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Prof. Saroj Kumar Sanyal, M.Sc. (IARI), Ph.D.

FISSS, FNAAS, FAScT Residence:
Former Vice-Chancellor, Flat A1 (Ground Floor)
Bidhan Chandra Krishi Viswavidyalaya, Saptaparni,
Mohanpur-741 252, District-Nadia. West Bengal 58/3, Ballygunge Circular Road
Adjunct Professor, Kolkata-700 019.
Indian Agricultural Research Institute, New Delhi & Telephone: 033-24544694
Bihar Agricultural University, Sabour, Bihar Mobile: 098302 47072
Former Chairman, Research Advisory Committee, Email:
NBSS & LUP (ICAR), Nagpur &
CRIJAF (ICAR), Barrackpore, West Bengal
Charrman, Scientific Advisory Committee,
Tocklai Tea Research Association, Jorhat, Assam
Former Visiting Scientist,
International Rice Research Institute, The Philippines
President, Section of Agriculture & Forestry Sciences,
92nd Session of the Indian Science Congree Association (2004-2005)

Ref. No. SKS/P/2018-19/105 Date March 3, 2018


Soil is the outermost covering of the earth’s crust which consists of loosely arranged layers of
materials composed of inorganic and organic constituents in different stages of weathering and
organization. It is a natural medium in which plants grow, multiply and die, thereby providing a
perennial source of organic matter, which could be recycled for plants nutrition as well as soil
mibrobial activity. Soil also provides the physical support for the anchorage of root system and served
as a reservoir of air, water and nutrients, which are essentially required for growth of the plants. The
portion of earth beneath the soil is known as bed rock and it does not contribute directly to the growth
of plants.
We all know that soil is a key element of agriculture. Without it we would not be able to grow
plants, which are used as food for both humans and animals, and also for fibre. The soil sustains most
living organisms, being the ultimate source of their mineral nutrients. Good management of soils
ensures that mineral nutrients do not become deficient or toxic to plants, and that appropriate mineral
elements enter the food-chain. Soil management is important, both directly and indirectly, to crop
productivity, environmental sustainability, and human health. Because of the projected increase in
world population and the consequent necessity for the intensification of food production, the
management of soils will become increasingly important in the coming years. To achieve future food
security, the management of soils in a sustainable manner will be the challenge, through proper
nutrient management and appropriate soil conservation practices.
The book, entitled “Objective Soil Science”, authored by Dr. B.S. Singh and Dr. A. D. Kadlag
is well written and it includes the chapters in the objective type questions with key towards preparation
for the competitive examinations like undergraduate, post-graduate, SAUs & ICAR-AIEEPG entrance,
Ph.D., Junior Research Fellowship (JRF), Senior Research Fellowship (SRF), Agricultural Research

Service (ARS), National Eligibility Test (NET), SET, Civil Services, Agricultural Officers, Bank P.O.
(Agriculture) and Allied Agricultural Examinations.

The information given in this book provides ample guidance to enable the candidate to appear
in the competitive examinations, entrance test of various agricultural Universities/Institution in the
country. I appreciate the effort of the authors in bringing out this useful publication. I am sure that the
students will take advantage of this document for successful pursuits of their respective professional
I appreciate and compliment to authors for their sincere efforts.

(Saroj Kumar Sanyal)

March 3, 2018