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like a species on the brink of

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extinction most big cities just<font color="#E5E5E5"> don't</font>

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work anymore now at the dawn of a new

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millennium<font color="#E5E5E5"> architects city planners and</font>

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futurists are all asking what's<font color="#E5E5E5"> next</font>

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in Tokyo<font color="#E5E5E5"> plans already exist that will</font>

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change the<font color="#E5E5E5"> way people live</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> 50 100


even</font>
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500 years from now

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<font color="#CCCCCC">skycity two-thirds of a mile high</font>

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twice the height of<font color="#E5E5E5"> the tallest</font>

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skyscraper today

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with homes and jobs for hundreds of

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thousands<font color="#E5E5E5"> of pioneers the world's first</font>

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<font color="#E5E5E5">homesteaders in the sky</font>

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but can<font color="#E5E5E5"> it be built</font>

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and would<font color="#CCCCCC"> it be safe</font>

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with skycity be the metropolis of<font color="#CCCCCC"> the</font>

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future or a death trap in the sky

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<font color="#E5E5E5">Tokyo Japan home to more than 12 million</font>

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people

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like any great city today it's

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<font color="#E5E5E5">jam-packed with concrete glass and steel</font>

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a painful sacrifice for a<font color="#E5E5E5"> people who</font>

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consider trees sacred but a visionary

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architects have their way all that will

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be<font color="#E5E5E5"> replaced by this</font>

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a building that creates new green space

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indoors

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it's called<font color="#CCCCCC"> Sky City and at two-thirds</font>


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of a mile high<font color="#E5E5E5"> it would be by far</font><font color="#CCCCCC">


the</font>

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tallest building in the world which of

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all the biggest<font color="#CCCCCC"> difference is that we're</font>

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not<font color="#E5E5E5"> trying to make a building or deep</font>

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<font color="#CCCCCC">rata a vertical City a radically new</font>

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urban landscape with a<font color="#E5E5E5"> total interior</font>

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space as large as 23<font color="#CCCCCC"> Disneyland's</font>


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<font color="#CCCCCC">skycity resembles a stack of</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> 14


hollow</font>

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bowls called space plateaus

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in each a lush green<font color="#CCCCCC"> open-air park space</font>

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and a revolutionary<font color="#CCCCCC"> new transportation</font>

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<font color="#E5E5E5">system to speed residents and visitors</font>

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among the 10-story high rises that

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winning each<font color="#E5E5E5"> plateau</font>


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inside condos hotels shops restaurants

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offices entertainment and sports

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complexes making it possible to live

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from cradle to grave without ever

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setting foot on mother earth

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compared to other tall structures like

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the 1000 foot<font color="#CCCCCC"> eiffel tower sky city</font>


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seems too big to believe but for the

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idealized city of the future size

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definitely matters especially given the

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scale of Tokyo's urban problems a<font color="#CCCCCC"> high</font>

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<font color="#CCCCCC">voltage city that's suffocating from</font>

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overcrowding Tokyo<font color="#CCCCCC"> has grown too large</font>

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<font color="#CCCCCC">too quickly 240 square miles of urban</font>

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sprawl has created a commuting nightmare

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millions<font color="#CCCCCC"> crowded two trains each day</font>

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most<font color="#E5E5E5"> Tokyo residents</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> spend two


to</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> four</font>

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hours<font color="#CCCCCC"> every day traveling to and from</font>

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work

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that's 20 hours a week a<font color="#E5E5E5"> total of five</font>

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years stolen from their lives

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in first a tiny topic that's

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unproductive time instead<font color="#CCCCCC"> of</font><font color="#E5E5E5">


spending</font>

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time creatively people are wasting their

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lives climbing which is why<font color="#E5E5E5"> Sky City</font>

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<font color="#E5E5E5">envisions a new urban landscape</font>

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a city of<font color="#CCCCCC"> the future carved out of thin</font>

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air

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but where can you put a building this

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large in one of<font color="#E5E5E5"> the world's</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> most


crowded</font>

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cities with a footprint of 30 acres Sky

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City would effectively condemn 120 tokyo

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city blocks possibly erasing centuries

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of Japanese heritage

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it attempts<font color="#E5E5E5"> to anticipate the needs of</font>

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tomorrow<font color="#E5E5E5"> today</font>

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but it's also among the<font color="#E5E5E5"> biggest economic</font>

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<font color="#E5E5E5">gambled not many would have the stomach</font>

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to attempt such a drastic solution to

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the Tokyo<font color="#E5E5E5"> land crunch</font>

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but here at the<font color="#E5E5E5"> Mori building company in</font>

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Tokyo urban planners are determined to

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think big

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they're waging a ferocious battle to

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remake their city

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and looking to win over Tokyo citizens

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with a PR<font color="#CCCCCC"> campaign as radical as</font><font color="#E5E5E5">


their</font>

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building design offering virtual

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helicopter rides over a<font color="#CCCCCC"> 1 1000 scale</font>

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model of downtown Tokyo

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strapped into special vibrating seats

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visitors watch a live video feed as they

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soar over the city for an all too vivid

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view of Tokyo's land crutch

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<font color="#E5E5E5">it gets the point across</font>

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tokio can use some breathing room

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<font color="#CCCCCC">liddell there's very little open space</font>


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in Tokyo<font color="#E5E5E5"> the roads and streets are very</font>

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narrow community parks aren't very big

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these problems<font color="#CCCCCC"> are a serious burden on</font>

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the city because Sky City<font color="#E5E5E5"> would expand</font>

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upward not upward it could be<font color="#CCCCCC"> the first</font>

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step in shrinking Tokyo's concrete

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jungle plans call for creating a<font color="#E5E5E5"> series</font>


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of new parks surrounding the monstrous

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new structure less concrete and more

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trees means lower temperatures and

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reduced pollution more a company is

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clearing<font color="#CCCCCC"> the way for super towers like</font>

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<font color="#CCCCCC">Sky City</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> with the first generation</font>

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vertical City called Roppongi Hills

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a 54<font color="#E5E5E5"> story skyscraper but it's also a</font>

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self-contained complex then includes

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apartments a subway station a hotel a

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movie theater a television studio shops

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<font color="#E5E5E5">and public spaces like Sky City Roppongi</font>

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Hills will be a city within a city and

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while not contained under just one roof

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it had<font color="#E5E5E5"> to conquer the same tough land</font>

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problems not long ago<font color="#E5E5E5"> 500 single-family</font>

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homes cram this small corner of Tokyo

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packed so tightly city fire trucks

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couldn't squeeze onto the streets

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maury company spent 14 years convincing

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landowners to gamble everything they had

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to remake their neighborhood although


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the walls were there be able to make<font color="#E5E5E5"> a</font>

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self-contained town within the city and

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a little by doing<font color="#E5E5E5"> that people can work</font>

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there they<font color="#CCCCCC"> can live there that they can</font>

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shop there and spend more time relaxing

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with the promise of more modern housing

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a shorter commute and an all-around


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better life more a company persuaded

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residents to relocate during

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construction then move back<font color="#E5E5E5"> in when</font>

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Roppongi is<font color="#CCCCCC"> completed on the same land</font>

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that once held just 500 houses<font color="#E5E5E5"> 2,000</font>

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residents will live in their<font color="#CCCCCC"> own micro</font>

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City right in the heart of Tokyo

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Roppongi Hills is a monumental

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achievement

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and yet

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<font color="#CCCCCC">skycity will go so much farther</font>

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transforming the same<font color="#CCCCCC"> amount of land</font>

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into a total urban environment for

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135,000

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but finding enough land may be the least

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of sky city's problems

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tokyo's loose sandy soil may not be firm

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enough<font color="#CCCCCC"> to support a structure this large</font>

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<font color="#CCCCCC">skycity would tip the scales at six</font>

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million tons the combined weight of

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every man<font color="#CCCCCC"> woman and child in japan it</font>

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would be<font color="#E5E5E5"> the heaviest structure ever</font>


