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Making Mainstreaming an Effective Approach

to Climate Change Adaptation


2017 LMP National Roll-Out Training-Workshops
for the Formulation of Local Climate Change Action Plan (LCCAP) in the Philippines

NONG C. RANGASA
Executive Director, LCCAD
Resident Trainer, LCCAP Formulation

nongrangasa.lccad@gmail.com or www..lccad.org
Making Mainstreaming an Effective Approach
to Climate Change Adaptation
• Climate change is a major challenge to development for many
vulnerable countries like the Philippines and the rest of the world; as such
development strategies should consider responses to climate change
adaptation and disaster risk and vulnerability reduction;

• Capacity for action of the national agencies and specially the Local
Government Units (LGUs) should be adequate for achieving with their
mandates to mainstream LOCAL CLIMATE CHANGE ADAPTATION
PLAN (LCCAP) and BARANGAY CONTINGENCY AND RECOVERY
PLAN (BCRP) for respective areas (CHAWFBEETISM), communities and
stakeholders; and

2017 LMP National Roll-Out Training-Workshop on the Formulation of Local Climate Change
Action Plan (LCCAP) in the Philippines
• Mainstreaming climate change adaptation (CCA), disaster risk (DR) and
vulnerability reduction (VR) integration should focus on meta scale at the
barangay level, micro scale at the city & municipal levels, meso scale at
the provincial & regional levels and macro at the national level needs
and priorities for sustainable development (SD). LCCAP stand-alone
document must be also incorporated, integrated and calibrated in the
following:
a) Local Climate Change Action Plan (LCCAP)
b) Comprehensive Development and Land Use Plans
(CDP or CLUDPs),
b)Provincial Development Physical Framework Plan (PDPFP),
c) Regional Development Plan (RDP) and
d) Philippine Development Plan (PDP) of the country.

2017 LMP National Roll-Out Training-Workshop on the Formulation of Local Climate Change
Action Plan (LCCAP) in the Philippines
Steps in Mainstreaming CCA, Disaster Reduction and Millennium
Development Goals

I. Strong Public Awareness, Information, Communication and Education:

• Promote progressive sustainable environment and the


implications of climate change;
• Prioritizing the identified impacts, vulnerability
assessment, opportunities, incentives and benefits;
• Mainstreaming CCA in the local planning and bottom-up
budgeting at all levels; and
• Mainstreaming NFSCC, NCCAP and LCCAP

2017 LMP National Roll-Out Training-Workshop on the Formulation of Local Climate Change
Action Plan (LCCAP) in the Philippines
Steps in Mainstreaming CCA, Disaster Reduction and Millennium
Development Goals

II. Empowerment and Capacity Building

• Local governments through institutionalization of Climate


Change Center/DRRMO and progressive environmental
management and sustainable development; and
• Integration of Environment and Climate Change Adaptation,
DRVR to Executive Legislative Agenda (ELA), Annual
Investment Plan (AIP), Comprehensive Development Plan
(CDP), CLUDP and LCCAP.

2017 LMP National Roll-Out Training-Workshop on the Formulation of Local Climate Change
Action Plan (LCCAP) in the Philippines
Steps in Mainstreaming CCA, Disaster Reduction and Millennium
Development Goals

III. Involvement and Participatory Adaptation Planning:

• Participatory Governance Planning- emphasizing involvement


of the public, private partnership (PPP) initiatives and multi-
stakeholders in identifying climate change impacts, effects
and other related concerns and natural resource issues and in
integrating them into their local development plans,
programs, budget, and accounting at the local government
level.

2017 LMP National Roll-Out Training-Workshop on the Formulation of Local Climate Change
Action Plan (LCCAP) in the Philippines
How do you create your
own LGU Seasonal
Calendar of Natural,
Human Hazards and
Cropping Calendar
agenda amidst climate
variability and extremes?

2017 LMP National Roll-Out Training-Workshop on the Formulation of Local Climate Change
Action Plan (LCCAP) in the Philippines
STEP 1 Identify your sector’s circumstances
and the specific risks, hazards and Vulnerabilities
from climate variability and extremes at your
respective core development, community and
area;

STEP 2 Provide a snapshot, mapping


calendar of risks, hazards and vulnerabilities for a
certain area (municipal, city, provincial, regional,
national);
2017 LMP National Roll-Out Training-Workshop on the Formulation of Local Climate Change
Action Plan (LCCAP) in the Philippines
STEP 3 Identify your specific month, quarter and
yearly calendar within which you are most vulnerable to
impacts of climate variability and extremes; and
STEP 4 Allow climate change adaptation (CCA),
disaster risk and vulnerability reduction (DRVR) for
consolidation to determine development priorities and
intervention of various proposed vulnerability assessment,
socio-economic impact and undertake anticipatory
adaptation measures, activities and options that could
be presented to local, national agencies and
international development partners and multi-
stakeholders.

