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CABUYAO INTEGRATED NAT IONAL HIGH SCHOOL i

PERCEPTION IN SCIENCE LABORATORY AND ITS SIGNIFICANCE TO

THE EXPERIMENTAL SKILLS

ANGELO O. MARIANO

CHRISTIANA JADE M. GOMBA

GERALDINE M. GALUPO

JAMAICA C. FERNANDO

MARICAR S. ENRIQUEZ

MARK DANIEL T. LAMPA

MELVIN P. MENDOZA

STEM A
CABUYAO INTEGRATED NAT IONAL HIGH SCHOOL ii

PERCEPTION IN SCIENCE LABORATORY AND ITS SIGNIFICANCE TO

THE EXPERIMENTAL SKILLS

A Research Paper

Presented to the Faculty of the Senior High School

Cabuyao Integrated National High School

Cabuyao City, Laguna

In Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for the Academic Track

ANGELO O. MARIANO

CHRISTIANA JADE M. GOMBA

GERALDINE M. GALUPO

JAMAICA C. FERNANDO

MARICAR S. ENRIQUEZ

MARK DANIEL T. LAMPA

MELVIN P. MENDOZA

MARCH, 2018
CABUYAO INTEGRATED NAT IONAL HIGH SCHOOL iii

ACKNOWLEDGEMENT

The researchers want to give their utmost gratitude for the people who

continuously guided, supported and gave them inspiration and knowledge during

the development of the research.

To Mr. Rowel Elca, their subject teacher in Inquiries who helped them and

gave ideas at the improvement of their study.

To the Senior High School Department Teachers, their kind and patient

teachers who continuously guiding and supporting them.

Their friends and classmates who gave them support, inspiration and

suggestions for the study.

Their cherished families, Galupo Family, Mendoza Family, Gomba Family,

Fernando Family, Enriquez Family, Mariano Family, and Lampa Family, who

gave them endless love, inspiration and support that pushed them to further

improve and finish the study.

And most of all, the Almighty God, who gave them the strength and never let

them down during the study and He is the one who deserved their offered utmost

gratitude.
CABUYAO INTEGRATED NAT IONAL HIGH SCHOOL iv

Abstract

Title: PERCEPTION IN SCIENCE LABORATORY AND ITS SIGNIFICANCE TO

THE EXPERIMENTAL SKILLS

Researchers: ANGELO O. MARIANO

CHRISTIANA JADE M. GOMBA

GERALDINE M. GALUPO

JAMAICA C. FERNANDO

MARICAR S. ENRIQUEZ

MARK DANIEL T. LAMPA

MELVIN P. MENDOZA

School: Cabuyao Integrated National High School

Year: 2017-2018

Research Adviser: MR. ROWEL ELCA

The Problem

The goal of this study is to find out the general insights of the students to the

science laboratory, the significances of science laboratory to the performance and

skills of the students in science experiments and the possible general impacts of

science laboratory to the science experimental skills of the students. Ten (10)

randomly selected Grade 12 STEM 1 students of Cabuyao Integrated National High

School were the respondents of the study. The findings showed that, the science
CABUYAO INTEGRATED NAT IONAL HIGH SCHOOL v

laboratory is high-class, albeit, cramped on a single room, clean, some of its

equipment are not usually used, lacks equipment,sometimes useful sometimes

not,have a lot of apparatus, the experiment are very enlightening,organized and

helpful to the students, very useful in experimenting especially in science subjects.

The lab and its materials/equipment are very significant especially for Physics,

Chemistry, Biology and other Science subjects, laboratory helps in some

experiments, student will have a knowledge by discovering into something new, can

enhance experimental skills, it helps students in understanding every lesson,

improves experimental skills. Science Laboratory helps students to achieve

experimental skills in science, students tend to learn more about a concept , gained

and also developed student’s performance and skills in science experimental

skills,affects academic performance in science subject, science lab affects enhances

experimental and technical skills of students, students excel a lot, science laboratory

do help us in understanding lesson, help to improve student’s skills and at the same

time, can get more knowledge about the things, helps students to become

disciplined and take seriously those activities given.


CABUYAO INTEGRATED NAT IONAL HIGH SCHOOL vi

Acknowledgement iii

Abstract iv

TABLE OF CONTENTS

List of Tables viii

List of Figures ix

CHAPTER

1 THE PROBLEM AND ITS BACKGROUND

Introduction 1

Background of the Study 2

Theoretical Framework of the Study 3

Conceptual Framework of the Study 5

Statement of the Problem 6

Scope and Limitations of the Study 7

Significance of the Study 7

Definition of Terms 8

2 REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE

Foreign Literature 9

Local Literature 13

Foreign Studies 14

Local Studies 15
CABUYAO INTEGRATED NAT IONAL HIGH SCHOOL vii

Synthesis and Relevance of the Related Literature 16

3 RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODOLOGY

Method of Research 17

Population, Sample size, and Sampling Technique 17

Description of Respondents 18

Research Instrument 18

Data-gathering Procedure 18

Ethical Consideration 19

4 PRESENTATION, ANALYSIS, INTERPRETATION

OF DATA

5 SUMMARY OF FINDINGS, CONCLUSION, AND

RECOMMENDATIONS

Summary 25

Findings 26

Conclusions 27

Recommentdations 28

Bibliography 29

Appendices 30

Curriculum Vitae 38
CABUYAO INTEGRATED NATIONAL HIGH SCHOOL viii

LIST OF TABLES

Table 1

The general insights of the students to the science laboratory. 20 viii

Table 2

The significance of science laboratory to the performance and skill of 21


the students in science experiments

Table 3

The possible general impacts of science laboratory to the science 23

experimental skills of students


CABUYAO INTEGRATED NATIONAL HIGH SCHOOL ix

LIST OF FIGURES

Figure 1: Reseach Paradigm 5

ix
CABUYAO INTEGRATED NATIONAL HIGH SCHOOL x

APPENDICES

Appendix A Research Instrument 30


x
Appendix B Participants’ Responses 36
CABUYAO INTEGRATED NATIONAL HIGH SCHOOL 1

Chapter 1

THE PROBLEM AND ITS BACKGROUND

Introduction
1
The Learning environment is a place where students learn with diverse place,

culture and people. The atmosphere where students learn is affected by a variety of

factors such as school policies, norms, the physical structure of the place and any

other features may also be accounted as elements of “learning environment”.