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built in<font color="#CCCCCC"> asia</font>

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a risky business on the unstable soil

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that was once the<font color="#E5E5E5"> bottom of an ocean</font>

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sitting<font color="#E5E5E5"> on Sandy sediment skycity would</font>

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be at exponentially greater risk thanks

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to the single most horrifying disaster

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looming over Tokyo


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earthquake

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<font color="#E5E5E5">tokyo's worst earthquakes wreak havoc</font>

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even moderate earthquakes here bring

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buildings down

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here at the<font color="#E5E5E5"> Tuck anaka Research</font>

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Institute engineers are<font color="#E5E5E5"> looking for ways</font>

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<font color="#E5E5E5">to safeguard such an enormous building</font>

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khalakka<font color="#E5E5E5"> know one of the biggest</font>

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questions was can<font color="#CCCCCC"> we build something</font>

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this<font color="#E5E5E5"> tall safely</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> are you done by the</font>

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building<font color="#E5E5E5"> that</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> would be three


times</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> the</font>

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size of the tallest<font color="#E5E5E5"> structure in Japan</font>

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Johnny okina point or they re must

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deep underground this 150 ton g-force

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simulator reproduces the load of

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enormous buildings on different<font color="#E5E5E5"> types of</font>

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<font color="#E5E5E5">soil this simple acrylic box will</font>

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simulate the total weight<font color="#E5E5E5"> of a 20-story</font>

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office tower built on<font color="#E5E5E5"> packed sand</font>

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as the centrifuge accelerates it can

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produce<font color="#E5E5E5"> 200 times the force of gravity</font>

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in this experiment a simulated

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earthquake forced the model to move one

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sixteenth of an inch invisible to the

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naked eye but the same test suggests

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that a six million<font color="#E5E5E5"> ton building could</font>

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shift a whopping 100 feet enough to

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possibly destabilize the huge structure

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and bring it crashing down so how<font color="#E5E5E5"> could</font>


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engineers protect sky city and over a

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hundred thousand people from a

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catastrophic collapse

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in some parts<font color="#CCCCCC"> of the world builders</font>

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quake-proof their skyscrapers<font color="#CCCCCC"> by digging</font>

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through rule of soil setting their

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foundation on solid bedrock below


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but in Tokyo that's not an option

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because<font color="#E5E5E5"> bedrock is simply out of reach</font>

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builders would have to excavate through

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many layers of soil before hitting rock

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bottom more than<font color="#E5E5E5"> a mile and a half down</font>

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creating an 800 story basement least<font color="#E5E5E5"> so</font>

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<font color="#E5E5E5">taka</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> nukka scientists experimented


with</font>
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<font color="#CCCCCC">an alternative to digging such a massive</font>

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hole<font color="#E5E5E5"> in the ground</font>

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they would drill thousands<font color="#E5E5E5"> of smaller</font>

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shallow tubes and fill them with

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concrete

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called friction piles they grip the

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earth like the fingers of a<font color="#CCCCCC"> Titan</font>

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and in this way<font color="#CCCCCC"> skycity six million tons</font>

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of downward pressure would<font color="#E5E5E5"> become its</font>

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own immovable anchor

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<font color="#CCCCCC">that took care</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> of below the ground</font>

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still what could possibly<font color="#CCCCCC"> provide</font><font color="#E5E5E5">


enough</font>

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stability for a building<font color="#CCCCCC"> to rise 3300</font>

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<font color="#CCCCCC">feet into the sky</font>

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the answer may already be under

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construction in Taiwan it's called

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<font color="#E5E5E5">Taipei 101</font>

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when<font color="#CCCCCC"> finished it will be</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> the tallest


and</font>

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the strongest skyscraper in the world

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it will soar to a record-setting 1667

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feet

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the only half the<font color="#E5E5E5"> size of</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> Sky City it</font>

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may provide a proving ground for its

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most critical structural component<font color="#E5E5E5"> it's</font>

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mega columns

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these muscular legs reinforce the entire

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structure

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what strength like this doesn't come

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cheap each mega column is forged from

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uncommon<font color="#CCCCCC"> lee heavy three-inch thick</font>

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<font color="#E5E5E5">steel plate</font>

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massively larger sky<font color="#E5E5E5"> cities columns will</font>

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require more<font color="#CCCCCC"> than 500 million</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> a runs


its</font>

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appeal each

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at a cost of 250 million dollars per

00:16:02,929 --> 00:16:09,799


column with six<font color="#E5E5E5"> massive columns to build</font>

00:16:07,159 --> 00:16:12,909

that means a total of three billion

00:16:09,799 --> 00:16:12,909

pounds<font color="#E5E5E5"> of</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> Steel</font>

00:16:13,899 --> 00:16:18,100

it would take<font color="#E5E5E5"> a single mill almost</font><font color="#CCCCCC">


12</font>

00:16:16,539 --> 00:16:20,519

and a half years to produce that much

00:16:18,100 --> 00:16:20,519

Steve

00:16:21,389 --> 00:16:26,340

so instead sky city will consume<font color="#E5E5E5"> the</font>

00:16:24,330 --> 00:16:28,610


output of a global<font color="#E5E5E5"> network of steel</font>

00:16:26,340 --> 00:16:28,610

mills

00:16:36,669 --> 00:16:42,009

day after day year after year this will

00:16:39,759 --> 00:16:43,840

<font color="#E5E5E5">be the seed as factories around the</font>

00:16:42,009 --> 00:16:46,939

world strained to produce enough

00:16:43,840 --> 00:16:49,690

<font color="#E5E5E5">high-strength steel for the structure</font>

00:16:46,940 --> 00:16:52,790

enough to build 36 aircraft carriers

00:16:49,690 --> 00:16:55,270


<font color="#E5E5E5">three times the number in</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> the entire
US</font>

00:16:52,789 --> 00:16:55,269

fleet

00:16:56,850 --> 00:17:03,500

each 20,000 pound block of superheated

00:16:59,879 --> 00:17:03,500

or enters the milling machinery

00:17:09,799 --> 00:17:16,240

the metal has<font color="#E5E5E5"> to go from this to this</font>

00:17:12,700 --> 00:17:16,240

before<font color="#CCCCCC"> it cools</font>

00:17:18,380 --> 00:17:25,280

at 2,000 degrees<font color="#CCCCCC"> Fahrenheit</font><font color="#E5E5E5">


the</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> raw</font>

00:17:21,259 --> 00:17:27,349


steel is just soft enough for molding

00:17:25,279 --> 00:17:29,539

but the water that keeps it free from

00:17:27,349 --> 00:17:31,990

impurities also robs the steel of

00:17:29,539 --> 00:17:31,990

pressure

00:17:33,430 --> 00:17:38,340

and after only four minutes<font color="#E5E5E5"> in the</font>

00:17:35,319 --> 00:17:41,460

searing crucible the metal sheds nearly

00:17:38,339 --> 00:17:41,459

<font color="#CCCCCC">1,000 degrees</font>

00:17:44,109 --> 00:17:51,058

but it also reaches its final size a 20


1

00:17:47,500 --> 00:17:51,058

by five foot steel plate

00:17:53,910 --> 00:18:00,380

each enormous<font color="#CCCCCC"> skycity column will call</font>

00:17:56,819 --> 00:18:00,379

for thousands of plates like this

00:18:03,410 --> 00:18:07,070

two days later<font color="#E5E5E5"> when the plates have</font>

00:18:05,539 --> 00:18:10,490

finally cooled to room temperature

00:18:07,069 --> 00:18:13,869

they'll face the fire again this time

00:18:10,490 --> 00:18:13,870

from welders torches


1

00:18:15,230 --> 00:18:21,089

there's no<font color="#E5E5E5"> margin for error in</font>

00:18:17,519 --> 00:18:24,730

assembling these mega columns no room

00:18:21,089 --> 00:18:29,980

<font color="#E5E5E5">for even microscopic imperfection</font>

00:18:24,730 --> 00:18:33,450

the column could collapse putting tens

00:18:29,980 --> 00:18:33,450

of thousands of lives at risk

00:18:36,019 --> 00:18:41,410

to avert disaster<font color="#CCCCCC"> Builders can't take</font>

00:18:39,380 --> 00:18:41,410

chances

1
00:18:46,349 --> 00:18:51,119

the weakest<font color="#E5E5E5"> links in any steel structure</font>

00:18:48,960 --> 00:18:55,579

are the street below<font color="#E5E5E5"> Georgia rock-solid</font>

00:18:51,119 --> 00:18:55,579

<font color="#CCCCCC">hole from so many enormous parts</font>

00:18:58,630 --> 00:19:05,289

so when<font color="#CCCCCC"> art of welders takes over</font>

00:19:02,710 --> 00:19:07,750

their weapons<font color="#CCCCCC"> tortures and</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> mess</font>

