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PINKY GUINTO ENVIRONMENTAL ENGINEERING

ECE21 OCTOBER 8,2014

MSDS OF THE CHEMICALS

1. HYDROCHLORIC ACID

Synonyms: Muriatic Acid


DANGER:
Causes severe skin burns and eye damage.
Causes serious eye damage.
GHS Classification:
Skin Corrosion/Irritation Category 1A, Serious Eye Damage/Eye Irritation Category 1
Composition / Information on Ingredients:
Chemical Name CAS # % Water 7732-18-5 62.8 Hydrogen Chloride 7647-01-0 37.2
First Aid Measures:
Inhalation: Remove victim to fresh air and keep at rest in a position comfortable for breathing.
Eyes: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do.
Continue rinsing.
Skin Contact: (or hair): Remove/Take off immediately all contaminated clothing. Rinse skin with
water/shower. Wash contaminated clothing before reuse.
Ingestion: Rinse mouth. Do NOT induce vomiting.
Firefighting Procedures:
Extinguishing Media: Water fog in flooding quantities. Apply water from as far a distance as possible.
Fire Fighting Methods and Protection: Firefighters should wear full protective equipment and NIOSH
approved self-contained breathing apparatus.
Fire and/or Explosion Hazards: Fire or excessive heat may produce hazardous decomposition products.
Flammable Hydrogen gas may be produced over long periods of exposure to Aluminum, Tin, Lead, and
Zinc.
Hazardous Combustion Products: Hydrogen chloride
Spill or Leak Procedures:
Exposure to the spilled material may be severely irritating or toxic. Follow personal protective equipment
recommendations found in Section 8 of this SDS. Personal protective equipment needs must be
evaluated based on information provided on this sheet and the special circumstances created by the spill
including; the material spilled, the quantity of the spill, the area in which the spill occurred, and the
expertise of employees in the area responding to the spill. Never exceed any occupational exposure
limits. Prevent the spread of any spill to minimize harm to human health and the environment if safe to
do so. Wear complete and proper personal protective equipment following the recommendation of
Section 8 at a minimum. Dike with suitable absorbent material like granulated clay. Gather and store in a
sealed container pending a waste disposal evaluation. If this material is released into a work area,
evacuate the area immediately.
Handling and Storage:

Handling: Do not breathe dust/fume/gas/mist/vapors/spray. Wash thoroughly after handling. Wear


protective gloves/protective clothing/eye protection/face protection.
Storage: Store locked up. Keep container tightly closed in a cool, well-ventilated place.
Storage Code: White - Corrosive. Separate acids from bases; separate oxidizer acids from organic acids.
Physical Data:
Formula: HCl Vapor Pressure: 160 mmHg at 20°C
Molecular Weight: 36.46 Evaporation Rate (BuAc=1): 2.0
Appearance: Colorless Liquid Vapor Density (Air=1): 1.267 Odor: Strong Pungent
Specific Gravity: 1.1885 Odor Threshold: No data available Solubility in Water: Soluble
pH: -1.08 Log Pow (calculated): No data available
Melting Point: No data available -114 C Autoignition Temperature: No data available
Boiling Point: No data available -85 C Decomposition Temperature: No data available

Reactivity: Mildly reactive - See below


Chemical Stability: Stable under normal conditions.
Conditions to Avoid: Reaction with water is exothermic.
Incompatible Materials: Water-reactive materials, Water, Caustics (bases), Oxidizing materials, Acetic
anhydride, Amines, Alkanolamines, Isocyanates, Copper, Metals
Hazardous Decomposition Products: Hydrogen chloride
Hazardous Polymerization: Will not occur

2. ZINC CHLORIDE

Chemical Name: Zinc Chloride Chemical Formula: ZnCl2


Composition: Name CAS # % by Weight Zinc chloride 7646-85-7 100
Toxicological Data on Ingredients: Zinc chloride: ORAL (LD50): Acute: 350 mg/kg [Rat]. 329 mg/kg
[Mouse].
Hazards Identification
Potential Acute Health Effects:
Very hazardous in case of skin contact (irritant), of eye contact (irritant), of ingestion, of inhalation.
Hazardous in case of skin:
contact (corrosive, permeator), of eye contact (corrosive). The amount of tissue damage depends on
length of contact. Eye contact can result in corneal damage or blindness. Skin contact can produce
inflammation and blistering. Inhalation of dust will produce irritation to gastro-intestinal or respiratory
tract, characterized by burning, sneezing and coughing. Severe overexposure can produce lung damage,
choking, unconsciousness or death. Inflammation of the eye is characterized by redness, watering, and
itching. Skin inflammation is characterized by itching, scaling, reddening, or, occasionally, blistering.