A number of studies proved that the educational environment has an impact

to student’s performance and success. Hence, the place where students learn

should be in good quality. The condition of this place signifies either positive or

negative effect to the student’s academic performance.

Laboratories, libraries and specially classrooms are places where students

learn and acquire knowledge. These places play an important role to the foundation

of student’s learning. In addition, these places are fundamentals toward the literacy

of a student.

Science Laboratory is one of the known laboratory in school. This is where

the students and teachers, conduct different experiments where the students learn

and discover different things.

The student’s perceptions toward his/her learning environment can be a bans

for executing more altered and adds to student’s satisfaction.


CABUYAO INTEGRATED NATIONAL HIGH SCHOOL 2

The Cabuyao Integrated National High School has Science Laboratory with a

variety of science materials and equipment to use. In this study, the researchers

want to know the perception of Grade 12 STEM students of the school and its
2
significance to their skills and performance in science experiments.

Background of the Study

The Department of the Education had implemented a new curriculum for the

country’s basic education that would enable Filipinos to be able to compete globally.

Under the K to 12 program, which adds two years to the basic education system,

Grade 11 and graduating Grade 12 students can choose a track to specialize on.

The STEM student have three (3) major science subjects (chemistry, biology

and physics) that is require to have a hands-on works on the laboratories. Science

laboratory is a place providing opportunity for experimentation, observation or

practice in a field of study. But students would not work properly if there's a lack

facilities that needed of their school like Science Laboratory. Especially to those

students who taking up STEM. Competency can only be developed through hands-

on learning and practice, if the student wants to study dressmaking, then that

student will have to operate an actual sewing machine. If he wants to learn

cabinetmaking, he cannot do it without carpentry tools. So the the government is

trying to complete this lack laboratories in the Philippines, To help DepEd solve this

problem, the government said the Senate has added P1 billion to the Basic
CABUYAO INTEGRATED NATIONAL HIGH SCHOOL 3

Education Facilities (BEF) budget for 2015.This amount can be added to the P1.137

billion for new tech-voc facilities, Under DepEd’s P53.9 billion BEF budget for 2015,

P48.1 billion is allocated for new classrooms and structures, including tech-voc
3
laboratories; P2.94 billion to repair existing facilities; P1.2 billion for new desks,

furniture, fixtures; and P1.63 billion for classrooms built under partnerships between

the government and the private.

For the Grade 12 STEM 1 students of Cabuyao Integrated National High

School, the laboratory was important to develop and express their ideas and

information confidently and creatively. Also the course that they taking up has

connection to Science.Doing Science experiments develop students natural

curiosity. Also they gain knowledge and ideas in observing and investigating. Their

function properly and develop their experimental skills.The study aims to distinguish

the perceptions in Science Laboratory and its significance to the experimental skills.

Theoretical Framework

Students and instructors agreed that the most important objectives of a

Chemistry laboratory work should be targeted in helping students to learn basic

practical skills (Tafa 2012). It explains that its better that there is a laboratory

because it is a big help for the students to improve their skills and to know what they

aim. Also most students are hardly cannot understand sometimes the objectives of

the experiments and moreover, the students face difficulty in understanding why
CABUYAO INTEGRATED NATIONAL HIGH SCHOOL 4

laboratory activities are important. Depending on the particular goal of the laboratory

and the prevailing local context of the organic chemistry course, different activities

(like demonstration, experience, exercise and investigative) should be designed to


4
accommodate the different levels of difficulty and guidance. If there are different

activities to do in the laboratory it will be helpful for the students to learn and

understand what they want to know. But in the contrary, it will be more helpful for the

students if the teachers or the instructors guide them what to do and teach them how

to do it so it is not complicated for them. For the students, it is better to have

instruments or materials for the laboratory activities because its easy to do task

when they do experiments. Edward (2016) states that reports on an internal survey

of staff and student perceptions of the practical work and its value in their courses in

the School of Engineering at the Robert Gordon University, Aberdeen. It discusses

the degree to which practices both within and outwith the School appear to match

the declared aims of participants. It concludes by suggesting some strategies, which

may lead to laboratory work becoming more effective. The laboratory is important

component for the students if the experiments are well-designed work, it may make

a invaluable contributions for the students. When doing the experiments it is

important outcome for the students if they work as a team and follow the instructions

accurately. Well-designed laboratory work can capitalise on the students

conceptions.
CABUYAO INTEGRATED NATIONAL HIGH SCHOOL 5

Conceptual Framework of the Study

Figure 1 shows the input, process and output on how the research

conceptualized. It shows step and flow of the study, from consolidating a topic, 5

creating statements of the problem on what the researchers what to determined,

gathering data, and to analysing to its interpretation in answering the questions.

INPUT PROCESS OUTPUT

1. The significance of 1. Consolidation and Perception in


Science Laboratory to finalizing of Research Science
the performance and topic Laboratory and its
skills of Students in significance to the
2. Preparation of experimental
Science Experiments
Interview questionnaire skills.
2. The general insight of
the students to the 3. Validation of
Interview questionnaire
Science Laboratory
4. Distribution and
3. The possible impact
of Science Laboratory to Retrieval of Interview
questionnaire
the science
experimental skills of 5. Data Analysis
the students

FEEDBACK

Figure 1.Reseach Paradigm


CABUYAO INTEGRATED NATIONAL HIGH SCHOOL 6

Research Paradigm explains the process of finding the perception of Grade

12 STEM-1 students in science laboratory and its significance to the experimental

skills. The researchers got the input based on the perception of the students in
6
science laboratory in terms of: the significance to their performance and skills in

science experiments and, the possible impact to their experimental skills.

In the process stage, the researcher prepared an interview questionnaire that

will provide the input. After the preparation of interview questions, it will validated by

the research adviser. The approval will give the researcher to distribute the

questionnaire to the students of Senior High School and retrieved in the same day.

The answer was analysed, evaluated and interpret by the researchers to find the

perception in science laboratory and its significance to their experimental skills. The

output stage gives perception in science laboratory and its significance to their

experimental skills.