00:19:05,288 --> 00:19:11,220

commodities of white-hot<font color="#E5E5E5"> sutter burning</font>

00:19:07,750 --> 00:19:11,220

at more than 8,000<font color="#CCCCCC"> degrees</font>

00:19:12,509 --> 00:19:19,220


these workers toil roulette one joint

00:19:15,930 --> 00:19:19,220

could ever fail

00:19:21,579 --> 00:19:27,609

donning heavy protective gear and 130

00:19:24,849 --> 00:19:31,319

they squeeze themselves inside the oven

00:19:27,609 --> 00:19:31,319

like columns to finish the job

00:19:35,460 --> 00:19:43,380

in a final step sting 100 screw shave

00:19:38,909 --> 00:19:46,550

each piece power<font color="#E5E5E5"> one and the bullets</font>

00:19:43,380 --> 00:19:48,519

edges to win<font color="#E5E5E5"> fit fit</font>


1

00:19:46,549 --> 00:19:51,329

Oh

00:19:48,519 --> 00:19:51,329

and above

00:19:53,750 --> 00:20:00,980

at 80 tons each the finished columns

00:19:56,650 --> 00:20:03,290

more than<font color="#E5E5E5"> legos when stacked one on top</font>

00:20:00,980 --> 00:20:05,660

another ultimately forming the massive

00:20:03,289 --> 00:20:08,500

mega columns<font color="#E5E5E5"> that give taipei 101</font><font color="#CCCCCC">


its</font>

00:20:05,660 --> 00:20:08,500

tremendous<font color="#E5E5E5"> strength</font>


1

00:20:10,079 --> 00:20:15,269

to support sky<font color="#E5E5E5"> city's overwhelming</font>

00:20:12,839 --> 00:20:17,788

height and weight<font color="#CCCCCC"> it's mega columns will</font>

00:20:15,269 --> 00:20:22,558

have to be at least<font color="#E5E5E5"> four times larger at</font>

00:20:17,788 --> 00:20:25,349

the base so massive that no existing

00:20:22,558 --> 00:20:27,089

factory could fabricate them and no

00:20:25,349 --> 00:20:29,898

truck could transport them to the

00:20:27,089 --> 00:20:29,898

<font color="#E5E5E5">construction</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> site</font>


1

00:20:31,558 --> 00:20:37,950

so the<font color="#E5E5E5"> factory will have to come to Sky</font>

00:20:34,378 --> 00:20:40,048

City using new automated construction

00:20:37,950 --> 00:20:43,980

technologies to build the mega columns

00:20:40,048 --> 00:20:45,418

from the ground up right on<font color="#E5E5E5"> site can set</font>

00:20:43,980 --> 00:20:47,069

Selena Perrini<font color="#E5E5E5"> we're counting on the</font>

00:20:45,419 --> 00:20:48,720

fact that the construction process will

00:20:47,069 --> 00:20:51,388

benefit from new developments and

1
00:20:48,720 --> 00:20:53,429

robotics allowing us to work tonight

00:20:51,388 --> 00:20:57,089

that's how we'll build this building any

00:20:53,429 --> 00:21:00,419

guidance it's called the big canopy a

00:20:57,089 --> 00:21:03,259

self rising all-weather roof already in

00:21:00,419 --> 00:21:03,259

use in Japan

00:21:05,089 --> 00:21:12,220

with this sky<font color="#E5E5E5"> city's massive columns</font>

00:21:08,119 --> 00:21:12,219

could finally be constructed

00:21:16,000 --> 00:21:21,670


for massive hydraulic jacks always keep

00:21:19,359 --> 00:21:24,449

the factory roof one step ahead of the

00:21:21,670 --> 00:21:24,450

Rising building

00:21:27,440 --> 00:21:32,929

a giant elevator delivers prefabricated

00:21:30,319 --> 00:21:35,509

floor and column sections up to the

00:21:32,929 --> 00:21:38,530

computer<font color="#CCCCCC"> control cranes that</font><font color="#E5E5E5">


actually</font>

00:21:35,509 --> 00:21:41,150

put the building<font color="#CCCCCC"> together</font>

00:21:38,529 --> 00:21:43,549


reading the unique barcode stamped on

00:21:41,150 --> 00:21:46,960

each the crane automatically directs

00:21:43,549 --> 00:21:46,960

<font color="#E5E5E5">them to their final position</font>

00:21:48,230 --> 00:21:55,819

all<font color="#E5E5E5"> according to</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> a predetermined


master</font>

00:21:51,019 --> 00:21:58,910

plan with the Computers humming 24 hours

00:21:55,819 --> 00:22:01,279

a day the job practically runs it<font color="#E5E5E5"> saving</font>

00:21:58,910 --> 00:22:04,820

precious time and millions<font color="#E5E5E5"> of dollars</font>

00:22:01,279 --> 00:22:07,160


and on a structure the size of<font color="#CCCCCC"> sky city</font>

00:22:04,819 --> 00:22:09,619

it would take<font color="#E5E5E5"> technology like the big</font>

00:22:07,160 --> 00:22:14,240

canopy to raise its super columns into

00:22:09,619 --> 00:22:17,869

<font color="#E5E5E5">the clouds but to complete the rest of</font>

00:22:14,240 --> 00:22:20,829

the building they'll needed<font color="#CCCCCC"> Armada of</font>

00:22:17,869 --> 00:22:20,829

super cranes

00:22:21,480 --> 00:22:26,660

able to live huge loads to dizzying

00:22:24,269 --> 00:22:26,660

heights
1

00:22:27,039 --> 00:22:33,869

cranes like these used to build taipei

00:22:30,250 --> 00:22:33,869

101 in<font color="#E5E5E5"> taiwan</font>

00:22:34,909 --> 00:22:41,299

at<font color="#E5E5E5"> 56 floors it already dwarfs every</font>

00:22:38,269 --> 00:22:45,308

other skyscraper in the city and still

00:22:41,298 --> 00:22:45,308

has another 45 floors to<font color="#CCCCCC"> go</font>

00:22:48,029 --> 00:22:53,160

finished it will stand taller than the

00:22:50,529 --> 00:22:53,160

surrounding mountains
1

00:22:54,599 --> 00:22:59,329

in many<font color="#CCCCCC"> ways it's a dry run for Sky City</font>

00:23:00,419 --> 00:23:08,730

because both structures face the same

00:23:02,700 --> 00:23:13,889

peril here on the Pacific Rim<font color="#E5E5E5"> known as</font>

00:23:08,730 --> 00:23:16,108

the Ring of Fire a geologically unstable

00:23:13,888 --> 00:23:25,888

region where a sudden earthquake is a

00:23:16,108 --> 00:23:28,138

constant threat imagine<font color="#CCCCCC"> skycity at</font>

00:23:25,888 --> 00:23:30,449

two-thirds of a mile high<font color="#E5E5E5"> in</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> the


