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Concept Design Report • 09.02.

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table of contents

Acknowledgments . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1
Executive Summary . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
Project Framework. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
Project Timeline. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
Functional Integration. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
Space Needs Update. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
Design Narratives
Architectural Narrative. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15
Concept Diagrams. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18
Concept Floor Plans. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20
Site and Landscape Narrative . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25
Site Plan. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27
Code Summary. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28

Concept Design Report • 09.02.2010

Alaska’s Memory Keeper
Owner/Client Core Design Team

State of Alaska, Department of Transportation ECI / Hyer Architecture & Interiors

and Public Facilities for 101 W. Benson Boulevard, Suite 306
State of Alaska, Department of Education and Anchorage, Alaska 99503
Early Development Brian Meissner, Principal-in-Charge
Division of Alaska State Libraries, Archives and 907.561.5543
Linda Thibodeau, Director THA Architecture
P.O. Box 110571 733 SW Oak Street, Suite 100
Juneau, AK 99811-0571 Portland, Oregon 97205
Thomas Hacker, Lead Designer

Walker Macy • Landscape Architecture

111 SW Oak Street, Suite 200
Portland, OR 97204
Doug Macy, Landscape Planner

Laura Millar • Archive Planner

1202-1245 Quayside Drive
New Westminster, BC V3M 6J6

Concept Design Report • 09.02.2010 



Over the past few years a paradigm shift has The project has three key goals: Outreach
been occurring at the Alaska State Libraries, Initial outreach efforts included stakeholder
• Construct a new building that will protect
Archives and Museums. A dream for a new facil- interviews with representatives of 35 groups
Alaska’s collections while integrating the
ity that would integrate the three units is becom- statewide and an email poll of other state
library, archives and museum.
ing a reality. Simultaneously, the workings of libraries, archives and museums regarding their
the Division are becoming more integrated on • Improve service delivery and program of-
expansion projects. A project fact sheet outlined
a daily basis. These changes have Alaska on tar- ferings through integration of the three
the project need and approach. A project bro-
get to become an international leader in service groups.
chure was distributed with presentations to the
delivery for libraries, archives and museums. • Create an integrated digital portal for access annual meeting of the Alaska Historical Societies
This report summarizes the process that led to to information. and Museums Alaska.
where we are, presents the concepts that arose
from the process, and sets a course that will lead More recently, a series of public workshops and
Building Space Requirements discussions with staff has led to development
to a new Library, Archives and Museum Facility.
After extensive user interviews with staff mem- of an updated list of space requirements and a
At heart, this project is about protecting Alas- bers and stakeholders, the space requirements concept design for the new facility.
ka’s treasures. The existing collections of the have been updated and described in detail. In
Alaska Libraries, Archives and Museums are full summary, the new facility will include the follow- Over the next several months continued state-
of those treasures. Many, if damaged, are irre- ing components. wide outreach will be employed to educate citi-
placeable, yet they are housed in buildings that zens about the project and to generate feedback
can no longer adequately protect them. The • 124,000 sf new construction on the design concepts.
storage facilities are beyond their useful life and • 80 basement level parking stalls
beyond capacity. There are additional treasures
within the State and beyond that will eventually • 40 surface parking stalls
find their way into the collections. This project • site development and landscaping
promises to produce a facility capable of receiv-
ing and protecting valuable artifacts. Alaska
deserves to see the existing and future collec-
tions preserved for generations to come.

Concept Design Report • 09.02.2010 

Alaska Division of Libraries, Archives
and Museums
The U.S. Congress established the Alaska Histori-
cal Library and Museum in 1900. The first cura-
tor, Andrew Kashevaroff, was appointed in 1920
and shortly thereafter the Territory assumed
responsibility for its operations. When the new
federal building (now the State Capitol) was fin-
ished in 1931, the Library and Museum moved to
that building.
A new museum, built by the community of
Juneau, was turned over to the State of Alaska
in 1968 to honor the centennial of Alaska’s pur-
chase. At that time, the Alaska Historical Library
was separated from the Alaska State Museum
and became a part of the Alaska State Library,
which had been established in 1955. When the
Alaska State Archives was created in 1970, public
state records were transferred to it from the His-
torical Library, which retained all manuscript and
photograph records and papers produced by the
private sector. The State Archives entered the
current building in 1975. The State purchased the
Sheldon Jackson Museum in 1988. In 1991, the
Commissioner of Education created the Division
of Libraries, Archives and Museums.

