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 SPM Questions Chapter 5 : Indices and Logarithms Prepared by YOGARAAJAA B.Sc.Physics ( Hons ), UTM. 1999,PI,No.6 Given that log 2 3 = 1.585 and log 2 5 = 2.322. Find the value of 2003,PI,No.5 a) log 2 45 ( 3m ) Given log 2 T - log 4 V = 3, express T in terms of V. b) log 4 (9/5) ( 3m ) ( 4m ) 1999,PII,No.12 2003,PI,No.6 a) Given that x = log 2 3, determine the value of 4 x . Hence, Solve the equation 4 2x - 1 = 7 x . ( 4m ) find the value of 4 y if y = 1 + x. ( 5m ) 2004,PI,No.7 b) Given that log a 3 = 0.7924. Without using a table or a Solve the equation 32 4x = 4 8x + 6 . ( 3m ) calculator, i) prove that log a 27a = 3.3772, 2004,PI,No.8 Given that log 5 2 = m and log 5 7 = p. Express log 5 4.9 ii) solve the equation √3 x a n-1 = 3 ( 5m ) in terms of m and p. ( 4m ) 2005,PI,No.7 2000,PI,No.6 Solve the equation 2 x + 4 - 2 x + 3 = 1. ( 3m ) a) Solve 3 log 2 x = 81 ( 3m ) 2005,PI,No.8 b) If 3 2x = 8(2 3x ), show that x log a (9/8) = log a 8. ( 3m ) Solve log 3 4x - log 3 (2x -1) = 1. ( 3m ) 2000,PII,No.12 2005,PI,No.9 a) Simplify log 49 log 12 12 64 Given that log m 2 = p and log m 3 = r. Express log 7 16 ( 3m ) log m ( 27m/4) in terms of p and r. ( 4m ) b) Given that 3 log xy 2 = 4 + 2 log y - log x, where x and y are positive integers. Show that xy = 10. ( 4m ) 2006,PI,No.6 c) The total money saved in a bank after n years is Solve the equation 2 x 1 2000(1 + 0.07) n . Determine the minimum years taken so that the savings exceed RM 4000. ( 3m ) 8 3 4 x 2 2006,PI,No.7 ( 3m ) 2001,PI,No.5 Given log 2 xy = 2 + 3 log 2 x - log 2 y. Express y in a) Given that log 2 k = p and log 3 k = r . Express log k 18 in terms of x. ( 3m ) terms of p and r . ( 4m ) 2006,PI,No.8 Solve 2 + log 3 (x - 1) = log 3 x. ( 3m ) 2001,PII,No.12 2007,PI,No.7 a) Given that log 10 x = 2 and log 10 y = -1, show that Given log 2 b = x and log 2 c = y. Express log 4 (8b/c) xy - 100y 2 = 9. ( 3m ) in terms of x and y. ( 4m ) b) Solve the following equations. 2007,PI,No.8 i) 3 x + 2 = 24 + 3 x , ii) log 3 x = log 9 (5x + 6). Given 9(3 n-1 ) = 27 n . Find the value of n. ( 3m ) ( 7m ) 2008,PI,No.7 Solve the equation 16 2x - 3 = 8 4x ( 3m ) 2002,PI,No.6 a) Given that log 5 3 = k . If 5 2λ-1 = 15, state λ in terms of k . 2008,PI,No.8 ( 3m ) Given that log 4 x = log 2 3, find the value of x. ( 3m) b) Solve log 2 (7t - 2) - log 2 2t = -1. ( 3m ) 2009,PI,No.7 2002,PII,No.12 Given 3 n - 3 x 27 n = 243, find the value of n. ( 3m ) a) Given 2 log 4 x - 4 log 16 y = 3. State x in terms of y. ( 5m ) b) Solve the following simultaneous equations. 2 m-1 x 32 k + 2 = 16, and 2009,PI,No.8 Given tha log 8 p - log 2 q = 0, express p in terms of q . 5 -3m x 125 3 - k = 1 ( 5m ) ( 3m )
 Additional Questions 1993,Pl,No.6 b) Given that log 5 3 = 0.683 and log 5 7 = 1.209. If 3 - log 10 x = 2 log 10 y, state x in terms of y. ( 4m ) Without using a calculator, find the value of i) log 5 1.4, 1993,Pl,No.13 ii) log 7 75. ( 5m ) a) Given that h = log m 2, and k = log m 3. Express in terms of h and / or k 1997,Pl,No.6 i) log m 9 Prove that log 3 xy = 2 log 9 x + 2 log 9 y. Hence, or ii) log 6 24 ( 5m ) otherwise, find the value of x and of y that satisfy the following equations. log 3 xy = 10, and b) Solve the following equations : i) 4 2x = 1 / 32 ii) log √x 16 - log √x 2 = 3 ( 5m ) log 9 x 3 = log 9 y 2 ( 6m ) 1994,Pl,No.5 