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Name_______________________________________

Date__________________________

Warm Up:Use the graphic organizer below to record what you know about positive and negative integers. Add or remove statements during the whole class discussion.

Find the answer to the each question below.

 1) Jose withdrew \$87 from his checking account. How can he represent this value as an integer? 2) What is the absolute value of ⎻16? 3) Erik hiked 20 miles up a mountain then hiked 4) Yasmin deposited \$43 in her savings account. miles down the same mountain. Express this value as an integer. values as integers.

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Key Concept:We will use number lines to add integers.

 ▪ Counting up​ corresponds to numbers. ▪ Counting down​ corresponds to numbers. ▪ To locate a number on the number line, you start at ______________________________________________________. ▪ The distance between a number and 0 on a number line is called _______________________________________.

What is the relationship between 7 and 7? _________________________________________________________________________

___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________.

Examples:Use the number line to find each sum below.

1)

6 + (5) = _________

2)

5 + (4) = _________

3)

10 + 10 = _________

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Practice:Use the number line to find each sum.

1)

2 + (7) = _________

2) ​
⎻​9+ 5 = _________
3)
​⎻​1+7 = _________

4)

8 + (1) = _________

5) 4+4 = _________

6)

The sum of two integers is 0. If one of the integers is 8, what is the other integer?

7) Which number set includes zero, all whole numbers, and their opposites?

8) The sum of two additive inverses is always ________.

9) Charles owes John \$23 and borrows \$12 more. How much does Charles owe John now? Write an addition equation to model this situation.

10)The sum of two non-zero integers, x and y, is zero. What must be true of x and y?

Summary:What is true about the sum of two additive inverses (“opposites”)? _____________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

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Name_______________________________________

Lesson 2: Subtracting integers

Date_______________

Warm Up:Find each sum using either strategy you learned from Lessons #1.

 SET A SET B 1) – 5 + (– 5) = _____ 4) (– 18) + 8 = _____ 2) – 10 + (– 5) = _____ 5) 8 + (– 4) = _____ 3) 15 + 35 = ______ 6) 2 + (– 12) = _____

7) Evaluate each:

 a) = ______________ b) = ______________ c) = ______________ 8) Identify the additive inverse of each integer: a) 6: ______________ b) ​30: ______________ c) ​13: ______________

Key Concept:

Subtracting integers is the opposite of adding integers. Instead of subtracting, we are going to add the opposite.

To subtract integers on a number line:

 ✓ To subtract two integers, we can ​rewrite ​the subtraction equation as an equation. ✓ Subtraction is the same as adding the . ✓ Just CHANGE CHANGE. Examples​: ​Re-write each subtraction equation as an equivalent addition equation. Then solve. 1) 10 – 4 = 2) 2 – 8 = 3) – 3 – 6 = 4) – 5 – (– 5) =

Practice:Re-write each subtraction equation as an equivalent addition equation. Then solve.

 5) – 9 – 16 =_________ 6) – 11 – 8 =_________

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 7) 17 – (– 11) =_________ 8) – 14 – 14 =_________ 9) – 7 – (– 7) _________ 10)– 14 – (– 3) _________ 11)The low temperature one day was 3°F. The 12)A scuba diver dove down 10 feet below sea level high temperature was 3 °F. What was the and then stopped to take some pictures of fish. difference between the low and high temperatures for the day? Then he dove down another 12 feet. What is the diver’s current position? 13)Ana started the week with \$7,000 in her bank account. At the end of the week, her balance was 14)The difference between two integers is 5. What could be the value of the two integers? \$9,000. What was the change in Annabel's bank account balance? a. 5, 5 2, b. 12, 7 c. 2, 7 d. 3 15)Find two positive integers whose difference is 4​. ​Write a subtraction equation and an equivalent addition equation to prove it. 16)Find two negative integers whose difference is 2. ​Write a subtraction equation and an equivalent addition equation to prove it.