middle</font>
1

00:23:28,138 --> 00:23:33,329

<font color="#E5E5E5">of Tokyo</font>

00:23:30,450 --> 00:23:35,309

what if disaster<font color="#E5E5E5"> struck bucking workers</font>

00:23:33,329 --> 00:23:38,939

tools and materials from the unfinished

00:23:35,309 --> 00:23:42,899

building that's<font color="#CCCCCC"> exactly what happened</font>

00:23:38,940 --> 00:23:46,289

<font color="#CCCCCC">here in Taiwan in march two thousand to</font>

00:23:42,900 --> 00:23:50,519

a major earthquake 6.8 on the richter

00:23:46,289 --> 00:23:52,769

scale struck snapping<font color="#E5E5E5"> two cranes like</font>

1
00:23:50,519 --> 00:23:55,349

twigs

00:23:52,769 --> 00:23:57,740

and sending<font color="#E5E5E5"> them crashing 60 floors to</font>

00:23:55,349 --> 00:23:57,740

the street below

00:23:58,220 --> 00:24:01,548

killing four people

00:24:05,319 --> 00:24:10,689

that catastrophe is never far from the

00:24:07,839 --> 00:24:13,449

thoughts of these workers who tackle the

00:24:10,690 --> 00:24:16,000

<font color="#E5E5E5">most perilous job on the</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> cycle


muscling</font>

1
00:24:13,450 --> 00:24:18,120

the 80 ton columns up the side of the

00:24:16,000 --> 00:24:18,119

building

00:24:32,089 --> 00:24:37,459

like pilots checking their plane before

00:24:34,400 --> 00:24:40,850

takeoff they inspect and examine every

00:24:37,460 --> 00:24:45,460

detail<font color="#E5E5E5"> before hoisting 160,000 pounds</font>

00:24:40,849 --> 00:24:45,459

nearly one quarter of<font color="#CCCCCC"> a mile in the air</font>

00:24:49,308 --> 00:24:54,599

after signing off they pass control to

00:24:52,500 --> 00:24:59,298


<font color="#E5E5E5">the crane operator a thousand feet above</font>

00:24:54,599 --> 00:24:59,298

a man they can't<font color="#E5E5E5"> even see</font>

00:25:05,349 --> 00:25:12,009

but the giant column is only part of the

00:25:07,808 --> 00:25:15,308

crane operators Burton he's also

00:25:12,009 --> 00:25:18,339

wrestling with braided steel cable<font color="#CCCCCC"> 2,000</font>

00:25:15,308 --> 00:25:20,819

feet<font color="#E5E5E5"> of it weighing an incredible 20,000</font>

00:25:18,339 --> 00:25:20,819

pounds

00:25:24,798 --> 00:25:30,230

lifting this much steel takes nerves of


1

00:25:28,140 --> 00:25:33,080

steel

00:25:30,230 --> 00:25:35,120

with the<font color="#E5E5E5"> precision of a neurosurgeon the</font>

00:25:33,079 --> 00:25:38,619

crane operator keeps his<font color="#E5E5E5"> massive payload</font>

00:25:35,119 --> 00:25:38,619

balanced and steady

00:25:38,950 --> 00:25:45,110

just one miscalculation could lead to

00:25:41,690 --> 00:25:48,500

disaster sending a hunt tons of steel

00:25:45,109 --> 00:25:50,479

flying out<font color="#CCCCCC"> of control and one-half mile</font>


1

00:25:48,500 --> 00:25:54,130

<font color="#E5E5E5">or more of heavy cable ripping through</font>

00:25:50,480 --> 00:25:54,130

<font color="#CCCCCC">the air like a giant's bullwhip</font>

00:25:55,430 --> 00:26:00,200

an accident of<font color="#E5E5E5"> this magnitude at skycity</font>

00:25:57,740 --> 00:26:04,420

could send a column the size of a

00:26:00,200 --> 00:26:04,420

five-story to terrify into a nosedive

00:26:10,470 --> 00:26:17,509

but even<font color="#CCCCCC"> a small problem could bring</font>

00:26:13,138 --> 00:26:19,639

<font color="#E5E5E5">instruction process to a grinding halt</font>

1
00:26:17,509 --> 00:26:22,129

if workers at<font color="#CCCCCC"> the top were to spot a</font>

00:26:19,640 --> 00:26:24,440

loose<font color="#E5E5E5"> bow to a steel plate the crane</font>

00:26:22,130 --> 00:26:25,929

operator would have to hop the column in

00:26:24,440 --> 00:26:28,149

midair

00:26:25,929 --> 00:26:30,278

leaving a deadly load dangling

00:26:28,148 --> 00:26:32,489

perilously over the heads<font color="#E5E5E5"> of workers</font>

00:26:30,278 --> 00:26:32,490

below

00:26:34,259 --> 00:26:41,059


without stopping it takes<font color="#CCCCCC"> 10</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> minutes
for</font>

00:26:37,319 --> 00:26:41,059

<font color="#E5E5E5">a column to clear the top floor</font>

00:26:45,430 --> 00:26:53,410

now more<font color="#CCCCCC"> than ever easy does it</font>

00:26:49,730 --> 00:26:58,329

as the men<font color="#E5E5E5"> carefully pull twist and</font>

00:26:53,410 --> 00:26:58,330

nudge the huge section into position

00:27:00,400 --> 00:27:06,009

while three men<font color="#CCCCCC"> actually stand directly</font>

00:27:03,009 --> 00:27:10,589

below waiting to<font color="#E5E5E5"> make the final</font>

00:27:06,009 --> 00:27:10,589


connection from the inside

00:27:11,048 --> 00:27:17,798

encased in a potential steel coffin they

00:27:13,989 --> 00:27:20,548

have only one escape route a cramped

00:27:17,798 --> 00:27:20,548

hole at the top

00:27:21,900 --> 00:27:29,550

mission accomplished next a team<font color="#E5E5E5"> of</font>

00:27:26,558 --> 00:27:29,549

welders goes to work

00:27:31,788 --> 00:27:37,128

and for 48 hours around the clock they

00:27:34,788 --> 00:27:39,408


secure this<font color="#E5E5E5"> 80</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> tons section to its
base</font>

00:27:37,128 --> 00:27:42,129

until it's part of the super columns

00:27:39,409 --> 00:27:45,250

seamless body

00:27:42,130 --> 00:27:48,110

it will take<font color="#E5E5E5"> 500 columns like these to</font>

00:27:45,250 --> 00:27:52,599

top off<font color="#CCCCCC"> taipei 101</font>

00:27:48,109 --> 00:27:52,599

at 1667 feet

00:27:53,339 --> 00:27:58,939

a challenge to those who dream<font color="#CCCCCC"> of</font>

00:27:55,710 --> 00:27:58,940


building<font color="#E5E5E5"> even bigger</font>

00:28:00,490 --> 00:28:03,569

like Sky City

00:28:04,710 --> 00:28:10,028

<font color="#CCCCCC">skycity would make history not only for</font>

00:28:07,450 --> 00:28:14,919

its<font color="#E5E5E5"> mammoth size but its design would be</font>

00:28:10,028 --> 00:28:19,679

equally radical and unprecedented unlike

00:28:14,919 --> 00:28:19,679

any normal skyscraper anywhere

00:28:22,619 --> 00:28:27,829

most are framed by a lattice of cross

00:28:25,079 --> 00:28:27,829

beams and pillars


1

00:28:30,150 --> 00:28:37,870

but<font color="#CCCCCC"> skycity would have no such interior</font>

00:28:33,279 --> 00:28:40,389

web of rigid supports in fact it's 14

00:28:37,869 --> 00:28:43,058

open<font color="#E5E5E5"> space plateaus with each platform</font>

00:28:40,390 --> 00:28:47,370

larger than a football stadium make the

00:28:43,058 --> 00:28:47,369

immense building almost<font color="#E5E5E5"> entirely hollow</font>

00:28:47,429 --> 00:28:53,890

it seems impossible<font color="#E5E5E5"> how to support our</font>

00:28:51,700 --> 00:28:55,750

over buildings<font color="#E5E5E5"> engineers off its strong</font>


1

00:28:53,890 --> 00:28:57,809

enough<font color="#CCCCCC"> to serve as floor to the level</font>

00:28:55,750 --> 00:28:57,808

above

00:29:00,819 --> 00:29:08,678

once again builders in<font color="#E5E5E5"> Taiwan may hold</font>

00:29:03,669 --> 00:29:11,559

the key in taipei 101 engineers faced a

00:29:08,679 --> 00:29:13,899

similar challenge how to cover a massive

00:29:11,558 --> 00:29:19,109

open<font color="#CCCCCC"> atrium without introducing pillars</font>

00:29:13,898 --> 00:29:19,109

or other supports their solution

1
00:29:20,190 --> 00:29:30,480

an<font color="#CCCCCC"> enormous space</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> dress 250 feet


