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Ecological Solid Waste

Management
Based on….
R.A. 9003
or the Ecological Solid Waste
Management Act of 2000
By: Adam Jesus B. Bering
NSTP/WSPO Coordinator, FCU
Sequence of Presentation :
A. ECO-Bingo Game
B. Salient Features of RA 9003
C. Implementing Rules & Regulations of RA 9003
D. What is Ecological Solid Waste Management?
E. What are the sources of Solid Waste Generation?
F. Hierarchy of Integrated Solid Waste ISWM
G. Solid Wastes Generation/Report
I. What are Solid Wastes? Flow of 3-types of Solid Wastes
J. What are Biodegradable & Non-Biodegradable Waste?
K. Waste Avoidance & the 3’Rs of SWM. How to Manage
Our Wastes?
L. Material Recovery Facilities (MRF) Models
M. The FCU Integrated Ecological Solid Waste Segregation
Program (University Ko Tinluan Ko, Basura Ko Tipunon
KO”)
N. “Ang Alamat Nang Unang Tao”
ECO-BINGOPrepared by: Mr. Adam Jesus B. Bering, NSTP Coordinator
Instructions: Encircle the statement if you practice what is written in the numbered box. Put an X mark if
you don’t. Shout BINGO as soon as you complete a line (vertical, horizontal, or diagonal) with the same
marks: all X’s or all circles.
1 2 3 4 5
I recycle used I use a glass of I plant some I walk instead of I enrich garden soil
letter water when vegetables at home taking a ride to with organic
Envelopes brushing my teeth nearby places fertilizers

6 7 8 9 10
I pick up litter I drink soft drink I throw away empty I love to eat I burn worn out
along school from a plastic bottles. processed meat plastic wares
corridors cups/bags products.

11 12 13 14 15
I do composting at I use naturally I am fond of I put all the
home. scented potpourri FREE listening to garbage at home in
as air freshener disco/rock music one container

16 17 18 19 20
I use pedestrian I use lots of paper I water our plants I smoke cigarettes I collect butterflies
lanes when towels more often during
crossing the street summer
21 22 23 24 25
I use water in a I convert scratch I set aside I save used bath or I put off lights and
basin in washing papers into note laundered clothes laundry water for other electrical
the dishes sheets for ironing at one cleaning the appliances when
time washroom or cars not needed.
(Are you a smart man or a wise man?)
An old wisdom says….

A smart man knows how to solve problems!

But:
A wise man will not have any
problem since he knows how
to avoid them !
Salient Features of RA 9003
 Ensure the protection of public health &
environment;
 Set guidelines and targets for solid waste
avoidance & volume reduction;
 Ensure the proper segregation, collection,
transport, storage, treatment & disposal of
solid waste
 Strengthen the integration of ecological solid
waste mgt. & resource conservation &
recovery topics into the academic curricula in
order to promote environmental awareness
among the citizenry.
 Employ environmentally sound methods to
encourage resource conservation and
recovery.
The Implementing Rules and Regulations of the
Ecological Solid Waste Management Act:
 Mandates the Department of Education (DepEd), the
Technical Education and Skills Development Authority
(TESDA), the Commission on Higher Education (CHED),
the Department of Environment and Natural Resources
(DENR), and other concerned agencies to aggressively
incorporate ecological waste management in the school
systems at all levels, emphasizing on the involvement
of:
*the school administration
*teaching staff
*non-teaching staff
*studentry in school-wide and nearby community
waste management actions, and in the strengthening
of the waste management content of the school
curricula.
WHAT IS ECOLOGICAL SOLIDWASTE MANAGEMENT?
Ecological Solid Waste Management – is the
proper handling of wastes which involves the
following:
 Waste Avoidance – refers to engaging into an
activity that prevents the generation of waste.
 Waste Reduction – is the minimization of
wasteful consumption of goods.
 Re-Use – is the process of recovering materials
intended for the same purpose without changing
their physical and chemical characteristics.
WHAT IS ECOLOGICAL SOLIDWASTE MANAGEMENT?
 Recycling – is the treatment of used or waste
materials through a process of making them
suitable for beneficial use and for other
purposes.
 Composting – is the controlled decomposition of
organic matter by micro-organisms, mainly
bacteria and fungi, into a humus-like product.
 Waste Disposal – refers to the proper discharge
of any waste into or in any land.
What are the sources of solid waste generation ?
agricultural

domestic industrial
institutional
commercial
RECYCLABLE WASTE -
SOURCE TO JUNKSHOP

