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A laboratory (informally, lab) is a facility that provides controlled conditions in which scientific research, experiments, and measurement may be performed. The title of laboratory is also used for certain other facilities where the processes or equipment used are similar to those in scientific laboratories. These notably include:
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film laboratory or darkroom computer lab medical lab clandestine lab for the production of illegal drugs
Scientific laboratories can be found in schools and universities, in industry, in government or military facilities, and even aboard ships and spacecraft Lab safety In some laboratories, the conditions are no more dangerous than in any other room. In many labs, though, hazards are present. Laboratory hazards are as varied as the subjects of study in laboratories, and might include poisons; infectious agents; flammable, explosive, or radioactive materials; moving machinery; extreme temperatures; lasers, strong magnetic fields or high voltage. The Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) in the United States, recognizing the unique characteristics of the laboratory workplace, has tailored a standard for occupational exposure to hazardous chemicals in laboratories. This standard is often referred to as the "Laboratory Standard". Under this standard, a laboratory is required to produce a Chemical Hygiene Plan (CHP) which addresses the specific hazards found in its location, and its approach to them. In determining the proper Chemical Hygiene Plan for a particular business or laboratory, it is necessary to understand the requirements of the standard, evaluation of your current safety, health and environmental practices and assessment of your hazards. The Chemical Hygiene Plan must be reviewed annually. Many schools and businesses employ safety, health and environmental specialists, such as Chemical Hygiene Officer (CHO) to develop, manage and evaluation their Chemical Hygiene Plan. Additionally, third party review is also used to provide an objective "outside view" which provides a fresh look at areas and problems that may be taken for granted or overlooked due to habit. Inspections and audits should also be conducted on a regular basis to assess hazards due to chemical handling and storage, electrical equipment, biohazards, hazardous waste management,
housekeeping and emergency preparedness, radiation safety, ventilation as well as respiratory testing and indoor air quality. An important element of such audits is the review of regulatory compliance and the training of individuals who have access to and/or work in the laboratory. Training is critical to the ongoing safe operation of the laboratory facility. Educators, staff and management must be engaged in working to reduce the likelihood of accidents, injuries and potential litigation. Efforts are made to ensure laboratory safety videos are both relevant and engaging. Chemical hygiene safety plan and links to OSHA regulations on laboratory safety OSHA regulations (29 CFR) governing occupational exposure to hazardous chemicals in laboratories are linked below. These regulations require the adoption of a Chemical Hygiene Plan (CHP) for facilities using hazardous chemicals: "Where hazardous chemicals as defined by this standard are used in the workplace, the employer shall develop and carry out the provisions of a written Chemical Hygiene Plan which is capable of protecting employees from health hazards associated with hazardous chemicals in that laboratory and capable of keeping exposures below the limits specified." These regulations are currently non-mandatory in academic institutions. However, most colleges and universities are implementing Chemical Hygiene Plans. A Chemical Hygiene Plan is written by the laboratory supervisors and addresses specific hazards in the laboratory and procedures for managing them. The Chemical Hygiene Plan for the organic chemistry teaching labs is the plan outlined on this page, the orgchem chemical hazards page, and in the Safety section of the Handbook for Organic Chemistry (CU Chem Dept).
according to ANSI chemical splash standards. Personal Protective Equipment . The CU bookstore sells this type of goggle.note the hand-held pull-out safety wash just above the eyewash Personal Protection Equipment (PPE) Personal protection equipment in the teaching laboratory includes safety goggles (discussed above). hood ventilation goggles. Their TA or another student will come to assistance and help employ ascertain the seriousness of the exposure. Personal Protection Equipment. holding their eye open. immediately begin rinsing it in the eye wash. Special Health Problems Goggles/Eye Safety Employs must wear chemical spill protection safety goggles whenever anyone in the lab room is handling chemicals.Introduction Goggles and Eye Safety. In industrial situations. gloves. They must be flexible fitting. If employ spill a chemical in their eye: If employ get any chemical at all in their eye. and lab coats and aprons. e is an eyewash in each lab room Location of eyewash . Past students rated several types of goggles and found the UVEX goggle (Stealth or Classic) as the most comfortable.