2017 LMP National Roll-Out Training-Workshop on the Formulation of Local Climate Change
Action Plan (LCCAP) in the Philippines
Effects of Natural and Human Hazards on Agricultural Livelihood:
NATURAL HAZARD Human Hazard Commodity
/ Cropping
Typhoon Insurgency Rice
Flood Fire Corn
Landslide Transport Vegetable
Soil Erosion Industry Livestock Production
Land Use Change
Drought Fisheries
Pests/Epidemic Flooded rice Agriculture Others

others Waste Management System


(Landfill)

2017 LMP National Roll-Out Training-Workshop on the Formulation of Local Climate Change
Action Plan (LCCAP) in the Philippines
Operability of VA Indicators

• The key/main drivers for determining the impacts of climate


change and other related natural hazards are CARBON DIOXIDE
INCREASE, TEMPERATURE INCREASE and RAINFALL
VARIABILITY.

• The Operability level of the Indicators in terms of SENSITIVITY,


EXPOSURE, and ADAPTIVE CAPACITY are evaluated based on
data availability or ease of data generation including mapping, and
the level of competence in data processing.

2017 LMP National Roll-Out Training-Workshop on the Formulation of Local Climate Change
Action Plan (LCCAP) in the Philippines
Three operability levels are used:

• L-LOW: data are not readily available and are highly difficult to generate;
they also require technical expertise in mapping;

• M-MODERATE: data are available but need to be analyzed. This level also
indicates that the data needed can be generated and mapped with some effort
and at a certain cost, aside from requiring technical competence;

• H-HIGH: data and maps are readily available for use; and generating primary
data, which most sectoral planners can do, requires very minimal effort and
cost. The data can also be easily translated into maps.

2017 LMP National Roll-Out Training-Workshop on the Formulation of Local Climate Change
Action Plan (LCCAP) in the Philippines
HAZARD COLOR CODE

HIGH RED
MODERATE GREEN
LOW YELLOW

2017 LMP National Roll-Out Training-Workshop on the Formulation of Local Climate Change
Action Plan (LCCAP) in the Philippines
Analysis of local seasonal calendar of natural, human hazards
and cropping calendar:
1. NATURAL HAZARD
Natural J F M A M J J A S O N D
Hazard
Typhoon
Flood
Soil Erosion

Forest Fire
Drought
Pests/Epidem
ic
Others

2017 LMP National Roll-Out Training-Workshop on the Formulation of Local Climate Change
Action Plan (LCCAP) in the Philippines
2. HUMAN HAZARD
Human Hazard J F M A M J J A S O N D

Insurgency
Fire
Transport
Industry
Land Use
Change
Animal
Intrusion
Others

2017 LMP National Roll-Out Training-Workshop on the Formulation of Local Climate Change
Action Plan (LCCAP) in the Philippines
3. CROPPING CALENDAR
Cropping J F M A M J J A S O N D
Calendar
Rice
Corn
Vegetables

Livestock
Production
Fisheries
Others

2017 LMP National Roll-Out Training-Workshop on the Formulation of Local Climate Change
Action Plan (LCCAP) in the Philippines
Matrix for Assessing the Vulnerability by assessing the impacts due to the
climate attributes Scoring: Small, Moderate Large)
Damaged Losses in Damage due to Impacts on
Climate Attributes areas/Damages production pests yield/production
inputs
Change in rainfall
Early onset of rains
Delayed onset of rains
Too little rain
Too much rain
Increase of temp.
High temperature
Extreme events
Areas affected by
Droughts
Areas affected by
Floods
Areas affected by
Typhoons
“At this time, only ADAPTATION is the best option
that can guarantee attainment of a Zero-Casualty
goal provided that it is scientifically-based and
appropriately implemented, hence, more effective,
less expensive and more sustainable than short-term
prevention measures like pre-emptive evacuation or
reactive responses like rescue and relief operations ”

-Nong C. Rangasa
Executive Director, LCCAD
Resident Trainer for LCCAP Formulation

2017 LMP National Roll-Out Training-Workshop on the Formulation of Local Climate Change
Action Plan (LCCAP) in the Philippines
“Sa ngayon, tanging PAG-ANGKOP lamang sa
‘Pagbabago ng Klima’ ang siguradong paraan upang
makamit ang layuning “ZERO CASUALTY” basta’t
tiyaking ito’y may batayang agham at maayos na
naipatutupad kung kaya’t higit na epektibo, matipid at
pangmatagalan kaysa madaliang pamamaraan ng pag-
iwas tulad ng maagang paglikas, o kaya’y agarang
pagtalima gaya ng saklolo at pansamantalang tulong sa
mga nasalanta ng kalamidad.”
-Nong C. Rangasa
Executive Director, LCCAD
Resident Trainer for LCCAP Formulation

2017 LMP National Roll-Out Training-Workshop on the Formulation of Local Climate Change
Action Plan (LCCAP) in the Philippines
THANK YOU!
DIOS MABALOS
NONG C. RANGASA
Executive Director, LCCAD
Resident Trainer, LCCAP Formulation

Email: nongrangasa.lccad@gmail.com or www.lccad.org