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The Gantt chart is designed to empower production planners to control and optimize the
production plan. The Gantt chart makes the flow of operations transparent and makes it easy to
adjust the production schedule while taking into account material or resource shortages. This
helps planners make the best use of available resources, minimize work in progress, and optimize
throughput times for production orders.

January 2018

operation Route and job Resources / resources Start End Week 1 Week2 Week3 Week4
type job type

Project Mechanical and Journal Applications January January

design embedded papers and Microsoft and 01 30
planning Management 2d design internet

Material Transportation Procure Mild steel,

procurement and material suitable and motor
handling material

Development Involves Overall Cutting,

assigning jobs Fabrication grinding,
to the welding
fabricators machines

Completion Test the Check for Simultaneous

of the overall model the working of
project working Mechanical
A Gantt chart is a visual representation of scheduled activities within a defined time interval. The
activities are scheduled on resources that have capacity defined by a capacity calendar. The
following types of activities can be shown in the Gantt chart.

 Jobs from production orders that are job scheduled.

 Jobs from planned production orders.
 Job scheduled project activities of type Hour forecasts.

The Gantt chart can be opened in two different views, Order view and Resource view. In Order
view, activities are grouped under production orders. This can be useful, for example, if you
want to maintain an overview of all the jobs belonging to the same orders. In Resource view all
jobs are grouped under individual resources. This view can be useful when optimizing the plan at
a resource level, for example, a machine or a group of machines. The Gantt charts shown in the
illustrations below show Order view and Resource view with these key elements:

1. Gantt chart activity

2. Material shortage icon
3. Material availability icon
4. Order delivery date icon
5. Capacity bar


The activities appear as bars and are organized in a time scale grid with a scheduled start and end
time, making the length of the bars proportional to the time that is necessary to complete the
activity. The activities are shown according to a time scale. You can adjust the time scale on the
menu where you select a start and end date and a time unit, for example, hours or days. By
adjusting the time scale you can set focus on a time interval in which you want to manage

To get a better overview, there are different options for controlling the color of the activities.
You can configure an individual color for activities, use the theme color that is the general color
theme used for the application, or set up the color to be controlled by the color code for
production orders.

The time interval for activities has a background shade. Periods with a white shade indicate a
time interval with defined capacity on the resource for the activity, whereas periods with a grey
shade indicate time intervals with no capacity defined.

On the left side of the chart there is additional information about the activity, for example, the
resource on which the activity is scheduled and production order number. The connection
between jobs belonging to the same order is shown with an arrow.

You can get more information about an activity in the activity dialog box. To open the dialog
box, double-click the activity or select the information menu. In the activity dialog you can see
the scheduled start and end date, and time information about which materials the activity is
planned to consume.

The activities can be grouped in Grouping levels. The Grouping levels are hierarchical and can
be used to make a logical grouping of activities. For example, if you have a layout where
manufacturing activities are grouped by Site, Production units, Resource groups, and Resources,
you can use the Grouping levels to group the activities according to that layout. The grouping
levels can be expanded and collapsed either on the individual grouping level or for all levels in
the chart by using the Expand all and Collapse all buttons on the menu. You can also configure
the grouping levels to be expanded or collapsed when the chart is opened.

Material availability

The Gantt chart can be set up to provide the planner with detailed information about material
status for the individual activities. For example, this can be helpful if material is delayed and is
affecting the production plan. In this case, the material issues will be highlighted in the Gantt
chart to help the planner to understand consequences and make necessary adjustments.

A job will appear with a material shortage icon if the schedule start date of the job is later than
the material availability date for materials consumed by the job. The material availability date is
calculated based on the pegging information in the dynamic master plan. The material shortage
icon will for example appear on a job that is consuming a material that is pegged against a
purchase order that has a receipt that is later than the planned start date of the job.

Indicator of material availability date

When you set up the chart to show jobs with material shortages an icon for showing the material
availability date for the job can also be shown. The icon will only be shown if the material
availability date is within the defined time interval of the chart. If the material availability date
lies outside the defined time interval, then more detailed material availability information can be
retrieved from the material list in the job dialog box. In the list there is also an icon showing late
materials for the job. You can reschedule a job using the material availability date as a start date.