The OSHA directive on face protection: Personal Protection Equipment (PPE) --1910 Subpart I Clothing worn to lab is part of employee¶s personal protection equipment. Not only is this necessary for employee to have a safe experience in organic lab. And know this: Employees may not take organic chemistry lab if employees are pregnant. Overview of how to handle flammable. (A bare middle is right at the edge of the lab bench where it can come into contact with spilled chemicals. health hazardous. Very loose fitting garments.Introduction might include full suits of protective clothing. such as ties and wide sleeves. as well as for handling cleaning solvents and other chemicals in their home. employ will need to be trained in its use. as well as long unrestricted hair pose a hazard and must be restrained. Also read the Hazards of Chemicals and the Handling of Waste Chemicals sections on this site: y y y Hazards of Chemicals section Waste Chemicals Handling . volatile. If are required to use a respirator. including boots and a face/head shield. They must be covered from the top of the shoulders to well below the knees. or if employ have asthma or other health problems. it is useful knowledge for almost any job they have after college. and corrosive chemicals One goal of the organic chemistry teaching lab staff is to teach each student how to safely handle organic chemicals.) Their feet must be covered±sandals are not appropriate in the chemical lab. Feel free to discuss any questions employ may have with the Laboratory Coordinator. they may want to consult their doctor before taking organic chemistry lab. Respirators are used when handling very toxic chemicals. Special health problems If employees are aware that employees have allergies to specific chemicals or drugs. or to UV light.
y Flammable Chemicals (examples: diethyl ether. methanol. y y Hazard and physical data for compounds Direct link to the organic chemistry MSDS page General Guide for Handling Chemicals in the Laboratory Knowing what the hazards are is one thing.Introduction Chemical Hazard Information for a Specific Compound This information is found on one of many printed or online sources or on the MSDS. as given by a number 4-0 in the red area of a NFPA/HMIG label. and its vapors can travel quickly away from the immediate work area. Be careful not to spill any flammable solvent (especially ether) on a heating mantle or hot plate. acetone. but they are not as likely to spontaneously combust.) Never use ether in a lab that has an open flame anywhere in the room. ethanol. Follow the links below. and hexanes are "3". ethanol. (Ether is also quite volatile. o If a compound or solvent catches on fire. This fact increases its flammability danger. immediately drop to the floor and roll to smother the flames and call for help. In case of fire: If employees clothing catches fire. Ether is extremely flammable and any spark or simply heat can ignite it. methanol) The method for proper handling of these flammable chemicals depends on their flammability rating. quickly cover the flames with a o . if employee can. and knowing how to handle chemicals with these hazards is another. The other four solvents listed here will readily burn. hexanes. The chemicals most frequently used in the CU organic chemistry laboratories are chosen as examples for each type of hazard. The NFPA/HMIG rating for diethyl ether is "4" while acetone. The goal of the following sections is to teach employee how to handle chemicals with the most common hazards employee will encounter. Keep them away from electrical outlets.