19%
22% RESIDUAL WASTE
RECYCLABLE WASTE -
CENTRAL MRF 31%
28%
2% 1
2
6

32%
29.5% 15%
14%
FOOD / KITCHEN / ETC. 3.5%
2% AGRICULTURAL WASTE

BIODEGRADABLE WASTE
FROM MARKET

RESIDUAL WASTE RECYCLABLE WASTE COMPOSTABLE WASTE


Hierarchy of ISWM
Expected
most preferred option
WASTE AVOIDANCE & REDUCTION AT effect

public involvement SOURCE long-term


intensified

REUSE - RECYCLING

PROCESSING/ medium-term
TREATMENT

DISPOSAL
Intervention focuses
on technology

least preferred option

short-term
* SOLID WASTE COLLECTED REPORT
SOLID WASTES
Refers to all:
 Discarded household and
Commercial waste
 Non-hazardous institutional &
industrial waste
 Street sweeping
 Construction debris
 Agricultural waste & other non-
hazardous & non-toxic solid
wastes
Classification of Solid Wastes
A. Compostable Wastes
Are Bio-degradable
wastes such as food
waste, animal waste
& human waste.
Ano ang Biodegradable Waste?
Biodegradable wastes are all types of natural
waste from our kitchen, garden or paper
wastes in school that will rot (pwede
madunot). This can be turned into compost.
Food scraps
• panit sang prutas kag mga utanon
• left-over or spoiled food
• coconut husks, corn cobs, stems, seeds

Garden Waste
• Dahon, hilamon, sanga sang kahoy
• higko sang sapat (manok, baboy, baka)
• Farm waste (straw, rice husks, bagasse,
etc)
Biodegradable/Madulunuton
• food waste • used toilet paper
• fruit/vegetable peeling • animal manure
• Leftovers • dead animal
• vegetable trimmings
• leaves/branches/
• shells/eggs/shrimps/
crabs/mussels/clams/ twigs/grass cuttings
entrails/innards • disposable diapers/
• Seeds sanitary napkins (plastic
• bones liner removed)
• Flowers
• Paper/Cartons/cardboards

Mother Earth Foundation


B. Recyclable Wastes
Recyclable materials –
any waste material
retrieved from the waste
stream and free from
contamination that can
still be converted into
suitable beneficial use.
Examples of Recyclable Wastes
• Papers (newspapers, Office papers)
• Corrugated cardboard
• Glass/Aluminum
• Office papers
• Tin cans
• Ferros scrap metal
• Non-ferros scrap metal
• Plastic bottles

Mother Earth Foundation


C. Residual Wastes
Are solid waste materials
that are non-
compostable and non-
recyclable.
Examples of Residual Wastes
• Sanitary napkins
• Disposable diapers
• Worn-out rugs
• Ceramics
• Cady wrappers/sackets
• Cartons which contain a plastic lining
usually used for milk & juice containers
• Other soiled materials that cannot be
composted & recycled.
Mother Earth Foundation
D. Special Wastes
Are wastes refer to
household hazardous
wastes.
Examples of Special Wastes
• Paints/thinners/Used Oils
• Household & Lead-acid batteries
• Spray canisters
• Large worn-out or broken furniture
• Lamps
• Bookcases/Filing cabinets
• Worn-out/broke &/or discarded Electronic
items: radios, stereos, tv sets, cell phones,
etc.
• Dryers/Stoves/Refrigerators
Mother Earth Foundation
Non- Biodegradable/
Indi-Madunuton
• Tin cans/metals • dry cloth/fibers
• Glass/bottles • Diapers
(whole or broken) • Cigarette butts
• Plastics/PVC/PET • inkjet/cartridge
• Styrofoam • 2SM, 3SM,
• Rubber 6SM battery
• Scrap steel bars & GI • ISNF, ISMF battery
sheets • Computer parts

Mother Earth Foundation


How to Start
•Step 1 –Segregation
@ Source
•Should be started among
ourselves, at home, dept.
offices &/or classrooms.
•Separate containers for -
“biodegradable”, “non-
biodegradable”, & “special
waste”

•Formulate & implement an Ordinance


(school/city), i.e. “No Segregation, No
Collection”/Impose penalties”, etc.
How to Start
•Step 2 - Collection
•Segregated Collection or
Schedule days of
collection & disposal to
the School Material
Recovery Facilities (MRF).

