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1 2018

Overstrand Coast
North Norfolk
Student Fieldwork Pack

Name:
Teacher:
2 2018

Contents
Location............................................................................................................................................3
OS Map.............................................................................................................................................4
Site map...........................................................................................................................................5
Geomorphic background..................................................................................................................6
Shoreline management plan ............................................................................................................7
Shoreline management plan.............................................................................................................8
Cliff Recession in our area.................................................................................................................9
Activities.........................................................................................................................................10
Field sketches.................................................................................................................................11
Observations looking east..............................................................................................................12
The Sea Defences ...........................................................................................................................13
Coastal defence sustainabilty surveys .......................................................................................14-17
Health and Safety………….…………………………………………………………………………………………………………….18

Evaluation.......................................................................................................................................19
Pages for Notes..........................................................................................................................20-21
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(i)GCSE Coasts Fieldwork


Location in a wider context

Location
North East Norfolk

Identify the location of Overstrand, our study site.


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Overstrand Ordnance Survey


Map extract.

What can you identify in the


Overstrand area from this
map?

Land use? Buildings?


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Site- Clifton Way Cliff Failure

Identify the area of the cliff failure on the map.


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The key features of the geomorphic landscape at


Overstrand

Consider what you now know about the geology of the North Norfolk coast.

Put these statements into the correct order by numbering them:

• Winter storms erode the base of the cliffs making them more likely to collapse

• East Anglia is the driest part of the UK but still has around 500mm of rain per year.

• Autumn and winter rain can then get into the cliffs.

• Clay within the cliff can then trap the water in making it heavy and unstable.

• The dry summers cause the clay in the glacial till cliffs to crack.

• Add labels to this photo to explain what is happening. Consider using some or all of the
following words: Slumping, Unconsolidated glacial till, Small beach, Cracks in cliff
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Shoreline Management Plan

Overstrand details:
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Shoreline Management Plan Map
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Cliff Recession in our area

This image shows the Clifton Way cliff


failure in 1997

Fill in the gaps:

The rocks forming the cliffs are ……………… and ………………………… overlying
…………………. Water gets into the cliffs when it rains and is then called
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…………………………………… This seeps down through the cliff and the clay becomes
waterlogged. This makes the cliff …………………….. and causes……………………………

Fill in the names of the four different strategies to be used as part of the
SMP

Build new defences further out to sea creating new land. This most
expensive option involves hard engineering. It is essential for
projects like a new estuary airport.

Use hard or soft engineering to maintain sea defences. This


expensive option is worth it for a town where the value of property
is higher than the cost of sea defences.

Create a gap in the existing sea defences to allow land to flood


naturally. This cheaper option allows features like sand dunes or
salt marshes to develop and provides a natural barrier to further
erosion.

Allow natural processes to happen. This is most likely when land or


property has a lower value than the cost of sea defences.

Key words

What specific vocabulary is connected with this topic?

Write here…
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On the beach.
The Clifton Way Cliff Failure-field sketch.
Some suggested annotations: cliffs, sea,
regraded slope, rip-rap

The Active Slump-field sketch.


Some suggested annotations: sand, clay, road,
foundations, chalk, toe

The Sea Defences


Match up the sea defences with their descriptions and make a sketch of each
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Looking East
Look east along the coast. The next settlement is Trimmingham. What do your
observations and the graph below tell you about sea defences between
Overstrand and Trimmingham?
A:

Can you think of any reasons why erosion is not being prevented along this
section of the coast?

A:
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The Sea Defences


Match up the types of sea defences with their descriptions and make a sketch
of each type in the boxes below. Consider their advantages and disadvantages.

Traps sand being transported by the sea. Reduces wave energy and allows sand and
Reduces longshore drift. shingle through which then becomes trapped.
Advantage: Advantage:
Disadvantage: Disadvantage:

Reduce wave energy reaching the base of the Made from timber and large rocks, breaks up
cliff. Made from large boulders. wave energy
Advantage: Advantage:
Disadvantage: Disadvantage:

Extremely resistant to erosion and therefore Provides stability at the cliff base and allows
reduces erosion of the cliff base. good drainage.
Advantage: Advantage:
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Disadvantage: Disadvantage:

Coastal defence sustainability analysis.


Approximate costs for coastal defences

 Seawalls cost approximately £5000 per metre although this depends on the size and
design of the structure.

 Rock costs about £40-50 per m3. A rock groyne costs about £125,000 , while using
rock as toe Armour or 'Rip Rap' costs between £1000 and £3000 per metre.

 Timber revetment costs around £1500 per metre.

 Timber groyne cost £1000 per metre. If a typical groyne is 100 metres long then that
is £100,000 per groyne.

 Beach nourishment probably costs about £10 per m3 of material and, of course,
involves many thousands of m3 of material.

 Offshore breakwaters, such as those at Sea Palling, are very expensive, costing
millions of pounds each.