If the fire is large. The main hood must also be kept nearly closed as often as possible. All of the student hoods . they can cause irritation of the respiratory tract. Do not put water on an organic chemical fire because it will only spread the fire. pull the fire alarm in the hallway If no one in authority is available. methylene chloride. call a safe phone. acetone.Introduction o o o o o o piece of glassware If it is feasible. . drowsiness. diethyl ether) Diethyl ether and methylene chloride are the most volatile of the chemicals that employee will use in the organic chem teaching labs. If they are accidentally inhaled. or even central nervous system depression.are ventilated by the fan located in the main hood. y Volatile Chemicals (examples: hexanes. intoxication. use a fire extinguisher to put the fire out. do not take chances: evacuate the lab and the building immediately and tell their TA or the Coordinator what has happened If no one in authority is available. The front of each student hood has a plastic covering. nausea. allowing access to the hood. this action will decrease the ventilation efficiency not only of your student hood. Student laboratories have been retrofitted with Plexiglass student hoods. but of the student hoods of each and every other student in the lab room. If the fire alarm sounds for any reason.there are 20 in each lab room . leave the room immediately and exit the building. it is also extremely flammable. If you pull the plastic flaps to one side or put them on top of the student hood. leave the flaps down whenever possible. Therefore. Diethyl ether presents a special problem because it is not only volatile.
diethyl ether) The health hazard of a chemical is designated by a number 4-0 in the blue area of a NFPA/HMIG label. Often in the Lab Manual. .at least into the hallway. The reason for this is two-fold: so that you do not lose your product and so that you do not spill chemicals. methylene chloride. employee might suffer a minor or a serious injury. If employee protect their self properly by wearing gloves. especially by the balances. Contact Health Hazards of Solvents and Organic Chemicals (examples: methanol. and if employees are careful not to spill chemicals. lab coat. ethanol. they will take you outside into the fresh air. and if necessary provide first aid or take you to get medical attention. Tell your TA or the Coordinator. acetone. goggles. If employee had a one-time overexposure to the above chemicals. note that it is nearly closed Everyone in the lab must work together to reduce the amount of volatile chemicals released into the lab room! If employee inhale vapors: Leave the area immediately . hexanes. chemicals have been spilled by students and left where they were in the lab. so be sure to clean up a chemical spill promptly. most are 1 or 2. This could cause serious harm to another student. note the flaps on the front face the main hood. employees are not likely to come into contact with these chemicals.Introduction a student hood. None of the chemicals employee will use has a "4" rating. In the past. and closed-toed shoes. you will be directed to clamp reaction flasks and vacuum flasks.
employee will feel a burning in their nasal and respiratory passages. phosphoric acid. they have a health rating of "3". Strong acids and bases are used frequently in the organic chemistry teaching labs. If the affected area remains more than slightly red after the rinsing period.Introduction If employees spill a chemical on their self: Immediately rinse the affected area with lots of water. Always wear goggles. If the affected area remains more than slightly red after the rinsing period. gloves. Hazards of Corrosives (examples: hydrochloric acid. At full strength. seek medical attention.) If spilled on their skis. (As they are diluted. they cause a chemical burn. protective clothing. The heavier style of Playtex gloves are recommended for use when handling corrosives. the health rating drops about one number in rating for each 1:10 dilution. but never try to "treat" the spill with another solvent or chemical unless directed to do so by their TA. meaning that short exposure could cause serious injury. Waste Chemical Handling How hazardous chemical waste are collected in the Organic Chemistry Teaching Labs: rules and how employee can do your part to reduce the amount of hazardous waste produces. If employee spills a corrosive on their self: Immediately rinse the affected area with lots of water. sulfuric acid. Keep glassware away from the edge of the bench top. and shoes. Glassware Safety Use common sense when handling glassware. Use soap if employee wish. Use soap if employee wish. Handle corrosives with great care so as not to spill them or inhale their vapors. If employee breathes in a big whiff of vapors. seek medical attention. but never try to "treat" the spill with another solvent or chemical unless directed to do so by their TA. They are very harmful to your eyes. Always clamp your reaction flask and the suction flask securely to a ring stand to prevent them from falling over. sodium hydroxide) . Check each piece of glassware for hairline or star cracks . nitric acid.
