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Mechatronics

Mechatronics is a multidisciplinary field of science that includes a combination of


mechanical engineering, electronics, computer engineering, telecommunications
engineering, systems engineering and control engineering.[1][2] As technology
advances, the subfields of engineering multiply and adapt. Mechatronics' aim is a
design process that unifies these subfields. Originally
, mechatronics just included the
combination of mechanics and electronics, therefore the word is a combination of
mechanics and electronics; however, as technical systems have become more and
more complex the definition has been broadened to include more technical areas.

The word "mechatronics" originated inJapanese-English and was created by Tetsuro Mechatronic system
Mori, an engineer of Yaskawa Electric Corporation. The word "mechatronics" was
registered as trademark by the company in Japan with the registration number of
"46-32714" in 1971. However, afterward the company released the right of using the word to public, and the word "mechatronics"
spread to the rest of the world. Nowadays, the word is translated in each language and the word is considered as an essential term for
industry.

French standard NF E 01-010 gives the following definition: “approach aiming at the synergistic integration of mechanics,
electronics, control theory, and computer science within product design and manufacturing, in order to improve and/or optimize its
functionality".

robotics and "electromechanical engineering".[3][4]


Many people treat "mechatronics" as a modern buzzword synonymous with

Contents
Description
Course structure
Application
Physical implementations
Variant of the field
Internet of things
See also
References
Sources
Further reading
External links

Description
A mechatronics engineer unites the principles of mechanics, electronics, and computing to generate a simpler, more economical and
reliable system. The term "mechatronics" was coined by Tetsuro Mori, the senior engineer of the Japanese company Yaskawa in
1969. An industrial robot is a prime example of a mechatronics system; it includes aspects of electronics, mechanics, and computing
to do its day-to-day jobs.
Engineering cybernetics deals with the question of control engineering of
mechatronic systems. It is used to control or regulate such a system (see control
theory). Through collaboration, the mechatronic modules perform the production
goals and inherit flexible and agile manufacturing properties in the production
scheme. Modern production equipment consists of mechatronic modules that are
integrated according to a control architecture. The most known architectures involve
hierarchy, polyarchy, heterarchy, and hybrid. The methods for achieving a technical
effect are described by control algorithms, which might or might not utilize formal
methods in their design. Hybrid systems important to mechatronics include
production systems, synergy drives, planetary exploration rovers, automotive
subsystems such as anti-lock braking systems and spin-assist, and everyday
equipment such as autofocus cameras, video,hard disks, and CD players. Aerial Euler diagram from RPI's
website describes the fields that
make up mechatronics
Course structure
Mechatronics students take courses in various fields:

Mechanical engineeringand materials science


Electronics engineering
Electrical engineering
Computer engineering (software & hardware engineering)
Computer science
Systems
control engineering
Optical engineering

Application
Machine vision
Automation and robotics
Servo-mechanics
Sensing and control systems
Automotive engineering, automotive equipment in the design of subsystems such asanti-lock braking systems
Computer-machine controls, such as computer driven machines like CNC milling machines, CNC waterjets, and
CNC plasma cutters
Expert systems
Industrial goods
Consumer products
Mechatronics systems
Medical mechatronics, medical imaging systems
Structural dynamic systems
Transportation and vehicular systems
Mechatronics as the new language of the automobile
Computer aided and integrated manufacturing systems
Computer-aided design
Engineering and manufacturing systems
Packaging
Microcontrollers / PLCs

Physical implementations
Mechanical modeling calls for modeling and simulating physical complex phenomena in the scope of a multi-scale and multi-
physical approach. This implies to implement and to manage modeling and optimization methods and tools, which are integrated in a
systemic approach. The specialty is aimed at students in mechanics who want to open their mind to systems engineering, and able to
integrate different physics or technologies, as well as students in mechatronics who want to increase their knowledge in optimization
and multidisciplinary simulation techniques. The speciality educates students in robust and/or optimized conception methods for
structures or many technological systems, and to the main modeling and simulation tools used in R&D. Special courses are also
proposed for original applications (multi-materials composites, innovating transducers and actuators, integrated systems, …) to
prepare the students to the coming breakthrough in the domains covering the materials and the systems. For some mechatronic
systems, the main issue is no longer how to implement a control system, but how to implement actuators. Within the mechatronic
field, mainly two technologies are used to produce movement/motion.