Statement of the Problem

This study aims to comprehend the perception of Grade 12 STEM students

about the significance of science laboratory to their performance and skills in

science experimenting in Cabuyao Integrated National High School.

Specially, it sought to answer the leading question for the problems:

1. What are the general insights of the students to the science laboratory?
CABUYAO INTEGRATED NATIONAL HIGH SCHOOL 7

2. What are the significances of science laboratory to the performance and skills

of the students in science experiments?

3. What are the possible general impacts of science laboratory to the science
7
experimental skills of the students?

Scope and Limitation of the Study

This study aims to know the perception of the students to the science

laboratory and its significance to their experimental skills in Cabuyao Integrated

National High School during the Academic year 2017-2018. The aspects looked into

are the perception of the students to the science laboratory and the significance of

the laboratory to their experimental skills.

Significance of the Study

The significance of this study is to know the perception of the Grade 12 STEM

students in CINHS towards to their science laboratory. This will help the schools

science laboratory to know how important this matter are to the STEM students of

CINHS.

Students. This study will help the CINHS STEM-1 students because they will give

their own perceptions about the schools science laboratory and how it is important to

them when it comes to their Science experiment skills.

Teachers. When it comes to the teacher they will also get benefits from the

researchers study. They will know what are the perceptions of their students about
CABUYAO INTEGRATED NATIONAL HIGH SCHOOL 8

the schools science laboratory because for the STEM students,it is really important

to them to use this kind of facilities for their science experiments or activities.

Future Researchers. They will also get benefits with this study because they will 8

have references when they start their own study in the near future.

Definition of Terms

Equipment. Tools or things that will be useful and can be used for special

purposes.

Experiment. An activity which the person will perform actions to find some

answers.

Facilities. A place where built for some specific purpose.

Laboratory. It is the place where the students or other persons do their

experimental activities.

Perceptions. It is the ability of one person to understand something.

School. Part of the institution that help to build the character and knowledge of the

students.

Skills. Ability of a person to perform something that he/she really likes.

Students. Person who goes to school and they also perform studies about

something.

Chapter 2

REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE AND STUDIES


CABUYAO INTEGRATED NATIONAL HIGH SCHOOL 9

Foreign Literature

The laboratory as a learning forum is under constant scrutiny by educational

researchers with the goal of improving its educational merit and solidifying its place 9

in science education (Hofstein & Lunetta, 2004). Hodson (1993) asserted that [The

laboratory] is over-used in the sense that teachers engage in practical work as a

matter of course, expecting it to assist the attainment of all learning goals. It is

under-used in the sense that its real potential is only rarely fully exploited. Instead,

much that we provide is ill-conceived, muddled and lacking in real educational value.

(Hodson, 1993, p105). Scientific process skill The main aim of science teaching is to

enable students to develop their inquiry, critical thinking and problem solving skills,

to become lifelong learners and to continue their senses of curiosity towards their

environments.

Therefore, it is very important for students to acquire scientific process skills,

which enables them to produce scientific knowledge as well as learning about the

nature of science through experiences (Aydoğdu, 2006). To achieve this aim,

students have to use certain scientific process skills during their research at the

science laboratory (Kanlı, 2007). Individuals, who attain scientific process skills,

possess problem-solving skills and know how to attribute meanings to the events

happening by looking at them, form a different perspective. Furthermore, students

with the said skills manage to think like a scientist (Aydoğdu, 2006). Improving

scientific process skills enable students to solve problems, think critically, take
CABUYAO INTEGRATED NATIONAL HIGH SCHOOL 10

decisions, find answers and satisfy their curiosities. In the light of all these reasons,

teaching scientific process skills should be essential.

The importance to be attributed would enable students to improve their


10
scientific process skills in time (Cited by Aydoğdu, 2006). Hofstein and Naaman

(2007) reviewed and reported several studies conducted in various countries about

laboratory applications. In their evaluation, they stated that laboratory applications

aimed to enhance students’ science process and problem-solving skills and their

interest in and attitudes toward scientific approaches in accordance with the

objectives of basic science education. In addition to that, this education aims at

enabling the learner to gain the values of work, production, excellence and the

participation in public life; the ability to get on with the advances in society and cope

with problems thoughtfully; knowledge of the environment and to protection of the

environment and its resources; and the wise use of free time (Ministry of Education,

2009).

“Towards the end of the twentieth century, more sophisticated alternatives had been

introduced to facilitate effective learning in the laboratories. These included pre-lab

experiences, films, video experiments, computer based pre-labs, and computer simulations.”

(Reid and Shah, 2007)

Why have laboratories

Science involves the study of the world around. Students need laboratory

experiences to explore that world and to bring understand physics so that they can
CABUYAO INTEGRATED NATIONAL HIGH SCHOOL 11

make sense of their world around. Hofstein and Lunetta (2003) argue that the

laboratory allows students to learn with understanding and offers an opportunity to

engage in a process of constructing knowledge by doing science. Moreover,


11
laboratory work enhances attitudes, stimulates interest and motivates students to

learn science. However, Hudson (1990) expressed the opinion that “practical work

as conducted in many schools, is ill-conceived, confused and unproductive .It

provides little of real education value”. Moreover, Hofstein and Lunetta (2003) argue

that “formal teaching results in greater understanding when students study a limited

number of topics, in depth and with care rather than a large number of topics much

more superficially, as is the practised inmany science classrooms”. These quotations

reveal a fundamental problem. The teaching laboratory has great potential as a

place of learning but there is a risk that what is done does not allow the potential to

be reached

Maldarelli et al. (2009) showed that visual demonstration of laboratory

procedures is a key element in teaching pedagogy. The main goals of the study

were to create videos explaining and demonstrating a variety of lab techniques that

would serve as teaching tools for undergraduate and graduate lab courses and to

assess the impact of these videos on student learning. Demonstrations of laboratory

procedures were videotaped. Statistical analyses were performed to compare

students' perceptions of knowledge, confidence, and experience with the lab

techniques before and after viewing the videos. Regarding the reinforcement of the
CABUYAO INTEGRATED NATIONAL HIGH SCHOOL 12

learning process, Koretsky et al. (2008) focused on augmenting student learning in

experimental design using a V-Lab. The authors described the instructional design,

implementation, and its assessment. The V-Lab provided an experience in which


12
students could synthesize engineering science and statistical principles and had the

opportunity to apply experimental design in a context similar to that of an engineer

practicing in industry. Certain specific elements of students' learning could be

enhanced, as well as higher order thinking skills.