•Biodegradables should be brought to the dumpsite of


the University in Dinginan Farm for composting as good
source of Organic Fertilizers.
•Recyclables should be •Non-biodegradable should
brought to the MRF for be disposed to the
sorting & proper disposal dumpsite of the City.
Brgy./School MRF
RECYCLABLES BIODEGRADABLES RESIDUAL

SORTING

JUNKSHOP COMPOSTING Solid Waste


TRUCK
CONCEPTUAL FRAMEWORK OF SCHOOL-BASED WASTE
MANAGEMENT
(FCU Integrated Solid Waste Management)

SCHOOL-BASED LEVEL residuals management

Drop off Sorting


Center

Recycling
Composting
papers cans metals
treatment plant
(Dump-Site)

Dinginan Farm Garden


junkshops/stores/factories
Mother Earth Foundation
Waste Avoidance & the 3R’s 0f Solid Waste
Management: Possible Solutions for Solid Wastes
Avoidance:
o Avoid disposable goods such as throwaway
razors, pens, diapers, etc.
o Avoid products that are made from non-
renewable resources.
Waste Reduction: Stop Throwing Things
Out
o Cut back the amount of waste by using
and throwing out less.

Mother Earth Foundation


Waste Avoidance & the 3R’s 0f Solid Waste
Management: Possible Solutions for Solid Wastes
Waste Reduction: Use Less Packaging
o Packaging is the major source of waste
paper & plastic
o Reduce the amount of unecessary
packaging
o Adopt practices that reduce waste toxicity
o Production should be environmentally clean
& made up of materials that can be Re-used
or recycles repeatedly.

Mother Earth Foundation


Waste Avoidance & the 3R’s 0f Solid Waste
Management: Possible Solutions for Solid Wastes
o Support the use of environmentally friendly
packaging by purchasing products with
minimal packaging or with packaging made
of recycle or recyclable materials.
Refuse
o Consider reusable products
o Maintain & repair durable products
o Reuse bags, containers, & other items
o Borrow, rent or share items used
infrequently
Mother Earth Foundation
Waste Avoidance & the 3R’s 0f Solid Waste
Management: Possible Solutions for Solid Wastes
o Sell or donate goods instead of throwing
them out
Recycle
o Choose recyclable products and containers
& recycle them.
o Select products made from recyclable
materials.
o Compost yard trimmings, food scraps and
other biodegradable wastes.
Mother Earth Foundation
Simple Tips On How to Manage Your Wastes
 Do not burn your wastes.
 Do household composting.
 Segregate items into recyclables,
compostables and residuals.
 Reuse plastic bags, paper sacks, plastic
and glass containers.
 Buy only what you need.
 Buy products & items that are made
from recycled or recyclable materials
Mother Earth Foundation
How to Manage Your Wastes
 Sell old furniture, broken appliances
and old newspapers to junk shops.
 Limit the use of disposable items.
 Do not throw your wastes everywhere.
 Make sure that you waste are collected
by the garbage truck.

Mother Earth Foundation


Materials Recovery
Facility (MRF)
MRFs are the heart
and soul of ecological
solid waste management.

Mother Earth Foundation


Containers for Segregation
Containers for Segregation
IS THE
MISSION
POSSIBLE
OR
IMPOSSIBLE ?
“In the Universe,
great acts are
made up of small
deeds”
• Lao Tzu
Our Obligation

It is our moral obligation to


Protect the Environment
& the World
to provide the next generation
with a Viable Environment
We appeal for your commitment, let’s support our
 on “War on Waste (Wow)!”
campaign
NOW is the
time!!!!
Let’s leave our children
a living planet.

Segregate and Compost.


Reduce. Reuse. Recycle.
“Lets Work for a
Better Environment
and a Sustainable
Future “
“Let’s be all Advocates and
Activists on War on Wastes
(Wow)! -Rev. Dr. Domingo J. Diel, Jr.
Former FCU President

THANK YOU !
Mr. Adam Jesus B. Bering
FCU NSTP Coordinator/
Subject Teacher, Readiness 1
“Educate Environmentalist !” 5008 Roxas City, Panay, Philippines
Phone: +63-3-6210-471 local 189
E-mail: jesusadam58@gmail.com
Us… Everywhere….