Summary:Your friend is home sick today. How would you explain how to subtract integers? Be specific. Give at least one example.

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Name_____________________________________

Date_______________

Lesson #3: Adding & subtracting integers

 1) 2 + (-14) = 2) –5 + (– 15) = 3) –18 + 24 = 4) –20 – 15 = 5) –20 – (–16) = 6) 18 – (–12) = 7) –17 – 11 = 8) 21 – (–11) = 9) 10) = = 11)– = 12) = 13) 14)– = = 15)– = 16)30 + (–30)=

Key Concept:Here is a review of adding and subtracting integers.

 ADDING integers with the SAME signs ADDING integers with DIFFERENT signs SUBTRACTING integers ✓ ADD their absolute values ✓ SUBTRACT their absolute values ✓ Rewrite the subtraction equation as ADDING the inverse (opposite) ✓ KEEP the sign ✓ Keep the sign of the integer with the ✓ KEEP CHANGE CHANGE GREATER ABSOLUTE VALUE ✓ Use ADDITION rules

Today we will apply these rules to solve word problems involving adding and subtracting integers.

Examples:Write and solve a number sentence to represent each situation. (HIGHLIGHT ANY KEY PHRASES)

 1) The temperature outside is ​–​16 degrees. Then the temperature rises 20 degrees. What is the current outdoor temperature? 2) An ant crawls 14 centimeters down into an ant hole. It then crawls another 6 centimeters down to the queen’s nest. Write and solve an addition sentence that gives the location of the ant.

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 3) Jenny and Forest play a video game. Jenny scores 38 points. Forest scores ​–19 points. 4) Find the mean (average) of the following set of numbers: By how many points did Jenny beat Forest? 8, –4, 5, 6, –5,

Practice:Write and solve a number sentence to represent each situation.

 1) Jasmine borrowed \$125 from her parents to buy a pair of sneakers. She paid back \$15 last week and \$30 yesterday. How much does Jasmine still owe her parents? 2) The temperature at 6 P.M. was 15 °F. By 8 P.M. it had dropped 10 degrees, and then by 10 P.M. it had dropped another 11 degrees. What was the temperature at 10 P.M.? 3) Evaluate the expression a =​ – 14 and ​b​ = 15. when 4) Use mental math to solve for the variable, ​m​: 11 + ​m ​ = 9 5) After which transactions will the balance of the savings account be the same as the initial balance? 6) Which phrase correctly describes the location on the number line of the opposite of –11? a) a withdrawal of \$232 followed by a a) A point 11 units to the left of –11 deposit of \$132 b) A point 11 units to the right of –11 b) a deposit of \$278 followed by a c) A point 11 units to the left of 0 withdrawal of \$278 d) A point 11 units to the right of 0 c) a withdrawal of \$115 followed by a deposit of \$312 d) a deposit of \$205 followed by a withdrawal of \$317 7) Which value of ​x​ makes the equation -3 + ​x​ = 0 true? 8) Which integer represents the value of 5 – a – b when a = –2 and b = 9 a) –3 – a) 2 b) b) –2 c) 6 d) –6 c) d) 3 9) A diver swims to a depth 16 feet below sea level. Then rises 9 feet. Which integer represents the diver’s current position? 10) Jerry made the following transactions in July. What is the total change in his bank account balance after all these transactions? a) –5 b) –7 c) –25 d) 5

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 11) Find the range of the transactions in Jerry’s account shown in #10. 12) Two narwhals were swimming in the Arctic Ocean. One narwhal was 15 meters below the surface and the other was 22 meters below the surface. Write an integer for the position of each narwhal relative to the surface. Which integer is greater? Which integer has the greater absolute value?

Reflection :Write one paragraph on how this is relevant to your life. When would you use this? (Explain / Use examples.)

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Name

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Date

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❏Synthesize real world problems involving the sum or difference of integers

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