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Introduction

According to the recent physic topic, students in class enabled to interpret and obtain
deeper knowledge from experiment of circular motion. Circular motion truly appears in our
daily lives but in form of study, it is characterised into two types of speeds which are
tangential speed and rotational speed. Rotational speed helps us to know the speed of
object rotating in one lap. For tangential speed will tell how many times the object rotates in
what times. It could be identify by the formula(V = RW or Tangential speed = Radial
Distance x Rotational Speed). Circular motion can additionally relate and lead to rotational
inertia. This different inertia is the property of object which can be rotated. It is a scalar value
which tells us how difficult it is to change the rotational velocity of the object around a given
rotational axis. The main factor that causes and effects is the mass of any object being
distributed to around of axis rotation. As the greater the distance between an object’s mass
concentration and the axis is, the greater the rotational inertia is. More importantly, to
emerge to rotation, there must be the force to make object rotate named torque. The
equation to calculate this spinning force is lever arm multiplying force. With these gathering
information of circular motion, to the given experiment, our group used our best to observe
from both long radius and short radius and dissimilar hooked mass weighed 50g and 100g.

Objective
- To study the forces involved in the motion of a body moving with constant speed in a
circular path

Material
1. Glass tube
2. Upper tube
3. String
4. Weight hanger
Set up

Procedure
1. Measure the mass of the tiny metal disk
2. Pass the string through the tube and attach the disk on the top of the tube
3. Hang a hooked mass of 175 g on the other end of the string
4. Hold the tube vertical and swing the disk in a circular path in a horizontal plane
5. Adjust the speed of rotation of the disk and the radius so that the hooked mass is just
supported by the string
6. Start the motion with the tube at arm’s length and above the head
7. Count and record the number of revolution in 30 seconds
8. Grasp the string at the bottom of the tube to mark the position of the string while the
disk is moving. Measure the distance from the top of the tube to the center of the disk
9. Change the radius of rotation. Use smaller value or larger one
10. Repeat steps 3-9 using hooked mass of 200g
Data and result
Mass of the metal object = 5g
Hooked mass = 50g

Radius Number Time Velocity Centripetal Centripetal Weigh % diff,


(cm) of rev sec (t) cm/s Acceleration Force Dynes t Between
(N) (v) cm/ s2 (Ac) (Fc) Hooke Fc & Mg
v= Ac = v 2 /r Fc = m V 2 /r d
2 π rN /t Mass
Dyne
(Mg)

30 84 30 168 π 9285.3 4644265 49,000 80.9%

68 55 30 748π 9023.011 451150 49,000 80.4%


3

39 80 30 208 π 10948.7 1094868.115 78,000 83.6%

60 75 30 196 π 12509.7 1250972.36 98,000 85.5%

Analysis
In the experiment, the metal is moving in horizontal circular motion while the hook remain
stationary. If mass of hook is increased, tension will also increased, which mean that
centripetal force is also increased

Conclusion

As the result of this experiment, we know that the circle