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g Proj: Admin
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Tel:d Date: 28/08/17
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Joist section design

Calculations for timber joists are in accordance with BS EN 1995-1-1:2004+A1:2008

Timber size - 47 mm wide x


250 mm deep
Span of joist SPAN = 2m
Spacing of beams Sp = 450 mm
End bearing - left hand end Y,l = 50 mm
- Right hand end Y,r = 50 mm
Strength class from Table 1 - C16
Service class - 2 (Covered and heated or unheated)
Variable load duration - Long term
Load sharing - Yes

Notches details
End notches - left hand end - none specified

- right hand end - none specified

Design effects per metre width


Moment due to permanent load MEdGd = 16.875 kNm/m
Moment due to variable load MEdQd = 18.75 kNm/m
Shear due to permanent load at left support VEdGd,L = 23.625 kN/m
Shear due to variable load load at left support VEdQd,L = 26.25 kN/m
Shear due to permanent load at right support VEdGd,R = 30.375 kN/m
Shear due to variable load load at right support VEdQd,R = 33.75 kN/m

Design effects per joist


Maximum moment
due to permanent load MEdGd_j = MEdGd*Sp/1000
= 16.875*450/1000
= 7.594 kNm
due to variable load MEdQd_j = MEdQd*Sp/1000
= 18.75*450/1000
= 8.438 kNm
Maximum shear
due to permanent load at left support VEdGd,L = VEdGd_l*Sp/1000
= 23.625*450/1000
= 10.631 kN
due to variable load at left support VEdQd,L = VEdQd_l*Sp/1000
= 26.25*450/1000
= 11.813 kN
due to permanent load at right support VEdGd,R = VEdGd_r*Sp/1000
= 30.375*450/1000
= 13.669 kN
due to variable load at right support VEdQd,R = VEdQd_r*Sp/1000
= 33.75*450/1000
= 15.188 kN
Deflection
due to permanent load U,Gk = U,Gk
= 5.631 mm
due to variable load U,Qk = U,Qk
= 5.631 mm

Load Description Type A B C Gk Qk


2 Poin 1.0 0.5 10.0 10.0
UDL 0 2.0 10.0 10.0

Section properties
Area A = 11750 mm2
Section modulus Wy = 489583.3 mm3
Second moment of area Iy = 61197920 mm4

Grade stresses - from Table 1 of EN 338:2009


Bending stress fm,k = 16 N/mm2
Tension stress parallel to grain ft,0,k = 10 N/mm2
Tension stress perpendicular to grain ft,90,k = 0.4 N/mm2
Compression stress parallel to grain fc,0,k = 17 N/mm2
Compression stress perpendicular to grain fc,90,k = 2.2 N/mm2
Shear stress fv,k = 3.2 N/mm2
Mean modulus of elasticity parallel Eomean = 8 kN/mm2
5% modulus of elasticity parallel Eo05 = 5.4 kN/mm2
Mean shear modulus Gmean = 0.5 kN/mm2
Density k = 310 kg/m3

Modification factors
Depth factor kh =1
Load duration factor (Table 3.1) kmod = 0.7
Permanent load duration factor (Table 3.1) kmodp = 0.6
System length factor (cl 6.6 of EN 1995) ksys = 1.1
Reduced bending stress factor (cl 6.3.3) kcrit =1
Load configuration factor (cl 6.1.5) kc,90 = 1.5
Shear crack factor (cl 6.1.7) kcr = 0.67
Deformation factor (Table 3.2) kdef = 0.8

Partial safety factors


Material safety factor M = 1.3

Bending check

Bending Stresses

Bending stress due to permanent load


mydGd = MEdGd_j*106/Wy
= 7.594*106/489583.3
= 15.511 N/mm2

Bending stress due to variable load


mydQd = MEdQd_j*106/Wy
= 8.438*106/489583.3
= 17.234 N/mm2

Total bending stress


myd = mydGd+mydQd
= 15.511+17.234
= 32.745 N/mm2

Design bending strength


fmd = fmk*kh*kmod*ksys*kcrit/M
= 16*1*0.7*1.1*1/1.3
= 9.477 N/mm2

Bending stress utilisation


Ubm = myd/fmd
= 32.745/9.477
= 3.455

Bending status - FAIL.

Shear check

Left support

Shear stress due to total permanent load


dGdl = 1.5*(VEdGd,L*103)/(kcr*b*hef_L)
= 1.5*(10.631*103)/(0.67*47*250)
= 2.026 N/mm2

Shear stress due to total variable load


dQdl = 1.5*(VEdQd,L*103)/(kcr*b*hef_L)
= 1.5*(11.813*103)/(0.67*47*250)
= 2.251 N/mm2

Total shear stress


dl = dGdl+dQdl
= 2.026+2.251
= 4.276 N/mm2

Design shear strength


fvdl = fvk*kmod*ksys*KvL/M
= 3.2*0.7*1.1*1/1.3
= 1.895 N/mm2
Shear utilisation
Ushl = dl/fvdl
= 4.276/1.895
= 2.256

Shear status at left support - FAIL.

