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SPM Questions

Chapter 5 : Indices and Logarithms

Prepared by YOGARAAJAA B.Sc.Physics ( Hons ), UTM.

1999,PI,No.6

 

Given that log 2 3 = 1.585 and log 2 5 = 2.322. Find the value of

2003,PI,No.5

 

a) log 2 45

 

( 3m )

Given log 2 T - log 4 V = 3, express T in terms of V.

b) log 4 (9/5)

 

( 3m )

 

(

4m )

1999,PII,No.12

 

2003,PI,No.6

a) Given that x = log 2 3, determine the value of 4 x . Hence,

Solve the equation 4 2x - 1 = 7 x .

 

( 4m )

find the value of 4 y if y = 1 + x.

 

( 5m )

2004,PI,No.7

b) Given that log a 3 = 0.7924. Without using a table or a

Solve the equation 32 4x = 4 8x + 6 .

 

( 3m )

calculator, i) prove that log a 27a = 3.3772,

 

2004,PI,No.8

Given that log 5 2 = m and log 5 7 = p. Express log 5 4.9

ii) solve the equation √3 x a n-1 = 3

 

( 5m )

in terms of m and p.

( 4m )

 

2005,PI,No.7

2000,PI,No.6

 

Solve the equation 2 x + 4 - 2 x + 3 = 1.

 

( 3m )

a) Solve 3 log 2 x = 81

 

( 3m )

2005,PI,No.8

b) If 3 2x = 8(2 3x ), show that x log a (9/8) = log a 8.

( 3m )

Solve log 3 4x - log 3 (2x -1) = 1.

 

( 3m )

2000,PII,No.12

 

2005,PI,No.9

a) Simplify

log 49 log 12 12 64

log 49 log 12

12

64

 

Given that log m 2 = p and log m 3 = r. Express

 
 

log 7

16

(

3m )

log m ( 27m/4) in terms of p and r.

 

( 4m )

b) Given that 3 log xy 2 = 4 + 2 log y - log x, where x and y

 

are positive integers. Show that xy = 10.

( 4m )

2006,PI,No.6

c) The total money saved in a bank after n years is

Solve the equation

2 x

1

2000(1 + 0.07) n . Determine the minimum years taken

so that the savings exceed RM 4000.

( 3m )

 

8

3
3
4 x 2
4
x 2
 

2006,PI,No.7

( 3m )

2001,PI,No.5

 

Given log 2 xy = 2 + 3 log 2 x - log 2 y. Express y in

 

a)

Given that log 2 k = p and log 3 k = r . Express log k 18 in

 

terms of x.

( 3m )

terms of p and r .

 

( 4m )

2006,PI,No.8

 

Solve

2 + log 3 (x - 1) = log 3 x.

 

( 3m )

2001,PII,No.12

 

2007,PI,No.7

a) Given that log 10 x = 2 and log 10 y = -1, show that

 

Given log 2 b = x and log 2 c = y. Express log 4 (8b/c)

xy - 100y 2 = 9.

 

( 3m )

in terms of x and y.

( 4m )

b) Solve the following equations.

 

2007,PI,No.8

i) 3 x + 2 = 24 + 3 x , ii) log 3 x = log 9 (5x + 6).

Given 9(3 n-1 ) = 27 n . Find the value of n.

 

( 3m )

 

( 7m )

2008,PI,No.7

 

Solve the equation 16 2x - 3 = 8 4x

 

( 3m )

2002,PI,No.6

   

a) Given that log 5 3 = k . If 5 2λ-1 = 15, state λ in terms of k .

2008,PI,No.8

 

(

3m )

Given that log 4 x = log 2 3, find the value of x.

 

( 3m)

b) Solve log 2 (7t - 2) - log 2 2t = -1.

 

( 3m )

 
 

2009,PI,No.7

2002,PII,No.12

 

Given 3 n - 3 x 27 n = 243, find the value of n.

( 3m )

a) Given 2 log 4 x - 4 log 16 y = 3. State x in terms of y.

( 5m )

 

b) Solve the following simultaneous equations. 2 m-1 x 32 k + 2 = 16, and

 

2009,PI,No.8

Given tha log 8 p - log 2 q = 0, express p in terms of q .

 

5 -3m x 125 3 - k = 1

 

( 5m )

 

(

3m )

Additional Questions

   

1993,Pl,No.6

 

b)

Given that log 5 3 = 0.683 and log 5 7 = 1.209.

 

If 3 - log 10 x = 2 log 10 y, state x in terms of y.

 

( 4m )

Without using a calculator, find the value of i) log 5 1.4,

1993,Pl,No.13

 

ii) log 7 75.

( 5m )

a)

Given that h = log m 2, and k = log m 3.

   

Express in terms of h and / or k

1997,Pl,No.6

 

i)

log m 9

Prove that log 3 xy = 2 log 9 x + 2 log 9 y. Hence, or

ii) log 6 24

 

( 5m )

otherwise, find the value of x and of y that satisfy the following equations. log 3 xy = 10, and

b)

Solve the following equations :

 

i)

4 2x = 1 / 32

 

ii) log x 16 - log x 2 = 3

 

( 5m )

 

log 9 x

3

 

=

log 9 y

2

( 6m )

1994,Pl,No.5

   

Solve the following equations :

 

1997,Pl,No.14

 
 

a)

log 3 x + log 9 3x = -1

1 8 x 4 4 2 x x 3
1
8
x
4
4 2
x
x 3
 

( 3m ) ( 3m )

a) Find the value of 3 log3 7 without using a calculator.

b)

 

(

2m )

   

b) Solve 5 log x 3 + 2 log x 2 - log x 324 = 4, stating your

1994,Pll,No.11

   

answer correct to 4 significant figures.