Indicator of order delivery date

This icon indicates the delivery date for a production order. The icon is only visible in the Order

Capacity bar

You can configure the chart to show a resource capacity bar. This bar provides an overview of
the resource capacity for an activity in the defined time interval of the chart. The capacity bar is
not shown for periods of the time where the resource is not booked. In periods where the
resource is booked to capacity, the capacity bar is shown as a solid bar. In periods where the
resource is overbooked, the bar will appear thicker and in a red color. For example, if two jobs
overlap, the capacity bar will indicate an overbooking in the time interval where there is an
overlap. The capacity bar is updated dynamically when you schedule a job. You enable the
capacity bar on the Show capacity bar menu. It can only be shown in Resource view. If you
want to get a more detailed view of the capacity load on a resource, use the Capacity load chart,
which can be opened from the menu or the context menu for a selected activity.

Job scheduling in the Gantt chart

The Gantt chart offers different options for making adjustments to the production plan. In the
Gantt chart, you can re-schedule activities as a drag-and-drop interaction or from a schedule
menu. In the planning process, you can take resource capacity, resource capabilities, and material
constraints into account.

Schedule a job as a drag-and-drop interaction

You can re-schedule job within the defined time interval as a drag-and-drop interaction. You can
only re-schedule the job on the same resource, and you can only schedule one job at a time.

Schedule a job from the menu

On the Schedule jobs menu, you can schedule one or more selected job in the chart based on a
scheduling direction and a scheduling date time. There are three available schedule directions.

 Forward from scheduling date

 Backward from scheduling date
 Forward from material availability date

It is not possible to schedule a job outside the defined time interval of the Gantt chart. If you do
that, the job will be left unscheduled and you will receive the error message, "Could not schedule
the job within the loaded time period."

Schedule previous jobs

In a network of activities, such as jobs belonging to the same production order, you can use
the Schedule previous jobs function to schedule the previous jobs relative to a selected job in
the network. In the following example, the highlighted activity is the selected job. The diagram
shows before a previous job is scheduled and after the previous job is scheduled.

Schedule next jobs

You can use the Schedule next jobs function to schedule the next jobs relative to a selected job
in a network of activities. In the following example, the highlighted activity is the selected job.
The diagram shows before the next job is scheduled and after the next job is scheduled.

You can use the Schedule around job function to schedule the next job and the previous job
relative to a selected job in a network of activities. In the following example, the highlighted
activity is the selected job. The diagram shows before a job is scheduled and after the job is

Arrange jobs

You can use the Arrange function to arrange selected activities on the same resource. These
activities can be in the same network of activities, but can also belong to different networks.
When you use the arrange function the time gaps between the selected activities will be
eliminated. You can use this function to optimize the capacity utilization of the resources. The
diagram shows before a job is scheduled and after the job is scheduled.

Reassign activities from one resource to another

You can reassign a job from one resource to another. This can be useful in situations where a
machine is out of order or overbooked, and you need to find another available resource that can
do the job.
Reassigning an activity as a drag-and-drop interaction

In the Resource view, you can reassign an activity to a different resource in the Gantt chart as a
drag-and-drop interaction. You do that by selecting the row in which the activity is scheduled.
After the row is selected you can drag the row to the resource in the chart grouped under a
different resource grouping level.

Reassigning an activity from the Schedule jobs menu

You can reassign a job from the Schedule job dialog box opened from the Schedule job menu.
From this menu you can only reassign a job to a resource that is already loaded to the Gantt
chart. If you only select one job, then the drop down for the resource will be sorted by applicable
resources. If you select more jobs, then there will be no information about applicable resources
from the resource list.

Load additional resources to the Gantt chart

In the Resource view, you have an option to load additional resources to the Gantt chart. This
can be useful if you want to find an alternative resource for a job that is scheduled on a machine
that is overbooked or broken down. On the Load additional resources page, you will get a list
of resources that are date efficient as of the date the list is opened. Applicable resources, relative
to a selected job in the Gantt chart, will be listed first. If you have multiple jobs selected, prior to
opening the list, no indication of applicable resources will be shown. On the Load additional
resources page, you can select one or more resources, that will be loaded to the Gantt chart
when you confirm your selection. If there are no jobs scheduled on the selected resource in the
time interval of the Gantt chart, then the resource will be placed under a resource grouping level
in the bottom of the list of activities in the Gantt chart.