INTI BAHAN AJAR UNTUK PEMBELAJARAN BIOLOGI DALAM BAHASA INGGRIS ( BASIC COURSE OF TEACHING BIOLOGY IN ENGLISH

)
Fungsi Bahasa Inggris dalam kelompok: Language functions related to: Unit 1. Pembukaan (Introduction) Ungkapan oleh Guru Expressions by the teacher 1.1. Salam pertemuan (Greetings) Good Morning, class/students! Hello, everyone! How are you? How are you getting on today? How’s life? How are the things with you? How are you feeling today? 1.2. Berdoa (Praying) Let’s pray, class/students! Why don’t we pray? It’s time to pray, isn’t it? 1.3. Mengenalkan diri (Introducing oneself) My name is Mr/Mrs/Miss Smith and I’m your new Biology teacher. I’ll be teaching you Biology this semester. I’m a teacher trainee. I’m a permanent teacher in this school. 1.4. Memeriksa kehadiran/absensi siswa (Checking the students’ presence/absence) Let me check your presence! Where is Lucy? Anybody knows? Is Rudy here? Is Tom absent today? Ken, do you know where Edwin is? Can anybody tell what is happening to Bill? I wonder where Susan and Tina are. 1.5. Menanyakan personil kelas (Asking the classroom personnels) Who is your class teacher? Who is the prefect? Who is the picket today? Who pickets today? Be a good students! Be careful! Be diligent! Be punctual next time! Be silent! 1

Be on time! 1.6. Menanyakan situasi/hari (Asking classroom situation) What day is it today? What day is today? And the date? What date is it today? What date is today? What a wonderful day! Oh, What a day! It’s a nice day, isn’t it? It’s a bright day, isn’t it?

Unit 2. Memulai Pelajaran (Beginning the Lesson)

Unit 3. Selama PBM berlangsung (During the Learning Process)

1.7. Menegur keterlambatan (Warning lateness) Why are you late? Why are you coming late? Where have you been? You are 10 minutes late, report the picket teacher! sorry, you can’t join the class. Stay out! I still allow you to join the class. Try not to be late next time. Try to be punctual next time. Let this be the last time to be late. Instruksi/Perintah (Instructions/Commands); Imperative Sentence 2.1 Menyiapkan pembelajaran I (Introduction ) Get/Bring/Give me a board marker, please! Where’s the eraser? Clean the board, please! Sweep the floor! Dust the table! Get your books ready! Get ………., ready! Come in! Come on, students! 3.1 Instruksi melakukan kegiatan (Instructions in the Learning Process) Get your books out! Books out, please! Out with your books, please! Let’s review last Monday’s Lesson. Look at exercise 15 on page 43. Now turn to page 44. Turn to the next page. Have a look at figure 4. Open your books! Close your books! 2

Open page 10! Listen to me! Listen and repeat after me! Let’s practice! Look at the board! Go to the front! Write your name/s on a sheet of paper! Order the numbers! Draw a tree on the board! Draw a picture of lungs! Do your homework! Underline the new words! Why don’t you copy! Come in and sit down, please! What about singing! How about discussing the problem! Say it again! Explain it once more! I’d rather you finished it at home. Cross out that word. Write your answer on the board Take turns, please Do it in turns Stick the picture on the board Make it clearer Improve your handwriting Next, please Now, it’s your turn Your turn? Whose turn is it now? Correct Mila’s answer Go to the front Back to your seat Raise your hands Explain more clearly Describe the process Read the sentence Underline the main points Ask the others Make groups Tell it in details 3.2 Perintah – perintah untuk TIDAK melakukan sesuatu (Instructions/Warnings NOT to do something) Don’t make any noise Don’t make a fuss Don’t do that Don’t talk, please Don’t be noisy 3

Don’t be careless Don’t be a fool Don’t be stupid Never do it again Never do such a thing Never do such things Stop talking 3.3 Dorongan dan Penguatan (Encouragement and Confirmation) a. Good Right Yes Fine Right you are Hm-hm Quite right Uh-huh b. That’s the way That’s right That’s quite right That’s it Yes, you’ve got it That’s correct You’ve got the idea c. Excellent Very good Magnificent That’s very good Terrific Well done Wow! Very fine Jolly good That’s nice Great stuff I like that Fantastic Marvelous You made a very good job of that d. That’s perfectly correct There’s nothing wrong with your answer what you said was perfectly all right you didn’t make a single mistake That’s exactly the point That’s just what I was looking for I couldn’t have given a better answer myself e. No, that’s wrong Not really Unfortunately not I’m afraid that’s not quite right You can’t say that, I’m afraid You can’t use that word here Good try, but not quite right f. Could be It depends It might be, I suppose 4

In a way, perhaps Sort of, yes 3.4 Sympathetic Cultural Expressions (Lihat lampiran hal 1-3) 3.5 The Members of The Family (Lihat lampiran hal 3-5) 3.6 Calling English Names (Lihat lampiran hal 5-7) 3.7 Greetings and Farewells (Lihat lampiran hal 7-9) 3.8 Occupations/Professions (Lihat lampiran hal 9-11) 3.9 Names of Countries, The Peoples and Their Languages (Lihat lampiran hal 12-14) 3.10 Telling Days (Lihat lampiran hal 14) 3.11 Telling Months (Lihat lampiran hal 15) 3.12 Telling English Numbers (Lihat lampiran hal 15-18) 3.13 Calling Telephone Numbers (Lihat lampiran hal 18-20) 3.14 Telling Calendars (Lihat lampiran hal 20-21) 3.15 Questions and Answers about : (Lihat lampiran hal 21-22) • • • • • The meaning of ---------The differences of ------The price of --------------The colours of -----------The opposites of ---------

3.16 The Physical Shapes (Lihat lampiran hal 23) 5

3.17 Questions and Answers about: measurements, dimensions, sizes, shapes (Lihat lampiran hal 23-24) 3.18 Tenses (Lihat lampiran hal 25-34) 3.19 Vocabulary Building (about Education, Science and Biology) (Lihat lampiran hal 34-80) 3.20 Telling Clock – Time (Lihat lampiran hal 80-81) 3.21 Graded Questions (Lihat lampiran hal 81-86) • Yes/No Questions • • Choice Questions Wh-/How - Questions

3.22 Making Statements with Cues and Making Questions (Lihat lampiran hal 86-90) 3.23 The Relative Clause/Adjective Clause (Lihat lampiran hal 90-93) 3.24 Making Definition (Lihat lampiran hal 94-95) 3.25 Perintah untuk mengerjakan soal (Instructions to do a test) Write your names on the right corner above! Read the instruction carefully! Choose the best answer by crossing the letter of your choice! Do the test on the answer sheet! Keep the test material clean! Choose the easiest problem! If you want to move your choice, cross out your previous choice then cross the letter of your new choice! Read by heart before answering the questions Do it by yourself! Don’t look at your neighbor’s work! There are some misprinted words to be corrected.

6

3.26 Peringatan menjelang waktu test habis (Attention by the time the test is over) 10 more minutes Check the questions you haven’t done yet It’s almost time to stop We still have 15 minutes left. There is another 5 minutes yet. It isn’t time to finish yet, is it? We have an extra 10 minutes. Check your work for the rest of the time. Sit still until the buzzer/bell rings. Wait until we hear the buzzer/bell ring. I don’t think you’re allowed to leave yet. Don’t go rushing off. I have something to tell you. Stay where you are for a moment. 3.27 Perintah saat waktu test/ujian habis (Instructions at the time of the test/exams is over) Time is up! No more time to work! Stop working! Put down your pens/pencils! No more works! Collect your works! Collect your text works together with the test materials! Don’t take any of the test materials. Leave both your test works and the test materials on the place. Pass the answer sheets to the front. Could the prefect collect the sheets, please! Could the student at the back of each row collect the sheets, please? Is there anyone who hasn’t submitted the work yet? Leave the place/the classroom quietly! Take a leave without any noise! Go out, don’t rush! Never forget any of your stationery!

7

Lampiran (Termasuk Inti Bahan Ajar):

3.4 Sympathetic Cultural Expressions (Ungkapan-ungkapan Budaya (Inggris) yang simpatik. Pengetahuan tentang ini penting sekali diketahui dan dipraktikkan dalam berkomunikasi karena hal ini merupakan “pelumas” untuk percakapan selanjutnya agar tidak terjadi kesalahpahaman. 1. 2. Ungkapan "Semoga berhasil": “Good luck!" "Selamat atas keberhasilan usaha/prestasi seseorang.":

"Congratulations!" 3. "Apa?" (minta mengulang pembicaraan karena kurang jelas): “Pardon me,Sir/Madam!” 4. "Permisi!" (jika/sebelum bertanya, mau lewat depan orang lain): “Excuse me!" 5. Untuk menyatakan prihatin atas suatu musibah: "I’m sorry to hear that!. 6. 7. Untuk ungkapan "Bela Sungkawa": May I express my condolence.! Untuk siap melayani/membantu seseorang: "Can I help you?", " May I help you?", "What can I do for you?" 8. 9. Minta didoakan untuk suatu usaha: "Wish me luck!" Untuk memperingatkan menyeberang jalan:"Look out! / Be careful

10. Untuk seorang yang luput dari bahaya:"Are you all right?" 11. Untuk ucapan Selamat Ulang Tahun:"Happy Birthday!" atau " Many happy returns of the day” 12. Untuk menjawab:"Thank you!" "You're welcome!" 13. Untuk menjawab: "I'm sorry" "Never mind!/No matter!/No problem!” 14. Untuk kirim Salam: "My wishes to ……" "My regards to……." "My best wishes to…..!" "My love to ………!” 15. Untuk menolak suatu tawaran:"No, thanks!"/ No, thank you!" 16. Untuk mengalihkan suatu pembicaraan: "By the way,….." (Omongomong). 17. Untuk mengatakan "Anggap di rumah sendiri!": "Make

yourself comfortable!" 1

18. Untuk “minta maaf”: "Forgive me” 19. Untuk menghibur kesedihan seorang teman: "Just forget it!" 20. Untuk mengucapkan “Selamat jalan!”: "Have a good trip!" atau "Have a nice journey!" 21. Untuk mengucapkan “Selamat (makan pagi, makan siang,belajar dst.)": “Have a good breakfast !", " Have a good study!", etc. Akhirnya, bila Anda akan berpisah dengan seseorang yang sudah mau melayani bincang-bincang dengan Anda, ucapkan ungkapan-ungkapan yang simpatik berikut ini: 1. It's (It has) been nice talking to you! Senang bisa bincang-bincang dengan Anda 2. I hope you enjoy your (vacation, trip, holiday, etc) Semoga Anda bisa menikmati (vakansi, perjalanan, liburan Anda dst.) 3. I hope we can meet again some day! Semoga kita dapat bertemu lagi di suatu waktu. 4. My best wishes/regards/My love to……. Kirim Salam buat …………….. 5. Good Bye! / So long! Till we meet again! Selamat berpisah! Sampai jumpa lagi! Exercise: Give responses to the following statements! 1. You: (couldn't hear a talk and want someone to repeat) ……........? Interviewer: "When did you graduate from your school?" 2. Feny You 3. You :" I'll take my test next week!" : …………….. : (ready to serve)

Your student :"Excuse me, Sir! ………… " 4. Someone You 5. Dody You 6. Joan You : "I'm sorry, I didn't keep my promise!" : …………………. :"…………….!” I'll take UM entrance test. : Okay! Good luck! :" I'll go back home to Australia tomorrow." :…………………. ! 2

7.

Rosa You

:" Would you forgive me for being too late!” : ……………! : "Sorry, Mum! I couldn't join your class because my grandpa passed away yesterday."

8.

Dona

You 9.

: …………….!

Tossy :"Wow, I got a 9 in my Math test." You : …………….! :"I've lost my motorcycle". : ………………….! :"Sorry, I must have got the wrong number!" (phoning) : ……………..!

10. Ken You

11. Someone You

12. You've been talking to a foreigner for some time; now, you want to part. You'd better say: a. b. c. d. e. Senang bisa bincang-bincang dengan Anda. Saya harap Anda dapat menikmati perjalanan Anda. Saya harap kita dapat bertemu lagi di suatu waktu. Salam saya buat keluargamu. Selamat berpisah, sampai jumpa lagi!

3.5 The Members of The Family, Relatives and Other People Anggota Keluarga, Sanak Saudara dan orang-orang lain 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. Orang Tua (Ayah + Ibu) Orang Tua Asuh Ayah angkat/ Ibu Angkat Ayah Kandung/Ibu Kandung Ayah Tiri/Ibu Tiri Kakek + Nenek Kakek/Nenek Paman Bibi : Parents : Foster Parents : Foster Father/Foster Mother : Natural Father/ Mother : Step Father/Mother : Grand Parents : Grandpa/Grandma : Uncle : Aunt : Parents in Law : Father/Mother in Law : Elder (older) sister : Younger/Little brother 3

10. Mertua 11. Ayah/Ibu Mertua 12. Kakak (perempuan) 13. Adik (laki-laki)

14. Sudara Sepupu (lk./Prp.) 15. Kemenakan (laki-laki) 16. Kemenakan (perempuan) 17. Saudara Ipar (laki-laki) 18. Saudara Ipar (perempuan) 19. Cucu (laki-laki) 20. Cucu (perempuan) 21. Cucu 22. Suami 23. Isteri 24. Gundik/Wanita Simpanan 25. WIL (Wanita Idaman Lain) 26. PIL (Pria Idaman Lain) 27. Janda 28. Duda 29. Mempelai perempuan 30. Mempelai pria

: Cousin : Nephew (baca: nefyu) : Niece (baca: ni:s) : Brother in Law : Sister in Law : Grandson : Grand Daughter : Grandchild/-children : husband : wife : Concubine (baca: kongkyebain) : Lady-Friend : Man-Friend : widow : widower : bride : (bride) groom

Brothers Parents Mother & father Parents

Ely

Gland

Robert

Nancy

Brothers & sisters

Brother & sisters

Cousins

Exercise l: 1. 2. 3. 4. What do you call your uncle's children? They are my ………. What do you call your brother's/sister's daughter? She is my ……… What do you call your brother's son? He is my …………… What do you call your brother's wife? She is my ………………. 4

5. 6. 7. 8. 9.

What do you call your husband's/wife's parents? They are my ……… What do you call your father's new wife? She is my ……………… What do you call your brother before you? He is my …………….. What do you call your sister after you? She is my ……………………. What do you call a man who adopts someone as his own child

10. What do you call your son’s daughter? She is my ……………. 11. What’s your relationship to your uncle's children? They are my ……. 12. What’s your relationship to your sister's husband? He is my….. 13. What’s your sister's son's relationship to you? He is my………….. 14. What’s your father's sister's relationship to you? She is my …… 15. What’s your mother's new husband's relationship to you ? He is my …

Exercise 2. Answer the Questions! 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. Are Gland and Robert Brothers? Are Ely and Nancy sisters? Is Ely Robert's sister? Is Nancy Gland's sister in law? What's Maya's relationship to Tom? What's Jim's relationship to Mira? Is Andi Mira's husband? What are their relationships? What's Mia's relationship to Robert?
Cousi Ely Gla Rob Nan Brother & Parents Mother & Brothe Praent

Brothers &

10. What's Gland's relationship to Andi? Practice by expanding those basic sentences among you!

3.6 Calling English names is very important. This is a part of their cultures, Unfortunately, many of Indonesian English learners neglect it. English Names: 1. Sebuah nama bisa terdiri dari

beberapa kata: yang pertama dinamakan first name; yang kedua surname (family name). Jika tidak ada

5

surname, yang kedua namanya last name. Examples: a. Susan Smith
(1st name) (Surname)

b. Kuki Kurniawan
(1 st name) (last name)

2.

Wanita yang masih single memiliki maiden names, yaitu nama pelengkap namanya sebelum menikah. Tetapi biasanya mereka

menggantinya dengan nama suaminya. 3. Penggunaan title seperti: Mr, Mrs, Miss and Ms. Title tersebut digunakan untuk situasi resmi (formal situation). Mr + laki-laki (male) baik yang sudah nikah maupun yang belum tetapi sudah cukup dewasa. Mrs + perempuan (female) yang sudah nikah Miss + perempuan yang masih single/anak (perempuan) Ms + semua perempuan Examples: The name is Susan Smith It's wrong to greet: Good morning Ms. Susan The right one is: a. Good morning, Susan (tanpa Mrs/Ms) b. Good morning, Ms. Susan Smith (title + nama lengkap) c. Good morning, Susan Smith (lengkap tanpa title) d. Good morning, Ms. Smith (title + Surname) 4. Panggilan-panggilan di tempat umum menggunakan: Sir, Madam atau Miss. 5. Ragam nama, dengan contoh-contoh: Mike Kate Sue Stephen 6. Mickey Katherine Susan Steven Michel Cathy Suzanne Stephanie Michael

Beberapa contoh dari Nicknames Nicholas dipanggil Nick Richard dipanggil Dick 6

Robert dipanggil Bob Margareth dipanggil Marge

Matthews dipangg:l Matt Anthony dipanggil Tony

Practice: Greet the following persons! Example: Bill Jones a. Hi, Bill! b. Good morning, Bill Jones c. How are you Mr. Bill Jones? d. Are you Mr. Jones?

1. George Bush 2. Barbara Stern 3. Edward Smith

4. Charles Dickson 5. Antonio Tavares 6. David Johnson

Practice : Use names above to continue the following expressions! 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. When can I see you again, ……………………? What can I do for you, …………………..? Your surname is ……………., isn't it? …………………! What do you think about Indonesian cultures? Mrs. ………….! How many kids have you got? Are you Miss …………………? Let me see, Mr. ……………..! (phoning). Is ………………. home? Call me ……………!

10. Shall I call you Ms. ……………..?

3.7 Greetings and Farewells Classroom Expressions. Conversation. Helen and Betty are classmates. They are studying together. Helen : Hello, Betty! Betty : Good afternoon, Helen. Helen : It's time to study now. Betty : Fine. Let's begin the lesson. 7

Heten : Please open your book, Betty! Betty : Yes. Let's read lesson Five. Helen : Do you understand Lesson Five? Betty : Yes, I understand Lesson Five. Helen : Do you understand Lesson Six? Betty : No, I don't understand Lesson Six. Helen : Let's study Lesson Six later. Betty : Yes. Let's stop now. Helen : Good night Betty. See you tomorrow morning! Betty : Good night, Helen. See you tomorrow!

Exercise l. Develop the following Patterns like the examples! 1. Student A: Good morning, Martha. afternoon evening day night bye Student B: It's time to study now. begin rest talk begin the lesson go home break Student A: Please open your book. read cover close keep Student B: Let's start now read listen keep silent go out take a rest have lunch 8

2.