Look at the rock armour/rip-rap. One tonne of rip-rap costs about £55 (one tonne is
about the same as a small car).

Estimate how many tonnes there are………………………

The actual amount is ……………………. Tonnes making a total cost of £……………

Why would placing rip-rap alone not be enough to prevent further slumping?

Location/type of coastal defence:

Negative evaluation factor -3 -2 -1 1 2 3 Positive evaluation factor


Vulnerable to erosion Effective protection against
erosion
Vulnerable to overtopping Effective against overtopping
(unable to control flooding) (good flood defence).
Ugly (poor aesthetic value) Enhances natural environment
(high aesthetic value)
Poor access to beach Good provision made for access
to beach.
High risk safety hazard to No obvious safety risk to
general public general public.
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Short lifespan or high Good life expectancy and low
maintenance costs maintenance costs.
High levels of disturbance Low levels of disturbance
caused to local people during caused to local people during
construction construction.
Disturbs natural coastal Maintains natural coastal
processes and habitats processes and habitats

Location/type of coastal defence:

Negative evaluation factor -3 -2 -1 1 2 3 Positive evaluation factor


Vulnerable to erosion Effective protection against
erosion
Vulnerable to overtopping Effective against overtopping
(unable to control flooding) (good flood defence).
Ugly (poor aesthetic value) Enhances natural environment
(high aesthetic value)
Poor access to beach Good provision made for access
to beach.
High risk safety hazard to No obvious safety risk to
general public general public.
Short lifespan or high Good life expectancy and low
maintenance costs maintenance costs.
High levels of disturbance Low levels of disturbance
caused to local people during caused to local people during
construction construction.
Disturbs natural coastal Maintains natural coastal
processes and habitats processes and habitats

Location/type of coastal defence:

Negative evaluation factor -3 -2 -1 1 2 3 Positive evaluation factor


Vulnerable to erosion Effective protection against
erosion
Vulnerable to overtopping Effective against overtopping
(unable to control flooding) (good flood defence).
Ugly (poor aesthetic value) Enhances natural environment
(high aesthetic value)
Poor access to beach Good provision made for access
to beach.
High risk safety hazard to No obvious safety risk to
general public general public.
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Short lifespan or high Good life expectancy and low
maintenance costs maintenance costs.
High levels of disturbance Low levels of disturbance
caused to local people during caused to local people during
construction construction.
Disturbs natural coastal Maintains natural coastal
processes and habitats processes and habitats

Location/type of coastal defence:

Negative evaluation factor -3 -2 -1 1 2 3 Positive evaluation factor


Vulnerable to erosion Effective protection against
erosion
Vulnerable to overtopping Effective against overtopping
(unable to control flooding) (good flood defence).
Ugly (poor aesthetic value) Enhances natural environment
(high aesthetic value)
Poor access to beach Good provision made for access
to beach.
High risk safety hazard to No obvious safety risk to
general public general public.
Short lifespan or high Good life expectancy and low
maintenance costs maintenance costs.
High levels of disturbance Low levels of disturbance
caused to local people during caused to local people during
construction construction.
Disturbs natural coastal Maintains natural coastal
processes and habitats processes and habitats

Location/type of coastal defence:

Negative evaluation factor -3 -2 -1 1 2 3 Positive evaluation factor


Vulnerable to erosion Effective protection against
erosion
Vulnerable to overtopping Effective against overtopping
(unable to control flooding) (good flood defence).
Ugly (poor aesthetic value) Enhances natural environment
(high aesthetic value)
Poor access to beach Good provision made for access
to beach.
High risk safety hazard to No obvious safety risk to
general public general public.
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Short lifespan or high Good life expectancy and low
maintenance costs maintenance costs.
High levels of disturbance Low levels of disturbance
caused to local people during caused to local people during
construction construction.
Disturbs natural coastal Maintains natural coastal
processes and habitats processes and habitats

Location/type of coastal defence:

Negative evaluation factor -3 -2 -1 1 2 3 Positive evaluation factor


Vulnerable to erosion Effective protection against
erosion
Vulnerable to overtopping Effective against overtopping
(unable to control flooding) (good flood defence).
Ugly (poor aesthetic value) Enhances natural environment
(high aesthetic value)
Poor access to beach Good provision made for access
to beach.
High risk safety hazard to No obvious safety risk to
general public general public.
Short lifespan or high Good life expectancy and low
maintenance costs maintenance costs.
High levels of disturbance Low levels of disturbance
caused to local people during caused to local people during
construction construction.
Disturbs natural coastal Maintains natural coastal
processes and habitats processes and habitats

Key questions:

How do the geomorphic processes along the coast influence the landforms?
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How do you think the Overstrand coast should be managed?

Health and Safety


What action and precautions should you take to reduce risk when working
outside on coasts fieldwork?

1.

2.

3.

4.
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Evaluation
a) How could you make this fieldwork more reliable next time?
b) What other coasts characteristics could you study next? How would you
carry this out?
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Pages for Notes


22 2018