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Física para ingeniería
Septiembre 2017
Noé Velázquez López

1. In an orienteering class, you have the goal of moving as far (straight-line distance) from base
camp as possible by making three straight-line moves. You may use the following

displacements in any order: (a) a, 2.0 km due east (directly toward the east); (b) b, 2.0 km 30°

north of east (at an angle of 30° toward the north from due east); (c) c, 1.0 km due west.

Alternatively, you may substitute either -b for b or -c for c. What is the greatest distance you
can be from base camp at the end of the third displacement? (We are not concerned about the


2. A small airplane leaves an airport on an overcast day and is later sighted 215 km away, in a
direction making an angle of 22° east of due north. This means that the direction is not due

north (directly toward the north) but is rotated 22° toward the east from due north. How far east

and north is the airplane from the airport when sighted?

3. A hedge maze is a maze formed by tall rows of hedge. After entering, you search for the center
point and then for the exit. Figure 1 shows the entrance to such a maze and the first two choices

we make at the junctions we encounter in moving from point i to point c. We undergo three

displacements as indicated in the overhead view of Fig. 1b

d1 = 6.00m θ1 = 40º
d2 = 6.00m θ2 = 30º
d3 = 6.00m θ3 = 0º
where the last segment is parallel to the superimposed x axis. When we reach point c, what are

the magnitude and angle of our net displacement dnet from point i?

Figura 1.
4. Figure 2 shows the following three vectors:

What is their vector sum r which is also shown?


Figura 2
r r
5. What is the angle between a  3.0iˆ  4.0 ˆj and b  3.0iˆ  4.0kˆ ?
6. In Fig.3.20 a vector lies in the xy plane, has a magnitude of 18 units, and points in a direction
250° from the positive direction of the x axis. Also, vector b has a magnitude of 12 units and
  r r r
points in the positive direction of the z axis. What is the vector product c  axb
r r r
7. For the following three vectors,what is 3C  2 A  B?

8. A particle moves in the xy plane, starting from the origin at t = 0 with an initial velocity having
an x component of 20 m/s and a y component of 215 m/s. The particle experiences an

acceleration in the x direction, given by ax= 4.0 m/s2. Determine the total velocity vector at any


9. A train at a constant 60.0 km/h moves east for 40.0 min, then in a direction 50.0° east of due
north for 20.0 min, and then west for 50.0 min. What are the (a) magnitude and (b) angle of its

average velocity during this trip?

10. At one instant a bicyclist is 40.0 m due east of a park’s flagpole, going due south with a speed
of 10.0 m/s. Then 30.0 s later, the cyclist is 40.0 m due north of the flagpole, going due east

with a speed of 10.0 m/s. For the cyclist in this 30.0 s interval, what are the (a) magnitude and

(b) direction of the displacement, the (c) magni- tude and (d) direction of the average velocity,

and the (e) magni- tude and (f) direction of the average acceleration?

11. Dados los vectores a (2, 4, 6) y b (1, -2, 3). Calcular:

a) El vector suma a + b, su módulo y ángulos.

b) El vector diferencia a – b y el vector unitario que define su dirección y sentido.

12. Dados los vectores a (1, -1, 2) y b (-1, 3, 4). Calcular:

a) El producto escalar de ambos vectores.
b) El ángulo que forman.

13. Dados los siguientes vectores:

1 1 1
𝑎= (2𝒊 + 3𝒋 + 6𝒌) 𝑏= (3𝒊 − 6𝒋 + 2𝒌) 𝑐= (6𝒊 + 2𝒋 − 3𝒌)
7 7 7


a) Que sus respectivos módulos valen la unidad.

b) Que son perpendiculares entre sí.

c) Que c es el producto vectorial de a por b.

14. Dados los vectores a (1,0,-1), b(1,3,0), c (2, -1, 1), d( 0, -2, -1). Calcular:
a) (a · b) (c · d)

b) (a x b) · (c x d)

c) (a · b) (c x d)

d) (a x b) x (c x d)

15. Dados los vectores: a(2t, sen t, 0), b ( 0, 2 cos t, t2). Calcular:
𝑑(𝑎 ∙ 𝑏)
𝑑(𝑎 𝑥 𝑏)
𝑑|𝑎 𝑥 𝑏|
𝑑 𝑑𝑎
e) ( ∙ 𝑏)
𝑑𝑡 𝑑𝑡
𝑑 𝑎𝑥𝑏
f) ( )
𝑑𝑡 𝑎 ∙𝑏