As result, students perceived the V-Lab, which was based on a numerical

simulation of a chemical vapor deposition (CVD) process, as the most effective

learning medium, even above physical laboratories. The Internet Virtual Physics

Laboratory (IVPL) promoted science learning through Computer Assisted Instruction

(CAI), which considered as a good product to combine the relational of science

learning and instructional technology. The virtual experiments offer a visualized

simulated learning environment via various situations. The IVPL would support

understanding secondary students' abstract physical concepts and, cooperative

problem solving processes when doing physics experiments. The IVPL would

integrate and contribute in compensating the lack of lab equipments/tools in schools

(Yang and Heh, 2007).

The fast changes in science and technology in recent times have affected

education systems. Students of today need to be able to adapt to a rapidly changing

technological world (Şaşan, 2002). As a result of these fast changes, the education
CABUYAO INTEGRATED NATIONAL HIGH SCHOOL 13

systems need to be modified. The education systems can activate the students to

learn ways to reach knowledge, to develop solutions for problems yet unknown and

to enhance the skills of decision-making (Fisch & McLeod, 2007; İnce Aka, Güven &
13
Aydoğdu, 2010). Science education reformers have supported the idea that learners

should be engaged in the excitement of science, they should be helped to discover

the value of evidence-based reasoning and higher-order cognitive skills and be

taught to become innovative problem solvers (DeHaan, 2005; Perkins & Wieman,

2008). So, it is important for students to be prepared for the future by facing real

problems in their learning environment and producing appropriate solutions to these

problems. sGagne (1980) suggested that the main objective of education is to teach

individuals how to think and how to be good problem-solvers because in real life

individuals who are able to think, question, research and produce solutions to the

problems they meet may be successful.

Local Literature

A science investigation emphasizes the use of the scientific method in

performing an investigation by experimentation (inquiry-based learning) to develop

critical thinking and science process skills of the student. This scientific method

allows scientists to collect and analyze data in a strategic and unified manner and

this is the same method that students use to design and execute their project - they

use the same steps professional researchers use to gather new information. The

different science process skills can be integrated in the conduct of science


CABUYAO INTEGRATED NATIONAL HIGH SCHOOL 14

investigations (Kazeni, 2005). Thus, science investigations are giving students an

opportunity to undergo the process of conducting an investigation using the scientific

method making them gain a considerable understanding of the nature of obtaining


14
solutions to problems or answers to questions in a systematic and scientific way.

Foreign Studies

Students and instructors agreed that the most important objectives of a

Chemistry laboratory work should be targeted in helping students to learn basic

practical skills (Tafa 2012). It explains that its better that there is a laboratory

because it is a big help for the students to improve their skills and to know what they

aim. Also most students are hardly cannot understand sometimes the objectives of

the experiments and moreover, the students face difficulty in understanding why

laboratory activities are important. Depending on the particular goal of the laboratory

and the prevailing local context of the organic chemistry course, different activities

(like demonstration, experience, exercise and investigative) should be designed to

accommodate the different levels of difficulty and guidance. If there are different

activities to do in the laboratory it will be helpful for the students to learn and

understand what they want to know. But in the contrary, it will be more helpful for the

students if the teachers or the instructors guide them what to do and teach them how

to do it so it is not complicated for them. For the students, it is better to have

instruments or materials for the laboratory activities because its easy to do task

when they do experiments. Edward (2016) states that reports on an internal survey
CABUYAO INTEGRATED NATIONAL HIGH SCHOOL 15

of staff and student perceptions of the practical work and its value in their courses in

the School of Engineering at the Robert Gordon University, Aberdeen. It discusses

the degree to which practices both within and outwith the School appear to match
15
the declared aims of participants. It concludes by suggesting some strategies, which

may lead to laboratory work becoming more effective. The laboratory is important

component for the students if the experiments are well-designed work, it may make

a invaluable contributions for the students. When doing the experiments it is

important outcome for the students if they work as a team and follow the instructions

accurately. Well-designed laboratory work can capitalise on the students

conceptions.

Local Studies

There was a significant difference in the laboratory equipment depending on

the user. For kinematics the stopwatch was perceived better to use. For torque

experiment the hanger was perceived positively (Alerta, Florendo, Salvado,et.al,

2012). Laboratory equipments is not the basis of learning but in the positive way it is

a good benefits for the students to learn, visualize, and understand about science.

The improvement of laboratory equipment is beneficial too, for the students that use

the science laboratory. Students need to be yet guided and instructed to cope this

things immediately by the students. The perception of the students do not affect their

performances when doing the experiments in the science laboratory. Every students

gain knowledge because of the new improve technologies and equipment in the
CABUYAO INTEGRATED NATIONAL HIGH SCHOOL 16

science laboratory that is important for the students when they do the science

experiments. Students had different perceptions on the equipment they had used

during experiments. The importance of experiment in school is that it provides


16
learners the opportunities to use scientific equipment to develop basic manipulative

skills and practice investigative or inquiry activities and developproblem solving

attitudes needed for future work in science.

Synthesis and Relevance of Related Literature and Studies

Further research is needed to compare results reported in this study to other

inquiry-based programs. Second, additional studies are needed that follow students

for longer periods of time after they take the experimental science module. It would

be enlightening to determine the impact of module designed for middle school

students have on students’ streaming choices. And finally, while students showed a

high level of proficiency in the integrated science process skills test, further studies

should examine the correlation of among students’ interest in science, their

understanding of science and their science process skills.

They also include that to maintain the balance of knowledge or how the child

practice his is through the experience of all.


CABUYAO INTEGRATED NATIONAL HIGH SCHOOL 17

Chapter 3

RESEARCH METHODOLOGY

17
This chapter presents the methodology used by the researchers in conducting

the study. It includes the method of research, population, sampling size, and

sampling technique, description of the respondents and data gathering procedure.