Potential Chronic Health Effects:


CARCINOGENIC EFFECTS: Not available. MUTAGENIC EFFECTS: Classified POSSIBLE for human. Mutagenic
for mammalian somatic cells. Mutagenic for bacteria and/or yeast. TERATOGENIC EFFECTS: Not available.
DEVELOPMENTAL TOXICITY: Not available. The substance may be toxic to kidneys, pancreas. Repeated or
prolonged exposure to the substance can produce target organs damage. Repeated exposure of the eyes
to a low level of dust can produce eye irritation. Repeated skin exposure can produce local skin
destruction, or dermatitis. Repeated inhalation of dust can produce varying degree of respiratory
irritation or lung damage.
First Aid Measures
Eye Contact: Check for and remove any contact lenses. In case of contact, immediately flush eyes with
plenty of water for at least 15 minutes. Cold water may be used. Get medical attention immediately.
Skin Contact: In case of contact, immediately flush skin with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes while
removing contaminated clothing and shoes. Cover the irritated skin with an emollient. Cold water may
be used. Wash clothing before reuse. Thoroughly clean shoes before reuse. Get medical attention
immediately.
Serious Skin Contact: Wash with a disinfectant soap and cover the contaminated skin with an anti-
bacterial cream. Seek immediate medical attention.
Inhalation: If inhaled, remove to fresh air. If not breathing, give artificial respiration. If breathing is
difficult, give oxygen. Get medical attention.
Serious Inhalation: Evacuate the victim to a safe area as soon as possible. Loosen tight clothing such as a
collar, tie, belt or waistband. If breathing is difficult, administer oxygen. If the victim is not breathing,
perform mouth-to-mouth resuscitation. WARNING: It may be hazardous to the person providing aid to
give mouth-to-mouth resuscitation when the inhaled material is toxic, infectious or corrosive. Seek
immediate medical attention.
Ingestion: Do NOT induce vomiting unless directed to do so by medical personnel. Never give anything
by mouth to an unconscious person. If large quantities of this material are swallowed, call a physician
immediately. Loosen tight clothing such as a collar, tie, belt or waistband.
Products of Combustion: When heated to decomposition, it emits toxic fumes of Hydrochloric Acid, and
Zinc Oxide.
Special Remarks on Explosion Hazards: A mixture of potassium and zinc chloride produces a strong
explosion on impact.
Accidental Release Measures
Small Spill: Use appropriate tools to put the spilled solid in a convenient waste disposal container.
Large Spill: Corrosive solid. Stop leak if without risk. Do not get water inside container. Do not touch
spilled material. Use water spray to reduce vapors. Prevent entry into sewers, basements or confined
areas; dike if needed. Call for assistance on disposal. Be careful that the product is not present at a
concentration level above TLV. Check TLV on the MSDS and with local authorities.
Handling and Storage
Precautions: Keep locked up.. Keep container dry. Do not ingest. Do not breathe dust. Never add water
to this product. In case of insufficient ventilation, wear suitable respiratory equipment. If ingested, seek
medical advice immediately and show the container or the label. Avoid contact with skin and eyes. Keep
away from incompatibles such as oxidizing agents, metals.
Storage: Deliquescent. Keep container tightly closed. Keep container in a cool, well-ventilated area. Do
not store above 25°C (77°F).
Exposure Controls/Personal Protection
Engineering Controls: Use process enclosures, local exhaust ventilation, or other engineering controls to
keep airborne levels below recommended exposure limits. If user operations generate dust, fume or
mist, use ventilation to keep exposure to airborne contaminants below the exposure limit.
Personal Protection: Splash goggles. Synthetic apron. Vapor and dust respirator. Be sure to use an
approved/certified respirator or equivalent. Gloves.
Personal Protection in Case of a Large Spill: Splash goggles. Full suit. Vapor and dust respirator. Boots.
Gloves. A self contained breathing apparatus should be used to avoid inhalation of the product.
Suggested protective clothing might not be sufficient; consult a specialist BEFORE handling this product.
Exposure Limits: TWA: 1 STEL: 2 (mg/m3) [United Kingdom (UK)] TWA: 1 STEL: 2 (mg/m3) from ACGIH
(TLV) [United States] TWA: 1 STEL: 2 (mg/m3) from OSHA (PEL) [United States]Consult local authorities
for acceptable exposure limits.
Physical and Chemical Properties
Physical state and appearance: Solid. (Deliquescent solid.) Odor: Odorless
Molecular Weight: 136.29 g/mole Color: White. pH (1% soln/water): Not available.
Boiling Point: 732°C (1349.6°F) Melting Point: 290°C (554°F)
Critical Temperature: Not available. Specific Gravity: 2.907 (Water = 1)
Vapor Pressure: Not applicable. Vapor Density: 4.7 (Air = 1) Volatility: Not available.
Odor Threshold: Not available. Water/Oil Dist. Coeff.: Not available.
Ionicity (in Water): Not available. Dispersion Properties: See solubility in water.
Solubility: Easily soluble in cold water.
Stability and Reactivity Data
Stability: The product is stable. Instability Temperature: Not available.
Conditions of Instability: Incompatible materials, moisture.
Incompatibility with various substances: Reactive with oxidizing agents, metals.
Corrosivity: Non-corrosive in presence of glass.
Special Remarks on Reactivity: Very deliquescent. Incompatible with cyanides, sulfides
Special Remarks on Corrosivity: Zinc Chloride fumes are corrosive to metals
Polymerization: Will not occur.
Toxicological Information
Routes of Entry: Absorbed through skin. Dermal contact. Inhalation. Ingestion.
Ecological Information
Products of Biodegradation: Possibly hazardous short term degradation products are not likely.
However, long term degradation products may arise. Toxicity of the Products of Biodegradation: The
products of degradation are less toxic than the product itself.
Disposal Considerations
Waste Disposal: Waste must be disposed of in accordance with federal, state and local environmental
control regulations.

