You are on page 1of 5

© National People’s Congress Observer

Legend
• ¢ Unaffected; ¢ Abolished; ¢ Weakened; ¢ Strengthened; ¢ New; ¢ Reassigned.
• { }: ministry or commission (1) that manages the preceding administration or (2) where the executive office (办公室) of the preceding agency is located
• +: function(s) or organization(s) that are absorbed by this organization
• →: organization that absorbs the function(s) of this organization

Ministries and Commissions Under the State Council 国务院组成部⻔


• Ministry of Agriculture (MOA) 7. Ministry of Civil Affairs (MCA)
→ Ministry of Natural Resources → National Health Commission
→ Ministry of Ecological Environment → Ministry of Veterans Affairs
→ Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs → Ministry of Emergency Management
→ Ministry of Transport → State Medical Security Administration
→ Ministry of Emergency Management → State Grain and Reserves Administration
→ State Forestry and Grassland Administration 8. Ministry of Finance (MOF)
• Ministry of Culture (MOC) → Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs
→ Ministry of Culture and Tourism → National Audit Office
• Ministry of Environmental Protection 9. Ministry of Foreign Affairs (MFA)
→ Ministry of Ecological Environment → State International Development and Cooperation Agency
• Ministry of Land and Resources (MLR) 10. Ministry of Housing and Urban-Rural Development (MHURD)
→ Ministry of Natural Resources → Ministry of Natural Resources
→ Ministry of Ecological Environment → State Forestry and Grassland Administration
→ Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs 11. Ministry of Human Resources and Social Security (MURSS)
→ Ministry of Emergency Management → Ministry of Veterans Affairs
→ State Forestry and Grassland Administration → State Medical Security Administration
• Ministry of Supervision 12. Ministry of Industry and Information Technology (MIIT)
→ State Supervision Commission → National Health Commission
• National Health and Family Planning Commission (NHFPC) 13. Ministry of Public Security (MPS)
→ National Health Commission → Ministry of Emergency Management
→ State Medical Security Administration → State Immigration Administration
1. Ministry of Education 14. Ministry of Water Resources (MWR)
2. Ministry of National Defense → Ministry of Natural Resources
3. Ministry of State Security → Ministry of Ecological Environment
4. State Ethnic Affairs Commission → Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs
5. General Office of the State Council → Ministry of Emergency Management
→ Ministry of Emergency Management → State Forestry and Grassland Administration
6. Ministry of Commerce (“MOFCOM”) + South-to-North Water Diversion Project Committee and its Executive
→ State Market Regulatory Administration Office (partially)
→ State International Development and Cooperation Agency + Three Gorges Project Construction Committee of the State Council and
→ State Grain and Reserves Administration its Executive Office
© National People’s Congress Observer
15. National Development and Reform Commission (NDRC) 23. Ministry of Emergency Management (MEM) 应急管理部
→ Ministry of Natural Resources + State Administration of Work Safety (partially)
→ Ministry of Ecological Environment + State Flood Control and Drought Relief Headquarters
→ Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs + National Commission for Disaster Reduction
→ National Audit Office + State Council Earthquake Relief Headquarters
→ State Market Regulatory Administration + State Forest Fire Prevention Headquarters
→ State Medical Security Administration + General Office: emergency management
→ State Grain and Reserves Administration + MPS: fire control management (including the Fire Control Force)
16. Ministry of Justice + MCA: disaster relief
+ Legislative Affairs Office + MLR: prevent and control geological disasters
17. Ministry of Science and Technology (externally aka State + MWR: prevent and control floods and droughts
Administration of Foreign Experts Affairs) (MST) + MOA: grassland fire prevention
+ State Administration of Foreign Experts Affairs + SFA: forest fire prevention (including the People’s Armed Police Forest
18. Ministry of Transport (MOT) Force)
+ MOA: administer the inspection and supervision of fishing vessels + CEA: earthquake emergency rescue
19. National Audit Office 24. Ministry of Natural Resources (externally aka State Oceanic
+ NDRC: audit major projects Administration) (MNR) ⾃然资源部
+ MOF: oversee and inspect the implementation of central budgets and + Ministry of Land and Resources (partially)
other fiscal revenues and expenditures + State Oceanic Administration (partially)
+ SASAC: audit the economic responsibility of the leading cadres of state- + National Administration of Surveying, Mapping and Geoinformation
owned enterprises and the Supervisory Board of Key Large-Scale State- + NDRC: organize the drafting of the plan for main functional areas
owned Enterprises + MHURD: administer urban and rural planning
20. People’s Bank of China (PBOC) + MWR: administer the rights registration and investigation of water
+ CBRC: formulate drafts of important laws and regulations on, and basic resources
schemes of prudential regulation of, the banking industry + MOA: administer the rights registration and investigation of grassland
+ CIRC: formulate drafts of important laws and regulations on, and basic resources
schemes of prudential regulation of, the insurance industry + SFA: administer the rights registration and investigation of forest and
21. Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs 农业农村部 wetland resources
+ NDRC: agricultural investment projects 25. Ministry of Veterans Affairs 退役军⼈事务部
+ MOF: comprehensive agricultural development projects + MCA: provide special care to and resettle veterans
+ MLR: farmland repair + MHRSS: resettle military officers to be transferred to civilian jobs
+ MWR: farmland water conservancy construction projects + Central Military Commission Political Work Department: relevant duties
22. Ministry of Culture and Tourism ⽂化和旅游部 + Central Military Commission Logistic Support Department: relevant
+ Ministry of Culture duties
+ National Tourism Administration
© National People’s Congress Observer
26. Ministry of Ecological Environment (externally aka National Nuclear
Safety Administration) ⽣态环境部 27. National Health Commission 国家卫⽣健康委员会
+ Ministry of Environmental Protection + National Health and Family Planning Commission (partially)
+ NDRC: respond to climate change and reduce carbon emission + Office of the State Council Leading Group on Pharmaceutical and
+ MLR: oversee and prevent underground water pollution Healthcare System Reform {NDRC}
+ MWR: formulate water functional zones, manage setup of pollution + Executive Office of the National Committee on Ageing {MCA}
discharge outlets, and protect the environment of watersheds + MCA: manage the daily work of the National Committee on Ageing and
+ MOA: oversee and guide the control of agricultural non-point source oversee the China Ageing Association
pollution + MIIT: lead the implementation of the Framework Convention on
+ SOA: protect marine environment Tobacco Control
+ SNWD Office: protect the environment of the South-to-North Water + SAWS: oversee and manage occupational safety and health
Diversion Project Area