The mission of the Alaska Division of Libraries, Archives and Museums is to preserve Alaska’s cultural heritage and to facilitate access to information and
resources for research and lifelong learning.
In keeping with this mission to better protect and share our collections and to improve our programs and services, the division is working towards consoli-
dating and integrating the work of its three sections: the State Library, the State Archives and the State Museums. A new building should help us to work
more efficiently and effectively for Alaskans.

Alaska State Library Alaska State Archives Alaska State Museums

The Department of Library Service was estab- The Alaska State Archives was established in 1970 The purpose of the Museum, created in 1900,
lished in 1955 to provide library service in the Ter- and opened its doors to the public in 1972. The was to collect, preserve and exhibit the territo-
ritory of Alaska, to serve as a reference library State Archives is the repository that preserves ry’s objects. Initially the collection was stored
for Territorial offices and libraries, to coordinate the government records of Alaska’s history and wherever space could be found with no provi-
and assist library activities throughout the terri- makes these records accessible to its patrons in sion made for public access. In 1920, the collec-
tory, and to administer the annual grant-in-aid a safe, professional and responsible manner. tion was made available to the public in Juneau’s
to incorporated library associations. In 1959 the Arctic Brotherhood Building and in 1923, the
Government records with permanent histori-
Department was placed within the Department Territory assumed responsibility for operations.
cal value include legislative bills and histories,
of Education for administrative purposes; it By the mid-1940s, the collection had outgrown
audio recordings, meeting minutes, annual
assumed the title Alaska State Library. The His- its space and the Museum could no longer ade-
reports, birth and death records, naturalization
torical Library separated from the State Museum quately store and display its materials. In 1968, in
records, incorporation records, court and pro-
and joined the State Library in 1968. This section honor of the centennial purchase of Alaska from
bate records, correspondence, publications and
of the library is now known as the Historical Russia, Juneau citizens implemented a sales tax
other agency-related material. The Alaska State
Collections. to help fund a new facility—the existing museum
Archives does not collect personal manuscript
facility—subsequently turning over ownership
records, but holds records dated from 1874 -.
and governance to the State of Alaska. Since
present, with the majority of records created in
that time, the Museum’s collections have grown
the 20th century. Areas of strength include ter-
from 5,500 to 27,000 objects. The Alaska State
ritorial and state governor records, territorial
Museum was accredited by the American Associ-
court records, community-based state govern-
ation of Museums in 1975 and was re-accredited
ment records, and state era legislative records.
in 1987, and again in 2001.

Concept Design Report • 09.02.2010 


Libraries Archives Museum Project Timeline to Date
• Initial design proposal unveiled in Juneau in June 2010; .
the project was christened the Library Archives Museum Project
• Staff and public meetings conducted in Juneau in April & May 2010
• Design contract awarded in spring 2010
• Released design request for proposals in November of 2009
• Pre-design program planning conducted in spring 2009
• Additional design funding provided by Legislature in 2008
• Needs Assessment completed November 2006
• Partial design funding secured 2005
• 1.8 acres acquired 2003, added to site of existing Museum

Next Steps
• Fall - Winter 2010 - 2011 • Fall - Winter 2011 - 2012
Schematic design Final construction documents
Statewide outreach campaign Initiate construction contract for long-lead
items, utilities and advanced site work
Contractor selection
• Spring 2012 - Summer 2014
• Spring - Summer 2011
Design development
• Fall 2014
Finalize construction timeline
Grand Opening
Secure project funding for construction

