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Legion of Ukrainian Nationalists

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Legion of Ukrainian Nationalists

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Legion of Ukrainian Nationalists (Легіон
українських націоналістів or Дружини
українських націоналістів; Legion
ukrainskykh natsionalistiv or Druzhyny
ukrainskykh natsionalistiv). A Ukrainian military formation
in the German army during the Second World War. The
term ‘Legion’ was used as a popular name, in an analogy
with the Legion of Ukrainian Sich Riflemen, for an
Organization of Ukrainian Nationalists-organized military
unit which under Col Roman Sushko's command attempted to participate in September 1939
in the German-Polish War. The unit was formed initially in Austria of former soldiers of the
Carpathian Sich, who in June 1939 had been released from Hungarian internment. At the end
of August 1939 the Legion consisted of two understrength infantry battalions, which arrived
on 3 September in the vicinity of Prešov, Slovakia. On 24 September it crossed the former
Czech-Polish border and started to advance through the Lemko region, but the Germans
quickly intervened and demobilized it. In April 1941 the military department of the OUN
(Bandera faction), headed by Dmytro Hrytsai, recruited two battalions with the approval of
German military (Wehrmacht) circles. The northern battalion, Spezialgruppe Nachtigall,
consisted of three companies, commanded by Lt A. Herzner, that underwent final military
training near Neuhammer, in Upper Silesia. The southern battalion, Spezialgruppe Roland,
was commanded by Maj Ye. Pobihushchy and was trained near Wiener-Neustadt in Austria.

With the outbreak of the German-Soviet War, Nachtigall marched alongside the German army
through Radymno, Lviv, and Ternopil. Placed under the command of Maj Heinz on 13 July
1941 and renamed the Second Battalion of the Brandenburg Regiment No. 800, it was sent
into front-line combat in the vicinity of Proskuriv (Khmelnytskyi) and, later, Vinnytsia.
During the latter part of August, Nachtigall was taken out of the combat zone and
transported to Cracow, where it was disarmed and returned to Neuhammer for internment.
Roland marched through Romania and Moldavia and entered Ukraine on 25 July. In August,
before it could see any action, it too was disarmed and recalled to Austria.

http://www.encyclopediaofukraine.com/display.asp?linkpath=pages%5CL%5CE%5CLegionofUkrainianNationalists.htm[2/10/2018 12:26:47 PM]

] List of related links from Encyclopedia of Ukraine pointing to Legion of Ukrainian Nationalists entry: 1 Bandera. Vasyl Sydor. vol.encyclopediaofukraine. it was sent to Belarus to protect communication lines and to combat Soviet partisans . M. M.asp?linkpath=pages%5CL%5CE%5CLegionofUkrainianNationalists.     Home | Contact | About IEU | Donors ©2001 All Rights Reserved. Stepan 2 Galicia 3 History of Ukraine 4 Nachtigall 5 Organization of Ukrainian Nationalists 6 Roland 7 Second World War 8 Sushko. under a one-year contract. The officers were brought to Lviv and on 8 January 1943 incarcerated in a Gestapo prison. both units were integrated into Schutzmannschaftbataillon 201. Brygider. and sent home. Vasyl A referral to this page is found in 9 entries. Click Home to get to the IEU Home page. Mozaïka moïkh spomyniv (Munich–London 1982) Kal’ba. The entire chain of command (22 officers) was Ukrainian: Maj Ye. after intensive retraining. ‘Nakhtigal’ (Kurin’ DUN) u svitli faktiv i dokumentiv (Denver 1984) Petro Sodol [This article originally appeared in the Encyclopedia of Ukraine. to contact the IEU editors click Contact.htm[2/10/2018 12:26:47 PM] . Pobihushchy was battalion commander. Roman 9 Sydor. Pavlyk were company commanders. U lavakh Druzhynnykiv (Denver 1982) Pobihushchyi. including Shukhevych. and Roman Shukhevych. escaped and joined the Ukrainian Insurgent Army. The battalion's initial strength was over 600. Canadian Institute of Ukrainian Studies. Ie. To learn more about IEU click About IEU and to view the list of donors and to become an IEU supporter click Donors. M. discharged. they were disarmed in Mahiliou.Legion of Ukrainian Nationalists In mid-October 1941 at Frankfurt an der Oder. when its soldiers refused to renew their contract. Several of them. In November 1942. and V. 3 (1993).com/display. (comp). (comp).   http://www. On 19 March 1942. The battalion's commanders protested repeatedly against German policy in Ukraine. BIBLIOGRAPHY Druzhyny ukraïns’kykh natsionalistiv u 1941–1942 rokakh (Munich 1953) Kal’ba.

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