Special Organization Directly Under the State Council 国务院直属特设机构


• State-owned Assets Supervision and Administration Commission of the State Council (SASAC)
→ National Audit Office

Organizations Directly Under the State Council 国务院直属机构


• China Food and Drug Administration • State Forestry Administration
→ State Market Regulatory Administration → Ministry of Natural Resources
• General Administration of Quality Supervision, Inspection and → Ministry of Emergency Management
Quarantine (AQSIQ) → State Forestry and Grassland Administration
→ State Market Regulatory Administration 1. Counselors’ Office of the State Council
→ General Administration of Customs 2. General Administration of Sport
• National Bureau of Corruption Prevention 3. Government Offices Administration of the State Council
→ State Supervision Commission 4. National Bureau of Statistics
• National Tourism Administration 5. State Administration for Religious Affairs
→ Ministry of Culture and Tourism 6. State Administration of Taxation
• State Administration for Industry and Commerce (SAIC) 7. General Administration of Customs
→ State Market Regulatory Administration + AQSIQ: administer exit-entry inspection and quarantine
• State Administration of Press, Publication, Radio, Film and Television 8. State Intellectual Property Office {SMRA}
(SAPPRFT) + SAIC: administer trademarks
→ State Administration of Radio and Television + AQSIQ: administer geographical indications of origin
• State Administration of Work Safety (SAWS) 9. State Administration of Radio and Television 国家⼲播电视总局
→ National Health Commission + SAPPRFT: regulate radio and television
→ Ministry of Emergency Management
© National People’s Congress Observer
10. State Medical Security Administration 国家医疗保障局 12. State Market Regulatory Administration (externally aka P.R.C.
+ MHRSS: basic medical insurance and maternity insurance for urban Standardization Administration & P.R.C. Certification and
employees and residents Accreditation Administration) (SMRA) 国家市场监督管理总局
+ NHFPC: new rural cooperative medical care + State Administration for Industry and Commerce
+ NDRC: manage pricing of drugs and medical services + China Food and Drug Administration
+ MCA: medical assistance + AQSIQ (including the P.R.C. Standardization Administration and the
11. State International Development and Cooperation Agency P.R.C. Certification and Accreditation Administration)
国家国际发展合作署 + NDRC: price supervision and oversight and anti-monopoly law
+ MOFCOM: duties related to foreign aid enforcement against price-fixing
+ MFA: coordination of foreign aid + MOFCOM: anti-monopoly law enforcement against concentration of
business operators
+ Executive Office of the State Council Anti-Monopoly Commission
{MOFCOM}

Administrative Offices Under the State Council 国务院办事机构


• Legislative Affairs Office of the State Council 1. Hong Kong and Macao Affairs Office of the State Council
→ Ministry of Justice 2. Overseas Chinese Affairs Office of the State Council
3. Research Office of the State Council