long</font>

00:29:25,190 --> 00:29:34,080

weighing 1,800 tons and shaped like the

00:29:30,480 --> 00:29:37,788

<font color="#E5E5E5">ribcage of a dragon an important symbol</font>

00:29:34,079 --> 00:29:37,788

of power and luck in Chinese culture

00:29:40,089 --> 00:29:45,459

when builders remove the scaffolding

00:29:42,400 --> 00:29:49,669

this steel and glass roof will soar nine

00:29:45,460 --> 00:29:52,079

<font color="#CCCCCC">storeys above</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> an indoor public


square</font>

1
00:29:49,669 --> 00:29:56,880

mega dresses like this<font color="#E5E5E5"> one could keep</font>

00:29:52,079 --> 00:30:00,259

sky city's interior spaces open but on a

00:29:56,880 --> 00:30:00,259

vastly larger scale

00:30:02,009 --> 00:30:08,849

<font color="#CCCCCC">skycity would require 14 monster trusses</font>

00:30:05,409 --> 00:30:13,890

as much as three times longer and

00:30:08,849 --> 00:30:13,889

weighing nearly 10,000 tons each

00:30:15,660 --> 00:30:19,920

as the structure<font color="#CCCCCC"> of each</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> plateau is</font>

00:30:17,880 --> 00:30:23,030


finished workers<font color="#E5E5E5"> would begin building</font>

00:30:19,920 --> 00:30:23,029

<font color="#E5E5E5">the interior spaces</font>

00:30:23,470 --> 00:30:30,850

residents could begin to<font color="#E5E5E5"> move in even</font>

00:30:26,839 --> 00:30:30,849

while construction continued overhead

00:30:31,240 --> 00:30:36,880

dick<font color="#E5E5E5"> Stockton</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> Cara sky do as</font><font


color="#E5E5E5"> soon as a</font>

00:30:34,250 --> 00:30:40,150

plateau is finished it will be habitable

00:30:36,880 --> 00:30:42,500

so we want<font color="#E5E5E5"> to live ng grows taller</font>

00:30:40,150 --> 00:30:48,080


rhetorically title you can you<font color="#E5E5E5"> can I</font>

00:30:42,500 --> 00:30:50,630

<font color="#E5E5E5">demuth the completion of each plateau</font>

00:30:48,079 --> 00:30:53,119

would create an entire new community

00:30:50,630 --> 00:30:58,330

with more apartments designer shops

00:30:53,119 --> 00:30:58,329

<font color="#CCCCCC">Jim's cineplexes and elegant restaurants</font>

00:31:01,529 --> 00:31:07,220

but the looming potential for disaster

00:31:03,720 --> 00:31:07,220

grows with height

00:31:10,339 --> 00:31:18,649

some dangers are almost too terrifying


1

00:31:12,829 --> 00:31:22,658

to contemplate while others<font color="#CCCCCC"> are so</font>

00:31:18,650 --> 00:31:22,659

commonplace they're easily overlooked

00:31:22,869 --> 00:31:28,658

none is more potentially deadly than

00:31:26,240 --> 00:31:28,659

weird

00:31:34,410 --> 00:31:39,269

the taller the building the greater<font color="#E5E5E5"> the</font>

00:31:37,240 --> 00:31:39,269

threat

00:31:39,589 --> 00:31:44,178

during a typhoon or a hurricane<font color="#E5E5E5"> the</font>


1

00:31:42,109 --> 00:31:47,229

force of wind can actually threaten the

00:31:44,179 --> 00:31:47,230

building survival

00:31:50,140 --> 00:31:56,500

wind speeds<font color="#E5E5E5"> can reach up</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> to 150


miles</font>

00:31:52,990 --> 00:32:00,420

<font color="#E5E5E5">per hour Tokyo is ground zero for</font>

00:31:56,500 --> 00:32:00,420

several of these killers each year

00:32:01,180 --> 00:32:03,240

you

00:32:05,279 --> 00:32:12,279

<font color="#CCCCCC">skycity at two-thirds of a mile high</font>


1

00:32:07,630 --> 00:32:14,350

<font color="#E5E5E5">would be especially vulnerable how could</font>

00:32:12,279 --> 00:32:16,779

sky city's designers protect this

00:32:14,349 --> 00:32:19,859

super-tall Tower from such destructive

00:32:16,779 --> 00:32:19,859

natural forces

00:32:24,119 --> 00:32:31,709

again taipei 101 in<font color="#E5E5E5"> taiwan provides a</font>

00:32:27,569 --> 00:32:35,059

clue<font color="#CCCCCC"> its unprecedented height</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> means


it</font>

00:32:31,710 --> 00:32:35,059

will face record wind loads


1

00:32:35,470 --> 00:32:39,970

wind tunnel engineers carefully analyzed

00:32:38,079 --> 00:32:44,980

whether<font color="#CCCCCC"> its design would stand up to</font>

00:32:39,970 --> 00:32:46,509

extreme when conditions the designers

00:32:44,980 --> 00:32:48,970

both the architect<font color="#E5E5E5"> and structural</font>

00:32:46,509 --> 00:32:50,740

engineer came to us asking for some

00:32:48,970 --> 00:32:54,240

<font color="#CCCCCC">assistance with understanding the wind</font>

00:32:50,740 --> 00:32:54,240

loads on the<font color="#CCCCCC"> taipei financial center</font>

1
00:32:54,880 --> 00:33:00,320

researchers<font color="#E5E5E5"> created a scale model</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> of


the</font>

00:32:57,409 --> 00:33:03,309

massive skyscraper and subjected it to a

00:33:00,319 --> 00:33:03,308

battery<font color="#E5E5E5"> of tests</font>

00:33:05,500 --> 00:33:10,900

<font color="#E5E5E5">box-shaped buildings take the full force</font>

00:33:08,000 --> 00:33:10,900

of wind<font color="#CCCCCC"> head-on</font>

00:33:12,410 --> 00:33:19,009

tests revealed<font color="#E5E5E5"> that even this building</font>

00:33:14,990 --> 00:33:21,339

<font color="#CCCCCC">and only half the size of</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> Sky City
could</font>

1
00:33:19,009 --> 00:33:21,339

<font color="#E5E5E5">be in jeopardy</font>

00:33:22,930 --> 00:33:27,190

we determined that the wind loads that

00:33:25,150 --> 00:33:29,790

were on the building<font color="#E5E5E5"> we're higher than</font>

00:33:27,190 --> 00:33:33,720

what they expected

00:33:29,789 --> 00:33:37,788

suddenly the entire project was at risk

00:33:33,720 --> 00:33:40,489

it was a<font color="#E5E5E5"> devastating blow</font>

00:33:37,788 --> 00:33:43,419

until engineers devised a<font color="#E5E5E5"> simple and</font>

00:33:40,489 --> 00:33:43,419


elegant solution

00:33:43,640 --> 00:33:50,740

by reconfiguring the corners of<font color="#E5E5E5"> the</font>

00:33:45,890 --> 00:33:50,740

building<font color="#CCCCCC"> to a cut</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> out w shape</font>