3.

4.

do the homework 5. Student A: Do you understand Lesson six? the words the program the explanation Jack: Is it time to begin? (come in, go to the lab, break, have a meeting) 7. 8. Jim: Yes. Let’s begin now Jack: Good bye. See you tomorrow. (this afternoon, tonight, next time)

6.

3.8 Occupations/Professions
Occupation
1. A cloakroom attendant 2. A teacher 3. A technician

Work places
Department store School Laboratory

Activities
Keep items (things) Teach Teach in a lab.

Work duration
5 years 15 years 10 years

Transportation
by motorcycle by car by public transportation on foot in a bus on train

Times consumed
10 minutes Half (an) hour 30 minutes 15 minutes 1 hour 2 hours

4. A lecturer 5. A class teacher 6. A headmaster 7. An Official 8. A librarian

Campus/ college School School School office Library

Teach Manage a class Head a school Serve public Serve students who borrow books Cook meals etc

etc

9. A chef

10. A gardener 11. A clerk

Cafe, canteen, restaurant Garden, field Office

12. A typist 13. A nurse 14. A dentist 15. A petrol attendant

Office Hospital Hospital Petrol station

Clean the garden Send letters, invitation cards Type letters Serve patients Cure toothache Serve petrol customers

9

Practice: A. Making Statements Examples 1 occp. wrk pl. actv. w. d. trsp. t.c. a. b. c. d. e. f. Joni is a cloakroom attendant He works in the front part of a department store His job is to keep the customers’ things He has been working for 5 years He goes to work by motorcycle It takes 10 minutes to go to work by motorcycle

Examples 2 occp. wrk pl. actv. w. d. trsp. t.c. a. b. c. d. e. f. I’m a teacher I work at school I teach biology I’ve been a teacher for 15 years I go to school by car It takes half (an) hour to go to school by car

B. Making Questions of Examples No. 1 Examples occp. wrk pl. actv. w. d. trsp. t.c. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. What’s Joni? Where does he work? What’s his job? How long has he been teaching / a teacher? How does he go to school? How long does it take to go to school by car?

10

C. PROFESSIONS/OCCUPATIONS

Fill in the Spaces with Names of Occupations/professions! Example : ………..'s job is to cure patients. The doctor's job is to cure patients. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. ……………'s job is to investigate objects in a lab. ……………'s job is to sell clothes. ……………'s job is to sing songs in a club. ……………'s job is to play piano. Carlos shows the menu and serves the meals at a cafe because he's a……………. 6. 7. 8. 9. The man helps the woman paint a picture because he's a/an ……………. ……………is a man whose job is to repair motor vehicles. ……………is a woman whose job is to help other women give births. ……………is a person who works in a hospital.

10. ……………is a person who works in a library. 11. ……………is a man whose work is to make furniture. 12. ……………is an eye specialist.

11

3.9 Names of Countries, the Peoples and Their Languages. Ini merupakan pengetahuan yang sangat penting juga bagi pembelajar yang bisa memperluas wawasannya dan membantu untuk "go international"

Names of Countries/Regions, Peoples and Their Languages in Alphabetical order. N0. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. Countries/Regions Afghanistan Argentina/Argentine Australia Bangladesh Brazil Bruei Burma China Cuba Peoples (adjtv.) Afghan; Afghanistani Argentinian Australian Bangali; Bangalee Brazilian Bruneian Burmese Chinese Cuban Danish; Dane French British; Briton Greek 12 Burmese Chinese Cuban Danish; Dane French English Greek Languages Arabic Argentinian English Bengali; Bangalee. Brazilian

10. Denmark 11. France 12. Great Britain 13. Greece

14. Holland (Netherlands) 15. Hungary 16. Indonesia 17. Iraq 18. Italy 19. Japan 20. Java 21. Sunda 22. Sumatra 23. Bali 24. Papua 25. Peru 26. Sarawak 27. Saudi Arabia 28. Sweden 29. Tibet 30. Thailand

Dutch Hungarian Indonesian Iraqi Italian Japanese Javanese Sundanese *Sumatran Balinese Papuan Peruvian Sarawakian Saudi Arabian Swedish Tibetan Thai

Dutch Hungarian Indonesian Arabic Italian Japanese Javanese Sundanese Suma tran/-nese Balinese Papuan Peruvian

Arabic Swedish

Thai

Exercise l. Statements: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. Adam Smith is a tourist in Indonesia He is Canadian He comes from Canada. He speaks English. Cliff Richard comes from England. He is English He speaks English.

Exercise 2. Questions and Answers: Country Region Nationality Language : what country does Adam come from? : What region do you come from? : What is your nationality? : What language do you speak? 13

Reading. Put the words/Phrases in the brackets in their correct forms! Bali island is very popular all over the world. It is a part of (Indonesia). (Indonesia) people are very proud of it. Many foreign tourists like (German, Holland, France, Spain) tourists often come to see the beautiful Bali. Most (Asia) tourists are (Japan, China, Korea). (Europe) people say that they don’t want to die before visiting Bali. Even most tourists never leave (Sumatra). They want to see (Sumatra) tigers that are rare to be found in other countries. They also never leave (Java) to see (Java) cultures. Some (Java) tourist guides speak (England) very well because they have taken an (England) language course.

3.10 Telling Days A week has seven days The days of the week are: Sunday, Monday, Tuesday, Wednesday, Thursday, Friday, Saturday. Today is Wednesday. Yesterday was Tuesday and tomorrow will be Thursday. The day before yesterday was Monday and the day after tomorrow will be Friday.

Exercises: Answer the questions! 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. Today is Monday. What day is tomorrow? Tomorrow is……….. Today is Tuesday. What day is tomorrow? Tomorrow is ……….. Today is Wednesday. What day is tomorrow? Tomorrow is ………. Today is Thursday. What day is tomorrow? Tomorrow is …………. Today is Friday. What day is tomorrow? Tomorrow is …………… Today is Saturdav. What day is tomorrow? Tomorrow is ………… Today is Sunday. What day is tomorrow? Tomorrow is …………. Today is Monday. What day was yesterday? Yesterday was ……….. Today is Tuesday. What day was yesterday? Yesterday was ………..

10. Today is Wednesday. What day was yesterday? Yesterday was……… 11. Today is Thursday. What day was yesterday? Yesterday was ……….. 12. Today is Friday. What day was yesterday? Yesterday was …………….. 14

3.11 Telling Months (Woman) : A year has twelve months. A month has thirty or thirty one days. The months of the year are: January, February, March, .April, May, June, July, August, September, October, November, December.

Conversation : 1. Bill John 2. Harry Paul 3. Helen Martha 4. Mr. Green Mr. Brown 5. Jack Jim 6. John Edward 7. Paul Bill 8. Margaret Helen : What day is today? : Today is Sunday. : What day was yesterday? : I really don't know. Wasn't it Sunday? : Yesterday was Sunday, wasn't it? : Yes, it was. And today is Monday : What day is tomorrow? : Tomorrow is Tuesday : What month is it? : This is January. : This is January, isn't it? : Yes, it is. Last month was December. : Last month was December, wasn't it? : Yes, it was. : What month is next month? : Next month is February.

3.12 Telling Numbers A. Cardinal Numbers/Ordinal Numbers. Units of numbers 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. Belasan Puluhan Ratusan Ribuan Jutaan Triliyun : ……….. teen: thirteen, fifteen, etc. : ……….. ty: twenty, thirty, fifty, etc. : ……….. hundred. : ……….. thousand. : ……….. million : ……….. billion.

15

B. Cardinal/Ordinal Numbers in order 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 = zero / oh/nought = one / 1 st = first = two / 2 nd = second = three / 3 = third = four / 4 th = five / 5 th = six / 6 th = seven / 7 th = eight/th = nine/ 9 = ninth = ten / 10 th = tenth = eleven/th = twelve/twelfth = thirteen/th = fourteen/th = fifteen/th = sixteen/th = seventeen/th
th (fifth) rd

18 19 20 250 30 31 32 33 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 101 102 1,000

= eighteen/th = nineteen/th = twenty/ -tieth = two hundred and fifty = thirty/-tieth = thirty one / 31 st = thirty two / 32 nd = thirty three / 33 rd = forty/-tieth = fifty/-tieth = sixty/-tieth = seventy/-tieth = eighty/-tieth = ninety/-tieth = a / one hundred / 100 th = 101st (one hundred first) = 102
nd

= a / one thousand

1,000,000 = a / one million Examples: a. 5,013 = five thousand and thirteen

b. 6,030,942 = six million thirty thousand nine hundred and forty two

C. Decimal Fraction Bahasa lnggris menggunakan dot (.), yang dibaca point, untuk menuliskan pecahan desimal. Bilangan sesudah dot (.), dibaca menurut satuannya. Examples: 1. 4.52 2. 3.05 3. 0.738 4. $ 75.20 5. £ 80.20 = four point five two = three point oh five = (nought) point seven three eight = seventy five dollars twenty cents = eighty pounds twenty pence

Note: ordinal numbers digunakan untuk: 16

a. menyebutkan "penyebut" pada bilangan pecahan. b. menyebutkan tanggal c. tingkatan/periode ke ........

D. Vulgar Fraction: pembilang: cardinal, penyebutnya ordinal numbers. 1 = a (one) half 2 1 = a (one) quarter 3 2 = two thirds 3 230 81 3 Untuk bilangan yang kompleks: Exercise: Say in English 3 1. 530 = ……………………. 7. 17 407 3 2. 813,974 = …………………….. 8. 5 9. $ 499,226.25 10. £ 7.50 = …………………. = …………………. = …………… = …………………. 5 469 = Five and three over four, six, nine 4 7 = two hundred and thirty and seven eighty firsts 4 3 = three quarters 1 = a (one) quarter

3. 60,002,531= ……………………. 4. 40,712 = ……………………

5. 381,404.752 =……………….. 4 6. 10 = ……………… 63 Exercise:

11. Rp 5,113,005 = ……………….

Questions and Answers about Numbers. Perkalian (Multiplication); Question Answer or Q A : What is 4 multiplied by 6? : 4 multiplied by 6 equals/is equal to 24. : What is 4 times 6? : 4 times 6 is 24. 17

Pembagian (Division): Question Answer : What is 225, divided by 15? : 225 divided by 15 equals/is equal to 15

Penjumlahan (Addition): Question Answer : What is 13 added to 15? : 13 is added to 15 equals/is equal to 28.

Pengurangan (Subtraction): Question Answer Or Q A : What is 50 subtracted by 30? : 50 subtracted by 30 equals/is equal to 20. : What is 50 minus 30? : 50 minus 30 is 20.

Pangkat (POWER): Example : 3 10 = three to the tenth power.

Akar (Radical) Q A : What is the radical of 4? : The radical of 4 is 2.

Kuadrat (Square) Q A : What’s the square of 36 : The square of 36 is 6

3.13 Calling Telephone Numbers. Ungkapan- ungkapan bertelepon: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Hello! Good Morning. Is it (570113)? May I speak to Iwan, please? Is Frida home? This is Nanik. Can I speak to Ida, please? 6. 7. Sorry. Wrong number! Good bye! Sorry. Julia is out at the moment.

18

8. 9.

Could you leave a message for her? Sorry; it's a private line. Thanks.

10. Hello! May I help you? 11. Good day! What can I do for you ? 12. Why not leave a message? (= Please leave a message) 13. Is it a party line or a private line? 14. What's your phone number? 15. Hello, it's Mia speaking! 16. Shall I send her the message? (Do you want me to send her the message?)

Istilah-istilah telepon: 1. telepon jarak jauh = long distance call 2. 3. 4. telepon jarak dekat = local call rekening telepon = telephone bill memutar nomor telepon = to dial the number 5. 6. 7.
Nama-nama peralatan telepon 1. 2. Tempat nomor = switchboard Gagang telepon = telephone receiver 3. 4. 5. Kabel telepon = telephone wire telephone numbers. tempat bertelepon (umum) = telephone booth

rnengangkat telepon = to pick up the telepon umum- = public telephone telepon rumah = home telephone denda/didenda= fine; (be) fined tetap dipegang = hang up

8. 9.

10. terputus = cut off 11. nada dering = dial tone. 12. call collect 13. collect call 14. jaringannya sibuk = the line is busy. 15. telephone operator 16. kode wilayah = the telephone area code 17. the information telephone number. 19

18. nomor HP = mobile number 19. nada dering HP = the beep of mobile.

Talking on the Telephone. Points of Departure 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. What is the telephone number of your house? What is the telephone number of your office? What is your mobile number? How often do you usually receive a telephone call? How often do you speak on the telephone a day? Which costs more, talking on the telephone or on the mobile? How much does it cost to make a local call? Tell some area codes you know throughout Java? How do you make a long distance call?

10. When do you hear the dial tone? 11. Which costs less - a local call or a long distance call? 12. What do you do when the telephone line is busy? 13. Tell, how to make a call! 14. What do you do when one of your family members receives a call but he/she is out at the moment? 15. Who uses the telephone the most in your family? Why? 16. What terms do you find in SMS?

3.14 Telling Calendar Example (pattern) : Today is Saturday, August 26 th, 2007 = Today is Or August the twenty sixth 2007

: Today is the twenty sixth of August 2007 Today is (hari), bulan + tanggal (in ordinal numbers) tahun

Exercise: Tell the dates in the asterik marks! A G U S Sun 1* 8 15* Mon 2* 9* 16 Tues 3* 10 17 Wednes 4 11* 18 20 Thurs 5* 12 19* Fri 6 13 20* Sat 7 14 21* 2 0 0 1

T

22* 29

23 30*

24 31

25*

26

27

28

Practice: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. What's your telephone number? When were you born? What's the telephone area code for Malang? When's the Christmas Day? When's the Kartini's Day? When's the Hero's Day When's the Indonesian Independence Day? What's the information telephone number? When's Malang Anniversary?

10. When's the Waysak's Day? 11. When's the Valentine Day?

3.15 Pola-Pola Tanya–Jawab tentang ( Questions and Answers about): 1. Arti (The meaning of) or 2. : What does …………………………. mean? : What’s the meaning of …………………… ?

Singkatan/Kepanjangan dari : What does …………………stand for? or : What’s the abbreviation of…………. ?

3. 4.

Perbedaan antara … dan … : What’s the difference between …. and ….. ? Harga sesuatu or : What’s the price of ………………… ? : How much does ……………. .. cost? : What’s the colour of ………………..? : What’s the opposite of ………………?

5. 6.

Warna sesuatu Lawan kata

Examples: 1. Arti : What does thorough mean? : It means complete. or : What’s the meaning of ‘thorough’? : The meaning of ‘thorough’ is complete. 2. Singkatan/Kepanjangan dari: What does UNO stand for? : UNO stands for United Nations Organization.

21

or: What’s the abbreviation of UNO ? : The abbreviation of UNO is (s d a) 3. Perbedaan antara ….. dan …: What’s the difference between ‘man’ and ‘boy’? : man is ‘old’ and ‘boy’ is young. 4. Harga sesuatu : What’s the price of your T-Shirt? : It’s Rp.45,000. or : How much does your T-Shirt cost? : It costs Rp.45,000. 5. Warna sesuatu : What’s the colour of Nia’s motorcycle : It’s red. 6. Lawan kata : What’s the opposite of ‘wide’? : The opposite of ‘wide’ is narrow

Exercise. Make questions and answers using the prompts. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. excellent colourful deaf mute p.t.o. DNA PTA wife # girl. male # female. = Rp.60,000. = Rp.3,000,000. = brown. = very good = full of colours = cannot hear. = cannot speak. = please turn over. = deoxyribose nucleic acid = Parent- Teacher Association.

10. your dictionary 11. a good bicycle 12. jacket

13. your new motorcycle = blue. 14. old # young. 15. brave # afraid (scared).

22

3.16 The Physical Shapes = Bentuk Gambar Fisika. The Shapes = Bentuk - Bentuk 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. = Oval = circle = cone = Cube; cubic (adj.) = Square = Triangle = Pyramid = Cylinder; cylindrical (adj.) = Obtuse angle = perpendicular = intersection = curved = acute = parallel lines = rectangle; rectangular (adj.)

3.17 Pola-Pola Tanya-Jawab tentang: ukuran (measurements), dimensi (dimensions), ukuran pakaian (sizes), dan bentuk (shapes). 1. panjang sesuatu (the length of) or 2. lebar sesuatu (the width of) or 3. ketinggian (manusia) : How long is ………………….? : What’s the length of …………? : How wide is ………………… ? : What’s the width of ………….? : How tall are you/is……………? 23

4.

ketinggian (bukan manusia) or

: How high is …………………..? : What’s the height of …………..? : How much do you/does ……weigh? or : What’s the weight of ………….. ? : What size is …………………….? : What’s the size of ………………? : How thick is …………………… ? or : What’s the thickness of ……….. ? : How deep is ……………………. ? or : What’s the depth of ……………...? : How fast do you/does he,she……. ?

5.

berat/bobot

6.

ukuran jenis pakaian (size of) or

7.

ketebalan (the thickness of)

8.

Kedalaman (the depth of)

9.

kecepatan (the velocity of)

10. bentuk (the shape of) or 11. Luas (The broad of ) or Examples : 1.

: What shape is …………………….? : What’s the shape of …………….. ? : What’s the broad of ………………? : How broad is ……………………. ?

Question : How long is the table ? or Answer : It’s 2 m long.

: What’s the length of the table? : It’s 2 m long.

2.

Q : How tall are you ? A : I’m 1.67 cm tall.

3.

Q : How wide is the river ? A : It’s 10 m wide.

or : What’s the width of the river? : It’s 10 m wide.