Always disconnect the plug from the socket by pulling firmly on the plug: Do not yank it out by the cord! Keep water away from all electrical equipment. . Wear heavy gloves to prevent this. tell their TA. hot plates) properly to prevent electrical shock.Introduction before using it. Equipment and Electrical Safety If employee¶s reaction is heated with a heating mantle. Protect their feet by wearing closed-toed shoes. and MelTemps before employee return them to the shelves for storage. Place the broken glassware in one of the "Broken Clean Glassware" containers located in the labs. clamp each piece of glassware securely. or steam bath. Wear heavy gloves to prevent this. but to protect them from broken pieces of glass which may be on the floor from a previous lab section. be prepared to help them if they are unable to help themselves. If their reaction requires the use of a heating mantle or steam bath. Always wrap the cords firmly around stir motors. Wearing thick gloves use a brush and dustpan to sweep up the broken glass. Tripping and falling is especially dangerous in a chemistry lab. glassware or the clamps used to hold glassware can become hot enough to cause a thermal burn on their skin. hot plates. stir motors. Variacs. If it is your neighbor who has been hurt. If employee cut or burns their self: If employee cut their self wash the wound immediately with large amounts of cool water. not only to protect their feet from dropped glassware. When doing a distillation. Cuts can be also prevented by wearing thick gloves. if it is. hot plate. Electrical cords that are left running across the floor are a trip hazard. Use electrical equipment (heating mantles. Check the cord or plug to make sure that it is not damaged or frayed. especially while washing glassware. If employees do break a piece of glassware. remember that the glassware or the clamps used to hold glassware can become hot enough to cause a thermal burn on their skin. when a student might be carrying a corrosive or flammable chemical. do not leave it in the sink or on the bench top because someone may inadvertently get cut. Always employees wear goggles to protect their eyes from flying broken glassware.
seek medical attention. After a while. If the burn looks like it is more than just a reddening of the skin. Personal Protective Equipment . you can apply a pain-relieving cream. elevate the affected limb. Watch for evidence of shock and contact their TA or the Lab Coordinator as necessary.Introduction Apply direct pressure to stop the bleeding as necessary. Thermal burns are treated by covering the affected area with cool water or ice. If the bleeding is profuse.
PPE does not reduce or eliminate the hazard.Introduction Personal protective equipment (PPE) is special gear used to protect the wearer from specific hazards of a hazardous substance. and does not protect anyone else. . It is a last resort protection system. to be used when substitution or engineering controls are not feasible. protects only the wearer.
Study of the existing safety measures. 2. Recommendations for changes to improve the effectiveness of the existing safety programme procedures and systems from the viewpoint of occupational health and safety. procedures and systems in laboratory. 1. 3.Introduction SCOPE AND OBJECTIVES Scope of the Work 1. . Objectives The primary object of safety department is to save lives and to protect company¶s assets and property against any accidents. Whether Biocon & Syngine industry meets the laboratory safety measures prescribed by various national standards in regard with the safety. It will help us to know whether any inadequacy is there in meeting with the statutory standards or any extra preventive and protective safety measures are needed so that no statutory violations will arise with regard to safety aspects. With this in view the following goals are set: The objective of this project work is to find out.
November 29.the start of a biorevolution in India. It is a pioneer company in its own rights as was the first one to receive ISO 9001 certification worldwide in the domain of production of enzymes. of Ireland and an Indian entrepreneur.Introduction 2. Biocon Biopharmaceuticals Private Limited (BBPL) began as a joint venture with CIMAB to develop and market a range of monoclonal antibodies and cancer vaccines. Syngene is one Subsidiary Company in Biocon. In March 2010. Over the years. Biocon acquired CIMAB¶s 49% stake and BBPL became a 100% subsidiary. Clinigene International Limited is a clinical research organisation offering Phase I-IV clinical trials and studies for novel/generic molecules to international pharmaceutical majors. AxiCorp GmbH is a Friedrichsdorf (Germany) based pharmaceutical . Syngene was India¶s first Custom Research Organization to receive special export status by the Government of India. To study the compatibility of safety measures provided in Biocon & Syngene industry SYNGENE PROFILE Established in 1994. Biocon has evolved from an enzymemanufacturing company into a fully integrated biopharmaceutical enterprise. custom research and clinical research. Kiran Mazumdar-Shaw 1979 Biocon is the first Indian company to manufacture and export enzymes to USA and Europe. Subsidiary Companies: Syngene International Limited is a custom research organisation offering synthetic chemistry and molecular biology services for early stage drug discovery and development. 1978 Biocon¶s Founding Day . General Information Biocon Limited is a fully integrated biopharmaceutical company focused on biopharmaceuticals. Biocon India is incorporated as a joint venture between Biocon Biochemicals Ltd.