 

a) Given log 8 n

= . Find the value of n .

 

( 1m )

 

(

4m )

b) Given 2 r = 3 s = 6 t , express t in terms of r

and s .

( 4m )

1997,Pll,No.12

 

c) Given y = k x m , where k and m are constants.

a) Given that 2 log 3 (x + y) = 2 + log 3 x + log 3 y, show

 

y = 4 when x = 2, and y = 8 when x = 5. Find the value

 

that x 2 + y 2 = 7xy.

( 3m )

of k

and of m .

 

( 5m )

b) Without using a table, solve the equation log 9 [ log 3 (4x - 5) ] = log 4 2.

( 3m )

1995,Pl,No.6

 

c) After n years, price of a car is RM60 000(7/8) n . After how many years does the price of the car

Solve the following equations :

 
 

a) 81(27 2x ) = 1

 

( 2m )

 

is below RM20 000 for the first time ?

( 4m )

b) 5 t = 26.3

 

( 3m )

 

1995,Pll,No.12

 

1998,Pl,No.5

 

a) Given m = 2 r and n = 2 t , express in terms of r and/ or t ,

Given that log x 4 = u , and log y 2 = w .Express log 4 x 3 y

 

3

 
 

i)

log

log 2 mn

2 mn

ii) log 8 m

- log 4 n

( 5m )

in terms of u and/ or w .

 

( 4m )

32

b) Temperature of a metal indreases from 30 o C to T o C follows the equation T = 30( 1.2 ) x when the metal is

1998,Pll,No.12

 

a) Given that log a 3 = x and log a 5 = y. Express

 
 

heated for x seconds. Calculate

   

log a ( 45/a 3 ) in terms of x and y.

( 2m )

i) the temperature of the metal when it is heated for 10.4 seconds,

b) Find the value of log 4 8 + log r √r.

c) Two experiments were carried out to find the relationship between variables x and y. Equations 3(9 x ) = 27 y and log 2 y = 2 + log 2 ( x -2 ) were

( 3m )

ii)

the time, in seconds, to increase the temperature

 
 

of the metal from 30 o C to 1500 o C.

 

( 5m )

1996,Pl,No.6

   

obtained from the first and the second experiment

a) Simplify 2 n+2 - 2 n + 10(2 n - 1 ).

 

( 2m )

respectively. Find the value of x and of y that

b) Solve 3 x + 2 - 5 = 0.

 

( 3m )

satisfies both the experiments.

( 5m )

1996,Pll,No.12

   

a)

Solve the following equations :

 
 

i)

4 log 2 x = 5

ii)

2 x .3 x = 5 x + 1

 

( 5m )

Answers ( SPM 1999 - 2009 )

( SPM 1993 - 1998 )

 

1999,PI,No.6

2005,PI,No.9

1993,PI,No.6

 

a) 5.492

 

3r - 2p + 1

x = 1000/y 2

b) 0.424

   
 

2006,PI,No.6

1993,PI,No.13

 

1999,PII,No.6

x = 1

 

a)

i)

2k

a)

9, 36

ii)

k
k

3h k

h

 

b)

ii) n = 1.3962

2006,PI,No.7

 

y

= 2x

 

2000,PI,No.6

 

b)

i) x = -5/4

a)

x = 16

2006,PI,No.8

ii) x = 4

 

x

= 9/8

 

2000,PII,No.12

 

1994,PI,No.5

 

a)

4/3

2007,PI,No.7

a)

x = 1/3

c)

11 years

3

x
x
y
y

b)

x = -2

 

2

 

2001,PI,No.5

 

1994,PII,No.11

 

a)

2 p r

2 p r

2007,PI,No.8

a)

n = 2

pr

n = 1/2

 

b)

t

rs r s
rs
r
s

2001,PII,No.12

2008,PI,No.7

c)

k = 2.368, m = 0.7565

 

b)

i) x = 1

x = -3

   

ii) x = 6

1995,PI,No.6

 
 

2008,PI,No.8

a)

x = -2/3

2002,PI,No.6

x = 9

 

b)

t = 2.031

a)

k 2
k
2

2

2009,PI,No.7

1995,PII,No.12

 

b)

t = 1/3

n = 2

 

a)

i)

r + 3t - 5

 

ii)

ii) 2 r 3 t

2 r 3t

2002,PII,No.12

2009,PI,No.8

6

a)

x = 8y

p = q 3

 

b)

i)

199.8 o C

b)

k = -2, m = 5

 

ii)

21.46 s

2003,PI,No.5

1996,PI,No.6

 
 

T

T 8 V
T 8 V

8 V

a)

8(2 n )

 

b)

x = -0.535

2003,PI,No.6

   

x = 1.677

 

1996,PII,No.12

1997,PI,No.6

 

a)

i)

x

i) x 5
5
5

x= 729, y = 81

2004,PI,No.7

 

ii) x = 8.827

x

= 3

b)

i) 0.209

 

ii) 2.219

1997,PII,No.12

2004,PI,No.8

   

b)

x

= 8

2p - m - 1

 

1997,PI,No.14

c) After 9 yrs

 

a) 7

2005,PI,No.7

 

b) x = 1.316

 

x

= -3

 
 

1998,PI,No.5

1998,PII,No.12

2005,PI,No.8

 

6

1 u 2 w

1

u 2 w

a) 2x + y - 3

x

= 3/2

b) 2

 
   

c) = 5/2

x

 

y

= 2