Exercise : Make questions and answers of the following items! 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. The sack The well The table The building The door The shoes The wall The jacket The table = 50 kg = 10 m = square = 50 m = 90 cm/190 cm = 39 = 20 cm = L. = round/160 cm/60 cm/ 55 kg. = 15 km/3 m/10 m. 24

10. The river

3.18 TENSES. Tenses ialah perubahan bentuk kata kerja (verbs) yang menjadi predicate yang dipengaruhi oleh waktu, kapan? kegiatan itu dilakukan. Tidak ada kalimat

berbahasa Inggris tanpa tenses. Karena itu, pemahaman penggunaan tenses sangatlah penting untuk dikuasai. Contoh, kegiatan "menulis = write". Jika "write" di gunakan: 1. pada saat ini (dalam Present Continuous/Present Progressive Tense), structure kalimat statementnya menjadi: a. Active Voice Subject - am/is/are - writing - etc. Examples : I am writing English now. Look! Iwan is writing something. b. Passive Voice Subject – am/is/are – being + vb 3 (by…..) ……..etc Example : Wait! The letter is being written Question : Is the letter being written? 2. pada waktu yang tidak tentu (sometimes, rarely), sering/jarang (often, seldom, once a week, once in a while), rutin (always, everyday, etc.), dalam SIMPLE PRESENT TENSE structure kalimat statementnya adalah: a. Active Voice Subject (I, You, We, They, Children, People, Men, + Jamak)+ often write articles, in newspapers. “not = negative” : The students do not (don’t) write articles in newspapers. Question : Do the students write articles in newspapers?

b. Subject (Lucia, My mother, Daddy etc.) often writes articles in newspapers. “not = negative” : - Lucia does not (doesn’t) write any articles in newspapers. Question Passive Voice: Rumusnya: Subject (penderita) – am/is/are + Verbs III – (by….) → etc 25 : Does Lucia write any article in newspapers?

Passive Voice

: Advertisements are often written in newspapers. Biology is rarely written in newspapers.

3.

untuk waktu yang "akan" datang (dalam Present Future Tense) dengan tanda-tanda waktu seperti: this morning, this afternoon, this evening, tonight, tomorrow, next week, later dsb. Structure kalimatnya : Subject - will write - object ………....etc. a. Active Voice or Example : Subject - will write - .......... : Subject - am/is/are--going-to write - object ..... : Beny will write a book next year.

“not = negative” : Beny will not (won’t) write a book next year. Question : Will Beny write a book next year?

b. Passive Voice : Subject - will be written (by.....) ......... or Example Question 4. : Subject - am/is/are going to be written (by....) : This announcement will be written by Beny next year. : Will this announcement be written by Beny next year.

pada waktu yang terjadi "ketika itu/lampau" dalam Simple Past Tense dengan tanda-tanda waktu: this morning, this afternoon, last night, two days ago, yesterday. Structure kalimatnya: a. Active : Subject - verbs (regular+ed/d, irregular verbs II) etc. Jony wrote a novel two years ago. "not" : Jony didn't write anything last night.

Questinon : Did Jony write something last night? b. Passive : Subject - was/were-written (Verbs - 3) by.......

The story was written three years ago. 5. pada waktu lampau dan masih berlangsung sampai sekarang, yaitu dalam Present Perfect Continuoua/Progressive Tense dengan Time Signal: for =selama, since, until now. a. Subject (I, You, We, They, +jamak) - have - been – verbs (ing) ...... Contoh : I 've been writing the papers for half an hour, haven't I?

b. Subject (Frida, Sudan, My Uncle, etc.) Contoh Question : Frida has been writing the papers for half an hour. : Has Frida been writing the papers for half an hour? 26

6.

mulai waktu yang sudah lewat, entah mulai kapan, tetapi sekarang sudah selesai, yang dinyatakan dengan Present Perfect Tense. Dengan structure a. Active Voice Contoh : Subject - have/has - verbs 3 .............etc : - idem –

: Frida has written 3 novels until now. The students have written articles about cells for two weeks.

"not" = "belum" "Sudahkah....? b. Passive Voice

: I haven't written anything for a week. : Have you written the assignment ? : Subject – have/has – been – verbs 3 by ......

"sudah di + kata kerja" Contoh 7. : The document has been written for years.

"sudah selesai" dalam Past Perfect Tense a. sebelum waktu lampau. Dengan structure: Subject – had – verbs 3 before + waktu lampau. Contoh : Tina had written the announcement before yesterday.

b. sebelum peristiwa/kegiatan lain terjadi waktu lampau. Contoh: Actice : Tina had written the announcement before an official of the office took it out of the board. Passive : The application letter had been written by the time you went out last Saturday. Question 8. : Had the letter been written before yesterday?

"sudah selesai" dikerjakan dalam Present Future Perfect Tense a. sebelum waktu yang akan datang dengan structure kalimat: Active Contoh : Subject – will/shall – have – verbs 3 before (future time). : Melly will have written something, about anatomy before next year. Passive Contoh : Subject – will – have been + Vb 3 – (by…) …… : The notice will have been written before next month

b. sebelum peristiwa lain akan terjadi Contoh : I will have written two topics about that before the teacher asks me to. Structurenya : Subject - will/shall – have – verbs 3 before/by the time 27

subject – verbs (simple present),.... 9. Past Continuous/Progressive Tense dengan bentuk structure : Subject – was/were – verbs + ing when –subject – verbs (simple past )---- etc. Untuk menyatakan suatu kegiatan sedang berlangsung, ketika saat itu juga ada kegiatan lain terjadi., atau kegiatan yang sedang terjadi pada waktu lampau . Examples : a). I was observing things when Nia knocked at the door of the lab. : At 9 o’clock yesterday we were doing the exams. b) Arif was having breakfast, while his friends were having snacks at a café yesterday morning. Exercise 1 Make Questions and Answers with activities (verbs) in the Present

Continuous/Progressive Tense, and fill in the spaces with activities (verbs) sensible/suitable with the next words/phrases. Examples: Prompts : Anita/peel a mango, 1. Question : What is Anita doing? Answer 2. : She is (She's) peeling a mango

Prompts : Joni and Mary/make an experiment in the lab. Question : What are Joni and M a r y d o i n g ? Answer : They are making an experiment.

3.

Prompts : Karmen/ ……… a song. Question : What is Karmen doing? Answer : He is (He's) (writing, singing, revising, ect.) a song.

Do the same thing! 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. Cues Cues Cues Cues Cues Cues Cues Cues : Sally/take a long breath. : Rita/conduct a research in the farm. : the students/cultivate the school park. : the clerk/water the park. : the women/concoct the spices. : the people/feast in the honor of their ancestors. : the disciplines/ ………… the new lesson. : Romy/ ………. the public transportation. 28

9.

Cues

: the geese/………. the earth-worms. : the wolves/ ………. a deer. : the foreign tourists/ ………. a bull-race. : the farmers/ …………. paddy in the rice-field.

10. C u e s 11. C u e s 12. C u e s

Exercise 2 Questions and Answers with activities (verbs) in the Present Perfect Tense. Examples : 1). prompts : Lely/finish her paper. Question : What has Lely done? Answer 2). : She has (She's) finished her paper.

prompts : the workers/pack the tobacco. Question : What have the workers done? Answer : They have packed the tobacco.

Do the same thing! 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. you/submit my assignment to the teacher. that boy/burn the garbage. the men/fertilize the plants. the gardener/throw the bad apples. your brother/cut the branches of the tree. the author/ …………. two student’s handbooks. Indra/ …………. 100 stamps until now. the mechanics/ ………. the car-machines. the traders/ ………. sold out the articles.

10. scientist/ ………. the results of his research.

Exercise 3 Make questions and answers with activities (verbs) in the Past Perfect Tense. Example: Cues : the headmaster/take a Japanese course before last May.

Question : What had the headmaster done before last May? Answer : He had taken a Japanese course before last May. 29

1.

the secretary/learn to communicate in German before she went to Germany.

2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11.

Irene/study economy before she left for America last year. your son/have breakfast before he went to school this morning. the students/read the test materials by the time they got the test. Henry/see a doctor before yesterday. Jack/ ………. his ducks before her mother arrived home an hour ago. Sandra/ ………. some fruit before I came home. Frank/ ………. before the second break. Helen and David/ ………. when I told them to do that. the officials/not ………. their desks at 8 o’clock this morning. the driver/ ………. his truck before the accident happened.

Exercise 4 Make questions and answers with activities (verbs) in the Simple Present Tense. Examples: 1. Mr. Amir/take his children to school every morning. Q. A 2. : What does Mr. Amir do every morning? : He takes his children to school every morning.

the employees/make shoes in the factory. Q A : What do the employees do in the factory? : They make shoes in the factory.

Do the same thing! 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. Melly/sing songs in the club. your uncle/read newspapers every day. the doctor/control his patients in the hospital. the medicians/take care of the patients. the engineer/design the construction building. the stewardesses/ ………. passengers in the plane. the waitress/ ………. the guests in the cafe. the police/ ………. crimes. archeologist/ ………. the cultural heritage. 30

1 0 . your father/ ………. the money

Exercise 5 Make questions and answers with activities in the Present Future Perfect Tense. Example: prompts : you/be in Dili before next Sunday. Question : What will you have done by next Sunday? Answer : I/We will have been in Dili by next Sunday.

Do the same thing! 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. Andrew/wash all his clothes before he goes to Medan next week. Fredy/study English before next year. the students/clean the desks before their teacher comes in. the guards/stand by at the airport before the president arrives. the food sellers/sweep the street before 8 o'clock tomorrow. the wall-clock/be repaired before this evening. the typist/ ………. the material before next Friday. your mother/ ………. her hair before she attends the wedding party. Tuty/ ………. the news before tomorrow afternoon.

10. Yudi/ ………. his calorie before he comes to the finish.

Exercise 6 Make questions and answers with verbs in the Past Continuous Tense. Examples: 1. you/eat dinner when I heard a bomb. Q. : What were you doing when you heard a bomb? A. : I was eating dinner when I heard a bomb. 2. the fishermen/catch fish when I saw them. Q. : What were the fishermen doing when you saw them? A. : They were catching fish when I saw them.

Do the same thing! 1. Evy/make a telephone call when her friends arrived there. 31

2.

Dody and his sister/help their mother while their father was reading a magazine.

3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9.

Heny/review her new lesson at 7 that evening. the cook/fry meat when the chef came there. the kid/play a doll when her mother found her. the maid-servant/ ………. the meals at the tables. your mother/ ………. the cuisine while daddy was crushing the spices. Novi/ ………. the blanket when Susan saw her. Wimbo/ ………. while his wife was burning some incense (kemenyan).

10. the looters/ ………. the things in the shop when we saw them. 11. the men/ ………. the window when the owner of the house woke up. 12. Susi/ ………. in her room when her mother called her.

Exercise 7. Questions and Answers about activities in the Present Future Tense. Examples : a) your son/conduct a research next month. Question : What will your son do next month ? Answer : He will conduct a research.

b). the students/investigate the mould in the lab. Question : What are the students going to do in the lab ? Answer : They are going to investigate the mould.

c) the carpenter/ --------- the wood this afternoon. Question : What will the carpenter do this afternoon ? Answer : He will (saw, gather, cut, burn – etc.) the wood this afternoon.

Do the same thing ! 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. mechanic/repair the machine of the van. the historian/book the cultural heritage. the librarian/collect new books next June. the writer/look for old stories the day after tomorrow. your uncle/scrutinize the substance in the lab. Mr. Brown/………. the abuse of drugs. 32

7. 8. 9.

Susan/………… two helpings of jam. Karen/……….. dresses in the store this evening. George/………. Bali for a week next month.

10. Bill/……………. to drive a car tomorrow.

Exercise 8. Questions and Answers with activities in Simple Past Tense. Examples: Prompt: The clerk/serve the guest this morning. Q. What did the clerk do this morning ? A. He served the guest this morning.

Do as the example. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. the lecturer/explain about the learning process last week. your brother/tow the damaged car yesterday. the child/tear your book this morning. your daughter/go swimming last Saturday. your parents/attend a wedding party two days ago. your mother/…………. the flowers. Tine/……………. the mango this morning. Fred/………….paddy in the rice field a week ago. Shinta/………….a calendar that evening.

10. the people/…………….. the injured men last Friday. 11. the supervisor/…………… some senior high schools. 12. Lidia/…………….to deliver a speech in the meeting. 13. Anton/…………… to formulate the theory. 14. Carolous/…………….living in the suburb. 15. the instructor/…………..writing the summary.

Exercise 9. Questions and Answers with activities in The Present Perfect Continuous/ Progressive Tense. (Subject – have/has – been – verbs+ing ------------etc.). Example : Prompts :Corry/wait for the bus for an hour. 33

Question : What has Corry been doing so far? Answer : She has been waiting for the bus.

Do as the example ! 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. Tom/study physics since yesterday. Ruly/learn to drive for three days. Nina/sleep since 9 o’clock. Mummy/cook all morning. Rudy/work for 8 hours Deny/………..until now. Aida/…………for hours. Yanti/………..for an hour. Prita/………...newspaper.

10. your old friend/…………math until now.

3.19 VOCABULARY BUILDING = PEMBENTUKAN KOSAKATA. Education termasuk Biologi (MIPA) Kosakata (Word - Power) merupakan bagian yang sangat penting untuk mengembangkan kemampuan berbahasa Inggris baik untuk memahami text maupun, dalam hal ini, untuk mendukung kemampuan berbahasa Inggris (Speaking). Banyak cara untuk mengembangkan Word - Power. Salah satu cara

terbaik ialah dengan mengelompokkan kata-kata menurut jenisnya ; yaitu berdasarkan: 1. kegiatannya yang berupa kata kerja (verbs) dalam suatu lingkup (ranah) 2. benda-benda (objects,things) dalam lingkup itu 3. keadaan/sifat-sifat (yang berbentuk adjectives) dalam lingkup itu 4. orang-orang (personnel) yang terkait dalam lingkup itu. Contoh dari gabungan unsur-unsur di atas: Lingkup (ranah) di dalam kelas. Activities (verbs) : Guru : - mengajar - menulis - mendikte = teach = write = dictate 34

- menjelaskan = explain dst. Siswa : - mendengarkan = listen (to) - mengerjakan - bertanya dst. = do = ask

Benda-benda dalam kelas : - kapur - penggaris - papan tulis - bangku dst. Orang-orangnya : Guru Siswa/murid Wali Kelas Ketua Kelas = teacher = student/pupil. = class teacher = prefect (bc. prifekt) = chalk = ruler = board = desk

Keadaannya/Sifat (adjective): - enggan - malas - rajin - ramai/gaduh - absent dst. = reluctant = lazy = diligent = noisy = absent

Bagaimana merangkaikannya dalam Speaking (Conversation)? BENTUK DIALOGUE Teacher and student. Teacher Student Teacher : Who is absent now, class? : No one, Sir! : Let’s study lesson 5. Open page 10! Andy, get me chalk, please! 35

Andy Teacher ! Dst.

: Here you are, Sir! : I wonder why this class is noisy

Dalam bentuk statements/story telling: Our class is a good one. We are diligent students and very attentive to our teachers. While the teacher is explaining the lesson, we are listening to him.We answer the teacher’s questions correctly. Our class is not noisy. Yudi, the captain of the class is very kind either to us or to the teachers. Our classteacher is Mrs. Linda. She is kind, patient and helpful.

LINGKUNGAN PENDIDIKAN = ABOUT EDUCATION Tingkat (jenjang) Pendidikan = the Levels of Education A. B. C. D. E. F. Istilah-istilahnya dan hal-hal yang terkait Personalianya (Personnels) Benda-bendanya (Things/Objects) di setiap bagian Sifat/Karakater guru dan siswa (Adjectives) Aktivitas-aktivitasnya (Verbs) Tanya jawab (Questions and Answers/Interview)

A. Istilah-istilahnya dan hal-hal yang terkait Indonesia 1. 2. 3. 4. T.K (taman Kanak-kanak) SD (Sekolah dasar) SD Negeri SD Swasta Inggris = Kindergarten/Nursery School = Elementary school = State Elementary School = Private Elementary School (Secondary School) 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. SMP (Sekolah Menengah Pertama) SMA (Sekolah menengah Atas) SMK (Sekolah Menengah Kejuruan) STM (Sekolah Teknik Menengah) Sekolah Keperawatan = Junior High School = Senior High School = Vocational School = Technical High School = School of Nursing

36

10. Perguruan Tinggi 11. Perguruan Tinggi Negeri 12. Perguruan Tinggi Swasta 13. Program Diploma 14. Program S-1/Program studi 4 th 15. Program S-2

= College = State College = Private College = Diploma Program = Undergraduate = Program Post Graduate Program

16. Program Doktor 17. Universitas 18. Universitas Negeri 19. Universitas Swasta

= Doctorate Program = University = State University = Private University

Peristilahan di Perguruan Tinggi = Terms at College States PTS (Perguruan Tinggi Swasta) = the Classifications of Private College 1. 2. 3. 4. terdaftar diakui disamakan = registered = acknowledged = equalized

terakreditasi = accredited

Klasifikasi Kelulusan: 1. 2. 3. Summa Cum Laude Magna Cum Laude Cum Laude Indonesia 1. Fakultas Fakultas ekonomi Fakultas kedokteran 2. Jurusan Jurusan Teknik Sipil Jurusan Tata Kota (Planologi) = Faculty = Economic faculty = Medical faculty = Department = Civil Engineering = Department Urban Planning Department Jurusan Tehnik Mesin = Mechanical Engineering Department Jurusan Kepariwisataan 37 = Tourism Department : bernilai: 3,90 - 4,00 : bernilai: 3,80 - 3,89 : bernilai: 3,60 - 3,79 Inggris

3.

Ketua Jurusan Ketua Jurusan Bahasa Inggris

= Head Department = the Head of English Department

Sekretaris Jurusan 4. Dekan Dekan Fakultas Sastra 5. BAK (Biro Administrasi Kemahasiswaan) 6. BAU (Biro Administrasi Keuangan)

= Secretary Department = Dean = the Dean of Literary Faculty = The Bureau of Administration of Student Affairs = The Bureau of Administration and Financial Affairs

7. 8. 9.

Seksi/bagian SKS (Satuan Kredit Semester) IP/K (Indeks Prestasi/kumulatif)

= Section = Credit Semester; credit hour = (cumulative) grade point average (GPA)

10. Penelitian 11. Makalah 12. Abstrak 13. Naskah 14. Studi Banding 15. Ceramah 16. Lulusan 17. Angkatan (2004)

= Research = Paper = Abstract = Document = Comparative study = Lecture = Graduate = Generation (2004)

B. Personalianya (Personnels) Orang-orang seputar kampus = People at campus Indonesia 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. Pengelola Yayasan Rektor Pembantu Rektor (I, II, III) Dosen Dosen Tak tetap (LB) Dosen Penasehat Akademik Dosen Tamu 38 Inggris = Foundation Manager = Rector = Assistant Rector (I, Il, III) = Lecturer = Part-Time Lecturer = Academic Advisor = Guest Lecturer

8. 9.