chemists. HR generalists to general administrators. pharmacologists.R. is India's first custom research company in drug discovery . a Biocon subsidiary. The employee attrition last quarter was 7% and last year it was over 20%. The average age of the employees is 29 years.Shetty. 5% of our employees have PhD degrees. B. established in 1978 . Intellectual Profile of 4750+ Personnel Biocon. engineers.Introduction marketing company and is amongst the fastest growing in Europe.Biocon is the first Indian company to be approved by US FDA for the manufacture of lovastatin.Biocon is India's first biotechnology company.Syngene. Milestones .Biocon is the first biotechnology company to receive ISO 9001 certification in India . finance/legal/marketing analysts. Abu Dhabi. 41% have a master¶s degree in science and the remaining are graduates with a bachelor's degree in science. a . Syngene and Clinigene together employee approximately 4750 qualified personnel . commerce or arts. 15% of Biocon employees are women (across the group).from biologists. Biocon Limited acquired a majority stake in AxiCorp GmbH (78%) in February. NeoBiocon FZ LLC is a research and marketing pharmaceutical company based in Abu Dhabi. Incorporated in January 2008. 2008. medical practitioners. Managing Director of NeoPharma. NeoBiocon is a 50:50 joint venture with Dr.
Biocon's BIOMAb EGFR® wins "Product of the Year". for two consecutive years 2002-2003 . ERYPRO Safe and NUFIL Safe are the first two drugs that will marketed using this novel device with other inject able products to follow in the future.Biocon is the 7th largest biotech employer in the world (Med 2008 Ad News).Syngene receives "BioServices Company of the Year".Biocon is the first company. on .Biocon divests its enzymes division to Novozymes.Syngene is awarded the Certificate of Excellence for Export Achievement by the Government of India. 2008 company.Biocon acquires a 78% stake in German pharmaceutical AxiCorp GmbH for a consideration of ¼30 Million.Biocon is ranked among the top 20 global biotechnology Ad News). 2008 . INSUGEN®. 2008 treatment of companies (Med .Introduction cholesterol-lowering molecule . BioSpectrum Awards.Biocon launches a Safety Device in the form of pre-filled syringes for two of its life saving products.Biocon and Abraxis Bioscience launch ABRAXANE in India for Breast Cancer. using a Pichia expression system. globally to manufacture human insulin. 2008 . BioSpectrum Awards. focuses biopharmaceuticals. 2007 . 2004 . GCSF (granulocyte. .colony stimulating factor) and EPO (Erythropoietin) in collaboration with Safety Syringes Inc. 2007 . 2007 .
Bristol-Myers Squibb and Biocon's Syngene open new R&D Biocon Park. Facility at . 2009 .Introduction . 2009 . 2009 integrated Partnership.Biocon's Syngene and DuPont Crop Protection Forge Alliance 2009 .Biocon's Syngene partners with Sapient Discovery to expand drug discovery offerings.Biocon Announces Strategic Collaboration with Mylan to enter Generic Biologics Market. 2009 Products Biopharmaceuticals Active Pharmaceutical Ingredients (APIs) Anti-Diabetic Agents Anti-Inflammatory Agents Anti-Oxidants Cardiovascular Agents Anti-Obesity Agents Digestive-Aid Enzymes Anti-Hypertensive Agents Haemostatic Agents Hepatoprotective Agents Immunosuppressants Gastro-Intestinal Agents Nutraceuticals Innovation the Global Biological Insulin Streptokinase EPO GCSF Monoclonal Antibodies .Biocon inks partnership with ISB to launch the Biocon Cell for Management.
