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television sets in a month. Another unit B makes 40 colour T.V. sets and 100

black and white T.V. sets in a month . Represent this information into matrix

form and find the production of each unit in 7 months.

1 2 3 0 1 2

Q2 : If A = 5 4 6 and B = 3 4 8 , Find a) 2A+3B and b) 4A+B .

7 8 9 5 3 9

1 0 2 3 1 1

Q3 If A = 0 2 3 and B = 1 2 3 , Find 3A + 6B + 2I .

1 2 3 0 2 2

Q4 : If A = -1 3 2 , B= 2 -1 4 , C = 1 -1 5 ,

2 5 7 0 5 1 -1 4 1

1 1 -1 -1 -2 -1 -1 -1 1

Q5 : If A = 2 -3 4 , B = 6 12 6 ,C= 2 2 -2

3 -2 3 5 10 5 -3 -3 3

Q6 : If A = 2 3 1 , B= 1 -2 , Find AB and BA .

0 2 -1 3 0

-1 2

2 -3 5 2 -2 -4

Q7 : If A = -1 4 5 and B = -1 3 4 , verify that AB=A and BA=B .

1 -3 -4 1 -2 -3

1 -4

Q8 : If A = 2 4 -2 1 and B = 0 -2 , Find AB .

3 5 0 6 2 -3

3 1

2 0 0 x1 y1 z1

Q9 : If A = 0 2 0 and B = x2 y2 z2 , Prove that AB = BA = 2B .

0 0 2 x3 y3 z3

2 0 3 0 2 2 0 -2 1

3 -1 2 -1 4

Chemistry and 5 dozen books of Mathematics. Selling price of each book is

Rs.8.30,Rs.3.45 and Rs.4.50 respectively . How much amount will be

received from selling all the books? Solve the problem by method of matrix .

Q12: A manufacture sells three articles in markets of Indore and Bhopal as shown

below. Find the total revenue from each city using matrix algebra :

City Articles

A B C

Indore 10,000 25,000 30,000

Bhopal 9,000 15,000 20,000

Sale price per unit Rs. 3 Rs. 4 Rs. 2

Q13: A contractor builds three types of houses. The building materials required are given

in the form of matrix A and the cost involved in purchasing and transportation of

each one of the building materials are given in the form of

T

matrix B.Obtain multiplication AB of these two matrices and interpret the

result obtained :

Sand Cement Bricks Steel

Type X 15 20 200 5

Type Y 28 40 150 15 = A

Type Z 31 60 300 8

Purchases 7 5 4 9 = B

Transpotation 3 8 6 5

Rs.9, object B in Rs.8 and object C in Rs 25 from shop P. He can purchase object A

in Rs. 6, object B in Rs. 10 and C in Rs. 20 from shop Q. He can purchase object A

in Rs. 5, object B in Rs. 15 and C in Rs. 23 from shop R. He can purchase object A

in Rs. 12, object B in Rs. 10 and C in Rs. 18 from shop S.The student has to

purchase 1 object A , 2 object B and 1 object C. From where should he purchase all

three objects so that it costs him the least ?

1 2 1 2 3

Q15: If A = 0 1 -1 , Find A and A .

3 -1 1

3 2

Hence show that : A - 3A – A + 9I = 0 .

Q16: If I = 1 0 and E= 0 1

0 1 0 0

3 3 2

Show that : ( aI + bE ) = a I + 3a bE .

5 4 -2 3

Q17: If A = 4 5 -2 , Find A

-2 -2 2

Q18: A manufacturer manufactures three items P, Q and R and sells them in two

markets I , II . Annual sales are given below :

Market Items

P Q R

I 6,000 2,000 3,000

II 8,000 4,800 2,000

If the sales price of each unit of P,Q and R are Rs. 4,Rs. 3 and Rs. 2 respectively,

Then find the total revenue of each market using matrix .

Q19: A manufacturer produces three products A,B,C which are sold in Delhi and

Mumbai .The annual sales if the products are given below. If the sales prices of the

products A,B,C per unit is Rs. 2 , 3 and 4 respectively,calculate total revenue at

each place by using matrix :

Commodities

A B C

Delhi 5,000 75,000 15,000

Mumbai 9,000 12,000 8,700

Q20: In a certain city there are 25 colleges and 100 schools . Each school and college has

5 peons,2 clerk 1 cashier.Each college has in addition 1 accountant and 1 head

clerk. The monthly salary of each of them is as follows :

Peon : Rs 300, Clerk : Rs. 500, Cashier : Rs. 600, Accountant : Rs. 700 and

Head Clerk : Rs. 800 .Using matrix notation, find :

(i)The total no. of posts of each kind in schools and colleges taken together,

(ii)The total monthly salary bill of each school and college separately and

(iii)The total monthly salary bill of each school and college together .

Q21: Find the adjoint of matrix A where

1 4 0

A= -1 2 0

0 0 2

2 -1 1

Q22: If A = -1 2 -1 , find adj A .

1 -1 2

1 0 -1

Q23: If A = 3 4 5 , Show that :

0 -6 7

Instruction For Q 24 to 27: Find the inverse of the matrix given below :

1 2 3

Q24: A= 0 1 1

2 4 1

2 -2 3

Q25: A= 1 0 -3

3 4 0

1 4 3

Q26 : A = 4 2 1

3 2 2

1 0 0

Q27: A= 2 1 0

3 2 2

-1

Q28: 0 1 2 1/ 2 -1/ 2 1/ 2

1 2 3 = -4 3 1

3 1 1 5/ 2 -3/ 2 1/ 2

-1

Q29: 1 2 3 -4 1 2

3 2 2 = 13 -2 -7

1 3 5 -7 1 4

-1

Q30: 1 2 3 7/ 2 -3 1/ 2

1 3 4 = - 1/ 2 0 1/ 2

1 4 3 - 1/ 2 1 - 1/ 2

1 2 1

Q31: Find out the inverse of matrix A= 3 2 3 , Also verify that .

1 1 2

-1 -1

AA = A A = I

2 -1 1

Q32: Show that the matrix A = -1 2 -1 satisfies the equation

1 -1 2

3 2 -2

A - 6A + 9A – 4I = 0 and hence or otherwise deduce A

Instruction for Q33 to 35 : Using elementary ( row or column ) operation find the

inverse of the following matrix :

1 2 -1

Q33: A = 2 5 4

3 7 4

-1 2 1

Q34: A = -1 0 2

2 1 -3

2 3 3

Q35: A= 3 4 7

1 1 2

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