Petugas Laboratorium Kabag Personalia

= Technician; instructor = Personnel Manager = Campus Official = Campus Guard = Typist; computer operator = Clerk = Researcher = Examination Team = Examiner = Examinee = Participant = Panelist = Workmate = MC (Master of Ceremony) = Presenter = Moderator = Invitee (s) = Expert = Scientist = Note-taker = College Student = Technical College Student = Scholar = Study Assignment Student

10. Pegawai/karyawan 11. Petugas Keamanan Kampus 12. Peketik 13. Pegawai biasa-biasa 14. Peneliti 15. Panitia Ujian 16. Penguji 17. Peserta Ujian 18. Peserta- (seminar) 19. Panelis 20. Teman Kerja 21. Pembawa Acara(rapat/pertemuan) 22. Penyaji 23. Moderator 24. Tamu Undangan 25. Ahli 26. Ilmuwan 27. Penulis (dalam seminar) 28. Mahasiswa 29. Mahasiswa Teknik 30. Sarjana 31. Mahasiswa Tugas Belajar

Klasifikasi Mahasiswa: 1. Freshman menyelesaikan program studi 2. Sophomore menyelesaikan program studi 3. Junior menyelesaikan program studi 4. Senior menyelesaikan : 0-27 unit lessons : 0-28 unit lessons : 0-60 unit lessons : 0-90 units = 180 grade points = 120 grade points = 56 grade points = 54 grade points

39

program studi

lessons

Orang-orang di sekolah = People at School 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19. 20. 21. 22. Indonesia Kepala Sekolah Pria/wanita Wakil Kepala sekolah Wali Kelas Guru Pegawai sekolah Kepala (bagian) Personalia Peketik Pegawai Kecil Petugas Laboratorium Praktikan/pemagang Siswa/murid Teman satu Kelas Teman Teman Bermain Teman Sekolah Tukang Kebun Sopir Sekolah Petugas SATPAM Sekolah Pengawas Penilik Sekolah Dewan sekolah Ketua Kelas Inggris = Headmaster/ Headmistress = Assistant Master = Class-Teacher = Teacher = School-Official = Personnel Manager = Typist; computer operator = Clerk = Technician; instrutor = Practitioner/apprentice = Student; pupil = Classmate = Friend = Playmate = Schoolmate = Gardener = School Driver = School Guard = Supervisor = Superintendent = School council = prefect (bc. prifekt)

Lain-lain: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. Indonesia Lapangan sekolah Lagu Nasional (Indonesia Raya) Pondok Pesantren di sekolah Pondok Pesantren umum Daftar hadir Formulir pendaftaran Inggris = Play ground; school yard = The National Anthem = Islamic School Camp = Islamic Boarding House = Attendance register = Registration form

40

7.

Pendaftar Kelas 1 Kelas 2 Kelas 3

= Registrant = 1st grade/grade 1 = 2nd grade/grade 2 = 3rd grade/grade 3 = Registrar = The National Standardized Final Examination

8. 9.

Pendaftar (pencatat) EBTANAS/UAN

10. Jurusan 11. IP (K)

= Department = (Cumulative) grade point average (GPA)

12. Raport 13. Ketua Jurusan

= report card; transcript = The department Chair of……./ The head department of……..

14. Mata pelajaran wajib 15. Guru piket 16. Upacara 17. Jam pelajaran (jumlahnya) 18. Jam pelajaran (urutannya) 19. Kasus 20. Acara pelepasan/perpisahan 21. Hari wisuda 22. Rapat 23. Mengheningkan cipta

= Required course = Picket teacher = Ceremony = Class hour = Period) 1st period; 2nd period) = Case = Fare-well party = Graduation day = Meeting = Let's observe a moment of silence

24. Pagelaran seni 25. Kepariwisataan 26. Lambang negara 27. Puisi Dunia puisi Pembacaan puisi Pengarang puisi 28. Persyaratan 29. Objek wisata 30. UKS 41

= Art show = Tourism = The Coat of Arms = Poem = Poetry = Poetry-reading = Poet = Requirement = Resort = School Infirmary

31. Kebijaksanaan

= Discretion (of the Rector, the manager's

Mata pelajaran/mata diklat = Subject; course; lesson; class Indonesia 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. Aljabar Agama Aritmatika (ilmu hitung) Biologi Kimia IPA IPS Terpadu 8. 9. Fisika Ilmu ekonomi = Algebra = Religion = Arithmetic = Biology = Chemistry = Natural science = Social science = Integrated = Physics = Economics = History = Drawing = Singing = Art = Painting = Sculpting; carving = English Language Class = Indonesian Language = French Language = Dutch language = Japanese Language = Guiding and Counseling = Psychology Inggris

10. Sejarah 11. Menggambar 12. Menyanyi 13. Kesenian 14. Melukis 15. Memahat 16. Bahasa lnggris 17. Bahasa Indonesia 18. Bahasa Perancis 19. Bahasa Belanda 20. Bahasa Jepang 21. BP 22. Psikologi

Program Extra Kurikuler = Extra Curricular Program Indonesia 1. 2. 3. 4. Beladiri Pramuka PMR Panjat tebing Inggris = Self-defence = Boy-Scouts = Youth Red Cross = Rock-climbing (bc klaiming)

42

C. Benda-bendanya (Things/Objects) di setiap bagian Benda-benda di lingkungan sekolah/kampus = Things (objects) at Schools/campuses Benda-benda di Kantor 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. Indonesia Almari dokumen Bendera Berkas surat Buku agenda Cap tanggal Kertas karbon Kursi putar Kwitansi Keranjang sampah Inggris = Filling cabinet = Flag = (letter) file = Diary = Date stamp = Carbon paper = Revolving chair = Receipt = Paper basket/garbage can = Desk = Type writer = Duplicating machine = Copying machine = Paper clip = Ruler = Punch = Stepler = Telephone = Telephone numbers = Telephone receiver = Switchboard = Cable = Rubber; eraser

10. Meja tulis 11. Mesin ketik 12. Mesin stensil 13. Mesin fotocopi 14. Penjepit kertas 15. Penggaris 16. Pelubang kertas 17. Staples 18. Telepon Nomor tdepon Gengaman telepon Tempat nomernya 19. Kabelnya Karet penghapus (setip)

Benda-benda di perpustakaan = Things in the library Indonesia 1. Atlas = Atlas Inggris

43

2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9.

Buku-buku Buku acuhan Ensiklopedia Katalog Buku ilmu Majalah Peta Rak buku

= Books = Reference = Encyclopedia = Catalogue = Science book = Magazine = Map = Book-shelf; rack = Member card = Table = Chair

10. Kartu anggota 11. Meja 12. Kursi

Benda-benda di AULA = Things in the school hall/in the campus hall Indonesia 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. AULA Kamar kecil (laki-laki) Kamar kecil (perempuan) Mimbar pidato Panggung Kipas angin Tiang bendera Bendera Foto = Hall = Gent's room = Lad's room = Platform = Stage = Fan = Flag pole = Flag; banner = Photo = Screen = Banner = Banner Inggris

10. Layar 11. Spanduk 12. Panji-panji

Benda-benda di Laboratorium Bahasa = Things in the language laboratory/ Language laboratory equipments 1. 2. 3. 4. Indonesia Alat pengatur suara Gulungan pita Bilik duduk Cassette Inggris = Controls = Reel = Booth TV; CD; VCD

44

5. 6. 7. 8. 9.

Tape recorder Carpet Lampu Korden/tirai Earphone = Button = Screen = Lamp = Curtain

10. Tombol 11. Layar TV 12. Loudspeaker 13. Kursi putar

= Revolving chair

14. Microphone 15. Amplifier 16. Kabel 17. Rak kaset 18. Kursi 19. Meja 20. Spidol = Cable = Shelf ; rack = Chair = Table = Board-marker

Benda-benda di ruang kelas = Things in the classroom Indonesia 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. Bulpoint Busur derajat Jangka Jangka ukur Kapur tulis Kuas Mistar hitung Papan tulis hitam Papan tulis putih Inggris = Ball-point pen = Protector = Compasses = Dividers = Chalk = Paint brush = Slide-rule = Blackboard = White board = Eraser; duster = Rubber = Ruler = Pencil = Set-square = Board-marker 45

10. Penghapus 11. Penghapus (karet) 12. Penggaris 13. Pensil 14. Siku penggaris 15. Spidol

16. Materai

= Seal

Benda-benda di laboratorium MIPA (Math/Physics) 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. Indonesia Alu penumbuk Almari Bangku experimen Bekeer Magnet Microscope Muka penunjuk pada timbangan Jarum penunjuk Labu kaca/retor = Dial = Pointer = Retort = Balance = Bunsen burner = Meter = Tripod = Flask = Pipete = Mortar = Specific gravity Inggris = Pestle = Cupboard = Bench = Beaker

10. Neraca 11. Pembakar bunsen 12. Pengukur 13. Kursi kaki tiga 14. Tabung erlemeyer 15. Pipet 16. Lumpang 17. Berat jenis

Olah Raga = Athletics/ sports Indonesia 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. Senam Lempar lembing Lempar cakram Bola voli Bola basket Sepak bola Tenis meja/pingong Hoki Inggris = Gymnastics = Javalin throwing = Discus (be. Diskes) throwing = Volleyball = Basketball = Football = Table tennis = Hockey

Situasi/keadaan di kantin sekolah/kampus tentang RASA

46

Indonesia 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. Asin Bagus Baru (makanan) Enak/lezat Hambar Lembut/lunak Manis Masam Matang = Salty = Good = Fresh

Inggris

= Good; delicious = Tasteless = Soft = Sweet = Sour = Well-cooked; ripe = Expensive = Cheap = Raw (bc. Rc); uncooked = Tasty = Stale = Hot = Bitter = Tough = Rare

10. Mahal 11. Murah 12. Mentah 13. Menyelerakan 14. Lama (basi) 15. Pedas 16. Pahit 17. Alot (daging) 18. Setengah matang

D. Sifat/Karakater guru dan siswa (Adjectives) Kondisi/situasi lingkungan sekolah yang berbentuk kata sifat (adjective). Karakter siswa, guru, mahasiswa, dosen. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. Indonesia Acuh tak acuh Bodoh/kebodohan Bolosan Ceria Cerdas Cermat/teliti Ceroboh Cerewet Baikhati/kebaikan Inggris = Indifferent; frigid; unfriendly = Stupid/stupidity = Truant = Cheery = Brilliant; intelligent; smart = Accurate; careful = Careless = Talkative = Kind/kindness = Reactive; responsive

10. Cepat tanggap

47

11. Egois 12. Jujur/kejujuran 13. Keras kepala 14. Kritis 15. Malas/kemalasan 16. Nakal/kenakalan 17. Pandai/kepandaian 18. Pengertian 19. Penggangu 20. Rajin/kerajinan 21. Suka menolong (penolong) 22. Pelupa 23. Serius 24. Sombong/kesombongan 25. Sok 26. Sabar >< tak sabar 27. Kesabaran 28. Suka marah (pemarah) 29. Disiplin/keras/kereng 30. Murah hati 31. Kemurahan 32. Tidak patuh 33. Patuh/taat 34. Setia/kesetiaan 35. Terkenal/ketenaran 36. Lambat belajar 37. Sopan >< tak sopan

= Selfish = Honest/honesty = Stubborn; obstinate = Critical = Lazy/laziness = Naughty/naughtiness = Clever/ cleverness = Understanding = Trouble maker = Diligent/diligence = Helpful = Forgetful = Serious = Arrogant; conceited/arogance = Snobbish = Patient >< impatient = Patience = Hot-tempered = Strict; hard; firm = Generous = Generosity = Disobedient = Obedient. = Faithful/faith = Famous/fame = Slow learner = Polite >< impolite (vulgar)

Sosok/ bentuk: 1. 2. 3. 4. Indonesia Cantik/kecantikan Gemuk Ganteng Kurus 48 Inggris = Beautiful/beauty = Fat = Handsome = Thin

5. 6. 7. 8. 9.

Langsing Pendek Simpatik Tinggi Tegap

= Slim = Short = Sympathetic = Tall = Well-built; steady = Neat = Sickly

10. Rapi 11. Sakit-sakitan

ISTILAH KHUSUS TENTANG MIPA A. Organ tubuh yang rawan sakit: Indonesia 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. Dubur Empedu Hati Ginjal Gusi Jantung Lambung Lidah Mata = anus = gall = liver = kidney = gum = heart = Stomach (bc.stame:k) = tongue (bc.tang) = eye (bc.ai) = mouth = brain = lungs (bc.langz) = digestion (bc.dijeshie:n) = penis (bc.pinis) = vagina = abdomen; belly = ear(s) = throat = blood pressure = intestine = uterus Inggris

10. Mulut 11. Otak 12. Paru-paru 13. Pencernakan 14. Kemaluan (Ik) 15. Kemaluan (prp.) 16. Perut (daerah perut) 17. Telinga 18. Tenggorokan 19. Tekanan darah 20. Usus 21. Uterus (rahim/kandungan)

49

The Digestive System Generally, this sequence of processes occur as food passes through the digestive system: mechanical digestion: the process by which food is broken down into smaller particles so as to have a large surface area for enzyme action. chemical digestion: the process where large food molecules are broken down with the help of digestive enzymes to soluble, smaller substances that can be absorbed by the body. absorption: the process whereby digested food materials are taken up into the body cells. assimilation: the process where the absorbed food materials are converted to new protoplasm or utilized by the body. T h e Al i m e n t a r y C a n a l Before finding out each of these steps in greater detail, you need to know the various organs and tissues that make up the human digestive system.

Fig. The human alimentary canal 50

Structures • Mouth • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • •

Pharynx Oesophagus Stomach

Small intestine Liver and Gall bladder Pancreas Large intestine

Function Teeth grind and break down food to smaller pieces for enzymes to digest Tongue rolls food into a bolus for swallowing Saliva contains enzymes for digestion and lubricates bolus for swallowing Connects mouth to oesophagus Involuntary muscles contract forcefully and send' food quickly to the oesophagus Connects pharynx to stomach Peristalsis sends food down to the stomach Churns food and secretes digestive enzymes Turns food into liquefied enzyme (chyme). Stores food for 2 to 6 hours Main site of digestion Has glands which secrete enzymes for digestion Absorbs digested food Liver produces bile Stored in gall bladder Bile helps in the digestion of fats Secretes pancreatic juice into the duodenum Secretes insulin to regulate blood glucose levels Absorbs water and mineral salts No digestion Faeces stored in rectum and expelled through the anus

Sites Mouth Stomach Gallbladder Small intestine

Secretions Saliva (neutral) Gastric juice (acidic) Bile Pancreatic juice (alkaline)

Sources Salivary glands Gastric glands Liver Pancreas

Enymes Salivary amylase Rennin Pepsin Amylase Tryspin Lipase Enterokinase Maltase Lactase Sucrase Erepsin Lipase Starch

Actions

maltose

Soluble caseinogen→insoluble casein Proteins → polypeptides Emulsifies fats

Small intestine

Intestinal juice (alkaline)

Intestinal glands

→ maltose Starch Proteins → polypeptides Fats → fatty acids and glycerol Trypsinogen → trypsin Maltose → glucose Lactose → glucose and glactose glucose and fructose Sucrose → Polypeptides → amino acids Fats → fatty acids and glycerol

Sakit/penyakit = illness/ disease dan cacat = disabled; defective; fault Indonesia 1. 2. Bisu Cacat fisik 51 = dumb = physical defect/physically Inggris

disabled 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. Cacat mental/gangguan mental Cuti sakit Demam (sakit panas) Detak/denyut jantung Kelumpuhan Lumpuh Jam berkunjung untuk pasien = mental retarded = sick leave = fever (bc. Five:) = heartbeat = paralysis = paralytic = visiting hours = wound (bc.wund); injury (bc.inje:ri) 11. Mewabah 12. Gila 13. Obat 14. Obat-obatan (perobatan) 15. Penvakit 16. Penyakit menular 17. Penyakit keturunan 18. Penyakit cacar 19. Penularan penyakit 20. Tekanan darah tinggi 21. Tekanan darah rendah 22. Serangan jantung 23. Sakit (d.a. dalam keadaan sakit) 24. Sakit gigi 25. Sakit mata 26. Sakit kepala 27. Sakit perut 28. Sakit telinga 29. Sakit nyeri 30. Sakit parah = reach epidemic proportions = mad; insane; crazy = medicine = remedy = disease = contagious disease = hereditary disease = smallpox = contagion = high - blood pressure = low - blood pressure = heart attack = ill; sick = toothache (bc.tuthik) = eye-ache (bc. Ai ik) = headache (bc.hedik) = stomachache (bc.stame:kik) = earache (bc.ie:rik) = painful = bad; worst seriously ill; serious illness 31. Sakit TBC 32. Sakit-sakitan 33. Sakit batuk 52 = tuberculosis = sickly = (get) cough (bc.ka:f)

10. Luka

34. Sakit tenggorokan 35. Kanker 36. Kangker darah 37. Tanda-tanda sakit/gejala-gejala 38. Tuli 39. Tegang/ketegangan

= sore throat = cancer = leukemia = symptoms = deaf (bc.def) = tense/tension

WORD - POWER IN BIOLOGY. Word-Power for Human Organs. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. Alat kelamin (lk) Alat kelamin (prp.) Anus Bibir Bibir atas Bibir bawah Dada Darah Daging = penis (bc. pinis) = vagina = anus (bc.eines) = lips = upper lip = lower lip = chest = blood = flesh = enzyme = gall; gall bladder (kantong empedu) = tooth, teeth (jamak) = kidney = gum = liver = heart = tissue = gland = skeleton = tongue (bc.tang) = saliva (bc. selaive) = neck = eye/s (bc.ai/aiz); pupil = mouth = pancreas 53

10. Enzym 11. Empedu 12. Gigi 13. Ginjal 14. Gusi 15. Hati 16. Jantung 17. Jaringan 18. Kelenjar 19. Kerangka 20. Lidah 21. Liur ; air liur 22. Leher 23. Mata /bola mata 24. Mulut 25. Pancreas

26. Paru-paru 27. Pembuluh darah

= lungs = blood vessel

28. Perut ; daerah perut = stomach (bc. stamek) ; belly; abdomen (d. perut) 29. Saluran pencernakan = alimentary canal 30. Sendi 31. Sumsum 32. Tenggorokan = joint = marrow = throat

33. Tulang; tulang blkng = bone; backbone 34. Usus/usus - besar 35. Urat 36. Urat nadi = intestine/large intestine; colon = vein; muscles. = artery.

