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1. Definition of Teacher Teachers refers to all persona “Teachers”- refers to all persons They hae almost the same
engaged in teaching at the engaged in teaching at the definition of teacher. RA 7836
elementary and secondary levels, elementary and secondary levels, made the definition of teachers
whether on a full-time or part-time whether on full-time or part-time brief.
basis, including guidance basis, including industrial arts or
counselors, school librarians, vocational teachers and all other
industrial arts or vocational persons performing supervisory
teachers and all other persons and or administrative functions in
performing supervisory and or all schools in the aforesaid levels
administrative functions in all and qualified to practice teaching
schools in the aforesaid levels and under this act.
legally qualified to practice
teaching under this decree.
2. Teachers’ Examination
a) Scope of examination The examination shall consist of The examination for elementary In PD 1006, examinations for both
written text, the scope of which and secondary school teachers elementary and secondary
shall be determined by the board, shall be separate. The examination teachers were composed of
taking into consideration that for teachers in the elementary written test and the scope was not
teaching plan of the schools legally level shall consist of two parts, clearly stated while in RA 7836, the
constituted in the Philippines namely: professional education examination for teachers in the
and general education. The elementary consist of two parts,
examination for teachers in namely: professional education
secondary level shall consist of and general education. The
three parts, namely: professional examination for teachers in
education, general education and secondary level shall consist of
field of specialization. three parts, namely: professional
education, general education and
field of specialization.
b) Qualification No applicant shall be admitted to No application shall be admitted to The qualification requirements for
Requirements for take the examination unless, on take the examination unless, on examinees in the PD 1006 and RA
Examination the date of filling of the the date the date of filling of the 7836 are almost the same.
application, he shall have complied application, he shall have complied However, there was a revision on
with the following requirements: with the following requirements: the qualification of teachers in
a) Except those who have a) A citizen of the Philippines elementary and secondary
been engaged in teaching or an alien whose country education. In PD 1006 elementary
as herein defined for at has reciprocity with the education, a teacher who holds a
least five years in school in Philippines in the practice bachelor’s degree in elementary
the Philippines not of the teaching profession: education or ots equivalent can
organized exclusively for b) At least 18 years of age teach kindergarten and
nationals of a foreign c) In good health and good elementary grades but in RA 7836,
country at the time of the reputation with high moral teachers in preschool must be a
effectivity of this decree. values graduate of bachelor’s degree in
The applicant must be a d) Has not been convicted by early childhood education or its
citizen of the Philippines. final judgment by a court equivalent and for teachers in the
b) That he is of good moral for an offense involving elementary grades, a holder of
character moral turpitude bachelor’s degree in elementary
c) That he is free from any e) A graduate of a school, education or its equivalent. On he
physical and or mental college or university other hand in PD 1006, a holder of
defect which will recognized by the bachelor’s degree in secondary
incapacitate him to render government and possess education or its equivalent with a
efficient service and the minimum educational major and minor, or a bachelor’s
d) That he possesses the qualification as follows: degree in arts or sciences can
following minimum 1. For teachers in teach in the secondary schools
educational qualifications: preschool, a bachelor’s with at least 18 nits in professional
1. For teachers in the degree in early education but in Ra 7836, at least
kindergarten and childhood or its 10 units in professional education
elementary grades, equivalent is required.
bachelor’s degree 2. For teachers in the
elementary education or elementary grades, a
its equivalent bachelor’s degree in
2. For teachers of the elementary education
secondary schools, and its equivalent
bachelor’s degree 3. For teachers of the
secondary education or its secondary schools,
equivalent with a major bachelor’s degree
and minor, or a bachelor’s secondary education
degree in arts or sciences or its equivalent with a
with at least 18 units in major and minor, or a
professional education and bachelor’s degree in
3. For teachers of secondary arts or sciences with at
vocational and two-year least 10 units in
technical courses, professional education
bachelor’s degree in the 4. For teachers of
field of specialization with secondary vocational
at least 18 units in and two-year technical
professional education. courses, bachelor’s
degree in the field of
specialization with at
least 18 units in

c) Rating Obtained a general average of at The rating was not inscribed in this In PD 1006, in order that a
least 70 percent in all subjects, act. candidate maybe deemed to have
with no rating below 50 percent in successfully passed the
any subject examination, he must have
obtained a general average of at
least 70 percent in all subjects,
with no rating below 50 percent in
any subject. But in RA 7836, the
rating was not inscribed in this act.
d) Report of Results 150 days after the last day of 120 days after the examination. The report of results in PD 1006 is
examination. 150 days after the last day of
examination while in RA 7836; it
only takes 120 days after the
3. National Board for National Board for Teachers (NBT) The regulations and licensing of The promulgation of Presidential
Teachers was directly under the supervision teachers was transferred to the Decree No. 1006 on September 22,
of the Civil Service Commission. PRC through the enactment of 1976 formally organized the
The NBT was the first board to Republic Act No. 7836. The Board National Board of Teachers (NBT).
exercise regulatory exercise over for Professional Teachers is Directly under the supervision of
the teaching profession. collegial body under the general the Civil Service Commission, the
supervision and administrative NBT was the first board to exercise
control of the Professional regulatory exercise over the
Regulation Commission. teaching profession. On December
16, 1994 the regulations and
licensing of teachers was
transferred to the PRC through the
enactment of Republic Act No.
7836, otherwise known as “ The
Philippine Teachers
Professionalization Act of 1994.”
The law provided for the
professionalization under the aegis
of the PRC.
4. Causes of revocation of Causes of revocation of A. Conviction for any criminal In PD 1006, causes of revocation of
certificate/license certificate/license were not offense by a court of certificate/license were not
included in this degree. competent jurisdiction; included. On the other hand,
B. Immoral, unprofessional or causes of revocation of certificate
dishonorable conduct; or licensed were present and
C. Declaration by a court of posted in RA 7836.
competent jurisdiction for
being mentally unsound or
D. Malpractice, grows
incompetence, grows
negligence or serious
ignorance of the practice
of the teaching profession;
E. The use of or
perpetration of any fraud
or deceit in obtaining a
certificate of registration,
professional licensed or
special/ temporary permit;
F. Chronic inebriety or
habitual use of drugs:
G. Violation of any of the
provisions of this Act, the
rules and regulations and
other policies of the Board
and the Commission, and
the code of ethical and
professional standards for
professional teachers: and
H. Unjustified or willful
failure to attend seminars,
workshops, conferences
and the like or the
continuing education
program prescribed by the
Board and the