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take it out and put it in a single cell. As a part of building this chain. You can then link all those cells which need to use the formula. it also tries to sequence all the calculations so that those cells which are the ‘least’ dependent on other cells are stacked at the beginning of the chain and the ones that are ‘most’ dependent are stacked towards the end of the chain. So look at your spreadsheet. a VBA code calls for re calculation or anything else). Tip #2 Reduce dependence on volatile functions 3 of 17 6/7/2010 2:51 AM . to that single cell.How to speed up calculation and Improve performance of Excel and VBA | Excel & VBA . Track all dependencies and build an initial “calculation chain”. avoid the use of the same formula repeatedly in multiple cells by taking in out and using in a separate cell. Whenever an event occurs that causes Excel to recalculate (for example a cell is changed. If it tries to calculate a cell and finds that it is dependent on some other cell lower down the chain. Now lets look at some ways in which we can speed up the execution of excel and VBA code in our spreadsheets: Tip #1 Isolate repeated formulae and move them to single cells If possible. and if you are using version prior to Excel 2007. Load workbook in memory when the workbook is first opened. Quite often in practice. Calculate the cells that are marked in the chain one by one. if you have a vlookup() that gets repeated over a 1000 cells and essentially all of them return the same value. Excel will shift onto the ‘brute’ mode where it will force recalculate all cells. 2.da Tab Is On http://www. it rearranges the chain to move that cell downwards.php/how-to-speed-up-calculation-and-improve-performance-of-excel-and-vba/ The key to increasing speed of calculation and improving performance of your excel worksheet and VBA code lies in understanding how Excel calculates (and re-calculates) each cell and resolves dependencies. you may actually surpass that limit while working with large datasets.databison. the entire calculation process is carried out roughly as follows: 1.com/index. 3. As an exception to the above rule though. starting from the top and proceeding along to the bottom of the chain. if the number of dependencies go beyond 65536.

RAND(). Tip #3 Try placing everything within a single worksheet.Volatile command. Some of the most frequently used volatile functions are : OFFSET(). rand(). So. INFO().How to speed up calculation and Improve performance of Excel and VBA | Excel & VBA . A point to note is that a cell will be marked for recalculation if it has a volatile function.databison. the cell will be recalculated even though value1 and value2 may not change. For example. even though you may be nested deep within a conditional formula and you expect is to be called rarely. That will reduce the overhead on Excel and allow faster execution of calculations. Tip #4 Nest if conditions in the order of frequency of occurrence 4 of 17 6/7/2010 2:51 AM . Use references within the worksheet. CELL(). avoid the generous use of Application.com/index.da Tab Is On http://www. NOW().php/how-to-speed-up-calculation-and-improve-performance-of-excel-and-vba/ Volatile functions get calculated every time there is a change. if you have a formula like =if(value1 > value2. then within various worksheets of the same workbook and only then to other workbooks. even though their own output may not change. TODAY().0). INDIRECT() etc. wherever possible avoid using volatile functions in your spreadsheets and while writing VBA code.

the total weight of the formula would be the number of cells it references. it references a number of cells to generate an output. say a simple SUM(”range”) function. Nested IF() conditions should be like: = IF ( most_likely_condition . Expectedly. Now imagine a vlookup(). ). In some cases.How to speed up calculation and Improve performance of Excel and VBA | Excel & VBA . an OR condition can be Fastest finger first you see… Tip #5 Keep the total area under reference to a minimum Imagine for a minute that a single formula. the function will stop further evaluation and promptly return a value rather than having to go on checking if any of the other IF conditions are met. IF(the_second_most_likely_condition .…. ) Why. IF(the_third_most_likely_condition.da Tab Is On http://www.databison.php/how-to-speed-up-calculation-and-improve-performance-of-excel-and-vba/ You may want to visit the IF() conditions and see if they are nested in the order in which they are most likely to be encountered. because the moment the first condition is met.com/index.). It’s total weight would be the number of cells that 5 of 17 6/7/2010 2:51 AM . If each cell that it references can be given a weight of one.