Concept Design Report • 09.02.2010 


As web-based communications and digital tech- a result, everyone in the institution can see the • identifying and liaising with potential donors
nologies become increasingly common, a grow- full scope of new holdings and establish com- to coordinate communications and support
ing national and international trend is to inte- mon priorities for action. Similarly, the content positive relationships with the community
grate library, archives and museum processes, and structure of library, archives and museum
• documenting the preservation requirements
bringing together the work of different institu- catalogs, finding aids, and other descriptive
for all materials in all media to prioritize
tions into one or two integrated agencies, often tools can be coordinated so that users can
materials at risk while making best use of
under the umbrella term ‘memory institutions.’ easily find a wide-range of relevant materials
Functional integration emphasizes the simi- on their research topic, whether the items are
larities between library, archives and museum publications, historical documents, or original • providing online access to descriptions and
services while respecting the distinct qualities artifacts. As an example, the description of a pair catalogs to ensure users are able to find rel-
of the materials being managed: publications, of beaded moccasins will be different from the evant materials from throughout the institu-
archival records and artifacts. Not only does the description of a booklet on Athabascan clothing tion regardless of format or type
integration of operations provide greater access or of a historical photograph of an Athabascan • digitizing historical materials, from historical
to a wide range of information resources, but woman in traditional clothing. By putting those publications to archival records to images of
the coordination of activities also allows insti- descriptions together in an integrated catalog, three-dimensional artifacts, to provide the
tutions to offer extensive public services while the user can access core information about each widest possible access to the institution’s
maximizing resources. item, making it easier to locate a wide body of holdings.
information and resources related to Athabas-
While each type of material – publications, his- Staff members across the division are work-
can traditions.
torical records, or three-dimensional objects –. ing closely on integration initiatives, bringing
presents its own challenge for preservation, The Library Archives Museum Project is mov- together their unique expertise and knowledge
description and access, many procedures can ing toward functional integration in many of its and looking beyond the traditional “silos” of
be coordinated effectively. For example, rather library/archives/museum operations. In particu- libraries versus archives versus museums.
than maintaining separate procedures for adding lar, the division is actively investigating new and
new items to library, archives or museum collec- coordinated processes for: The goal is to identify new and creative
tions, an integrated approach can centralize the approaches to collecting, documenting, pre-
• acquiring, collecting and documenting the serving and sharing the wealth of resources that
documentation of all new acquisitions. Donor
receipt of new materials to support a com- illustrate Alaska’s past and present.
information, descriptions of new accessions,
prehensive approach to acquisitions
conservation notes can all be consolidated; as

Concept Design Report • 09.02.2010 

functional adjacency diagrams

Through numerous stimulating discussions Historical Collection (Library) have the most The preservation of these collections benefits
with the Executive Committee, staff and the issues with potential contamination. An isola- all Alaskans, a small child may develop a lifelong
Design Team, a collaborative method of working tion room will be used by these two sections interest in history by visiting the Museum; an
emerged. This will be facilitated by an integra- and by Archives when necessary. The Museum intern for a State Senator may look for prec-
tion of spaces in the new facility. Together the needs a direct access from the loading dock into edent in the State Archives.
Library, Archives, Museum, Administration and the Exhibit area for touring shows. Library and
Each section currently “explains” its collections
Technical and Imaging Services explained to the Archives also need a convenient way to bring
through a different catalog system. The end
Design Team what services they provide to the materials into the processing area from receiv-
goal of any cataloging system is clear collection
State and how work is accomplished within their ing. The loading/receiving area begins the back
current space. From these meetings surfaced an of house integration of the sections.
understanding of what each section shares and When visiting the new building looking for infor-
Material preservation involves the treatment of
where potentially conflicting differences exist in mation on a subject, the public should be able to
objects for contaminants, repair and storage. All
the program requirements. It is important that see what is available from each of the sections
sections have some level of paper conservation,
the design and program create space that allows without having to run to different locations and
so an area to serve this need has been added
collaboration in new and yet unidentified ways. be confused by numerous cataloging methods.
to the program. Storage has different security
As the sections develop an understanding of
Each section collects, preserves, explains, inter- and environmental requirements for the various
what resources each has, they will better assist
prets, shares and communicates. Within each collections. The Museum collection requires the
patrons in their search for information. The staff
of these areas are both nuanced and notice- highest level of security. The Museum, Archives
is also looking at ways to make cataloging more
able procedural distinctions. The Design Team and Historical Collections all require specific
transparent. These issues impact the building
worked with the user group to understand all and similar environmental controls. Informa-
program in a number of ways.
the possible areas of integration that should be tion Service’s (Library) Collection is browsable
considered during the programming process and and has the lowest security and environmental Upon coming into the new facility it will be evi-
to find ways of addressing technical variations. demands. The various collections also grow or, dent where to enter the Museum Exhibit area
potentially, contract at different rates. A large and how to access the other collections. There
Collecting is done both through outreach result-
secure storage area shared between Archives will be one entrance to a reading/research room
ing in donations and through systematic collect-
and the Historical Collection gives potential for to serve Information Services, the Historical
ing and purchasing. New materials are evaluated
the line between these sections to move as stor- Collection and Archives. A service desk will be
for issues that must be addressed prior to being
age needs change. attended by staff who can direct patrons to
entered into the collection. The Museum and
items in all the collections or to another staff

