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DESIGN OF STEEL COLUMN FOR GIVEN

APPLIED LOAD
fixed at top
SPIEGEL 66
pinned at btm

applied axial load Pa kip 50


yield stress of steel Fy ksi 36
elasticity of steel reinforcement Es ksi 29,000
proportional limit of Euler stress ksi 34
factor of safety 3
unbraced length of upper column Lu ft 26
effective length factor (see table K) K 0.80
unbraced length of upper column inch 312
required minimum moment of inertia inch^4 32.6
SELECT : COLUMN SECTION W 10 x 49
area of column section A sq.inch 14.4
moment of inertia Iy inch^4 93.4
radius of gyration ry inch 2.54
CALCULATIONS

find fe & check applicability of Euler Formula


buckling stress fe ksi 29.64
maximum stress Fm ksi 88.92

fe is within
proportional limit

find the length at which fe equals the proportioal limit

the unsupported length of the column at


inch 291
proportionate limit stress
the unsupported length of the column at
ft 24.3
proportionate limit stress

modulus of rigidity EI 2,708,600


slenderness ratio Cc 98
slenderness ratio using maximum stress Fm Cc 80
Cc okay for
compression
member

Euler Formula
applies

buckling load from Euler Formula kip 427


buckling load from Euler Formula kip 429
design load Fa kip 142
applied load is
within limit hence
design is
acceptable
given length
exceeds and not
applicable for
compression
member
both ends are hinged both ends are hinged

y x

300 300
36 36
29,000 29,000
34 34
3 3
20 20
1.00 1.00
240 240
181.1 181.1
W 10 x 68 W 10 x 68
19.9 19.9
134 394
2.59 4.44

33.33 97.96
99.99 293.88
fe exceeds and not
fe is within applicable for
proportional limit compression
member

238 407

19.8 33.9

3,886,000 11,426,000
93 54
76 44
Cc okay for Cc okay for
compression compression
member member

Euler Formula Euler Formula not


applies applicable

663 1949
666 1958
221 650
applied load
applied load is
exceeds and not
within limit hence
applicable for
design is
compression
acceptable
member
given length
given length is
exceeds and not
within limit hence
applicable for
design is
compression
acceptable
member