Sometimes the VBA code can do the job much faster.ScreenUpdating in VBA Use Application. No wonder the spreadsheet responded to my commands with utmost disdain! Tip #6 Use simple formulae in multiple cells rather than a complicated formula in a single cell Having said it. Tip #7 Use Application. you’d do a world of good. also ensure that your own function is called last in a nested IF/OR condition. to only those many rows or columns that are ever expected to contain data. but to all the 65536 rows in the spreadsheet.you may bloat out the spreadsheet and prevent others from understanding what you did once you’re gone!!! But in many other cases. Given that. Excel tries to run calculations only over the area which contains some value and then ignores the rest of the cells. and you know that your data set does not expand that far. So when resolving a very large set of dependencies. It relieves Excel of it’s duty to update the screen till the time the code is getting executed. If you find that you’ve just landed at row 50. 6 of 17 6/7/2010 2:51 AM .How to speed up calculation and Improve performance of Excel and VBA | Excel & VBA . if you keep the area under references. if you use VBA . That way. especially when you utilize a large number of such complicated formulae .com/index. Press CTRL+END on your workbook and you will be taken to the last cell of the used range. until unless you are a coding God. Then save the workbook. Tip #9 Reduce Used Range The used range can roughly be described as the area that Excel may want to run recalculations over. If you could sum up all the weights of all the formulae in your worksheet. go back to the last cell in your data set and delete all the cells to the right and below it. now or in the future. in some cases.ScreenUpdating = False at the beginning of your VBA code and end it with Application. you may want to simplify things for Excel by breaking things down into smaller easily digestible pieces for it. So weigh the trade-off between usability and performance carefully. using multiple formulae in excel. Like any other language. on others it can slow thing down. On the other hand. like limiting the lookup range for a vlookup or a sum function. I was once puzzled by the slow response of one of the dashboards that I was working on which didn’t seem to have too many formulae. especially when you have volatile functions in your complicated formula. only to realize that I had a single formula copied not to 1000 rows (as was needed). Additionally if you write your custom VBA functions (also called the UDF or User Defined Function). there is a strong chance that your function is going to consume more system resources than a comparable in built VBA function.optimize. by virtue of point 2 above. Excel may have to perform a much smaller number of calculations.php/how-to-speed-up-calculation-and-improve-performance-of-excel-and-vba/ are specified as the lookup range in the argument. reuse variables and define data and return types so that you don’t keep VBA from guessing an object’s type at run time.databison. Tip #8 Weigh the use of VBA against using inbuilt Excel formulae Carefully weigh using VBA code vs. you can get an idea of the amount of resources Excel will have to marshal to keep track of changes. Excel tries to determine which cell may be the last one after which no other cells may have been touched or ‘dirtied’ so that it can stop its recalculations after reaching that cell. Now one would rarely a situation where every cell in the spreadsheet contains some value.000 and column GS. As rule of thumb. Imagine using an entire column (sum(A:A)) as an argument.da Tab Is On http://www. That will reduce the used range and should add that extra boost. this may not be advisable.ScreenUpdating = True.

databison. it will start from the first cell and proceed right downwards. Also if Excel has to resolve dependencies using ‘brute’ force. Use f4 or View->Properties window in VBA editor to change sheet names. place data first. So if everything is in the same sheet. To improve performance. So before you close that worksheet. But lookups and many other functions work a lot faster if they have to run on data that has been properly sorted. the one with intermediate formulae in the middle and the ones with the final presentation in the last.da Tab Is On http://www. Excel recalculates worksheets in alphabetical order.com/index.php/how-to-speed-up-calculation-and-improve-performance-of-excel-and-vba/ Tip #10 Sort Final and Static Data Often times we shut shop the moment we think we have the formulas working and VBA code running properly. take a few seconds to sort that data if it’s not going to change further. Tip #11 Sort worksheets .How to speed up calculation and Improve performance of Excel and VBA | Excel & VBA . you can rename the sheets in your workbook in such a manner that the sheet containing only data is the first one. 7 of 17 6/7/2010 2:51 AM .

write it back to the spreadsheet. reading values cell by cell from a spreadsheet can bog down the speed of execution of the code. just like any other formulae in the worksheet.da Tab Is On http://www. save it for the dessert . When using VBA you can use Worksheet.com/index.EnableFormatConditionsCalculation =TRUE/FALSE to temporarily turn conditional formatting On and Off. don’t read/write cell by cell .Read/write in bulk (Thanks for Jon for the input) When writing VBA code. A faster way of carrying out processing is to simply read the entire row/column/range into memory by assigning it to a Variant object.How to speed up calculation and Improve performance of Excel and VBA | Excel & VBA .databison. Tip #12 Use conditional formatting with care Conditional formats may seem a good choice to present data in a user friendly manner but remember that they are going to be recalculated if the input values change. Tip #13 When using VBA.php/how-to-speed-up-calculation-and-improve-performance-of-excel-and-vba/ then intermediate formulas to the right or downwards and the final presentation towards the rightmost bottom. So if you have to use conditional formatting. You can then carry out operations on the variant object and once done.when showing the final result to the user. Here are two examples: The Wrong Way The RightWay 8 of 17 6/7/2010 2:51 AM .

