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Title: Estrada vs. Desierto Puno, J: Facts: On October 4 2000, Singson went on air and accused Estrada of receiving millions of pesos from jueteng lords. the next day, Guingona delivered a privileged speech accusing Estrada of the same. The speech was referred to the Blue Ribbon Committee and the Committee on Justice for a joint investigation. The House Committee on Public Order and Security also decided to investigate. Some Representatives moved to impeach Estrada. Calls for resignation came from various individuals and organizations, including the Catholic Church, Pres. Aquino and Pres. Ramos. Arroyo resigned as Secretary of DSWD and asked for Estrada’s resignation. Several heads and members of the Executive Department resigned from their positions as well. House Speaker Villar transmitted the Articles of Impeachment (signed by 115 Reps) to the Senate. The latter formally opened the impeachment trial. It was covered by live TV. Equitable PCIBank Senior VP Ocampo, as witness, testified that she was one foot away from Estrada when he affixed his signature as “Jose Velarde” on documents involving P500M investment agreement. A second envelope was supposed to be opened showing that Estrada held a P3.3M bank account under the name of Jose Velarde. But the senator-judges (11 no; 10 yes) ruled otherwise. As a result, the public prosecutors resigned and thousands assembled in EDSA and rallied against Estrada and the 11 Senators who voted against the opening of the 2nd envelope. Reyes, the Chief of Staff of the Armed Forces had defected. He, together with the chiefs of all the armed services went to EDSA. Reyes declared that on behalf of the Armed Forces, they are withdrawing their support from Estrada’s administration. On January 20, 2001, first round of negotiations for the peaceful and orderly transfer of power started. while still negotiating, news broke out that Davide would administer oath to Arroyo
at noon. Estrada and his family left Malacanang. He issued the following statement:
"20 January 2001 STATEMENT FROM PRESIDENT JOSEPH EJERCITO ESTRADA At twelve o'clock noon today, Vice President Gloria MacapagalArroyo took her oath as President of the Republic of the Philippines. While along with many other legal minds of our country, I have strong and serious doubts about the legality and constitutionality of her proclamation as President, I do not wish to be a factor that will prevent the restoration of unity and order in our civil society. It is for this reason that I now leave Malacañang Palace, the seat of the presidency of this country, for the sake of peace and in order to begin the healing process of our nation. I leave the Palace of our people with gratitude for the opportunities given to me for service to our people. I will not shirk from any future challenges that may come ahead in the same service of our country. I call on all my supporters and followers to join me in to promotion of a constructive national spirit of reconciliation and solidarity. May the Almighty bless our country and beloved people. MABUHAY! (Sgd.) JOSEPH EJERCITO ESTRADA"
A copy of the letter was sent to Congress. After taking oath, Arroyo immediately discharged the duties of the Presidency. Her presidency was recognized by foreign governments, by the Congress and by the people. The Senate passed a resolution declaring the impeachment court as functus officio. Several cases (plunder, graft and corruption, briber, perjury, serious misconduct, among others) filed by various parties in the Office of the Ombusman were set in motion. Estrada filed a petition for prohibition with a prayer for a writ of preliminary injunction to enjoin the Ombudsman from conducting further proceedings until after his term. He also filed for Quo Warranto and prayed that he be declared the lawful and incumbent President and that Arroyo took her oath only in an acting capacity. Issues:
AQUINO.BANGI.BAYOT.CAEG.DE GUZMAN.EBORA.GAVINO.GOZOS.HERNANDEZ.HERRERA.HIZON.ISIDRO.LAGRAMADA.LASALA.MAGRATA. MAGPANTAY.MALAMUG.MIOLE.PABLO.PACETE.POSTRADO.RAMOS.TOLENTINO.VILLANO.YAP.YU 2010-2011
