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Project Name:

Project Contractor:

Project Cost:

Implement Agency/ies:

Date Started:

Project Engineer:

Target Date of Completion:

Sources of Fund: Government of the Philippines

Coa Regional Office No. /Cluster: Region XII

Address: Cotabato City


PREPARATION OF THE PROJECT
1. Communication to DPWH
The contractor will communicate or coordinate to DPWH for the
discussion and decision process. They will discuss and agreed what will be the
flow of the project. Because of this task, the DPWH, the Contractor and the
members include for the project can work properly. Communication is very
important it is the first step how to build a building or a project. Good
communication can come up a good result.
2. Site Inspection
a) Location of the Project
b) Clearing/Grabbing

The contractor must inspect the site so that she/he can plan what will be
the set-up of the project. After inspect, the contractor can decide or plan where
the bunkhouse, materials, and equipment to be put. The contractor must also
inspect the flow of the project and if there is a problem she/he will communicate
to DPWH to discuss the problem so that they can make a solution for this, for the
reason of the project will not delayed. Site inspection is very important because if
there’s any problem come up the contractor can already plan and make a
solution. If there is an argument happened to the contractor and DPWH they can
conduct a join survey so that the argue will solve and the problem must be
solved. The contractor must conduct an actual in the site and compare to the
plan. Look for the location so that the contractor can decide and negotiate to the
owner of the project if there’s a problem. After that it is ready to clearing the are
of the project preparation for lay-out.

3. Equipment
Equipment is very important because it is the one that can make the
project and work fastened. Equipment is a machine, and a machine can reduces
humans effort. Equipment will come out if the work is difficult. Theirs a work that
equipment can make but human cannot. If there is a equipment nothing is
impossible. Before the project is going on the equipment must be prepared,
complete, and in condition.
4. Materials
Materials are very important because it is the major need to build a
project. In the given project the contractor must identify what are the materials to
be used and needed. Contractor should be careful in choosing a material and
follow the required requirements so that the project will not fail. That’s why there’s
must be a test in every materials to ensure if it is past or not to the required
requirements.

5. Strategy to run the project


It is the contractor side how to run his/her project. In this situation the
contractors technique will comes out because she/he arranged or organized the
worker, estimate the project cost, how to run the equipment, how to bring the
manpower and proper procedures of making the project. All happened in the
given project it must be from the Project Engineer or the Contractor. If the
contractor is good the project finished at the given time and the result must be
good.

METHODOLOGY
1) Preparation of the Project
a) Communication to DPWH
b) Site Inspection
c) Equipment
d) Materials
e) Strategy how to run the project

Preparation is the most important things because it is the guide for the proper way to
build a project. Before the project started the contractor must be prepared. The contractor must
organize all the things that was be part of the project so that the flow of the project and
accomplishment must go on.

2) Lay-out
a) Alignment
b) Elevation of the Soil
3) Excavation
a) Equipment (Backhoe, and Dump truck)
b) Workers (Operators)

Excavation includes the removal of all materials encountered regardless of their nature
or the manner which they are removed. Excavation shall conform to elevations indicated to the
plan. When the plan depth is necessary to increase or decrease, the contractor or the project
Engineer shall have the right to substitute revised details resulting from the actual or from the
situation of the site. The excavated material required to be used for backfill may be deposited by
the contractor in the storage piles for the purpose of saving a cost

Excavation is the preparation for footing. The contractors need to excavate because the
depth of footing from natural grade line is 5m.

4) Footing
 Square Footing (Isolated)
 Rectangular Footing (Combined)

a) Compaction
b) FDT (Field Density Test)
c) Lean Concrete (Item no. 900(2))
d) Workers (Foreman, Lead man, Labourers, and Operators)
e) Equipment (Backhoe, Vibrator, Dump truck, Mixer, Road Roller, and One bagger)
f) Materials (Sand, Gravel, Water, Forms, Lumber, Cement, Steel bars, Phenolic
Board, G.I. Pipe, Coco Lumber, Common Nails, and Clamp)

Footing is the foundation of the building. All loads from the building carried buy the footing.
The footing types are combined footing (rectangular) and isolated footing (square) with a
dimension of 2mx2m and 2mx3m. The bars use is 25mmɸ @ 200mm spacing Grade 40 with a
length of 4m including the bending. Footings have 400mm thick, 75mm, and 45mm spacer.
Compact the soil and level after excavation. Compaction is needed so that the soil will be
settling. There are three consolidation settlements this are immediate settlement, primary
settlement, and secondary settlement. After compaction here comes the FDT (Field Density
Test). The purpose of this is check if the degree of compaction past to the requirement. The
required requirement for degree of compaction is 95%. The gravel base for footing is ¾ with
100mm thick. The lean concrete is 50mm thick. The ratio of concrete to be used is 1:2:3. After
the test make a request for pouring of concrete.