Research Method

Qualitative descriptive studies tend to be more naturalistic in that they employ

neither the philosophical underpinnings nor the interpretive requirement to search for

higher meaning associated with phenomenology; nor do they require the

advancement of findings to higher theoretical concepts or abstractions consistent

with grounded theory approaches. A qualitative descriptive study is suitable when

detailed descriptions of phenomena and a focus on the presentation of participants'

dialogue with the researcher are desired (Sandelowski, 2000). Clearly, the

qualitative descriptive method is one method of choice for a research endeavor that

seeks to present the voice of the particular population under study.

Population, Sample size, and Sampling Technique

The sample is composed of ten (10) selected students of Grade 12- STEM 1

from Cabuyao Integrated National High School who have a experience using the

laboratory of school and can share his/her perception about the laboratory. The

researcher use the Simple Random Sampling (SRS), a basic sampling technique
CABUYAO INTEGRATED NATIONAL HIGH SCHOOL 18

where researchers select a group of subjects (a sample) for study from a larger

group (a population). Each individual is chosen entirely by chance and each member

of the population has an equal chance of being included in the sample.


18
Description of the Respondents

The ten (10) selected Grade 12 STEM 1 students has a widely experience of

using the science laboratory of the school. The science laboratory is used in three

(3) subjects of Grade 12 STEM 1 such as physics, chemistry and biology.

Research Instruments

The resarchers use survey questionnaire as the main instrument for

conducting the research. The instrument consists a series of question that help for

gathering information from the respondents.

Data-Gathering Procedure

The following steps were done by the researchers in gathering data for the study:

The researcher prepare a survey questionnaire for the students of Grade 12-

STEM 1 that have an experience in using Science Laboratory.

The next thing that the researchers did was to give the survey questionnaire

to the respondents randomly.

The researchers retrieved the survey questionnaire after they finished

answering.

The researchers sort the data and encoded as a results of the study.
CABUYAO INTEGRATED NATIONAL HIGH SCHOOL 19

Ethical Consideration

The respondents were guaranteed that the data they had given would be

used only for the purpose of this study. The following information they revealed to
19
the researchers would be highly confidential and would not be disclosed to anyone

for that matter.

The researchers give the respondent a information consent for participating in

evaluation and fully informed about the evaluation being conducted.


CABUYAO INTEGRATED NATIONAL HIGH SCHOOL 20

Chapter 4

PRESENTATION, ANALYSIS, INTERPRETATION OF DATA

This chapter shows the results and the findings of the researchers after
20
gathering the survey questionnaires and collecting data. The data and findings were

organized and presented as follows.

Results

1. What are the general insights of the students to the science laboratory?

Table 1

The general insights of the students to the science laboratory.

First Theme: High-class, albeit, cramped on a single room, clean, some of its
equipment are not usually used, lacks equipment,sometimes useful sometimes
not,have a lot of apparatus, the experiment are very enlightening,organized and
helpful to the students, very useful in experimenting especially in science subjects

"The Senior High School Science Laboratory is already, in my opinion, high class,
albeit cramped on a single room. However, its equipment and materials are
already near to completion, and all of them are usable at very least"
"The science laboratory of Senior High School is clean but some of its equipment is
not usually used for experiment and also it is lack of equipment."
"Lack of equipmet . But the lab is clean. Some of the materials are not usually used
for laboratory."
"Science laboratory sometimes useful, sometimes not, out as of now DepEd
providing us more equipment to be use by the student to learn more and to actual
experimentation about certain topic."
"It seems to have a lot of apparatus for different specifications of science subject but
they are not really being used and learned by majority of the students especially the
said apparatus.if the teacher is good, however, the experiment are very
enlightening."
"The equipment in Science Laboratory are not completely"
"Organized and helpful to the students"
"Science Laboratory of Senior High School in Cabuyao Integrated National High
School are very useful in experimenting especially in science subjects."
CABUYAO INTEGRATED NATIONAL HIGH SCHOOL 21

"Lack of equipment and facilities"


"It may look useful since there are many equipments can be used. So those
equipment, save significance in learning with some application. That will help future
STEM students in Cabuyao Integrated National High School."

Five (5) students stated that, in their opinion, the science laboratory lacks 21

equipment and the materials are already near to completion. Some students said

that the laboratory is clean but some of the equipments present are not usually used

for their experiments. In addition, two (2) students said that the science laboratory is

organized and high class.

There were five (5) students who said that the laboratory is usable, helpful

and useful to them in terms of learning more to the experiment, help them in their

science subjects and have a significance in learning with some application that can

also help the future STEM students of Cabuyao Integrated National High School.

2. What are the significance of science laboratory to the performance and


skill of the students in science experiments?

Table 2
The significance of science laboratory to the performance and skill of
the students in science experiments

First Theme: The lab and its materials/equipment are very significant especially for
physics, chemistry, biology and other Science subjects, laboratory helps in some
experiments, student will have a knowledge by discovering into something new, can
enhance experimental skills, it helps students in understanding every lesson,
improves experimental skills

"Definitely, just the presence of the science laboratory affects my science


experimental skills. Since after Senior High School and college, a more holistic
hands-on skills on science activities are required as a STEM student, the lab and its
materials/equipment are very significant especially for physics, chemistry, biology
and other Science subjects."
"Yes, the science laboratory helps me in some experiments."
CABUYAO INTEGRATED NATIONAL HIGH SCHOOL 22

"No, my skills is about bombing my mind the science lab is not suitable for my idea
and skill its need to be renovated to handle a good and quality of experimenting"
"Yes, of course the equipments in science laboratory are need in experimenting the
student will have a knowledge by discovering into something new."
"Yes, it helps us to conduct the said experiment from our modules or learning
22
materials. Science also gives us concrete explanation about our topic by doing
practical experiment and test especially in chemistry and physics."
"Yes, because it's obviously the only place nearest where you can actually perform
experiments."
"Yes, because in science we can make some experiment that can enhance our
experimental skills."
"Yes, it helps students in doing some experiments and also in understanding every
lesson."
"Yes, it can improve my experimental skills."
"No, it's not suitable for my skills."
The students were asked if the science laboratory has a relation to their skills

in science experiment and what are its significances to their science experimental

skills. The science laboratory not just improves student’s skills in experiment but also

help them understand their lesson. Eight (8) students agreed that science laboratory

has a significance and has something to do with their skills in experiments.