VERBS (Activities) in alphabetical order di bidang MIPA Cari akar katanya. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. akibat (meng-kan) alir (meng-/kan) amati (meng-) atur (meng-) bagi (mem-) bersihkan (mem-) berharap berikan (mem-) cerna (men-) = to result in (rvb) = flow = observe = regulate; adjust = divide = clean up; throw – threw – thrown (away ) = hope = give – gave – given; provide = digest (bc. daidjest) = mix; blend = pull out = transplant = copy; take a note – took – taken

10. campur (men-) 11. cabut (men-) 12. cangkok (men-) 13. catat (men-)

14. edar (ber-/meng-kan) = circulate 15. gerak (ber-/meng-kan)= move 16. hasilkan (meng-) 17. harap (meng-) 18. huni (meng-) = produce = expect = inhabit

19. jaga (men-/menahan) = maintain; hold; keep – kept – kept 20. kandung ( meng-) = contain 54

21. kelompok (meng-kan) = classify; group 22. kembangkan (meng-) = develop 23. konsentrasi (ter-/ber-)= concentrate 24. kumpulkan (meng-). = collect 25. kunyah (meng-) 26. lahir (me-kan) 27. liput (me-i) 28. lumat (me-kan) 29. makan 30. minum 31. peroleh ( mem-) 32. pindah (me-kan) 33. rusak (me-kan) 34. sebar (menye-) 35. selidiki (meny-) 36. serap (meny-) 37. tahan ( me-) 38. telan (me-) 39. telur (ber-) 40. tembus (me-) 41. ternak (be-) 42. temukan (me-hasil) = chew (bc.cu:) = give – gave – given a birth = comprise; cover = pulverize = eat – ate – eaten = drink – drank – drunk = obtain; get – got – got = transfer = damage; destroy ;break – broke – broken = spread – spread – spread over = investigate = absorb = retain = swallow = lay egg = penetrate = breed = invent; discover

43. turun (me-kan generasi) = descend 44. terdiri dari 45. tumbuh 46. temukan (me-) 47. uraikan (meng-) 48. rangsang (me- ) = consist of = grow – grew – grown = find- found- found = describe. = stimulate.

55

E. Aktivitas-aktivitasnya (Verbs) Kegiatan-kegiatan di sekoIah/Kampus = School/Campus Activities Past Past Tense/ Preterite Participle Perfect/ Passive Voice 1. Adakan (meng-) riset 2. 3. Ajar (meng-) Ambil (meng-) Conduct (rvb) a research Teach Take Taught Took Taught Taken

Indonesia

Inggris

4.

Akan

will; shall; be going to

5.

Akan dapat

Will be able to

Would be able to

6. 7. 8.

Akibatkan (meng-) Angkat tangan Angkat (meng-jadi)

Result in Raise (your) hand Nominate; appointed to be -d -d

9. 10. 11. 12. 13.

Angkat (beban Atasi Awas (meng-) Baca (mern-) Bahas (mem-) Pembahasan

Lift (rvb) Overcome Wacth (rvb) Read Discuss (rvb) Discussion Study (rvb) Learn Studied Learnt Studied Learnt Read Read (red )

14. 15.

Belajar/mengkaji Belajar untuk ketrampilan

16. 17.

Baris (ber-) Bersihkan (mem-) Bersihkan debu dari

March (rvb) Clean ( rvb) Dust (rvb)

56

18. 19. 20. 21. 22. 23.

Bolos (mem-) Boleh Beri (mem-) Berdiri Bawa (mem-) Beritahukan (mem) Pemberitahuan

Play truant (rvb) May be allowed to Give Stand (rvb) Bring Inform (rvb) Information Talk; speak Talk; speech

Played

Played

Gave Stood Brought

Given Stood Brought

24.

Bicara (ber-/ memkan) Pembicaraan

Spoke

Spoken

25.

Batalkan (mem-) Pembatalan

Cancel (rvb) Cancellation Guide; lead Guidance Distinguish; differ (rvb) Difference Led Led

26.

Bimbing (mem-) Bimbingan

27.

Bedakan (mem-) Perbedaan

28. 29. 30. 31. 32. 33. 34.

Buat (mem-) Buka (mem-) Buka (mem-kunci) Bayar (mem-) Cari (men-) Cuci (men-) Catat (men-) Catatan

Make Open (rvb) Unlock (rvb) Pay (rvb) Look for; seek Wash (rvb) Take notes Note (s) Try Experiment; trial Mix (rvb); Mixture Achieve; reach (rvb)

Made

Made

Sought

Sought

Took

Taken

35. 36. 37. 38. 39.

Coba (men-) Percobaan Campur (men); campuran Capai (men-)

Tried

Tried

40.

Pencapaian prestasi

Achievement

57

41. 42. 43. 44. 45. 46. 47. 48.

Dengarkan (men-) Dapat Datang awal Datang terlambat Datang Do'a (ber-) Duduk Dorong (mensemangat) Dorongan

Listen (to) rvb Can; be able to Come early Come late Come Pray (rvb) Sit Encourage/-ment Prayed Sat -d Prayed Sat -d Could Came Could Come

Motivate/-tion Stimulate/-tion

49. 50. 51. 52.

Dukung (men-) Dukungan Debat (men-/ ber-) Perdebatan Denda (men--) Didik (men-) Pendidikan

Support (rvb) Support Argue (rvb) Argument Fine (rvb) = noun Educate (rvb) Education Draw Describe (rvb); Description (noun) Drew Drawn-ped

53.

Gambar (men-) Gambarkan(meng-)

54.

Gunakan (meng)

Use (rvb); adopt (utk. cara/metode)

55.

Ganti (meng-)

Exchange; change (rvb)

56.

Garis bawahi (meng-)

Underline (rvb)

57.

Gerak (meng-kan) Pergerakan

Move (rvb) Movement Attend attendance Appreciate (rvb) Erase; cross out

58.

Hadir Kehadiran

59. 60.

Hargai (meng-) Hapus (meng-)

58

Eliminate (rvb) 61. 62. 63. 64. Hilang (ke-an Henti (meng-kan) Harus Lose Stop (rvb) Must Lost -ped Had to Lost

Harap (ber-/ meng- Wish; expect kan) Berharap Harapan (rvb) Hope = noun Expection (rvb) Punish (rvb) Punishment

65.

Hukum (meng-) Hukuman

66.

Heningkan (meng-) Observe a cipta moment of silence

67.

Hitung llmu hitung a. Perkalian Multiplication

Count (rvb) Arithmatic 2 Multiplied by 3 equals/is equal to 6

b. Pembagian Division

100 divided by 20 equals/is equal to 5

c. Penjumlahan Addition

20 is added(plus) to 30 equals/is equal to 50

d. Pengurangan Subtraction

40 subtracted by (minus) 15 equals /is equal to 25

68. 69. 70. 71. 72. 73.

Hormati (meng-) Hindari (men--) Her perbaikan nilai Ijin (meng-kan) Identifikasi(mer.g-) Ingin (meng-kan)

Respect (rvb) Avoid (nib) Retake Allow (rvb) Identify (rvb ) Want (rvb) -fied -fied Retook Retaken

59

74. 75.

Istirahat (ber-) Jawab (men-)

Break Answer (rvb); reply

Broke Replied

Broken Replied

76.

Jelaskan (men-) Penjelasan

Explain (rvb) Explanation Promise Keep Say Disturb (rvb) Return (rvb) = noun Complain (rvb) Complaint Put on Develop (rvb) Put Put Kept Said Kept Said

77. 78. 79. 80. 81.

Janjikan (men-) Jaga (men-) Katakan (meng-) Kacau (meng-) Kembali (mengkan)

82.

Keluh (meng-) Keluhan

83. 84.

Kenakan (meng-) Kembangkan (meng-) Pengembangan/ per - ngan

Development

85. 86. 87.

Kecil (memper-) Kerjakan (mempe-) Kenalkan(memper-) Perkenalan

Minimize (rvb) Employ (rvb) Introduce (rvb) Introduction Collaborate (rvb) Collaboration

88.

Kerjasama

89. 90.

Kunci (meng-) Konsultasi (ber-)

Lock (rvb ) Consult (rvb) Consultation

91. 92.

Langsung (ber-) Lapor (me) / laporkan

Last (rvb) Report (rvb) = noun Look (at) See; notice Fold (rvb)

93.

Lihat (ke-) Lihat (me-)

94.

Lipat (me-)

60

95.

Lanjutkan (me-)

Continue (rvb); go on; go ahead

96. 97. 98.

Kelanjutan Lulus Luka (me-i) /menvakiti

Continuation Pass (rvb) Hurt Hurt Hurt

99.

Lebur (me-)

Melt Train (rvb) / training; Come in Enter (rvb) Let's (come in) Begin; start (rvb) Ask for (rvb); Request Began Begun Came in Come in

100. Latih (me-)/ pelatihan 101. Masuk 102. Masuki (me-) 103. Mari (masuk) 104. Mulai (me-) 105. Minta

106. Permintaan 107. Permulaan 108. Nangis (me-) 109. Pergi Panggil (me-/ panggilan 110. Potong (me-) 111. Pinjam (me-) Pinjami/kan (me-) 112. Pilih (calon profesi) Pilihan 113. Pilih (me-) / pilihan 114. Putuskan (me-)/ keputusan 115. Pesan (me-)/ pesanan 116. Pukul (me-)

Request (rvb) Beginning Cry (rvb) Go Call (rvb)/call Cried Went Cried Gone

Cut Borrow (rvb) Lend Elect (rvb) election

Cut

Cut

Lent

Lent

Chose Select; Choose/choice Decide (rvb)/decision Order (rvb)/order

Chosen

Hit

Hit

Hit

61

117. Perlu (me-kan)

Need; require (rvb)

Perhatikan (mem-) 118. Perhatian Perbaiki (mem-) 119. Perbaikan 120. Rangkum (me-) 121. Robek (me-) 122. Revisi (me-)

Pay attention (rvb) Attention Improve/repair; fix Improvement Summarize (rvb) Tear (bc. Ter) Revise (rvb)/revision Tore Torn

123. Rujuk (me-)/ rujukan Rasakan (me-) 124. Perasaan

Refer/ reference

Referred

Referred

Feel Feeling

Felt

Felt

125. Rusak (me-)

Damage (rvb) Break Broke Broken

126. Salami (me-) 127. Serahkan (me-)

Greet (rvb) Submit (-tted); turn in

128. Sapu (me-) 129. Selesaikan (menye-) Penyelesaian 130. Siap! 131. Siapkan (me) 132. Sajikan (meny-)/ penyajian

Sweep Finish (rvb); Accomplish (rvb) Accomplishment Get ready Prepare (rvb) Present (bc.prizent) (rvb)/ presentation;

Swept

Swept

133. Simpulkan (meny-) Kesimpulan

Conclude (rvb) Conclusion

134. Setuju (menyetujui)/ Agree persetujuan (rvb)/agreement

62

135. Suruh (me-)

Ask (rvb); order (rvb); command (rvb)

136. Suguh (meny-kan) 137. Selenggarakan (me-) 138. Terpaksa 139. Terdiri dari 140. Terangkan (me-) 141. Penerangan/ penjelasan 142. Tunggu (meseseorang) 143. Tunda (me-)

Serve (rvb) Provide (rvb)

Have to/has to Consist of (rvb) Explain (rvb) Explanation

Had to

Had to

Wait (rvb) for

Postpone (rvb); put on

144. Tolak (me-)/ penolakan 145. Tandatangani (me-) Tandatangan

Refuse (rvb)/ refusal Sign (rvb) Signature (bc.signitje)

146. Tugaskan; i (me-)

Assign (bc.e:sain)(rvb)

147. Tirukan (,e-); ulangi 148. Pengulangan 149. Tutup (me-) 150. Titipkan (me-)

Repeat (rvb) Repetition Close (rvb); shut Leave; board out (rvb) Shut Left Shut Left

151. Tanya

Ask (rvb); question (rvb)

Pertanyaan 152. Tulis (me-)/tulisan 153. Tertawa 154. Tempelkan (me-)

Question Write/writing Laugh (rvb.bc. laf) Stick (rvb) 63 Wrote Written

155. Tanggalkan (me-) 156. Tunjukkan (me-) 157. Tinggalkan (me-) 158. Tari (me-)/tarian 159. Terima (mependapat) 160. Terima (benda) 161. Terima (me-) siswa masuk 162. Terlibat 163. Umumkan (meng-) Pengumuman 164. Uraikan (meng-) Uraian 165. Usahakan (meng-)

Take off Show Leave Dance (rvb)/dance Accept (rvb) Showed Left Shown Left

Receive; get Admit

(be) involved Announce (rvb) Announcement Describe (rvb) Description Endeavor (rvb)=noun Attempt (rvb)=noun

166. Ukur (meng-)

Measure (bc. Meszerr)

167. Ukir (meng-)

Carve (bc. Ka:f)

F. Tanya jawab (Questions and Answers/Interview) Tanya-jawab mengenai pelajaran = Questions and answers about the lessons 1. Teacher = What do you say when you meet your teacher at school in the morning? Student 2. T S 3. T S = Saya katakana "Selma pagi".

= What should you do before classes begin? = Kami berdo'a lebih dulu. = What do your teachers usually do before they give the lesson? = Beliau/Mereka memanggil nama-nama kami dari daftar hadir kelas 64

4.

T S

= What does a student do when he/she comes late to school? = la harus lapor kepada guru piket. = What does the picket teacher do then? = Beliau akan memberi surat ijin masuk untuk mengikut pelajaran.

5.

T S

6.

T S

= What do you do while your teacher is teaching? = Kami mendengarkannya, mencatat, bertanya, menjawab pertanyaan dan mengerjakan PR.

7.

T

= What does your teacher do when any of you doesn't do the homework?

S

= Beliau marah dan menghukumnya; mengerjakannva di dalam perpustakaan atau menyuruh menyapu lantai di luar.

8.

T S

= How many subjects do you learn a day? = Kami belajar 8 mata pelajaran kecuali pada hari Jum'at 5 mata pelajaran

9.

T S

= How many subjects do you learn a week? = Kami belajar 14 mata pelajaran. = What subject do you like most? = Saya paling suka matematika dan Bahasa Inggris. = What school/college will you go after you finish (junior high school/senior high school)

10. T S 11. T

S 12. T S 13. T S 14. T S 15. T S

= Saya akan rneneruskan ke (SMA/Universitas) = What department will you take at college? = Saya akan ambil jurusan bahasa-bahasa asing. = What college/university will you take? = Saya akan berkuliah di perguruan tinggi bahasa asing. = When/what time do you usually have a break time? = Kami beristirahat sesudah 4 jam pertama; kecuali Jum'at. = What do you usually do during the break? = Kadang-kadang saya pergi ke perpustakaan untuk baca-baca atau beli camilan di kantin sekolah.

16. T S

= What sports does your school have? = Senam, lempar lembing, lempar cakram, sepak bola, bola volli serta atletik. 65

17. T

= Why is a student sometimes called to meet the class teacher or the school counselor?

S

= a. Mungkin ia sering melanggar aturan-aturan sekolah. b. Mungkin ia sering membolos. c. Mungkin ia menjadi pengganggu kelas. d. Mungkin ia sering meninggalkan pelajaran-pelajaran tertentu. e. Mungkin ia terlibat dalam beberapa kasus.

18. T S

= Whom do you consult your problems at school? = Saya berkonsultasi kepada wali kelas atau kepada guru tertentu (some teacher).

19. T S 20. T S

= How many students are there in your classroom? = Ada 25 siswi dan 15 siswa. = Who is your favorite teacher? = Guru favorit saya ialah ... karena beliau baik hati, sabar dan penuh pengertian.

21. T S 22. T S 23. T S

= What time do classes begin and what time is it over? = Pelajaran-pelaiaran dimulai pukul 06.30 dan usai pukul 13.00. = How long does each lesson last? = (Masing-masing) berlangsung 40 menit. = How do you study at home? = Sesudah makan siang, saya mengulangi pelajaran-pelajaran yang tadi belum saya pahami. Petang harinya saya belajar/mengerjakan tugas untuk hari berikutnya.

24. T S

= Do you have a study-club? = Ya; saya kira sebuah kelompok belajar sangat penting untuk memecahkan masalah pelajaran secara bersama-sama.

25. T S 26. T S 27. Q A 28. Q A

= Are you proud of your school? = Ya, saya sangat mer,yukai dan bangga akan sekolah saya. = How do you uphold (inenjunjung) your school? = Dengan (cara) menjadi siswa yang kreatif dan berprestasi. = Does your school have a hall? = Ya = How large is it? What size is it? = la berukuran 20 x 50 m (20 by 50 m) 66

29. Q A 30. Q A 31. Q A

= How many audience does it accommodate' = la menampung sekitar 400 orang. =Is it well-equipped? = Ya, peralatannya lengkap dan bagus. = What is a school/a campus hall for? = Untuk event-event penting seperti: a. Upacara pelepasan lulusan b. pesta pernikahan c. Pesta seni (art festival) d. Berseminar e. Pertemuan

32. Q A

= What photographs or pictures are hung on the hall? = a. Foto Presiden RI dan Wakilnya. b. Lambang Negara Indonesia (The Indonesian Coat of Arms) c. Some educational figures = beberapa tokoh pendidikan.

33. Q

= When/in what event do you usually sing The National Anthem?

A 34. Q A

= Pada awal acara event-event penting. = Does your school have a language laboratory? = Ya, karena sebuah laboratorium bahasa sangat penting saat ini.

35. Q A 36. Q A

= Whom is it for? = Untuk semua warga sekolah terutama para siswanya. = What foreign languages are they learning? = Bahasa Inggris, Bahasa Perancis, Bahasa Mandarin dan beberapa bahasa asing yang lain yang sangat dibutuhkan.

37. Q A

= What are the laboratory facilities? = Ada kaset, tape recorder, TV, CD, VCD dan gambar-gambar.

At The Canteen 1. Waitress : What can I do for you, Sir/Mum?) (Can I be at your service)? You : Saya lapar dan haus; saya ingin pesan nasi goreng dengan daging masak serta lalapan kobis, sla dan 67

tomat. 2. W You 3. W You : How do you like the meat? well-done or rare? : Yang matang sehingga tidak alot : What about the drink? : Hari ini cuacanya sangat panas, jadi saya lebih suka minum icejuice 4. W You 5. W You 6. 7. : Do you want the fried rice hot? : Ya, tapi jangan terlalu pedas. : Wait a minute, Sir/Mum! I'll serve it at once : Saya jangan nunggu lama-lama (don't keep me waiting too long) : Here you are, Sir/Mum? : Terima kasih. Ada satu garpu lagi? dan saya perlu sebuah pisau untuk memotong dagingnya. 8. W You : Here they are. Anything else? : Terima kasih; pelayanannya bagus. Bisa tambah lagi gula untuk ice-juicenya? (Setelah selesai makan dan minum) Berapa semuanya? 9. W : Rp 10,000. It's cheap, isn't it? How did you enjoy the food? You 10. W You : Enak dan menyelerakan. : Thank you, Sir/Mum. Would you come again with your friends? : Saya akan sering kesini untuk makan siang sebab saya sering kerja lembur.