5) Tie Beam
 TB1
 TB2
 TB3
a) Equipment (Mixer, Vibrator, and One bagger)
b) Materials (Sand, Gravel, Water, Cement, Forms, Clamp Ties, G.I Pipe, and Steel
bars)
c) Workers (Foreman, Lead man, Labourers, and Operators)

Tie beam is a beam connecting two or more columns for making it more stiffens to make
the structures as a frame for stability. Tie beam take axial load so some time act as a horizontal
columns. It is the one who resist overturning of footings.

First check the alignment for the tie beam. Tie beam distributes a moment to all
members of the columns. The size of tie beam is 400mmx400mm. The stirrups are 25pcs for
TB1, for TB2 are 30pcs, and for TB3 are 35pcs.

6) Columns
 Footing – 1st Floor (Tied Columns) (Column 1)
 1st Floor – 2nd Floor (Tied Columns) (Columnn2)
 2nd Floor – 3rd Floor (Tied Columns) (column 3)
a) Equipment (Mixer, Vibrator, and One bagger)
b) Materials (Sand, Gravel, Water, Cement, Forms, Clamp Ties, G.I Pipe, and
Steel bars)
c) Workers (Foreman, Lead man, Labourers, and Operators)

Columns are a structural designed to carry compressive loads, composed of concrete


with an embedded steel frame to provide reinforcement. Tied columns have closed lateral ties
spaced approximately uniformly across the column. The spacing of the ties is limited in that they
must be close enough to prevent barrelling failure between them, and far enough apart that they
do not interfere with the setting of the concrete.

7) Wall Footing
a) Equipment (Mixer, Vibrator, and One bagger)
b) Materials (Sand, Gravel, Water, Cement, Steel bars, Forms, Clamp, Lumbers,
Hollow Blocks and G.I Pipe)
c) Workers (Foreman, Lead man, Labourers, and Operators)
8) Flooring and Slabs
 1st Floor
 2nd Floor (Two Way Slab)
 3rd Floor (Two Way Slab)
9) Stairs
10)Comfort Room
11) Pluming
 Septic Tank
 Water Line
 Water Waste Line
a) Equipment
b) Materials
c) Workers

Plumbing is the art of installing pipes, fixtures and other apparatus to convey and supply
water in the buildings and to dispose and discharge waste water and other liquids gases, and
other substances out of the buildings in a safe, orderly, healthy and sanitary way to ensure the
health and sanitation of life and property.

Water Line is to supply water to different parts of the building. Example of that is the faucet.
Then, water waste line is to remove and discharge human waste and other substances out of
the building into septic tank. The one example of that is the comfort room.

12)Electrical (Item no.1100)


13)Beams, Girders, and Roof Beams
14)Masonry (Item no.1043)
15)Windows and Doors (Item no.1009(1) and no.1010)
a) Equipment
b) Materials
c) Workers

The windows and doors are wood jammed. The purpose of widow is for ventilation and for
the door is the way going inside the room. The measurement of Item no. 1009(1) is 1.mx1.2m
and for Item no. 1010 is 1mx2.1m. All windows type is jalousie and for all doors are.

16)Trusses
 Steel Truss
a) Equipment
b) Materials
c) Workers

Truss is a structure composed of slender members joint together at their end points. These
are used to support the roofs. Roof truss are often used as part of a building frame. The roof
load is transmitted to the truss at the joints by means of a series of purlins. The roof truss along
with its supporting columns is termed bent. The space between adjacent of bents is called a
bay.

The roof truss used on the project is a Howe Truss types.

17)Roofing
 Gather
a) Equipment
b) Materials
c) Workers
18)Painting

PROBLEMS ENCOUNTER IN THE PROJECT

Problem No.1: Weather

Weather is the primary common factor that affects the hours of working on targeting the
accomplishment time. We all know that no one can stop the weather that’s why it’s the major
factor problem for the contractor.

Solution for Problem No.1:

The best way to solve the problem no.1 are, making weather chart or talking down notes
for the weather condition and set over time for workers. Because of the weather chart the
contractor can complain to extend the accomplishment time of the project. For the over time, it
is the 1st way to recovering of the delayed of the project.