Thailand Census 2010

The Population and Housing Census is the collection of data of the population and their place of residence for everyone who currently resides in the country. It is equivalent to a photo “snap-shot” on the date of the Census to show how many people on that date are living in Thailand, where are they living, how many are males/females, children, in the labor force, elderly, disabled, what is their level of education, literacy, unemployment status, occupation, what type of residence do they live in, and how hygienic is that residence, and how often do they move, among other issues.

The Census is a count of the de facto resident population, and the data provide a description of the population by a number of important characteristics. These data help to identify problems, set targets, and monitor the progress of the country’s development efforts which informs the Five-Year National Social and Economic Development Plan (No. 11 for 2012-2016). The Census data also help in the formulation of policy and planning for the population, economy, society, environment, and security, from the national to the local level. The Census data also provides baseline data for conducting projections of the population size and structure in future years. These data, tabulated by locality, are an important reference for many agencies of the government and private sector. The data are essential for accurate formulation of policy and for preparation of social welfare services and infrastructure development in accordance with the changing numbers and composition of the population in need of these services and support. The Census data also provide a sampling frame for conducting population surveys for in-depth study of various topics of interest

On a global scale, the current (2010) round of the population and housing census is being conducted in 228 countries around the world. Thailand has successfully completed ten rounds of its own Census, with the first round being conducted in 1910. The 2010 Census represents the eleventh round and marks the 100 year anniversary of the first Thai census. The National Statistical Office (NSO) has designated September 1, 2010 as the “National Census Day.” Thus, even though the Census data collection takes place over many weeks, the reference time period for all data documented in the 2010 Census are assigned to September 1. In this way, the data provide an unambiguous, precise, complete, and quality measurement of the population.

- To compile data on the number and characteristics of the entire de facto population in the country by locality. - To compile data on the number, type, and characteristics of domiciles of the population.

The 2010 round of the Census is being implemented during September 1 -30, 2010. The date of September 1, 2010 is the official reference date of the Census for assigning the number of the population and households.

The users of the Census data include various agencies of the government, the private sector, educational and research institutions, both within Thailand and internationally, and include international organizations.

The Census includes these populations: 1.1 All Thais residing in Thailand on the Census date (September 1, 2010); 1.2 Thai government soldiers, officers, diplomats and their families who are stationed outside of Thailand; 1.3 Non-Thais/aliens residing in Thailand for at least three months prior to the Census date; 1.4 Thais/non-Thais/aliens, who have a permanent residence in Thailand but temporarily traveled outside the country on the Census date. The Census does not include: - Foreign government officials, soldiers, diplomats and their families who are residing in Thailand; - Non-Thais/aliens who have been present in Thailand less than three months prior to the Census date. - Refugees or displaced persons in government holding facilities. The Census includes these households: All structures throughout the country used as a place of residence of the population, including private houses, buildings, public housing, rooms in office buildings, domiciles under bridges, etc


Core items Population data

Detail number of population and domiciles sex religion nationality spoken language size and type of domicile number of students currently enrolled by grade level number of persons by completed grade of education





number of persons who are literate province/country of birth

last province/country of residence urban-rural migration 4 reason for migrating Fertility and reproduction marital status number of live births number of living children number of deceased children primary occupation type of work/activity 6 Domicile employment status type and characteristic of domicile ownership of the domicile use of natural light use of a latrine type of household fuel consumed source of drinking/cleaning water types of household appliances/equipment use of different types of technology such as the Internet, cable TV, satellite TV



The 2010 Thai Census is the first time that that NSO has given the population the following choice of four methods of responding to the Census questionnaire: 1. By in-person interview with a data collection official; 2. By filling out a self-administered questionnaire and mailing this back; 3. By filling out the data on the Internet; or

4. By phone interview. 5. 6. The Census questionnaire comes in two types as follows: 1. General questionnaire for all types of households, including the address, type of domicile, and number of residents by household (Census Form 1); and 2. Population questionnaire to collect data for each member of the household including basic population characteristics, data on migration, etc (Census Form 2).

1. Intensive training, theoretical and practical, for Census takers 2. Technical specialists oversee the data collection process a. Re-interviews with a sub-sample of households b. Field edit checks of the data for completeness and plausibility 3. Scanning of the questionnaire data using ICR (Intelligent Character Recognition) 4. Centralized editing of the data for correctness and internal consistency a. Manual editing (recording and coding of the data) b.Machine editing 5. Post Enumeration Survey (PES) The PES is conducted to assess completeness/accuracy of the Census data (using NSO officials as the data collectors

Census Report Preliminary Report: Advance Report: Final Report: 3 months after completion of field work 6 months after completion of field work During 2011 (province-by-province reports)

Internet-based data dissemination The Internet site will contain a web page with the Census results. There will be a data warehouse. There will GIS (geographic information system) presentations of the data. A service called “Census Info” will address ad hoc issues.

Special Analyses (in collaboration with educational institutions)

The Census data are presented as aggregates. There is no information being reported on individual persons or individual households. The personal information provided is absolutely confidential.

National Level The data from the National Population and Housing Census help in the country’s planning and policy-making tasks to promote quality development of the nation in a way that meets the needs of the different population sub-groups. For example, the data help to inform projects and programs to improve family development, housing, social services, education, public health, transport and communication, urban and rural development, infrastructure and public utilities, among many other endeavors. All these projects and programs have potential benefits for the population and for socioeconomic and political development of the nation. Community Level The data from the National Population and Housing Census helps in the allocation of public utilities so that they are in adequate supply for each locality, and to raise the quality of life of the population. For example, this includes urban planning, construction of schools, transport and communications, public health services, Individual Level The data from the Census have potential benefits for every person residing in the country including those with special needs such as the elderly, migrants, children, students, the disabled, foreigners, etc. Because of the Census, all of the sub-groups of the population will be enumerated so that there can be appropriate allocation of welfare services including public utilities and infrastructure in just the right quantities to meet the needs of everyone. In this way, the government can prepare enough resources so that, for example, all the eligible elderly will receive social security benefits, children will be fully covered by the essential vaccines, among many other benefits to the population.

Contact Information

The local branch of the NSO can be contacted in every province in Thailand through its street address, phone/fax number, map of location, and/or the provincial services Internet website. The preferred method of contact is by using the interactive map of the country and clicking on the province of residence, which then shows the local contact information. What you can do The on-line community through the Internet is an influential force in society by virtue of its speed and convenience of communication among individuals or groups. The NSO gives importance to the on-line community for its potential to help promote the National Population and Housing Census through such channels as Facebook, Twitter, and YouTube. Recommendation: The NSO should assign persons responsible for overseeing and providing accurate and timely information about the Census via the Internet channels such as Facebook, Twitter, and YouTube (either some or all of these).

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