W (setelah makannya siap) You

Percakapan di perpustakaan sekolah/kampus = Talks in the library/campus 1. Question Answer : What is a library? : Sebuah perpustakaan ialah sebuah Gedung untuk meyimpan bermacam-macam buku dan bahan bacaan. 2. Q A 3. Q A : How often do you go to the library a week? : Kadang-kadang 3 sampai 4 kali seminggu. : Why is a library important? : Untuk mengembangkan pengetahuan. 68

4.

Q A

: Who serves you when you need books in the library? : Petugas perpustakaan. : What sorts of books are available there? : Ada buku-buku ilmu pengetahuan, referensi, ensiklopedia, majalah-majalah dan surat kabar.

5.

Q A

6.

Q A

: How do you borrow a book? : Mencari judul dan pengarangnya, mencarinya di katalog, kemudian mencatat dan memberinya kepada petugasnya.

7.

Q A

: What is the sanction when you're late to ieturn it? : Saya akan didenda. : How do you read a book? : Sementara saya membaca, saya menyediakan alat-alat tulis dan mencatat hal-hal yang penting atau membuat ringkasan.

8.

Q A

9.

Q A

: How do you study in the library? : Kami harus tenang, tidak bicara keras, tidak makan-makan.

Percakapan di Kampus = Questions and answers at campus A. CONVERSATION WITH A LECTURER 1. What's your full name, please? - (My full name is) .............. 2. And your nickname, please? - (call me) .... 3. How do you spell it (your nickname)? - (The spelling is) .... 4. What are you / / What do you do? - (I'm) a/an .... 5. When were you born? - (I was born) on-bulan-tanggal. (ordinal number) 19 .... 6. What city do you come from? - (I come) from (city), (province.),. Indonesia 7. Where do you work/teach? - (I teach) at ... college 8. Is it a state college or a private college? - (It is) a ... college 69

9.

What's your major? - (I major/My major is) in ....

10. What subject do you teach? - (I teach) .... 11. How long have you been a/an ...? - (I've been a lecturer) for ... years. 12. How many credit semesters do you teach this semester? - (I teach) ... credit hours/ semesters. 13. Do you have any structural position? - Yes, I do. - No, I don't. 14. What's your structural position? - (I'm) a/an .... 15. Are you married? - Yes. I am. - No, I'm not. 16. How many children do you have/have you got? - (I have/ got) ... children. 17. Does your wife work too? Does your wife /husband do any Job? - Yes, he/she does. - No, he doesn't/No, she doesn't. 18. Who looks after your children/parents/father/mother while you're working? - (I have) a servant. 19. How do you go to work/campus? - (I go to work/campus) by .... 20. How long does it take? - (It takes) ... minutes. 21. Where do you live? - (I live) on/in jalan .../ at no. ... jalan ....

70

Tanya-jawab mengenai kampus anda = questions-answers about your campus 1. What kind of college is it? - (It's) a university/an institute/a college of foreign languages/.... 2. How many faculties does it have?/How many faculties are there? (It has) ... faculties 3. What faculties are they? (They are) ... faculty, and ......... faculty 4. What departments does each faculty have? (Each faculty) has (consist of) ... departments, ... department and ... department 5. What study programs does it have? (It has): D1, D2, D3, undergraduate program and post graduate program 6. Is it under any foundation? - Yes, it is. It belongs to ... foundation 7. When was it founded? (It was founded) in 19 .... 8. Who is the rector/the president of your college? (the rector/the president of our college is) Mr. .... 9. What's his last education? (He graduated) from a doctorate program 10. Who are the rector's staff? a. Assistant rector I is Mr/Mrs/Ms .... b. Assistant rector ll is Mr/Mrs/Ms .... c. Assistant rector III is Mr/Mrs/Ms ..... 11. How many lecturers are there? (There are) ... lecturers which consist of ... permanent lecturers and ... part - time lecturers. 12. What levels of education did they graduate from? (Most of them graduated) from the post graduate program. 13. How many students are there in your college? (There are) ... students 14. How many credit semesters should they complete in each program? 71

15. For D1 program they should complete ... credit semesters. For D2 ... credit semesters For D3 ... credit semesters. And for the under graduate program ... credir semesters. For the post graduate program they should complete ... credit points. 16. Where is your campus located? (It is located) in/on jalan ... no .... 17. How do you take part in enhancing the accreditation of your college? (I enchance it) by .... 18. How do you enchance yourself to be a more qualified lecturer? (I enchance it) by .... 19. What are the studying facilities/ media available in your campus? They are: ....

Pertanyaan untuk guru = Questions to the school teachers Anda bisa menceritakan diri anda sendiri dengan jawaban-jawaban panjang dari pertanyaan-pertanyaan berikut. 1. What's your full name? - (My full name is) .... 2. What's your nickname?/What name shall i call you? - (My nickname is/call me) .... 3. How do you spell your nickname? - (The spelling is) .... 4. When were you born? - (I was born) on + bulan + tanggal (ordinal number) 19 .... Atau : on + the (tanggal-ordinal) of - bulan - 19 .... 5. How old are you now? - (I'm) ... years old now. 6. What city do you come from?/where are you from?/what's your hometown? - (I come) from (kota), (propinsi) Indonesia 7. What are you?/What do you do?

72

- (I'm) an elementary school teacher/a junior high school teacher/a senior high school teacher/a vocational school teacher/a technical high school teacher . 8. When were you apointed to be a civil servant? - (I was appointed to be a civil servant) in 19 .... 9. How long have you been a teacher? - (I have been a teacher) for ...years. 10. What college did you graduate from? - (I graduated) from .... 11. What department did you take? - (I took) ... department 12. What subject do you teach? - (I teach) .... 13. Do you also teach any other subject? - Yes. I do/No, I don't 14. How many class hours do you teach a week? - (I teach) ... class-hours. 15. How many days do you teach?/What days do you teach? - (I teach) ... days./(I teach) from (hari) to (hari) 16. Are you a part- time teacher at any other school? - Yes, 1'm/No, 1'm not 17. Have you ever joined any educational training/educational internship? - Yes, I have (ever joined an eductional training/internship). - No, I haven't (have never joined any training/internship). 18. What kind of educational training/ internship was it? - (it was) a training of implementing teaching-aids. 19. Was it a local training or a national training/internship? - (it was) a national training. 20. How often have you joined the educational training/internship? - (I have joined the educational training/internship) once/twice/three times etc. 21. Have you ever joined any educational contest/competition? 73

- Yes, I have/No, I haven't. 22. What educational contest was it? - (it was) a/an ... contest. 23. Did you win the contest? - Yes, I did. (I won the contest) - No, 1 didn't. (unfortunately I didn't win the contest) 24. How do you develop your professional career? - (l develop my professional career): a. by writing teaching-materiaIs b. by writing books c. by reading science books d. etc 25. What contribution have you given to develop the education? - I often write articles about eduacation in some media. 26. What is your obsession as a teacher? - Well I'm proud of.being a teacher because it is: a. a nobel profession b. a religious charity profession c. etc 27. How do you help the students solve their problems? - (I help my students solve their problems) by ...; ... etc.

BIDANG KESEHATAN (Health) 1. 2. 3. Indonesia Kesehatan Departemen Kesehatan Organisasi Kesehatan Sedunia Inggris = health = The Health Department = WHO (World Health Organization) 4. Program Bantuan Lingkungan Pedesaan 5. ASKES (Asuransi Kesehatan) = Rural Environment Assistance Program (REAP) = Health/Medical Insurance

74

Rumah Sakit = Hospital 1. 2. 3. Indonesia RSU (Rumah Sakit Umum) Apotik Alat periksa Inggris = public hospital = drugstore = stethoscope; untuk suhu = thermometer 4. 5. 6. 7. Bangsal/ Ruangan Dapur Garasi Inap (meng-/opname) = ward (bc.wo:d) = kitchen = garage (bc. Gera:jz) = (be) hospitalized (bc.hospiteaaizd) 8. 9. Kamar Kamar mandi = room = bathroom = mortuary (bc. mo:ce:ri); morgue (bc.mo:g) 11. Kamar kecil 12. Kamar operasi 13. Kamar tidur 14. Kamar swasta 15. Kantin 16. Klinik/Balai pengobatan 17. Klinik sekolah/kampus/kantor 18. Lorong rumah sakit 19. Mobil ambulan 20. Operasi 21. Operasi kecil 22. Operasi organ-organ 23. Resep dokter = toilet = operation room = bedroom = private room = canteen; café = clinic = infirmary (bc.infe:rme:ri) = corridor = ambulance = operation = minor operation = cut out; open up = prescription

10. Kamar mayat

Orang-orang di lingkungan kesehatan = people involved in health 1. 2. 3. 4. Indonesia Tenaga medis Bidan Dokter Dokter anak 75 Inggris = medician = midwife = doctor; physician; practitioner = pediatrician

5. 6. 7. 8. 9.

Dokter bedah Dokter gigi Dokter hewan Dokter mata Dokter umum

= surgeon (bc.se:rdje:n) = dentist = veterinarian = opthalmologist; oculist = general practitioner = patient = patient visitor = nurse = private practitioner = volunteer = corpse; dead body

10. Pasien 11. Pengunjung pasien 12. Perawat 13. Dokter praktik pribadi 14. Sukarelawan 15. Mayat

Kegiatan yang berhubungan dengan kesehatan/Rumah Sakit Past Past Tense/ Preterite Participle Perfect/ Passive Voice 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Atasi (meng-) Amati(meng-) Angkat (meng Bahas (mem-) Cuti sakit Cuti 6. 7. 8. derita (men-) diagnos (men-) hidup (dalam keadaan hidup) 9. hilangkan/ kurangi rasa sakit 10. Jelaskan (men-) penjeiasan 11. mati/meninggal explain (rvb) explanation die (rvb); pass relieve pain overcome observe (rvb) lift (rvb) discuss take sick leave (be) on leave suffer (rvb) from Diagnose (rvb) (be) alive overcame overcome

Indonesia

Inggris

76

away 12. mengalami kecelakaan 13. obati (meng-)

(rvb) get,/got accident

cure (bc.kyue); treat (rvb)

14. operasi (meng-)

do surgery/ operation

15. pindahkan (me-) 16. pelajari (mem-) 17. periksa (me-)

move (rvb) study (rvb) check; see; examine

18. periksa denyut

take (one's) pulse

19. rawat (me-) 20. suapi (me-) 21. suntik (meny-)/ suntikan 22. sebar luas (ter-) 23. sekarat/ sakaratul maut

nurse (rvb) feed inject (rvb)/ inoculation spread over (be) dying fed fed

Ungkapan dokter kepada pasien = doctor's utterances to the patient 1. Apa yang bisa saya bantu? a) What can I do for you? b) Can I help you? c) May I help you? d) Can I be at your service? e) Yes, Sir/Madam? 2. Anda kena apa? a) What's wrong with you? b) What's the matter with you? c) What's your trouble? 3. Coba saya lihatnya! a) Let me see! b) Let me check! c) May I see? 4. Apakah ini sakit? Does it hurt? 77

5.

Sudah pernah periksa (ke dokter)?

a) Have you seen a doctor? b) Have you had a medical check up? c) Is this your first check up?

6.

Saya kira perasaan anda terganggu

a) I expect/suppose you've been worrying about something b) Possibly, you're worrying about something

7.

Anda bisa tidur nyenyak? a) Do you usually sleep well? b) Do you have a nice sleep?

8.

Biasanya Anda tidur dan bangun pukul berapa?

= Ordinarily, what time do you go to bed and get up? = I think 7 hours sleep is enough at your age = You certainly don't look ill.

9.

Saya kira tidur 7 jam sudah cukup untuk usia Anda

10. Sebenarnya Anda tidak sakit 11. Bagaimana perasaan Anda sekarang ini? 12. Jangan khawatir; akan saya sembuhkan segera. 13. Saya tuliskan resepnya 14. Bawa ini ke apoteker/ apotik 15. Jika anda belum sembuh, silakan kembali lagi! 16. Sudah berapa lama

= How are you feeling today?

= Don't worry! I can soon put you right.

= Let me write the prescription. =Take this to a chemist/a drugstore

= If you don't get better, be right back!

a) How long have you been suffering from (-)

anda menderita (sakit ...)? b) How long have you got……? 17. Mungkin pencernakan anda terganggu 18. Pergilah ke laboratorum dan periksa 19. Anda perlu opname dari pada dirawatdi rumah 20. Tepatnya sakit apa? = You need to be hospitalized instead of being treated at home = What exactly is the trouble? = Go to a medical lab and have a check up! = Maybe your digestion is a bit out of order

78

Ungkapan dari pasien: The patient's utterances 1. 2. 3. Saya tidak enak badan, dokter! Saya tidak bisa tidur, dok! Saya merasa tidak enak sesudah makan 4. Saya batuk terus menerus selama 5 hari 5. 6. Sepertinya saya kena malaria Biasanya saya pergi tidur pukul 9 dan bangun pukul 4 atau saya sering terjaga tengah malam 7. Kadang-kadang saya muntah sesudah makan 8. 9. Saya menderita sakit gigi Saya sakit kepala = I've got toothache. = I've got headache. = Do I need to be hospitalized? = I've lost my appetite lately. = I have often thrown up after meals. = I've got cough (bc.ka:f) for 5 days on and on = I feel that I'm suffering from malaria = As usual, I go to bed at 9 p.m. and wake up al 4 a.m.; or I am often awake at midnight. = I'm not feeling very well, doctor! = I'm not sleeping, doctor! = I feel uncomfortable after meals!

10. Apa saya perlu opname? 11. Akhir-akhir ini saya kehilangan nafsu makan 12. Dokter menyarankan untuk tidak makan makanan yang pedas, masam dan terlalu asin. 13. Haruskah saya perlu menambah berat saya? 14. Saya perlu menurunkan berat saya 15. Menurut dokter, saya perlu olah raga ringan 16. Berat saya telah turun 5 kg.

= The doctor suggests me not to eat hot, sour and too salty meals.

= Should I put on my weight?

= I need to lose my weight.

= The doctor suggests me to have exercise. = I've lost my weight 5kg.

Percakapan seorang pasien dengan dokter gigi. = A dialogue between a patient and a dentist. 1. Patient: Saya sakit gigi, dokter! 79 = I've got toothache doctor'

Dentist: Yang mana? Coba buka lebar! 2. P: Yang kanan atas D: Apakah yang ini? Ini sakit? 3. P: Ya, itu sakit. D: Ada yang lainnya? 4. P: Gigi di belakangnya Berlubang Perlu dicabut? 5. D: Saya kira tidak; hanya perlu ditambal Bawa resepnya ke apoteker! Anda akan segera sembuh.

= Which one is it? Open wide!

= The upper jaw on the right = Is this one (it)? Does this hurt?

= Yes, it's hurting me. = Is there anything else? = There's a cavity in the tooth behind it... = Must it come out? = I'm afraid not; it just needs filling.

= Take the prescription to a chemist! = You'll soon get better.

3.20 Telling Clock-Time. Time Division : 24.00 - 12.00 a.m (ante meridiem) 12.00 - 24.00 p.m (post meridiem)

Examples (Patterns) 1. pk 06:05 pagi : a. six five a.m b. five past six a.m c. five (minutes) after six a.m 2. pk 11:15 siang: a. eleven fifteen a.m b. a quarter past eleven a.m c. fifteen after eleven a.m 3. pk 4:30 sore : a. afour thirty p.m b. half past four p.m c. thirty after four 4. pk 9 kurang 10 menit malam : a. ten to nine p.m b. eight fifty p.m c. ten of nine p.m

80

Practice: 1 What time is it? 1. 2. 3. 4.

5.

6.

8.

9.

Practice 2 Look at the figures of the clock again, then answer these questions! 1. a. What time do you usually wake up? b. What time did you wake up this morning? 2. a. What time do you usually go to the bathroom? b. What time did you go to the bathroom this morning? 3. a. What time do you have the morning prayer? b. What time will you leave for Jakarta tomorrow? 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. What time did Jim arrive at Juanda airport? What time does work start? What time will GIA fly to Singapore? What time does the school have the first break? What time is the school canteen full of the students

3.21 GRADED QUESTIONS (Tingkatan Pertanyaan) A. Yes/No answers. Patterns: 1. Question : Is ………………? Answer :+ Yes, he/she/it + is. - No, he/she/it + isn' t. 2. or : He/she/it/ + is ……. or : He/she /it + isn' t …….

Quest. : Are+(you/they/we/ + plural) ………..? Answ. : + Yes (I'm /they/we + are. or : (I'm)/they/we are…….

– No, (I' m not)/they/we + aren’t. or : No, ……"……aren't 3. Q. : Will + …………? 81

A.

: + Yes, ……….. will. – No, ……….. won’t

or : ……… will + verba I …………. or : ……… won + Verbs I ………….

4.

Q. A.

: Can ………………? : + Yes, ……….. can – No, ……….. can't or :……… can + verbs l …………. or :……… can't + verbs I ………….

5.

Q. A.

: May …………? : + Yes, …………+ may or :……… may + verbs I ………….

– No, ………… + mayn't or :……… may not + verbs I …………. 6. Q. A. : Must …………? : + Yes, ……... need. - No, ……… needn't 7. Q. A. : Need …………? : + Yes, ……… must. – No, ……… mustn’t 8. Q. A. : Do …………? : + Yes, ……… do. – No, ……… don' t. 9. Q. A. or :……… + verbs l ( write, eat, etc.)……. or :……… don' t + verbs I …………. or :……… must + verbs I …………. or :………mustn't + verbs I …………. or :……… need + verbs I …………. or :……… needn't + verbs I ………….

: Does + he/she/it/Mr. …………? : + Yes, he/she/it + does. or :……… verbs + es/s (loves/washe) ….. or :……… + doesan't + verbs I ……….

- No, he/she/it + doesn't. 10. Q. A. : Did …………? : + Yes, ……… did. – No, ……… didn't. 11. Q. A. : Have ………...? : + Yes, ……… have. - No, ………haven’t. 12. Q. A.

or :……… + verbs (past t.) ………. or :……… didn't + verbs I ……….

or :……… have + verbs III …………. or :……… haven' t + verbs III ……….

: Has + he/she/it/Mrs. …………? : + Yes, ……… has. – No, ……… hasn't. or :……… has + verbs III ………. or :……… he/she/it + hasn't + vebbs III….