ozgrid.How to speed up calculation and Improve performance of Excel and VBA | Excel & VBA .org/dmcritchie/excel/slowresp.php/how-to-speed-up-calculation-and-improve-performance-of-excel-and-vba/ The later executes much faster.mvps.databison.Increase RAM and chip power Sometimes it is better to go back and ask for greater resources. you will often see lines of codes like these.da Tab Is On http://www.com http://blogs. work using an old war horse of a pc And while at that. (Range(”A1″).microsoft.decisionmodels.microsoft.) Tip #14 If everything fails .htm 9 of 17 6/7/2010 2:51 AM .aspx http://www.you don’t have to select cells to access and modify them them.com/Excel/ExcelSpreadsheetDesign. when you use the macro recorder.com/index.msdn.Select is not a necessary step to read value from that cell. The productivity improvement may well worth the investment.com/en-us/library/aa730921. (However. Recommended readings in this regard are: http://msdn.com/excel/archive/2008/10/03/what-is-the-fastest-way-to-scan-a-large-range-in-excel. another tip . especially if you.htm http://www.com/en-us/library/aa140058.aspx http://www.aspx http://msdn. like me.

How to speed up calculation and Improve performance of Excel and VBA | Excel & VBA . Punk ? A Big Thank You A New Rig Treemap in Excel .Six Sigma Control Chart Code & Software NEXT The Last Stand PREVIOUS Alternative to Pivot Table in Excel 10 of 17 6/7/2010 2:51 AM .Coming Soon VBA Select Case .databison.com/index.da Tab Is On http://www.php/how-to-speed-up-calculation-and-improve-performance-of-excel-and-vba/ Prevent Users Ctrl Break (ing) Your VBA Code During Execution Table Formula in Excel (Something I didn’t Know Till Yesterday) Multithreaded VBA .An Approach To Processing Using VBScript Named Range .Using VBA Select Case Statement in Excel Control Chart in Excel Using VBA .A Few Quickies So How Many Of These Excel Shortcuts Do You Know.

da Tab Is On http://www.com/index.How to speed up calculation and Improve performance of Excel and VBA | Excel & VBA . Jon Peltier wrote: 11 of 17 6/7/2010 2:51 AM .databison. not published) Website XHTML: You can use these tags: <a href="" title=""> <abbr title=""> <acronym title=""> <b> <blockquote cite=""> <cite> <code> <del datetime=""> <em> <i> <q cite=""> <strike> <strong> 1.php/how-to-speed-up-calculation-and-improve-performance-of-excel-and-vba/ Name (required) Mail ((required).

com/index.ScreenUpdating. then turn it back to automatic at the end. Application. That one access operation per range is probably the slowest part of the VBA code. and ignores cells outside the used range. Though I agree with you in that it may pay rich dividends to turn it on and off to isolate pieces of code that do not need to reference intermediate values. after the executing of an isolated piece of code. and dump a new array into the worksheet. Don’t read and write one cell at a time. Re #5: It is my understanding that Excel looks at the intersection of the worksheet’s used range and the specified large range.databison. if needed. Re #8 and using Integers instead of Longs (and Singles instead of Doubles). However. you should also change calculation to manual. the results may not come out as we would expect. Another thing you should list before “If all else fails” is proper transfer of data from Excel to VBA and back. Ajay wrote: Jon I would think that turning manual update on at the beginning of the code and turning it off at the end of the code may not always be a good idea.Calculate to force a calculation. November 23rd. VB converts to the larger capacity type. and converts back.How to speed up calculation and Improve performance of Excel and VBA | Excel & VBA .php/how-to-speed-up-calculation-and-improve-performance-of-excel-and-vba/ Good list. if you have not followed #9. these are fallacies. In addition to #7. one can always force a Application.da Tab Is On http://www. That way. Read the entire range you need in one step into a VB array. 2008 at 11:26 pm 2. If the code needs to read recalculated intermediate values. process the data. Any overflow occurs not during calculation but during the final conversion. does its work. This saves you all of the intermediate recalcs. run the code. Point 8 has been duly corrected. you still impose a huge penalty. I tested the following function using both the integer and the long data types : Sub try() Dim i As Integer Dim t As Integer Dim s As Long s = Timer For t = 1 To 4000 For i = 1 To 32000 12 of 17 6/7/2010 2:51 AM .