3. SODIUM HYDROXIDE
Synonym: Caustic Soda Chemical Name: Sodium Hydroxide Chemical Formula: NaOH
Composition and Information on Ingredients
Composition:
Name CAS # % by Weight: Sodium hydroxide 1310-73-2 100
Toxicological Data on Ingredients: Sodium hydroxide LD50: Not available. LC50: Not available.
Hazards Identification
Potential Acute Health Effects: Very hazardous in case of skin contact (corrosive, irritant, permeator), of
eye contact (irritant, corrosive), of ingestion, of inhalation. The amount of tissue damage depends on
length of contact. Eye contact can result in corneal damage or blindness. Skin contact can produce
inflammation and blistering. Inhalation of dust will produce irritation to gastro-intestinal or respiratory
tract, characterized by burning, sneezing and coughing. Severe over-exposure can produce lung damage,
choking, unconsciousness or death. Inflammation of the eye is characterized by redness, watering, and
itching. Skin inflammation is characterized by itching, scaling, reddening, or, occasionally, blistering.
Potential Chronic Health Effects:
CARCINOGENIC EFFECTS: Not available. MUTAGENIC EFFECTS: Mutagenic for mammalian somatic cells.
TERATOGENIC EFFECTS: Not available. DEVELOPMENTAL TOXICITY: Not available. The substance may be
toxic to mucous membranes, upper respiratory tract, skin, eyes. Repeated or prolonged exposure to the
substance can produce target organs damage. Repeated exposure of the eyes to a low level of dust can
produce eye irritation. Repeated skin exposure can produce local skin destruction, or dermatitis.
Repeated inhalation of dust can produce varying degree of respiratory irritation or lung damage.
First Aid Measures
Eye Contact: Check for and remove any contact lenses. In case of contact, immediately flush eyes with
plenty of water for at least 15 minutes. Cold water may be used. Get medical attention immediately.
Skin Contact: In case of contact, immediately flush skin with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes while
removing contaminated clothing and shoes. Cover the irritated skin with an emollient. Cold water may
be used. Wash clothing before reuse. Thoroughly clean shoes before reuse. Get medical attention
immediately.
Serious Skin Contact: Wash with a disinfectant soap and cover the contaminated skin with an anti-
bacterial cream. Seek medical attention.
Inhalation: If inhaled, remove to fresh air. If not breathing, give artificial respiration. If breathing is
difficult, give oxygen. Get medical attention immediately.
Serious Inhalation: Evacuate the victim to a safe area as soon as possible. Loosen tight clothing such as a
collar, tie, belt or waistband. If breathing is difficult, administer oxygen. If the victim is not breathing,
perform mouth-to-mouth resuscitation. WARNING: It may be hazardous to the person providing aid to
give mouth-to-mouth resuscitation when the inhaled material is toxic, infectious or corrosive. Seek
immediate medical attention.
Ingestion: Do NOT induce vomiting unless directed to do so by medical personnel. Never give anything
by mouth to an unconscious person. If large quantities of this material are swallowed, call a physician
immediately. Loosen tight clothing such as a collar, tie, belt or waistband.
Fire and Explosion Data:
Flammability of the Product: Non-flammable. Auto-Ignition Temperature: Not applicable.
Flash Points: Not applicable. Flammable Limits: Not applicable.
Products of Combustion: Not available. Fire Hazards in Presence of Various Substances: metals
Explosion Hazards in Presence of Various Substances: Risks of explosion of the product in presence of
mechanical impact: Not available. Risks of explosion of the product in presence of static discharge: Not
available. Slightly explosive in presence of heat.
Special Remarks on Fire Hazards: sodium hydroxide + zinc metal dust causes ignition of the latter. Under
proper conditions of temperature, pressure and state of division, it can ignite or react violently with
acetaldehyde, ally alcohol, allyl chloride, benzene-1,4-diol, chlorine trifluoride, 1,2 dichlorethylene,
nitroethane, nitromethane, nitroparaffins, nitropropane, cinnamaldehyde, 2,2-dichloro-3,3-
dimethylbutane. Sodium hydroxide in contact with water may generate enough heat to ignite adjacent
combustible materials. Phosphorous boiled with NaOH yields mixed phosphines which may ignite
spontanously in air. sodium hydroxide and cinnamaldehyde + heat may cause ignition. Reaction with
certain metals releases flammable and explosive hydrogen gas.
Special Remarks on Explosion Hazards: Sodium hydroxide reacts to form explosive products with
ammonia + silver nitrate. Benzene extract of allyl benzenesulfonate prepared from allyl alcohol, and
benzene sulfonyl chloride in presence of aquesous sodium hydroxide, under vacuum distillation, residue
darkened and exploded. Sodium Hydroxde + impure tetrahydrofuran, which can contain peroxides, can
cause serious explosions. Dry mixtures of sodium hydroxide and sodium tetrahydroborate liberate
hydrogen explosively at 230-270 deg. C. Sodium Hydroxide reacts with sodium salt of trichlorophenol +
methyl alcohol + trichlorobenzene + heat to cause an explosion.
Accidental Release Measures
Small Spill: Use appropriate tools to put the spilled solid in a convenient waste disposal container. If
necessary: Neutralize the residue with a dilute solution of acetic acid.
Large Spill: Corrosive solid. Stop leak if without risk. Do not get water inside container. Do not touch
spilled material. Use water spray to reduce vapors. Prevent entry into sewers, basements or confined
areas; dike if needed. Call for assistance on disposal. Neutralize the residue with a dilute solution of
acetic acid. Be careful that the product is not present at a concentration level above TLV. Check TLV on
the MSDS and with local authorities.
Handling and Storage
Precautions: Keep container dry. Do not breathe dust. Never add water to this product. In case of
insufficient ventilation, wear suitable respiratory equipment. If you feel unwell, seek medical attention
and show the label when possible. Avoid contact with skin and eyes. Keep away from incompatibles such
as oxidizing agents, reducing agents, metals, acids, alkalis, moisture.
Storage: Keep container tightly closed. Keep container in a cool, well-ventilated area. Hygroscopic.
Deliquescent.
Exposure Controls/Personal Protection
Engineering Controls: Use process enclosures, local exhaust ventilation, or other engineering controls to
keep airborne levels below recommended exposure limits. If user operations generate dust, fume or
mist, use ventilation to keep exposure to airborne contaminants below the exposure limit.