13. Q. A.

: Had………….? : + Yes, ………had. – No. ……… hadn’t. or :……… had + verbs III ………. or :……… hadn't + verbs III ……….

82

B. CHOICE ANSWERS (Jawaban Pilihan) 1. Q. A. 2. Q. A. 3. Q. A. 4. Q. A. 5. Q. A. 6. Q. A. 7. Q. A. 8. Q. A. : Is …………or …………? : ……… Long answer : ……… is ………. : Are ………or ………? : ……… Long answer : ……… are ………. : Will ……… or ………? :…… (wiil + verbs l) ……..Long answer: …… will + verbs I…. will go/will write : Can ……… or ……….? : ……(can + verbs I)……Long answer :…… can + verbs I…. can eat : May ………or ………? : ……(may + verbs I) ……Long answer : ……naed + verbs …. may leave : Must ……… or ………? : ……(need + verbs I)……Long answer : ……need + verbs I …. need drink : Need……….. or ……..? : ……must + verbs I ……Long answer : ……must + verbs I ….. must drink : Do ………or ………? : …… + verbs l ……. Long answer : …… + verbs I (make, zake etc). 9. Q. A. 10. Q. A. 11. Q. A. 12. Q. A. 13. Q. A. : Does ………or ………? : Verbs l + s/es ……. Long answer : ……verbs I + s/es …….. reads/washes/watches : Did ……… or ……..? : Verbs + (past t.) ……Long answer : ……verbs (past t.) …….. : Have ……… or ………? : (have + verbs III) …… Long answer : ……have + verbs III …… : Has ………or………? : (has + verbs III) …… Long answer : …… has + verbs III …… : Had …… or ………? : (had + verbs III) …… Long answer : ……had + verbs III ……

Give short and long answers to the following questions ! Look at the examples, analyze, then conclude !

83

Questions 1. Are you a student ?

Short answers + Yes, I’m - No, I’m not

Long answers Yes, I’m a student. No, I’m not a student. Yes, I will find a job after school.

2. Will you find a job after school ?

+ Yes, I will.

- No, I won’t

No, I won’t find a job after school.

3. Do you work at home ? 4. Does Miss Susilo teach biology ?

+ Yes, I do. - No, I don’t. + Yes, she does. - No, she doesn’t.

Yes, I work at home. No, I don’t work at home. Yes, she teaches biology. No, she doesn’t teach biology.

Do as the examples ! 1. Is Carlos a technical student ? 2. Are Kesy and Ira studying math ? 3. Does Cathey live in Sydney ? 4. Do those people speak Indonesian ? 5. Did Patricia lose her purse ? 6. Will Sally marry you ? 7. Can that child read English well ? 8. Shall we leave for Bali this evening ? 9. Does Deny wash his own clothes ? 10. Did you meet Tina this morning ?

Choice questions. 11. Do you study English or biology ? 12. Does the driver repair a van or a truck ? 13. Will Jimy stay in Malang or in Bali ? 14. Did Iwan take a taxi or a public transport ? 15. Were the sheep hungry or tired ?

C. Wh……./How…….. You can just give short answers/just the points of the answers. 84

1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9.

What Who Whom Where When Why Which How

= apa; berapa; sebagai apa = siapa (untuk menanyakan orang sebagai subject) = siapa (untuk menanyakan orang sebagai object) = dimana = kapan = mengapa = yang mana = bagaimana; dengan naik apa

How many =berapa banyak (untuk benda yang dapat dihitung)

10. How much = berapa banyak (untuk benda yang tak dapat dihitung)/ berapa harga. 11. How long = berapa lama/panjang 12. How far 13. Whose = berapa jauh = milik siapa/kepunyaan siapa.

Making Questions : a). Yes/No Questions b). Wh-/How- Questions.

General : 1. Andrew is a civil servant. 2. He works at a college. 3. He has been a civil servant for ten years. 4. He is also in the service of a restaurant in the evening. 5. He always does his duty very well. 6. He works 7 hours a day. 7. The work starts at 8 a.m. and is over at 3 p.m. 8. He goes to work by motorcycle.

Specific (Biology about a digestion system). 9. Teeth grind and break down food to smaller pieces for enzymes to digest 10. Tongue rolls food into a bolus for swallowing. 11. Saliva contains enzymes for digestion and lubricates bolus for swallowing. 85

12. Stomach churns food and secretes digestive enzymes. 13. It also turns food into liquified enzymes.(chyme). 14. It stores food for 2 to 6 hours. 15. Small intestine is the main site of digestion. 16. It has glands which secrete enzymes for digeston. 17. Pancreas secretes insuline to regulate blood glucose levels. 18. Large intestine absorbs water and mineral salts.

3.22 Making Statements Using Cues (kata-kata bantu). Topik ini merupakan awal latihan membuat kalimat-kalimat pernyataan (statements). Pola-pola dalam bab ini bisa dikembangkan dengan Lessons sebelumnya, termasuk penggunaan Tenses-nya. Examples: Roby a teacher a Senior High School a. Roby is a teacher b. He teaches at a Senior High School. biology from Malang State University c. He teaches biology. d. He graduated from Malang State University. in 1990 for 15 years e. He graduated in 1990 f. He has been teaching/a teacher for 15 years. 20 class-hours a week g. He teaches 20 class-hours a week. by motor cycle h. He goes to school motor cycle.

Exercise : Do the same thing! 1. Mr, Adam Smith. a. b. c. d. e. a scientist, a teacher/a lecturer for 20 years from "Soedirman State University" Natural Science Department 86

f. g. 2.

Under Graduate Program in 1986

Jony Kualat. a. b. c. d. e. a contractor Papua a Building Construction for 10 years 8 a.m. – 4:40 p.m.

3.

Mrs. Dian Sukamto a. b. c. d. e. f. g. h. Mrs. Sukamto. on March 22nd, 1960. a stay-at-home mum. Mr. Sukamto at a shoe factory 8. a.m. - 3:30 p.m. Rp. 4,500 million a month. Jl . Jawa 26 Malang.

4.

Percy Hilton. a. b. c. d. e. f. Percy German a tourist Yogya/plane two weeks mt. Bromo, Grajagan Beach Resort g. to Australia

5.

Mira Sugandhi a. b. c. d. unmarried 25 years old. a café 6 waiters/4 waitresses.

87

e.

fried cnicken, fried rice, roast beef, grilled fish.

f. g. h. i. j. 6

6:30 - 10, p.m. boy-friend/college student medical faculty last semester one year older.

Exercice (Practice) Make your own statements with the following Cues. a. (decide the person's name) b. nickname/ surname c. home-town i. j. k. l. m. n. o. work-hours a day work-days a week marital status his/her job the number of tne kids their studies their residence

d. date of birth e. occupation f. position

g. duration of work h. income/revenue Making various questions. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. menanyakan pekerjaan/ sbg. apa bekerja dimana bekerja di bagian apa lamanya bekerja lamanya sbg. apa

= What are/is ------------------- ? = Where do/does ----- work ? = What section do/does – work in ? = How long have/has --- been working ? = How long have/has – been a/an--- ?

lamanya jam bekerja dalam 1 hari = How many hours do/does – work a day lamanya jam bekerja dalam 1 minggu = How many hours do/does – work a week ? = What days do/does --- work a week ?

8. hari-hari apa bekerja dalam 1 minggu 9. pekerjaan dimulai jam berapa 10. pekerjaan usai jam berapa 11. berapa gaji/upah dalam 1 bulan 12. naik apa ke tempat kerja

= What time does work start ? = What time is the work over ? = How much do/does – earn a month ? = How do/does – go to work ?

88

13. makan waktu berapa lama ke 14. dengan siapa ke tempat kerja 15. menanyakan berapa banyak

= How long does it take to go to – by---? = With whom do/does --- go to work ? = How many ---- (+s/es) do/does --- verb.

(untuk benda-benda yang dapat dihitung) 16. menanyakan jumlah benda yang tergolong tak dapat dihitung. 17. menanyakan ‘milik/kepunyaan’ = whose +things do/does/did/be – (verbs) ------ etc ? = How much do/does--- verb --------- ?

Exercise: Make questions! General. 1. The Sawyers live at 87 King Street. 2. In the morning, Mr. Sawyer goes to work and the children go to school. 3. Their father takes them to school every day. 4. Mrs. Sawyer stays at home everyday. 5. She does the house-works. 6. In the evening the children come home from school. 7. They arrive home early.

Specific.(Science) LIFE. Everyday, the sun radiates vast amounts of energy to the earth and our moon, and to all the other planets in our solar system and everyday, the planets reradiate that energy into space. Only on earth is there a unique delay in the reemission of a tiny fraction of that energy: for a brief moment, a minute portion of it is trapped and stored. This minor delay in the flow of cosmic energy powers life.Plants capture sunlight and use its energy to build and maintain stems and leaves and seeds, while animals secure the energy of sunlight by eating plants, or by eating oher animals that have eaten plants.At each stage in the many processes of living and dying, waste heat is produced, which joins the pool of energy being relayed back into space. Biology is the study of this very special category of energy utilization – it is the science of living things. The world is teeming with life: millions of species of 89

organisms of every description inhabit the earth, feeding directly or indirectly off liveless sources of energy like the sun. What is there in the maze of diversity that unites all biology into one field?

Specific. (about Science). A theory is a hypothesis that has been repeatedly and extensively tested.It is supported by all the data that have been gathered, and helps order and explain those data. Many scientific theories, like the cell theory, are so well supported by essentially all the known facts that they themselves are “facts” in the non-scientific application of that term; but the testing of a theory never stops.No theory in a science ever absolutely and finally proven.Good scientists must be ready to alter or even abandon their most cherished generalizations when new evidence contradicts them.They must remember that all their theories, including the physical laws, are dependent on observable phenomena and not vice versa.Even in correct theories, however, can be enormously valuable in science. We usually think of mistaken hypotheses as just so much intellectual rubbish to be cleared away before science can progress, but tightly drawn, explicitly testable hypotheses, whether right or wrong, capitalize progress by focusing thought and experimentation.

3.23 THE RELATIVE CLAUSE RELATIVE CLAUSE ialah kata-kata yang menghubungkan kata benda (Noun): yaitu (people/non-people) dengan kata-kata./phrase/sub-clause yang

menerangkannya, yang letaknya DI BELAKANG NOUN tersebut. ANGGOTA RELATIVE CLAUSE ITU ialah : a) untuk Noun (people) : WHO, WHOM, WHOSE, THAT = “YANG” b) untuk Noun (non- people): WHICH, OF WHICH, WHOSE dan THAT = "YANG"

Pengetahuan dan penggunaannya sangat penting untuk mendefinisikan /menjelaskan seseorang; sesuatu kepada siswa atau orang lain.

90

Patterns: Untuk PEOPLE. 1. "who" = sebagai penghubung Noun (people) yang menjadi subject dalam kalimat (adjective clause) yang menerangkannya Rumusnya : Subject - who + (verbs/be/lauxiliaries, modals – etc) predicate (object) …………etc. Examples : There are three people in the carshow room Question : Which one is Johny Answer : The man who is looking close at the car is Johny. ( The man is Johny. He is looking close at the car.) or : Johny is the one who is looking close at the car.

2.

"whom/that" = (dalam hal ini, boleh tidak digunakan) sebagai penghubung Noun (people) yang menjadi object dalam kalimat yang menerangkannya (adjective clause) atau menjadi object sebuah preposition dari kalirnat yang menerangkannya. Examples : There are two men in the room. Question : Which is Mr. Thompson? Answer : The man whom/that the lecturer is talking to is Mr. Thompson

3.

"whose" = kata penghubung untuk bentuk “kepunyaan-milik” dalam keterangannya.

Examples: There are two men in the room Question : Which one is Mr. Thompson? Answer : The man whose trousers are black's Mr. Thompson (The man is Mr. Thompson. His trousers are black) or : Mr. Thompsonn is the one whose trousers are black. 91

Untuk NON-PEOPLE, THINGS. 1. "which" = penghubung pada Noun (non-people), baik sebagai subject maupun object datam kalimat yang menerangkannya.(' dalam adjective clause ). There are four cats in the yard. Question : Which is `pushy'? Answer a. :

sbg. subject :`pushy' is the cat which drinks milk or : The cat which drinks milk is 'pushy (The cat is pushy It drinks milk).

b.

sbg. object

: `pushy' is the cat

which ' you kicked yesterday or: The cat (which/that) you kicked yesterday is `pushy'. 2. "whose/of which" = penghubung untuk milik; kepunyaan. Bentuk pola kalimatnya: Subject - (whose/of which the + noun………etc) - predicate - etc. Example: The cat whose fur (bulunya) is black is `pushy'.

Exercise : There are three people in the car-show room. Question : Which one is Lucas? Answer : The man who welcomes the visitors is Lucas

or

: Lucas is the man who welcomes the visitors.

Question : Which is Buddy? Answer : The man to whom Lucas is offering a car is Buddy

92

You can see 5 people in the supermarket. People: 1. Johnson : The man who wears a small hat s Johnson

2. Lucia Johnson : The woman whose coat is being taken off is Mrs. Lucia Johnson. 3. The Johnsons : The people {whom/that) the cloakroom - attendant welcomes are The Johnsons. Non-people /Things: 1. The horse which is eating grass is an Australian horse 2. The chair (that/'which/where) Bill sits on will be mended 3. The chair of which one of the legs is broken will be mended Practice 1 Now, look at the pictures then identify these people! 1. Anna. Question: Which is Anna? 2. Mr. Roby Wilson. Question: Which is Mr. Roby Wilson? 3. Mrs. Lucia Wilson. Question: Which one is Mrs. Lucia Wilson? 4. Nancy Wilson Question: Which one is Nancy Wilson'' 5. Nancy's Boy-Friend. Question: Which one is Nancy's Boy-Friend?

Practice 2 Task Identify each person in the picture! Make each of them different by adding an Adjective clause

93

3.24 Making Definition/Explaining Something. To be able -to make definition/explaining something is important to enable pupils/students to understand things that they do not know. Patterns: 1. Things ( singular) is (kind/sort) which /that + verb + s/es ………………….. − − A laboratory is a room where someone/students pratise(s) something. (adjective clause) A microscope is a kind of a lab. instrument to magnify objects to be investigated. 2. Animal: insect : An ant is a small insect which lives in groups, which has 6 feet which likes sweets. mamals : A tiger is a wild, fierce animal as big as a calf whose skin is yellow striped which likes eating meat (carnivorous). A cow is a herbal four-legged animal having two horns which weighs about 200 kg when adult. 3. People / occupations: Question Answer : What is "chef" : A chef is a woman or a man who works in a restaurant whose job is to cook. Question Answer : What is "teller"? : A teller is a person, mostly a woman, who w orks in a bank to serve the creditors. 4. activity: Question Answer : What is "push"? : "push" is an activity using both right and left hands to press something. 5. condition / adjective. Question Answer : 'What is "hungry"? : "hungry" is a condition /a weak condition because of not eating for some period of time.

94

Exercises: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. What is “carrot”? What is “chilli pepper”? What is “mammal”? What is “reptilia”? What is “Aves (Birds)”? - What is “Saliva”? - What is “enzyme”? 6. 7. 8. 9. What is “amphibia”? What is “wild”? What is “fierce”? What is “angry”?

10. What is “digest”? 11. What is “swallow”? 12. What is “deficate”? 13. What is “evolve”? 14. What is “remove”? 15. What is “investigate”?

95

1. POKOK-POKOK PIKIRAN PERANCANG PORTOFOLIO MATAKULIAH: TEACHING BIOLOGY IN ENGLISH 1 September 2009 1. Portofolio yang dikembangkan berisi kumpulan bukti proses pembelajaran dan kinerja mahasiswa dalam Teaching Biology in English. 2. Pemanfaatan portofolio ini: • untuk dijadikan sarana refleksi bagi mahasiswa mengenai kemajuan kemampuannya dalam mempelajari Teaching Biology in English • untuk dijadikan bahan pertimbangan dosen untuk menilai pengetahuan, sikap, dan keterampilan penyusunnya dalam rangka pemberian nilai akhir matakuliah Teaching Biology in English. 3. Struktur portofolio yang dikembangkan: a. Macam bukti (artifak) 1). Hasil karya tulis mahasiswa: berupa 5 macam karya yaitu: a) jurnal kegiatan sepanjang semester ini b) hasil analisis kritis satu artikel yang dilakukan secara kelompok c) RPP Kelompok d) RPP Perorangan e) Persiapan mengajar berupa Presentasi Power point dst dan bukti-bukti hasil kegiatan di kelas (worksheet yang sudah diisi, product siswa, hasil penilaian terhadap siswa) dst. 2). Hasil pengesahan: berupa catatan hasil masukan dari mahasiswa lain atau dari dosen; berupa coretan pada draft naskah RPP sebagai usulan perbaikan. 3). Produksi, berupa a) pernyataan penyusunnya mengenai tujuan pengembangan portofolio b) hasil refleksi diri pengembang yang berupa ungkapan perasaan atau pemahaman terhadap kegiatan dan bagaimana hal ini mempengaruhi pemahaman sebelumnya dan pengembangan selanjutnya. c) identitas dokumen yang menjelaskan bukti apa yang ada dalam portofolio yang dikembangkan b. Penentuan dan Pengaturan mengenai Bukti: 1). Siapa yang menentukan mengenai apa bukti yang harus disertakan? • Kesepakatan antara dosen dan mahasiswa (mahasiswa mengusulkan apa saja bukti yang disertakan; dosen menyebut semua bukti yang mungkin dapat diberikan). 2). Seberapa banyak bukti yang perlu dimasukkan? • Pilih bukti yang representatif, yang memuaskan pengembangnya. 3). Bagaimana pengaturan bukti-bukti tersebut? • Sesuai dengan pilihan mahasiswa, boleh secara kronologis, teoritis dan menurut kelompok bukti. 4). Penyekoran Portofolio Terlampir diberikan format-format kriteria penilaian portofolio mahasiswa sebagai berikut. a) kriteria penilaian portofolio diri sendiri b) pengecekan portofolio akhir semester oleh teman

1

c) penilaian portofolio akhir semester oleh teman Khusus untuk format c) perlu diperbanyak format yang sama dan judulnya diganti penilaian oleh d) diri sendiri dan e) dosen Format-format tersebut ditayangkan di kelas untuk disepakati penggunaannya oleh dosen dan mahasiswa 5. Catatan Tambahan a. Pada awal perkuliahan sudah diberikan beberapa pedoman untuk membantu mahasiswa melakukan refleksi mengenai hasil belajarnya, yaitu bagaimana Mencatat hasil bacaan secara Analisis Kritis, pada naskah ini ditambahkan lagi pedoman untuk melakukan Refleksi Akhir Semester. b. Mahasiswa diharapkan memberi masukan/komentar mengenai format/ pedoman tersebut untuk perbaikan format agar lebih tepat dipakai untuk menunjang pengembangan portofolio tahun-tahun yang akan datang. 6. Rambu-rambu mengenai Sampul Depan dan Daftar Isi portofolio yang dikembangkan seperti terlampir.