Non-contaminated sharp objects in labeled. 15. Fume hoods are inspected regularly 13. Current inventory of chemicals is available YES / NO YES / NO YES / NO YES / NO YES / NO YES / NO YES / NO YES / NO YES / NO YES / NO YES / NO YES / NO YES / NO YES / NO YES / NO . Lab coats are available.Introduction Materials and methods GENERAL 1. Safety glasses/goggles are available. All exit ways are free and unobstructed 14. Emergency phone numbers are posted on the laboratory door 2. Chemical protective gloves are available 7. 8. Warning signs are posted on doors 3. 11. 6. Aisles are uncluttered and without a tripping hazard. Fire extinguishers are available and unobstructed. 12. 9. An eyewash fountain is present. A body shower is present 10. All personnel know how to obtain MSDS's 4. puncture-proof containers. All personnel have received Lab Specific Training 5.
No leaking containers are present. 8. 2. Peroxide forming reagents are disposed of or tested after expiry date. . YES / NO YES / NO YES / NO YES / NO YES / NO YES / NO YES / NO YES / NO YES / NO YES / NO YES / NO CHEMICAL WASTE 1. 9. Flammables are kept away from sources of heat. flames. 11. 10. 4. Gas cylinders are properly secured. Laboratory waste is systematically and safely disposed. etc. 5. 7. 6. Chemicals are stored according to compatibility. Flammable storage area(s) is labeled. Corrosive materials are stored low to the ground. 2.Introduction CHEMICAL STORAGE AND HANDLING 1. Chemicals in the open are kept to a minimum. Peroxide forming reagents are dated when opened. YES / NO YES / NO From the above table I measured the general safety in Syngene laboratory. Corrosive chemical storage area(s) is labeled. All chemical containers are properly labeled. ignition. 3. Hazardous waste containers are labeled and have closed lids.
12. Chemical protective gloves are available 7. All personnel know how to obtain MSDS's 4. Lab coats are available. 11. Warning signs are posted on doors 3. All personnel have received Lab Specific Training 5. 6. An eyewash fountain is present.Introduction RESULT AND DISCUSSION General safety measures observed in the Syngene laboratory. 9. Aisles are uncluttered and without a tripping hazard. Non-contaminated sharp objects in labeled. puncture-proof containers. 15. 8. All exit ways are free and unobstructed 14. Fire extinguishers are available and unobstructed. Current inventory of chemicals is available YES YES YES YES YES YES YES YES YES NO NO YES YES YES YES . Emergency phone numbers are posted on the laboratory door 2. Fume hoods are inspected regularly 13. Safety glasses/goggles are available. A body shower is present 10. GENERAL 1.
flames. 2. It is . 7. Laboratory waste is systematically and safely disposed. 4. Chemicals are stored according to compatibility. Hazardous waste containers are labeled and have closed lids. 10. 8. Chemicals in the open are kept to a minimum. Peroxide forming reagents are disposed of or tested after expiry date. YES YES y y y Emergency phone numbers are posted on the laboratory door -200 Warning signs are posted on laboratory doors All personnel know how to obtain MSDS's: Labels alert people to the dangers of the product and basic safety precautions. All chemical containers are properly labeled. 9. Corrosive chemical storage area(s) is labeled. No leaking containers are present. 5. ignition.Introduction CHEMICAL STORAGE AND HANDLING 1. 3. Flammables are kept away from sources of heat. 11. Flammable storage area(s) is labeled. 6. Gas cylinders are properly secured. Corrosive materials are stored low to the ground. Peroxide forming reagents are dated when opened. 4. etc. YES YES YES YES YES YES YES YES YES NO YES CHEMICAL WASTE 3.