Personal Protection:
Splash goggles. Synthetic apron. Vapor and dust respirator. Be sure to use an approved/certified
respirator or equivalent. Gloves.
Personal Protection in Case of a Large Spill:
Splash goggles. Full suit. Vapor and dust respirator. Boots. Gloves. A self contained breathing apparatus
should be used to avoid inhalation of the product. Suggested protective clothing might not be sufficient;
consult a specialist BEFORE handling this product.
Exposure Limits:
STEL: 2 (mg/m3) from ACGIH (TLV) [United States] TWA: 2 CEIL: 2 (mg/m3) from OSHA (PEL) [United
States] CEIL: 2 (mg/m3) from NIOSH. Consult local authorities for acceptable exposure limits.
Physical and Chemical Properties
Physical state and appearance: Solid. (Deliquescent solid.) Odor: Odorless.
Molecular Weight: 40 g/mole Color: White. pH (1% soln/water): 13.5 [Basic.]
Boiling Point: 1388°C (2530.4°F) Melting Point: 323°C (613.4°F) Specific Gravity: 2.13 (Water = 1)
Dispersion Properties: See solubility in water. Solubility: Easily soluble in cold water
Stability and Reactivity Data
Conditions of Instability: Incompatible materials, moisture, moist air
Incompatibility with various substances: Highly reactive with metals. Reactive with oxidizing agents,
reducing agents, acids, alkalis, moisture.
Special Remarks on Reactivity:
Hygroscopic. Much heat is evolved when solid material is dissolved in water. Therefore cold water and
caution must be used for this process. Sodium hydroxide solution and octanol + diborane during a work-
up of a reaction mixture of oxime and diborane in tetrahyrofuran is very exothermic, a mild explosion
being noted on one occassion. Reactive with water, acids (mineral, non-oxidizing, e.g. hydrochloric,
hydrofluoric acid, muriatic acid, phosphoric), acids (mineral, oxidizing e.g. chromic acid, hypochlorous
acid, nitric acid, sulfuric acid), acids (organic e.g. acetic acid, benzoic acid, formic acid, methanoic acid,
oxalic acid), aldehydes (e.g. acetaldehyde, acrolein, chloral hydrate, foraldehyde), carbamates (e.g.
carbanolate, carbofuran), esters (e.g. butyl acetate, ethyl acetate, propyl formate), halogenated organics
(dibromoethane, hexachlorobenzene, methyl chloride, trichloroethylene), isocyanates (e.g. methyl
isocyanate), ketones (acetone, acetophenone, MEK, MIBK), acid chlorides, strong bases, strong oxidizing
agents, strong reducing agents, flammable liquids, powdered metals and metals (i.e
aluminum, tin, zinc, hafnium, raney nickel), metals (alkali and alkaline e.g. cesium, potassium, sodium),
metal compounds (toxic e.g. berylium, lead acetate, nickel carbonyl, tetraethyl lead), mitrides (e.g.
potassium nitride, sodium nitride), nitriles (e.g. acetonitrile, methyl cyanide), nitro compounds (organic
e.g. nitrobenzene, nitromethane), acetic anhydride, chlorohydrin, chlorosulfonic acid, ethylene
cyanohydrin, glyoxal, hydrosulfuric acid, oleum, propiolactone, acylonitrile, phorosous pentoxide,
chloroethanol, chloroform-methanol, tetrahydroborate, cyanogen azide, 1,2,4,5 tetrachlorobenzene,
cinnamaldehyde. Reacts with formaldehyde hydroxide to yield formic acid, and hydrogen.
Special Remarks on Corrosivity: Very caustic to aluminum and other metals in presence of moisture.
Polymerization: Will not occur.
Disposal Considerations
Waste Disposal:
Waste must be disposed of in accordance with federal, state and local environmental control regulations.

