Name, Dose, Route, Action of the drug; Side Frequency Why ordered for theeffects/Adverse patient effects

Name: Paracetamol Dose: 500 mg Route: Oral and IV Frequency: 

Patient’s Assessment

Hematologic: Though to  produce analgesia hemolytic anemia, by blocking pain neutropenia, leukopenia, impulses, pancytopenia. probably by inhibiting Hepatic: synthesis of prostaglandins in Jaundice the CNS or of other substances Metabolic: that sensitize pain Hypoglycemia receptors to Skin: mechanical or Rash, urticaria. chemical stimulation For mild pain and fever.

How will you know Patient’s teaching/Nurse the drug is responsibilities effective for the patient The patient is in  If the pain of the  Advise patient that drug patient is lessen is only for short term use pain or the absence and to consult the of pain. physician if giving to children for longer than 5 days or adults for longer than 10 days.  Advise patient or caregiver that many over the counter products contain acetaminophen; be aware of this when calculating total daily dose.  Warn patient that high doses or unsupervised long term use can cause liver damage.  Tell breastfeeding woman that drugs appears milk in low levels. Drug may be used safely if therapy is shortterm and doesn’t exceed recommend doses.

Name, Dose, Route, Action of the drug; Side

Patient’s

How will you know Patient’s teaching/Nurse

sites thromboplebitis after I.V. dizziness. and amebicide that works at both seizures. abdominal pain.   .  Observe for edema  Record number and character of stools when drug is used to treat amebiasis. neutropenia Musculoskeletal: Transient joint pains Respiratory: Upper respiratory tract infection the drug is responsibilities effective for the patient The patient has  If the patient did  Give oral form with undergone an not get any meals operation infection.Frequency Name: Metronidazole Dose: 500 mg Route: IV Frequency: Why ordered for theeffects/Adverse patient effects  Assessment  A direct acting CNS:  trichomonacide Headache. diarrhea Hematologic: Transient leucopenia. insomnia intestinal and extra intestinal CV: Edema. infusion It’s thought to enter the cells of microorganisms EENT: that contain nitro Sinusitis. vertigo. vomiting. fever. pharyngitis reductase Unstable compounds are then formed that bind to DNA and inhibit synthesis. causing death Prevention of post operative infection GI: Nausea.

dizziness inflammatory. inhibiting hypertension prostaglandin synthesis EENT: Sinusitis. Action of the drug. dyspepsia Hematologic: Decreased platelet adhesion.  Carefully observe patients with coagulopathies and those taking anticoagulants  Note for serious GI toxicity including peptic ulcers and bleeding. analgesic and antipyretic effects CV: Edema. possibly by arrhythmias. Side Frequency Why ordered for theeffects/Adverse patient effects Name: Ketorolac Dose: 300 mg Route: IV Frequency:   Patient’s Assessment CNS: Produces anti Headache. Route. treatment vomiting. diarrhea. Dose. cardiac decompensation. or the absence renal impairment or of pain.Skin: Rash Name. acute pain GI: for multiple dose Nausea. constipation. . prolonged bleeding How will you know Patient’s teaching/Nurse the drug is responsibilities effective for the patient The patient is in  If the pain of the  Use cautiously in patient is lessen patients with hepatic or pain. Short term management of pharyngitis moderately severe.

CV: Vasodilation Thought to bind EENT: to opioid Visual disturbances receptors and inhibit reuptake of norepinephrine GI: Nausea. constipation. synthetic dizziness. Side Frequency Why ordered for theeffects/Adverse patient effects Name: Tramadol Dose: 100 mg Route: IV Frequency:  Patient’s Assessment   A centrally acting CNS:  Headache. Action of the drug. Dose.Skin: Diaphoresis. . anxiety compound not chemically related to opiates. diarrhea. analgesic malaise. For pain dyspepsia Musculoskeletal: Hypertonia Respiratory: Respiratory depression Skin: How will you know Patient’s teaching/Nurse the drug is responsibilities effective for the patient The patient is in  If the pain of the  Reassess patient’s level patient is lessen pain. administration.  Monitor CV and respiratory status. seizures. vomiting. of pain at least 30 or the absence minutes after of pain. and serotonin. Route.  Give drug before onset of intense pain for better analgesic effect.  Tell patient to take drug as prescribed and not to increase dosage unless ordered.  Caution ambulatory patient to be careful when rising and walking. rash Name.