00:33:50,829 --> 00:33:55,379

the force of the wind could<font color="#E5E5E5"> be deflected</font>

00:33:57,230 --> 00:34:03,059

but sky<font color="#E5E5E5"> city's designers face an even</font>

00:34:00,089 --> 00:34:06,109

greater challenge because it<font color="#CCCCCC"> presents an</font>

00:34:03,059 --> 00:34:06,109

even larger target

00:34:07,380 --> 00:34:14,128

the<font color="#E5E5E5"> solution make the building round</font>


1

00:34:11,510 --> 00:34:17,720

allowing ferocious high-altitude winds

00:34:14,128 --> 00:34:17,719

to slip right past it

00:34:20,750 --> 00:34:27,000

but wind can cause still one more

00:34:23,550 --> 00:34:30,750

problem that simple streamlining can't

00:34:27,000 --> 00:34:36,809

solve skyscrapers sway back and forth

00:34:30,750 --> 00:34:40,878

even in a light breeze unchecked the

00:34:36,809 --> 00:34:43,679

motion can make<font color="#E5E5E5"> inhabit and seasick as</font>


1

00:34:40,878 --> 00:34:46,909

these test subjects riding a skyscraper

00:34:43,679 --> 00:34:46,909

simulator can attest

00:34:47,409 --> 00:34:52,149

how could sky<font color="#E5E5E5"> city's designers stop</font>

00:34:49,900 --> 00:34:55,230

their Titanic Tower from tossing like a

00:34:52,150 --> 00:34:55,230

ship in heavy seas

00:34:55,789 --> 00:35:00,800

in smaller buildings engineers often

00:34:58,309 --> 00:35:07,460

install heavy counterweights<font color="#CCCCCC"> to</font>

1
00:35:00,800 --> 00:35:10,570

counteract swing in<font color="#CCCCCC"> taiwan builders plan</font>

00:35:07,460 --> 00:35:10,570

to hang a steel sphere

00:35:13,190 --> 00:35:20,639

weighing an incredible 1.3 million

00:35:16,050 --> 00:35:22,769

pounds when wind pushes the tower one

00:35:20,639 --> 00:35:26,069

way the weight will move in the opposite

00:35:22,769 --> 00:35:28,849

direction counteracting or damping the

00:35:26,070 --> 00:35:28,850

<font color="#E5E5E5">building's movement</font>

00:35:29,579 --> 00:35:35,099


but the<font color="#CCCCCC"> larger the building the heavier</font>

00:35:31,889 --> 00:35:37,109

the weight must be to steady and in the

00:35:35,099 --> 00:35:39,179

building is massive as<font color="#CCCCCC"> skycity a</font>

00:35:37,110 --> 00:35:42,740

counterweight would have to wait as much

00:35:39,179 --> 00:35:42,739

as<font color="#E5E5E5"> 50 million pounds</font>

00:35:46,610 --> 00:35:53,450

it would monopolize an entire space

00:35:49,070 --> 00:35:57,769

<font color="#E5E5E5">plateau real estate</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> too valuable to


fill</font>

00:35:53,449 --> 00:36:03,589


with dead weight can anything take its

00:35:57,769 --> 00:36:05,539

place scientists at the<font color="#CCCCCC"> taconic o</font>

00:36:03,590 --> 00:36:08,360

<font color="#E5E5E5">Research Institute are working on a</font>

00:36:05,539 --> 00:36:10,429

solution they're shaking things up in

00:36:08,360 --> 00:36:11,900

<font color="#CCCCCC">the world of mass</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> tempers in</font><font


color="#CCCCCC"> a</font>

00:36:10,429 --> 00:36:14,269

state-of-the-art test facility

00:36:11,900 --> 00:36:18,079

simulating earthquakes and ultra high

00:36:14,269 --> 00:36:20,119


winds this five-story buildings been

00:36:18,079 --> 00:36:23,440

modified to wobble like a 30-story

00:36:20,119 --> 00:36:23,440

skyscraper in a hurricane

00:36:24,980 --> 00:36:30,500

rubber separators between the floors

00:36:27,199 --> 00:36:32,960

make the building unstable creating an

00:36:30,500 --> 00:36:37,400

ideal test bed for taco<font color="#CCCCCC"> nacos radical</font>

00:36:32,960 --> 00:36:40,159

new wind damper technology located on

00:36:37,400 --> 00:36:44,260

<font color="#E5E5E5">the top floor this six ton weight can</font>


1

00:36:40,159 --> 00:36:44,259

bring the swing building under control

00:36:47,179 --> 00:36:52,578

when sensors detect sway a computer

00:36:50,059 --> 00:36:54,109

directs<font color="#E5E5E5"> to powerful hydraulic Pistons to</font>

00:36:52,579 --> 00:36:56,230

shift the damper in the opposite

00:36:54,108 --> 00:36:56,230

direction

00:36:57,150 --> 00:37:02,099

because this system is<font color="#E5E5E5"> powered this</font>

00:36:59,909 --> 00:37:04,288

active damper can be smaller<font color="#E5E5E5"> and lighter</font>


1

00:37:02,099 --> 00:37:06,798

than<font color="#E5E5E5"> a passive or unpowered damper would</font>

00:37:04,289 --> 00:37:06,799

need to be

00:37:06,849 --> 00:37:12,150

rescuing valuable real estate at the top

00:37:09,699 --> 00:37:12,149

of<font color="#E5E5E5"> a building</font>

00:37:13,659 --> 00:37:21,789

making<font color="#CCCCCC"> skycity Botha's safe and gentle</font>

00:37:17,360 --> 00:37:21,789

giant easy<font color="#E5E5E5"> on</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> the stomach</font>

00:37:24,858 --> 00:37:30,768

with the last<font color="#E5E5E5"> structural problem solved</font>

1
00:37:28,210 --> 00:37:34,869

<font color="#CCCCCC">skycity can now take on</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> the


challenges</font>

00:37:30,768 --> 00:37:34,868

that<font color="#E5E5E5"> confront every other modern city</font>

00:37:38,190 --> 00:37:43,650

<font color="#CCCCCC">Tokyo suffers from some</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> of the


worst</font>

00:37:40,389 --> 00:37:47,199

<font color="#E5E5E5">traffic congestion in</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> the world</font>

00:37:43,650 --> 00:37:52,119

one of<font color="#E5E5E5"> sky city's goals is to offer</font>

00:37:47,199 --> 00:37:54,279

freedom from the tyranny of Otto's whole

00:37:52,119 --> 00:37:56,019

tunnel system developing the right

1
00:37:54,280 --> 00:37:57,580

<font color="#E5E5E5">traffic system and the system for</font>

00:37:56,019 --> 00:37:59,980

delivering goods throughout the city

00:37:57,579 --> 00:38:05,139

will be a very important task<font color="#CCCCCC"> I don't</font>

00:37:59,980 --> 00:38:08,260

<font color="#CCCCCC">ellen ogle during rush hour in sky city</font>

00:38:05,139 --> 00:38:14,109

as many as 100 pounds 10-foot<font color="#E5E5E5"> ha be on</font>

00:38:08,260 --> 00:38:16,960

the move inside<font color="#CCCCCC"> the tower to find a way</font>

00:38:14,110 --> 00:38:20,769

to move people efficiently designers

00:38:16,960 --> 00:38:22,869


look to the<font color="#E5E5E5"> past to the work of</font>

00:38:20,769 --> 00:38:26,099

legendary architect Frank Lloyd Wright

00:38:22,869 --> 00:38:26,099

half a century ago

00:38:31,429 --> 00:38:37,509

in 1956 he proposed<font color="#E5E5E5"> building</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> Mile