MAGRATA. The proposal for a snap election for president in May where he would not be a candidate is an indicium that petitioner had intended to give up the presidency even at that time.PABLO. The President says. "Pagod na pagod na ako. c. R. He did not say he was leaving the Palace due to any kind inability and that he was going to reassume the presidency as soon as the disability disappears: (3) he expressed his gratitude to the people for the opportunity to serve them. contemporaneous and posterior facts and circumstantial evidence bearing a material relevance on the issue. Without doubt.VILLANO.POSTRADO. criminals or administrative. b. Pagod na ako sa red tape. during and after January 20. A diary of Exec. Sec. The problem was already about a peaceful and orderly transfer of power.ISIDRO. I just want to clear my name.YAP. the seat of the presidency. Petitioner's reference is to a future challenge after occupying the office of the president which he has given up. e.MALAMUG. as well as to open the second envelope to clear his name. he will leave by Monday. we hold that the resignation of the petitioner cannot be doubted. In the press release containing his final statement. whether or not petitioner resigned has to be determined from his act and omissions before.YU 2010-2011 .PACETE.A. Certainly. The press release was petitioner's valedictory. He did not express any objection. intriga. It can be express.GOZOS. on Monday. The resignation of the petitioner was implied.BANGI. It is to prevent the act of resignation or retirement from being used by a public official as a protective shield to stop the investigation of a pending criminal or administrative AQUINO. (1) he acknowledged the oath-taking of the respondent as President of the Republic albeit with reservation about its legality. His presidency is now in the part tense. Held: there must be an intent to resign and the intent must be coupled by acts of relinquishment. It can be implied. When Reyes defected: Estrada decided to call for a snap presidential election and stressed he would not be a candidate. bureaucracy.HERNANDEZ. No public officer shall be allowed to resign or retire pending an investigation.CAEG.78 The validity of a resignation is not government by any formal requirement as to form. it must be given legal effect.MIOLE. 2001 or by the totality of prior. and (5) he called on his supporters to join him in the promotion of a constructive national spirit of reconciliation and solidarity.LAGRAMADA. then I will go. Angara asked Pimentel to advise petitioner to consider the option of "dignified exit or resignation.HIZON.RAMOS. he was referring to the past opportunity given him to serve the people as President (4) he assured that he will not shirk from any future challenge that may come ahead in the same service of our country. It was confirmed by his leaving Malacañang. 12. he says. (2) he emphasized he was leaving the Palace.LASALA. a. Petitioner contended that he could not have resigned as a matter of law. As long as the resignation is clear.GAVINO. MAGPANTAY. No. Ayoko na masyado nang masakit. or pending a prosecution against him. the national spirit of reconciliation and solidarity could not be attained if he did not give up the presidency.EBORA. we hold that petitioner resigned as President. It can be oral.HERRERA. Angara was published in the Philippine Daily Inquirer revealing Estrada’s staments and state of mind.BAYOT. d.TOLENTINO. for the sake of peace and in order to begin the healing process of our nation. Using this totality test. he just wants the five-day period promised by Reyes. 3019 provides in its Sec. If the envelope is opened. In sum. It can be written.DE GUZMAN."81 Petitioner did not disagree but listened intently. for any offense under this Act or under the provisions of the Revised Penal Code on bribery. his final act of farewell.POLITICAL LAW REVIEW (1)Whether Estrada is only on leave and Arroyo is only an Acting Pres. f.
HERNANDEZ.POSTRADO. the respondent Ombudsman refrained from conducting the preliminary investigation of the petitioner for the reason that as the sitting President then. MAGPANTAY. it does not apply to him. AQUINO.LAGRAMADA.RAMOS.MIOLE.PABLO.VILLANO.LASALA.BAYOT. the said cases cannot be considered as pending for the Ombudsman lacked jurisdiction to act on them.HIZON.HERRERA. While these cases have been filed. The Senate confirmed the same as well.ISIDRO. Both houses started sending bills to Arroyo as President. It also declared the impeachment court functus officio. Both houses recognized the new administration.MAGRATA. petitioner was immune from suit. It is clear that the inability of Estrada is no longer temporary. Also.DE GUZMAN.GOZOS.PACETE.TOLENTINO. Technically. The House of Representatives already declared Arroyo to be the President and Guingona as the Vice President. Section 12 of RA No. (2) Whether or not the petitioner is only temporarily unable to Act as President.CAEG.GAVINO.POLITICAL LAW REVIEW case against him and to prevent his prosecution under the Anti-Graft Law or prosecution for bribery under the Revised Penal Code.EBORA.MALAMUG.BANGI. 3019 cannot therefore be invoked by the petitioner for it contemplates of cases whose investigation or prosecution do not suffer from any insuperable legal obstacle like the immunity from suit of a sitting President.YAP.YU 2010-2011 .
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