or wrapper and must be attached to. tag. Induction Training for all Syngene Personnel is provided by Environmental Health & Safety and is mandatory for all faculty. and situations can change frequently.) is required in all experimental areas where hazardous materials are handled. storage. y Instructions for selection and use of protective laboratory clothing are as follows: select knee-length lab coats with button or snap closures Wear a solid-front lab coat or gown with back closures and knitted cuffs when working with highly toxic or infectious agents. sign. Emergency Response Procedure and Emergency Assembly point. must be labeled. EHS process SOP. aprons. stenciled. include Facility Orientation and safety awareness training. Use of PPEs. waste disposal. and includes spill or leak remediation. A label may be a mark. Any hazardous material. y All personnel have received Lab Specific Training: Training and education provides more detailed instruction on the specific procedures necessary to carry out work safely. stamp. or embossed on the container of the controlled product. Induction Training is basic training that provides instruction on classification of controlled products. to request a safety training attendance list. Basic fire fighting and lab safety training. ticket.. whether in transit. There are many categories of hazards that might be encountered in a laboratory setting. o wear protective aprons for special procedures such as transferring large volumes of corrosive material o remove protective clothing when leaving the laboratory o remove protective clothing in the event of visible or suspected contamination o o . sticker. Job-specific training refers to instruction in the procedures for the safe handling and storage each laboratory. imprinted.Introduction imperative that all containers in laboratories are clearly identified. device. staff. lab coats. and basic first aid instructions.g. Lab coats are available: In syngene laboratory appropriate protective clothing (e. or use. Environmental Health & Safety tracks all safety training on campus and with up-to-date safety training lists for all their personnel.
are stored. Should be no more than 15-30 second away from the work bench. gloves are used for protection from radiation. tearing. faculty and visitors must wear appropriate eye and/or facial protection in the following: All areas where hazardous materials. Safety glasses/goggles are available: All staff. must be labeled. or overloaded electrical circuits. moving particles and/or rupture exist. A label . Should be no more than 15-30 second away from the work bench. storage. biohazard material and physical hazards such as abrasion. Should be clearly marked. or substances of an unknown nature. chemical products. Should be provided with drainage system A body shower is present: Body showers provide an effective means of treatment in the event that chemicals are spilled or splashed onto the skin or clothing. whether in transit. All chemical containers are properly labeled: Any hazardous material. They are able to capture and exhaust even heavy vapors. emergency exits and evacuation routes where you work.g. All areas where the possibility of splash. e. flying objects. Once outside of the building. All areas where there are other eye hazards. move away from the doors to enable others to exit.Introduction y Chemical protective gloves are available: In the laboratory. Should be clearly marked. Fire extinguishers are available: Laboratory fires can runaway chemical reactions. failure of unattended or defective equipment. y An eyewash fountain is present: Eye wash provide an effective means of treatment when chemicals come in contact with the eyes. Should be provided with drainage system. or use. used or handled. electrical heating units. and are preferred for All laboratory procedures that require manual handling of hazardous chemical material. In the event that the general alarm is sounded use the evacuation routes established for your area and follow the instructions of the Evacuation Monitors. puncture and exposure to temperature extremes. Familiarize yourself with the operation of the fire extinguishers and the location of pull stations. y y y y y Fume hoods are inspected regularly: Chemical fume hoods are enclosed units with a sliding sash for opening or closing the hood. UV or laser light.
stenciled. ticket. Hazardous waste containers are labeled and have closed lids.Introduction y y may be a mark. device. Disposal of laboratory waste can be achieved by techniques involving dilution. tag. Unless the waste materials were not separated and disposed in their respective Pins. Separate the waste materials and dispose them into the respective waste pins. or wrapper and must be attached to. sign. stamp. or embossed on the container of the controlled product. Classes of waste should be properly labeled. Large quantities of flammable wastes should never be accumulated in a closed. sticker. . imprinted. unventilated room. neutralization. Laboratory waste is systematically and safely disposed. Overfilled and/or leaking containers cannot be accepted for disposal. the casuals won¶t collect the waste materials for disposal.
