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AL RUSHAID

CONSTRUCTION CO., LTD

Basic Electrical Safety

SHARQ 3RD EXPANSION


PROJECT

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HSE Training Electrical Safety 1


AL RUSHAID
CONSTRUCTION CO., LTD

Basic Electrical Safety

 Course not designed to teach you to work


on electrical equipment.

 You will not be qualified to work on


electrical equipment.

 If you spot problems with electrical


equipment you should report it to your
supervisor.
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HSE Training Electrical Safety 2


AL RUSHAID
CONSTRUCTION CO., LTD

Objectives
• Be familiar with the fundamental concepts of
electricity.
• Be familiar with electrical protective devices.

• Be familiar with the effects of electricity on the human


body.
• Be able to recognize common electrical
hazards.

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HSE Training Electrical Safety 3


AL RUSHAID
CONSTRUCTION CO., LTD

Fundamentals of Electrical
Hazards
• To flow electricity must have a
complete path.
• Electricity flows through
conductors
– water, metal, the human body
• Insulators are non-conductors
• The human body is a conductor.

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HSE Training Electrical Safety 4


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CONSTRUCTION CO., LTD

Electricity

• In some ways, less hazardous than


steam or other energy sources.
• If properly used is our most versatile
form of energy

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HSE Training Electrical Safety 5


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CONSTRUCTION CO., LTD

Fundamentals of Electrical Hazards

Have You Ever Been Shocked?

THE BASICS

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HSE Training Electrical Safety 6


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CONSTRUCTION CO., LTD

Fundamentals of Electrical Hazards


 More than 3 ma
painful shock
 More than 10 ma
muscle contraction “no-let-go” danger
 More than 30 ma
lung paralysis- usually temporary
 More than 50 ma
possible ventricular fib. (heart dysfunction, usually fatal)
 100 ma to 4 amps
certain ventricular fibrillation, fatal
 Over 4 amps
heart paralysis; severe burns. Usually caused by >600 volts
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HSE Training Electrical Safety 7


AL RUSHAID
CONSTRUCTION CO., LTD

Fundamentals of Electrical Hazards


• Hazards of Electricity
– Electrocution/Shock/Burns/Death

• Minimum distance from overhead lines


10 ft.
• Inspect all electrical tools and
equipment

Frayed, cut, broken wires


grounding prong missing
Improper use of cube taps
improperly applied or missing strain
relief rar, 15/12/06

HSE Training Electrical Safety 8


AL RUSHAID
CONSTRUCTION CO., LTD

Electric Shock

220 Ohms
resistance

65 Volts

260 milliAmps
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HSE Training Electrical Safety 9


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CONSTRUCTION CO., LTD

Personal Protective Equipment


Face shield with Respirator mask
correct filter shade (for inadequate
lens ventilation)

Leather, flame Leather flame


resistant gloves resistant jacket

Leather safety boots Leather spats


with rubber soles and
steel toe caps rar, 15/12/06

HSE Training Electrical Safety 10


AL RUSHAID
CONSTRUCTION CO., LTD

Electrical Protection
• Circuit Breakers
– Provided to protect EQUIPMENT not
people
– Do not reset breakers with a line
voltage higher than 120V and only
reset if you know why it tripped
• GFCI’s
- Provided to protect people
- Trip range 4-6ma
- Monthly test

ELCB - Earth Leakage Circuit


Breaker
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HSE Training Electrical Safety 11


AL RUSHAID
CONSTRUCTION CO., LTD

Electrical Protection

• Distance
– If you sense the
presence of an
electrical hazard or
exposed conductors
that may be energized,
keep your distance and
STAY AWAY
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HSE Training Electrical Safety 12


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CONSTRUCTION CO., LTD

Terminology

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HSE Training Electrical Safety 13


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CONSTRUCTION CO., LTD

Flow of Electricity
The flow of electricity is like the flow of water in a pipe.

Resistance

Pressure

Flow

Current Electrical flow is measured in Amperes.

Voltage Electrical equipment powered by 440 volts or less is “low voltage”.

Resistance Resistance is measured in Ohms.

The rate of electrical current depends upon the voltage and resistance.
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HSE Training Electrical Safety 14


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CONSTRUCTION CO., LTD

Electrical Grounding

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HSE Training Electrical Safety 15


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CONSTRUCTION CO., LTD

GFCI

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HSE Training Electrical Safety 16


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CONSTRUCTION CO., LTD

GFCI

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HSE Training Electrical Safety 17


AL RUSHAID
CONSTRUCTION CO., LTD

GFCI

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HSE Training Electrical Safety 18


AL RUSHAID
CONSTRUCTION CO., LTD

GFCI

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HSE Training Electrical Safety 19


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CONSTRUCTION CO., LTD

Fundamentals of Electrical Hazards

• Voltage
– electrical pressure (water pressure)
• Amperage
– electrical flow rate (gallons/min)
• Impedance
– restriction to electrical flow (pipe friction)

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HSE Training Electrical Safety 20


AL RUSHAID
CONSTRUCTION CO., LTD

Fundamentals of Electrical
Hazards
• Circuit
– path of flow of electricity
• Circuit Element
– objects which are part of a circuit and
through which current flows.
• Fault
– current flow through an unintended path.
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HSE Training Electrical Safety 21


AL RUSHAID
CONSTRUCTION CO., LTD

Fundamentals of Electrical
Hazards
• What is Grounding?
– Protection from electric shock
• normally a secondary protection measure
• A ground is a conductive connection
– between electrical circuit or equipment and
earth or ground plane
– creates a low resistance to the earth.
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HSE Training Electrical Safety 22


AL RUSHAID
CONSTRUCTION CO., LTD

Basic Rules of Electrical Action

• Electricity isn’t live until


current flows

• Electrical current won’t


flow until there is a
complete loop, out from
and back to the power
source.