2

END OF SEMESTER PORTFOLIO TEACHING BIOLOGY IN ENGLISH BIL 401

By ______________________ NIM : _________________ Class : ________________

BIOLOGY DEPARTMENT MATHEMATICS AND SCIENCE FACULTY MALANG STATE UNIVERSITY 2010

3

Daftar Isi Portofolio Teaching Biology in English PREFACE TABLE OF CONTENTS INTRODUCTION LEARNING JOURNAL • Identity • Journal (separated or included) • Reflection on Journal writing TITLE OF ARTICLE (completed with Identity, The Article, Result of Critical Analysis of article, Reflection) GROUP LESSON PLAN (completed with Identity, Group Lesson Plan, Preparation and Evidence of Teaching-Learning Processes, Reflection on Teaching Learning Processes) INDIVIDUAL LESSON PLAN (completed with Identity, Individual Lesson Plan, Preparation and Evidence of Teaching-Learning Processes, Reflection on Teaching Learning Processes)

END OF SEMESTER REFLECTION SELF-ASSESSMENT OF PORTFOLIO PEER-ASSESSMENT OF PORTFOLIO ASSESSMENT OF PORTFOLIO BY LECTURER

4

2. PEDOMAN UMUM PENGEMBANGAN PORTOFOLIO TEACHING BIOLOGY IN ENGLISH Pengembangan portofolio memberi kesempatan kepada Saudara untuk mereviu, menganalisis, dan menikmati karya yang telah Saudara hasilkan dalam matakuliah ini, dan juga memberi Saudara kesempatan untuk mengklarifikasi tujuan Saudara mengikuti perkuliahan ini. Tambahan pula, portofolio memberikan dokumentasi konkrit mengenai apa yang Saudara lakukan sebagai dasar penilaian kemajuan kemampuan Saudara. Portofolio adalah suatu kumpulan seleksi hasil karya, bukan seluruh hasil karya. Saudara harus memilih mana bukti (persiapan presentasi) yang akan Saudara masukkan dalam portofolio Saudara. Sebagai tambahan dari tulisan Saudara, boleh dipilih dan dimasukkan juga bahan-bahan yang menurut Saudara ikut menunjang perkembangan kemampuan Saudara sebagai pebelajar Teaching Biology in English (misalnya, hasil bacaan mengenai bahan-bahan ajar, metode atau strategi pembelajaran yang Saudara pilih). Suatu seleksi hasil karya bukan merupakan portofolio kecuali bila disertai pula dengan hasil refleksi, yaitu hasil pemikiran Saudara, hasil analisis Saudara mengenai tulisan atau karya Saudara tersebut. Refleksi dapat diletakkan di dua tempat-bagian PENDAHULUAN dan bagian KETERANGAN (label) atau deskripsi mengenai setiap bukti (artifak) dalam portofolio Saudara. Saudara boleh memilih untuk menulis pendahuluan yang panjang lebar dengan “keterangan” yang pendek-pendek, atau Saudara memilih menulis “keterangan” yang lebih panjang dan rinci (yang meliputi hal-hal yang disarankan ada dalam pendahuluan yang didaftar di bawah ini) dengan pendahuluan singkat. Hal-hal yang mungkin dapat Saudara masukkan dalam PENDAHULUAN: 1. Deskripsi mengenai latar belakang Saudara dalam menyusun Rencana Pelaksanaan Pembelajaran, melakukan praktik pembelajaran, pengalaman Saudara sebelumnya dalam melakukan pembelajaran. 2. Tujuan mengenai apa yang ingin Saudara capai dengan mengikuti matakuliah ini. 3. Penjelasan mengenai bagaimana peningkatan kemampuan Saudara dalam belajar Teaching Biology in English dapat memberi sumbangan kepada pencapaian tujuan akademik dan karier Saudara. 4. Ceritera mengenai mengapakah, bagaimanakah, dan manakah tugas-tugas atau kegiatan di kelas yang bermanfaat bagi Saudara dan dapat Saudara nikmati. 5. Ceritera mengenai tugas-tugas atau kegiatan di kelas yang terlalu sulit atau menantang bagi Saudara (dan mengapa tugas itu sulit, dan apa yang Saudara lakukan untuk menghadapi tantangan itu) 6. Penjelasan mengenai proses belajar Teaching Biology in English (misalnya bagaimana Saudara memulai belajar Teaching Biology in English, strategi apa yang Saudara gunakan untuk belajar? Kapan dan di mana Saudara dapat belajar paling baik? Sumber-sumber apa yang sangat membantu pada saat membuat RPP dan merevisi RPP Saudara? Pada saat mengumpulkan dan menganalisis hasil belajar siswa? Pada saat menyusun refleksi hasil membelajarkan? Apa masukan teman? Komentar dosen? Manakah bagian dari proses yang paling mudah atau paling sulit bagi Saudara ?

5

Identifikasilah hasil kajian pustaka yang menurut Saudara paling baik dan paling banyak berperan membantu Saudara menyusun RPP (jelaskan mengapa demikian) 8. Tuliskan beberapa hal mengenai pembelajaran Teaching Biology in English yang belum Saudara pahami sebelum mengikuti perkuliahan ini (Dan tulis pula beberapa hal yang masih ingin Saudara pelajari lebih lanjut). 9. Tuliskan mengenai strategi atau teknik baru dalam belajar Teaching Biology in English yang baru Saudara peroleh (Dan ceritakan juga hal-hal lain yang ingin Saudara pelajari atau kuasai dalam belajar Teaching Biology in English sepanjang program studi Saudara selanjutnya) 10. Sebutkan bukti (artifak) khusus (tulisan atau bahan tambahan) yang Saudara pikir perlu dimasukkan karena berkaitan dengan komentarkomentar Saudara di atas. Contohnya adalah komentar Saudara mengenai keterlibatan Saudara dalam diskusi kelas saat pembelajaran oleh teman lain. Tuliskan komentar Saudara mengenai satu atau dua presentasi oleh teman yang paling Saudara sukai. Tulis juga komentar Saudara tentang contoh-contoh Lesson Plan yang diberikan dosen dari pelatihan guru RSBI l tingkat SMP. Hal-hal berikut harus Saudara periksa sebelum mengumpulkan portofolio Saudara (Apa yang harus ada dalam portofolio yang lengkap) Periksalah dengan menggunakan Kriteria berikut. Apakah portofolio Saudara sudah menunjukkan bahwa Saudara adalah Mahasiswa yang Berhasil • • • • Bukti Perkembangan: Menunjukkan apa yang telah Saudara pelajari, bagaimana Saudara berkembang sebagai seorang pebelajar. Bukti Keteladanan: Menunjukkan hasil karya terbaik, menunjukkan bahwa kriteria keberhasilan telah terpenuhi, menunjukkan proses atau produk yang lengkap. Bukti adanya Pilihan: Menunjukkan bahwa Saudara mampu memilih dan membuat keputusan dalam pekerjaan atau kegiatan-kegiatan Saudara. Bukti Keberhasilan: Menunjukkan hasil karya Saudara berupa proyek dalam suatu periode waktu; menujukkan proses kerja yang lengkap dari ide awal ke draft-draft dan ke naskah akhir; menunjukkan proyek-proyek jangka panjang yang meliputi hasil karya lebih dari satu matakuliah. Bukti Pembelajaran Sosial: Menunjukkan kemampuan Saudara untuk bekerjasama dengan orang lain, berbagi dan saling membantu dengan mahasiswa lain, menyumbang pemikiran untuk mahasiswa lain atau untuk lembaga. Bukti Penerapan: Menunjukkan kemampuan menggunakan apa yang telah Saudara pelajari di dalam situasi baru atau situasi yang berbeda, mampu memecahkan masalah, menciptakan sesuatu yang baru dan mengembangkan proyek atau rancangan baru. Bukti Evaluasi - Diri: Menunjukkan kemampuan untuk memikirkan dan memberi penilaian atau pertimbangan mengenai hasil karya Saudara sendiri, menjelaskan apa yang telah Saudara pelajari atau berapa nilai yang seharusnya Saudara peroleh ke orang lain, melengkapi lembar refleksi diri, dan menetapkan tujuan jangka panjang untuk diri Saudara sendiri.

7.

6

3. PERTANYAAN YANG HARUS DIJAWAB UNTUK PROSES PEMBELAJARAN YANG DILAKSANAKAN 1. 2. Mengapa saya memilih materi ini untuk dibelajarkan dalam kelas? Bagaimana proses pembelajaran di kelas menurut pendapat saya? a. Bagaimana bahasa Inggris yang saya gunakan? Apakah cukup komunikatif? Apakah saya melafalkannya dengan jelas? Apakah pronounciationnya sudah benar? b. Bagaimana media pembelajaran yang saya gunakan? Apakah saya menggunakan IT? Mengapa ya atau mengapa tidak? c. Bagaimana kegiatan “siswa” saya? Apakah mereka sudah “minds on”., “hands on” dan “hearts on”? Apakah mereka berhasil belajar sesuai materi yang ingin saya belajarkan? 3. Apa yang saya pelajari dari tugas ini? Mengapa tugas ini penting? Sebutkan 3 hal yang ingin Saudara sampaikan ke orang lain mengenai tugas ini. Kriteria mana mengenai mahasiswa yang sukses yang terpenuhi melalui penyelesaian tugas ini? a. Perkembangan dalam suatu periode waktu b. Penetapan pilihan c. Keberhasilan (proyek jangka panjang) d. Refleksi, Evaluasi Diri e. Keteladanan f. Penerapan keterampilan atau pengetahuan g. Pembelajaran sosial

4.

7

4. REFLEKSI DIRI AKHIR SEMESTER Nama ______________________________ Tanggal ______________________ t Pikirkan mengenai seluruh proyek dan karya yang telah Anda selesaikan selama satu semester ini. Apakah hal terpenting yang telah Anda pelajari? Apakah Anda ingin mempelajarinya lebih lanjut? t Apa hal yang paling istimewa yang Anda pelajari? Mengapa? t Apa yang ingin Anda pelajari pada semester yang akan datang? Mengapa? Setelah itu uraikan hasil refleksi diri Saudara mengenai apa yang ditunjukkan oleh portofolio yang Saudara kembangkan Tuliskan juga hal-hal berikut apabila Saudara belum menguraikannya di dalam Pendahuluan Portofolio ini. “Ceritera” mengenai apa yang Saudara disajikan dalam portofolio Saudara? Aspek apa yang terdokumentasikan? Pemahaman mengenai cara belajar? Disiplin belajar? Pemilihan kata? Pembuatan RPP? Keterampilan mengajar? Perkembangan kemampuan berbicara dalam ahasa Inggris? Kemampuan menulis dalam bahasa Inggris? Apakah perlu juga hasil refleksi Saudara (yang Saudara pikirkan secara analitis) mengenai kemampuan Saudara belajar Teaching Biology in English? Mungkin juga berisi buku-buku sumber yang perlu Saudara rujuk untuk meningkatkan kemampuan Saudara lebih lanjut? Perlukah Saudara tulis pula tugas atau kegiatan yang sangat Saudara sukai dalam mata kuliah ini? Atau perlu jugakah Saudara tuliskan mengenai tugas-tugas yang meningkatkan kemampuan Saudara belajar Teaching Biology in English? Manakah tugas-tugas atau kegiatan yang terlalu sulit untuk saya? Manakah hasil karya Saudara yang paling Saudara banggakan? Seberapa besar rasa percaya diri dan kemandirian yang Saudara miliki dalam belajar Teaching Biology in English dan mempersiapkan RPP dalam bahasa Inggris? Strategi belajar/keterampilan belajar yang mana yang telah Saudara peroleh dan Saudara rasakan paling efektif untuk diri Saudara sendiri dalam mempelajari Teaching Biology in English? Pemikiran atau pertanyaan apa yang masih Saudara miliki mengenai Teaching Biology in English?

8

6. PENGECEKAN PORTOFOLIO OLEH DIRI SENDIRI Portofolio Anda memenuhi kriteria (+++) = istimewa (vv) = memuaskan (++) = sangat bagus (v) = lumayan (+v) = bagus (-) = kurang ....... 1. Daftar Isi yang menunjukkan isi portofolio ...... 2. Bukti-bukti yang dengan jelas diberi label sesuai yang tertulis dalam Daftar isi untuk menunjukkan konteks penyusunannya, respons Anda mengenai hal tersebut, perkembangan diri Anda sebagai penulis/peneliti, dan penilaian Anda mengenai hal tersebut ...... 3. Pendahuluan yang menceritakan tentang latar belakang Anda dalam bidang kemampuan melakukan pembelajaran dalam Bahasa Inggris dan perkembangan Anda dalam bidang tersebut selama ini. ...... 4. Keterangan khusus sebagai pengantar untuk suatu bukti tertentu ...... 5. Paling sedikit sepuluh buah bukti hasil karya Anda semester ini. • Jurnal belajar Teaching Biology in English • Analisis kritis artikel • RPP Kelompok • Bukti persiapan dan hasil Pembelajaran Kelompok • RPP Perorangan • Bukti persiapan dan hasil Pembelajaran Perorangan ..... 6. Kerapian portofolio dan urutan penyajian yang tepat. ...... 7.Ada satu bukti yang menunjukkan proses penulisan persiapan presentasi pembelajaran ...... 8. Beberapa bukti tambahan perlu dimasukkan dan dianalisis karena alasan • favorit/sangat menarik/sangat bermanfaat • sangat sulit atau menantang ...... 9. Kualitas keseluruhan dari karya akhir yang telah disempurnakan: • selesai dikembangkan dengan sempurna • menunjukkan bukti proses/usaha • menunjukkan koherensi/organisasi yang baik • kreativitas/keefektifan rhetorik • tata bahasa, pengetikan • Kualitas keseluruhan hasil refleksi/analisis (dalam pendahuluan umum dan dalam melabel masing-masing bukti) ...... 10. Nilai portofolio Anda untuk semester ini Komentar: (tuliskan dibalik kertas ini)

9

7. PENGECEKAN PORTOFOLIO AKHIR SEMESTER OLEH TEMAN Kelas : ……… Program Studi : ………………. Nama Pemilik Portofolio Nama Penilai : _______________________________ : _______________________________

Gunakan Lembar Pengecekan Portofolio ini untuk melakukan pengecekan penyajian dan kelengkapan portofolio teman Saudara. Dengan memeriksa portofolio ini Saudara mendapat kesempatan untuk membandingkan portofolio Saudara dengan portofolio teman dan membantu saya mengumpulkan data portofolio kelas ini. Periksalah portofolio rekan Saudara itu dan berilah tanda + (plus) untuk tampilan/sajian yang istimewa v (cek) untuk tampilan/sajian yang memuaskan - (minus) untuk tampilan/sajian yang kurang 0 (nol) kalau tampilan yang seharusnya ada, tidak ada Dan jawablah pertanyaan yang diajukan di tempat yang telah disediakan. ) Sampul Depan Portofolio ) Kata Pengantar ) Daftar Isi ) Pendahuluan ) Identitas Jurnal ) Jurnal Belajar • Berapa masing-masing entry untuk Bulan September 2009? ________ Bulan Oktober 2009? __________ Bulan Nopember 2009? ___________ Bulan Desember 2009? ___________ Bulan Januari 2010?____________ c. ( ) Refleksi Diri tentang jurnal 6. a. ( ) Identitas Naskah Artikel Jurnal yang Dianalisis Kritis b. ( ) Naskah Artikel c. ( ) Naskah Terjemahan (kalau ada) d. ( ) Hasil Analisis Kritis e. ( ) Refleksi Hasil Analisis Kritis 7. a. ( ) Identitas RPP Kelompok b. ( ) Naskah RPP Kelompok c. ( ) Naskah Persiapan Mengajar dan Penilaian Diri Mengenai Proses Pembelajaran d. ( ) Bukti Proses dan Hasil Pembelajaran e. ( ) Refleksi Hasil Pelaksanaan Persiapan dan Pembelajaran 8. a. ( ) Identitas RPP Perorangan b. ( ) Naskah RPP Perorangan c. ( ) Naskah Persiapan Mengajar dan Penilaian Diri Mengenai Proses Pembelajaran d. ( ) Bukti Proses dan Hasil Pembelajaran e. ( ) Refleksi Hasil Pelaksanaan Persiapan dan Pembelajaran 9. ( ) Refleksi Akhir Semester 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. ( ( ( ( a. ( b. (

10

10. (

) Penilaian Portofolio Diri Sendiri apakah cukup objektif? _________

Komentar untuk kegiatan penilaian portofolio ini (tuliskan di sini, bila tidak cukup, lanjutkan di baliknya).

11

8. PENILAIAN PORTOFOLIO AKHIR SEMESTER OLEH TEMAN Kelas : ……… Program Studi : ………………. Nama Pemilik Portofolio Nama Penilai Tanggal : _______________________________ : _______________________________ : _______________________________

Berdasarkan pengecekan penyajian dan kelengkapan portofolio teman Saudara tersebut, berilah penilaian dari 1 (0 – 49, sangat kurang), 2 (50 – 65, kurang), 3 (66 – 74, cukup), 4 (75 – 90, baik) atau 5 (91 – 100, sangat baik) untuk setiap butir di bawah ini dan kalikan dengan bobotnya untuk memperoleh nilai akhir portofolio. Untuk Portofolio Akhir Semester Weight 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. Preface Table of Content Introduction Learning Journal Critical Analysis of Article Group Lesson Plan Individual Lesson Plan End of Semester Reflection 5 5 10 15 10 20 25 10 Score …… …… …… …… …… …… …… …… Total Weight x Score …… …… …… …… …… …… …… ……

Kesimpulan: Nilai Akhir Portofolio A A- B+ B B- C D E (lingkari salah satu), dengan patokan E (0 – 50, sangat kurang sekali), D (51 – 100, sangat kurang), C (101 – 150 kurang), B- ( 151 – 200, cukup), atau B (201 – 250, agak baik), B+ (251 – 300, baik), A- (351 – 400, sangat baik), A (401 – 500, istimewa) Komentar untuk portofolio teman Saudara (tuliskan di sini, bila tidak cukup, lanjutkan di baliknya).

12

Sign up to vote on this title
UsefulNot useful