Concept Design Report • 09.02.2010 11

member who will help with the search. This is a Spaces will be provided for visiting State staff its will be interspersed throughout the facility,
collection for all Alaskans; remote access should and Library Archives Museum personnel will possibly suspending items from the ceiling in
be as comprehensive as possible. continue to share their resources through the public areas, such as the lobby, and sometimes
internet and through actual transport of items displaying them in secure cases. Within the read-
For the staff, collaboration will mean the poten-
throughout the State. The Museum shares its ing room, the Museum book collections will be
tial of cross-disciplinary projects with the goal of
objects in a number of ways. The most apparent accessible to the public.
enriching the understanding of these important
is the exhibit hall that provides large numbers
State resources. All staff from the Library and Meeting rooms, classrooms, and an auditorium
of visitors a broad look into Alaskan history.
Archives and some staff from the Museum will that seats 120 people will be used for numerous
Archives and Historical have very similar meth-
occupy a mostly open office space and share a educational functions. A store will offer items
ods of sharing collections. The documents need
large processing area. Special project rooms will appropriate to each of the collections and a café
to be monitored at all times and do not circulate
be located around the building to facilitate these will serve the public.
outside of the research room. Information Ser-
cross-disciplinary endeavors.
vices has both a circulating and non-circulating The centerpiece of the building is the main lobby.
Each of the sections interprets and commu- collection. It will serve not just as a passageway to other
nicates its collections for the public, though rooms and a large social gathering area but,
Understanding how each section shares its
method and level of interpretation vary. This adds most importantly, a place where the extraordi-
collection was essential to developing the pro-
to the discussion of overlapping endeavors. nary nature of this program will unfold to the
gram for each viewing area. By placing a secure
visitor. This building aspires to support a new era
Sharing the body of knowledge stored in the research room within the shared reading room,
of collaboration between the Library, Archives
building and staff with greater Alaska is a primary Archives, Historical and Information Services
and Museum, enriching the lives of all Alaskans
goal of the Library Archives Museum Project. can work side-by-side, sharing material and staff
with its rich resources.
Outreach will be facilitated through the use of resources. There are also ways to integrate the
distance learning technology in meeting rooms. Museum into other areas of the building. Exhib-


PublicArea 13,770 17,213

Lobbies 5,260
MeetingRooms/Auditorium/Classrooms 4,650
Retail 1,700
Misc. 2,160
Administration 4,527 5,885
Offices 827
MeetingRooms 800
Workrooms 1,600
Misc. 1,300
UnassignedSpace 16,150 17,765
Office/Workroom 450
MechanicalSpaces 10,700
Electrical/DataSpaces 2,520
JanitorialSpaces 180
Loading 1,420
Misc. 880
LAMReferenceArea 25,166 32,716
Offices 2,964
Reading/ResearchRooms 9,322
Workrooms 2,400
SecureStorage 10,000
Misc. 480
DigitalandImagingServices 4,769 6,200
Offices 1,069
Workrooms 1,100
StorageArea 400
LabArea 2,100
Misc. 100
Museum 34,253 44,529
Offices 1,453
GallerySpace 16,000
Workrooms 4,300
SecureStorage 10,000
StorageArea 1,300
Misc. 1,200

TOTAL 98,635 124,307

Concept Design Report • 09.02.2010 13

the design concepts are inspired by waterside development patterns in juneau and statewide


Our Goals. The Building must: Building Planning

• Fit into Juneau’s historic urban fabric, while Building Siting and Entry: The building is sited
creating a vibrant Library Archives Museum facing east toward downtown Juneau. The main
that celebrates the State of Alaska’s past, entry connects to the large public plaza which
The new facility will occupy a site near present and future. is bounded to the east by Whittier Street. The
the State Capitol, serving the needs of extension of the northeastern café into the
• Integrate and streamline Library, Archives
state agencies locally and a broader plaza helps protect the covered entry from the
and Museum operations for greater efficien-
network of constituent agencies strong northeasterly Taku winds that occur peri-
cy and responsiveness to the public.
throughout the state. It will act as the odically during the winter season. The decision
central repository for the exceptional • Increase virtual access to the collections to place the entry at this location was driven by
historical collections of the State . and resources for the State’s residents and two primary concerns: 1) The new building and
Library and Archives, as well as the State beyond. entry plaza provide a civic focal point and strong
Museum’s diverse collection of cultural • Be lasting, energy-efficient and sustainable. terminus to the future plaza extending across
artifacts – a major public attraction Whittier Street to the State Office Building; 2) By
during the summer tourist season. The preliminary design of the facility is rooted placing the entry and circulation core towards
in the State’s cultural history. The site layout the northeast of the site, tremendous views to
The initial design ideas for the new reflects the fan of the docks that historically the north, south, and east could be preserved
Alaska State Library Archives and occupied the site and the roof form is reminis- for enjoyment by library users and staff alike.
Museum Project were developed cent of the wing and feathers of a bird in flight.
through a series of staff and commu- The building and site is viewed from many high General Building Order: The design includes a
nity workshops beginning in April of vantage points from around the city; including generous light-filled, double height entry lobby
2010. During the workshops a series . the Governor’s Mansion on Calhoun Avenue with a café, auditorium and shared public meet-
of themes emerged. These themes . and from State Office Building. An inspired and ing rooms on the main floor. The café, auditorium
are used to guide the design process: expressive roof form will be a beacon to the city, and meeting rooms are immediately accessible
embracing and welcoming visitors from around for evening use without impacting the security
the world. for library or museum. Washrooms are located
conveniently near the entry, servicing the after