Solve the following equations : 1997,Pl,No.14 a) log 3 x + log 9 3x = -1 1 8 x 4 4 2 x x 3 ( 3m ) ( 3m ) a) Find the value of 3 log3 7 without using a calculator. b) ( 2m ) b) Solve 5 log x 3 + 2 log x 2 - log x 324 = 4, stating your 1994,Pll,No.11 answer correct to 4 significant figures. a) Given log 8 n = ⅓. Find the value of n . ( 1m ) ( 4m ) b) Given 2 r = 3 s = 6 t , express t in terms of r and s . ( 4m ) 1997,Pll,No.12 c) Given y = k x m , where k and m are constants. a) Given that 2 log 3 (x + y) = 2 + log 3 x + log 3 y, show y = 4 when x = 2, and y = 8 when x = 5. Find the value that x 2 + y 2 = 7xy. ( 3m ) of k and of m . ( 5m ) b) Without using a table, solve the equation log 9 [ log 3 (4x - 5) ] = log 4 2. ( 3m ) 1995,Pl,No.6 c) After n years, price of a car is RM60 000(7/8) n . After how many years does the price of the car Solve the following equations : a) 81(27 2x ) = 1 ( 2m ) is below RM20 000 for the first time ? ( 4m ) b) 5 t = 26.3 ( 3m ) 1995,Pll,No.12 1998,Pl,No.5 a) Given m = 2 r and n = 2 t , express in terms of r and/ or t , Given that log √x 4 = u , and log y 2 = w .Express log 4 x 3 y 3 i) log 2 mn ii) log 8 m - log 4 n ( 5m ) in terms of u and/ or w . ( 4m ) 32 b) Temperature of a metal indreases from 30 o C to T o C follows the equation T = 30( 1.2 ) x when the metal is 1998,Pll,No.12 a) Given that log a 3 = x and log a 5 = y. Express heated for x seconds. Calculate log a ( 45/a 3 ) in terms of x and y. ( 2m ) i) the temperature of the metal when it is heated for 10.4 seconds, b) Find the value of log 4 8 + log r √r. c) Two experiments were carried out to find the relationship between variables x and y. Equations 3(9 x ) = 27 y and log 2 y = 2 + log 2 ( x -2 ) were ( 3m ) ii) the time, in seconds, to increase the temperature of the metal from 30 o C to 1500 o C. ( 5m ) 1996,Pl,No.6 obtained from the first and the second experiment a) Simplify 2 n+2 - 2 n + 10(2 n - 1 ). ( 2m ) respectively. Find the value of x and of y that b) Solve 3 x + 2 - 5 = 0. ( 3m ) satisfies both the experiments. ( 5m ) 1996,Pll,No.12 a) Solve the following equations : i) 4 log 2 x = 5 ii) 2 x .3 x = 5 x + 1 ( 5m )
 Answers ( SPM 1999 - 2009 ) ( SPM 1993 - 1998 ) 1999,PI,No.6 2005,PI,No.9 1993,PI,No.6 a) 5.492 3r - 2p + 1 x = 1000/y 2 b) 0.424 2006,PI,No.6 1993,PI,No.13 1999,PII,No.6 x = 1 a) i) 2k a) 9, 36 ii) k 3h k h b) ii) n = 1.3962 2006,PI,No.7 y = 2x 2000,PI,No.6 b) i) x = -5/4 a) x = 16 2006,PI,No.8 ii) x = 4 x = 9/8 2000,PII,No.12 1994,PI,No.5 a) 4/3 2007,PI,No.7 a) x = 1/3 c) 11 years 3 x y b) x = -2 2 2001,PI,No.5 1994,PII,No.11 a) 2 p r 2007,PI,No.8 a) n = 2 pr n = 1/2 b) t rs r s 2001,PII,No.12 2008,PI,No.7 c) k = 2.368, m = 0.7565 b) i) x = 1 x = -3 ii) x = 6 1995,PI,No.6 2008,PI,No.8 a) x = -2/3 2002,PI,No.6 x = 9 b) t = 2.031 a) k 2 2 2009,PI,No.7 1995,PII,No.12 b) t = 1/3 n = 2 a) i) r + 3t - 5 ii) 2 r 3t 2002,PII,No.12 2009,PI,No.8 6 a) x = 8y p = q 3 b) i) 199.8 o C b) k = -2, m = 5 ii) 21.46 s 2003,PI,No.5 1996,PI,No.6 T  8 V a) 8(2 n ) b) x = -0.535 2003,PI,No.6 x = 1.677 1996,PII,No.12 1997,PI,No.6 a) i) x  5 x= 729, y = 81 2004,PI,No.7 ii) x = 8.827 x = 3 b) i) 0.209 ii) 2.219 1997,PII,No.12 2004,PI,No.8 b) x = 8 2p - m - 1 1997,PI,No.14 c) After 9 yrs a) 7 2005,PI,No.7 b) x = 1.316 x = -3 1998,PI,No.5 1998,PII,No.12 2005,PI,No.8 6 1 u 2 w a) 2x + y - 3 x = 3/2 b) 2 c) = 5/2 x y = 2