All employees are educated about fire and handling the fire extinguisher. Rules exist to minimize the individual's risk. 2. Training and education provides more detailed instruction on the specific procedures necessary to carry out work safely & using about personal protective equipment. . 1969 . Probably with heat or smoke detection system along with portable CO2 and DCP extinguishers or automatic sprinkler or CO2 total flooding system approved by any fire association or fire insurance company as per Rules 77 (2) and (7) of The Karnataka Factories Rules. Laboratory safety is very important to reduce chances of accident. Laboratory workers are exposed to new chemicals as they research new products and synthesis routes. From using personal protective equipment lab users are avoid dangers in laboratory. Cable tunnels should be necessarily equipped with proper fire protection. Therefore. The employees are well educated about safety. In Syngene laboratory almost all employees are used personal protective equipment. Recommendation 1. Cable duct from SMS towards Forge Plant and HTS. they may not be aware of dangers from each other¶s experiments. shall be provided with EMERGENCY EXIT at strategic location to be used in fires to meet Rule 71 of The Factories Act. In laboratories where dangerous conditions might exist. safety precautions are important. Every laboratory uses variety of chemicals in small quantities resulting in presence of incompatible chemicals in close proximity. Fire extinguisher is very important to control accident. Laboratory coworkers may be working on different products. and safety equipment is used to protect the lab user from injury or to assist in responding to an emergency. 1948 and Rule 71 of The Karnataka Factories Rules. 1969.Introduction CONCLUSION Safety is important in any work place.
An eyewash fountain is present. 1969 . All personnel have received Lab Specific Training 5. A body shower is present 10. Laboratory safety check list for Safety Improvement Well organized and carefully maintained premises are safer from lab accident. 1948 . 15.Introduction 3. Aisles are uncluttered and without a tripping hazard. Provisions shall be made for separate water supply system having atleast 50. Non-contaminated sharp objects in labeled. 4. Fire extinguishers are available and unobstructed. Lab coats are available. This check list will help managements and their lab safety staff to assess their standard of housekeeping.000 litres of capacity as per Rule 77 (6) of The Karnataka Factories Rules. the means of escape as per Rule 71(2) of The Factories Act. 11. If the answer to any question is "NO" action should be taken to put matters right . Fire service department should impart training programme to be useful in fire emergencies on shop floors atleast once in three months to ensure employees. Emergency phone numbers are posted on the laboratory door 2. puncture-proof containers. Chemical protective gloves are available 7. Gas cylinders are properly secured. 6. 8. GENERAL 1. . 9. Warning signs are posted on doors 3. Fume hoods are inspected regularly 13. Safety glasses/goggles are available. All personnel know how to obtain MSDS's 4. 12. All exit ways are free and unobstructed 14. Current inventory of chemicals is available o CHEMICAL STORAGE AND HANDLING No leaking containers are present.
Peroxide forming reagents are disposed of or tested after expiry date.Introduction All chemical containers are properly labeled.com www. Peroxide forming reagents are dated when opened. Notification. Corrosive chemical storage area(s) is labeled. Ministry of Commerce and Industry (Department of Industrial Policy and Promotion). ignition.The Gazette of India PART II-Section 3-Sub-section (i) New Delhi. Laboratory waste is systematically and safely disposed References Anonyms (2004). Corrosive materials are stored low to the ground. Chemicals in the open are kept to a minimum. Chemicals are stored according to compatibility. etc. Flammable storage area(s) is labeled. CHEMICAL WASTE Hazardous waste containers are labeled and have closed lids.com . flames.google. www. Flammables are kept away from sources of heat.yahoo.
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