Concept Design Report • 09.02.2010 15

hour use of these functions. The museum is maximum visual control by a minimal number of storage, which in turn is immediately accessible
located on the main floor to accommodate the staff members. from the northwest loading and service entry.
large groups of visitors during the active summer During the next phase of design, the interpretive
Ground Floor Planning: Entry to the interpre-
months and to protect artifacts from direct light. vision will be established and the body of the
tive portions of the museum is adjacent to the
The reading room is located on the second floor interpretive space will be fully understood.
museum store. This allows a single point of con-
made accessible by a large public stair allowing
trol that can be managed by 1-2 staff persons, and Upper Floor Planning: The main Reading Room
patrons to enjoy the dramatic, unfolding views
encourages patrons to purchase items from the is conceived as a high ceilinged ‘great room’ with
to the north, south and east. A staff entry, build-
store or visit the café. The interpretive space is stacks in the center and reading opportunities
ing loading and service components are located
immediately accessible from the back-of-house along the perimeter. Controllable daylight will
on the northwest corner. Space planning has
functions, including exhibit prep and museum enter the room from high clerestory windows
been greatly influenced by the desire to have
located around the room’s perimeter. The room
is easily reconfigurable in order to adapt to the
changing nature of libraries. Patrons may enjoy
views of Mount Juneau and Mount Roberts to
the north and east as well as distant views down
Gastineau Channel to the south. The south por-
tion of the great room is entirely glazed to give
the feeling of hovering above the amazing view.
Access to the library will be from the large land-
ing located at the top of the public stair. Patrons
will have clear and easy access to the circulation
desk and have controlled access into the adja-
cent research room.
Basement: The design includes a basement in
order to better accommodate the parking and
mechanical needs of the Library, Archives and
Museum. Eighty parking spaces are planned
with vehicular access from Whittier Street into
the northeast corner of the site. A large public
elevator and stair will provide access to the pub-
lic lobby for the Museum and Library above.
view opportunities from site

Sustainable Design cooling will be handled primarily through natural
ventilation and economizer cooling. The more
Energy conservation is a primary concern for
highly controlled spaces in the museum and
the State Library, Archives and Museum Project.
storage spaces will likely require some means of
Maximizing the benefits of natural lighting and
mechanical cooling.
minimizing energy loss are achievable goals.
At the outset of the project, staff and patrons To ensure the success of these strategies, staff
expressed a strong desire to provide daylit and operations personnel will be comfortable
spaces and to minimize long-term operating with the design direction and should be part of
costs. Space planning and the design of the the start-up and testing phases of the project.
building “skin” will be carefully coordinated to Emphasis will be given to building systems that
take advantage of daylight. The goal moving for- can be easily maintained and operated by local historic Juneau dock forms
ward will be to integrate time-tested “passive” personnel.
and “low-tech” strategies with the economical
and complementary use of new technologies in Materials and Methods
an effort to save energy while at the same time In all areas of construction, emphasis will be
providing for the well-being of patrons. Deci- placed on materials and assemblies that provide
sions will be guided by real data based on energy low-tech and economical construction. This
modeling of the building. means of careful planning is based on standard
The energy-efficiency strategy will primarily focus material units that facilitate little construction
on the building “skin.” Roof and walls will have waste. Durable materials and assemblies will
continuous insulation without thermal bridges be favored over those that are complicated and
and will be a vast improvement over traditional have high maintenance. Wherever practical, fin- inspiration sketch
construction assemblies. Other assemblies, like ish materials will be avoided, allowing structural
windows, will be thermally “broken” and will materials to be expressed thus minimizing over-
be triple-glazed where appropriate. Since cool- all material consumption.
ing loads in southeast Alaska are relatively light,

site plan sketch

Concept Design Report • 09.02.2010 17


Ground Floor Planning Upper Floor Planning

... The site layout reflects the fan of the docks that
historically occupied the site, and the roof form is
reminiscent of the wing and feathers of a bird in flight ...