High</font>

00:38:35,449 --> 00:38:37,509

<font color="#CCCCCC">City</font>

00:38:37,550 --> 00:38:43,480

at 528 floors the structure<font color="#CCCCCC"> would have</font>

00:38:41,210 --> 00:38:46,460

been much taller even<font color="#E5E5E5"> than Sky City and</font>

00:38:43,480 --> 00:38:50,599


right proposed radical new technologies

00:38:46,460 --> 00:38:53,900

to help people get around<font color="#CCCCCC"> like multi</font>

00:38:50,599 --> 00:38:57,039

decker atomic-powered elevators cruising

00:38:53,900 --> 00:38:57,039

at 60 miles an hour

00:38:58,588 --> 00:39:04,248

and landing pads for 150 personal

00:39:01,650 --> 00:39:04,249

helicopters

00:39:05,119 --> 00:39:12,059

the building was before its time but

00:39:09,869 --> 00:39:15,200

right<font color="#E5E5E5"> believe that one day buildings</font>


1

00:39:12,059 --> 00:39:15,200

like this would<font color="#CCCCCC"> be commonplace</font>

00:39:19,500 --> 00:39:23,690

that day may have<font color="#E5E5E5"> finally arrived</font>

00:39:28,090 --> 00:39:33,680

atomic lifts are not an option but

00:39:31,670 --> 00:39:38,000

engineers are working on systems that

00:39:33,679 --> 00:39:40,579

<font color="#E5E5E5">would make right proud with enough speed</font>

00:39:38,000 --> 00:39:48,039

and capacity to keep sky city residents

00:39:40,579 --> 00:39:48,039

on the move horizontally and vertically


1

00:39:53,639 --> 00:39:59,788

this is the Otis Elevator testing tower

00:39:56,309 --> 00:40:02,480

near Tokyo the tallest elevator test

00:39:59,789 --> 00:40:02,480

site in<font color="#CCCCCC"> the world</font>

00:40:06,588 --> 00:40:11,478

<font color="#E5E5E5">joke wausau you're not in a hot rice</font>

00:40:09,199 --> 00:40:13,699

building the biggest question is how to

00:40:11,478 --> 00:40:15,618

make the elevators work to carry the

00:40:13,699 --> 00:40:21,078

greatest number<font color="#CCCCCC"> of people in the least</font>

1
00:40:15,619 --> 00:40:22,910

amount<font color="#E5E5E5"> of</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> time it</font><font


color="#E5E5E5"> is ahsoka the oldest</font>

00:40:21,079 --> 00:40:25,579

engineers have built one of<font color="#E5E5E5"> the fastest</font>

00:40:22,909 --> 00:40:31,009

elevators in the world able to cruise at

00:40:25,579 --> 00:40:32,749

over 30 miles an hour they've also

00:40:31,009 --> 00:40:37,088

perfected a<font color="#CCCCCC"> double-decker elevator</font>

00:40:32,748 --> 00:40:37,088

system that can carry 70 people at once

00:40:38,420 --> 00:40:45,159

it's a<font color="#E5E5E5"> good start but for Sky City they</font>

1
00:40:41,480 --> 00:40:45,159

know that they'll have to<font color="#E5E5E5"> do even better</font>

00:40:46,639 --> 00:40:52,099

<font color="#CCCCCC">skycity you know you're not Sky City</font>

00:40:49,010 --> 00:40:54,800

<font color="#E5E5E5">will be a thousand meters tall if you</font>

00:40:52,099 --> 00:40:58,789

use<font color="#CCCCCC"> a normal</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> Road based system


the</font>

00:40:54,800 --> 00:41:00,710

elevator weight becomes really large so

00:40:58,789 --> 00:41:02,840

we'll have to improve the technology to

00:41:00,710 --> 00:41:05,059

lighten the rope or to<font color="#E5E5E5"> find a way to</font>

1
00:41:02,840 --> 00:41:07,269

eliminate the<font color="#CCCCCC"> Rope completely that's the</font>

00:41:05,059 --> 00:41:07,269

goal

00:41:07,730 --> 00:41:12,119

combining the next generation of

00:41:09,960 --> 00:41:14,969

elevator technology with computer driven

00:41:12,119 --> 00:41:16,989

<font color="#E5E5E5">high-speed trains</font>

00:41:14,969 --> 00:41:21,509

engineers will create an elegant

00:41:16,989 --> 00:41:21,509

three-ring circus of<font color="#E5E5E5"> transportation a</font>

00:41:22,079 --> 00:41:26,140


visitor to the building could take a

00:41:24,190 --> 00:41:30,119

triple-decker elevator from<font color="#E5E5E5"> the ground</font>

00:41:26,139 --> 00:41:30,118

to the top in just over two minutes

00:41:31,289 --> 00:41:38,619

or climb the towers exterior in a spiral

00:41:34,480 --> 00:41:42,309

monorail perhaps<font color="#CCCCCC"> shuttle on a local</font>

00:41:38,619 --> 00:41:47,349

elevator or circle one of sky city's

00:41:42,309 --> 00:41:51,690

parks in a sky whack the days of

00:41:47,349 --> 00:41:51,690

time-wasting commutes would be over


1

00:41:52,059 --> 00:41:59,729

by convincing the entire sprawling<font color="#E5E5E5"> city</font>

00:41:54,998 --> 00:41:59,728

into one enormous vertical<font color="#CCCCCC"> Tower</font>

00:42:01,059 --> 00:42:08,829

but the bigger they are the harder they

00:42:05,170 --> 00:42:10,809

fall and sky<font color="#E5E5E5"> city's designers are</font>

00:42:08,829 --> 00:42:13,250

preparing<font color="#CCCCCC"> for the worst killer that can</font>

00:42:10,809 --> 00:42:17,150

strike<font color="#E5E5E5"> a skyscraper</font>

00:42:13,250 --> 00:42:20,800

fire for high-rise residents there's


1

00:42:17,150 --> 00:42:20,800

<font color="#E5E5E5">nothing more terrifying than this</font>

00:42:27,199 --> 00:42:31,848

Tokyo<font color="#CCCCCC"> has one of the finest fire</font>

00:42:29,449 --> 00:42:34,689

departments in the<font color="#E5E5E5"> world battle tested</font>

00:42:31,849 --> 00:42:37,539

not only by fires

00:42:34,690 --> 00:42:40,630

but<font color="#E5E5E5"> devastating earthquakes typhoons and</font>

00:42:37,539 --> 00:42:44,460

other natural<font color="#CCCCCC"> disasters</font>

00:42:40,630 --> 00:42:48,880

when the alarm sounds in a skyscraper

1
00:42:44,460 --> 00:42:50,869

firefighters jump into action but not in

00:42:48,880 --> 00:42:54,530

trucks

00:42:50,869 --> 00:42:57,998

in this the only helicopter in the<font color="#E5E5E5"> world</font>

00:42:54,530 --> 00:43:00,579

outfitted to<font color="#E5E5E5"> fight high-rise fires</font>

00:42:57,998 --> 00:43:03,328

<font color="#E5E5E5">they practice here at this</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> 10-story</font>

00:43:00,579 --> 00:43:03,329

training<font color="#E5E5E5"> tower</font>

00:43:04,980 --> 00:43:09,858

the choppers loaded with 300 gallons of

00:43:07,650 --> 00:43:09,858


water

00:43:11,780 --> 00:43:18,610

<font color="#E5E5E5">to widget hoses can be aimed into the</font>

00:43:14,239 --> 00:43:18,609

heart<font color="#E5E5E5"> of any blaze at any height</font>

00:43:21,690 --> 00:43:26,450

it pumps<font color="#E5E5E5"> out nearly</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> three gallons


of</font>

00:43:23,579 --> 00:43:26,449

water<font color="#CCCCCC"> per second</font>

00:43:26,679 --> 00:43:32,369

in just two<font color="#CCCCCC"> minutes it drains its entire</font>

00:43:29,139 --> 00:43:32,369

<font color="#E5E5E5">300 gallon reserve</font>

00:43:35,690 --> 00:43:41,869


but it<font color="#CCCCCC"> doesn't</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> have to return to base
to</font>