According to them, science laboratory improve, enhance and help enrich their skills

in experimenting through experiments they perform. They gain knowledge by

discovering something new. A participant added that the presence of science

laboratory helps him/her to become prepared since after Senior High School and

college, a more holistic hands-on skill on science activities are required as a STEM

student.

In contrary to the aforementioned above, two (2) students said that the

science laboratory has no significance to their skills.

Two (2) students said that science laboratory helps them to perform
CABUYAO INTEGRATED NATIONAL HIGH SCHOOL 23

experiments and through this, it gives them concrete explanation about the topic.

3. What are the possible general impacts of science laboratory to the


science experimental skills of students?
23
Table 3

The possible general impacts of science laboratory to the science

experimental skills of students

First Theme: help student to achieve experimental skills in science, students tend to
learn more about a concept , gained and also developed student’s performance and
skills in science experimental skills,affects academic performance in science subject,
science lab affects enhances experimental and technical skills of students, students
excel a lot, science laboratory do help us in understanding lesson, help to improve
student’s skills and at the same time, can get more knowledge about the things,
helps students to become disciplined and take seriously those activities given

"The science laboratory and everything in it helps me achieve experimental skills in


science. People tend to learn more about a concept , and thus , hands-on activities,
for me, are an important factor for me to learn."
"I can gained and also developed my performance and skills in science experimental
skills."
"Science lab affects my academic performance in physics, by the helps of science
lab we have a little idea on what experiment we undergo through science lab."
"Because of lack of equipment we can do some of our experiment so, that we have
lack of knowledge about experiment."
"We excel about a lot because it enhance our experimental and technical skills well,
it may be hard and expensive but experiments in our science laboratories do help us
in understanding lesson."
"It can help to improve our skills and at the same time, we can get more knowledge
about the things surround us."
"Because of science laboratory we are able to improve."
"It helps the students in having analysis to perform the tasks, observation skills on
how to portray every instruction given by the equipment in scilab."
"Science lab explains me different things to apply and not to apply in doing the
experiment. It helps me to be disciplined and take seriously those activities that was
given to us and perform it well and smoothly follow the procedures provided by the
material."
"It provide/contains the tools/equipment with which I can perform and learn science
experimental skills."
CABUYAO INTEGRATED NATIONAL HIGH SCHOOL 24

The students were asked about the general impacts of science laboratory to

their experimental skills. Six (6) students stated that the science laboratory help

them to achieved, develop and enhance their experimental and technical skills in
24
science. They tend to learn more about a concept, understand lessons, gain more

knowledge about things that surround them, perform and learn science experimental

skills and excel a lot in their subject.

Science laboratory has also an effect to the academic performance of the

students and on how they perform the science experiments. Two (2) students said

that science laboratory helps them in having analysis to perform the task and how to

follow the instructions given by the equipment in the laboratory. Science laboratory

explains them the different things to apply and not to apply in the experiments, it

helps them to become disciplined and to take seriously those activities that were

given to them and perform it well by following the procedures provided.

A participant stated that science laboratory affects his/her academic

performance especially in physics.

As oppose to the aforementioned above, a student said that he/she gain less

knowledge in their experiments because of the lack of equipment.


CABUYAO INTEGRATED NATIONAL HIGH SCHOOL 25

Chapter 5
SUMMARY OF FINDINGS, CONCLUSION, AND RECOMMENDATIONS

This chapter shows and talks over the findings and summary of the research.
25
The researchers also articulate conclusions and provide recommendations to

improve the effectiveness of the study.

Summary

This study harnessed a descriptive qualitative research that presents the

general perception of the students to the science laboratory, the significance of

science laboratory to their experimental skills and the possible general impact of the

laboratory to the experimental skills of students. The researchers want to anwer the

following questions: (a) What are the general insights of the students to the science

laboratory? (b) What are the significances of science laboratory to the performance

and skills of the students in science experiments? (c) What are the possible general

impacts of science laboratory to the science experimental skills of the students? The

researchers used survey questionnaire as their instrument to help answer the

leading question of the study.The researchers used simple random sampling in

choosing their respondents which means they are chosen without particular pattern.

Ten Grade 12 STEM-1 students of Cabuyao Integrated National High School were

the respondents of the study.


CABUYAO INTEGRATED NATIONAL HIGH SCHOOL 26

Findings

1. What are the general insights of the students to the science laboratory?

Based on the data gathered, respondents perceived the following


26
insights to the science laboratory: (a).High-class; (b). albeit, cramped on a

single room; (c).clean, (d).some of its equipment are not usually used; (e).

lacks equipment, (f).sometimes useful sometimes not; (g).have a lot of

apparatus, (h).the experiment are very enlightening; (i).organized and helpful

to the students; (j). very useful in experimenting especially in science

subjects.

2. What are the significance of science laboratory to the performance and

skill of the students in science experiments?

Based on the data gathered, the significance of science laboratory to

the performance and skill of the students in science experiments are the

following: (a). the lab and its materials/equipment are very significant

especially for physics, chemistry, biology and other Science subjects; (b).

laboratory helps in some experiments; (c).student will have a knowledge by

discovering into something new; (d).can enhance experimental skills; (e). it

helps students in understanding every lesson;(f). improves experimental

skills.

3. What are the possible general impacts of science laboratory to the


science experimental skills of students?
CABUYAO INTEGRATED NATIONAL HIGH SCHOOL 27

Based on the data gathered, possible impacts of science laboratory to

the science experimental skills of students are the following: (a). help

student to achieve experimental skills in science; (b). students tend to learn


27
more about a concept; (c). gained and also developed student’s performance

and skills in science experimental skills; (d).affects academic performance in

science subject; (e). science lab affects enhances experimental and technical

skills of students; (f). students excel a lot; (g). science laboratory do helps in

understanding lesson; (h). help to improve student’s skills and at the same

time; (i). can get more knowledge about the things; (j). helps students to

become disciplined and take seriously those activities that was given to us.

