This action might not be possible to undo. Are you sure you want to continue?
News is an oral or written report of an event that happened, is happening, will happen in the North, East, West, or South that is of interest to the reader and which should be reported. Elements of the News 1. Timeliness 2. Proximity 3. Impact/ relevance 4. Prominence 5. Romance and adventure News Writing 1. A typical news story begins with details that answer the six basic questions of the ³five Ws and H´ (who, what, when, where, why and how). 2. Another basic principle in news writing is to write your story in the ³inverted pyramid style,´ putting the most important faces in the first paragraph, with the story¶s details following in descending order of importance, ending with the least important facts at the end of the story. LEAD (PAMATNUBAY) - most important fact. The lead should be short, around 25 words, and should capsulate the story by covering most of the five Ws and H. BRIDGE- elaboration of leadnext most important facts
The bridge can introduce any of the other five Ws and H not covered in the lead and eases the reader into the body.
Conventional or summary lead
This kind of lead used in straight news, answers right away all or any of the 5 W¶s and/or the H. It may be one of the following: WHO lead PRESIDENT Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo addressed, April 20, the PMA graduates in Baguio City. WHAT lead AN ENTRANCE examination will be given Nov. 24 to all graduating high school students desiring to enroll in the four-year college course. WHERE lead TRAPICHE, Oton, Iloilo will be the site of the next International Film Festival. WHEN lead TODAY, almost to the hour, the Revolutionary Government was proclaimed by former President Corazon Aquino.
6. Oddity 7. Emotion 8. Numbers 9. Development 10. Animals
BECAUSE of poverty, around a hundred students dropped from school last year. This was learned from Iloilo Scholastic Academy principal Juan dela Cruz. HOW lead BY APPEALING to the school board, the University of Iloilo was able to construct a 30-storey, concrete building.
Prepositional-phrase lead WITH BROOMS and other cleaning equipment, boy scouts from the Iloilo public high schools cleaned the city markets in consonance with the city mayor¶s Clean and Beautiful Drive. Infinitive-phrase lead TO ENCOURAGE tourism, balikbayans are given a warm welcome by their fellow Filipinos. Participial-phrase lead HOPING to cop first place, the ISA woodpushers honed up for the chess championship games. (present participle) DRESSED like priests, robbers were able to enter the bank. (past participle) Gerundial-phrase lead WINNING the developmental communications trophy during the national press conference was Iloilo Scholastic Academy¶s best achievement of the year. Clause lead BECAUSE Sept. 9 was Osmena Day, all lessons in class dealt with the life of the late President Sergio Osmena Sr. (subordinate, adverbial)
Less important facts Minor facts
The BODY can be used to expand the material covered in the lead and bridge.
Unlike Egypt¶s pyramids, journalism pyramids are inverted.
HOW TO WRITE A LEAD?
A good lead answers all the important questions of the reader, indicates the facts if they are all important, and arouses the readers¶ interest to continue reading the story. Kinds of lead Conventional or summary lead Grammatical beginning lead Novelty lead
Astonisher lead CHAMPION of Division of Iloilo City! BETTER look your best this week!
seditious and rebellious matters. 4. Avoid opinions called editorializing. Steps in writing the news story 1. Cavite. Zone 3 of Brgy. the University quadrangle was a grand setting for a barrio fiesta. Parody lead WATER. also topped his class and delivered his valedictory address on the same rostrum where the young Lagon gave his. 1 during the 89th Foundation Day celebration of the school. alas-2:30 ng hapon nang matagpuan ang isang patay na sanggol na nakalagay sa itim na plastic bag na nakalagay sa basurahan. Isabela at stay-in maid sa Alabang Hills Village. Arrange facts in a descending order of importance Make the lead play up the most interesting and important points. 109 graduates marched down the stage to the tune of Hail Alma Mater. One-word lead MARCH! Thus ordered Chess Club president Pol Buenconsejo to start the ³Walk to Win´ fund-raising drive. Engr. etc. ng nasabing lungsod. 3. Observe the guidelines for clear effective writing (unity. . but no water to drink. 8. graduated first honor this year. Use adjectives sparingly. BREVITY. Give source (attribution) of the news. Do¶s and Don¶ts in writing a news story 1. Descriptive lead DRESSED in white polo barong. his father. emphasis. Avoid libelous. Ms. Cavite. Obrero. 6. y Isang sobre din ang nakuha ng mga pulis sa nakabalot sa sanggol na mula sa San Beda College at nakapangalan sa mag-asawang Alvin Domingo ng Alabang Hills Village. y At sa takot na malaman ng kanyang mga magulang sa probinsiya ang kanyang pagbubuntis. y Dito inamin ni Merca na mag-isa niyang ipinanganak ang kanyang sanggol noong Miyerkules ng gabi at siya na rin ang nagputol ng pusod nito. 10. 