Concept Design Report • 09.02.2010 19



W Security
Wd. Crate Ed. Classroom Off.
Wood Iso.
Stor. Storage Coll. Museum
Work Volunteer Cafe
Sup. Staff
Shop M M Lock.
Conf. Conf. Auditorium

UP Vest.


Supply Store
Wet Lab Museum
Photo Lobby
Wet Lab
Secure Storage
Storage Pro-
cessing 2D
Con. Museum

Col. Disp.



Ground Floor Plan


Public Activity Space

Museum Exhibit Space

Staff | Staff Support
Public Activity Space
Museum Exhibit Space
Building Support
Staff | Staff Support
Library Space

Building Support

Library Space
Roof 0 20 40 80’

Elev. 0 20 40 80’
Micrographics Special Technical and Class-
Administration Outreach Staff
Projects Service room
Workspace M M Elev.


Supply Open Roof

Special Desk
Conf. Research
Secure Room




Upper Floor Plan

Concept Design Report • 09.02.2010 21
Second Floor Plan

Public Activity Space

Museum Exhibit Space

Staff | Staff Support


Building Support

Library Space

0 20 40 80’







Lower Level Parking Plan

Lower Level Parking Plan ECI/HYER :: THA ARCHITECTURE
project location

Concept Design Report • 09.02.2010 23

landscaping will be informed by local textures and native plantings


Site Context and Location Site Conditions surface parking and loading facilities are relo-
cated to the north side of the building and will
Situated at the confluence of important natural The site is built on rock fill that dates from the
accommodate up to two tractor trailers and two
borders and urban corridors, the site presents city’s hard-rock mining period. The fill is porous
smaller delivery vehicles. Public parking is under
opportunities to create connections, to link the and is subject to inundation by tidal waters.
the building.
waterfront to the site, to further develop the Generous precipitation and maritime conditions
arboretum, and to create a public plaza as an make this area conducive to growing plants from
important outdoor space. most parts of Alaska. Prevailing winds enter the
Pedestrian Circulation and Entrance
site from the southeast with the occasional Taku Plaza
Located between the Gastineau Channel and
winds coming from the northeast. Pedestrian access to the site will come primar-
Mount Juneau, the site occupies an area that
ily from the east with clear views into the entry
was once a tidal beach. A spillway or tailrace The area to the east of the site is typified by a
plaza. This east access from downtown and the
from an historic hydroelectric plant and a shop- lack of clear connectivity and scattered parking
State Office Building will be further strengthened
ping center form the western boundary to the lots, in spite of being a major pedestrian pas-
by the plaza’s future extension into the eastern
site. Egan Drive, an important highway, along sageway. The tailrace on the west side of the
parcel across Whittier Street.
with a restaurant, hotel and radio station forms site is partially exposed with the power com-
the southern boundary, with the waterfront one pany planning on completing the piping within The other important pedestrian access to the
block further south. The eastern site boundary the next four years. Currently, tour buses enter site is from the south. Pedestrian access over
is Whittier Street, which separates the museum the site and pull directly to the building entry. A Egan Drive is addressed with a path that can
site from a collection of surface parking lots, collection of trees and shrubs with interpretive connect to a proposed pedestrian bridge that
Willoughby Street, the State Office Building and signs forms an arboretum on-site. will link the existing waterfront path to a north-
downtown Juneau. Immediately north of the south pedestrian path. This passage will provide
site is a motel, restaurant and Willoughby Street Vehicular Access and Circulation an opportunity for tourists to cross the highway
where the outline of the beach is still somewhat This plan proposes to relocate the bus drop-off to the site. The path will continue north through
visible. Two well used pedestrian corridors serve zone to the Whittier Street edge. This move will a naturalized corridor along the western site
the site: between the State Office Building and allow the site to reclaim its frontage as a plaza boundary connecting to Willoughby Street.
the shopping center (east-west) and from the and event space, keeping buses close to the
waterfront to the museum (south to north). street for easy arrival and departure. The staff