Conclusions

Based on the findings, the researchers concluded that:

1. The science laboratory is functional, useful and helpful to the students. The

science laboratory, despite of being organized and high class, it lacks

equipment and some equipments are not usually used in experiments.

2. Most of the respondents said that the science laboratory has significance to

their skills in experiments. It hones their skills in experiment and they gain

knowledge by discovering something new and prepare them for future

science activities.

3. Most of the respondents stated that the science laboratory helps them to

achieved, develop, enhance their experimental and technical skills in science


CABUYAO INTEGRATED NATIONAL HIGH SCHOOL 28

and practice to follow instructions and regulations in the laboratory. Science

laboratory also affects academic performance of student and the lack of

equipment also affects the amount of knowledge he/she gain.


28

Recommendations

Based on the conclusions formulated by the researchers, they recommended

that:

1. Department of Education should keep an eye to those school facilities that

are essential for the school. They should provide and fill the paucity of

equipment and materials in such facility.

2. The Science teachers, if necessary, should constantly use the laboratory in

conducting experiments to assure that all equipments and materials in the

laboratory are used and for the students to completely hone their

experimentalt skills, technical skills and to excel more in their subject.


CABUYAO INTEGRATED NATIONAL HIGH SCHOOL 29

Bibliography

WEBSITES:
http://www.usm.edu.ph/onlinejournal/index.php/USMJournal/article/download/13/16
http://www.ijern.com/journal/2014/December-2014/15.pdf
http://opensiuc.lib.siu.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1126&context=theses 29
https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Allan_Bernardo/publication/240359600_Students%27_Perce
ptions_of_Science_Classes_in_the_Philippines/links/00b7d52a7d9aba100a000000/Students-
Perceptions-of-Science-Classes-in-the-Philippines.pdf
https://files.eric.ed.gov/fulltext/EJ835201.pdf

Unpublish Dissertation:

Students’ Perceptions of Science Classes in the Philippines, Allan B. I. Bernardo et. Al 2014
CABUYAO INTEGRATED NATIONAL HIGH SCHOOL 30

APPENDIX A

1. What is your general perception to the science laboratory of

Senior High School in Cabuyao Integrated National High School ?


30

Participant 1

"The Senior High School Science Laboratory is already, in my opinion,

high class, albeit cramped on a single room. However, its equipment

and materials are already near to completion, and all of them are usable

at very least"

Participant 2

"The science laboratory of Senior High School is clean but some of its

equipment is not usually used for experiment and also it is lack of

equipment."

Participant 3

"Lack of equipment. But the lab is clean. Some of the materials are not

usually used for laboratory."

Participant 4

"Science laboratory sometimes useful, sometimes not, out as of now

DepEd providing us more equipment to be use by the student to learn

more and to actual experimentation about certain topic."

Participant 5
CABUYAO INTEGRATED NATIONAL HIGH SCHOOL 31

"It seems to have a lot of apparatus for different specifications of

science subject but they are not really being used and learned by

majority of the students especially the said apparatus.if the teacher is


31
good, however, the experiment are very enlightening."

Participant 6

"The equipment in Science Laboratory are not completely"

Participant 7

"Organized and helpful to the students"

Participant 8

"Science Laboratory of Senior High School in Cabuyao Integrated

National High School are very useful in experimenting especially in

science subjects."

Participant 9

"Lack of equipment and facilities"

Participant 10

"It may look useful since there are many equipments can be used. So

those equipment, save significance in learning with some application.

That will help future STEM students in Cabuyao Integrated National High

School."
CABUYAO INTEGRATED NATIONAL HIGH SCHOOL 32

2. Does Science Laboratory have something to do with your

science experimental skills? If yes, what is its significance?

Participant 1
32
"Definitely, just the presence of the science laboratory affects my

science experimental skills. Since after Senior High School and college,

a more holistic hands-on skills on science activities are required as a

STEM student , the lab and its materials/equipment are very significant

especially for physics, chemistry, biology and other Science subjects."

Participant 2

"Yes, the science laboratory helps me in some experiments."

Participant 3

"No, my skills is about bombing my mind the science lab is not suitable

for my idea and skill its need to be renovated to handle a good and

quality of experimenting"

Participant 4

"Yes, of course the equipments in science laboratory are need in

experimenting the student will have a knowledge by discovering into

something new."
CABUYAO INTEGRATED NATIONAL HIGH SCHOOL 33

Participant 5

"Yes, it helps us to conduct the said experiment from our modules or

learning materials. Science lab also gives us concrete explanation about


33
our topic by doing practical experiment and test especially in chemistry

and physics."

Participant 6

"Yes, because it's obviously the only place nearest where you can

actually perform experiments."

Participant 7

"Yes, because in science we can make some experiment that can

enhance our experimental skills."

Participant 8

"Yes, it helps students in doing some experiments and also in

understanding every lesson."

Participant 9

"Yes, it can improve my experimental skills."

Participant 10

"No, it's not suitable for my skills."


CABUYAO INTEGRATED NATIONAL HIGH SCHOOL 34

3. In what ways does science laboratory affects your performance and skills

in science experimental skills?

34
Participant 1

"The science laboratory and everything in it helps me achieve

experimental skills in science. People tend to learn more about a

concept , and thus , hands-on activities, for me, are an important factor

for me to learn."

Participant 2

"I can gained and also developed my performance and skills in science

experimental skills."

Participant 3

"Science lab affects my academic performance in physics, by the helps

of science lab we have a little idea on what experiment we undergo

through science lab."

Participant 4

"Because of lack of equipment we can do some of our experiment so,

that we have lack of knowledge about experiment."


CABUYAO INTEGRATED NATIONAL HIGH SCHOOL 35

Participant 5

"We excel about a lot because it enhance our experimental and

technical skills well, it may be hard and expensive but experiments in


35
our science laboratories do help us in understanding lesson."

Participant 6

"It can help to improve our skills and at the same time, we can get

more knowledge about the things surround us."

Participant 7

"Because of science laboratory we are able to improve."

Participant 8

"It helps the students in having analysis to perform the tasks,

observation skills on how to portray every instruction given by the

equipment in scilab."

Participant 9

"Science lab explains me different things to apply and not to apply in

doing the experiment. It helps me to be disciplined and take seriously

those activities that was given to us and perform it well and smoothly

follow the procedures provided by the material."