00:43:38,000 --> 00:43:43,969

refill this 10-foot hose allows it to

00:43:41,869 --> 00:43:47,440

guzzle water wherever it can find it

00:43:43,969 --> 00:43:47,439

even<font color="#E5E5E5"> a swimming pool</font>

00:43:49,389 --> 00:43:53,889

with this one-of-a-kind helicopter the

00:43:52,059 --> 00:43:57,119

fire department finally has a way to

00:43:53,889 --> 00:43:57,119

<font color="#E5E5E5">fight high-rise fires</font>

00:44:01,510 --> 00:44:06,040


consider this disaster scenario

00:44:07,268 --> 00:44:16,348

the year is 2160<font color="#CCCCCC"> skycity finally stands</font>

00:44:12,219 --> 00:44:19,479

proudly over<font color="#E5E5E5"> Tokyo cause for celebration</font>

00:44:16,349 --> 00:44:22,539

when an emergency sensor detects a gas

00:44:19,478 --> 00:44:26,769

leak on space<font color="#E5E5E5"> plateau</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> nine</font>

00:44:22,539 --> 00:44:33,670

toxic<font color="#E5E5E5"> feud setting</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> the stage for a</font>

00:44:26,769 --> 00:44:36,068

deadly chain of events an accidental

00:44:33,670 --> 00:44:41,969

explosion
1

00:44:36,068 --> 00:44:41,969

followed by fire and deadly smoke

00:44:44,059 --> 00:44:49,890

sky city's emergency response system

00:44:46,588 --> 00:44:51,960

alerts that to<font color="#CCCCCC"> flame parkland</font>

00:44:49,889 --> 00:44:54,079

a fleet of helicopters arrives on the

00:44:51,960 --> 00:44:54,079

scene

00:44:56,960 --> 00:45:02,920

each helicopter furiously empties<font color="#E5E5E5"> its</font>

00:44:59,630 --> 00:45:02,920

300 gallon tank


1

00:45:04,048 --> 00:45:09,469

fighting to keep the blaze from

00:45:05,969 --> 00:45:09,469

spreading<font color="#E5E5E5"> to the other plateaus</font>

00:45:12,829 --> 00:45:19,949

sounds great<font color="#E5E5E5"> but progress is slow</font>

00:45:17,099 --> 00:45:22,849

it takes each chopper 10<font color="#E5E5E5"> agonizing</font>

00:45:19,949 --> 00:45:22,849

minutes to refill

00:45:26,710 --> 00:45:32,409

while the battle<font color="#E5E5E5"> rages on</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> the


exterior</font>

00:45:28,838 --> 00:45:36,599

of Sky City the<font color="#E5E5E5"> interior of space</font>


1

00:45:32,409 --> 00:45:36,598

plateau<font color="#CCCCCC"> 9 fills with noxious smoke</font>

00:45:37,079 --> 00:45:43,019

at the building's designers made a fatal

00:45:39,389 --> 00:45:46,019

blunder is<font color="#CCCCCC"> Sky City to be the metropolis</font>

00:45:43,019 --> 00:45:48,559

of<font color="#E5E5E5"> the future or a colossal death trap</font>

00:45:46,019 --> 00:45:48,559

in the sky

00:45:49,269 --> 00:45:54,619

it's a question engineers have already

00:45:52,250 --> 00:45:58,969

asked at<font color="#E5E5E5"> the Hong Kong University of</font>

1
00:45:54,619 --> 00:46:00,920

Science and<font color="#E5E5E5"> Technology here Kenny clock</font>

00:45:58,969 --> 00:46:03,849

and his students put this model of Sky

00:46:00,920 --> 00:46:03,849

City to the torch

00:46:04,809 --> 00:46:09,159

they know that the difference between

00:46:06,550 --> 00:46:11,200

<font color="#E5E5E5">life and death will be</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> determined


by</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> the</font>

00:46:09,159 --> 00:46:13,469

building's ability to vent the deadly

00:46:11,199 --> 00:46:13,469

smoke

1
00:46:16,750 --> 00:46:22,599

the<font color="#E5E5E5"> pump smoke into the model space</font>

00:46:18,940 --> 00:46:25,019

<font color="#CCCCCC">Plateau toxic fumes quickly fill the</font>

00:46:22,599 --> 00:46:25,019

atrium

00:46:25,219 --> 00:46:29,779

in most buildings thick smoke like this

00:46:27,619 --> 00:46:34,490

would quickly suffocate anyone unable to

00:46:29,780 --> 00:46:37,640

escape but<font color="#CCCCCC"> sky city is not like other</font>

00:46:34,489 --> 00:46:42,009

buildings because the large interior

00:46:37,639 --> 00:46:42,009


spaces are not closed to the elements

00:46:42,130 --> 00:46:47,059

instead designers have created large

00:46:45,019 --> 00:46:49,639

open gaps near the roof of each space

00:46:47,059 --> 00:46:53,960

plateau providing exposure not just to

00:46:49,639 --> 00:46:56,960

sky but to wind when you're building

00:46:53,960 --> 00:46:59,809

deadlines actually<font color="#CCCCCC"> quite quite unusual</font>

00:46:56,960 --> 00:47:02,809

to<font color="#E5E5E5"> have absolutely</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> count a building


a</font>

00:46:59,809 --> 00:47:08,269


building that<font color="#E5E5E5"> tall the vast majority of</font>

00:47:02,809 --> 00:47:09,440

<font color="#E5E5E5">the time there will be some breeze to</font>

00:47:08,269 --> 00:47:11,659

see where the wind would make a

00:47:09,440 --> 00:47:15,130

difference<font color="#E5E5E5"> they run the smoke test again</font>

00:47:11,659 --> 00:47:15,129

only<font color="#CCCCCC"> in their wind tunnel</font>

00:47:16,659 --> 00:47:22,869

simulating a strong breeze blowing

00:47:18,500 --> 00:47:22,869

around<font color="#CCCCCC"> skycity</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> streamlined shape</font>

00:47:26,389 --> 00:47:30,670

this time the smoke pours out of the


1

00:47:28,489 --> 00:47:30,669

building

00:47:33,579 --> 00:47:37,989

the real sky city would behave the same

00:47:35,559 --> 00:47:41,949

way it could<font color="#E5E5E5"> buy residents precious</font>

00:47:37,989 --> 00:47:43,689

minutes allowing the Tokyo fire

00:47:41,949 --> 00:47:46,480

department to bring the blaze under

00:47:43,690 --> 00:47:48,780

control without paying a heavy price in

00:47:46,480 --> 00:47:48,780

lives
1

00:47:50,949 --> 00:47:55,230

in this scenario disaster was averted

00:47:55,309 --> 00:48:00,509

thanks to a<font color="#E5E5E5"> world-class emergency how do</font>

00:47:58,429 --> 00:48:04,460

you<font color="#E5E5E5"> control</font>

00:48:00,510 --> 00:48:04,460

enter the<font color="#CCCCCC"> buildings radical design</font>

00:48:10,369 --> 00:48:18,108

<font color="#CCCCCC">skycity a tonic for inhaling metropolis</font>

00:48:18,500 --> 00:48:31,679

future home to 35,000 residents and

00:48:21,690 --> 00:48:34,920

millions of visitors if sky<font color="#E5E5E5"> city's</font>

1
00:48:31,679 --> 00:48:39,358

designers are right cities as we know

00:48:34,920 --> 00:48:45,809

them could disappear to be replaced by

00:48:39,358 --> 00:48:47,989

this the<font color="#CCCCCC"> Hypercity not one building but</font>

00:48:45,809 --> 00:48:51,800

a cluster of tightness

00:48:47,989 --> 00:48:54,049

the next generation<font color="#CCCCCC"> megastructure other</font>

00:48:51,800 --> 00:48:56,080

equipped with dare to dream<font color="#E5E5E5"> the</font>

00:48:54,050 --> 00:48:56,080

impossible

00:49:19,150 --> 00:49:21,210


you

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