4. HEXANE

Chemical Name: Hexane Chemical Formula: C6-H14


Composition and Information on Ingredients
Composition: Name CAS # % by Weight: Hexanes 110-54-3 98.5-99.9
Toxicological Data on Ingredients: Hexane: ORAL (LD50): Acute: 25000 mg/kg [Rat].
Hazards Identification
Potential Acute Health Effects: Hazardous in case of skin contact (permeator), of ingestion, of inhalation.
Slightly hazardous in case of skin contact (irritant), of eye contact (irritant).
Potential Chronic Health Effects:
CARCINOGENIC EFFECTS: Not available. MUTAGENIC EFFECTS: Mutagenic for bacteria and/or yeast.
TERATOGENIC EFFECTS: Not available. DEVELOPMENTAL TOXICITY: Not available. The substance may be
toxic to peripheral nervous system, skin, central nervous system (CNS). Repeated or prolonged exposure
to the substance can produce target organs damage.
First Aid Measures
Eye Contact: Check for and remove any contact lenses. Immediately flush eyes with running water for at
least 15 minutes, keeping eyelids open. Get medical attention if irritation occurs.
Skin Contact: Wash with soap and water. Cover the irritated skin with an emollient. Get medical
attention if irritation develops.
Serious Skin Contact: Wash with a disinfectant soap and cover the contaminated skin with an anti-
bacterial cream. Seek medical attention.
Inhalation: If inhaled, remove to fresh air. If not breathing, give artificial respiration. If breathing is
difficult, give oxygen. Get medical attention if symptoms appear.
Serious Inhalation: Evacuate the victim to a safe area as soon as possible. Loosen tight clothing such as a
collar, tie, belt or waistband. If breathing is difficult, administer oxygen. If the victim is not breathing,
perform mouth-to-mouth resuscitation. Seek medical attention.
Ingestion: Do NOT induce vomiting unless directed to do so by medical personnel. Never give anything
by mouth to an unconscious person. Loosen tight clothing such as a collar, tie, belt or waistband. Get
medical attention if symptoms appear.
Fire and Explosion Data
Flammability of the Product: Flammable. Auto-Ignition Temperature: 225°C (437°F)
Flash Points: CLOSED CUP: -22.5°C (-8.5°F). (TAG) Flammable Limits: LOWER: 1.15% UPPER: 7.5%
Products of Combustion: These products are carbon oxides (CO, CO2).
Fire Hazards in Presence of Various Substances:
Highly flammable in presence of open flames and sparks, of heat. Non-flammable in presence of shocks.
Explosion Hazards in Presence of Various Substances:
Risks of explosion of the product in presence of mechanical impact: Not available. Risks of explosion of
the product in presence of static discharge: Not available.
Fire Fighting Media and Instructions:
Flammable liquid, insoluble in water. SMALL FIRE: Use DRY chemical powder. LARGE FIRE: Use water
spray or fog.

Special Remarks on Fire Hazards:


Extremely flammable liquid and vapor. Vapor may cause flash fire.
Accidental Release Measures
Small Spill: Absorb with an inert material and put the spilled material in an appropriate waste disposal.
Large Spill: Flammable liquid, insoluble in water. Keep away from heat. Keep away from sources of
ignition. Stop leak if without risk. Absorb with DRY earth, sand or other non-combustible material. Do
not get water inside container. Do not touch spilled material. Prevent entry into sewers, basements or
confined areas; dike if needed. Call for assistance on disposal. Be careful that the product is not present
at a concentration level above TLV. Check TLV on the MSDS and with local authorities.
Handling and Storage
Precautions: Keep locked up.. Keep away from heat. Keep away from sources of ignition. Ground all
equipment containing material. Do not ingest. Do not breathe gas/fumes/ vapor/spray. Avoid contact
with skin. Wear suitable protective clothing. In case of insufficient ventilation, wear suitable respiratory
equipment. If ingested, seek medical advice immediately and show the container or the label. Keep away
from incompatibles such as oxidizing agents.
Storage: Store in a segregated and approved area. Keep container in a cool, well-ventilated area. Keep
container tightly closed and sealed until ready for use. Avoid all possible sources of ignition (spark or
flame).
Exposure Controls/Personal Protection
Engineering Controls: Provide exhaust ventilation or other engineering controls to keep the airborne
concentrations of vapors below their respective threshold limit value. Ensure that eyewash stations and
safety showers are proximal to the work-station location.
Personal Protection: Safety glasses. Lab coat. Vapor respirator. Be sure to use an approved/certified
respirator or equivalent. Gloves (impervious).
Personal Protection in Case of a Large Spill: Splash goggles. Full suit. Vapor respirator. Boots. Gloves. A
self contained breathing apparatus should be used to avoid inhalation of the product. Suggested
protective clothing might not be sufficient; consult a specialist BEFORE handling this product.
Exposure Limits:
TWA: 500 (ppm) from OSHA (PEL) [United States] Inhalation TWA: 1800 (mg/m3) from OSHA (PEL)
[United States] Inhalation
TWA: 176 (mg/m3) from ACGIH (TLV) [United States] SKIN TWA: 50 (ppm) from ACGIH (TLV) [United
States] SKIN TWA: 500 STEL: 1000 (ppm) from ACGIH (TLV) [United States] Inhalation TWA: 1760 STEL:
3500 (mg/m3) from ACGIH (TLV)
Physical and Chemical Properties
Physical state and appearance: Liquid. Odor: Gasoline-like or petroleum-like (Slight.)
Molecular Weight: 86.18g/mole Color: Clear Colorless.
pH (1% soln/water): Not applicable. Boiling Point: 68°C (154.4°F)
Melting Point: -95°C (-139°F) Critical Temperature: Not available.
Specific Gravity: 0.66 (Water = 1) Vapor Pressure: 17.3 kPa (@ 20°C)
Vapor Density: 2.97 (Air = 1) Volatility: Not available.
Odor Threshold: 130 ppm
Water/Oil Dist. Coeff.: The product is more soluble in oil; log(oil/water) = 3.9
Dispersion Properties: See solubility in water, diethyl ether, acetone.
Solubility: Soluble in diethyl ether, acetone. Insoluble in cold water, hot water.
Stability: The product is stable. Instability Temperature: Not available.
Conditions of Instability: Heat, ingnition sources, incompatibles.
Incompatibility with various substances: Reactive with oxidizing agents.
Corrosivity: Not available.
Special Remarks on Reactivity: Hexane can react vigorously with strong oxidizers (e.g. chlorine, bromine,
fluorine)
Special Remarks on Corrosivity: Not available.
Polymerization: Will not occur.
Waste Disposal: Waste must be disposed of in accordance with federal, state and local environmental
control regulations.