Concept Design Report • 09.02.2010 25


The entry plaza is designed to be low mainte-
nance, safe and flexible enough to accommo-
date a variety of event programs and uses, and
1 to be an elegant and enjoyable public space. This
entry plaza is seen as a first step towards creat-
ing a public open space and arboretum that later
expands towards the east to create additional
1 New LAM building public space and to continue uniting the district.
2 State Office Building The plaza landscape will represent a balance of
plantings and hardscape, reflecting local materi-
3 proposed pedestrian mall
als and textures. Due to the rock fill at the site,
Mall Concept -- Interim Build-out trees will be placed in a raised planting area sup-
ported by stone and good topsoil. Sightlines are
maintained throughout the planted areas by the
use of low growing herbaceous plants. Raised
plantings will define paths within the plaza space
2 and provide ample topsoil depth for trees and
other plants.
The arboretum will be a lightly forested zone
on the south side of the museum, providing an
entry to the north-south trail. On the north side
of the building, tree plantings will buffer the staff
entry and parking area. Plaza paving and planter
designs will reflect the glacial activity typical
of the region: exposed rock faces; scored and
grooved paving surfaces will provide a sense of
detail and directionality. Seating and other fur-
nishings will further reflect the rock outcrops
found in the nearby mountains and the forms of
dugout canoes.
Mall Concept -- Full Build-out

y Ave
n ue
Site Plan

r S
6 3


2 8


1 building footprint
2 entry plaza

3 underground parking entry

4 bus drop-off

5 pedestrian trails
5 6 service/maintenance area

7 staff parking
Egan A 8 art/sculpture

9 outdoor café seating

Concept Design Report • 09.02.2010 27

Assumptions • Allowable Increase – based on 200% allow- Structural Frame: type II-A buildings
able area increase per floor (IBC 506.3) plus
Two-story building with a total building area • 1 Hr fire protection as required per table 601
a 75% allowable area increase for frontage
of approximately 114,000 sf plus 10,600 sf of and 602.
per section 506.2 = 58,125 sf allowable per
mechanical space and 82 stalls of parking below
floor. Exterior Walls: type II-A buildings
grade. Building will be constructed according to
the 2009 International Building Code (IBC) and • Height increase: automatic sprinkler increase • No fire protection is required for type II-A
all applicable local and state code amendments. to 4-stories and shall not exceed 85’ per IBC buildings which are equal to or greater than
The following study is based on the 2006 IBC as 504.2. 30 feet from a property line per table 601
the 2009 version has yet to be adopted. and 602.
• Area separation between the A-3 and S-1 oc-
Occupancy cupancies. • 1 Hr fire protection is required for type II-A
buildings which are less than 30 feet from a
• A-3 – Assembly (Library, museum, audito- Fire Resistance Rated Construction
property line per table 601 and 602.
rium and meeting rooms)
Incidental Use Areas
Interior Non bearing Walls: type II-A buildings
• B – Business (Offices); most likely an acces-
• Boiler Room – An automatic sprinkler system
sory occupancy to A-3 • No fire protection required per table 601 and
is provided, therefore a separation capable
• S-1 – Moderate-hazard storage: Archives of resisting the passage of smoke is required
(books, files and artifacts) per section 508.2.2.1. Floor Construction type II-A buildings
• S-2 – Low-hazard storage: Parking garage • Storage Rooms over 100 sf – An automatic • 1 Hr fire protection as required per table 601
sprinkler system is provided; therefore a and 602.
Occupancy Separation: Non-separated use per
separation capable of resisting the passage Roof Construction type II-A buildings
section 508.3.2. Use the most restrictive, A-3, for
of smoke is required per section 508.2.2.1.
construction purposes. • 1 Hr fire protection as required per table 601
• Furnace Rooms w/ any piece of equipment is and 602.
Construction Type
over 400,000 Btu/hour input - An automatic
II-A sprinkler system is provided, therefore a • Fire retardant-treated wood members shall
separation capable of resisting the passage be allowed at 20’ or more above finished
Allowable Area and Height
of smoke is required per section 508.2.2.1. floor (table 601, exception C).
• Based on A-3 occupancy, type II-A construc-
• Book Drop – 2 Hr fire resistant rated con- Corridors
tion, and fully sprinklered.
struction. • Corridors in sprinklered ‘A’ occupancy build-
• Basic Allowable area – 3-stories and 15,500 sf
ings are not required to be fire rated per
per story
section 1017.1 and table 1017.1.