7.Sumulat ng tuwirang balita (straight news) sa pamamagitan ng pagsasaayos ng mga sumusunod na datos. 3. and with diplomas in their hands. it won first place in the cleanliness contest sponsored by the Department of Interior and Local Government. Background lead THE CPU campus was turned into a miniature carnival ground Sept. Be accurate and truthful. Decorated with buntings and multicolored lights. 8 after the final screening to be held at the WVSU gym. This was what the flood victims found to their dismay. Twenty years ago. Epigram LIKE father. 4.) BASIC RULES IN WRITING: ACCURACY. Walang Kwenta. y Hindi nag-aksaya ng oras ang mga awtoridad at agad na nagtungo sa bahay ng mga Domingo kung saan nakita nila si Merca na namumutla at kasalukuyan pa ring dinudugo. Siete Pecados.´ thus said Association of Dimwits president Don Pepot in a seminarworkshop yesterday in Brgy. Arianne Agnes Ciao. 2. Picture lead THE NEW principal. although only in her early thirties. structure. Question lead WHO WILL reign as Miss Intramurals this year? This will be known Aug. 5. She seldom talks. she talks with sense. Muntinlupa City habang pansamantalang inilibing ang sanggol na si Baby Merca sa Public Cemetery sa Bacoor. Identify the names mentioned. Watch out for errors in fact. water everywhere. clarity. Maaaring dagdagan o palitan ang mga salita kung kailangan. Herman Lagon Sr. 2. like son. is already silver-haired. brevity. List down all the data. grammar. Herman Lagon Jr. y Kasalukuyang nakakulong si Monica Merca. Quotation lead ³THE YOUTH sucks. Bo. (Ulat ni Herman Landi) y Itago ang kanyang pagbubuntis at panganganak. ipinasya na lamang niyang patayin ang sanggol. y Ayon naman sa amo ng suspek natatakot ito sa kanyang mga magulang dahil madalas umano itong sinasabihan na sagabal ang pagbubuntis sa kanyang trabaho. prejudice and bad taste. isang 17-anyos na babae ang dinakip ng mga awtoridad matapos na patayin ang kanyang sariling sanggol na kapapanganak pa lamang kamakalawa ng hapon sa Bacoor. y Ayon kay SPO3 Rodolfo Arboleda. Iloilo City was the dirtiest community. coherence. Avoid redundancy.Contrast lead FOUR MONTHS before the Green Drive. tubong-San Mariano. Write names in full when these are mentioned for the first time. 9. Punch lead VICTORY Day! Bonifacio High School celebrated March 18 its fifth victory in the city-wide journalism contest. y Tinungo ng mga pulis ang lugar at nakita nila na nakabigti ng panty ang leeg ng sanggol at nakabalot ng t-shirt na puti. Three months after the campaign. Write the story immediately. CLARITY [ABC] GAWAIN. 11. but when she does. Present the other details of the news in the next paragraphs to answer the question not yet answered. and style. Guimaras.
8. Check sluglines and paging sequences 15.% $. Recheck figures and totals. Straighten out ungrammatical construction. 3. speculations and statements on news which are without attribution or sources. A copy may be a news item. space. 9. w).font size 9.Lines or deck Unit Counting in headline The corresponding unit counts are given as follows: ½ unit ± jiltf . addresses. Errors in style 5. *** Duties of a copyreader: 1. an editorial.Bold .name of the story 2. Technical terms. redundancy TNR. Errors in grammar 3. Errors in structure Tagubilin/ Instruction 4. 4. 7. Check attributions and see to it that they are properly identified.font style 10. Shorten sentences and tighten paragraphs. identifications. 14. etc. or reports when they sound anomalous. Cross-out adjectives in news which tend to make a story sound over-written. Opinion and editorializing statements 18. Rewrite the story completely if it is poorly written. W . 11.COPYREADING Copyreading is much like the work of a communication arts teacher correcting compositions. Seditious and rebellious matter 7. Errors in fact Slug. illogical and incredible. Check names. Watch for libelous statements.% $) at I at 1 1 unit ± symbols like ? . Expressions contrary to law and good taste 3. Libelous and derogatory statements 3-18 TNRB/Kiker 6. but must never tamper with the facts unless he is sure of his corrections. claims. lahat ng maliit na titik (except m. all numbers 1 ½ units ± m at w. See that the paper¶s style requirements are strictly followed. 10. Challenge facts. 5.columns 8. Write headlines *** Headline Writing What to copyread 1. title. 6. jargons B. a feature story or any literary article. Delete all opinion. Cut a story to size or to the required length if necessary. 12. Rewrite the lead or the first few paragraphs whenever necessary. 2.1 to 2 words. figures. W) 2 units ± capital M. Verbal deadwood. all capital letters (except M. 13. lahat ng bantas (except ? . designations. Watch out for slanting or any attempt to present the story in a subtly biased way. except that he uses different symbols. slang.
This action might not be possible to undo. Are you sure you want to continue?
We've moved you to where you read on your other device.
Get the full title to continue listening from where you left off, or restart the preview.