5. SULFURIC ACID

Synonym: Oil of Vitriol; Sulfuric Acid Chemical Name: Hydrogen sulfate


Chemical Formula: H2-SO4
Composition and Information on Ingredients
Composition:
Name CAS # % by Weight
Sulfuric acid 7664-93-9 95 – 98
Toxicological Data on Ingredients: Sulfuric acid: ORAL (LD50): Acute: 2140 mg/kg [Rat.]. VAPOR (LC50):
Acute: 510 mg/m 2 hours [Rat]. 320 mg/m 2 hours [Mouse].
Hazards Identification
Potential Acute Health Effects: Very hazardous in case of skin contact (corrosive, irritant, permeator), of
eye contact (irritant, corrosive), of ingestion, of inhalation. Liquid or spray mist may produce tissue
damage particularly on mucous membranes of eyes, mouth and respiratory tract. Skin contact may
produce burns. Inhalation of the spray mist may produce severe irritation of respiratory tract,
characterized by coughing, choking, or shortness of breath. Severe over-exposure can result in death.
Inflammation of the eye is characterized by redness, watering, and itching. Skin inflammation is
characterized by itching, scaling, reddening, or, occasionally, blistering.
Potential Chronic Health Effects:
CARCINOGENIC EFFECTS: Classified 1 (Proven for human.) by IARC, + (Proven.) by OSHA. Classified A2
(Suspected for human.) by ACGIH. MUTAGENIC EFFECTS: Not available. TERATOGENIC EFFECTS: Not
available.
DEVELOPMENTAL TOXICITY: Not available. The substance may be toxic to kidneys, lungs, heart,
cardiovascular system, upper respiratory tract, eyes, teeth. Repeated or prolonged exposure to the
substance can produce target organs damage. Repeated or prolonged contact with spray mist may
produce chronic eye irritation and severe skin irritation. Repeated or prolonged exposure to spray mist
may produce respiratory tract irritation leading to frequent attacks of bronchial infection. Repeated
exposure to a highly toxic material may produce general deterioration of health by an accumulation in
one or many human organs.