Variant of the field


An emerging variant of this field is biomechatronics, whose purpose is to integrate mechanical parts with a human being, usually in
the form of removable gadgets such as anexoskeleton. This is the "real-life" version ofcyberware.

Another variant that we can consider is Motion control for Advanced Mechatronics, which presently is recognized as a key
technology in mechatronics. The robustness of motion control will be represented as a function of stiffness and a basis for practical
realization. Target of motion is parameterized by control stiffness which could be variable according to the task reference. However,
fness in the controller.[5]
the system robustness of motion always requires very high stif

Avionics is also considered a variant of mechatronics as it combines several fields such as electronics and telecom with Aerospace
Engineering.

Internet of things
The Internet of things (IoT) is the inter-networking of physical devices, embedded with electronics, software, sensors, actuators, and
network connectivity which enable these objects to collect and exchangedata.

IoT and mechatronics are complementary. Many of the smart components associated with the Internet of Things will be essentially
mechatronic. The development of the IoT is forcing mechatronics engineers, designers, practitioners and educators to research the
ways in which mechatronic systems and components are perceived, designed and manufactured. This allows them to face up to new
[6]
issues such as data security, machine ethics and the human-machine interface.

See also
Cybernetics
Control theory
Ecomechatronics
Electromechanics
Materials engineering
Mechanical engineering technology
Robotics
Systems engineering

References
1. Mechanical and Mechatronics Engineering Department."What is Mechatronics Engineering?"(http://www.mme.uwat
erloo.ca/undergrad/mechatronics/prospective/prospective.html)
. Prospective Student Information. University of
Waterloo. Retrieved 30 May 2011.
2. Faculty of Mechatronics, Informatics and Interdisciplinary Studies TUL.
"Mechatronics (Bc., Ing., PhD.)"(http://mech
atronics.tul.cz). Retrieved 15 April 2011.
3. "Electromechanical/Mechatronics Technology" (http://www.lcti.org/Page/1110) Archived (https://web.archive.org/web/
20140516094120/http://www.lcti.org/Page/1110) 2014-05-16 at the Wayback Machine.. lcti.org
4. Lawrence J. Kamm (1996).Understanding Electro-Mechanical Engineering: An Introduction to Mechatronics
(https://
books.google.com/books?id=_8FrB5pMYQQC) . John Wiley & Sons. ISBN 978-0-7803-1031-5.
5. ″Motion Control and Advanced Mechatronics″(http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/stamp/stamp.jsp?arnumber=491410)
.
6. Bradley, David; Russell, David; Ferguson, Ian(March 2015). "The Internet of Things-The future or the end of
mechatronics". Mechatronics.

Sources
Bradley, Dawson et al., Mechatronics, Electronics in products and processes, Chapman and Hall Verlag, London,
1991.
Karnopp, Dean C., Donald L. Margolis, Ronald C. Rosenberg,System Dynamics: Modeling and Simulation of
Mechatronic Systems, 4th Edition, Wiley, 2006. ISBN 0-471-70965-4 Bestselling system dynamics book using bond
graph approach.
Cetinkunt, Sabri, Mechatronics, John Wiley & Sons, Inc, 2007ISBN 9780471479871
James J. Nutaro (2010).Building software for simulation: theory and algorithms, with applications in C++
. Wiley.

Further reading
Robert Munnig Schmidt, Georg Schitter, Adrian Rankers and Jan van Eijk,The Design of High Performance
Mechatronics – 2nd revised edition. IOS Press, 2014.
Bishop, Robert H., Mechatronics: an introduction. CRC Press, 2006.
De Silva, Clarence W., Mechatronics: an integrated approach. CRC Press, 2005
Onwubolu, Godfrey C.,Mechatronics: principles and applications. Butterworth-Heinemann, 2005.
Rankers, Adrian M., Machine Dynamics in Mechatronic Systems. University Twente, 1997

External links
IEEE/ASME Transactions on Mechatronics.
Mechatronics Journal – Elsevier
mechatronic applications and realisationList of publications concerning examples
Institution of Mechanical Engineers - Mechatronics, Informatics and Control Group (MICG)
NF E 01-010 2008 – AFNOR (French standard NF E 01-010)
XP E 01-013 2009 – AFNOR (French standard NF E 01-013)

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