Participant 10

"It provide/contains the tools/equipment with which I can perform and

learn science experimental skills."


CABUYAO INTEGRATED NATIONAL HIGH SCHOOL 36

APPENDIX B

NAME (optional):_________________________________
GRADE AND SECTION:_______________________________
36

DIRECTION: Read the following question below and write your answer on the space
provided.

1. What is your general perception to the science laboratory of Senior High


School in Cabuyao Integrated National High School?
______________________________________________________________

______________________________________________________________

______________________________________________________________

______________________________________________________________

______________________________________________________________

______________________________________________________________

______________________________________________________________

____________________

2. Does science laboratory have something to do with your science


experimental skills? If yes, what is its significance?
______________________________________________________________

______________________________________________________________

______________________________________________________________

______________________________________________________________

______________________________________________________________

______________________________________________________________
CABUYAO INTEGRATED NATIONAL HIGH SCHOOL 37

______________________________________________________________

______________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________
37
3. In what way does science laboratory affects your performance and skills in
science experimental skills?
______________________________________________________________

______________________________________________________________

______________________________________________________________

______________________________________________________________

______________________________________________________________

______________________________________________________________

______________________________________________________________

_____________________
CABUYAO INTEGRATED NATIONAL HIGH SCHOOL 38

Curriculum Vitae

Melvin P. Mendoza
Address: purok 3 Brgy. BIgaa Cabuyao City Laguna
Email: 38

EDUCATIONAL BACKGROUND:

SECONDARY: Cabuyao Integrated National Highschool

ELEMENTARY : Sala Elementary School

PERSONAL INFORMATION:
Age: 17
Date of birth: November 9 2000
Place of birth: Cabuyao City
Civil status: Single
Religion: Roman Catholic
Citizenship: Filipino
Language spoken: Filipino, english
Father’s name: Ronilo E. Mendoza
Mother’s name: Imelda P. Mendoza
CABUYAO INTEGRATED NATIONAL HIGH SCHOOL 39

ANGELO O. MARIANO
Address: Brgy. Pulo Diezmo Rd. Cabuyao Laguna
Email: angelo.mariano02@yahoo.cpm

39
EDUCATIONAL BACKGROUND:

SECONDARY: Cabuyao Integrated National Highschool

ELEMENTARY : Dau homesite Elementaryo School

PERSONAL INFORMATION:
Age: 17
Date of birth: January 2 2001
Place of birth: Angeles, City
Civil status: Single
Religion: Catholic
Citizenship: Filipino
Language spoken: Filipino,English and Kapampangan
Father’s name: Arnel Mariano
Mother’s name: Elaine Mariano
CABUYAO INTEGRATED NATIONAL HIGH SCHOOL 40

GERALDINE GALUPO
Address: lot 10&12 unit 5 blk.9, St. Midland Subdivision 3, Sala Cabuyao
Laguna
Email: siopao.galupo@gmail .com
40
EDUCATIONAL BACKGROUND:
SECONDARY: San-Roque Pambujan Vocational High School

ELEMENTARY : Paninirungan Elementary School

PERSONAL INFORMATION:

Age: 18
Date of birth: November 28, 1999
Place of birth: Quezon City
Civil status: Single
Religion: Roman Catholic
Citizenship: Filipino
Language spoken: Filipino, English
Father’s name: Elizabeth T. Galupo
Mother,s name: Rafael T. Galupo
CABUYAO INTEGRATED NATIONAL HIGH SCHOOL 41

MARK DANIEL T. LAMPA


Address: lot 95 blk. 3 st. joseph 6 butong laguna Cabuyao Laguna
Email: jonaxxmontefalco7@yahoo.com
41

EDUCATIONAL BACKGROUND:

SECONDARY: Balsik National High School

ELEMENTARY : Saba Elementary School

PERSONAL INFORMATION:

Age: 17
Date of birth: October 05 2000
Place of birth: Dinalupihan,Bataan
Civil status: Single
Religion: Roman Catholic
Citizenship: Filipino
Language spoken: Filipino, English
Father’s name: Danilo Lampa
Mother’s name: Marife Lampa
CABUYAO INTEGRATED NATIONAL HIGH SCHOOL 42

JAMAICA C. FERNANDO
Address: Blk. 30 lot 25, Niugan Southville 1, Cabuyao City, Laguna
Email: maicafernando10@gmail.com

42
EDUCATIONAL BACKGROUND:

SECONDARY: Cabuyao Integrated National High School

ELEMENTARY : Southville 1, Elementary School

PERSONAL INFORMATION:
Age: 17
Date of birth: October 15, 2000
Place of birth: Sala, Cabuyao
Civil status: Single
Religion: Roman Catholic
Citizenship: Filipino
Language spoken: Filipino, English
Father’s name: Joel Fernando
Mother’s name: Rhodora Fernando
CABUYAO INTEGRATED NATIONAL HIGH SCHOOL 43

MARICAR ENRIQUEZ
Address: Blk. 6 lot 54 Duhat St. Millwood Ville Subd. Pulo Cabuyao Laguna
Email: maricarenriquez_12@gmail.com

43
EDUCATIONAL BACKGROUND:

SECONDARY: Cabuyao National High School

ELEMENTARY : Cabuyao Central School

PERSONAL INFORMATION:
Age: 17
Date of birth:
Place of birth:
Civil status: Single
Religion:
Citizenship:
Language spoken:
Father’s name:
Mother’s name:
CABUYAO INTEGRATED NATIONAL HIGH SCHOOL 44

CRISTIANA JADE M. GOMBA


Address: Blk. 37 Lot 3 Phase Mabuhay City Baclaran Cabuyao Laguna
Email: maricarenriquez_12@gmail.com

44
EDUCATIONAL BACKGROUND:

SECONDARY: Gulod National High School

ELEMENTARY : Today Kids Creative Learning Center

PERSONAL INFORMATION:
Age: 17
Date of birth: December 24, 2000
Place of birth: Dita, Sta. rosa laguna
Civil status: Single
Religion: Born Again Christian
Citizenship: Filipino
Language spoken: Tagalog, English
Father’s name: Ramel Gomba
Mother’s name: Maura Gomba