) November 24th. However..databison.Quick tip | da TaB is On wrote: 13 of 17 6/7/2010 2:51 AM ..s End Sub and to my surprise the code executed much faster using the long data type.php/how-to-speed-up-calculation-and-improve-performance-of-excel-and-vba/ i=i+1 Next i i=1 Next MsgBox Timer . Do While Loop and Do Until Loop wrote: [.] it to utilize all the resources towards the execution of the code.. its better not to use objects with a larger scope than necessary. in most programming languages.. Related ArticlesExcel Waterfall Chart Template with Negative ValuesData Forms in ExcelData [.. 2008 at 1:52 am 3. (As a request .com/index. 2009 at 8:14 am 1. da TaB is On » Excel VBA For Loop. To know more about ways to improve the speed of calculation in excel read this [.. serdarb wrote: very nice post… January 7th. You may also want to my post on how to speed up and improve the execution of vba code in excel..would you have access to any specific references on the www that deal with this topic. However evidence points out to that not being the case with the VBA integer data type.] way can help improve speed of calculation of formulas in your Excel dashboard..] May 19th.] April 21st. 2009 at 2:24 pm 2. 2009 at 1:42 pm 3.How to speed up calculation and Improve performance of Excel and VBA | Excel & VBA .da Tab Is On http://www. Make excel calculate faster . da TaB is On » How to Create a Dashboard in Excel wrote: [.

Delivered right to your inbox Translate Prevent Users Ctrl Break (ing) Your VBA Code During Execution Cricketing Heat Map Opera Anyone ? Multiple Scale Chart . 2009 at 12:48 am 4.Adding Customized Scale to Each Category in a Chart The Content Aggregator Called Excel Table Formula in Excel (Something I didn’t Know Till Yesterday) Multithreaded VBA ..] June 9th..An Approach To Processing Using VBScript 14 of 17 6/7/2010 2:51 AM .php/how-to-speed-up-calculation-and-improve-performance-of-excel-and-vba/ [. 2009 at 5:13 am Subscribe Keep up with the latest stories . Read more about speeding up calculation and performance of you excel spreadsheets here. you can improve the speed of execution by cutting down on all the other processes that are not required when the code is [... Excel Macro | da TaB is On wrote: [.] that’s it.How to speed up calculation and Improve performance of Excel and VBA | Excel & VBA .com/index. If the macro that you wrote runs into hundreds of lines of code..] That would take some time....da Tab Is On http://www.databison.] August 1st. A Few More Interesting ArticlesRetirement Planner in ExcelExcel Chart Tip – Insert Chart [.

databison.A Few Quickies So How Many Of These Excel Shortcuts Do You Know.Lessons in Chart Design From NY Times DATE Formula Excel . Punk ? Volatility Chart in Excel .da Tab Is On http://www.How to use Excel DATE Function A Big Thank You Treemap in Excel .Lessons in Chart Design From NY Times Table Formula in Excel (Something I didn't Know Till Yesterday) Opera Anyone ? VBA For Loop .How to speed up calculation and Improve performance of Excel and VBA | Excel & VBA .Coming Soon Volatility Chart in Excel .How to Format Numbers and Text 15 of 17 6/7/2010 2:51 AM .For Next and For Each In Next Make Mouse Scroll Wheel Work in VBA Editor (IDE) Excel 2007 Custom Format in Excel .php/how-to-speed-up-calculation-and-improve-performance-of-excel-and-vba/ Named Range .com/index.

schemo: io solution for internet browser trix. cristina: Could be possible to choose several options? inste.. You c.How to speed up calculation and Improve performance of Excel and VBA | Excel & VBA . Note you. Ajay: @Pradeep ... Ajay: @Kim .. pradeep D: My requirement is i have a team with 10 team leade.net.databison.com/index. AdamV: Used FF for a long time and it is still my primary.exofire.Not sure how you exactly plan to use the co.... Kim: Can you help? I'm tryng to call a a few columns an...You can try a combination of Data Valid. excel tips excel chart excel macro and vba excel download excel formula others excel dashboard pivot table world OZ Grid 16 of 17 6/7/2010 2:51 AM ...da Tab Is On http://www.. AdamV: Useful write up of an underused feature.. That should be possible thru VBA... Ajay: Cristina.....php/how-to-speed-up-calculation-and-improve-performance-of-excel-and-vba/ Erich: One of my favorite keyboard shortcuts is the simpl..

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