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DEPARTAMENTO DE IRRIGACIÓN

Física para ingeniería

Septiembre 2017

Noé Velázquez López

1. In an orienteering class, you have the goal of moving as far (straight-line distance) from base

camp as possible by making three straight-line moves. You may use the following

displacements in any order: (a) a, 2.0 km due east (directly toward the east); (b) b, 2.0 km 30°

north of east (at an angle of 30° toward the north from due east); (c) c, 1.0 km due west.

Alternatively, you may substitute either -b for b or -c for c. What is the greatest distance you

can be from base camp at the end of the third displacement? (We are not concerned about the

direction.)

2. A small airplane leaves an airport on an overcast day and is later sighted 215 km away, in a

direction making an angle of 22° east of due north. This means that the direction is not due

north (directly toward the north) but is rotated 22° toward the east from due north. How far east

3. A hedge maze is a maze formed by tall rows of hedge. After entering, you search for the center

point and then for the exit. Figure 1 shows the entrance to such a maze and the first two choices

we make at the junctions we encounter in moving from point i to point c. We undergo three

d1 = 6.00m θ1 = 40º

d2 = 6.00m θ2 = 30º

d3 = 6.00m θ3 = 0º

where the last segment is parallel to the superimposed x axis. When we reach point c, what are

the magnitude and angle of our net displacement dnet from point i?

Figura 1.

4. Figure 2 shows the following three vectors:

r

What is their vector sum r which is also shown?

Figura 2

r r

5. What is the angle between a 3.0iˆ 4.0 ˆj and b 3.0iˆ 4.0kˆ ?

r

6. In Fig.3.20 a vector lies in the xy plane, has a magnitude of 18 units, and points in a direction

r

250° from the positive direction of the x axis. Also, vector b has a magnitude of 12 units and

r r r

points in the positive direction of the z axis. What is the vector product c axb

r r r

7. For the following three vectors,what is 3C 2 A B?

8. A particle moves in the xy plane, starting from the origin at t = 0 with an initial velocity having

an x component of 20 m/s and a y component of 215 m/s. The particle experiences an

acceleration in the x direction, given by ax= 4.0 m/s2. Determine the total velocity vector at any

time.

9. A train at a constant 60.0 km/h moves east for 40.0 min, then in a direction 50.0° east of due

north for 20.0 min, and then west for 50.0 min. What are the (a) magnitude and (b) angle of its

10. At one instant a bicyclist is 40.0 m due east of a park’s flagpole, going due south with a speed

of 10.0 m/s. Then 30.0 s later, the cyclist is 40.0 m due north of the flagpole, going due east

with a speed of 10.0 m/s. For the cyclist in this 30.0 s interval, what are the (a) magnitude and

(b) direction of the displacement, the (c) magni- tude and (d) direction of the average velocity,

and the (e) magni- tude and (f) direction of the average acceleration?

a) El producto escalar de ambos vectores.

b) El ángulo que forman.

1 1 1

𝑎= (2𝒊 + 3𝒋 + 6𝒌) 𝑏= (3𝒊 − 6𝒋 + 2𝒌) 𝑐= (6𝒊 + 2𝒋 − 3𝒌)

7 7 7

Demuestre:

14. Dados los vectores a (1,0,-1), b(1,3,0), c (2, -1, 1), d( 0, -2, -1). Calcular:

a) (a · b) (c · d)

b) (a x b) · (c x d)

c) (a · b) (c x d)

d) (a x b) x (c x d)

15. Dados los vectores: a(2t, sen t, 0), b ( 0, 2 cos t, t2). Calcular:

𝑑(𝑎+𝑏)

a)

𝑑𝑡

𝑑(𝑎 ∙ 𝑏)

b)

𝑑𝑡

𝑑(𝑎 𝑥 𝑏)

c)

𝑑𝑡

𝑑|𝑎 𝑥 𝑏|

d)

𝑑𝑡

𝑑 𝑑𝑎

e) ( ∙ 𝑏)

𝑑𝑡 𝑑𝑡

𝑑 𝑎𝑥𝑏

f) ( )

𝑑𝑡 𝑎 ∙𝑏

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