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II: How Much Do You Know About Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine?

Honor of the Family

Some families are frequent guests of the Nobel Prize. Hans von Euler-Chelpin won
the Nobel Prize in Chemistry, and his son, Ulf von Euler, won the Nobel Prize in
Physiology or Medicine. On the contrary, Arthur Kornberg, the farther, won the
Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine, while his son Roger D. Kornberg won the
Nobel Prize in Chemistry. In addition, Jan Tinbergen, brother of Nikolaas Tinbergen,
winner of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine, won the Nobel Prize in
Economics.

The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine Was Once Awarded to the Deceased

In general, the Nobel Prize is awarded only to the living person. However, the case was broke
once at the Physiology or Medicine Awards. When the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine was
announced in 2011, the winner Ralph Steinman had passed for three days. However, the Nobel
Foundation Board of Directors still retained the Nobel Prize for Ralph in accordance with the
charter, as the Nobel Congress did not know when Ralph had died in announcing the winners.

Which areas of research are most likely to receive the Nobel Prize in Physiology or
Medicine?

Between 1901 and 2014, the most common area of research for the Nobel Prize in Physiology or
Medicine was genetics with 48 winners. According to statistics of each research field, the order of
winners is listed as follows:

Number of the Winners Research Fields


48 Genetics
29 Biochemistry
27 Cell Physiology
26 Neurophysiology
23 Immunology
21 Metabolism, Molecular Biology
14 Virology, Disease Transmission
12 Endocrinology
10 Physiology, Bacteriology
9 Cardiovascular Physiology, Oncology
7 Chemistry, Pharmacology
6 Eye physiology
Antimicrobials, Imaging Diagnostics, Embryology,
4 Epidemiology, Hematology, Parasitology, Transplant
Immunology
3 Muscle Physiology, Neuroanatomy, Zoology, Behavior,
Developmental Biology, Spatial Behavior
2 Gastroenterology, Otolaryngology, Nutrition
Audiology, Dermatology, Diagnostic Techniques, Digestive
Physiology, Microbiology, Optics, Radiology,
1
Reproductive Medicine, Respiratory Physiology, Surgery,
Toxicology and Transplantation

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