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# Electrical Engineering Technician Part 1

A Course Outline

Electrical Principles

First Year
Term Course content
1 Units Associated with basic Electrical quantities
 SI Units
 Charge
 Force
 Work
 Power
 Electrical potential and e.m.f
 Resistance and conductance
 Electrical power and energy

## An introduction to electric circuits

 Electrical/ Electronic system block diagrams
 Standard symbols for electrical components
 Electric current and quantity of electricity
 Potential difference and resistance
 Basic electrical measuring instruments
 Linear and non-liner devices
 Multiples and sub-multiples
 Conductors and Insulators
 Electrical power and energy
 Main effects of electric current
 Fuses

Resistance Variation
 Resistance and Resistivity
 Temperature coefficient of resistance

## Batteries and alternative sources of energy

 Introduction to batteries
 Chemical effects of electricity
 The simple cell
 E.m.f and internal resistance of a cell
 Primary and Secondary cells
 Cell capacity
 Fuel cells
 Alternative and renewable energy sources
Series and parallel networks
 Series circuits
 Potential divider
 Parallel networks
 Current Division
 Relative and absolute Voltages
2 Capacitors and capacitance
 Introductions to capacitors
 Electrostatic field
 Electric field strength
 Capacitance and Capacitors
 Electric flux density
 Permittivity
 The parallel plate capacitor
 Capacitors connected in parallel and series
 Dielectric strength
 Energy stored in capacitors
 Types of capacitors

Magnetic Circuits
 Introduction to magnetism and magnetic circuits
 Magnetic fields
 Magnetic flux and flux density
 Magnetomotive force and magnetic field strength
 Permeability and B-H curves
 Reluctance
 Composite series magnetic circuits
 Comparison between electrical and magnetic quantities
 Hysteresis and hysteresis loss

Electromagnetism
 Magnetic field due to an electric current
 Electromagnets
 Force on a current- carrying conductor
 Principle of operation of a simple d.c. motor
 Principle of operation of a moving-coil instrument
 Force on a charge

Electromagnetic induction
 Introduction to electromagnetic induction
 Laws of electromagnetic induction
 Rotation of a loop in a magnetic field
 Inductance
 Inductors
 Energy stored
 Inductance of a coil
 Mutual inductance
3 Electrical measuring instruments and measurements
 Analogue and moving-iron instrument
 The moving-coil rectifier instrument
 Comparison of the instruments
 Shunts and multipliers
 Instrument loading effect

Second Year
Term Course content
1 Alternating voltages and currents
 Introduction to a.c generator
 Waveforms and a.c values
 Equation of a sinusoidal waveform

## Single-phase Series a.c circuits

 Purely resistive a.c circuits
 Purely inductive a.c circuits
 Purely capacitive a.c circuits
 R-L series a.c circuit
 R-C series a.c circuit
 R-L-C series a.c circuit
 Series resonance
 Q- factor
 Bandwidth and selectivity
 Power in a.c. circuits
 Power triangle and power factor

## Single-phase parallel a.c circuits

 R-L parallel a.c circuit
 R-C parallel a.c circuit
 L-C parallel a.c circuit
 LR-C parallel a.c circuit
 Parallel resonance and Q- factor
 Power factor improvement

2 Transformers
 Transformer principle of operation
 Transformer no-load phasor diagram
 E.m.f equation of a transformer
 Transformer on-load phasor diagram
 Transformer construction
 Equivalent circuit of a transformer
 Regulation of a transformer
 Transformer losses and efficiency
 Resistance matching
 Introduction to three phase transformers
 Voltage and current transformers

D.C. machines
 The action of a commutator
 D.C. machine construction
 Shunt, series and compound windings
 E.m.f generated in an armature winding
 D.C generators
 Types of d.c. generators and their characteristics
 D.c machine losses
 Efficiency of a d.c generator
 D.C. motors
 Torque of a d.c motor
 Types of d.c motor and their characteristics
 The efficiency of a d.c. motor
 D.C. motor starter
 Speed control of d.c. motors
 Motor cooling