Right support

Shear stress due to total permanent load


dGdr = 1.5*(VEdGd,R*103)/(kcr*b*hef_R)
= 1.5*(13.669*103)/(0.67*47*250)
= 2.604 N/mm2

Shear stress due to total variable load


dQdr = 1.5*(VEdQd,R*103)/(kcr*b*hef_R)
= 1.5*(15.188*103)/(0.67*47*250)
= 2.894 N/mm2

Total shear stress


dr = dGdr+dQdr
= 2.604+2.894
= 5.498 N/mm2

Design shear strength


fvdr = fvk*kmod*ksys*KvR/M
= 3.2*0.7*1.1*1/1.3
= 1.895 N/mm2

Shear utilisation
Ushr = dr/fvdr
= 5.498/1.895
= 2.901

Shear status at right support - FAIL.

Bearing check

Left support bearing check

Bearing contact length


cl = Y,l+minbear
= 50+30
= 80 mm

Bearing stress due to permanent load


c90dGdl = VEdGd,L*103/(b*cl)
= 10.631*103/(47*80)
= 2.827 N/mm2

Bearing stress due to variable load


c90dQdl = VEdQd,L*103/(b*cl)
= 11.813*103/(47*80)
= 3.142 N/mm2

Total bearing stress


c90dl = c90dGdl+c90dQdl
= 2.827+3.142
= 5.969 N/mm2

Design bearing strength


fc90dl = fc90k*kmod*ksys*kc,90/M
= 2.2*0.7*1.1*1.5/1.3
= 1.955 N/mm2

Bearing stress utilisation


Ubl = c90dl/fc90dl
= 5.969/1.955
= 3.054

Bearing status at left support - FAIL.

Right support bearing check

Bearing contact length


cl = Y,r+minbear
= 50+30
= 80 mm

Bearing stress due to permanent load


c90dGdr = VEdGd,R*103/(b*cl)
= 13.669*103/(47*80)
= 3.635 N/mm2

Bearing stress due to variable load


c90dQdr = VEdQd,R*103/(b*cl)
= 15.188*103/(47*80)
= 4.039 N/mm2

Total bearing stress


c90dr = c90dGdr+c90dQdr
= 3.635+4.039
= 7.675 N/mm2

Design bearing strength


fc90dr = fc90k*kmod*ksys*kc,90/M
= 2.2*0.7*1.1*1.5/1.3
= 1.955 N/mm2

Bearing stress utilisation


Ubr = c90dr/fc90dr
= 7.675/1.955
= 3.926

Bearing status at right support - FAIL.

Deflection check

Section properties used to calculate bending and shear deflection

Second moment of area


I = 13600 cm4

Modulus of elasticity
Eomean = 8000 N/mm2

Area
A = 262.222 cm2

Shear modulus
Gmean = 500 N/mm2

Section factor
F = 1.2 (For rectangular section)
Final deflection due to permanent load
UfnG = U,Gk*(1+kdef)
= 5.631*(1+0.8)
= 10.135 mm

Final deflection due to variable load


UfnQ = U,Qk*(1+(kdef*21))
= 5.631*(1+(0.8*0.3))
= 6.982 mm

Total deflection,
Ufin = UfnG+UfnQ
= 10.135+6.982
= 17.117 mm
Allowable deflection
Uallow = SPAN*1000/250
= 2*1000/250
= 8 mm

Deflection utilisation
Udef = Ufin/Uallow
= 17.117/8
= 2.14

Deflection status - FAIL.

Vibration Check

Equivalent plate bending stiffness of the floor about an axis perpendicular to the beam direction
EI1 = Eomean*Iy/Sp
= 8*(6.12*107)/450
= 1087963.022 Nm2/m

Unfactored permanent area load with self-weight


mass = Weight*103/9.81
= 1*103/9.81
= 101.937 kg/m2
Fundamental frequency, f1 -
EI1fac = sqr(EI1/mass)
= sqr(1087963/101.937)
= 103.31
f1 = (PI/(2*(SPAN2)))*EI1fac
= (3.142/(2*((2)2)))*103.31
= 40.57 Hz

Since f1 is greater than 8 Hertz, Fundamental frequency - Verification to EN 1995 is possible.

Check the static floor deflection based on the requirements of the national annex to EN 1995-1-1

Second moment of area of the floor per m width


Iyb = (1000*thkflb3)/12
= (1000*(10)3)/12
= 83333.333 mm4/m

Floor deflection,  -
eomeanf = 14*Eomeanbd*Iyb*103/Sp4
= 14*12*83333.34*103/(450)4
= 0.341

kdist1 = kstrut*(0.38-(0.08*LOGE(eomeanf)))
= 1*(0.38-(0.08*LOGE(0.341)))
= 0.466
Since max(kdist1,0.3) = kdist1
kdist = kdist1
= 0.466
 = (1000*kdist*SPAN3*kamp*109)/(48*Eomean*103*Iy)
= (1000*0.466*(2)3*1.05*109)/(48*8*103*(6.12*107))
= 0.167 mm

Deflection limit for the floor unit under a 1kN point load -

Since the effective length is less than or equal to 4m


a = 1.8 mm
Floor deflection  ( 0.167 mm) is less than limit "a" ( 1.8 mm)

Since a is less than 1


b1 = 180-(60*+a)
= 180-(60*+0.167)
= 170.006

Unit impulse velocity response is not required as f1 is greater than 40 Hertz.

The section 47 x 250 mm FAILS the following check(s)


- bending
- shear at left end
- shear at right end
- bearing at left end
- bearing at right end
- deflection