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and returning it to its original position using a test jig and

Required Torque for Testing Threaded Austenitic Stainless Steel
an adapter location dimension that are in accordance
with Figure QW-466.4.
Nominal Diameter Threads/in. and Testing Torque,
of Studs, in. (mm) Series Designated ft‐ lb (J) QW-192.2.2 Acceptance Criteria — Bend and
/4 (6.4) 28 UNF 4.5 (6.1) Hammer Tests. In order to pass the test(s) , each of the
/4 (6.4) 20 UNC 4.0 (5.4) five stud welds and heat affected zones shall be free of
/16 (7.9) 24 UNF 9.0 (12.2)
visible separation or fracture after bending and return
/16 (7.9) 18 UNC 8.0 (10.8) bending or after hammering.
/8 (9.5) 24 UNF 16.5 (22.4)
/8 (9.5) 16 UNC 14.5 (19.7)
/16 (11.1) 20 UNF 26.0 (35.3)
When the applicable Code Section requires the use of
/16 (11.1) 14 UNC 23.0 (31.2) this p aragrap h fo r tub e ‐ to ‐ tub es heet demo ns tratio n
mockup qualification, QW-1 9 3 .1 through QW-1 9 3 .1 .3
/2 (12.7) 20 UNF 40.0 (54.2)
shall apply.
/2 (12.7) 13 UNC 35.5 (48.1)
QW-193.1 Procedure Qualification Specimens. Ten
/8 (15.9) 18 UNF 80.00 (108.5)
5 mockup welds are required to qualify each procedure.
/8 (15.9) 11 UNC 71.00 (96.3)
The mockup assembly shall essentially duplicate the tube
/4 (19.0) 16 UNF 140.00 (189.8) hole configuration and tube-to-tubesheet j oint design
/4 (19.0) 10 UNC 125.00 (169.5) within the limits of the essential variables of QW-2 88.
/8 (22.2) 14 UNF 223.00 (302.3) The thickness of the tubesheet in the mockup test assem-
/8 (22.2) 9 UNC 202.00 (273.9) bly shall be at least as thick as the production tubesheet,
except it is not required to be thicker than 2 in. (50 mm).
1 (25.4) 14 UNF 339.00 (459.6)
The cladding may be represented by the base material of
1 (25.4) 8 UNC 303.00 (410.8)
essentially equivalent chemical composition to the clad-
ding composition. The mockup welds shall be submitted
to the following tests sequentially and must meet the ap-
Alternatively, where torquing to destruction is not fea- plicable acceptance criteria.
sible, tensile testing may be used. For carbon and austeni-
QW-193.1.1 Acceptance Criteria — Visual Exami-
tic stainless steel studs, the failure strength shall be not
nation. The accessible surfaces of the welds shall be ex-
l e s s th a n 3 5 , 0 0 0 p s i ( 2 4 0 M P a ) a n d 3 0 , 0 0 0 p s i
amined visually with no magnificatio n required. The
(2 1 0 MPa) , respectively. For other metals, the failure
welds shall show complete fusion and no evidence of
strength shall not be less than half of the minimum speci-
burning through the tube wall, and shall be free from
fied tensile strength of the stud material. The failure
cracking or porosity.
strength shall be based on the minor diameter of the
threaded section of externally threaded studs, except QW-193.1.2 Acceptance Criteria — Liquid Pene-
where the shank diameter is less than the minor dia- trant. The liquid penetrant examination shall meet the re-
meter, or on the original cross ‐ sectional area where fail- quirements of Section V, Article 6. The weld surfaces shall
ure occurs in a no nthreaded, internally threaded, o r meet the requirements of QW-195.2.
reduced ‐ diameter stud. QW-193. 1. 3 Acceptan ce Criteri a — M acro-
QW-192. 1. 4 Acceptan ce Criteria — M acro- Examination. The mo ckup welds s hall b e s ectio ned
Examination. In order to pass the macro ‐ examination, through the center of the tube for macro ‐ examination.
each of five sectioned stud welds and the heat‐ affected The four exposed surfaces shall be smoothed and etched
zone shall be free of cracks when examined at 10X magni- with a suitable etchant (see QW-470) to give a clear defi-
fication, which is required by QW-202.5 when studs are nition of the weld and heat‐ affected zone. Using a magni-
welded to metals other than P ‐ No. 1. fication of 10X to 20X, the exposed cross sections of the
QW-192.2 Performance Qualification Specimens. weld shall confirm
QW-192.2.1 Required Tests. Five stud ‐ weld tests (a) minimum leak p ath dimens io n required b y the
are required to qualify each stud ‐ welding operator. The design
equipment used for stud welding shall be completely (b) no cracking
automatic except for manual starting. The performance (c) complete fusion of the weld deposit into the tube ‐
test shall be welded in accordance with a qualified WPS sheet and tube wall face
per QW-301.2. (d) complete penetration of the weld deposit to within
Each stud (five j oints) shall be tested either by ham- /64 in. (0.4 mm) of the root of the joint
mering over until one ‐ fourth of its length is flat on the test (e) porosity shall not reduce the weld throat below the
piece or by bending the stud to an angle of at least 15 deg required minimum leak path thickness