Institutions Directly Under the State Council 国务院直属事业单位


• China Banking Regulatory Commission (CBRC) 1. China Meteorological Administration
→ China Banking and Insurance Regulatory Commission 2. China Securities Regulatory Commission
→ People’s Bank of China 3. Chinese Academy of Engineering
• China Insurance Regulatory Commission (CIRC) 4. Chinese Academy of Governance
→ China Banking and Insurance Regulatory Commission 5. Chinese Academy of Sciences
→ People’s Bank of China 6. Chinese Academy of Social Sciences
• China Earthquake Administration {MEM} (CEA) 7. Development Research Center of the State Council
→ Ministry of Emergency Management 8. Xinhua News Agency
• National Council for Social Security Fund 9. China Banking and Insurance Regulatory Commission
→ {Ministry of Finance} 中国银⾏保险监督管理委员会
• National Natural Science Foundation + China Banking Regulatory Commission (partially)
→ {Ministry of Science and Technology} + China Insurance Regulatory Commission (partially)

Administrations and Bureaus Under the Ministries & Commissions 部委管理的国家局


• National Administration of Surveying, Mapping and Geoinformation • State Administration of Foreign Experts Affairs {MHRSS}
{MLR} → Ministry of Science and Technology
→ Ministry of Natural Resources • State Administration of Grain {NDRC}
→ State Grain and Reserves Administration
© National People’s Congress Observer
• State Oceanic Administration {MLR} (SOA) 12. National Energy Administration {NDRC} (NEA)
→ Ministry of Natural Resources → State Grain and Reserves Administration
→ Ministry of Ecological Environment 13. State Drug Administration {SMRA} 国家药品监督管理局
→ State Forestry and Grassland Administration 14. State Forestry and Grassland Administration (aka National Park
1. Civil Aviation Administration of China {MOT} Administration 国家公园管理局) {MNR} 国家林业和草原局
2. National Railway Administration {MOT} + State Forestry Administration (partially)
3. State Administration of Cultural Heritage {MOC}* + MOA: oversee and manage grasslands
4. State Administration of Foreign Exchange {PBOC} + MLR, MHURD, MWR, MOA, SOA: administer nature reserves, scenic
5. State Administration of Science, Technology and Industry for National areas, natural heritages, and geological parks
Defense {MIIT} 15. State Grain and Reserves Administration {NDRC}
6. State Bureau for Letters and Calls {General Office} 国家粮⻝和物资储备局
7. State Bureau of Civil Servants {MHRSS} + State Administration of Grain
8. State Post Bureau {MOT} + NDRC: organize the implementation of the storage, rotation, and
9. State Tobacco Monopoly Administration {MIIT} management of State strategic reserves and manage State grain, cotton,
10. State Administration of Coal Mine Safety {AQSIQ} and sugar reserves
→ {Ministry of Emergency Management} + MCA, MOFCOM, NEA: organize the implementation of the storage,
11. State Administration of Traditional Chinese Medicine {NHFPC} rotation, and daily management of State strategic and emergency reserves
→ {National Health Commission} 16. State Immigration Administration {MPS} 国家移⺠管理局
+ MPS: exist-entry administration and immigration inspection

Deliberation and Coordination Agencies Under the State Council (ONLY THOSE AFFECTED ARE SHOWN) 国务院议事协调机构
1. Executive Office of the State Council Leading Group on 6. State Forest Fire Prevention Headquarters {SFA}
Pharmaceutical and Healthcare System Reform {NDRC} → Ministry of Emergency Management
→ National Health Commission 7. Three Gorges Project Construction Committee of the State Council
2. National Commission for Disaster Reduction {MCA} and Its Executive Office
→ Ministry of Emergency Management → Ministry of Water Resources
3. South-to-North Water Diversion Project Committee of the State 8. National Committee on Ageing
Council → {National Health Commission}
→ Ministry of Water Resources Executive Office thereof {MCA}
Executive Office thereof (“SNWD Office”) → National Health Commission
→ Ministry of Ecological Environment 9. State Council Anti-Monopoly Commission
→ Ministry of Water Resources → {State Market Regulatory Administration}
4. State Council Earthquake Relief Headquarters {CEA} Executive Office thereof {MOFCOM}
→ Ministry of Emergency Management → State Market Regulatory Administration
5. State Flood Control and Drought Relief Headquarters {MWR} 10. State Council Food Safety Commission {CFDA}
→ Ministry of Emergency Management → {State Market Regulatory Administration}

*
The State Council Institutional Reform Plan implies that the State Administration of Cultural Heritage will accordingly be managed by the new Ministry of Culture and Tourism.