Roof Coverings ing plan, occupant load, and occupant load way from the room or space. Posted signs
limit shall be provided as part of the plan per shall be of an approved legible permanent
• Per table 1505.1, a class ‘B’ roof covering is
408.2.1. design and shall be maintained by the owner
or authorized agent.
• Fire Apparatus Access Roads – At the discre-
Fire Protection System & Requirements
tion of the Fire Chief, fire apparatus road- • Exit Separation – Where two exits are
• Sprinklering – Section 506.3 requires an au- ways are required to extend within 150 feet required, the distance between exit doors
tomatic sprinkler system to help achieve the of all portions of the facility or any portion must be a distance apart that is a minimum
desired floor area and construction type. An of the exterior wall as measured along an of one-third the diagonal of the area served-
automatic sprinkler system is also required approved access route per an Alaska State per section 1015.2.1, exception 2 for auto-
per Section 903.2.1.3 for fire areas exceed- amendment to IFC 503.1.1. The code official matic sprinkler systems.
ing 12,000 sf and when the fire area has an is authorized to increase the dimension of
• Number of exits – Two exits or exit access
occupant load of 300 or more. The sprinkler 150 feet where the building is sprinkled, or
doorways are required from any space with
system shall be designed to the require- the roads cannot be installed due to topog-
an occupant load greater than 49 per sec-
ments of NFPA 13. raphy.
tion 1015.1.
• Fire Extinguishers – one type 2A, 10BC fire Exiting
• Maximum Travel Distance – 250 feet per
extinguisher is required for each 3,000 sf
• Occupant load – per table 1004.1.1, the table 1016.1.
of floor area with no more than 75 feet of
occupant load is calculated at 300 sf gross
travel distance to an extinguisher per sec- • Maximum Dead End – not to exceed 20 feet
for accessory storage areas and mechani-
tion 906 of the International Fire Code (IFC). per section 1017.3. However, per exception
cal equipment rooms, 7 sf net for assembly
3, a dead-end corridor shall not be limited
• Fire Alarms – An alarm system with manual areas with concentrated and non-fixed chair
in length where the length of the dead-end
pull stations is required per section 907.2.1 seating, 5 net sf for assembly areas with
corridor is less than 2.5 times the least width
where the occupant load is greater than 300. standing space, 15 net sf for unconcentrated
of the dead-end corridor.
The exception to this section allows for the tables and chairs, 100 gross sf for business
pull stations to be eliminated when there is areas, 200 gross sf for kitchens, 50 net sf • Maximum Common Path of Egress Travel – .
an automatic fire extinguishing system. for reading rooms and 100 gross sf for book not to exceed 75 feet per section 1014.3.
• Fire Safety and Evacuation Plan – An ap- stack areas. • Panic Hardware – Panic and fire exit hard-
proved fire safety and evacuation plan is • Occupancy signage – per section 1004.3, ware is required at each means of egress
required per IFC 404.2.1. Employee training every room or space that is an assembly serving an occupant load of 50 or more per
in response procedures is required per Sec- occupancy shall have the occupant load of section 1008.1.9.
tion 406. Quarterly fire drills for employees the room or space posted in a conspicuous • Corridor Width – Corridors may be no less
are required per Table 405.2. A detailed seat- place, near the main exit or exit access door- than 44 inches in width per section 1017.2.

Concept Design Report • 09.02.2010 29

• Emergency Lights & Exit Signs – The entire
building is required to have emergency
lighting and exit signs per section 1006.1
and 1011.1. Exceptions: Approved exit sign
illumination means that provide continuous
illumination independent of external power
sources for duration of not less than 90 min-
utes, in case of primary power loss, are not
required to be connected to an emergency
electrical system per section 1011.5.3.
• Address Numbers – The Fire Chief may
require address numbers plainly visible and
legible from the street.
• Key Boxes – The Fire Chief may require an
approved key box.
Zoning Requirements
Per Zoning requirements for the City and Bor-
ough of Juneau:
• Setbacks - 5’ all sides
• Height Limitations – 35 feet max. (Possible
height increase to 45 feet with CBJ credits,
or with a variance or planned rezoning of
the area).
• Landscaping – Will meet planning and zon-
ing requirements.
• Parking – per City of Juneau Planning
Department with anticipated extension of
Cultural District Overlay (60% reduction).
• Loading zones – 4 required

ECI / Hyer Architecture & Interiors
101 W. Benson Boulevard, Suite 306
Anchorage, Alaska 99503

THA Architecture
733 SW Oak Street, Suite 100
Portland, Oregon 97205