First Aid Measures


Eye Contact: Check for and remove any contact lenses. In case of contact, immediately flush eyes with
plenty of water for at least 15 minutes. Cold water may be used. Get medical attention immediately. Skin
Contact: In case of contact, immediately flush skin with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes while
removing contaminated clothing and shoes. Cover the irritated skin with an emollient. Cold water may
be used. Wash clothing before reuse. Thoroughly clean shoes before reuse. Get medical attention
immediately.
Serious Skin Contact: Wash with a disinfectant soap and cover the contaminated skin with an anti-
bacterial cream. Seek immediate medical attention.
Inhalation: If inhaled, remove to fresh air. If not breathing, give artificial respiration. If breathing is
difficult, give oxygen. Get medical attention immediately.
Serious Inhalation: Evacuate the victim to a safe area as soon as possible. Loosen tight clothing such as a
collar, tie, belt or waistband. If breathing is difficult, administer oxygen. If the victim is not breathing,
perform mouth-to-mouth resuscitation. WARNING: It may be hazardous to the person providing aid to
give mouth-to-mouth resuscitation when the inhaled material is toxic, infectious or corrosive. Seek
immediate medical attention.
Ingestion: Do NOT induce vomiting unless directed to do so by medical personnel. Never give anything
by mouth to an unconscious person. Loosen tight clothing such as a collar, tie, belt or waistband. Get
medical attention if symptoms appear.
Fire and Explosion Data
Flammability of the Product: Non-flammable. Auto-Ignition Temperature: Not applicable.
Flash Points: Not applicable. Flammable Limits: Not applicable.
Products of Combustion:
Products of combustion are not available since material is non-flammable. However, products of
decompostion include fumes of oxides of sulfur. Will react with water or steam to produce toxic and
corrosive fumes. Reacts with carbonates to generate carbon dioxide gas. Reacts with cyanides and
sulfides to form poisonous hydrogen cyanide and hydrogen sulfide respectively.
Fire Hazards in Presence of Various Substances: Combustible materials
Explosion Hazards in Presence of Various Substances:
Risks of explosion of the product in presence of mechanical impact: Not available. Risks of explosion of
the product in presence of static discharge: Not available. Slightly explosive in presence of oxidizing
materials.
Special Remarks on Fire Hazards: Metal acetylides (Monocesium and Monorubidium), and carbides
ignite with concentrated sulfuric acid. White Phosphorous + boiling Sulfuric acid or its vapor ignites on
contact. May ignite other combustible materials. May cause fire when sulfuric acid is mixed with
Cyclopentadiene, cyclopentanone oxime, nitroaryl amines, hexalithium disilicide, phorphorous (III) oxide,
and oxidizing agents such as chlorates, halogens, permanganates.
Special Remarks on Explosion Hazards: M i x t u r e s o f s u l f u r i c a c i d a n d a n y o f t h e f o l l o w i
n g c a n e x p l o d e : p - n i t r o t o l u e n e , p e n t a s I l v e r trihydroxydiaminophosphate,
perchlorates, alcohols with strong hydrogen peroxide, ammonium tetraperoxychromate, mercuric nitrite,
potassium chlorate, potassium permanganate with potassium chloride, carbides, nitro compounds,
nitrates, carbides, phosphorous, iodides, picratres, fulminats, dienes, alcohols (when heated) Nitramide
decomposes explosively on contact with concentrated sulfuric acid. 1,3,5-Trinitrosohexahydro-1,3,5-
triazine + sulfuric acid causes explosive decomposition.
Accidental Release Measures
Small Spill: Dilute with water and mop up, or absorb with an inert dry material and place in an
appropriate waste disposal container. If necessary: Neutralize the residue with a dilute solution of
sodium carbonate.
Large Spill: Corrosive liquid. Poisonous liquid. Stop leak if without risk. Absorb with DRY earth, sand or
other non-combustible material. Do not get water inside container. Do not touch spilled material. Use
water spray curtain to divert vapor drift. Use water spray to reduce vapors. Prevent entry into sewers,
basements or confined areas; dike if needed. Call for assistance on disposal. Neutralize the residue with
a dilute solution of sodium carbonate. Be careful that the product is not present at a concentration level
above TLV. Check TLV on the MSDS and with local authorities.
Handling and Storage
Precautions: Keep locked up.. Keep container dry. Do not ingest. Do not breathe gas/fumes/ vapor/spray.
Never add water to this product. In case of insufficient ventilation, wear suitable respiratory equipment.
If ingested, seek medical advice immediately and show the container or the label. Avoid contact with
skin and eyes. Keep away from incompatibles such as oxidizing agents, reducing agents, combustible
materials, organic materials, metals, acids, alkalis, moisture. May corrode metallic surfaces. Store in a
metallic or coated fiberboard drum using a strong polyethylene inner package.
Storage: Hygroscopic. Reacts. violently with water. Keep container tightly closed. Keep container in a
cool, well-ventilated area. Do not store above 23°C (73.4°F).
Exposure Controls/Personal Protection
Engineering Controls: Provide exhaust ventilation or other engineering controls to keep the airborne
concentrations of vapors below their respective threshold limit value. Ensure that eyewash stations and
safety showers are proximal to the work-station location.