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HSE Training Electrical Safety 23


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CONSTRUCTION CO., LTD

Preventing Accidental Electrical


Contact
Electrocution Prevention

Time
GFCI rar, 15/12/06

HSE Training Electrical Safety 24


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CONSTRUCTION CO., LTD

Residual current devices


If a fault causes electricity to flow to earth,
the Residual Current Device will disconnect
the electricity supply, avoiding the risk of a
fatal shock.

They disconnect the electricity supply at a


level of 30 milliAmps.

It will disconnect within 10 -15 milliseconds.


RCD Power
Outlet

If you are unsure if you have earth leakage


protection, use a portable Residual Current Device. rar, 15/12/06

HSE Training Electrical Safety 25


AL RUSHAID
CONSTRUCTION CO., LTD

Electrical Equipment
Always check for:

• cracks in the insulation casing;

• loose or missing casing screws;

• splits or damage to the power cord


insulation;

• exposed wires;

• loose connection between the


power cord and the tool;

• bent or missing plug pins; and

• cracks in the plug.


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HSE Training Electrical Safety 26


AL RUSHAID
CONSTRUCTION CO., LTD

Portable Electrical Equipment


You should never:

• kink the power cord;

• allow power cords to contact water, oil or


steam;

• leave power tools switched on when not being used;

• handle electrical equipment with wet hands, in high


humidity, or outdoors after a rain storm; or

• disconnect a power tool without first switching off at the


power outlet.

Position power cords so they will not become a trip hazard for other people.

Fully unwind extension cords from storage reels before energising them. rar, 15/12/06

HSE Training Electrical Safety 27


AL RUSHAID
CONSTRUCTION CO., LTD

Double insulated power tools


Non-conductive, shatter proof
outer casing

Double Insulated
symbol

Double insulation protects the user from electrical shock if interior wiring
contacts the outer casing, but it does not provide total protection from
electric shock because:

• immersion of the tool in water can allow an earth leakage; and

• double insulation does not protect against any defects in the cord, plug or
power outlet.
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HSE Training Electrical Safety 28


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CONSTRUCTION CO., LTD

Electrical inspection tags


Each portable electrical tool should be fitted with a current inspection tag.

COMPLETE WHERE APPLICABLE


Owner Test Date

Equipment type Licence Number

Plant Number Signature

PLEASE INFORM YOUR ELECTRICAL SERVICES IF THIS APPLIANCE IS DEFECTIVE IN ANY WAY

BLUE: January to March


YELLOW: April to June
GREEN: July to September
BLACK: October to December
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HSE Training Electrical Safety 29


AL RUSHAID
CONSTRUCTION CO., LTD

Do’s and Don'ts

• Do plug power equipment into wall


receptacles with power switches in
the Off position.
• Do unplug electrical equipment by
grasping the plug and pulling. Do
not pull or jerk the cord to unplug
the equipment.
• Do not drape power cords over hot
pipes, radiators or sharp objects.

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HSE Training Electrical Safety 30


AL RUSHAID
CONSTRUCTION CO., LTD

Do’s and Don'ts

• Do check the receptacle


for missing or damaged
parts.
• Do not plug equipment
into defective receptacles.
• Do check for frayed,
cracked, or exposed wiring
on equipment cords.

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HSE Training Electrical Safety 31


AL RUSHAID
CONSTRUCTION CO., LTD

Do’s and Don'ts


• Do check for defective
cords clamps at locations
where the power cord
enters the equipment or
the attachment plug.

• Extension cords should not


be used in office areas.
Generally, extension cords
should be limited to use by
maintenance personnel rar, 15/12/06

HSE Training Electrical Safety 32


AL RUSHAID
CONSTRUCTION CO., LTD

Do’s and Don'ts

• “Cheater plugs”, extension cords with


junction box receptacle ends or other jury-
rigged equipment should not be used.

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HSE Training Electrical Safety 33


AL RUSHAID
CONSTRUCTION CO., LTD

Do’s and Don'ts

• Employees should know


the location of electrical
circuit breaker panels
that control equipment
and lighting in their
respective areas.
Circuits and equipment
disconnects must be
identified

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HSE Training Electrical Safety 34


AL RUSHAID
CONSTRUCTION CO., LTD

Do’s and Don'ts


• Temporary or permanent
storage of any materials
must not be allowed within 3
feet of any electrical panel or
electrical equipment.
• Any electrical equipment
causing shocks or with high
leakage potential must be
tagged with a Danger tag or
equivalent.

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HSE Training Electrical Safety 35


AL RUSHAID
CONSTRUCTION CO., LTD

Myths and Misconceptions

• Electricity takes the path


of least resistance.
• Electricity wants to go to
ground.
• If an electric tools falls
into a sink or tub of
water, the item will short
out.

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HSE Training Electrical Safety 36


AL RUSHAID
CONSTRUCTION CO., LTD

Myths and Misconceptions

• AC reverse polarity is not


hazardous.
• It takes high voltage to
kill; 120 volts is not
dangerous.
• Double insulated power
tools are doubly safe and
can be used in wet and
damp locations.

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AL RUSHAID
CONSTRUCTION CO., LTD

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CONSTRUCTION CO., LTD

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