire continent from Alaska to Tierra del Fuego. became almost impassable during periods of bad weather.

Motorcycle Vehicle with 2. man was given to the need to establish trade routes and also to create the first steps pulled by horses to be transported from one place to another to the same people and their belongings or goods. handlebars and pedals to drive to propel it. with a seat. placed one in front of another. no way and sometimes it can be used by 2 persons and are now reaching a speed of 100 km / hour. discovered that using Gottlielo Damler oil. .strong to carry heavy things with the same man. The car Man looking for ways to invent a device that transports you quickly and easily without the need to use animals. Initial proceedings With the coming of the trade. and feeding on what occurred or killing animals for meat and take skin and for different uses. if not that is a need. . thus created the car. could drive a faster piston gradually more inventions arose with the application of oil and fine steel was cheaper than the one they use in production Henry Ford. were considered a luxury and now can be seen today having a car is not a luxury. if not the man who also use as food. with the discovery of oil. Also find the unicycle and the motorcycle. The wars have developed new kinds of automobiles such as tanks and buses. After varieties of cars came and today the auto industry is one of the great and important in the world. And how well that ideology only carry things. Bike Man saw the need for man transported individually and in 1818 invented Draisienne history of the bicycle. In 1882. Either a bus or a combination. Two-wheeled vehicle. self-propelled. the authorities saw the need for urban transport to the high number of inhabitants and also the necessity in which they are forced to travel long distances. Urban transport Already at present there are too many people. 3 and 4 wheel.

the fundamental basis for the transportation of revolution. . since there was concentrated the production of precious coffee. Was stimulated in part by the lack of inland waterways. and Rosario on the Parana River. since the same railway used to transport finished products to be. In this way. In Brazil. often under false nationalist discourse. a state of nature to exploit much of the railway line. However. The first railroad in America was established in 1827. In recent decades. but the real development began on July 4. is set below ground and the maintenance cost is low and does not pollute. the decision in 1844 to provide a gauge of the Spanish railway network different from the isolated European continent to Spain from the rest of the continent by this mode of transport. The same happened in the Uruguayan city of Montevideo. on the coast. while benefiting freight and passengers generally designed to respond to business needs of their owners and countries of origin and not addressing the needs of Latin American countries. Railroad construction stimulated much of the settlement and development of the West. After 1850 this mode of transport started its expansion in Latin America. It was around 1945 when the railways began to be deficient. By 1870 already had a network that was the third in Europe in area. the introduction of high speed services in recent years have led to considerable recovery of passengers on journeys in the network too. improved road infrastructure and increasing motorization of families and businesses have led to a sharp decrease in the number of passengers and goods transported by train. after France and England. The railway network. the railroads had their terminals in the port cities: Buenos Aires and Bahia Blanca. In 1839. unlike other surrounding countries. The Metro It has been an effective means of transport in big cities since it consumes electrical energy. shortly after the rail line began service Stephenson in England. the route had increased to 8. and it is not beneficial to their owners. at the beginning of the century. 1828. with the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad. most of the Latin American rail system was nationalized. The Mexican case is paradoxical. The introduction of the railway in Spain was relatively quick. In Argentina. financed by French capital. the United States had 1767 km of steam railways. the railway network spread across the plateau of São Paulo. giving way to road transport. English or American.Railways By 1830. both passenger-and freight-all.000 km and from 1850 to 1910 the growth of the railroad was spectacular. After a century of private operation of rail in 1941 establishing the Network of Spanish Railways (RENFE). However. The first railway was opened in 1848 between the cities of Barcelona.

The bullet train We can observe the evolution of the railroad that has been refined and is more common in Japan. .