is low. although absorption may be decreased. Action of the drug. Instruct patient not to crush or chew extended release forms. Route. Dose. Action of the drug. diarrhea. Side effects/Adverse Frequency Why ordered for effects the patient Patient’s Assessment How will you Patient’s teaching/Nurse know the drug is responsibilities effective for the patient .  How will you know Patient’s teaching/Nurse the drug is responsibilities effective for the patient The patient  If the patient’s  Between meal doses are hemoglobin and hemoglobin and preferable.   Tell patient to take tablets with juice or water. an Nausea. To increase hemoglobin and hematocrit level. hematocrit. constipation. epigastric pain formation of hemoglobin. Route. is increased. Dose. rash Name. Name.Diaphoresis. essential component in the vomiting.  Monitor hemoglobin. but not with milk or antacids. Side Frequency Why ordered for theeffects/Adverse patient effects Name: Ferrous Sulfate Dose: 1 tablet Route: Oral Frequency: BID  Patient’s Assessment GI:  Provides elemental iron. and reticulocyte count during therapy. Drug can be hematocrit level hematocrit level given with some foods.

leucopenia. dyspepsia Hematologic: Neutropenia. eosinophilia Skin: Pruritis. Name.Name: Cefazolin Sodium Dose: 500 mg Route: Frequency: Every 6 hours  First generation cephalosporin that inhibits cellwall synthesis. nausea. stevens-johnson syndrome  Assess patient for infection at beginning and during therapy. lactation vomiting. erythematous rashes. infection    GI: For pregnancy or Pseudomembraneous colitis. diarrhea. Action of the drug. obtain a history to determine previous use of and reactions to penicillins or cephalosphorins. thromboplebitis with I. Change sites every 4872 hr to prevent phlebitis. CNS: Headache. thrombocytopenia. Monitor site for thrombophlebitis.V. Dose. seizures. confusion CV: Phlebitis. Before initiating therapy. Side effects/Adverse Frequency Why ordered for effects the patient Name:  First generation CNS: Patient’s Assessment How will you Patient’s teaching/Nurse know the drug is responsibilities effective for the patient  Instruct patient to take . Route. pain. Persons with a negative history of penicillin sensitivity may still have an allergic response. promoting osmotic instability. usually bactericidal.

eosinophilia. Dose. thrombocytopenia. Route. Tell patient to notify prescriber if rash or signs and symptoms of superinfection develop. Patient’s Assessment  How will you know Patient’s teaching/Nurse the drug is responsibilities effective for the patient The patient is in  If the pain of the  Take drug with food and patient is lessen pain. anemia Musculoskeletal: Arthritis Skin: Erythematous rashes  the drug with food or milk to lessen GI discomfort. Side Frequency Why ordered for theeffects/Adverse patient effects Name: Mefenamic acid Dose: 500 mg Route: Oral  Antiinflammatory. rash. exact CNS: Headache. dizziness. of pain. analgesic. usually bactericidal.Cephalexin Dose: 500 mg Route: Frequency: cephalosporin that inhibits cellwall synthesis.  Report sore throat fever. and severe diarrhea. fatigue. take only the prescribed or the absence dosage. changers in vision. diarrhea. hallucinations GI: Pseudomembraneous colitis. vomiting. nausea. fatigue. Action of the drug. dizziness. and anti-pyretic activities related to inhibition of prostaglandin synthesis. swelling in ankles or fingers. . arrhythmias. Name. Headache. promoting osmotic instability. insomnia CV: Edema. dyspepsia Hematologic: Neutropenia.

vomiting.Frequency: As needed  mechanisms of action are not known. bone marrow depression Skin: Rash. sweating . hypertension EENT: Sinusitis. pharyngitis GI: Nausea. constipation. dyspepsia Respiratory: Dyspnea Hematologic: Bleeding. To relief pain.

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