Personal Protection: Face shield. Full suit. Vapor respirator. Be sure to use an approved/certified
respirator or equivalent. Gloves. Boots.
Personal Protection in Case of a Large Spill: Splash goggles. Full suit. Vapor respirator. Boots. Gloves. A
self contained breathing apparatus should be used to avoid inhalation of the product. Suggested
protective clothing might not be sufficient; consult a specialist BEFORE handling this product.
Exposure Limits:
TWA: 1 STEL: 3 (mg/m3) [Australia] Inhalation TWA: 1 (mg/m3) from OSHA (PEL) [United States]
Inhalation TWA: 1 STEL: 3(mg/m3) from ACGIH (TLV) [United States] [1999] Inhalation TWA: 1 (mg/m3)
from NIOSH [United States] Inhalation TWA: 1(mg/m3) [United Kingdom (UK)]Consult local authorities
for acceptable exposure limits.
Physical and Chemical Properties
Physical state and appearance: Liquid. (Thick oily liquid.)
Odor: Odorless, but has a choking odor when hot. Taste: Marked acid taste. (Strong.)
Molecular Weight: 98.08 g/mole Color: Colorless. pH (1% soln/water): Acidic.
Boiling Point:270°C (518°F) - 340 deg. C Decomposes at 340 deg. C
Melting Point: -35°C (-31°F) to 10.36 deg. C (93% to 100% purity)Critical Temperature: Not available.
Specific Gravity: 1.84 (Water = 1) Vapor Pressure: Not available.
Vapor Density: 3.4 (Air = 1) Volatility: Not available.Odor Threshold: Not available.
Water/Oil Dist. Coeff.: Not available. Ionicity (in Water): Not available.
Dispersion Properties: See solubility in water.
Solubility: Easily soluble in cold water. Sulfuric is soluble in water with liberation of much heat. Soluble in
ethyl alcohol.
Stability and Reactivity Data
Conditions of Instability: Conditions to Avoid: Incompatible materials, excess heat, combustible material
materials, organic materials, exposure to moist air or water, oxidizers, amines, bases. Always add the acid
to water, never the reverse.
Incompatibility with various substances: Reactive with oxidizing agents, reducing agents, combustible
materials, organic materials, metals, acids, alkalis, moisture.
Corrosivity: Extremely corrosive in presence of aluminum, of copper, of stainless steel(316). Highly
corrosive in presence of stainless steel(304). Non-corrosive in presence of glass.
Special Remarks on Reactivity: Hygroscopic. Strong oxidizer. Reacts violently with water and alcohol
especially when water is added to the product. Incompatible (can react explosively or dangerously) with
the following: ACETIC ACID, ACRYLIC ACID, AMMONIUM,HYDROXIDE, CRESOL, CUMENE,
DICHLOROETHYL ETHER, ETHYLENE CYANOHYDRIN, ETHYLENEIMINE, NITRIC ACID, 2-NITROPROPANE,
PROPYLENE OXIDE, SULFOLANE, VINYLIDENE CHLORIDE, DIETHYLENE GLYCOL MONOMETHYL ETHER,
ETHYL ACETATE, ETHYLENE CYANOHYDRIN, ETHYLENE GLYCOL MONOETHYL ETHER ACETATE, GLYOXAL,
METHYL ETHYL KETONE, dehydrating agents, organic materials, moisture (water), Acetic anhydride,
Acetone, cyanohydrin, Acetone+nitric acid, Acetone + potassium dichromate, Acetonitrile, Acrolein,
Acrylonitrile, Acrylonitrile+water, Alcohols + hydrogen peroxide, ally compounds such as Allyl alcohol,
and Allyl Chloride, 2-Aminoethanol, Ammonium hydroxide, Ammonium triperchromate, Aniline,
Bromate + metals, Bromine pentafluoride, n-Butyraldehyde, Carbides, Cesium acetylene carbide,
Chlorates, Cyclopentanone oxime, chlorinates, Chlorates + metals, Chlorine trifluoride, Chlorosulfonic
acid, 2-cyano-4-nitrobenzenediazonium hydrogen sulfate, Cuprous nitride, p-chloronitrobenzene, 1,5-
Dinitronaphthlene + sulfur, Diisobutylene, p-dimethylaminobenzaldehyde, 1,3-Diazidobenzene,
Dimethylbenzylcarbinol + hydrogen peroxide, Epichlorohydrin, Ethyl alcohol + hydrogen peroxide,
Ethylene diamine, Ethylene glycol and other glycols, , Ethylenimine, Fulminates, hydrogen peroxide,
Hydrochloric acid, Hydrofluoric acid, Iodine heptafluoride, Indane + nitric acid, Iron, Isoprene, Lithium
silicide, Mercuric nitride, Mesityl oxide, Mercury nitride, Metals (powdered), Nitromethane, Nitric acid +
glycerides, p-Nitrotoluene, Pentasilver trihydroxydiaminophosphate, Perchlorates, Perchloric acid,
Permanganates + benzene, 1-Phenyl-2-methylpropyl alcohol + hydrogen peroxide, Phosphorus,
Phosphorus isocyanate, Picrates, Potassium tert-butoxide, Potassium chlorate, Potassium Permanganate
and other permanganates, halogens, amines, Potassium Permanganate + Potassium chloride, Potassium
Permanganate + water, Propiolactone (beta)-, Pyridine, Rubidium aceteylene carbide, Silver
permanganate, Sodium, Sodium carbonate, sodium hydroxide, Steel, styrene monomer, toluene + nitric
acid, Vinyl acetate, Thalium (I) azidodithiocarbonate, Zinc chlorate, Zinc Iodide, azides, carbonates,
cyanides, sulfides, sulfites, alkali hydrides, carboxylic acid anhydrides, nitriles, olefinic organics, aqueous
acids, cyclopentadiene, cyano-alcohols, metal acetylides, Hydrogen gas is generated by the action of the
acid on most metals (i.e. lead, copper, tin, zinc, aluminum, etc.). Concentrated sulfuric acid oxidizes,
dehydrates, or sulfonates most organic compounds.
Special Remarks on Corrosivity: Non-corrosive to lead and mild steel, but dillute acid attacks most
metals. Attacks many metals releasing hydrogen. Minor corrosive effect on bronze. No corrosion data on
brass or zinc.
Polymerization: Will not occur.
Waste Disposal:
Sulfuric acid may be placed in sealed container or absorbed in vermiculite, dry sand, earth, or a similar
material. It may also be diluted and neutralized. Be sure to consult with local or regional authorities
(waste regulators) prior to any disposal. Waste must be disposed of in accordance with federal, state and
local environmental control regulations.